Footnotes

Chapter 1 - Introduction and background to the inquiry

[1]        Journals of the Senate, No. 74, 4 December 2014, p. 1989.

[2]        Journals of the Senate, No. 7, 15 September 2016, p. 225.

[3]        Journals of the Senate, No. 15, 10 November 2016, p. 451.

[4]        Journals of the Senate, No. 23, 1 December 2016, p. 753.

[5]        See www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Rural_and_Regional_Affairs
_and_Transport
.

[6]        Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, p. ix.

[7]        Most notably through the Aviation Transport Security Act 2004 and Aviation Transport Security Regulations 2005.

[8]        Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, International Civil Aviation Organisation, https://infrastructure.gov.au/aviation/international/icao/ (accessed 13 December 2016).

[9]        Australian Government, Aviation Safety Regulation Review, May 2014, p. 117.

[10]      Aviation Transport Security Act 2004, https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/C2016C01100

[11]      Aviation Transport Security Regulations 2005, https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/F2016C01035

[12]      Aviation Transport Security Act 2004, division 2, s. 3(2).

[13]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Submission 3, pp. 5-6; Australian Airports Association, Submission 17, p. 4. See also Aviation Transport Security Regulations 2005, division 2.3.

[14]      Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics, Airport Traffic Data 1986‑2016, https://bitre.gov.au/publications/ongoing/airport_traffic_data.aspx (accessed 7 March 2017).

[15]      ACIL Allen Consulting, Regional Airport Infrastructure Study: Economic Contribution and Challenges of Regional Airports in Australia, September 2016, p. 3. 

[16]      Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics, Statistic Report: Domestic aviation activity 2015‑16, 2016, p. 1.

[17]      Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics, Statistic Report: International airline activity 2015‑16, 2016, p. 8.

[18]      Minister for Infrastructure and Transport, the Hon Darren Chester MP, 'Australia and China agree open aviation market', Media Release DC209/2016, 4 December 2016.

[19]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Submission 3, p. 11.

[20]      Australian Security Intelligence Organisation, Submission 10, p. 2.

[21]      Chris Johnston, 'The weapons Australians tried to smuggle through domestic airports this year', Sydney Morning Herald, 13 December 2016, http://www.smh.com.au/national/the-weapons-australians-tried-to-smuggle-through-domestic-airports-this-year-20161212-gt9lo0.html (accessed 16 December 2016).

[22]      Renee Viellaris, 'Organised crime, terrorism seek to infiltrate Australian airports', The Courier‑Mail, 12 December 2016, http://www.heraldsun.com.au/travel/news/organised-crime-
terrorism-seek-to-infiltrate-australian-airports/news-story/b1bada45a9048508bc14dc
47273e7752
(accessed 13 December 2016).

[23]      Emily Baker, 'Australian Federal Police seize 168 weapons from Canberra Airport', Canberra Times, 19 December 2016, http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/australian-federal-police-seize-168-weapons-from-canberra-airport-20161212-gt9c84.html (accessed 19 December 2016).

[24]      Chris Johnston, 'The weapons Australians tried to smuggle through domestic airports this year', Sydney Morning Herald, 13 December 2016, http://www.smh.com.au/national/the-weapons-australians-tried-to-smuggle-through-domestic-airports-this-year-20161212-gt9lo0.html (accessed 16 December 2016).

[25]      Mr Bryan Seymour, Submission 1 (Attachment 1), pp. 18-58.

[26]      This issue is discussed further at chapter 4 of this report. See ''Credit card knives' found at our airports' http.au.news.yahoo.com/video/watch/32995538/credit-card-knives-found-at-our-airports/ (accessed 26 October 2016).

[27]      Australian National Audit Office, Passenger Security Screening at Domestic Airports, Report No. 5 2016-17, 31 August 2016, https://www.anao.gov.au/work/performance-audit/passenger-security-screening-domestic-airports.

[28]      Mr Allan Kessing, private capacity, Committee Hansard, 24 November 2016, pp. 2-4.

[29]      The 2009 Beale Review.

[30]      2011 Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement report into aviation and maritime security measures.

[31]      Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, Australian Government, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, September 2005, pp. xvii-xx.

Chapter 2 - Overview of reports and reforms in aviation security

[1]        Mr Allan Kessing, private capacity, Committee Hansard, 24 November 2016, p. 2. The ASIC scheme is discussed further in chapter 5.

[2]        Tim Prenzler, Candice Lowden and Rick Sarre, 'Aviation Security Issues in Australia Post‑9/11', Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism, Volume 5, Number 2, 2010, p. 12.

[3]        Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, p. 26.

