Footnotes

Footnotes

Chapter 1 - Introduction and background

[1]        Emma Pollard and Leonie Mellor, 'Logan fire inquest: Coroner examines nation's worst domestic fire tragedy at Slacks Creek', ABC News, 19 August 2014, available: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-08-18/logan-inquest-coroner-examine-fatal-fire-slacks-creek/5677946 (accessed 8 March 2016).

[2]        Emma Pollard and Leonie Mellor, 'Logan fire inquest: Coroner examines nation's worst domestic fire tragedy at Slacks Creek', ABC News, 19 August 2014.

[3]        Dea Clark, 'Logan fire inquest: Impossible to determine cause of Slacks Creek house blaze that killed 11 people', ABC News, 19 September 2014, available: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-09-19/logan-fire-inquest-impossible-to-determine-cause-of-fatal-fire/5756094 (accessed 8 March 2016).

[4]        Kym Agius, 'Matt Golinski fire: Christmas tree lights or power board "likely cause" of fatal blaze at TV chef's home', ABC News, 5 December 2015, available: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-12-05/christmas-tree-lights-coroner-matt-golinski-fatal-house-fire/7004180 (accessed 8 March 2016).

[5]        Kym Agius, 'Matt Golinski fire: Christmas tree lights or power board "likely cause" of fatal blaze at TV chef's home', ABC News, 5 December 2015.

[6]        Henrietta Cook and Nino Bucci, 'Screams heard as children's bodies found in burnt-out house', The Age, 23 March 2012, available: http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/screams-heard-as-childrens-bodies-found-in-burntout-house-20120322-1vnjs.html (accessed 8 March 2016).

[7]        Paul Cleary, 'Fatal flaw of cheap heat', The Australian, 28 May 2012, available: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/inquirer/fatal-flaw-of-cheap-heat/story-e6frg6z6-1226368667384 (accessed 8 March 2016).

[8]        Council of Australian Governments (COAG), National Partnership Agreement to Deliver a Seamless National Economy (2008), p. 6.

[9]        COAG, National Partnership Agreement to Deliver a Seamless National Economy (2008), p. 6.

[10]      Building Act 2004 (ACT), s. 136(1); Building (General) Regulations 2008 (ACT) reg. 43A; Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW), reg. 98; Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), part 2A; Building Act 1975 (QLD), s.12; Fire and Emergency Services Act 1990 (QLD), division 5A; Development Regulations 2008 (SA), reg. 4; Building Act 2000 (TAS), reg. 55; Building Regulations 2006 (VIC), reg. 109; and Building Regulations 2012 (WA).

[11]      Australian Building Codes Board (ABCB), National Construction Code (NCC), vol. 1, p. 8.

[12]      ABCB, NCC, vol. 2, cl. 1.3.2.

[13]      ABCB, NCC, vol. 2, cl. 1.3.2.

[14]      ABCB, NCC, vol. 1, cl. A3.2.

[15]      ABCB, NCC, vol. 1, cl. A3.2.

[16]      ABCB, NCC, vol. 1, cl. A3.2.

[17]      ABCB, NCC, vol. 2, part 2.3.2; and vol. 1, objective EP2.1.

[18]      ABCB, NCC, vol. 1, cl. A0.5.

[19]      Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13A(3).

[20]      Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) Regulations 2012 (TAS), regulations 7-8.

[21]      Standards Australia (SA), Australian Standard (AS) 3786-2014, part 1.

[22]      SA, AS 3786-2014, clauses 4.9-4.10.

[23]      SA, AS 3786-2014, clauses 4.12-4.13.

[24]      SA, AS 3786-2014, cl. 4.18.

[25]      SA, AS 3786-2014, cl. 4.20.

[26]      SA AS 3786-2014, cl. 4.22.

[27]      SA, AS 3786-2014, cl. 4.23.

[28]      SA, AS 3786-2014, appendix G.

[29]      SA, AS 3786-2014, appendix H.

[30]      SA, AS 3786-2014, appendix I.

[31]      SA, AS 3786-2014, appendix J.

[32]      SA, AS 3786-2014, cl. 5.2.2.

[33]      SA, AS 3786-2014, cl 5.1.6.

[34]      SA, AS 3786-2014, cl. 5.2.3.

[35]      Building (General) Regulation 2008 (ACT), reg. 24(1)(b).

