Toxic tide: the threat of marine plastic

20 April 2016

© Commonwealth of Australia 2016
ISBN 978-1-76010-400-9

View the report as a single document - (PDF 1189KB)

View the report as separate downloadable parts:

Committee membership (PDF 22KB)
List of recommendations (PDF 40KB)
List of abbreviations (PDF 10KB)
Chapter 1 - Introduction (PDF 24KB)

Conduct of the inquiry
Structure of the report
Previous inquiries
Note on references

Chapter 2 - Overview of marine plastic pollution (PDF 261KB)

Plastics production
The magnitude of marine plastic pollution
Sources of marine plastic pollution
The products and materials that represent the major sources of marine plastic pollution
The cost of marine plastic pollution
International initiatives on marine pollution
Committee comment

Chapter 3 - The effects of marine plastic pollution (PDF 153KB)

Effects of plastic pollution on marine fauna
Chemical accumulation and plastic-sourced chemicals
Effects of microplastics
Impact on fisheries and shipping
Impact of marine plastic on ecosystems
Committee view

Chapter 4 - Role of the Australian Government in addressing marine plastic pollution (PDF 153KB)

Protection of threatened species and ecosystems
Need for research-based policy
National marine debris database
National waste policy
The need for national leadership
Committee view

Chapter 5 - Strategies for the removal of marine plastic pollution (PDF 99KB)

Clean-up programs
Research developments
Reporting and collection of abandoned, lost and discarded fishing gear
Committee view

Chapter 6 - Source reduction – consumer behaviour and infrastructure (PDF 173KB)

Community awareness and education campaigns
Improvements to infrastructure
Container deposit schemes
Committee view

Chapter 7 - Source reduction – product stewardship and legislative and regulatory frameworks (PDF 143KB)

Product stewardship
Regulatory and legislative changes
Committee view

Chapter 8 - Conclusion and recommendations (PDF 84KB)

The plastic problem
The effects of marine plastic pollution
The role of the Australian Government
Collecting and removing marine plastic pollution
Source reduction – consumer behaviour and infrastructure

APPENDIX 1 - Submissions, additional information, tabled documents and answers to questions on notice (PDF 29KB)

Additional Information
Answers to questions on notice

APPENDIX 2 - Public hearings (PDF 14KB)

Committee Secretariat contact:

Committee Secretary
Senate Standing Committees on Environment and Communications
PO Box 6100
Parliament House
Canberra ACT 2600

Phone: +61 2 6277 3526