[4]        Australian National Audit Office, Aviation Security in Australia: Department of Transport and Regional Services, 2003, p. 12.

[5]        Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, p. 26. Other reviews and research are detailed in the Wheeler Review as well as the ongoing work of the Australian Crime Commission into criminality and policing at Australian airports.

[6]        Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, p. 1.

[7]        Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, p. xi.

[8]        Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, p. 27.

[9]        Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, p. 33.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

[10]      Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, p. xv.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

[11]      Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, p. 5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

[12]      Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, p. 35.

[13]      Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, pp. 20-21.

[14]      Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, p. xi.

[15]      Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, p. 33.

[16]      Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, p. 77.

[17]      Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, p. 77.

[18]      Parliamentary Joint Committee on Public Accounts and Audit, Developments in aviation security since the Committee's June 2004 Report 400: an interim report, November 2005.

[19]      Parliamentary Joint Committee on Public Accounts and Audit, Developments in aviation security since the Committee's June 2004 Report 400: an interim report, November 2005.

[20]      'PM Pledges $200m airport security upgrade', Sydney Morning Herald, 21 September 2005.

[21]      Australian National Audit Office, ANAO Audit Report No. 23 2013–14, Policing at Australian International Airports, March 2014, pp. 14-15. 

[22]      Aviation Transport Security Amendment Act 2006.

[23]      Aviation Transport Security Amendment Act 2006. See also, Parliamentary Library, Bills Digest No. 157, 2005–06 – Aviation Transport Security Amendment Bill 2006, http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Bills_Legislation/bd/
bd0506/06bd157
.

[24]      Immigration and Border Protection Portfolio, Submission 19, pp. 6-9.

[25]      Australian Security Intelligence Organisation, Submission 10, pp. 4-5.

[26]      W. Fisher cited in Tim Prenzler, Candice Lowden and Rick Sarre, 'Aviation Security Issues in Australia Post-9/11', Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism, Volume 5, Number 2, 2010, p. 14.

[27]      Mr Roger Beale AO, New Realities: National Policing in the 21st Century. Federal Audit of Policing Capabilities, The Allen Consulting Group, 30 June 2009, pp. 11­-12 and pp. 30-31, https://www.ag.gov.au/Publications/Documents/FederalAuditofPoliceCapabilities/Federal%20Audit%20of%20Police%20Capabilities.pdf (accessed 1 December 2016).

[28]      AUSPOL, Australian Federal Police Association, Issue 2/2011, p. 8.  https://www.afpa.org.au
/sites/default/files/publications/900.pdf
(accessed 1 February 2017).

[29]      Australian National Audit Office, ANAO Audit Report No. 23 2013–14, Policing at Australian International Airports, March 2014, p. 15.

[30]      Australian Federal Police, Submission 16, p. 3.

[31]      Australian Federal Police, Submission 16, p. 3.

[32]      Security staff and airport security screening processes are discussed further in chapter 3.

[33]      Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government, National aviation policy white paper: flight path to the future, Aviation White Paper, 2009, p. 138.

[34]      Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet, Counter-Terrorism White Paper: Securing Australia. Protecting Our Community, 2010, p. iii.

[35]      Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement, Inquiry into the adequacy of aviation and maritime security measures to combat serious and organised crime, June 2011, p. 24.

[36]      Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement, Inquiry into the adequacy of aviation and maritime security measures to combat serious and organised crime, June 2011, p. 35.

[37]      Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement, Inquiry into the adequacy of aviation and maritime security measures to combat serious and organised crime, June 2011, pp. 36-38.

[38]      Australian Government Response to the Report of the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement: Inquiry into the Adequacy of Aviation and Maritime Security Measures to Combat Serious and Organised Crime, September 2011, pp. 5-6.

[39]      Australian National Audit Office, ANAO Audit Report No. 23 2013–14, Policing at Australian International Airports, March 2014, pp. 16, 25.

[40]      Australian National Audit Office, ANAO Audit Report No. 23 2013–14, Policing at Australian International Airports, March 2014, p. 25.

[41]      Australian Federal Police, Submission 16, p. 8.

[42]      Explanatory Memorandum, Transport Security Legislation Amendment Bill 2016.

[43]      Minister for Infrastructure and Transport, the Hon Darren Chester MP, 'New measures to strengthen airport security', Media release DC206/2016, 1 December 2016, http://minister.infrastructure.gov.au/chester/releases/2016/December/dc206_2016.aspx (accessed 13 December 2016).

[44]      Minister for Infrastructure and Transport, the Hon Darren Chester MP, Second Reading Speech, House of Representatives Hansard, 1 December 2016, p. 51385, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/download/chamber/hansardr/b564519e-8c2b-4dbf-a1e8-8c9334a04537/toc_pdf/House%20of%20Representatives_2016_12_01_4632_Official.pdf;fileType=application%2Fpdf (accessed 13 December 2016).

