Footnotes

Chapter 1 - Introduction and context of inquiry

[1]        Journals of the Senate No. 32, 21 March 2017, pp. 1106-1107.

[2]        Journals of the Senate No. 48, 22 June 2017, p. 1552.

[3]        See www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Rural_and_Regional_Affairs_and_Transport.

[4]        Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences, Australian fisheries and aquaculture statistics 2015, December 2016, pp. 1-2.

[5]        Department of Agriculture, Australian food statistics 2012-13, June 2014, p. 29.

[6]        Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, answers to questions on notice, 11 September 2017 (received 26 September 2017).

[7]        Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, answers to questions on notice, 5 September 2017 (received 18 September 2017).

[8]        Dr Patrick Hone, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, answer to question taken on notice, 28 August 2017 (received 5 September 2017).

[9]        NSW Aquaculture Association Inc., Submission 4.

[10]      National Aquaculture Council, Submission 17, pp. 4, 9.

[11]      Mr Aaron Irving, National Aquaculture Council, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2017, p. 3.

[12]      Northern Territory Seafood Council, Submission 7, p. 1; Northern Territory Seafood Council, Submission 7.1, p. 1.

[13]      Northern Territory Seafood Council, Submission 7, pp. 1-2; Northern Territory Seafood Council, Submission 7.1, p. 1.

[14]      Australian Barramundi Farmers Association, Submission 12, pp. 1, 4.

[15]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Report into the cause of white spot syndrome virus outbreak in the Logan River area of Queensland – December 2016, Interim report, May 2017, p. 5.

[16]      Dr Len Stephens, Final Report: Prawn White Spot Disease Response Plan, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, March 2017, p. 8.

          Further information on white spot disease, including a description of the disease and its signs and symptoms, can be found in Chapter 1 of the committee's interim report. 

[17]      Department of Agriculture, Disease strategy: White spot disease (Version 2.0), Australian Aquatic Veterinary Emergency Plan (AQUAVETPLAN), 2013, p. 9; Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, White spot disease information, 2017.

[18]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Report into the cause of white spot syndrome virus outbreak in the Logan River area of Queensland – December 2016, Interim report, May 2017, p. 14.

[19]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, response to questions on notice, 5 September 2017 (received 18 September 2017).

[20]      Further information on the outbreak and spread of WSD can be found in Chapter 1 of the committee's interim report.   

[21]      Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, White spot disease, 20 September 2017, https://www.daf.qld.gov.au/animal-industries/animal-health-and-diseases/a-z-list/white-spot-disease (accessed 10 October 2017).

[22]      See for example: Dr Ben Diggles, Field observations and assessment of the response to an outbreak of White Spot Disease (WSD) in Black Tiger Prawns (Penaeus monodon) farmed on the Logan River in November 2016, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, 21 February 2017.

          A full list of FRDC white spot reports can be found at: http://frdc.com.au/sitecore/content/frdc/environment/aquatic%20animal%20health%20and%20biosecurity/white%20spot%20syndrome (accessed 29 September 2017).

[23]      Department of Agriculture, Australian Aquatic Veterinary Emergency Plan, Disease Strategy, White spot disease, Version 2.0, 2013, pp. 29, 46.

          Chapter 2 of the committee's interim report details the key legislative and regulatory principles underpinning Australia's biosecurity regime.

[24]      Department of Agriculture, Australian Aquatic Veterinary Emergency Plan, Disease Strategy, White spot disease, Version 2.0, 2013, p. 46.

[25]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Submission 9, p. 43. 

[26]      Dr Len Stephens, Final Report: Prawn White Spot Disease Response Plan, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, March 2017, p. 5.

[27]      World Organisation for Animal Health, Aquatic Animal Health Code, Chapter 9.8: Infection with white spot syndrome virus, 2017; Department of Agriculture, Australian Aquatic Veterinary Emergency Plan, Disease Strategy, White spot disease, Version 2.0, 2013, p. 57.

[28]      Dr Allison Crook and Dr Jim Thompson, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 26.

[29]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, response to questions on notice, 28 August 2017 (received 11 September 2017).

[30]      Dr Elizabeth Woods, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 17. The department later clarified that there were bacterial, not viral, diseases of concern in the area; see Dr Allison Crook, Chief Veterinary Officer, Biosecurity Queensland, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, pp. 19-20.

[31]      Dr Elizabeth Woods, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, pp. 17-18; Dr Jim Thompson, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 23; Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, correction to evidence given at a public hearing on 27 June 2017, received 27 July 2017.

[32]      Dr Elizabeth Woods, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 18.

[33]      Dr Elizabeth Woods, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 18.

[34]      Dr Elizabeth Woods, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 18.

[35]      Dr Len Stephens, Final Report: Prawn White Spot Disease Response Plan, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, March 2017, p. 13.

