Footnotes

Chapter 1 - Introduction

[1]        Journals of the Senate, No. 100–20 June 2018, pp. 3210–3211.

[2]        Journals of the Senate, No. 109–16 August 2018, pp. 3493–3494.

[3]        Petition No. 864, was tabled in the Australian Senate on 22 August 2018. See Senate Hansard, 22 August 2018, p. 63.

[4]        Petition No. 865 was tabled in the Australian Senate on 22 August 2018. See Senate Hansard, 22 August 2018, p. 64.

[5]        Parliament of Australia, Regulatory approaches to ensure the safety of pet food, https://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Rural_and_Regional_Affairs_and_Transport/SafetyofPetFood (accessed 27 August 2018).

[6]        Animal Medicines Australia, Pet ownership in Australia, 2016, p. 9.

[7]        Animal Medicines Australia, Pet ownership in Australia, 2016, pp. 4, 7. Also see: Dr Andrew Spanner, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 19 and Dr Richard Malik, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 12.

[8]        Animal Medicines Australia, Pet ownership in Australia, 2016, p. 37. Also see: Angelique Donnellan, 'Plastic, mould found in dog food sparks call for regulation of pet food industry', ABC News, 16 May 2018, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-05-16/plastic-mould-in-dog-food-prompts-call-for-industry-regulation/9764318 (accessed 25 June 2018).

[9]        Amy Fleming, 'Pet food is an environmental disaster – are vegan dogs the answer?', The Guardian, 26 June 2018, https://www.theguardian.com/global/2018/jun/26/pet-food-is-an-environmental-disaster-are-vegan-dogs-the-answer (accessed 6 July 2018).

[10]      Animal Medicines Australia, Pet ownership in Australia, 2016, pp. 29–38. Also see: Caroline Zambrano, 'Australia's Pet Food Market', Pet Industry News, vol.28, no. 2, Winter 2018, pp. 9–15.

[11]      CHOICE, Pet food regulation, https://www.choice.com.au/outdoor/pets/products/articles/pet-food-regulation (accessed 10 July 2018).

[12]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Managing the Safety of Domestically Produced Pet Meat, and Imported and Domestically Produced Pet Food, January 2012, p. 10.

[13]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Submission 31, p. 2.

[14]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Managing the Safety of Domestically Produced Pet Meat, and Imported and Domestically Produced Pet Food, January 2012, p. 16.

[15]      Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences, Pet food safety in Australia: economic assessment of policy options, July 2012, pp. 20–21.

[16]      Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences, Pet food safety in Australia: economic assessment of policy options, July 2012, p. 22.

[17]      Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, Submission 130, p. 2.

[18]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Managing the Safety of Domestically Produced Pet Meat, and Imported and Domestically Produced Pet Food, January 2012, p. 7.

[19]      Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, Submission 130, p. 7.  

[20]      Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, Submission 130, p. 7.   

[21]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Managing the Safety of Domestically Produced Pet Meat, and Imported and Domestically Produced Pet Food, January 2012, p. 4

[22]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Managing the Safety of Domestically Produced Pet Meat, and Imported and Domestically Produced Pet Food, January 2012, p. 4.

[23]      Australian Veterinarian Association, Enclosure 9 to the PIMC Food Controls Working Group Report, p. 4, http://www.agriculture.gov.au/SiteCollectionDocuments/animal-plant/animal-health/pet-food-safety/enclosure-9.pdf (accessed 19 September 2018).

[24]      Standards Australia, Australian Standard for the Manufacturing and Marketing of Pet Food (AS5812:2017), September 2017, p. 4.

[25]      Standards Australia, Australian Standard for the Manufacturing and Marketing of Pet Food (AS5812:2017), September 2017, p. 4.

[26]      The Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) is an intergovernmental body that was established by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Health Organisation through the Food Standards Programme. The Commission's purpose is to protect the health of consumers and ensure fair practices in the food trade. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, About Codex Alimentarius, http://www.fao.org/fao-who-codexalimentarius/about-codex/en/#c453333 (accessed 20 July 2018).

[27]      Standards Australia, Australian Standard for the Manufacturing and Marketing of Pet Food (AS5812:2017), September 2017, p. 12.

[28]      Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, AS5812 Purchasing Guidelines, https://www.pfiaa.com.au/TechnicalInfo/AS5812-Purchasing-Guidelines.aspx (accessed 6 September 2018).

[29]      Standards Australia, Australian Standard for the Manufacturing and Marketing of Pet Food (AS5812:2017), September 2017, p. 12.

[30]      Standards Australia, Australian Standard for the Manufacturing and Marketing of Pet Food (AS5812:2017), September 2017, pp. 19–22.

[31]      Standards Australia, Australian Standard for the Manufacturing and Marketing of Pet Food (AS5812:2017), September 2017, p. 24.

[32]      Standards Australia, Australian Standard for the Manufacturing and Marketing of Pet Food (AS5812:2017), September 2017, pp. 24–25.

[33]      Standards Australia, Australian Standard for the Manufacturing and Marketing of Pet Food (AS5812:2017), September 2017, p. 26.

[34]      Standards Australia, Australian Standard for the Manufacturing and Marketing of Pet Food (AS5812:2017), September 2017, p. 27.

[35]      Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, Submission 130, p. 2. 

[36]      The Hon David Littleproud MP, Minister for Agriculture and Water Resources, 'Littleproud welcomes pet food inquiry', Media Release, 20 June 2018. Also see: Angelique Donnellan, 'Having a pet die is an absolutely terrible thing': Senate announces inquiry into pet food industry', ABC News, 20 June 2018, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-06-20/inquiry-to-be-held-into-pet-food-industry/9890398 (accessed 3 September 2018).

[37]      Dr Robyn Martin, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, pp. 50–51.

Chapter 2 - Pet food incidents

[1]        Angelique Donnellan, 'Dozens of dogs confirmed sick in investigation into popular dog food Advance Dermocare', ABC News, 30 April 2018, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-30/popular-dog-food-suspected-of-making-dogs-sick-advance-dermocare/9699866 (accessed 25 June 2018). Also see: Angelique Donnellan, 'Pet food industry in the spotlight as number of megaesophagus cases jumps', ABC News, 6 June 2018, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-06-06/number-of-megaesophagus-cases-soar-advance-dermocare/9839982 (accessed 25 June 2018).

[2]        Mr Barry O'Sullivan, Mars Petcare Australia, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, pp. 21–23.

[3]        Dr Roger Bektash, Mars Petcare Australia, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 32.