[45]      Minister for Infrastructure and Transport, the Hon Darren Chester MP, 'New measures to strengthen airport security', Media release DC206/2016, 1 December 2016.

[46]      Mr Robin Darroch, Submission 2, p. 2.

[47]      Regional Aviation Association of Australia, Submission 9, p. 3.

[48]      Regional Express Holdings Ltd, Submission 11, p. 2.

[49]      Australian Airports Association, Submission 17, pp. 1, 5.

[50]      Board of Airline Representatives of Australia, Submission 5, pp. 1-2.

[51]      David Forsyth AM, Don Spruston and Roger Whitefield, Aviation Safety Regulation Review, May 2014, p. 120, https://infrastructure.gov.au/aviation/asrr/files/ASRR_Report_May_2014
.pdf
.

[52]      David Forsyth AM, Don Spruston and Roger Whitefield, Aviation Safety Regulation Review, May 2014, pp. 1-2,  https://infrastructure.gov.au/aviation/asrr/files/ASRR_Report_May_2014.
pdf
.

Chapter 3 - Passenger security screening at airports and airport staff security vulnerabilities

[1]        Australian National Audit Office, ANAO Report No. 5. 2016–17, Passenger Screening at Domestic Airports, August 2016, p. 16.

[2]        Aviation Transport Security Act 2004, division 2.

[3]        Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Submission 3, p. 7.

[4]        Aviation Transport Security Act 2004, s. 94.

[5]        United Voice, Submission 18, p. 5.

[6]        United Voice, Submission 18, p. 5.

[7]        Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, answers to questions taken on notice on 6 February 2015, pp. 1-4.

[8]        United Voice, Submission 18, pp. 5-6.

[9]        United Voice, Submission 18, pp. 5-6.

[10]      United Voice, Submission 18, pp. 5-6.

[11]      Qantas Airways Limited, Submission 14, pp. 6-7.

[12]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Submission 3, p. 5.

[13]      United Voice, Submission 18, pp. 7-10.

[14]      United Voice, Submission 18, p. 7.

[15]      United Voice, Submission 18, p. 8.

[16]      United Voice, Submission 18, pp. 7-10.

[17]      United Voice, Submission 18, p. 9.

[18]      United Voice, Submission 18, p. 10.

[19]      Australia Pacific Airports (Melbourne) Pty Ltd, Submission 8, pp. 5-6.

[20]      Australian and International Pilots Association, Submission 6, pp. 5, 6.

[21]      Australian and International Pilots Association, Submission 6, pp. 4, 6.

[22]      United Voice, Submission 18, p. 3.

[23]      Minister for Infrastructure and Transport, the Hon Darren Chester MP, 'New measures to strengthen airport security', Media Release DC206/2016, 1 December 2016.

[24]      Australian and International Pilots Association, Submission 6, pp. 5, 6.

[25]      Mr Allan Kessing, Submission 21, p. 4.

[26]      Australian Security Industry Association Limited, Submission 13, pp. 2-3.

[27]      Australian Security Industry Association Limited, Submission 13, p. 5.

[28]      National LGBTI Health Alliance, Submission 20.

[29]      Office of the Inspector of Transport Security, Submission 15, p. 2.

[30]      Office of the Inspector of Transport Security, Submission 15, p. 3.

[31]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Inquiry into Aviation and Maritime Transport Security Education and Training in Australia, 29 March 2016, https://infrastructure.
gov.au/security/its/inquiry.aspx
(accessed 30 January 2017).

[32]      Office of the Inspector of Transport Security, Submission 15, p. 3; Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Inquiry into Aviation and Maritime Transport Security Education and Training in Australia, 29 March 2016.

[33]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Inquiry into Aviation and Maritime Transport Security Education and Training in Australia, 29 March 2016, https://infrastructure.
gov.au/security/its/inquiry.aspx
(accessed 30 January 2017).

[34]      Regional Aviation Association of Australia, Submission 9, pp. 3-4.

[35]      Regional Express Holding Ltd, Submission 11, p. 2.

[36]      Australian Security Industry Association Limited, Submission 13, p. 2.

[37]      Australian Security Industry Association Limited, Submission 13, p. 3.

[38]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Submission 3, p. 9.

[39]      Australian National Audit Office, ANAO Report No. 5. 2016–17, Passenger Screening at Domestic Airports, August 2016, p. 7.

[40]      Australian National Audit Office, ANAO Report No. 5. 2016–17, Passenger Screening at Domestic Airports, August 2016, p. 19.