[36]      Dr Jim Thompson, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 22.

[37]      Dr Allison Crook, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, pp. 25-26.

[38]      Dr Len Stephens, Final Report: Prawn White Spot Disease Response Plan, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, March 2017, p. 6.

[39]      Dr Len Stephens, Final Report: Prawn White Spot Disease Response Plan, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, March 2017, pp. 8, 20.

[40]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, answers to questions on notice, 5 September 2017 (answered 18 September 2017).

[41]      The committee's interim report can be found here: http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Rural_and_Regional_Affairs_and_Transport/Seafoodimportation/Interim_Report 

[42]      Detailed discussion on the import suspension, and the variations to that suspension, can be found in Chapter 3 of the committee's interim report.

[43]      The Hon Barnaby Joyce MP, Minister for Agriculture and Water Resources, 'Australia suspends raw prawn imports', Media Release, 6 January 2017.

[44]      Global Seafood Distributors Australia Pty Ltd, Submission 11, pp. 1-3.

[45]      Global Seafood Distributors Australia Pty Ltd, Submission 11, p. 2.

[46]      Mr Alistair Dick, Gold Coast Marine Aquaculture, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 9.

[47]      A copy of the model export health certificate required to be completed as 7 July 2017 can be found here: https://members.wto.org/crnattachments/2017/SPS/AUS/17_2994_00_e.PDF.

[48]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Biosecurity Advice 2017/12: End of prawn suspension and import conditions for prawns and prawn products for human consumption, 30 June 2017, p. 1.

[49]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Biosecurity Advice 2017/12: End of prawn suspension and import conditions for prawns and prawn products for human consumption, 30 June 2017, p. 2.

[50]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Biosecurity Advice 2017/12: End of prawn suspension and import conditions for prawns and prawn products for human consumption, 30 June 2017, p. 2.

[51]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, answers to questions on notice, 11 September 2017 (received 26 September 2017).

[52]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, answers to questions on notice, 11 September 2017 (received 26 September 2017).

[53]      Mr Tim Chapman, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Committee Hansard, 11 September 2017, p. 7.

[54]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Submission 9.1, 24 August 2017, p. 5.

[55]      Dr Elizabeth Woods, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 26.

[56]      Australian Prawn Farmers Association, Supplementary submission, p. 4 (tabled 27 June 2017).

[57]      Mr Ian Rossmann, GI Rural, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 6.

[58]      Ms Serena Zipf, Rocky Point Prawn Farm, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, pp. 6-7.

[59]      Mr Eric Perez, Queensland Seafood Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 30.  

[60]      Mr Eric Perez, Queensland Seafood Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 31.

[61]      Mr Tim Chapman, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Committee Hansard, 11 September 2017, p. 8.

          Testing for WSSV is discussed further in Chapter 3 of this report.

Chapter 2 - The impact of WSD on industries

[1]        Mr Aaron Irving, National Aquaculture Council, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2017, p. 5.

[2]        Australian Recreational Fishing Foundation, Submission 3.

[3]        Northern Territory Seafood Council, Submission 7, p. 1.

[4]        Dr Richard Smullen, Ridley Corporation, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 12.

[5]        Australian Council of Prawn Fisheries, Submission 14, p. 5.

[6]        Ridge Partners, Summary Overview: Economic Impact of 2016 White Spot Disease Outbreak, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, 2017, p. 3.

[7]        Ridge Partners, Summary Overview: Economic Impact of 2016 White Spot Disease Outbreak, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, 2017, pp. 6-8.

[8]        Ridge Partners, Summary Overview: Economic Impact of 2016 White Spot Disease Outbreak, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, 2017, p. 9.

[9]        Mr Daniel Rossmann, DS Farms, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 4.

[10]      DS Farms Pty Ltd, Submission 5, p.1.

[11]      Mr Stephen Parker, Prawn Park, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 10.

[12]      Dr Jim Thompson, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 26.

[13]      Dr Len Stephens, Final Report: Prawn White Spot Disease Response Plan, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, March 2017, pp. 6, 20-21.

[14]      Ridge Partners, Summary Overview: Economic Impact of 2016 White Spot Disease Outbreak, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, 2017, p. 10.

[15]      Mr Johnathon Davey, National Seafood Industry Alliance, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2017, p. 1.

[16]      Mr Eric Perez, Queensland Seafood Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, pp. 30-31.

[17]      Queensland Seafood Industry Association, Submission 15, p. 19; Mr Eric Perez, Queensland Seafood Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 30.

[18]      Ms Nicole Dymock, East Coast Live Bait Wholesalers, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 31.

[19]      Mr Ian Hamilton, Private capacity, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 33.

[20]      Mr Lionel Riesenweber, Private capacity, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, pp. 32-33.

