Footnotes

Footnotes

Chapter 1 - Introduction and background

[1]        Steering Committee and Task Force, Australian Meat and Livestock Reform for the Future, October 1996, Australian National Audit Office, Restructuring of Meat and Livestock Statutory Organisations, June 1998.

[2]        Australian Bureau of Statistics, Number of businesses with agricultural activity, By industry (a), 2011. 127106.0—Australian Farming in Brief, 2013, http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/7106.0Main+Features22013 (accessed 12 May 2014). 

[3]        Cattle Council of Australia, Submission 14, p. 14; Meat and Livestock Australia, Australia's beef industry, Fast facts, http://www.mla.com.au/Cattle-sheep-and-goat-industries/Industry-overview/Cattle (accessed 12 May 2014).

[4]        AgForce Queensland, Submission 151, pp 1–2; Victorian Farmers Federation, Submission 121, p. [1].

[5]        Cattle Council of Australia, Beef 2015 and Beyond, February 2013, p. 5, http://www.cattlecouncil.com.au/assets/documents/Beef%202015%20and%20beyond.pdf (accessed 6 June 2014).

[6]        Meat and Livestock Australia, Annual Report 2012–13, p. 3.

[7]        Cattle Council of Australia, Beef 2015 and Beyond, February 2013, p. 5, http://www.cattlecouncil.com.au/assets/documents/Beef%202015%20and%20beyond.pdf (accessed 6 June 2014).

[8]        Meat and Livestock Australia, Meat and Livestock Australia, Australia's beef industry, Fast facts.

[9]        Meat and Livestock Australia, The Northern beef report: Northern 2013 situation analysis, April 2014, p. 10.

[10]      PricewaterhouseCoopers, The Australian Beef Industry, From family farm to international markets, 2001, p. 2.

[11]      Queensland Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Evaluating the commercial viability of a northern outback Queensland meat processing facility, 2012, p. i, http://www.northbeef.com.au/downloads/NQ_abattoir-study.pdf (accessed 29 May 2014).

[12]      Queensland Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Evaluating the commercial viability of a northern outback Queensland meat processing facility, 2012, p. i.

[13]      James Nason, 'Cattle Council needs more 'grunt', Senate inquiry told', Beef Central, 8 May 2014, p. 1, www.beefcentral.com/p/news/article/4620 (accessed 15 May 2014).

[14]      James Nason, 'Cattle Council needs more 'grunt', Senate inquiry told', Beef Central, 8 May 2014, p. 1.

[15]      Queensland Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Evaluating the commercial viability of a northern outback Queensland meat processing facility, 2012, p. ii.

[16]      New South Wales Government, Atlas of New South Wales, Agriculture – Livestock, www.atlas.nsw.gov.au/public/nsw/home/topic/article/agriculture-livestock (accessed 20 June 2014).

[17]      Victorian Department of Environment and Primary Industries, Victoria's Beef Cattle Industry, www.depi.vic.gov.au/agriculture-and-food/livestock/beef/victorias-beef-cattle-industry, (accessed 19 June 2014).

[18]      Heytesbury Cattle Company, Submission 145, p. 1.

[19]      Bindaree Beef Australia, Submission 155, p. 2.

Chapter 2 - The basis on which levies are collected and used

[1]        Department of Agriculture, Submission 28, p. 4.

[2]        See below for an explanation of Peak Industry Councils (PICs).

[3]        GICA holds an observer/Associate Member status with RMAC.

[4]        Red Meat Advisory Council, Submission 165, p. 7.

[5]        Mr Andrew Ogilvie, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, pp 35–36.

[6]        Cattle Council of Australia, Submission 142, p. 3.

[7]        Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 28.

[8]        Mr Jed Matz, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 40.

[9]        MLA also provides services to the other PICs, described immediately below.

[10]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, pp 7–8.

[11]      Memorandum of Understanding, 24 April 1998, p. 8.

[12]      Memorandum of Understanding, Clause 5.1: Role and responsibilities of CCA, SCA, ALFA and GICA and their relationship with MLA, p. 8.

[13]      Memorandum of Understanding, Clause 5.3: Role and responsibilities of ALEC and its relationship with Livecorp, p. 9.

[14]      The MOU defines a processor as a proprietor of a processing establishment.

[15]      Australian Meat Processor Corporation, Annual Report 2012–13, p. 6.

[16]      Department of Agriculture, Submission 28, p. 19. It should be noted that under the CCA's new model, it has independent direct membership as well as SFO membership.

[17]      Department of Agriculture, Information on cattle and livestock transaction levy, March 2012, http://www.daff.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/2135582/livestock-cattle-transaction-levy.pdf (accessed 23 January 2014).

[18]      Department of Agriculture, Submission 28, p. 10.

[19]      $0.13 is prescribed for animal health programs including emergency animal disease preparedness, market assurance and biosecurity programs. Animal Health Australia, Submission 115, p. 5.

[20]      Department of Agriculture, Submission 28, p. 4.

[21]      Department of Agriculture, Submission 28, p. 10.

[22]      Department of Agriculture, Submission 28, p. 8.

[23]      Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Levies Revenue Service, Levy Principles and Guidelines, January 2009, http://www.daff.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/253353/levy-principles-guidelines.pdf (accessed 23 January 2014). 

[24]      Department of Agriculture, Submission 28, p. 4.

[25]      Department of Agriculture, Submission 28, p. 16.

[26]      Beef Marketing Funding Committee, Beef Levy Review 2009, p. 9.

[27]      CCA, ALFA, Beef Marketing Funding Committee and MLA, Beef Levy Review 2009–Report to the Minister, p. 3.

[28]      Australian Minister for Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Peter McGauran and Parliamentary Secretary for Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Senator Richard Colbeck, Cattle levy increase approved, Joint Statement, 8 September 2005, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/download/media/pressrel/VG9H6/upload_binary/vg9h63.pdf;fileType=application%2Fpdf#search=%22beef%20levy%20review%22 (accessed 23 January 2014).

[29]      Beef Marketing Funding Committee, Beef levy review 2009, http://www.mla.com.au/About-MLA/Who-we-are/How-MLA-is-funded/Beef-levy-review-2009 (accessed 23 January 2014).