[41]      Australian National Audit Office, ANAO Report No. 5. 2016–17, Passenger Screening at Domestic Airports, August 2016, pp. 10-11.

[42]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Estimates Hansard, 22 November 2016, pp. 26-29.

[43]      Mr Allan Kessing, Submission 21, p. 1.

[44]      Heavily redacted versions of these reports were published in 2013 by the Department of Immigration and Border Protection, subsequent to a Freedom of Information request.

[45]      Australian Customs Service, Threat Assessment of Sydney Airport Screening Personnel, 2002, p. 4.  

[46]      Allan Kessing, 'My side of the story', Crikey Online available at www.crikey.com.au/
2009/09/14/allan-kessing-my-side-of-the-story/
(accessed 24 October 2016).

[47]      Australian Customs Service, Threat Assessment of Sydney Airport Screening Personnel, 2002, p. 11. 

[48]      Australian Customs Service, Threat Assessment of Sydney Airport Screening Personnel, 2002, p. 7. 

[49]      Australian Customs Service, Threat Assessment of Sydney Airport Screening Personnel, 2002, pp. 14-15. 

[50]      Geoffrey Thomas, 'Airport weapon seizures soar', The West Australian, 25 October 2016, https://au.news.yahoo.com/video/watch/32995538/credit-card-knives-found-at-our-airports/?cmp=st (accessed 6 December 2016).

[51]      Australian Customs Service, Sydney Airport Air Border Security: Risk Analysis, 2003, pp. 1-2.

[52]      Australian Customs Service, Sydney Airport Air Border Security: Risk Analysis, 2003, pp. 12‑61.

[53]      Australian Customs Service, Sydney Airport Air Border Security: Risk Analysis, 2003, pp. 29, 62.

[54]      Australian Customs Service, Sydney Airport Air Border Security: Risk Analysis, 2003, p. 18.

[55]      Australian Customs Service, Sydney Airport Air Border Security: Risk Analysis, 2003, pp. 8, 10.

[56]      Australian Customs Service, Sydney Airport Air Border Security: Risk Analysis, 2003, p. 63.

[57]      Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, p. 78.

[58]      Mr Allan Kessing, Submission 21, p. 1.

[59]      Mr Allan Kessing, Submission 21, p. 1.

[60]      Mr Allan Kessing, Submission 21, pp. 2-3.

[61]      Mr Allan Kessing, Submission 21, p. 4.

[62]      Mr Allan Kessing, Submission 21, p. 3.

[63]      Mr Allan Kessing, private capacity, Committee Hansard, 24 November 2016, p. 6.

[64]      Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement, Inquiry into the adequacy of aviation and maritime security measures to combat serious and organised crime, Recommendation 2, June 2011, p. 38.

[65]      Australian Government Response to the Report of the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement, September 2011, p. 5.

[66]      Australian Government Response to the Report of the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement, September 2011, p. 6.

[67]      Ms Pauline Sullivan, Office of Transport Security, Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 66.

Chapter 4 - Mandatory and voluntary reporting

[1]        These documents were provided to the committee as an attachment to the submission by Mr Bryan Seymour, Submission 1, p. 1.

[2]        The sterile area of an airport means any area beyond passenger screening. See Aviation Transport Security Regulations 2005, s. 3.20.

[3]        Mr Bryan Seymour, Submission 1, Attachment 1, pp. 4, 18-58.

[4]        See ''Credit card knives' found at our airports', Yahoo News, 24 October 2016, https://au.news.yahoo.com/video/watch/32995538/credit-card-knives-found-at-our-airports/?cmp=st (accessed 26 October 2016).

[5]        Geoffrey Thomas, 'Airport weapon seizures soar', The West Australian, 25 October 2016, https://thewest.com.au/news/wa/airport-weapon-seizures-soar-ng-ya-121528  (accessed 6 December 2016).

[6]        In Western Australia credit card knives do not meet the criteria of a disguised weapon; see 6PR Interview with Nicole Young, 'WA's hidden knife loophole', 6PR News Talk, 8 November 2016, http://www.6pr.com.au/news/was-hidden-knife-loophole-20161108-gsky0u.html (accessed 6 December 2016).

[7]        See ''Credit card knives' found at our airports', Yahoo News, 24 October 2016.  

[8]        Emily Baker, 'Australian Federal Police seize 168 weapons from Canberra Airport', Canberra Times, 19 December 2016, http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/australian-federal-police-seize-168-weapons-from-canberra-airport-20161212-gt9c84.html (accessed 19 December 2016).

[9]        Australian Airports Association, Submission 17, p. 5.

[10]      Australian Security Industry Association, Submission 13, p. 6.