[21]      Kylie Knight, 'Moreton Bay seafood industry pleads for "level playing field" in white spot disease regulations', Courier‑Mail, 19 July 2017, http://www.couriermail.com.au/questnews/moreton/moreton-bay-seafood-industry-pleads-for-level-playing-field-in-white-spot-disease-regulations/news-story/64500c4e9ba96638ef9b1a9715e3775f (accessed 19 July 2017).

[22]      Dr Ben Diggles, Field observations and assessment of the response to an outbreak of White Spot Disease (WSD) in Black Tiger Prawns (Penaeus monodon) farmed on the Logan River in November 2016, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, 21 February 2017, p. 47.  

[23]      Seafood Importers Association of Australasia Inc., Submission 13, p. 2.

[24]      Seafood Importers Association of Australasia Inc., Submission 13, p. 10.

[25]      Seafood Importers Association of Australasia Inc., Submission 13, p. 2.

[26]      Global Seafood Distributors Australia Pty Ltd, Submission 11, p. 4.

[27]      Restaurant & Catering Industry Association, Submission 6, p. 1.

[28]      Restaurant & Catering Industry Association, Submission 6, p. 1.

[29]      Queensland Parliament Agriculture and Environment Committee, Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries and Minister for Rural Economic Development, Response to Government Question on Notice No. 6, 28 June 2017. 

          A breakdown on the allocation of this funding can be found within the Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, answer to question taken on notice, 27 June 2017 (received 27 July 2017).

[30]      Queensland Parliament Agriculture and Environment Committee, Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries and Minister for Rural Economic Development, Response to Government Question on Notice No. 6, 28 June 2017. 

[31]      Queensland Parliament Agriculture and Environment Committee, Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries and Minister for Rural Economic Development, Response to Government Question on Notice No. 6, 28 June 2017. 

[32]      Queensland Parliament Agriculture and Environment Committee, Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries and Minister for Rural Economic Development, Response to Government Question on Notice No. 6, 28 June 2017. 

[33]      The Hon Bill Byrne MP, Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries and Minister for Rural Economic Development, 'Up to $3 million available for prawn farmers affected by White Spot', Media Release, 21 July 2017.

[34]      The Hon Bill Byrne MP, Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries and Minister for Rural Economic Development, 'Up to $3 million available for prawn farmers affected by White Spot', Media Release, 21 July 2017.

[35]      The Hon Bill Byrne MP, Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries and Rural Economic Development, 'Queenslanders deserve better from Commonwealth on white spot', Media Release, 5 May 2017.

[36]      The Hon Bill Byrne MP, Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries and Minister for Rural Economic Development, 'Assistance for prawn farmers hit by White Spot Disease', Media Release, 12 December 2016.

[37]      Queensland Parliament Agriculture and Environment Committee, Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries and Minister for Rural Economic Development, Response to Government Question on Notice No. 6, 28 June 2017. 

[38]      The Hon Barnaby Joyce MP, Deputy Prime Minister and Minster for Agriculture and Water Resources, 'Emergency assistance for prawn disease response', Media Release, 26 January 2017.

[39]      The Hon Barnaby Joyce MP, Deputy Prime Minister and Minster for Agriculture and Water Resources, 'Australia suspends raw prawn imports', Media Release, 6 January 2017.

[40]      Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, pp. 35-36.

[41]      The Hon Bill Byrne MP, Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries and Rural Economic Development, 'Queenslanders deserve better from Commonwealth on white spot', Media Release, 5 May 2017.

[42]      The Hon Barnaby Joyce MP, Deputy Prime Minister and Minster for Agriculture and Water Resources, 'Logan River prawn farmers reel in federal financial support', Media Release, 15 August 2017.

[43]      Ms Lyn O'Connell, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Committee Hansard, 11 September 2017, pp. 1-2.

[44]      Animal Health Australia, EAD Response Agreement, 31 July 2017, https://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ead-response-agreement/ (accessed 7 September 2017).

[45]      Animal Health Australia, Development of an Aquatic Emergency Animal Disease Response Agreement, 29 June 2017, https://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/development-emergency-aquatic-animal-disease-response-arrangements/ (accessed 4 August 2017).

[46]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, response to written questions on notice, 28 August 2017 (received 11 September 2017).

[47]      Animal Health Australia, Development of an Aquatic Deed – project update: June 2017, p. 2, https://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/wp-content/uploads/Aquatic-Deed-update-for-stakeholders-June-2017.pdf (accessed 7 September 2017).

[48]      Marty McCarthy, 'White spot outbreak a 'wake-up call' for Australia's biosecurity system, as prawn farmers claim imports are to blame', ABC Rural, 23 December 2016, http://www.abc.net.au/news/rural/2016-12-23/qld-prawn-farmers-blame-white-spot-outbreak-on-imported-prawns/8144876 (accessed 19 July 2017).