[4]        Mr Barry O'Sullivan, Mars Petcare Australia, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 21. Also see: Angelique Donnellan, 'Dozens of dogs confirmed sick in investigation into popular dog food Advance Dermocare', ABC News, 30 April 2018, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-30/popular-dog-food-suspected-of-making-dogs-sick-advance-dermocare/9699866 (accessed 25 June 2018).

[5]        Mars Petcare Australia, Dermocare recall timeline (tabled at a public hearing on 29 August 2018).

[6]        Australian Veterinary Association, AVA alerts and communication with members, 8 March 2018 (tabled by Ms Rach Dola at a public hearing on 28 August 2018).

[7]        Mars Petcare Australia, Dermocare recall timeline (tabled at a public hearing on 29 August 2018).

[8]        Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, Submission 130 – Attachment 2, pp. 1–3.

[9]        Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, Submission 130 – Attachment 2, pp. 1–3.

[10]      Australian Veterinary Association, 'AVA advises dog owners to seek veterinary help if concerned about their pet's health', Media statement, 26 March 2018, https://www.ava.com.au/node/101842 (accessed 31 August 2018).

[11]      Australian Veterinary Association, 'An update from AVA on reports of Megaoesophagus in dogs', Media statement, 28 March 2018, https://www.ava.com.au/node/101911 (accessed 31 August 2018).

[12]      Mr Barry O'Sullivan, Mars Petcare Australia, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 21. Also see: Associate Professor Caroline Mansfield, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 10. 

[13]      Tim Wall, '74 megaesophagus cases linked to Australian dry dog food', Pet Food News, 2 May 2018, https://www.petfoodindustry.com/articles/7165-megaesophagus-cases-linked-to-australian-dry-dog-food?v=preview (accessed 15 October 2018).

[14]      See, for example: Dr Ilze Matise-VanHoutan, Submission 95, p. 2; Australian Veterinary Association, Submission 68, p. 6; Ms Maria Kuljanic, Submission 142, pp. 6–9 and Latvian Association of Veterinarians, Submission 121, pp. 1–2.

[15]      Latvian Association of Veterinarians, Submission 121, p. 1. Also see: Dr Ilze Matise‑VanHoutan, Increased incidents of megaesophagus in dogs in Latvia 2014–2016, February 2016, https://www.kleintiermedizin.ch/images/aktuell/2016/ResultsofMEstudyFeb16_im02.pdf (accessed 19 September 2018).

[16]      Latvian Association of Veterinarians, Submission 121, pp. 1–2. Also see: Dr Ilze Matise-VanHoutan, Submission 95, [p. 3].

[17]      Dr Ilze Matise-VanHoutan, 'I did my research, blew the whistle and found myself at war', Tedx Talks, 26 October 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uNDWvejza4c (accessed 19 September 2018).

[18]      Dr Ilze Matise-VanHoutan, Submission 95, [p. 3].

[19]      Dr Ilze Matise-VanHoutan, Submission 95, [p. 3]. Also see: Ms Maria Kuljanic, Submission 142, pp. 6–9.

[20]      Effusions are the presence of fluid within the sac surrounding the heart, the chest cavity (around the lungs) or in the abdominal cavity. Source: Edie Lau, 'Low thiamine suspected in cat illnesses linked to BFF food', VIN News, 9 June 2017, http://news.vin.com/vinnews.aspx?articleId=45159 (accessed 30 August 2018).

[21]      Edie Lau, 'Low thiamine suspected in cat illnesses linked to BFF food', VIN News, 9 June 2017, http://news.vin.com/vinnews.aspx?articleId=45159 (accessed 30 August 2018).

[22]      Weruva International Inc., Information regarding Weruva Best Feline Friends cat food, 5 May 2017 (tabled by Ms Rach Dola at a public hearing on 28 August 2018). Also see: Author unknown, 'Best Feline Friend recall: Cat food tins tested after widespread illness fears', The Sydney Morning Herald, 7 May 2017, https://www.smh.com.au/business/consumer-affairs/best-feline-friend-recall-cat-food-tins-tested-after-widespread-illness-fears-20170507-gvzw23.html (accessed 30 August 2018).

[23]      Weruva International Inc., Information regarding Weruva Best Feline Friends cat food, 5 May 2017 (tabled by Ms Rach Dola at a public hearing on 28 August 2018).

[24]      Edie Lau, 'Low thiamine suspected in cat illnesses linked to BFF food', VIN News, 9 June 2017, http://news.vin.com/vinnews.aspx?articleId=45159 (accessed 30 August 2018).

[25]      Edie Lau, 'Low thiamine suspected in cat illnesses linked to BFF food', VIN News, 9 June 2017, http://news.vin.com/vinnews.aspx?articleId=45159 (accessed 30 August 2018).

[26]      Tony Ibrahim, 'Testing of recalled BFF cat food reveals cause of illness', CHOICE, 25 May 2017, https://www.choice.com.au/outdoor/pets/products/articles/test-results-of-recalled-bff-cat-food-250517 (accessed 6 September 2018).

[27]      Edie Lau, 'Low thiamine suspected in cat illnesses linked to BFF food', VIN News, 9 June 2017, http://news.vin.com/vinnews.aspx?articleId=45159 (accessed 30 August 2018).

[28]      Dr Richard Malik, Submission 86, p. 1.

[29]      Standing Council on Primary Industries, Managing the safety of domestically produced pet meat, and imported and domestically produced pet food, January 2012, p. 13. Also see: R J S Steel, 'Thiamine deficiency in a cat associated with the preservation of 'pet meat with sulphur dioxide', Australian Veterinary Journal, vol. 75, no. 10, 1997, pp. 719–721.

[30]      Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, Building Confidence in Kangaroo Meat for Pet Nutrition, March 2013, p. 3.

[31]      Standing Council on Primary Industries, Managing the safety of domestically produced pet meat, and imported and domestically produced pet food, January 2012, pp. 17–18.

[32]      RSPCA Australia, How is the pet food industry regulated in Australia?, http://kb.rspca.org.au/how-is-the-pet-food-industry-regulated-in-australia_609.html (accessed 20 June 2018).

[33]      Australian Veterinary Association, PetFAST shows pet food problems persist, October 2012, https://www.ava.com.au/12072 (accessed 30 August 2018).

[34]      M F Thompson et al., ' Acquired proximal renal tubulopathy in dogs exposed to a common dried chicken treat: retrospective study of 108 cases (2007–2009)', Australian Veterinary Journal, vol. 91, no. 9, 2013, pp. 368–373.

[35]      U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Why Are Jerky Treats Making Pets Sick?, 22 October 2013, https://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm371413.htm (accessed 31 August 2018).