[11]      Mr Robin Darroch, private capacity, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 26.

[12]      Captain Dick MacKerras, Australian and International Pilots Association, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 46.

[13]      Australian and International Pilots Association, Submission 6, p. 3.

[14]      Australian and International Pilots Association, Submission 6, p. 2.

[15]      Australian Pacific Airports (Melbourne) Pty Ltd, Submission 8, p. 7.

[16]      Australian and International Pilots Association, Submission 6, p. 2.

[17]      Ms Sachi Wimmer, Office of Transport Security, Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 68.

[18]      Ms Sachi Wimmer, Office of Transport Security, Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 68.

[19]      Australian Airports Association, Submission 17, pp. 6-7.

[20]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Submission 3, p. 10.

[21]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Submission 3, p. 7.

[22]      Australian Federal Police, Submission 16, p. 7.

[23]      Mr Simon Bourke, Australian Airports Association, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 18.

[24]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Submission 3, p. 10.

[25]      Mr Bryan Seymour, Seven Network, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 2.

[26]      Ms Sachi Wimmer, Office of Transport Security, Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 64.

[27]      Aviation Transport Security Act 2004 s. 10.

[28]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, answers to questions taken on notice on 6 February 2015 (received 15 February 2015), p. 10.

[29]      Ms Sachi Wimmer, Office of Transport Security, Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 64.

[30]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, answers to questions on notice 6 February 2015 (received 15 February 2015), p. 2.

[31]      Mr Gary Bowden, Australian Airports Association, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, pp. 13-14.

[32]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development answers to questions on notice 6 February 2015 (received 15 February 2015), p. 10.

[33]      Mr Robin Darroch, Submission 2, p. 3.

[34]      Mr Bryan Seymour, Seven Network, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 1.

[35]      Mr Bryan Seymour provided this review decision to the committee as part of his submission. See Submission 1, Attachment 1 (FOI 14-90 – internal review – signed decision - Redacted), p. 70.

[36]      Ms Sachi Wimmer, Office of Transport Security, Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 64.

[37]      Ms Sachi Wimmer, Office of Transport Security, Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 71.

[38]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development answers to questions on notice 6 February 2015 (received 15 February 2015), p. 10; see also Ms Sachi Wimmer, Office of Transport Security, correspondence responding to the committee's request for further information, received 15 February 2016, p. 1.

[39]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, answers to questions on notice 6 February 2015 (received 15 February 2015), p. 10.

[40]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, answers to questions on notice 6 February 2015 (received 15 February 2015), p. 10.

[41]      Correspondence from Ms Sachi Wimmer, Office of Transport Security responding to the committee's request for further information, received 15 February 2016, p. 1.

[42]      Correspondence from Ms Sachi Wimmer, Office of Transport Security responding to the committee's request for further information, received 15 February 2016, p. 2.

[43]      Ms Sachi Wimmer, Office of Transport Security, correspondence responding to the committee's request for further information, received 15 February 2016, p. 1.

[44]      Australia Pacific Airports (Melbourne) Pty Ltd, answers to questions on notice 6 February 2015, pp. 3-4.

[45]      Mr Stephen Prowse, Regional Airports Security Committee, AAA Board Director, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 17.

[46]      Australian Airports Association, answers to questions on notice 6 February 2015 (received 20 February 2015), pp. 2-3.

[47]      Australian Airports Association, answers to questions on notice 6 February 2015 (received 20 February 2015), p. 3.

[48]      Commander Michael Chew, Australian Federal Police, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 56.

[49]      Captain Dick MacKerras, Australian and International Pilots Association, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 46.

Chapter 5 - Aviation Security Identification Cards (ASIC) and Visitor Identification Cards (VIC)

[1]        Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Aviation security identification, October 2016, https://infrastructure.gov.au/security/identity/aviation-security-information
/index.aspx#anc_asic
(accessed 20 January 2017).

[2]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee, Transport Security Amendment (Serious or Organised Crime) Bill 2016 [Provisions], April 2016, p. 2.

[3]        David Forsyth AM, Don Spruston and Roger Whitefield, Aviation Safety Regulation Review, May 2014, p. 118.

[4]        A list of issuing bodies is available at: https://infrastructure.gov.au/security/identity/aviation-security-information/asic-issuing-bodies.aspx.

[5]        Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Applying for an aviation security identification card (ASIC), November 2016, https://infrastructure.gov.au/security/identity/
aviation-security-information/applying-for-an-asic.aspx
(accessed 23 January 2017).