[49]      Dr Jim Thompson, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 25.

[50]      Dr Elizabeth Woods, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 18.

[51]      Queensland Seafood Industry Association, Submission 15, p. 28.

[52]      Mr Eric Perez, Queensland Seafood Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 32.

[53]      Mr Johnathon Davey, National Seafood Industry Alliance, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2017, p. 2.

[54]      Australian Council of Prawn Fisheries, Submission 14, pp. 19-20; Ms Annie Jarrett, Australian Council of Prawn Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 10 April 2017, p. 28.

[55]      National Aquaculture Council, Submission 17, p. 16.

[56]      Mr Aaron Irving, National Aquaculture Council, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2017, p. 3.

[57]      Dr Len Stephens, Final Report: Prawn White Spot Disease Response Plan, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, March 2017, pp. 7, 25, 27.

Chapter 3 - Seafood imports and potential disease pathways

[1]        Background information on WSSV can be found in Chapter 1 of the committee's interim report.

[2]        Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Report into the cause of white spot syndrome virus outbreak in the Logan River area of Queensland – December 2016, Interim Report, May 2017, p. 6.

[3]        Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Report into the cause of white spot syndrome virus outbreak in the Logan River area of Queensland – December 2016, Interim report, May 2017, pp. 7-8.

[4]        Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, answers to questions on notice, 5 September 2017 (answered 18 September 2017).

[5]        Ms Lyn O'Connell, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Committee Hansard, 11 September 2017, p. 2.

[6]        Dr Andrew Cupit, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Committee Hansard, 11 September 2017, p. 5.

[7]        Dr Patrick Hone, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2017, pp. 16-17.

[8]        Dr Ben Diggles, Field observations and assessment of the response to an outbreak of White Spot Disease (WSD) in Black Tiger Prawns (Penaeus monodon) farmed on the Logan River in November 2016, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, 21 February 2017, p. 44. 

[9]        Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Report into the cause of white spot syndrome virus outbreak in the Logan River area of Queensland – December 2016, Interim report, May 2017, p. 15.

[10]      Ridley Corporation, opening statement, p. 2 (tabled 27 June 2017).

[11]      Ridley Corporation, opening statement, p. 2 (tabled 27 June 2017),  Dr Richard Smullen, Ridley Corporation, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 12.

[12]      Dr Richard Smullen, Ridley Corporation, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 14.

[13]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Report into the cause of white spot syndrome virus outbreak in the Logan River area of Queensland – December 2016, Interim report, May 2017, pp. 11-12.

[14]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Report into the cause of white spot syndrome virus outbreak in the Logan River area of Queensland – December 2016, Interim report, May 2017, p. 12.

[15]      Dr Len Stephens, Final Report: Prawn White Spot Disease Response Plan, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, March 2017, p. 10.

[16]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Report into the cause of white spot syndrome virus outbreak in the Logan River area of Queensland – December 2016, Interim report, May 2017, p. 13.

[17]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Report into the cause of white spot syndrome virus outbreak in the Logan River area of Queensland – December 2016, Interim report, May 2017, p. 13.

[18]      Dr Ben Diggles, Field observations and assessment of the response to an outbreak of White Spot Disease (WSD) in Black Tiger Prawns (Penaeus monodon) farmed on the Logan River in November 2016, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, 21 February 2017, p. 44.  

[19]      Dr Len Stephens, Final Report: Prawn White Spot Disease Response Plan, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, March 2017, pp. 6, 17.

[20]      Monckton Consulting Pty Ltd, Submission 10, p. 3.

[21]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Report into the cause of white spot syndrome virus outbreak in the Logan River area of Queensland – December 2016, Interim report, May 2017, p. 14.

[22]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Report into the cause of white spot syndrome virus outbreak in the Logan River area of Queensland – December 2016, Interim report, May 2017, p. 14.

[23]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Report into the cause of white spot syndrome virus outbreak in the Logan River area of Queensland – December 2016, Interim report, May 2017, p. 14.

[24]      Australian Prawn Farmers Association, Supplementary submission, p. 3 (tabled 27 June 2017).

[25]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Report into the cause of white spot syndrome virus outbreak in the Logan River area of Queensland – December 2016, Interim report, May 2017, p. 9.

[26]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Report into the cause of white spot syndrome virus outbreak in the Logan River area of Queensland – December 2016, Interim report, May 2017, p. 10.

[27]      Dr Ben Diggles, Field observations and assessment of the response to an outbreak of White Spot Disease (WSD) in Black Tiger Prawns (Penaeus monodon) farmed on the Logan River in November 2016, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, 21 February 2017, pp. 4, 43. 