[30]      Beef Marketing Funding Committee, Beef levy review 2009, p. 5.

[31]      Department of Agriculture, Submission 28, p. 9.

[32]      Department of Agriculture, Submission 28, p. 14.

[33]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 27.

[34]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 13.

[35]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 9.

[36]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 10.

[37]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 10.

[38]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 11.

[39]      Department of Agriculture, Submission 28, p. 14.

[40]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 7.

[41]      MLA, Annual Report 2012–13, p. 41, http://www.mla.com.au/About-MLA/Planning-and-reporting/Annual-reporting/Annual-report-2012-13 (accessed 24 January 2014).

[42]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 4.

[43]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 8.

[44]      Department of Agriculture, Submission 28, p. 15.

[45]      Mr Stephen Kelly, Australian Meat Processor Corporation, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 17.

Chapter 3

[1]        Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184; Red Meat Advisory Council, Submission 165; Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154.

[2]        Australian Meat and Livestock Industry Reform Steering Committee and Task Force, Australian Meat and Livestock—Reform for the Future, October 1996.

[3]        Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, pp 12–18.

[4]        Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, p. 17.

[5]        Second reading speech, Australian Meat and Live-stock Industry Bill 1997, House Hansard, 1 October 1997, p. 8846.  

[6]        Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, p. 39.

[7]        Mr Alan Thompson, Department of Agriculture, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 11; Dr Brian Creedy, Richmond River Beef Producers Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 60; Bindaree Beef Australia, Submission 155, p. 4. Vertical integration is defined as an undertaking by a single firm of successive stages in the process of production and supply of a particular good.

[8]        Tasmanian Farmers and Graziers Association, Submission 156, p. 4.

[9]        Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, p. 28.

[10]      Red Meat Advisory Council, Submission 165, pp 12–14.

[11]      Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, p. 9.

[12]      Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, p. 23.

[13]      Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, p. 23.

[14]      Mr J.B. Carpenter, Submission 5, p. [3]; Mr James Ramsay, Submission 8, p. [2]; Mr Ryan and Ms Tracey Hacon, Submission 20, p. [2]; Mr J. Ashley McKay, Submission 99, p. 5.

[15]      Bindaree Beef Australia, Submission 155, p. 8.

[16]      Mr J.B. Carpenter, Submission 5, p. [3]

[17]      Mr J.B. Carpenter, Submission 5, p. [3];  Mr Joe Moore, Submission 18, p. [1]; Australian Beef Association, Submission 164, p. 6.

[18]      Mr David Lind, Australian Meat Processor Corporation, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, pp 13–14.

[19]      Mr J. Ashley McKay, Submission 99, p. 5; Ms Joanne Rea, Submission 138, p. 1; Bindaree Beef Australia, Submission 155, p. 8.

[20]      Mr David Lind, Australian Meat Processor Corporation, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, pp 13–14.

[21]      Mr Stephen Kelly, Australian Meat Processor Corporation, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 15.

[22]      Mr Athol Economou, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 51; Mr Brad Bellinger, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 17.

[23]      Bindaree Beef Australia, Supplementary Submission 155, p.1.

[24]      Mr J.B. Carpenter, Submission 5, p. [3]

[25]      Mr Bradley Bellinger, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 52.

[26]      Mr Peter Hall, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 43.

[27]      Mr Brad Bellinger, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 17.

[28]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 15.

[29]      Beef Marketing Fund Committee 2009 cited in Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 19.

[30]      Bush AgriBusiness Pty Ltd cited in Ms Dixie Nott, Submission 92, p. [3]

[31]      Meat and Livestock Australia, The Northern beef report: Northern 2013 situation analysis, April 2014, p. 66.

[32]      Mr J. Ashley McKay, Submission 99, p. 1.

[33]      Mr Athol Economou, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 49; Australian Beef Association, Submission 164, p. 5.

[34]      Australian Beef Association, Submission 164, p. 5.

[35]      Keough Cattle Company, Submission 124, p. 2.

[36]      Mrs Lasca Greenhill, Submission 104.

[37]      Mr Don, Ms Cathy and Mr Scott Bates, Submission 12; Mr Mike Kena, Submission 16 ; Mr Christopher Walton, Submission 27, p. [1]; Mr Mark Lucas, Submission 91; Ms Rachel Weston, Submission 94; Mr Chris Kirk, Submission 96; Mr J. Ashley McKay, Submission 99, p. 2; Mr Tom and Ms Robyn Aisbett, Submission 100; Mr Peter Mahony, Submission 101; Food Producers Landowners Action Group Australia Inc, Submission 103, p. [2]; Mr David Corr, Submission 105; Mr Viv and Ms Caralyn Caspani, Submission 106, p. [1]; Mr Ken Cameron and Mr Richard Belfield, Submission 109; Ms Tracey and Mr Alan Hewitt, Submission 111; Ms Aneeta Hafemeister, Submission 113, p. [1]; Mr Barry and Ms Marella Green, Submission 118;  Ms Lorraine Rhodes-Roberts and Mr Des Roberts, Submission 122; Mr Richard Phillips, Submission 125;  Mr Ernie and Ms Kylie Camp, Submission 129, p. [3]; Yammatree Family Trust, Submission 133; Councillor Maggie Creedy, Submission 135; Ms Marion Jarratt, Submission 137; Mr Alex Munro, Submission 140, p. [1]; Mr Sergio Beani, Submission 146;  Mr Darryl and Ms Karen Smith, Submission 147;  Mr Jim O'Neill, Submission 148; Mrs Dale Knuth, Submission 152; Mr Gary and Ms Melina Ryan, Submission 158; Dr Brian Creedy, Richmond River Beef Producers Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 60.

[38]      Mr Joe Moore, Submission 18, p. [1].

[39]      Mr David Gregory, Submission 150, p. 3.

[40]      Mr J.B. Carpenter, Submission 5, p. [3]. ABA noted that it was between 25 and 30 per cent. Mr David Byard, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 57.

[41]      Mr J.B. Carpenter, Submission 5, p. [4].

[42]      Mr David Byard, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 57.