[6]        Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Applying for an aviation security identification card (ASIC), 10 February 2017, https://infrastructure.gov.au/security/identity/
aviation-security-information/applying-for-an-asic.aspx
(accessed 2 March 2017) and Discretionary aviation security identification cards (ASICS): Frequently asked questions, 11 December 2015, https://infrastructure.gov.au/security/identity/aviation-security-information/faq-asic.aspx (accessed 2 March 2017)

[7]        Aviation Transport Security Regulations 2005, s. 6.01.

[8]        Aviation Transport Security Regulations 2005, part 6, ss. 6.03, 6.36 and 6.38.

[9]        Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, p. xiii.

[10]      Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, Recommendation X, p. xix.

[11]      David Forsyth AM, Don Spruston and Roger Whitefield, Aviation Safety Regulation Review, May 2014, p. 118.

[12]      Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government, National aviation policy white paper: flight path to the future, Aviation White Paper, 2009, p. 22

[13]      Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government, National aviation policy white paper: flight path to the future, Aviation White Paper, 2009, p. 143.

[14]      Australian National Audit Office, Performance Audit Report No. 39 2010–11, Management of the Aviation and Maritime Security Identification Card Schemes, pp. 24-25.

[15]      Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement, Inquiry into the adequacy of aviation and maritime security measures to combat serious and organised crime, June 2011, pp. 1-2.

[16]      Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement, Inquiry into the adequacy of aviation and maritime security measures to combat serious and organised crime, Recommendation 14, June 2011, p. 93.

[17]      Government Response to the Report of the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement: Inquiry into the adequacy of aviation and maritime security measures to combat serious and organised crime, September 2011, p. 11.

[18]      Government Response to the Report of the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement: Inquiry into the adequacy of aviation and maritime security measures to combat serious and organised crime, September 2011, p. 12.

[19]      Prime Minister and Cabinet, Final Report of the National Ice Taskforce, 2015, p. 139.

[20]      Prime Minister and Cabinet, Final Report of the National Ice Taskforce, 2015, p. 139.

[21]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Identity security amendments,  October 2016, https://infrastructure.gov.au/security/identity/Identity-security-regulatory-amendments.aspx

[22]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, ASIC issuing body – Role-specific white ASIC, Factsheet 2 – Identity Security Amendments, 1 November 2016, https://
infrastructure.gov.au/security/files/ASIC_issuing_body-Role-specific_white_ASIC.pdf
(accessed 20 January 2017).

[23]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Identity security amendments,  October 2016, https://infrastructure.gov.au/security/identity/Identity-security-regulatory-amendments.aspx

[24]      Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement, Inquiry into the Adequacy of Aviation and Maritime Security Measures to Combat Serious and Organised Crime, June 2011, p. 83.

[25]      David Forsyth AM, Don Spruston and Roger Whitefield, Aviation Safety Regulation Review, May 2014, p. 117.

[26]      Immigration and Border Protection Portfolio, Submission 19, p. 6.

[27]      The Hon Darren Chester MP, Airport security oped, 'Tougher border worker checks needed', Daily Telegraph, 1 March 2017, http://minister.infrastructure.gov.au/chester
/opinion/2017/dco_002_2017.aspx
(accessed 2 March 2017).

[28]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Proposed new eligibility criteria for the ASIC and MSIC schemes, 14 February 2017, https://infrastructure.gov.au/security/news/
20160211-asic-msic.aspx
(accessed 2 March 2017).

[29]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Proposed new eligibility criteria for the ASIC and MSIC schemes, 14 February 2017.

[30]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Proposed new eligibility criteria for the ASIC and MSIC schemes, 14 February 2017.

[31]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee, Transport Security Amendment (Serious or Organised Crime) Bill 2016 [Provisions], Additional comments, April 2016, p. 15.

[32]      Australian Government response to the Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee report: The Transport Security Amendment (Serious or Organised Crime) Bill 2016, p. 3.

[33]      Aviation Transport Security Regulations 2005, s. 6.41.

[34]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Proposed new eligibility criteria for the ASIC and MSIC schemes, 14 February 2017, https://infrastructure.gov.au/security/news/
20160211-asic-msic.aspx
(accessed 2 March 2017).

[35]      Australian Security Industry Association Limited, Submission 13, p. 4.

[36]      Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement, Inquiry into the adequacy of aviation and maritime security measures to combat serious and organised crime, June 2011, pp. 105-106.

[37]      Government Response to the Report of the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement: Inquiry into the adequacy of aviation and maritime security measures to combat serious and organised crime, September 2011, p. 13.

[38]      Ms Sachi Wimmer, Office of Transport Security, Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 64.

[39]      Ms Kerri Hartland, Australian Security Intelligence Organisation, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 59.

[40]      Mr Bryan Seymour, Submission 1, p. 11.