[28]      DigsFish Services Pty Ltd, Submission 1, p. 7.

[29]      Dr Ben Diggles, Field observations and assessment of the response to an outbreak of White Spot Disease (WSD) in Black Tiger Prawns (Penaeus monodon) farmed on the Logan River in November 2016, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, 21 February 2017, p. 46.  

[30]      Australian Prawn Farmers Association, Submission 2, p. 9.

[31]      Senator Chris Back and Dr Allison Crook, Chief Veterinary Officer, Biosecurity Queensland, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 20.

[32]      Marty McCarthy, 'White spot outbreak a 'wake-up call for Australia's biosecurity system, as prawn farmers claim imports are to blame', ABC Rural, 23 December 2016, http://www.abc.net.au/news/rural/2016-12-23/qld-prawn-farmers-blame-white-spot-outbreak-on-imported-prawns/8144876 (accessed 19 July 2017).

[33]      Seafood Importers Association of Australasia Inc., Submission 13, p. 21.

[34]      Biosecurity Australia, Generic Import Risk Analysis Report for Prawns and Prawn Products, October 2009, p. 182.

[35]      DigsFish Services Pty Ltd, Submission 1, pp. 14 ‑16.

[36]      Ms Serena Zipf, Rocky Point Prawn Farm, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 7.

[37]      Ms Serena Zipf, Rocky Point Prawn Farm, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 7.

[38]      Ms Serena Zipf, Rocky Point Prawn Farm, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 7.

[39]      Mr Scott Spencer, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, pp. 23-24.

[40]      Mr Eric Perez, Queensland Seafood Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 30.

[41]      National Seafood Industry Alliance, Submission 16, p. 11.

[42]      Global Seafood Distributors Australia Pty Ltd, Submission 11, p. 4.

[43]      The Hon Niall Blair MLC, Minister for Primary Industries, Regional Water and Trade and Industry, 'White spot top priority for fisheries ministers', Media Release, 31 March 2017.

[44]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Report into the cause of white spot syndrome virus outbreak in the Logan River area of Queensland – December 2016, Interim report, May 2017, p. 15.

[45]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Report into the cause of white spot syndrome virus outbreak in the Logan River area of Queensland – December 2016, Interim report, May 2017, pp. 15‑17.

[46]      Seafood Importers Association of Australasia Inc., Submission 13, p. 20.

[47]      Seafood Importers Association of Australasia Inc., Submission 13, pp. 16-17.

[48]      Australian Council of Prawn Fisheries, Submission 14, p. 17.

[49]      Mr Alistair Dick, Gold Coast Marine Aquaculture, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 2.

[50]      Ms Serena Zipf, Rocky Point Prawn Farm, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 3.

[51]      Mr Ian Rossmann, GI Rural, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 3.

[52]      Associate Professor Wayne Knibb, Submission 19, p. 1.

[53]      Associate Professor Wayne Knibb, Submission 19, p. 2.

[54]      Associate Professor Wayne Knibb, Submission 19, p. 2.

[55]      Marty McCarthy, 'Aquatic researchers say they have proven white spot outbreak in prawns came from overseas', ABC Rural, 19 June 2017, http://www.abc.net.au/news/rural/2017-06-19/white-spot-research-blames-imported-prawns/8629918 (accessed 19 June 2017).

[56]      Marty McCarthy, 'Aquatic researchers say they have proven white spot outbreak in prawns came from overseas', ABC Rural, 19 June 2017.

[57]      Ms Lyn O'Connell, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Committee Hansard, 11 September 2017, p. 2.

[58]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, answers to questions on notice, 5 September 2017 (answered 18 September 2017).

Chapter 4 - Operation Cattai and stakeholder communication

[1]        The Hon Barnaby Joyce MP, Deputy Prime Minister and Minster for Agriculture and Water Resources, 'Australia suspends raw prawn imports', Media Release, 6 January 2017.

[2]        The Hon Bill Byrne MP, Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries and Rural Economic Development, 'Australian and Queensland governments working together to respond to white spot outbreak', Media Release, 17 February 2017.

[3]        The Hon Bill Byrne MP, Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries and Rural Economic Development, 'It's time for Barnaby to put up on White Spot', Media Release, 28 April 2017.

[4]        The Hon Bill Byrne MP, Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries and Rural Economic Development, 'It's time for Barnaby to put up on White Spot', Media Release, 28 April 2017.

[5]        The Hon Bill Byrne MP, Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland Parliament Estimates, Agriculture and Environment Committee, Proof Transcript, 21 July 2017, p. 14.

[6]        The Hon Bill Byrne MP, answer to Government Question on Notice No. 7, Queensland Agriculture and Environment Committee, 28 June 2017.

[7]        Detailed discussion on Operation Cattai can be found in Chapters 3 and 5 of the committee's interim report.