[36]      Australian Veterinary Association, Enclosure 9 to the PIMC Pet Food Controls Working Group Report, January 2012, p. 2.

[37]      RSPCA Australia, Submission 59, p. 10.

[38]      Champion Petfoods, 'Orijen Cat Food | Australia', Voluntary withdrawal notice, 26 November 2008, https://www.ava.com.au/sites/default/files/documents/Other/Orijen_Australia_
Consumer_Release.pdf
(accessed 30 August 2018).

[39]      RSPCA Australia, What is RSPCA Australia's position on the irradiation of imported pet food products?, http://kb.rspca.org.au/what-is-rspca-australias-position-on-the-irradiation-of-imported-pet-food-products_307.html (accessed 4 July 2018).

[40]      Champion Petfoods, 'Orijen Cat Food | Australia', Voluntary withdrawal notice, 26 November 2008, https://www.ava.com.au/sites/default/files/documents/Other/Orijen_Australia_Consumer_Release.pdf (accessed 30 August 2018).

[41]      Standing Council on Primary Industries, Managing the safety of domestically produced pet meat, and imported and domestically produced pet food, January 2012, p. 5. Also see: American Veterinary Medical Association, 'Australia halts irradiation of imported cat food after link with neurologic damage', JAVMA News, 15 August 2009, https://www.avma.org/News/JAVMANews/Pages/090815g.aspx (accessed 19 September 2018). There are no reports or scientific studies linking irradiation to health problems in dogs. This is likely due to the fact that cats and dogs have different nutritional needs.

[42]      Standing Council on Primary Industries, Managing the safety of domestically produced pet meat, and imported and domestically produced pet food, January 2012, p. 13. Also see: L M Fitzgerald et al., 'Hepatotoxicosis in dogs consuming a diet of camel meat contaminated with indospicine', Australian Veterinary Journal, vol. 89, no. 3, 2011, pp. 95–100.

[43]      Emma Sleath and Gail Liston, 'Camel meat scare', ABC News Alice Springs, 4 March 2011, http://www.abc.net.au/local/stories/2011/03/04/3155169.htm (accessed 31 August 2018).

[44]      Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resources Economics and Sciences, Pet food safety in Australia: economic assessment of policy options, July 2012, p. 6.

[45]      Standing Council on Primary Industries, Managing the safety of domestically produced pet meat, and imported and domestically produced pet food, January 2012, pp. 13–14.

[46]      Victoria J Crossley et al., ' Vitamin D toxicity of dietary origin in cats fed a natural complementary kitten food', Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports, 2017, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5731632/ (accessed 31 August 2018).

[47]      RSPCA Pet Insurance, Common feeding mistakes and foods to avoid for cats, https://www.rspcapetinsurance.org.au/pet-care/health/common-feeding-mistakes-and-foods-to-avoid-for-cat (accessed 31 August 2018).

[48]      Standing Council on Primary Industries, Managing the safety of domestically produced pet meat, and imported and domestically produced pet food, January 2012, p. 13.

[49]      Carl A Osborne et al., 'Melamine and cyanuric acid-induced crystalluria, uroliths, and nephrotoxicity in dogs and cats', Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, vol. 39, no. 1, 2009, pp. 1–14.

[50]      Cathy A Brown et al., 'Outbreaks of Renal Failure Associated with Melamine and Cyanuric Acid in Dogs and Cats in 2004 and 2007', Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, vol. 19, no. 5, 2007, pp. 525–531.

[51]      Australian Veterinary Association, Enclosure 9 to the PIMC Pet Food Controls Working Group Report, January 2012, p. 3.

[52]      Mr Paul Terrett, Submission 10, p. 3.

[53]      Dr Andrew Spanner, Submission 63, [p. 3].

[54]      Ms Michelle Lang, Nestlé Purina Petcare Australia, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 37.

[55]      See, for example: Ms Janine Price, Submission 50, [p. 1]; Ms Teresa Tassone, Submission 89, [p. 5]; Mrs Kate Bradbrook, Submission 76, [p. 2]; Mrs Christine Fry, Submission 78, [p. 3]; Pet Food Reviews Australia (Website), Submission 114, p. 1; Mr Terry Brooke, Submission 120, [p. 1]; Ms Jodi Burnett, Submission 141, [p. 9] and Angelique Donnellan, 'Animal ear tags among plastic and metal rubbish being ground up and put into pet food, insiders confirm', ABC News, 19 June 2018, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-06-19/pet-food-insider-lifts-lid-on-plastic-and-rubbish-going-into-pe/9875184 (accessed 31 August 2018).

[56]      Angelique Donnellan, 'Animal ear tags among plastic and metal rubbish being ground up and put into pet food, insiders confirm', ABC News, 19 June 2018, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-06-19/pet-food-insider-lifts-lid-on-plastic-and-rubbish-going-into-pe/9875184 (accessed 19 July 2018).

[57]      Angelique Donnellan, 'Animal ear tags among plastic and metal rubbish being ground up and put into pet food, insiders confirm', ABC News, 19 June 2018, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-06-19/pet-food-insider-lifts-lid-on-plastic-and-rubbish-going-into-pe/9875184 (accessed 19 July 2018).

[58]      Pet Food Industry Association of Australia Inc., 'Pet food quality, media reports and regulation', Media release, 17 June 2018.

[59]      Dr Camilla Forss, Submission 129, [p. 1].

[60]      See, for example: Ms Rosemarie Mileham, Submission 12, [p. 3]; Miss Melissa Field, Submission 13, [pp. 2–3]; Mrs Christine Fry, Submission 78, [p. 2]; Mrs Debbie Guala, Submission 93, [p. 1] and Ms Elisia Nichol, Submission 112, p. 4.

[61]      Mrs Shirley Benn, Submission 84, p. 2.

[62]      Ms Rach Dola, Submission 117, p. 2.

[63]      Mr David Passmore, Submission 42, [p. 1].

[64]      Dr Camilla Forss, Submission 129, [p. 1].

[65]      See, for example: Mrs Chantelle Hall, Submission 4, [p. 2]; Ms Rosemarie Mileham, Submission 12, [p. 1]; Miss Melissa Field, Submission 13, [p. 2]; Mr James Bayly, Submission 40, [p. 2] and Ms Lisa Dibbs, Submission 71, [p. 2].

[66]      Ms Lisa Dibbs, Submission 71, [p. 2].

[67]      See, for example: Ms Trudy Hollingsworth, Submission 26, [p. 1]; Ms Jodi Burnett, Submission 141, [pp. 11–12]; Mrs Dana Partington, Submission 98, [pp. 2–3] and Ms Rach Dola, Submission 117, p. 3.