[36]      See, Residential Tenancy Act 1997 (TAS); and Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) regulations 2012 (TAS).

[37]      Building Regulations 2012 (WA), regs 56-59.

[38]      FPA, Submission 18¸p. 26.

[39]      See, Building Act 2004 (ACT), s. 42(1); Building (General) Regulation 2008 (ACT), reg. 24(1)(b); Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW), reg. 186B(1); Development Regulations 2008 (SA), reg. 76B(1); Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) Regulations 2012 (TAS), reg. 6; Building Regulations 2006 (VIC), reg. 707; Building Regulations 2012 (WA), reg. 60(2); Fire and Emergency Services Act 1990 (QLD), s. 104RB(2); and Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13A(3).

[40]      See, Building Act 2004 (ACT), s. 42(1); Building (General) Regulation 2008 (ACT), reg. 24(1)(b); Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13B; Development Regulations 2008 (SA), reg. 76B; Fire and Emergency Services Act 1990 (QLD), s. 104RB; and Building Regulations 2012 (WA), reg. 60(4).

[41]      Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13A(3)

[42]      Building Act 2004 (ACT), s. 42(1); Building (General) Regulation 2008 (ACT), reg. 24(1)(B); Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW), reg. 186B(2); Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13A(3); Fire and Emergency Services Act 1990 (QLD), s. 104RB; Development Regulations 2008 (SA), reg. 76B; Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) Regulations 2012 (TAS), reg. 8; Building Regulations 2006 (VIC), reg. 709; and Building Regulations 2012 (WA), reg. 60(2).

[43]      Building Act 2004 (ACT), s. 42(1); Building (General) Regulation 2008 (ACT), reg. 24(1)(b); Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13B; Fire and Emergency Services Act 1990 (QLD), s. 104RB(2); Development Regulations 2008 (SA), reg. 76B; Building Regulations 2012 (WA), reg. 60; Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW), reg. 186A; and Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) regulations 2012 (TAS), regulations 9-13.

[44]      Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW), reg. 186A; Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13A(1); Fire and Emergency Services Act 1990 (QLD), s. 104RB(1); Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) Regulations 2012 (TAS), regulations 17-19; Building Regulations 2006 (VIC), reg. 707(4), 709(8); Building Regulations 2012 (WA), regulations 56-59; and Development Regulations 2008 (SA), reg. 76B(4).

[45]      Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW), reg. 186C; Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 (NSW), s. 125; Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13G; Fire and Emergency Services Act 1990 (QLD), s. 104RH; Residential Tenancy Act 1997 (SA), s 36F; and Residential Tenancy Act 1997 (TAS), s. 36F(1).

Chapter 2 - Smoke and fire related incidents, deaths, injuries and property damage

[1]        Australasian Fire and Emergency Service Authorities Council (AFAC), Submission 5, p. 2.

[2]        New Zealand Fire Service Commission (NZFSC), Annual Report for the year ended 30 June 2014, available: http://www.fire.org.nz/about-us/publications/annual-reports/Documents/NZFSC_Annual_Report_2014.pdf (accessed 7 March 2016), p. 1.

[3]        Department of Communities and Local Government (UK), Fire Statistics: Great Britain April 2013 to March 2014, available: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/456652/Fire_Statistics_Great_Britain_2013-14___PDF_Version_.pdf (accessed 7 March 2016).

[4]        Department of Communities and Local Government (UK), Fire Statistics: Great Britain April 2013 to March 2014, p. 5.

[5]        Department of Communities and Local Government (UK), Fire Statistics: Great Britain April 2013 to March 2014, p. 5.

[6]        Fire & Rescue NSW (FRNSW), Submission 20, p. 1.

[7]        FRNSW, Annual Report 2013/14, p. 7.

[8]        Queensland Fire and Rescue Service (QFRS), Efficiency Review (June 2008), p. 4.

[9]        South Australian Metropolitan Fire Service (SAMFS), Submission 1, p. 1.

[10]      Tasmania Fire Service (TFS) and State Fire Commission (SFC), Annual Report 2013-14, p, 10.

[11]      Country Fire Association (CFA), Smoke Alarm Campaign Ready to Kick Off (2 March 2016), http://news.cfa.vic.gov.au/news/smoke-alarm-campaign-ready-to-kick-off.html (accessed
8 March 2016).

[12]      Department of Fire and Emergency Services (DFES), Annual Report 2014-15, p. 21.