[8]        Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, response to written questions on notice, 28 August 2017 (received 11 September 2017); Mr Wayne Terpstra, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Committee Hansard, 11 September 2017, p. 10.

[9]        Mr Wayne Terpstra, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Committee Hansard, 11 September 2017, p. 9.

[10]      Ms Lyn O'Connell, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Estimates Hansard, 28 February 2017, pp. 118-119.

[11]      Mr Wayne Terpstra, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Committee Hansard, 28 March 2017, p. 11.

[12]      The Hon Bill Byrne MP, Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland Parliament Estimates, Agriculture and Environment Committee, Proof Transcript, 21 July 2017, p. 14.

[13]      Dr Jim Thompson, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, pp. 22-23.

[14]      Dr Elizabeth Woods, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 23.

[15]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, response to written questions on notice, 28 August 2017 (received 11 September 2017).

[16]      Dr Ben Diggles, Field observations and assessment of the response to an outbreak of White Spot Disease (WSD) in Black Tiger Prawns (Penaeus monodon) farmed on the Logan River in November 2016, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, 21 February 2017, p. 40. 

[17]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, response to written questions on notice, 28 August 2017 (received 11 September 2017).

[18]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, response to written questions on notice, 28 August 2017 (received 11 September 2017).

[19]      Mr Nick Moore, Gold Coast Marine Aquaculture, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, pp. 5, 9.

[20]      Mr Nick Moore, Gold Coast Marine Aquaculture, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 5.

[21]      National Seafood Industry Alliance, Submission 16, p. 5.

[22]      Australian Council of Prawn Fisheries, Submission 14, p. 7.

[23]      National Aquaculture Council, Submission 17, p. 6.

[24]      Australian Prawn Farmers Association, Submission 2, p. 22.

[25]      The Hon Bill Byrne MP, Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland Parliament Estimates, Agriculture and Environment Committee, Proof Transcript, 21 July 2017, p. 14.

[26]      Queensland Seafood Industry Association, Submission 15, p. 10.

[27]      National Seafood Industry Alliance, Submission 16, p. 4.

[28]      Mr Johnathon Davey, National Seafood Industry Alliance, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2017, p. 6.

[29]      See the discussion on Operation Cattai in Chapter 3 of the committee's interim report.

[30]      Monckton Consulting, Submission 10, p. 7.

[31]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Supplementary Submission, 24 August 2017, p. 6.

[32]      Ms Lyn O'Connell, Department of Agriculture and Water Resource, Committee Hansard, 11 September 2017, p. 2.

[33]      Seafood Importers Association of Australasia Inc., Submission 13, p. 14.

[34]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Approved arrangements, 9 March 2017, http://www.agriculture.gov.au/import/arrival/arrangements (accessed 7 September 2017).

[35]      Community and Public Sector Union, Submission 8, pp. 3-4.

[36]      Detailed discussion on the WSSV testing regime can be found in Chapter 4 of the committee's interim report.

[37]      Dr Patrick Hone, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2017, p. 15.

[38]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Submission 9.1, pp. 2-3. Further information on OIE white spot testing procedures can be found in Chapter 2.2.8 – White spot disease, OIE Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals, 2017, http://www.oie.int/fileadmin/Home/eng/Health_standards/aahm/current/chapitre_wsd.pdf.

[39]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Submission 9.1, p. 1.

[40]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Submission 9.1, p. 3.

[41]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Submission 9.1, pp. 2-3.

[42]      Dr Andrew Cupit, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Committee Hansard, 11 September 2017, p. 4.

[43]      Dr Andrew Cupit and Ms Lyn O'Connell, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Committee Hansard, 11 September 2017, pp. 3, 4, 7.

[44]      Mr Tim Chapman, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Committee Hansard, 11 September 2017, p. 8.

[45]      Mr Tim Chapman, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Committee Hansard, 11 September 2017, p. 7.

[46]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Supplementary Submission, 24 August 2017, p. 4.

[47]      Dr Patrick Hone, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2017, p. 13.

[48]      Committee Hansard, 28 March 2017, pp. 4-5.

[49]      Committee Hansard, 28 March 2017, p. 5; Committee Hansard, 11 September 2017, pp. 2-3.

[50]      Seafood Importers Association of Australasia Inc., Submission 13, pp. 13, 18-19.

[51]      Seafood Importers Association of Australasia Inc., Submission 13, p. 3.

[52]      Australian Prawn Farmers Association, Submission 2, p. 3.

Chapter 5 - 2009 Import Risk Analysis for Prawns and Prawn Products

[1]        Biosecurity Australia, Generic Import Risk Analysis Report for Prawns and Prawn Products, October 2009, p. 13.

[2]        Biosecurity Australia, Generic Import Risk Analysis Report for Prawns and Prawn Products, October 2009, p. 13.