[68]      Mrs Christine Fry, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 10.

[69]      Ms Luise Pearson-Bernoth, Submission 28, [p. 1].

[70]      C B Behravesh et al., 'Human Salmonella Infections Linked to Contaminated Dry Dog and Cat Food, 2006 –2008', Pediatrics, vol. 126, no. 3, 2010, pp. 477–483.

[71]      Dr Andrew Spanner, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 24.

[72]      See, for example: Mr Jason Grubisic, Submission 66, [p. 1]; Miss Anna Rek, Submission 67, [p. 1]; Mrs Tracey Jackson, Submission 75, p. 2; Mr Rolf Hauptmann, Submission 72, [pp. 1–2]; Ms Maureen Powell, Submission 116, [p. 3]; Mr Cameron McAllister, Submission 111, 1p. 1]; Ms Tafline Gillespie, Submission 109, [p. 2]; Annie Robbie, Submission 138, [p. 2]; Ms Maria Kuljanic, Submission 142, pp. 10–13; Miss Emily Bush, Submission 74, [p. 1]; Mrs Jeannine Barnard, Submission 77, [pp. 1–3]; Ms Florence Watmore, Submission 19, [p. 1]; Pound Rescue Inc., Submission 115, [p. 1]; Ms Christine Lewis, Submission 61, [p. 1]; Ms CJ King, Submission 22, [pp. 1–2]; Miss Shonara Langley, Submission 37, p. 2; Mrs Melanie Christie, Submission 62, pp. 1–3; Mrs Carol O'Herlihy, Submission 69, [p. 2]; Mrs Margot Puehl, Submission 87, [p. 1]; Ms Anne Royle, Submission 128, [p. 1]; Mr Josh King, Submission 110, [pp. 2–3]; Ms Jessie Holt, Submission 118, [p. 1]; Mr Lachlan Kidd, Submission 105, [p. 1]; Christine Wattle, Submission 136, [pp. 2–3]; J Vale, Submission 134, [pp. 1–4] and Ms Sandra Sultana, Submission 99, [pp. 1–2].

[73]      Mrs Jeannine Barnard, Submission 77, p. 3. Bold in the original text.

[74]      Mr Rolf Hauptmann, Submission 72, [p. 1].

[75]      Ms Christine Lewis, Submission 61, [p. 1].

[76]      Tom Lonsdale, Submission 132, pp. 6–7. Italicised in original text.

Chapter 3 - Pet food safety controls in Australia

[1]        Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, Submission 130, p. 5.

[2]        In their submission to the inquiry, the Australian Renderer's Association noted that, as part of its letter of exchange with DAWR, it has now removed itself from the management of its accreditation program and engaged a third party auditor to take on this role. Source: Australian Renderers' Association, Submission 15, p. 2.

[3]        Mr Duncan Hall, Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, pp. 25–26.

[4]        Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences, Pet food safety in Australia: economic assessment of policy options, July 2012, p. 10.

[5]        Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) is an international methodology used to recognise and minimise food safety risks during the production or packaging process. The seven key principles of the system include: hazard analysis, critical control points, critical limits, critical control monitoring, corrective action, procedures and record keeping. Source: Australian Institute of Food Safety, Everything You Need to Know About HACCP, https://www.foodsafety.com.au/resources/articles/everything-you-need-to-know-about-haccp (accessed 20 July 2018).

[6]        Each manufacturing site is audited as a separate 'member' of the PFIAA. In total, there are 29 manufacturing 'members', owned by 26 companies. Source: Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, answers to questions on notice, 28 August 2018 (received 10 September 2018).

[7]        Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, Statement of Purpose, https://www.pfiaa.com.au/About/StatementofPurpose.aspx (accessed 14 September 2018).

[8]        Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, Submission 130, p. 5.

[9]        Australian Veterinary Association, Submission 68, p. 4.

[10]      Duncan Hall, Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 33.

[11]      Mr Barry O'Sullivan, Mars Petcare Australia, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 28.

[12]      Ms Michelle Lang, Nestlé Australia Ltd, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 35.

[13]      Dr Roger Bektash, Mars Petcare Australia, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 32; Ms Nicole Battistessa, Nestlé Australia Ltd, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 34.

[14]      Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, Submission 130, pp. 2, 9.

[15]      Standing Council on Primary Industries, Managing the safety of domestically produced pet meat, and imported and domestically produced pet food, January 2012, p. 21.

[16]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Enclosure 7: Summary of Regulation Specific for Pet Meat and Pet Food in Australia, January 2012, p. 2.

[17]      Safety Food Production Queensland, Submission 85, [pp. 1–2].

[18]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Enclosure 10: State and territory Pet Food Controls Working Group members statements, January 2012, p. 3.

[19]      Safe Food Production Queensland, Submission 85, [p. 1].

[20]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Enclosure 10: State and territory Pet Food Controls Working Group members statements, January 2012, p. 3.

[21]      Meat Industry Regulations 2015 (Victoria), http://classic.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/vic/consol_reg/mir2015287/ (accessed 4 September 2018).

[22]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Enclosure 10: State and territory Pet Food Controls Working Group members' statements, January 2012, p. 2.

[23]      Food Regulation 2015 (New South Wales), https://www.legislation.nsw.gov.au/regulations/2015-622.pdf (accessed 4 September 2018).

[24]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Enclosure 10: State and territory Pet Food Controls Working Group members' statements, January 2012, p. 1.

[25]      WA Department of Health, Pet meat: Food Act 2008 fact sheet 13, https://ww2.health.wa.gov.au/Articles/N_R/Pet-meat (accessed 9 July 2018). Also see: Food Regulations 2009 (Western Australia), https://www.legislation.wa.gov.au/legislation/statutes.nsf/law_s41122.html (accessed 4 September 2018).

[26]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Enclosure 10: State and territory Pet Food Controls Working Group members' statements, January 2012, pp. 1–2.

[27]      Australian Government, Accreditation of a Pet Food Producer – Tasmania, https://ablis.business.gov.au/service/tas/accreditation-of-a-pet-food-producer/37096 (accessed 9 July 2018).

[28]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Enclosure 10: State and territory Pet Food Controls Working Group members' statements, January 2012, p. 1.

[29]      Primary Produce (Food Safety Schemes) (Meat) Regulations 2017 (South Australia), https://www.legislation.sa.gov.au/LZ/C/R/PRIMARY%20PRODUCE%20(FOOD%20SAFETY%20SCHEMES)%20(MEAT)%20REGULATIONS%202017.aspx (accessed 4 September 2018); Meat Industries Regulations 2011 (Northern Territory), https://legislation.nt.gov.au/Legislation/MEAT-INDUSTRIES-REGULATIONS (accessed 4 September 2018).