[13]      Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Housing Stock: Home Fire Safety, http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/2f762f95845417aeca25706c00834efa/1672d6d197020b08ca2570ec000e5353!OpenDocument (accessed 8 March 2016).

[14]      AFAC, Submission 5, p. 2.

[15]      NZFSC, Annual Report for the year ended 30 June 2014, p. 18. 

[16]      NZFSC, Annual Report for the year ended 30 June 2014, p. 18. 

[17]      Department of Communities and Local Government (UK), Fire Statistics: Great Britain April 2013 to March 2014, p. 4.

[18]      Department of Communities and Local Government (UK), Fire Statistics: Great Britain April 2013 to March 2014, p. 4.

[19]      Department of Communities and Local Government (UK), Fire Statistics: Great Britain April 2013 to March 2014, p. 5.

[20]      National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), Fire loss in the United States During 2014, September 2015, available: http://www.nfpa.org/research/reports-and-statistics/fires-in-the-us/overall-fire-problem/fire-loss-in-the-united-states (accessed 8 March 2016), p. 13.

[21]      NFPA, Fire loss in the United States During 2014, September 2015, p. 14.

[22]      NFPA, Fire loss in the United States During 2014, September 2015, p. 15.

[23]      NSW Fire Brigades, Fire Fatalities Report: Study of Fatal Fires in NSW from 2004 to 2008,
p. 2.

[24]      FRNSW, Submission 20, p. 2.

[25]      SAMFS, Submission 1, p. 1.

[26]      TFS, SFC, Annual Report 2013-14, p, 11.P, 10.

[27]      Metropolitan Fire Brigade (VIC) (MFB), Submission 4, p. 3.

[28]      Mr Adam Dalrymple, Assistant Chief Fire Officer, Director of Fire Safety, Metropolitan Fire and Emergency Services Board (VIC), Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, p. 1.

[29]      Fire and Emergency Services Authority of Western Australia (FESAWA), Fatal Fires in Western Australia 2001-2006 (June 2010), p. 4.

[30]      AFAC, Submission 5, p. 2.

[31]      Department of Communities and Local Government (UK), Fire Statistics: Great Britain April 2013 to March 2014, p. 4.

[32]      NFPA, Fire loss in the United States During 2014, September 2015, p. iv.

[33]      FRNSW, Submission 20, p. 1.

[34]      SAMFS, Submission 1, p. 1.

[35]      TFS and SFC, Annual Report 2013-14, p, 10.

[36]      MFB, Submission 4, p. 4.

[37]      AFAC, Submission 5, p. 2.

[38]      TFS and SFC, Annual Report 2013-14, p, 11.

[39]      NZFSC, Annual Report for the year ended 30 June 2014, p. 19.

[40]      Association of British Insurers (ABI), Record rise in the costs of fire damage, 10 December 2009, available: https://www.abi.org.uk/News/News-releases/2009/12/Record-rise-in-the-costs-of-fire-damage (accessed 7 March 2016).

[41]      ABI, Record rise in the costs of fire damage, 10 December 2009.

[42]      ABI, Record rise in the costs of fire damage, 10 December 2009.

[43]      NFPA, Fire loss in the United States, September 2015, p. 39.

[44]      Fire & Rescue NSW (FRNSW), Submission 20, p. 1.

[45]      AFAC, Submission 5, p. 2; Metropolitan Fire and Emergency Services Board (MFB), Submission 4, p. 4.

[46]      MFB, Submission 4, p. 4.

[47]      Commissioner Greg Mullins, President, AFAC, Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, p. 11.

[48]      Canadian Association of Fire Chiefs (CAFC), National Fire Incident Database, available: http://www.cafc.ca/?page=NFID (accessed 8 March 2016).

[49]      CAFC, National Fire Incident Database, available: http://www.cafc.ca/?page=NFID (accessed 8 March 2016).

[50]      CAFC, National Fire Incident Database, available: http://www.cafc.ca/?page=NFID (accessed 8 March 2016).

[51]      The Hon Michael Keenan MP, Minister for Justice, 'New national ballistics system for police to target firearm crime', Media Release, 21 May 2014.

[52]      Mr Lou Naumovski, President, Logan House Fire Support Network (LHFSN), Committee Hansard, 26 October 2015, p. 7.

[53]      Mr Keith Golinski, Committee Hansard, 26 October 2015, p. 21.