[43]      Mr J.B. Carpenter, Submission 5, p. [3].

[44]      Mrs Dale Knuth, Submission 152.

[45]      Mr Peter and Ms Catherine White, Submission 33. This evidence was supported by Mr Rod Barrett, Submission 45, p. [1].

[46]      Mr Rob Atkinson, Submission 35.

[47]      Ms Jacqueline Curley, Submission 42, p. [1].

[48]      Keough Cattle Company, Submission 124, p. 3.

[49]      Mr J. Ashley McKay, Submission 99, p. 1.

[50]      Mr J. Ashley McKay, Submission 99, p. 2.

[51]      Mr Ian and Ms Nina Batt, Submission 141.

[52]      Mr Andrew Ogilvie, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 37.

[53]      Mr Jed Matz, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 37.

[54]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Australia's beef industry, http://www.mla.com.au/Cattle-sheep-and-goat-industries/Industry-overview/Cattle (accessed 29 July 2014).

[55]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, pp 6 and 26. Domestic expenditure on beef in 2010–11 was $6.7 billion. Meat and Livestock Australia, Annual Report 2010–11, p. 12.

[56]      Dr Peter Barnard, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 33.

[57]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Annual Report 2012–13, p. 21. However, Dr Allan informed the committee that MLA invested only $5 million on all marketing in Australia per year. Dr Michele Allan, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 50.

[58]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Annual Report 2011–12, p. 9; Annual Report 2010–11, p. 2.

[59]      Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, p. 38.

[60]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 6.

[61]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 6.

[62]      Dr Michele Allan, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 22.

[63]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 19.

[64]      Mr Geoff Pearson, Western Australian Farmers Federation, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 5.

[65]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 19.

[66]      Mr Geoff Pearson, WA Farmers Federation, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 3.

[67]      Mr Stephen Kelly, Australian Meat Processor Corporation, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 15.

[68]      Mr Sergio Beani, Submission 146.

[69]      Mr J. Ashley McKay, Submission 99, p. 5.

[70]      Mr Wayne and Ms Sandra Birchmore, Submission 7; Mr Michael and Ms Maureen Borello, Submission 26, p. [2]; Mr David Conachan, Submission 127; Mr Ryan and Ms Tracey Hacon, Submission 20, p. [1]; Mr Damien Jensen, Submission 22.

[71]      Mr Rod Dunbar, Submission 107, p. 1.

[72]      Mrs Linda Hewitt, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 13.

[73]      Mr J.B. Carpenter, Submission 5, p. [6]; Richmond River Beef Producers Association, Submission 9, p. [3]; Mr Mike Kena, Submission 16; Mr G Schmidt, Submission 19; Mrs Lasca Greenhill, Submission 104.

[74]      Pastoralists and Graziers Association of WA, Submission 112.

[75]      Dr Peter Barnard, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 34.

[76]      Dr Michele Allan, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 59.

[77]      Archer Consulting, Meat and Livestock Australia 3 Year Review of Performance—Final Report, June 2010, p. 16.

[78]      Mr Alex Munro, Submission 140, p. [3].

[79]      Keough Cattle Company, Submission 124, p. 3; Mrs Dale Knuth, Submission 152.

[80]      Mr James Ramsay, Submission 8; Mr Peter and Ms Catherine White, Submission 33; Ms Jacqueline Curley, Submission 42; Mr Gib and Ms Sue Muller, Submission 128.

[81]      Mr Ernest and Mrs Kylie Camp, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 28.

[82]      Victorian Farmers Federation, Submission 121, p. [2].

[83]      Dr Michele Allan, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 22.

[84]      Dr Michele Allan, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 22.

[85]      Dr Peter Barnard, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 32.

Chapter 4

[1]        Mr David Pietsch, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 24.

[2]        Dr Peter Barnard, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, pp 30–31. These contributions together with the government contribution of $39 million, $9 million in private investment and $10.07 million 'others' make up the outstanding amount.

[3]        Meat and Livestock Australia, Annual Report 2008–09, p.12, http://www.mla.com.au/CustomControls/PaymentGateway/ViewFile.aspx?DzPGHp5ainem5G12zOhGHBZ7A7TxZzRZWqW1hM2uU5vtaknVw60N7Uhl2fUA8HEi3EYMKKAfsht7d1Tnt3BqiA== (accessed 22 May 2014).

[4]        Meat and Livestock Australia, Annual Report 2010–11, p. 31, http://www.beefcentral.com/u/lib/cms/mla296-mla-ar-2011-lr-v2.pdf (accessed 22 May 2014).

[5]        During this period, producer levies made up 58 per cent of the MLA's total revenue for 2012–12 of which the $54.2 million revenue from the grass-fed cattle levy comprised the substantial bulk. Meat and Livestock Australia, Annual Report 2012–13, p. 8, http://www.mla.com.au/About-MLA/Planning-and-reporting/Annual-reporting/Annual-report-2012-13 (accessed 22 May 2014).

[6]        Richmond River Beef Producers Association, Submission 9, p. [2]; Mr Ernie and Ms Kylie Camp, Submission 129, p. [2].

[7]        Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, p. 19.

[8]        Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, p. 19.

[9]        Ms Dixie Nott, Submission 92, p. [4]; Mr Doug O'Neill and Ms Zoe O'Neill, Submission 95.

[10]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 43.

[11]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 9.

[12]      Estimate provided by MLA. Archer Consulting, Meat and Livestock Australia 3 Year Review of Performance—Final Report, June 2010, p. 38.

[13]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Annual Report 2005–06, pp 3 & 45.

[14]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 24.

[15]      Beef Levy Review 2009 Report to the Minister, CCA, ALFA, BMFC and MLA, p. 3, www.mla.com.au/files/f29cf47c.../BLRfinalreportfortheminister (accessed 22 May 2014).

[16]      Mr Brad Bellinger, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 21; Dr Michele Allen, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 44.

[17]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Answer to question on notice at 20 June 2014 hearing; Mr Brad Bellinger, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 23.

[18]      Mr Brad Bellinger, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 23.

[19]      The Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (2007 Measures No 1) Act 2007 removes the term 'memorandum and articles of association' in section 61(2)(b) and substitutes 'constitution' to reflect the term used in the Corporations Act 2001.