[30]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Submission 31, p. 2.

[31]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Answers to questions taken on notice, 29 August 2018, p. 1.

[32]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Submission 31, p. 2.

[33]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Submission 31, p. 3.

[34]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Submission 31, p. 3.

[35]      CHOICE, Submission 143, [pp. 2–3].

[36]      Western Australian Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety, A Consumer's guide to buying a pet, https://www.commerce.wa.gov.au/sites/default/files/atoms/files/aconsumersguidetobuyingapet_0.pdf (accessed 19 September 2018).

[37]      Ms Sarah Agar, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, pp. 1–2.

[38]      The full text of the Australian Consumer Law is set out in Schedule 2 of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010, and can be found at website: http://consumerlaw.gov.au/the-australian-consumer-law/legislation/ (accessed 25 September 2018).

[39]      CHOICE, Pet food regulation, https://www.choice.com.au/outdoor/pets/products/articles/pet-food-regulation (accessed 10 July 2018).

[40]      Australian Renderers' Association, Submission 15, p. 1.

[41]      Australian Renderers' Association, Submission 15, p. 2.

[42]      NSW Food Authority, Rendering plants, http://www.foodauthority.nsw.gov.au/industry/meat/rendering-plants (accessed 11 September 2018).

[43]      Feed Ingredients and Additives Association of Australia, Submission 92, pp. 1–3.

[44]      Feed Ingredients and Additives Association of Australia, Submission 92, p. 2.

[45]      Feed Ingredients and Additives Association of Australia, Submission 92, p. 3.

[46]      Feed Ingredients and Additives Association of Australia, Submission 92, p. 3.

[47]      United States Food and Drug Administration, Pet Food, https://www.fda.gov/animalveterinary/products/animalfoodfeeds/petfood/default.htm (accessed 23 July 2018).

[48]      United States Food and Drug Administration, PETNet: An Information Exchange for Pet Food Related Incidents, https://www.fda.gov/animalveterinary/products/animalfoodfeeds/petfood/ucm278278.htm (accessed 3 July 2018).

[49]      Nestlé Australia Ltd, Submission 119, pp. 8–9.

[50]      United States Food and Drug Administration, Recalls and Withdrawals, https://www.fda.gov/
AnimalVeterinary/SafetyHealth/RecallsWithdrawals/default.htm
(accessed 28 June 2018). Also see: Mars Petcare Australia, Submission 106, p. 7.

[51]      See, for example: Dr Andrew Spanner, Submission 63, [pp. 2–3]; Ms Teresa Tassone, Submission 89, [p. 6] and Nestlé Australia Ltd, Submission 119, pp. 8–9.

[52]      Angelique Donnellan, 'Having a pet die is an absolutely terrible thing': Senate announces inquiry into pet food industry', ABC News, 20 June 2018, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-06-20/inquiry-to-be-held-into-pet-food-industry/9890398 (accessed 26 June 2018).

[53]      United States Food and Drug Administration, Safety Reporting Portal, https://www.safetyreporting.hhs.gov/SRP2/en/Home.aspx?sid=58cf7d10-58b8-45ef-ba4f-dea63559e563 (accessed 6 September 2018).

[54]      Nestlé Australia Ltd, Submission 119, p. 9.

[55]      Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, Submission 130 – Attachment 1, p. 4.

[56]      Association of American Feed Control Officials, Welcome to AAFCO, https://www.aafco.org/ (accessed 18 July 2018).

[57]      Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, Submission 130 – Attachment 1, pp. 2–3.

[58]      Association of American Feed Control Officials, Pet Food Committee, https://www.aafco.org/Regulatory/Committees/Pet-Food (accessed 18 July 2018).

[59]      Regulation (EC) No. 882/2004 has been in force since 17 June 2004, and will be repealed and replaced by Regulation (EU) 2017/625 on 13 December 2019.  The new regulation seeks to simplify the overall legislative framework for the agri-food chain. Source: European Commission, Animal Feed, https://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/animal-feed_en (accessed 23 July 2018).

[60]      FEDIAF, Safety, http://www.fediaf.org/self-regulation/safety.html (accessed 4 September 2018).

[61]      Mars Petcare Australia, Submission 106, pp. 7–8.

[62]      European Commission, RASFF – Food and Feed Safety Alerts, https://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/rasff_en (accessed 4 September 2018).

[63]      European Commission, RASFF Annual Report 2016, June 2017, pp. 6–7, 41. Products subject to an 'alert notification' have been withdrawn or are in the process of being withdrawn from the market. A 'border rejection notification' is issued if a food product is refused entry to the European Union for reason of a risk to human or animal health. An 'information notification' or 'follow-up notification' refers to a concern raised about a food product that does not require rapid action.

[64]      European Commission, Animal Feed, https://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/animal-feed_en (accessed 23 July 2018).

[65]      Mars Petcare Australia, Submission 106, pp. 7–8. Also see: European Commission, Guides to Good Practice, https://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/animal-feed/feed-hygiene/guides-good-practice_en (accessed 4 September 2018).

[66]      Nestlé Australia Ltd, Submission 119, p. 8.

[67]      FEDIAF, Nutritional Guidelines, http://www.fediaf.org/self-regulation/nutrition.html (accessed 23 July 2018).

[68]      Law for Ensuring the Safety of Pet Food (Law No. 83 of 2008) (Japan), 18 June 2018, http://www.famic.go.jp/ffis/pet/obj/sub1e_houritu.pdf (accessed 4 September 2018).

[69]      Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, 'Information Note: Regulation of pet food in selected overseas places', IN02/15–16, pp. 5–6.

[70]      Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority of Singapore, Local Manufacturing & Processing of Animal Feed, https://www.ava.gov.sg/explore-by-sections/pets-and-animals/bringing-animals-into-singapore-exporting/animal-feed (accessed 6 September 2018).

[71]      Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, 'Information Note: Regulation of pet food in selected overseas places', IN02/15–16, pp. 6–7.

[72]      New Zealand Food Safety, Requirements for pet food, animal feed, and supplements, https://www.mpi.govt.nz/processing/pet-food-inedibles-animal-feed-and-supplements/requirements-for-pet-food-animal-feeds-and-supplements/ (accessed 4 September 2018).

[73]      Mars Petcare Australia, Submission 106, p. 4.

Chapter 4 - Enhancing the safety and integrity of pet food in Australia

[1]        Nestlé Australia Ltd, Submission 119, p. 3.