[54]      Commissioner Greg Mullins, President, AFAC, Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, p. 2.

[55]      House of Representatives Standing Committee on Health and Ageing, Roundtable Forum on Burns Prevention, 2010, p. 11.

[56]      AFAC, Submission 5, p. 3.

[57]      MFB, Submission 4, p. 5.

[58]      MFB, Submission 4, p. 5.

[59]      Professor Ian Thomas and Emeritus Professor Dorothy Bruck, Submission 17, p. 13.

[60]      Professor Thomas and Professor Bruck, Submission 17, p. 10.

[61]      Professor Thomas and Professor Bruck, Submission 17, p. 10.

[62]      Professor Thomas and Professor Bruck, Submission 17, p. 13.

[63]      MFB, Submission 4, p. 2.

[64]      MFB, Submission 4, p. 3.

[65]      Ms Sarah Saunders, Deputy Chief Executive and General Manager, Public Affairs, National Seniors Australia, Committee Hansard, 26 October 2015, p. 17.

[66]      Ms Suzanne Lawless, Policy Manager, National Seniors Australia, Committee Hansard, 26 October 2015, p. 17.

[67]      MFB, Submission 4, p. 7.

[68]      Emergency Management Victoria (EMV), Submission 6, p. 2.

[69]      Australian Building Codes Board (ABCB), Final Regulation Impact Statement for Decision: Assessment of options for residential smoke alarms provisions in the National Construction Code, October 2012, p. 25.

Chapter 3

[1]        Metropolitan Fire and Emergency Services Board (MFB), Submission 4, p. 6.

[2]        MFB, Submission 4, p. 6.

[3]        South Australian Fire Service (SAFS), Submission 1, p. 2.

[4]        MFB, Submission 4, Attachment 1, Essential Knowledge Basic Home Fire Safety Learning Resource, p. 21.

[5]        Fire Protection Association Australia (FPA), Submission 18, p. 8.

[6]        FPA, Submission 18, p. 8.

[7]        FPA, Submission 18, p. 9.

[8]        Commissioner Greg Mullins, President, Australasian Fire and Emergency Service Authorities Council (AFAC), Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, pp 3-4.

[9]        FPA, Submission 18, p. 9.

[10]      Commissioner Mullins, AFAC, Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, pp 7-8.

[11]      Commissioner Mullins, AFAC, Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, pp 7-8.

[12]      See, SAFS, Submission 1, p. 2; Mr Adrian Butler, Chairman and Co-Founder, The World Fire Safety Foundation (WFSF), Committee Hansard, 26 October 2015, pp 15-16; Logan House Fire Support Network (LHFSN), Submission 25, p. 4; Triple Z Electrical, Submission 23, p. 1; FST, Submission 27, p. 3; Mr Keith Golinski, Committee Hansard, 26 October 2015, p. 24.

[13]      MFB, Submission 4, p. 3.

[14]      Mr Neil Savery, General Manager, Australian Building Codes Board (ABCB), Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, p. 42.

[15]      MFB, Submission 4, Attachment 3, Analysis of Preventable Fire Fatalities of Older People and People with Disabilities: Risk Reduction Advice for the Community Sector, p. 36.

[16]      FRNSW, Submission 20, p. 5.

[17]      Commissioner Mullins, AFAC, Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, p. 4; Mr Louie Naumovski, President, LHFSN, Committee Hansard, 26 October 2015, p. 3; and Mr Butler, WFSF, Committee Hansard, 26 October 2015, p. 12.

[18]      Mr Naumovski, LHFSN, Committee Hansard, 26 October 2015, p. 3.

[19]      Mr Butler, WFSF, Committee Hansard, 26 October 2015, p. 9.

[20]      Commissioner Mullins, AFAC, Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, p. 4.

[21]      Commissioner Mullins, AFAC, Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, p. 3.

[22]      Commissioner Mullins, AFAC, Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, p. 11.

[23]      Mr Matthew Wright, Chief Technical Officer, Deputy Chief Executive Officer, FPA, Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, p. 12.

[24]      Mr Chris Orr, Chair of Technical Committee FP002, Standards Australia (SA), Committee Hansard, 22 February 2016, p. 14.

[25]      Mr Wright, FPA, Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, p. 12.

[26]      Mr Orr, SA, Committee Hansard, 22 February 2016, p. 6.

[27]      Mr Savery, ABCB, Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, p. 41.