[3]        Biosecurity Australia, Generic Import Risk Analysis Report for Prawns and Prawn Products, October 2009, p. 14.

[4]        World Trade Organization, 'Understanding the WTO Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures', https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/sps_e/spsund_e.htm (accessed 10 August 2017).

          The SPS Agreement is discussed further in Chapter 3 of the committee's interim report.

[5]        World Trade Organization, Committee on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures, Notification G/SPS/N/AUS/124, 23 November 2000.

[6]        World Trade Organization, Sanitary and Phytosanitary Information Management System, Specific Trade Concern Number 85: Import restrictions on prawns and prawn products; revised generic IRA for prawns and prawn products, http://spsims.wto.org/en/SpecificTradeConcerns/View/19 (accessed 10 August 2017).

[7]        World Trade Organization, Sanitary and Phytosanitary Information Management System, Specific Trade Concern Number 85: Import restrictions on prawns and prawn products; revised generic IRA for prawns and prawn products.

[8]        World Trade Organization, Sanitary and Phytosanitary Information Management System, Specific Trade Concern Number 85: Import restrictions on prawns and prawn products; revised generic IRA for prawns and prawn products.

The WSD outbreak referred to was the 2000 incident in Darwin aquaculture research facilities. 

[9]        World Trade Organization, Sanitary and Phytosanitary Information Management System, Specific Trade Concern Number 85: Import restrictions on prawns and prawn products; revised generic IRA for prawns and prawn products.

[10]      World Trade Organization, Sanitary and Phytosanitary Information Management System, Specific Trade Concern Number 85: Import restrictions on prawns and prawn products; revised generic IRA for prawns and prawn products.

[11]      World Trade Organization, Sanitary and Phytosanitary Information Management System, Specific Trade Concern Number 85: Import restrictions on prawns and prawn products; revised generic IRA for prawns and prawn products.

[12]      World Trade Organization, Sanitary and Phytosanitary Information Management System, Specific Trade Concern Number 85: Import restrictions on prawns and prawn products; revised generic IRA for prawns and prawn products.

[13]      World Trade Organization, Sanitary and Phytosanitary Information Management System, Specific Trade Concern Number 85: Import restrictions on prawns and prawn products; revised generic IRA for prawns and prawn products.

[14]      Biosecurity Australia, Generic Import Risk Analysis Report for Prawns and Prawn Products, October 2009, p. 15.

[15]      Biosecurity Australia, Generic Import Risk Analysis Report for Prawns and Prawn Products, October 2009, p. 11.

[16]      Biosecurity Australia, Generic Import Risk Analysis Report for Prawns and Prawn Products, October 2009, pp. 11-12.

[17]      Biosecurity Australia, Generic Import Risk Analysis Report for Prawns and Prawn Products, October 2009, pp. 190-191.

[18]      Biosecurity Australia, Generic Import Risk Analysis Report for Prawns and Prawn Products, October 2009, p. 11.

[19]      Biosecurity Australia, Generic Import Risk Analysis Report for Prawns and Prawn Products, October 2009, p. 179.

[20]      Biosecurity Australia, Generic Import Risk Analysis Report for Prawns and Prawn Products, October 2009, p. 112.

[21]      Biosecurity Australia, Generic Import Risk Analysis Report for Prawns and Prawn Products, October 2009, p. 112.

[22]      Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 21.

[23]      Dr Elizabeth Woods, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 20.

[24]      Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, file copy of correspondence to Biosecurity Australia, Reference 07/02107, 16 February 2007, p. 4.

[25]      Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, file copy of correspondence to Biosecurity Australia, Reference 07/02107, 16 February 2007, p. 4.

[26]      Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, file copy of correspondence to Biosecurity Australia, Reference 07/02107, 16 February 2007, p. 1.

[27]      Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, file copy of correspondence to Biosecurity Australia, Reference 07/02107, 16 February 2007, p. 1.

[28]      Dr Elizabeth Woods, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 25.

[29]      Mr Johnathon Davey, National Seafood Industry Alliance, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2017, p. 1; National Seafood Industry Alliance, Submission 16, pp. 7-8.

[30]      Australian Prawn Farmers Association, Submission 2, p. 17.

[31]      Australian Council of Prawn Fisheries, Submission 14, p. 5.

[32]      Australian Council of Prawn Fisheries, Submission 14, pp. 18-19.

[33]      Dr Ben Diggles, Field observations and assessment of the response to an outbreak of White Spot Disease (WSD) in Black Tiger Prawns (Penaeus monodon) farmed on the Logan River in November 2016, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, 21 February 2017, p. 47.  

[34]      Seafood Importers Association of Australasia Inc., Submission 13, p. 13.