[2]        Nestlé Australia Ltd, Submission 119, p. 4.

[3]        Ms Elisia Nichol, Submission 112, p. 2. Also see: Ms Rosemarie Mileham, Submission 12, [p. 2].

[4]        Ms Rach Dola, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, pp. 1, 10.

[5]        Mrs Christine Fry, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 2.

[6]        See, for example: The Cat Protection Society of NSW Inc., Submission 29, [p. 1]; Ms Darci Hutchinson, Submission 70, [p. 1]; Canine Welfare Alliance of Australia., Submission 100, p. 3; Mrs Kate Bradbrook, Submission 76, [p. 2]; Australian National Cats Inc., Submission 101, [p. 1]; Ms Stephanie Shaw, Submission 102, [p. 2]; Dr Andrew Spanner, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 19 and Ms Erin Turner, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 3.

[7]        See, for example: Ms Ruth Quick, Submission 8, [p. 3]; Animal Welfare Coalition WA, Submission 94, pp. 3–4; RSPCA Australia, Submission 59, p. 4; Ms Christine Darby, Submission 21, [p. 2] and Ms Rach Dola, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 1.

[8]        Animal Welfare Coalition of WA, Submission 94, p. 3.

[9]        The cost of the standard may vary according to the product format requested. At the time of writing, the price for a hard copy was $128.19, and the price for a PDF copy was $115.38, including GST.

[10]      See, for example: Ms Karin Strehlow, Submission 57, [p. 1]; RSPCA Australia, Submission 59, p. 4; Animal Welfare Coalition WA, Submission 94, pp. 3–4; Nestlé Australia Ltd, Submission 119, p. 4; Pet Food Reviews Australia, Submission 114, p. 2 and Ms Nicole Battistessa, Nestlé Australia Ltd, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 34.

[11]      Ms Ruth Quick, Submission 8, [p. 3].

[12]      Ms Elisia Nichol, Submission 112, pp. 5–6.

[13]      Nestlé Australia Ltd, Submission 119, p. 4.

[14]      Animal Welfare Coalition of WA, Submission 94, p. 2.

[15]      Ms Sarah Agar, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 2.

[16]      Senate Economics References Committee, Non-conforming building products. Interim report: aluminium composite cladding, September 2017, pp. 50–51.

[17]      Australian Government, Australian Government response to the Interim Report: Aluminium Composite Cladding, February 2018, p. 12.

[18]      Senate Standing Committee on Regulations and Ordinances, Delegated legislation monitor 8 of 2017, 9 August 2017, p. 6.

[19]      See, for example: Ms Teresa Tassone, Submission 89, [p. 4]; Ms Ildi Ehsman, Submission 30, [p. 1]; Ms Janina Price, Submission 50, [p. 1]; Mr John Carter, Submission 33, p. 2; Mr Michael Dilworth, Submission 27, [pp. 1–2]; R C & J C Parr, Submission 44, [p. 1]; Mr John Fisher-Smith, Submission 53, [p. 1] and Ms Rach Dola, Submission 117 – Attachment 1, p. 1.

[20]      See, for example: NSW Greyhound Breeders, Owners and Trainers' Association, Submission 104, [pp. 2–3] and Mr Michael Dilworth, Submission 27, [pp. 1–2].

[21]      Ms Karin Strehlow, Submission 57, [p. 1].

[22]      Mr John Fisher-Smith, Submission 53, [p. 1].

[23]      Mrs Jeannine Barnard, Submission 77, [p. 2].

[24]      See, for example: Ms Eve Wetherell, Submission 6, [p. 1]; Ms Sylvia Rolih, Submission 51, [p. 1]; Mrs Nikki Gilbert, Submission 39, [p. 3]; Miss Shonara Langley, Submission 37, [p. 4] and Mr Jack Claff, Submission 32, [p. 1].

[25]      Mr Michael Dilworth, Submission 27, [pp. 1–2]; Ms Ildi Ehsman, Submission 30, [p. 1]; Mr Brad Clinch, Submission 48, [p. 2] and Ms Karin Strehlow, Submission 57, [p. 2].

[26]      Dr Richard Malik, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 12.

[27]      Dr Richard Malik, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 12.

[28]      Associate Professor Caroline Mansfield, Submission 88, [p. 1].

[29]      Dr Richard Malik, Submission 86, [p. 1].

[30]      See, for example: Pet Food Reviews Australia, Submission 114, p. 2; RSPCA Australia, Submission 59, pp. 8–9 and Dr Andrew Spanner, Submission 63, [p. 1].

[31]      Dr Andrew Spanner, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 20.

[32]      Animal Welfare Coalition WA, Submission 94, p. 1.

[33]      Animal Welfare Coalition WA, Submission 94, p. 2.

[34]      Ms Sarah Agar, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 2.

[35]      Ms Erin Turner, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 3.

[36]      Ms Christine Darby, Submission 21, [p. 1].

[37]      Ms Jodi Burnett, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 7.

[38]      Nestlé Australia Ltd, Submission 119, p. 7. Also see: Dr Joanne Sillince, Pets Australia, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 14.

[39]      Mr Barry O'Sullivan, Mars Petcare Australia, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 28.

[40]      Mr James Green, Submission 36, pp. 1–2.

[41]      Australian Veterinary Association, Submission 68, p. 3.

[42]      Ms Erin Turner, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 3.

[43]      Mars Petcare Australia, Submission 106, p. 2.

[44]      Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, Submission 130, p. 10.

[45]      Dr Bronwyn Orr, RSPCA, Australia, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 23.

[46]      Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences, Pet food safety in Australia: economic assessment of policy options, July 2012, pp. 16–18.

[47]      SCoPI was established by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) to oversee a national approach to agriculture, fisheries and forestry. It comprised the relevant portfolio ministers from New Zealand as well as the federal, state and territory government ministers.

[48]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Managing the Safety of Domestically Produced Pet Meat, and Imported and Domestically Produced Pet Food, January 2012, p. 15.

[49]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Managing the Safety of Domestically Produced Pet Meat, and Imported and Domestically Produced Pet Food, January 2012, p. 15.

[50]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Managing the Safety of Domestically Produced Pet Meat, and Imported and Domestically Produced Pet Food, January 2012, p. 15.

[51]      Animal Welfare Coalition WA, Submission 94, p. 2.

[52]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Managing the Safety of Domestically Produced Pet Meat, and Imported and Domestically Produced Pet Food, January 2012, p. 15.