[28]      Mr Matthew McDonald, Group Manager, ABCB, Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, p. 46.

[29]      Mr Mark Burgess, Executive Manager of Services, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Committee Hansard, p. 37.

[30]      Mr Burgess, CSIRO, Committee Hansard, p. 37.

[31]      Mr Burgess, CSIRO, Committee Hansard, p. 41.

[32]      Mr Burgess, CSIRO, Committee Hansard, p. 39.

[33]      Mr Burgess, CSIRO, p. 37.

[34]      Mr Naumovski , LHFSN, Committee Hansard, 26 October 2015, p. 5.

[35]      Mr Naumovski, LHFSN, Committee Hansard, 26 October 2015, p. 5.

[36]      Mr Golinski, Committee Hansard, 26 October 2015, p. 23.

[37]      Mr Greg Weller, National Director of Communications, Housing Industry Association (HIA), Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, pp 33-34.

[38]      Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW), reg. 186A(3).

[39]      Queensland Development Code Mandatory Part 2.1 Fire Safety in Budget Accommodation Buildings, p. 7

[40]      Professor Ian Thomas and Professor Dorothy Bruck, Submission 17, p. 11.

[41]      Commissioner Mullins, AFAC, Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, p. 4.

[42]      Mr Wright, FPA, Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, p. 12.

[43]      FPA, Submission 18, p. 20.

[44]      FPA, Submission 18, p. 12.

[45]      ABCB, Final Regulation Impact Statement for Decision: Assessment of options for residential smoke alarm provisions in the National Construction Code, October 2012, p. 11.

[46]      Mr Savery, ABCB, Committee Hansard, 4 December 2015, p. 40.

[47]      ABCB, Final Regulation Impact Statement for Decision: Assessment of options for residential smoke alarm provisions in the National Construction Code, October 2012, p. 11.

[48]      See, Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT); Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) Regulations 2012 (TAS); and Building Regulations 2012 (WA).

[49]      Metropolitan Fire and Emergency Services Board (MFB), Submission 4, Attachments 4-6, Findings into Death Without Inquest, COR 2008/0041 – 0043.

[50]      MFB, Submission 4, Attachments 4-6, Findings into Death Without Inquest, COR 2008/0041 - 0043, p. 11.

[51]      MFB, Submission 4, Attachments 4-6, Findings into Death Without Inquest, COR 2008/0041 - 0043, p. 12.

[52]      MFB, Submission 4, Attachments 4-6, Findings into Death Without Inquest, COR 2008/0041 – 0043, p. 12.

[53]      MFB, Submission 4, Attachments 4-6, Findings into Death Without Inquest, COR 2008/0041 – 0043, p. 13.

[54]      MFB, Submission 4, Attachments 4-6, Findings into Death Without Inquest, COR 2008/0041 – 0043, p. 14.

[55]      MFB, Submission 4, Attachments 4-6, Findings into Death Without Inquest, COR 2008/0041 – 0043, p. 24.

[56]      MFB, Submission 4, Attachments 4-6, Findings into Death Without Inquest, COR 2008/0041 – 0043, p. 24.

[57]      MFB, Submission 4, Attachments 4-6, Findings into Death Without Inquest, COR 2008/0041 – 0043, p. 25.

Appendix 3 - Further smoke alarm requirements for building classes pursuant to the NCC

[1]        Australian Building Codes Board (ABCB), NCC, vol. 2, part 3.7.2.

[2]        ABCB, NCC, vol. 2, part 3.7.2.

[3]        ABCB, NCC, vol. 2, part 3.7.2.

[4]        ABCB, NCC, vol. 2, part 3.7.2.

[5]        ABCB, NCC, vol. 2, part 3.7.2.

[6]        ABCB, NCC, vol. 2, part 3.7.2.

[7]        ABCB, NCC, vol. 2, part 3.7.2.

Appendix 4 - Detailed requirements for smoke alarms in existing buildings (constructed prior to the NCC)

[1]        Building Act 2004 (ACT), s. 42(1); Building (General) Regulation 2008 (ACT), reg. 24(1)(b).

[2]        Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW), reg. 186B(1).

[3]        Development Regulations 2008 (SA), reg. 76B(1).

[4]        Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) Regulations 2012 (TAS), reg. 6.

[5]        Building Regulations 2006 (VIC), reg. 707.

[6]        Building Regulations 2012 (WA), reg. 60(2).