[35]      Seafood Importers Association of Australasia Inc., Submission 13, p. 22.

[36]      Australian Barramundi Farmers Association, Submission 12, p. 3.

[37]      Dr Patrick Hone, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2017, p. 12.

[38]      Australian Barramundi Farmers Association, Submission 12, p. 4; Australian Council of Prawn Fisheries, Submission 14, p. 11; National Aquaculture Council, Submission 17, pp. 4-5, 10.

[39]      Monckton Consulting Pty Ltd, Submission 10, p. 6.

[40]      Seafood Importers Association of Australasia Inc., Submission 13, pp. 3, 16.

[41]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Review of import conditions for prawns and prawn products, 16 May 2017, http://www.agriculture.gov.au/about/media-centre/media-releases/review-prawn-prawn-products (accessed 26 September 2017).

[42]      Ms Lyn O'Connell, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Committee Hansard, 11 September 2017, p. 2.

[43]      DigsFish Services Pty Ltd., Submission 1, p. 11 (includes a non‑exhaustive list of new and emerging prawn diseases); Mr Alistair Dick, Gold Coast Marine Aquaculture, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 6.

[44]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, answers to questions on notice, 5 September 2017 (received 18 September 2017).

[45]      Australian Prawn Farmers Association, Submission 2, p. 18.

[46]      Australian Barramundi Farmers Association, Submission 12, p. 5.

[47]      DigsFish Services Pty Ltd., Submission 1, pp. 21-22.

[48]      National Seafood Industry Alliance, Submission 16, pp. 9-10; 18.

[49]      Seafood Importers Association of Australasia Inc., Submission 13, p. 4.

[50]      Seafood Importers Association of Australasia Inc., Submission 13, pp. 4, 8; Dr Patrick Hone, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, answer to question taken on notice, 28 August 2017 (received 5 September 2017).

[51]      Ms Lyn O'Connell, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Committee Hansard, 11 September 2017, p. 10.

[52]      The Hon Barnaby Joyce MP, correspondence to Mr Michael Crandon MP, 5 July 2017 (received 27 July 2017).

[53]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Report into the cause of white spot syndrome virus outbreak in the Logan River area of Queensland – December 2016, Interim report, May 2017, p. 10.

[54]      Dr Ben Diggles, Field observations and assessment of the response to an outbreak of White Spot Disease (WSD) in Black Tiger Prawns (Penaeus monodon) farmed on the Logan River in November 2016, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, 21 February 2017, p. 46. 

[55]      Mr Alistair Dick, Gold Coast Marine Aquaculture, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 2.

[56]      National Seafood Industry Alliance, Submission 16, pp. 7-8.

[57]      Australian Prawn Farmers Association, Submission 2, p. 19.

[58]      Seafood Importers Association of Australasia Inc., Submission 13, p. 20.

[59]      Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, answers to questions on notice, 5 September 2017 (received 18 September 2017).

Chapter 6 - Committee views and recommendations

[1]        Dr Elizabeth Woods, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 19.

[2]        Dr Ben Diggles, Field observations and assessment of the response to an outbreak of White Spot Disease (WSD) in Black Tiger Prawns (Penaeus monodon) farmed on the Logan River in November 2016, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, 21 February 2017, p. 41. 

[3]        Dr Ben Diggles, Field observations and assessment of the response to an outbreak of White Spot Disease (WSD) in Black Tiger Prawns (Penaeus monodon) farmed on the Logan River in November 2016, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, 21 February 2017, p. 41. 

[4]        Dr Ben Diggles, Field observations and assessment of the response to an outbreak of White Spot Disease (WSD) in Black Tiger Prawns (Penaeus monodon) farmed on the Logan River in November 2016, Fisheries and Research Development Corporation, 21 February 2017, pp. 40‑41. 

[5]        National Seafood Industry Alliance, Submission 16, p. 6.

[6]        Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Submission 9, p. 47; Committee Hansard, 28 March 2017, pp. 10-11; Correspondence received from the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, 11 July 2017.

[7]        Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Submission 9, p. 47.

[8]        Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Submission 9.1, 24 August 2017, p. 4.

[9]        Dr Elizabeth Woods, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee Hansard, 27 June 2017, p. 25.

[10]      See Inspector‑General of Biosecurity, Current reviews, http://www.igb.gov.au/Pages/
suspension-uncooked-prawn-imports.aspx
(accessed 28 September 2017).

[11]      Dr Patrick Hone, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Committee Hansard, 28 August 2017, p. 11.

[12]      National Seafood Industry Alliance and National Aquaculture Council, answer to question taken on notice, 28 August 2017 (received 12 and 18 September 2017).

[13]      National Aquaculture Council, Submission 17, p. 11.

[14]      Seafood Importers Association of Australasia Inc., Submission 13, p. 35.

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