[20]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 8.

[21]      Mr Colin and Ms Jocelyn Gordon, Submission 23.

[22]      Mr Colin and Ms Jocelyn Gordon, Submission 23; Ms Jacqueline Curley, Submission 42, p. [3]; Mr John Carter, Submission 93, p. [1]; Mrs Kylie Camp, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 32.

[23]      Mr Derek Schoen, NSW Farmers' Association, Committee Hansard, 10 June 2014, p. 14.

[24]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 44.

[25]      Mr David Pietsch, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 28.

[26]      Mr David Pietsch, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 24.

[27]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 46; Archer Consulting, Meat and Livestock Australia 3 Year Review of Performance—Final Report, June 2010, p. 36.

[28]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 46; Archer Consulting, Meat and Livestock Australia 3 Year Review of Performance—Final Report, June 2010, p. 37.

[29]      Archer Consulting, Meat and Livestock Australia 3 Year Review of Performance—Final Report, June 2010, p. 37.

[30]      The committee comprised MLA, AMIC, Australian Livestock and Property Agents Association, ALFA, SCA, CCA and GICA. Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 46.

[31]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 46.

[32]      Mr Edgar Burnett, Submission 108, p. [3].

[33]      Mrs Linda Hewitt, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 14.

[34]      Cattle Council of Australia, Answer to question on notice taken at 20 June 2014 hearing.

[35]      United Stockowners of Australia, A Model for the Restructure of the Grass Fed Cattle production sector and for the facilitation and Introduction of a Trading Entity Identification scheme or device, June 2012, http://unitedstockowners.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Proposed-Restructure.USA_.17.02.2014.pdf (accessed 15 July 2014). National Grower Register, http://www.ngr.com.au/Site/index.php/about/faq/ (accessed 15 July 2014).

[36]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 44.

[37]      Mr Peter Joliffe, Submission 153; Mr Vince Ptolemy, Submission 14, p. 3; Mr Sergio Beani, Submission 146; Mr B.A. and D.E. Miller, Submission 25, p. [1]; Mr Michael and Ms Maureen Borello, Submission 26, p. [2]; Richmond River Beef Producers Association, Submission 9, p.[1]; Mr Ryan and Ms Tracey Hacon, Submission 20, p. [1]; Mr Mal and Ms Anne Peters, Submission 181; Ms Rachel Weston, Submission 94, p. [1]; Mr Tom and Ms Robyn Aisbett, Submission 100; Mr Graeme Acton, Submission 116; Ms Thelma and Mr Brendan Seed, Submission 149.

[38]      Peter Weekes, 'Top dog ruling our beef industry', Northern Star, 30 March 2011 available as AMPG/CCP, Submission 184, Attachment 1.

[39]      Mr Damien Jensen, Submission 22; Mr Mike and Ms Maureen Borello, Submission 26.

[40]      Mr David Gregory, Submission 150, p. 4.

[41]      Mr Greg Brown, Submission 123, p. 2.

[42]      Mr Howard Smith, AgForce, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2014, p. 6.

[43]      Mr David Pietsch, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 24.

[44]      Mrs Jo-Anne Bloomfield, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, pp 15–16.

[45]      Mr Norman Hunt, Concerned Cattle Producers; and Australian Meat Producers Group Committee Hansard, 10 June 2013, p. 27.

[46]      Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, p. 19.

[47]      Mr J. Ashley McKay, Submission 99, p. 4; Mr Bradley Bellinger, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 53; Mr Jed Matz, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 28; Mr J. Ashley McKay, Submission 99, p. 4; Ms Joanne Rea, Property Rights Council, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2014, p. 13; Mrs Rachel Weston, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2014, p. 45; Mrs Kylie Camp, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 29; Richmond River Beef Producers, Submission 9, p. 3.

[48]      Cattle Council of Australia, Answer to question on notice taken from 20 June 2014 hearing.

[49]      Mr J. Ashley McKay, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2014, p. 63.

[50]      Mr Brad Bellinger, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 20.

[51]      Mr Robert Wass, United Stockowners of Australia, Committee Hansard, 10 June 2014, p. 32; Mrs Linda Hewitt, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 14.

[52]      United Stockowners of Australia, Submission 182, p. 6.

[53]      Department of Agriculture, Information on Cattle and Livestock Transaction Levy, http://www.daff.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/2135582/cattle-livestock-levy.pdf (accessed 10 April 2014).

[54]      Department of Agriculture, Information on Cattle and Livestock Transaction Levy; Mr Robert Wass, United Stockowners of Australia, Committee Hansard, 10 June 2014, p. 32.

[55]      Department of Agriculture, Submission 28, p. 13.

[56]      Mr George Scott, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 28.

[57]      Paragraph 2.6(b)(9) of the Meat and Livestock Australia Articles of Association.

[58]      Department of Agriculture, Submission 28, p. 13.

[59]      Food Producers Landowners Action Group Australia Inc., Submission 103, p. [2]; Mr Robert Wass, United Stockowners of Australia, Committee Hansard, 10 June 2014, p. 32.

[60]      Ms Jo-Anne Bloomfield, Submission 102, p. [2].

[61]      Mr Ernie and Ms Kylie Camp, Submission 129, pp [1–2].

[62]      Mr Tom Stockwell, Northern Territory Cattlemen's Association, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 3.

[63]      Mr John Michelmore, United Stockowners of Australia, Committee Hansard, 10 June 2014, p. 30.

[64]      Mr Malcolm and Ms Colleen Reid, Submission 179; Mrs Rachel Weston, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2014, p. 46; Mr Rod Barrett, Submission 45, p. [1].

[65]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 36.

[66]      Mrs Rachel Weston, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2014, p. 45.

[67]      Mr Ronald and Ms Gabriele Bown, Submission 178.

[68]      Mr Greg Brown, Committee Hansard, 21 May 214, p. 32.

[69]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 41.

[70]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee, The Australian meat industry consultative structure and quota allocation—Second report: Existing government advisory structures in the Australian meat industry, December 2002, p. 23.