[53]      See, for example: Dr Andrew Spanner, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 19; Miss Melissa Field, Submission 13, [p. 3]; Ms Christine Darby, Submission 21, [p. 2]; Ms Ildi Ehsman, Submission 30, [p. 2] and Ms Karin Strehlow, Submission 57, [p. 3].

[54]      CHOICE, Submission 143, [p. 4]. Also see: US Food and Drug Administration, Pet Food, https://www.fda.gov/animalveterinary/products/animalfoodfeeds/petfood/default.htm (accessed 16 September 2018).

[55]      CHOICE, Submission 143, [p. 4].

[56]      Dr Andrew Spanner, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 24.

[57]      Dr Andrew Spanner, Submission 63, [pp. 2–3].

[58]      Dr Andrew Spanner, Submission 63, [p. 3].

[59]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Managing the Safety of Domestically Produced Pet Meat, and Imported and Domestically Produced Pet Food, January 2012, p. 21.                                       

[60]      Animal Welfare Coalition WA, Submission 94, p. 3.

[61]      Australian Veterinary Association, Submission 68, p. 5.

Chapter 5

[1]        Mr Paul Terrett, Submission 10, p. 3; Ms Jacinta Simpson, Submission 43, [p. 1]; Ms Karin Strehlow, Submission 57, [p. 3] and RSPCA Australia, Submission 59, p. 7.

[2]        Ms Sarah Agar, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 5.

[3]        RSPCA Australia, Submission 59, p. 6; Ms Sarah Agar, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 5 and Angelique Donnellan, 'Having a pet die is an absolutely terrible thing': Senate announces inquiry into pet food industry', ABC News, 20 June 2018, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-06-20/inquiry-to-be-held-into-pet-food-industry/9890398 (accessed 26 June 2018).

[4]        Ms Sarah Agar, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 5.

[5]        The Cat Protection Society of NSW Inc., Submission 29, [p. 2].

[6]        Ms Michelle Lang, Nestlé Purina PetCare Australia, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 36.

[7]        Ms Nicole Battistessa, Nestlé Australia Ltd, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 34.

[8]        Nestlé Australia Ltd, Submission 119, p. 7.

[9]        Ms Erin Turner, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 5.

[10]      Ms Erin Turner, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 5.

[11]      CHOICE, Submission 143, [pp. 2–3].

[12]      Ms Sarah Agar, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 6.

[13]      CHOICE, Submission 143, [pp. 2–3].

[14]      Ms Sarah Agar, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 2.

[15]      CHOICE, Submission 143, [p. 3].

[16]      CHOICE, Submission 143, [p. 4].

[17]      RSPCA Australia, Submission 59, p. 7.

[18]      Ms Erin Turner, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 3. Also see: Nestlé Australia Ltd, Submission 119, p. 7 and Ms Teresa Tassone, Submission 89, [p. 4].

[19]      Ms Rach Dola, Submission 117; Ms Jodi Burnett, Submission 141 and Ms Shirley Benn, Submission 84.

[20]      See, for example: Miss Jasmine Erhard, Submission 73, [p. 2]; Miss Melissa Field, Submission 13, [p. 3]; Mrs Laura Faulkner, Submission 16, [p. 1]; Mrs Christina Fry, Submission 78, [p. 2]; Ms Jodi Burnett, Submission 141, [p. 10] and Ms Rach Dola, Submission 117, pp. 3–4.

[21]      Mars Petcare Australia, Dermocare recall timeline (tabled at a public hearing on 29 August 2018).

[22]      Mars Petcare, Submission 106, p. 6.

[23]      Dr Richard Malik, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 18.

[24]      Mrs Melanie Christie, Submission 62, [p. 5].

[25]      See, for example: Mrs Christine Fry, Submission 78, [p. 2]; Ms Stephanie Shaw, Submission 102, [p. 4] and Ms Rosemarie Mileham, Submission 12, [p. 1].

[26]      Ms Jodi Burnett, Submission 141, [p. 10].

[27]      Ms Sarah Agar, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 6. Also see: Ms Rach Dola, Submission 117 – Attachment 3, p. 1 and Ms Teresa Tassone, Submission 89, [p. 8].

[28]      Guy Stayner. 'Rockmelon listeria outbreak: Fourth person dies from eating contaminated fruit', ABC News, 7 March 2018, www.abc.net.au/news/2018-03-07/rockmelon-listeria-outbreak-fourth-person-dies/9522832 (accessed 16 September 2018).

[29]      Dr Richard Malik, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 16.

[30]      Ms Karin Strehlow, Submission 57, [p. 3].

[31]      Dr Andrew Spanner, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 19.

[32]      Ms Sarah Agar, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 2; Mrs Jenny Kent, Pets Australia, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, pp. 13–14 and Ms Kristina Vesk, The Cat Protection Society of NSW Inc., Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 16.

[33]      Ms Rach Dola, Submission 117 – Attachment 3, p. 2.

[34]      Ms Teresa Tassone, Submission 89, [p. 8]; Ms Rach Dola, Submission 117 – Attachment 3, p. 2.

[35]      Ms Rach Dola, Submission 117, p. 4. Also see: Dr Joanne Sillince, Pets Australia, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 14; Ms Kristina Vesk, The Cat Protection Society of NSW Inc., Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 16.

[36]      See, for example: Mrs Melanie Christie, Submission 62, [p. 4]; Mr Jason Grubisic, Submission 66, [p. 1]; Mrs Carol O'Herlihy, Submission 69, pp. 3–4.

[37]      Ms Sarah Agar, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 2.

[38]      Standing Council on Primary Industries Pet Food Controls Working Group, Managing the Safety of Domestically Produced Pet Meat, and Imported and Domestically Produced Pet Food, January 2012, p. 23.

[39]      Mr Peter May, Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 49.

[40]      Animal Welfare Coalition WA, Submission 94, p. 2.

[41]      Ms Sarah Agar, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 8.

[42]      RSPCA Australia, Submission 59, p. 7.

[43]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Consumer product safety recall guidelines, 11 February 2011, https://www.productsafety.gov.au/publication/consumer-product-safety-recall-guidelines (accessed 25 September 2018).

[44]      Australian Product Recall, 'Whiskas Adult Aged 1-7 Years Chicken & Rabbit Flavour Dry Cat Food', https://www.productsafety.gov.au/system/files/recall/Recall%20Notice_290.pdf (accessed 25 September 2018).

[45]      Animal Welfare Coalition WA, Submission 94, p. 2.

Chapter 6 - Transparent adverse pet food reporting and investigation

[1]        Dr Bronwyn Orr, RPSCA Australia, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 22.

[2]        Ms Ruth Quick, Submission 8; Ms Cathy Nesbitt, Submission 11 and Ms Rach Dola, Submission 117.