[7]        Fire and Emergency Services Act 1990 (QLD), s. 104RB(2).

[8]        Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13A(3).

[9]        Building Act 2004 (ACT), s. 42(1); Building (General) Regulation 2008 (ACT), reg. 24(1)(b).

[10]      Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13B.

[11]      Development Regulations 2008 (SA), reg. 76B.

[12]      Fire and Emergency Services Act 1990 (QLD), s. 104RB.

[13]      Building Regulations 2012 (WA), reg. 60(4).

[14]      Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13A(3).

[15]      Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) Regulations 2012 (TAS), reg. 7.

[16]      Building Regulations 2006 (VIC), reg. 707; Victorian Building Authority Practice Note
2006-27.

[17]      Building Act 2004 (ACT), s. 42(1); Building (General) Regulation 2008 (ACT), reg. 24(1)(B).

[18]      Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW), reg. 186B(2).

[19]      Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13A(3).

[20]      Fire and Emergency Services Act 1990 (QLD), s. 104RB.

[21]      Development Regulations 2008 (SA), reg. 76B.

[22]      Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) Regulations 2012 (TAS), reg. 8.

[23]      Building Regulations 2006 (VIC), reg. 709.

[24]      Building Regulations 2012 (WA), reg. 60(2).

[25]      Building Act 2004 (ACT), s. 42(1); Building (General) Regulation 2008 (ACT), reg. 24(1)(b).

[26]      Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13B.

[27]      Fire and Emergency Services Act 1990 (QLD), s. 104RB(2).

[28]      Development Regulations 2008 (SA), reg. 76B.

[29]      Building Regulations 2012 (WA), reg. 60.

[30]      Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW), reg. 186A.

[31]      Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) regulations 2012 (TAS), regulations 9-13.

[32]      Queensland Development Code Mandatory Part 2.1 Fire Safety in Budget Accommodation Buildings, p. 7.

[33]      See, Victorian Building Authority Practice Note 2006-27.

[34]      Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW), reg. 186B(1).

[35]      Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13D.

[36]      Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) Regulations 2012 (TAS), regulations 17-19.

[37]      Building Regulations 2012 (WA), reg. 60(2)(c).

[38]      Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW), reg. 186B(5).

[39]      Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13A(2).

[40]      Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) Regulations 2012 (TAS), reg. 6(2).

[41]      Building Regulations 2012 (WA), reg. 60.

[42]      Building Act 2004 (ACT), s. 42(1); Building (General) Regulation 2008 (ACT), reg. 24(1)(b).

[43]      See, Residential Tenancy Act 1997 (TAS); Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) regulations 2012 (TAS).

[44]      Building Regulations 2012 (WA), regulations 56-59.

[45]      Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW), reg. 186A.

[46]      Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13A(1).

[47]      Fire and Emergency Services Act 1990 (QLD), s. 104RB(1).

[48]      Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) Regulations 2012 (TAS), regulations 17-19.

[49]      Building Regulations 2006 (VIC), reg. 707(4), 709(8).

[50]      Building Regulations 2012 (WA), regulations 56-59.

[51]      Development Regulations 2008 (SA), reg. 76B(4).

[52]      Residential Tenancies Act 1997 (ACT), Standard Residential Tenancy Terms, 54(1).

[53]      Residential Tenancies Act 2010 (NSW), s. 62.

[54]      Residential Tenancies Act 1995 (SA), s. 68.

[55]      Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) Regulations 2012 (TAS), regulations 17-19.

[56]      Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) Regulations 2012 (TAS), regulations 22-23.

[57]      Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13D.

[58]      Residential Tenancy (Smoke Alarms) Regulations 2012 (TAS), reg. 17.

[59]      Building Regulations 2012 (WA), reg. 58.

[60]      Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13A(2)(b).

[61]      Development Regulations 2008 (SA), reg. 76B(3).

[62]      Building Regulations 2012 (WA), reg. 56.

[63]      Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13D.

[64]      Building Regulations 2012 (WA), reg. 59.

[65]      Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW), reg. 186B(5).

[66]      Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), regulations 13C-13D.

[67]      Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW), reg. 186C; Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 (NSW), s. 125.

[68]      Fire and Emergency Regulations (NT), reg. 13G.

[69]      Fire and Emergency Services Act 1990 (QLD), s. 104RH.

[70]      Residential Tenancy Act 1997 (SA), s 36F.

[71]      Residential Tenancy Act 1997 (TAS), s. 36F(1).

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