[71]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee, The Australian meat industry consultative structure and quota allocation—Second report: Existing government advisory structures in the Australian meat industry, December 2002, p. 12.

[72]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee, The Australian meat industry consultative structure and quota allocation—Second report: Existing government advisory structures in the Australian meat industry, December 2002, p. 23.

[73]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee, The Australian meat industry consultative structure and quota allocation—Second report: Existing government advisory structures in the Australian meat industry, December 2002, p. 23.

[74]      Government Response to           Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee, The Australian meat industry consultative structure and quota allocation—Second report: Existing government advisory structures in the Australian meat industry, p. 4.

[75]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 41.

[76]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 41.

[77]      Dr Michele Allan, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 39.

[78]      Dr Michele Allan, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 53.

[79]      Mrs Rachel Weston, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2014, p. 45.

[80]      Richmond River Beef Producers Association, Submission 9, p. [1].

[81]      Dr Brian Creedy, Richmond River Beef Producers Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 61.

[82]      Mr Derek Schoen, NSW Farmers' Association, Committee Hansard, 10 June 2014, p. 14.

[83]      Mr Brad Bellinger, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 23.

[84]      Mr Vince Ptolemy, Submission 14, p. 3; Ms Juliane Cowan, Submission 15, p. [1]; Mr Christopher Walton, Submission 27, p. [1]; Mr Philip and Tania Curr, Submission 31, p. [1]; Ms Sue Campbell, Submission 37; Ms Jacqueline Curley, Submission 42, p. [3]; Ms Dixie Nott, Submission 92, p.[3]; Mr Markus Rathsmann, Submission 97, pp [2–3]; Mr J. Ashley McKay, Submission 99, p. 3; Mr Peter Mahony, Submission 101; Mr Rod Dunbar, Submission 107, p. 9; Mr Barry and Ms Marella Green, Submission 118; Mr Gordon and Ms Gwen Moore, Submission 119; Mr Ernie and Kylie Camp, Submission 129, p.[3]; Mr G and Mrs R Gibbins, Submission 136; Mr Darryl and Ms Karen Smith, Submission 147; Mr Jim O'Neill, Submission 148; Mr Gary and Ms Melina Ryan, Submission 158; Mr Ian and Ms Judy Duly, Submission 163; Ms Emma Robinson, Submission 176, p. [1].

[85]      Mr Ryan and Ms Tracey Hacon, Submission 20, p. [1].

[86]      Mr Andrew Ogilvie, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 44.

[87]      Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, p. 11.

[88]      Ms Juliane Cowan, Submission 15, pp [1–2].

[89]      Mr Ryan and Ms Tracey Hacon, Submission 20, p. [1].

[90]      Mr Peter Mahony, Submission 101.

[91]      Mr B and A McCullough, Submission 29; Mr RI and DA McCullough, Submission 30;

[92]      Mr David Pietsch, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 27.

[93]      Mr Mark Driscoll, Concerned Cattle Producers, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2014, p. 38.

[94]      Mr J.B. Carpenter, Submission 5, p. [6]; Ms Juliane Cowan, Submission 15, p. [1]; Mr Mike Kena, Submission 16; Mr Ryan and Tracey Hacon, Submission 20, p. [1]; Mr Rob Moore, Submission 32, p. [1]; Mr Markus Rathsmann, Submission 97, p. [2]; Mrs Lasca Greenhill, Submission 104; Ms Tracey and Mr Alan Hewitt, Submission 111; Mr Michael and Ms Gaylene Reardon, Submission 132, p. 1; Mr Peter and Ms Catherine White, Submission 33; Mr Ian Tincknell, Submission 34, p. [1].

[95]      Ms Jo-Anne Bloomfield, Submission 102, p. [3].

[96]      Mr Norman Hunt, AMPG/CCP, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 25.

[97]      Mr Stephen Kelly, Australian Meat Processor Corporation, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, pp 18–19; Dr Peter Barnard, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 31.                                                                                                                

[98]      Second reading speech, Australian Meat and Live-stock Industry Bill 1997, House Hansard, 1 October 1997, p. 8848. 

[99]      Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, p. 13.

[100]    Mr Rod Dunbar, Submission 107, p. 4.

[101]    Australian Meat Processor Corporation, Submission to Productivity Commission, June 2010, Submission 111, p. 17.

[102]    Ms Lucinda Corrigan, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 47.

[103]    Mr Ernie and Ms Kylie Camp, Submission 129, p. [1]; Mrs Kylie Camp, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 32.

[104]    Dr Michele Allan, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 27.

[105]    Mr James Ramsay, Submission 7, p. [2].

[106]    Mr Greg Northover, Submission 2, p. [7];  Mr J.B. Carpenter, Submission 5, p. [2].

[107]    Mr James Ramsay, Submission 8, p. [2].

[108]    Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, p. 20.

[109]    Mr Alex Munro, Submission 140, p. [3].

[110]    Mr Howard Smith, AgForce, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2014, p. 4.

[111]    Mr Ronald and Ms Gabriele Bown, Submission 178; Mr Malcolm and Ms Colleen Reid, Submission 179;

[112]    Mr Norman Hunt, Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Committee Hansard, 10 June 2014, p. 25

[113]    Australian Meat Processor Corporation, Submission to Productivity Commission Review of Rural Research and Development Organisations, June 2010, p. 52. http://www.pc.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/99422/sub111.pdf (accessed

[114]    Mrs Linda Hewitt, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 13.

[115]    Mr Rod Dunbar, Submission 107, p. 9.

Chapter 5

[1]        Ms Tracey Hayes, Northern Territory Cattlemen's Association, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 1.

[2]        Tasmanian Farmers and Graziers Association, Submission 156, p. 9.

[3]        Cattle Council of Australia, Submission 142, p. 19.

[4]        Mr Markus Rathsman, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 21; Mrs Kylie Camp, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 31 .

[5]        Heytesbury Cattle Company, Submission 145, p. 2.

[6]        Heytesbury Cattle Company, Submission 145, p. 2.

[7]        Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, pp 17–19.

[8]        Tasmanian Farmers and Graziers Association, Submission 156, p. 9.