[41]      Mr Allan Kessing, Submission 21, p. 4; Mr Allan Kessing, private capacity, Committee Hansard, 24 November 2016, p. 3.

[42]      Mr Allan Kessing, private capacity, Committee Hansard, 24 November 2016, p. 3.

[43]      Rt. Hon Sir John Wheeler, An Independent Review of Airport Security and Policing for the Government of Australia, Australian Government, September 2005, p. xiii.

[44]      David Forsyth AM, Don Spruston and Roger Whitefield, Aviation Safety Regulation Review, May 2014, https://infrastructure.gov.au/aviation/asrr/files/ASRR_Report_May_2014.pdf, p. 119.

[45]      David Forsyth AM, Don Spruston and Roger Whitefield, Aviation Safety Regulation Review, May 2014, p. 119. See also Mr Richard Rudd, Submission 7, p. 1.

[46]      David Forsyth AM, Don Spruston and Roger Whitefield, Aviation Safety Regulation Review, May 2014, p. 119.

[47]      David Forsyth AM, Don Spruston and Roger Whitefield, Aviation Safety Regulation Review, May 2014, https://infrastructure.gov.au/aviation/asrr/files/ASRR_Report_May_2014.pdf, p. 119; Australian Government, The Aviation Safety Regulation Review Report – Government Response, December 2014, p. 44.

[48]      Aviation Transport Security Regulations 2005, Part 6, Division 6.5, s. 6.38 and 6.38D.

[49]      Aviation Transport Security Regulations 2005, Part 3, Division 3.1, s. 3.09.

[50]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Information for visitors to secure areas of airports, December 2015, https://infrastructure.gov.au/security/identity/aviation-security-information/visitor-secure-area-airport.aspx (accessed 2 February 2017).

[51]      Aviation Transport Security Regulations 2005, Part 6, Division 6.5, s.  6.38E.

[52]      'Information for visitors to secure areas of airports', Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, December 2015, https://infrastructure.gov.au/security/identity/aviation-security-information/visitor-secure-area-airport.aspx (accessed 2 February 2017).

[53]      Aviation Transport Security Regulations 2005, Part 6, Division 6.5, s. 6.40.

[54]      'Visitor identification card (VIC) enhancements', Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, https://infrastructure.gov.au/security/files/Visitor_identification_card_VIC_
enhancements.pdf
(accessed 23 January 2017).

[55]      Visitor Identification Card Enhancements Post Implementation Review, Maritime, Identity and Surface Security, Office of Transport Security, 2014, p. 4.

[56]      Visitor Identification Card Enhancements Post Implementation Review, Maritime, Identity and Surface Security, Office of Transport Security, 2014, p. 8.

[57]      Visitor Identification Card Enhancements Post Implementation Review, Maritime, Identity and Surface Security, Office of Transport Security, 2014, pp. 8-9.

[58]      Visitor Identification Card Enhancements Post Implementation Review, Maritime, Identity and Surface Security, Office of Transport Security, 2014, p. 4.

[59]      Visitor Identification Card Enhancements Post Implementation Review, Maritime, Identity and Surface Security, Office of Transport Security, 2014, p. 10.

[60]      Visitor Identification Card Enhancements Post Implementation Review, Maritime, Identity and Surface Security, Office of Transport Security, 2014, p. 12.

[61]      Correspondence from Ms Sachi Wimmer, Office of Transport Security responding to the committee's request for further information, received 15 February 2016, p. 3.

[62]      United Voice, Submission 18, pp. 10-11.

[63]      Visitor Identification Card Enhancements Post Implementation Review, Maritime, Identity and Surface Security, Office of Transport Security, 2014, p. 13.

[64]      Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement, Inquiry into the adequacy of aviation and maritime security measures to combat serious and organised crime, June 2011, p. 35.

[65]      Ms Sachi Wimmer, Office of Transport Security, Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 65.

[66]      Mr Steve Dreezer, Office of Transport Security, Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, p. 65.

[67]      Ms Pauline Sullivan, Office of Transport Security, Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Committee Hansard, 6 February 2015, pp. 66-67.

[68]      Visitor Identification Card Enhancements Post Implementation Review, Maritime, Identity and Surface Security, Office of Transport Security, 2014, pp. 7-8.

[69]      See for example Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement, Inquiry into the adequacy of aviation and maritime security measures to combat serious and organised crime, June 2011, Recommendation 22, pp. 111-114.

Chapter 6 - The future of aviation security

[1]        Transport Security Outlook to 2025, Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, August 2014, https://infrastructure.gov.au/security/files/Transport_Security_Outlook_to_
2025.pdf
, (accessed 1 February 2017), p. 4.

[2]        Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Submission 3, pp. 4, 11.