[3]        Ms Rach Dola, Submission 117, p. 4.

[4]        Australian Veterinary Association, PetFAST shows pet food problems exist, https://www.ava.com.au/12072 (accessed 6 September 2018).

[5]        Ms Michelle Lang, Nestlé Australia Ltd, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 37.

[6]        Australian Veterinary Association, Submission 68, p. 4.

[7]        Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, Submission 130, pp. 8–9 and Australian Veterinary Association, Submission 68, p. 5.

[8]        Australian Veterinary Association, Submission 68, p. 5.

[9]        RSPCA Australia, Submission 59, pp. 6–7.

[10]      Associate Professor Caroline Mansfield, Submission 88, [p. 2].

[11]      RSPCA Australia, Submission 59, pp. 6–7 and Dr Andrew Spanner, Submission 63, [p. 2].

[12]      Australian Veterinary Association, PetFAST – Pet Food Adverse Event System of Tracking, https://www.ava.com.au/petfast (accessed 13 September 2018).

[13]      Dr Linda Fleeman, Australian Veterinary Association, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 32.

[14]      Australian Veterinary Association, Submission 68, pp. 4–5.

[15]      Nestlé Australia Ltd, Submission 119, p. 5.

[16]      Mars Petcare Australia, Submission 106, p. 4.

[17]      RSPCA Australia, Submission 59, p. 7. Also see: Ms Rach Dola, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 7; Ms Stephanie Shaw, Submission 102, [p. 3] and Ms Teresa Tassone, Submission 89, [p. 4].

[18]      Ms Jodi Burnett, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 7.

[19]      Dr Joanne Sillince, Pets Australia, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 13. Also see: Dr Bronwyn Orr, RSPCA Australia, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 22.

[20]      Dr Joanne Sillince, Pets Australia, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 14.

[21]      Animal Medicines Australia, Pet Ownership in Australia, 2016, p. 41.

[22]      Ms Stephanie Shaw, Submission 102, [p. 3]. Also see: Animal Medicines Australia, Pet Ownership in Australia, 2016, p. 42.

[23]      RSPCA Australia, Submission 59, p. 7.

[24]      Associate Professor Caroline Mansfield, Submission 88, [p. 2].

[25]      Mr Duncan Hall, Pet Food Industry Association of Australia Inc., Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 30.

[26]      Dr Sue Foster, Australian Veterinary Association, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 31.

[27]      See, for example: Associate Professor Caroline Mansfield, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 10 and Mr Duncan Hall, Pet Food Industry Association of Australia, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 31.

[28]      Ms Erin Turner, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 8 and Associate Professor Caroline Mansfield, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 10. Also see: Mrs Melanie Christie, Submission 62, [p. 5].

[29]      Australian Veterinary Association, PetFAST checklist for veterinarians, https://www.ava.com.au/veterinarians/technical-information/petfast (accessed 13 September 2018).

[30]      Ms Karin Strehlow, Submission 57, p. [3].

[31]      Ms Jodi Burnett, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 9.

[32]      Mars Petcare Australia, Submission 106, p. 4. Also see: Royal Canin Australia, Submission 97, [p. 3]; Dr Anne Fawcett, Submission 140, [p. 2]; Mrs Tara Bonitz, Submission 79, p. 1 and Canine Welfare Alliance of Australia, Submission 100, p. 2.

[33]      See, for example: Mrs Melanie Christie, Submission 62, [p. 5]; Mrs Tracey Jackson, Submission 75, p. 5 and Dr Ilze Matise-VanHoutan, Submission 95, [pp. 2–3].

[34]      Ms Jodi Burnett, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 9.

[35]      Associate Professor Caroline Mansfield, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 10. Also see: Professor Caroline Mansfield, Submission 88, [p. 2].

[36]      Ms Christine Wattle, Submission 136, [p. 2]. Also see: Tom Lonsdale, Submission 132, p. 7.

[37]      Associate Professor Caroline Mansfield, Submission 88, [p. 2].

[38]      Associate Professor Caroline Mansfield, Submission 88, p. 2.

[39]      Associate Professor Caroline Mansfield, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 10.

[40]      Dr Andrew Spanner, Submission 63, [p. 2].

[41]      Ms Karin Strehlow, Submission 57, [p. 3].

[42]      Dr Sue Foster, Australian Veterinary Association, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 33.

[43]      Associate Professor Caroline Mansfield, Submission 88, p. 2.

[44]      See, for example: Dr Andrew Spanner, Submission 63, [p. 2]; RSPCA Australia, Submission 59, p. 6; Ms Rach Dola, Submission 117 – Attachment 3, p. 1; Animal Welfare Coalition WA, Submission 94, p. 2.

[45]      Ms Karin Strehlow, Submission 57, [p. 3].

[46]      Dr Linda Fleeman, Australian Veterinary Association, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 32.

[47]      Dr Sue Foster, Australian Veterinary Association, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 33. Also see: Dr Linda Fleeman, Australian Veterinary Association, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 32.

[48]      Dr Richard Malik, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 15.

[49]      RSPCA Australia, Submission 59.

[50]      Ms Kristina Vesk, The Cat Protection Society of NSW Inc., Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 12.

[51]      RSPCA Australia, Submission 59, p. 7. Also see: Mr Barry O'Sullivan, Mars Petcare Australia, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 30 and Dr Camilla Forss, Submission 129, [p. 2].

[52]      Miss Jasmine Erhard, Submission 73, [p. 3].

[53]      Ms Erin Turner, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, p. 8.

[54]      Ms Erin Turner, CHOICE, Committee Hansard, 29 August 2018, pp. 7–8. Also see: Miss Jasmine Erhard, Submission 73, [p. 3].

[55]      Mrs Jenny Kent, Pets Australia, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 13.

[56]      US Food and Drug Administration, Safety Reporting Portal, https://www.safetyreporting.hhs.gov/SRP2/en/Home.aspx?sid=47daf619-3c01-47e6-ad36-ca3dc0dcc83b (accessed 16 September 2018).

[57]      CHOICE, Submission 143, [p. 4].

[58]      Australian National Cats Inc., Submission 101, [p. 2] and The Cat Protection Society of NSW Inc., Submission 29, [p. 2].

[59]      Dr Andrew Spanner, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 20.

[60]      Dr Camilla Forss, Submission 129, [p. 2].

[61]      Dr Camilla Forss, Submission 129, [p. 2].

Chapter 7 - Committee view and recommendations

[1]        Dr Joanne Sillince, Pets Australia, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2018, p. 13.

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