[9]        Cattle Council of Australia, Supplementary Submission 142, Appendix 1; Mr Jed Matz, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 39.

[10]      Red Meat Advisory Council, Submission 165, p. 9.

[11]      Mr David Byard, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 52.

[12]      Cattle Council of Australia, Supplementary Submission 142, p. [3].

[13]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 37; Dr Michele Allan, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 25.

[14]      For example, Mr Markus Rathsmann stated that CCA cannot provide proper oversight of R&D and the MLA if it is dependent on the MLA for its funding. Submission 97, p. [3].

[15]      Bindaree Beef Australia, Submission 155, p. 11.

[16]      Cattle Council of Australia, Submission 142, p. 17.

[17]      Mr Jed Matz, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 39.

[18]      Cattle Council of Australia, Submission 142, p. 14.

[19]      Cattle Council of Australia, Supplementary Submission 142, p. [4]; Mr Jed Matz, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, pp 37–40.

[20]      Mr Jed Matz, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 37.

[21]      Bindaree Beef Australia, Submission 155, p. 11.

[22]      Cattle Council of Australia, Submission 142, p. 8.

[23]      Mr Greg Brown, Submission 123, p. 3.

[24]      Mr Jed Matz, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 37.

[25]      Cattle Council of Australia, Submission 142, pp 12–13.

[26]      Inovact Consulting, Strengthening policy services in the grass-fed cattle industry, Report for the Cattle Council of Australia, 8 October 2012, p. 48 available in Cattle Council of Australia, Submission 142, Attachment 1. 

[27]      Mr Jed Matz, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 40.

[28]      Mr Andrew Ogilvie, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 42.

[29]      Mr Andrew Ogilvie, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 43.

[30]      Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, p. 11.

[31]      Mr Norman Hunt, Concerned Cattle Producers and Australian Meat Producers Group, Committee Hansard, 10 June 2014, p. 25.

[32]      Mr Andrew Ogilvie, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 36; Mr Jed Matz, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 32.

[33]      Mr Angus Atkinson, Submission 159.

[34]      Bindaree Beef Australia, Submission 155, p. 4.; Mr J.B. Carpenter, Submission 5, p.[9]; Richmond River Beef Producers Association, Submission 9, p. [1].

[35]      Mr Ernie and Mrs Kylie Camp, Submission 129, p. [4]; Mr J. Ashley McKay, Submission 99, p. 3; Mr J.B. Carpenter, Submission 5, p. [9]; Mr Rod Barrett, Submission 45, p. [2].

[36]      Richmond River Beef Producers Association, Submission 9, p. [1]; Councillor Maggie Creedy, Submission 135; Mr Peter Joliffe, Submission 153; Mr J.B. Carpenter, Submission 5, p. [9]; Mr Rod Barrett, Submission 45, p. [2]; Mr Wayne and Ms Sandra Birchmore, Submission 7; Ms Joanne Rea, Submission 138, p. 2.

[37]      Mr Ian Tincknell, Submission 34, p. [1].

[38]      Inovact Consulting, Strengthening policy services in the grass-fed cattle industry, Report for the Cattle Council of Australia, 8 October 2012, p. 48 available in Cattle Council of Australia, Submission 142, Attachment 1. 

[39]      Food Producers Landowners Action Group Australia Inc., Submission 102, p. [2].

[40]      Heytesbury Cattle Company, Submission 145, p. 1.

[41]      Cattle Council of Australia, Submission 142, p. 9.

[42]      Bindaree Beef Australia, Submission 155, p. 12.

[43]      Bindaree Beef Australia, Submission 155, p. 12.

[44]      Australian Lot Feeders' Association, Submission 6, pp. [1] & [7].

[45]      Cattle Council of Australia, Submission 142, p. 4.

[46]      Second reading speech, Australian Meat and Live-stock Industry Bill 1997, House Hansard, 1 October 1997, p. 8848.

[47]      Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, p. 13.

[48]      Ms Tracey Hayes, Northern Territory Cattlemen's Association, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 1.

[49]      Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, p. 22.

[50]      Second reading speech, Australian Meat and Live-stock Industry Bill 1997, House Hansard, 1 October 1997, p. 8848.  

[51]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee, The Australian meat industry consultative structure and quota allocation. Second report: Existing government advisory structures in the Australian meat industry, December 2002, p. 21.           

[52]      Government Response to Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee, The Australian meat industry consultative structure and quota allocation. Second report: Existing government advisory structures in the Australian meat industry, p. 3.

[53]      Red Meat Advisory Council, Submission 165, p. 8.

[54]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee, The Australian meat industry consultative structure and quota allocation. Second report: Existing government advisory structures in the Australian meat industry, December 2002, Recommendations 5 and 6, p. 23.

[55]      Government Response to Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee, The Australian meat industry consultative structure and quota allocation. Second report: Existing government advisory structures in the Australian meat industry, p. 4.

[56]      Cattle Council of Australia, Submission 142, p. 4.

[57]      Cattle Council of Australia, Submission 142, p. 4.

[58]      Mr David Warriner, Northern Territory Cattlemen's Association, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 1.

[59]      Cattle Council of Australia, Submission 142, p. 1.

[60]      Mr John Andison, Submission 1; Richmond River Beef Producers Association, Submission 9; Mr Vince Ptolemy, Submission 14; Mr Mike Kena, Submission 16; Mr G Schmidt, Submission 19; Mr Ryan and Ms Tracey Hacon, Submission 20; Mr R Prestage, Submission 21; Mr Colin and Ms Jocelyn Gordon, Submission 23; Mr Scott and Ms Ronda Conkey, Submission 24; Mr Mike and Ms Maureen Borello, Submission 26; Ms Rachel Weston, Submission 94; Mr David Conachan, Submission 127;  Mr J. Ashley McKay, Submission 99, p. 3; Food Producers Landowners Action Group Australia Inc., Submission 103, p. [2]; Mr Edgar Burnett, Submission 108, p. [2].

[61]      Australian Beef Association, Submission 164, p. 9.

[62]      Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, pp 13–14.

[63]      Mr Andrew Ogilvie, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 26.