[3]        The Hon Darren Chester MP, 'General Aviation Advisory Group takes flight', Media Release DC030/2017, 17 February 2017.

[4]        Paul Cleary, 'New advisory group to steer aviation sector: Chester', The Australian, 17 February 2017, http://www.theaustralian.com.au/business/aviation/new-advisory-group-to-steer-aviation-sector-chester/news-story/d8e9403c347af433034dd88a0bfbb6b2 (accessed 20 February 2017).

[5]        Australian Airports Association, Submission 17, pp. 8, 9.

[6]        Australian Airports Association, Submission 17, p. 9.

[7]        Qantas Airways Limited, Submission 14, p. 3.

[8]        Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Submission 3, pp. 1, 2.

[9]        Australian and International Pilots Association, Submission 6, pp. 3-4.

[10]      Visitor Identification Card Enhancements Post Implementation Review, Maritime, Identity and Surface Security, Office of Transport Security, 2014, p. 7.

[11]      Visitor Identification Card Enhancements Post Implementation Review, Maritime, Identity and Surface Security, Office of Transport Security, 2014, p. 8.

[12]      Australian and International Pilots Association, Submission 6, p. 6.

[13]      'Government to develop new security training program for regional airports',  Australian Aviation, October 26 2015, http://australianaviation.com.au/2015/10/government-to-develop-new-security-training-program-for-regional-airports/ (accessed 1 March 2017).

[14]      'Government to develop new security training program for regional airports',  Australian Aviation, October 26 2015.

[15]      Australia Pacific Airports (Melbourne) Pty Ltd, Submission 8, p. 5.

[16]      Lisa Allen, 'Tourism chief Margy Osmond says airport queues hurt image', The Australian, 28 November 2016 at http://www.theaustralian.com.au/business/tourism-chief-margy-osmond-says-airport-queues-hurt-image/news-story/b596a6e1f81d367e8ea4406c50c0e3ce (accessed 30 November 2016).

[17]      Dr John Coyne, 'Weakest link in airport security exposed again', Sydney Morning Herald, 29 June 2016, http://www.smh.com.au/comment/airport-security-will-need-to-be-tightened-after-ataturk-attack-20160629-gpubzo.html (accessed 13 December 2016).

[18]      Dr John Coyne, 'Weakest link in airport security exposed again', Sydney Morning Herald, 29 June 2016.

[19]      Australian Security Intelligence Organisation, Submission 10, p. 3.

[20]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Submission 3, p. 9.

[21]      Dr John Coyne, 'Weakest link in airport security exposed again', Sydney Morning Herald, 29 June 2016.

[22]      Australian Border Force was known as Australian Customs and Border Protection Service at time of submission.

[23]      Immigration and Border Protection Portfolio, Submission 19, p. 2.

[24]      Immigration and Border Protection Portfolio, Submission 19, p. 4.

[25]      Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Submission 3, p. 8.

[26]      Renee Viellaris, 'Organised crime, terrorism seek to infiltrate Australian airports', The Courier‑Mail, 12 December 2016, http://www.heraldsun.com.au/travel/news/organised-crime-terrorism-seek-to-infiltrate-australian-airports/news-story/b1bada45a9048508bc14dc
47273e7752
(accessed 13 December 2016).

[27]      Renee Viellaris, 'Organised crime, terrorism seek to infiltrate Australian airports', The Courier‑Mail, 12 December 2016.

[28]      Renee Viellaris, 'Organised crime, terrorism seek to infiltrate Australian airports', The Courier‑Mail, 12 December 2016.

[29]      Australian Federal Police, Submission 16, pp. 6-7.

[30]      The Hon Peter Dutton MP, Minister for Immigration and Border Protection, 'New security measures at international airports', Media Release, 23 April 2015.

[31]      Immigration and Border Protection Portfolio, Submission 19, p. 5.

[32]      ''World first': Government moves to radically overhaul Australia's international airports', Michael Koziol, Sydney Morning Herald, 22 January 2017, http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-news/world-first-government-moves-to-radically-overhaul-australias-international-airports-20170116-gtss5w.html (accessed 23 January 2017).

[33]      ''World first': Government moves to radically overhaul Australia's international airports', Michael Koziol, Sydney Morning Herald, 22 January 2017.

[34]      'Stealing your eyeballs: Dutton's stealthy plan to track you', Bernard Keane and Josh Taylor, Crikey, 23 January 2017, https://www.crikey.com.au/2017/01/23/duttons-brutopia-recognising-the-face-of-surveillance/ (accessed 23 January 2017).

[35]      Law Council of Australia, Submission 12, p. 1.

[36]      National LGBTI Health Alliance, Submission 20, p. 5.

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