[64]      Mr Malcolm Foster, Australian Registered Cattle Breeders' Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 45; Mr Tom Stockwell, Northern Territory Cattlemen's Association, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 2.

[65]      Mr Greg McNamara, Submission 98; Mr John Paine, Submission 125, p. 1.

[66]      Mr Andrew Ogilvie, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 26.

[67]      Mr Howard Smith, AgForce Queensland, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2014, p. 1; NSW Farmers' Association, Submission 168, p. 2.

[68]      Mr Malcolm Foster, Australian Registered Cattle Breeders' Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 45.

[69]      Tasmanian Farmers and Graziers Association, Submission 156, p. 5.

[70]      Mr Malcolm Foster, Australian Registered Cattle Breeders' Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 45.

[71]      Mr Malcolm Foster, Australian Registered Cattle Breeders' Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, pp 45–46.

[72]      Mr Malcolm Foster, Australian Registered Cattle Breeders' Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 47.

[73]      Mr Rod Dunbar, Submission 107, p. 6.

[74]      Mr Michael and Ms Gaylene Reardon, Submission 132, p. [2]; Mr David Conachan, Submission 127.

[75]      Mr David Byard, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 20 June 2014, p. 18.

[76]      Australian Beef Association, Submission 164, p. 9.

[77]      Australians Beef Association, Roma Resolutions, http://austbeef.com.au/goals-history/ (accessed 13 July 2014); HuntBlog Newsletter 23 July 2013, Beef Industry Forum and the Roma–Beef the Future Forum, http://www.huntblog.com.au/2013/07/beef-industry-reform-and-roma-beef_22.html (accessed 13 July 2014).

[78]      Mr Greg Varcoe, Submission 13; Mr J. Ashley McKay, Submission 99; Food Producers Landowners Action Group Australia Inc., Submission 103; Mr John Webster, Submission 110; Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, pp 39–40.

[79]      Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, pp 39–40.

[80]      Mr Greg Varcoe, Submission 13; Food Producers Landowners Action Group, Submission 103.

[81]      Australian Pork Limited, About us, http://australianpork.com.au/about-us/australian-pork-limited/ (accessed 15 July 2014).

[82]      Australian Pork Limited, Company Structure, http://australianpork.com.au/about-us/company-structure/ (accessed 15 July 2014).

[83]      Agreement between the Commonwealth of Australia and Australian Pork Limited, http://australianpork.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Statutory-Funding-Agreement-SFA-202011-15.pdf (accessed 15 July 2014).

[84]      Australian Wool Innovation Limited, Woolpoll, http://www.wool.com/mp/about-AWI/how-we-consult/woolpoll (accessed 15 July 2014).

Chapter 6

[1]        Explanatory Memorandum, Australian Meat and Live-stock Industry Act 1997: Declaration of MLA Donor Company Limited As Approved Donor.

[2]        Department of Agriculture Submission to Productivity Commission inquiry into the Australian Government Rural and Research and Development Corporations Model, August 2010, p. 26, http://www.pc.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0018/100683/sub156.pdf (accessed 10 June 2014).

[3]        Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Legislation Amendment (2007 Measures No 1) Act 2007.

[4]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee, Provisions of the Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Legislation Amendment Bill (No.2) 2004, September 2004, p.12; Ms Trysh Stone, Department of Agriculture, Committee Hansard, 23 June 2014, p. 20; Department of Agriculture, Submission 28, p. 15.

[5]        Australian Meat Processor Corporation, AMPC/Member – Plant Initiated Projects, http://www.ampc.com.au/pdfs/PIP5050.pdf (accessed 30 June 2014).

[6]        Stuart Washington, 'A beef about beef: R&D lost in a dust storm', Sydney Morning Herald, 27 June 2011, http://www.smh.com.au/business/a-beef-about-beef-rampd-lost-in-a-dust-storm-20110626-1glm7.html (accessed 2 June 2014).

[7]        Meat and Livestock Australia, Annual Report 2011–12, p. 41.

[8]        Stuart Washington, 'A beef about beef: R&D lost in a dust storm', Sydney Morning Herald, 27 June 2011.

[9]        Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission to Productivity Commission Inquiry into Research and Development Corporations, August 2010, http://www.pc.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0015/101049/sub158.pdf (accessed 2 June 2014).

[10]      Kelly Burke, 'New crisis as meat industry split by demand for inquiry into grants', Sydney Morning Herald, 10 June 2011, http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/new-crisis-as-meat-industry-split-by-demand-for-inquiry-into-grants-20110609-1fv7a.html (accessed 10 June 2014); Amos Aikman and Anthony Klan, 'Meat research payouts not shown in reports', The Australian, 27 June 2011, http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/meat-research-payouts-not-shown-in-reports/story-fn59niix-1226082395567 (accessed 10 June 2014).

[11]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee, Supplementary Budget Estimates 2010, Answer to question on notice, APD/MLA 05, p.5, http://www.aph.gov.au/~/media/Estimates/Live/rat_ctte/estimates/sup_1011/daff/mla.ashx (accessed 10 June 2014).

[12]      Australian Meat Processor Corporation, Submission to Productivity Commission Review of Rural Research and Development Organisations, June 2010, p. 52, http://www.pc.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/99422/sub111.pdf (accessed 10 June 2014).

[13]      Productivity Commission, Rural Research and Development Corporations, Recommendation 7.1, June 2011, p. xl.

[14]      Productivity Commission, Rural Research and Development Corporations, June 2011, Recommendation 10.3, p. 274.

[15]      Productivity Commission, Rural Research and Development Corporations, June 2011 p.xxxiii, http://www.pc.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/110010/13-rural-research-chapter10.pdf (accessed 2 June 2014).

[16]      Mr Geoff Pearson, Meat Council Representative, Western Australian Farmers Federation, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 1.

[17]      NSW Farmers' Association, Submission 168, p. 6.

[18]      Australian Registered Cattle Breeders Association, Submission 10, p. [2]; NSW Farmers' Association, Submission 168, p. 6.

[19]      Animal Health Australia, Submission 115, p. 10.

[20]      NSW Farmers' Association, Submission 168, p. 6.

[21]      Under a government directive, the CDCF is required to be maintained at $20 million plus or minus 10 per cent, except in the event of a major disease event.

[22]      Animal Health Australia, Submission 115, p. 12.

[23]      Mr Matthew Koval, Department of Agriculture, Committee Hansard, 23 June 2014, p. 14.

[24]      Mr Jed Matz, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 41.

[25]      Cattle Council of Australia, Supplementary Submission 142, p. [3].

[26]      Cattle Council of Australia, Supplementary Submission 142, p. [3].

[27]      Australian Lot Feeders' Association, Submission 6, p. [2]; Mr Malcolm Foster, Australian Registered Cattle Breeders' Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 46; Animal Health Australia, Submission 115, p 12; Cattle Council of Australia, Submission 142, p. 4.

[28]      Australian Registered Cattle Breeders Association, Submission 10, p. [2].

[29]      Mr John Andison, Submission 1, p. [1]; David Byard and Linda Hewitt, 'ABA's "Beef – The Future" Forum', Australian Beef Association, 14 July 2013, http://austbeef.com.au/2013/07/14/abas-beef-the-future-forum/ (accessed 23 January 2014).

[30]      David Byard and Linda Hewitt, 'ABA's "Beef – The Future" Forum', Australian Beef Association, 14 July 2013, http://austbeef.com.au/2013/07/14/abas-beef-the-future-forum/ (accessed 23 January 2014).

[31]      Mr J. Ashley McKay, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2014, p. 63.

[32]      Mrs Jo-Anne Bloomfield, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 19.

[33]      Ms Joanne Rea, Submission 138, p. 3.

[34]      Ms Joanne Rea, Property Rights Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2014, p. 9,

[35]      Mr Stephen Kelly, Australian Meat Processor Corporation, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 14.

[36]      United Stockowners Australia, Submission 179, p. 2; Ms Joanne Rea, Property Rights Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2014, p. 9; Mr J. Ashley McKay, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2014, p. 63.

[37]      Mr John Carter, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p .71.

[38]      United States Department of Agriculture, Packers and Stockyards Program, http://www.gipsa.usda.gov/psp.html (accessed 15 July 2014).

[39]      Section 211. Purpose, Livestock Mandatory Price Reporting Act 1999.

[40]      Ms Joanne Rea, Property Rights Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2014, p. 9.

[41]      United Stockowners Australia, Submission 179, p. 19;

[42]      Mr John Carter, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 71.

[43]      Mr J. Ashley McKay, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2014, p. 63.

[44]      Mr Rob Moore, Submission 32; Mr Rob Moore, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2014, p. 47.

[45]      Dr Peter Barnard, MLA, Estimates Hansard, 28 May 2014, p. 115.

Chapter 7

[1]        Mr Gary and Ms Melina Ryan, Submission 158.

[2]        Mr Alan Thompson, Department of Agriculture, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 9; Mr Stephen Kelly, Australian Meat Processor Corporation, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 15;  Dr Michele Allan, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 22; Mrs Linda Hewitt, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p.56; Richmond River Beef Producers Association, Submission 9, p. [2]; AgForce Queensland, Submission 151, p. 2; Tasmanian Farmers and Graziers Association, Submission 156, p. 12.

[3]        Mr Alan Thompson, Department of Agriculture, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 9.

[4]        Bindaree Beef Australia, Submission 155, p. 6.

[5]        Bindaree Beef Australia, Submission 155, p. 2.

[6]        Bindaree Beef Australia, Submission 155, p. 6.

[7]        Heytesbury Cattle Company, Submission 145, p. 2.

[8]        Mr Ryan and Ms Tracey Hacon, Submission 20, p. [1]; Bindaree Beef Australia, Submission 155, p. 2.

[9]        Mr Bernie and Ms Kathy Day, Submission 11.

[10]      Mr John Carter, Submission 93, p. [3]; Mr Ernie and Mrs Kylie Camp, Submission 129, p. [2]; Ms Joanne Rea, Submission 138, p. 9; Mr Athol Economou, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 55.

[11]      Bindaree Beef Association, Submission 155, p. 4.

[12]      Professor Timothy Reeves et al, Meat and Livestock Australia/ Livestock Production Innovation: Review of Systems and Processes for Research and Development Investment, June 2013, pp 4–5.

[13]      Dr Peter Barnard, MLA, Estimates Hansard, 28 May 2014, pp 114–115.

[14]      Mrs Jo-Anne Bloomfield, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 15; Mrs Kylie Camp, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 30.

[15]      Richmond River Beef Association, Submission 9, p. 3.

[16]      Tasmanian Farmers and Graziers Association, Submission 156, p. 4.

[17]      Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, p. 38.

[18]      Mr James Ramsay, Submission 8, p. [2]; Mr Scott and Ms Rhonda Conkey, Submission 24, p. [2]; Mr Rob Moore, Submission 32, p. [1]; Mr David Conachan, Submission 127; Mr J. Ashley McKay, Submission 99, p. 3; Food Producers Landowners Action Group Australia Inc., Submission 103, p. [2]; Mr Edgar Burnett, Submission 108, p. [2].

[19]      Mr John Carter, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, pp 70–71.

[20]      The 2013 and 2012 AWI AGM were broadcast live via webcast. The initiative by AWI enables AWI shareholders unable to attend the AGM in person to view AGM proceedings. AWI shareholders also had the opportunity to submit questions online to the AWI Chairman and CEO to be answered at the AGM. Australian Wool Innovation Limited, AGM 2013, http://www.wool.com/HK/about-AWI/shareholder-information/annual-general-meetings/agm-2013 (accessed 11 July 2014).

Dissenting Report – Senator the Hon Ian Macdonald

[1]        Australian Meat Producers Group and Concerned Cattle Producers, Submission 184, pp 12–18.

[2]        Pastoralists and Graziers Association of WA, Submission 112; Tasmanian Farmers and Graziers Association, Submission 156.

[3]        AgForce Queensland, Submission 151; Northern Territory Cattlemen's Association, Submission 185.

[4]        Meat and Livestock Australia, Submission 154, p. 28.

[5]        Mr Jed Matz, Cattle Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 March 2014, p. 37.