Footnotes

Chapter 1 - Introduction and background

[1]        The Senate's rural and regional affairs committee has, over many years, undertaken various inquiries in relation to Australia's meat industry. At various times, the committees undertaking these inquiries have been the Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, the Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee, and the Senate Standing Committee on Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport.

[2]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee, The Australian meat industry consultative structure and quota allocation – Second report: Existing government advisory structures in the Australian meat industry, December 2002, p. 23.

[3]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee, The Australian meat industry consultative structure and quota allocation – Second report: Existing government advisory structures in the Australian meat industry, December 2002, p. 23.

[4]        Senate Standing Committee on Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport, Interim Report into Meat Marketing, September 2008, p. 1.

[5]        Senate Standing Committee on Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport, Interim Report into Meat Marketing, September 2008, p. 1.

[6]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Report into Meat Marketing, June 2009, p. 2.

[7]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Report into Beef imports into Australia, July 2013, p. 1.

[8]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, p. 1.

[9]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, p. 5.

[10]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, pp 5 and 6.

[11]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, p. 12.

[12]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, pp xiii and xiv.

[13]      As noted in submissions to: Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Effect of market consolidation on the red meat processing sector: Interim report, May 2016 – Mr Julian Carroll, Submission 48, p. 2, Victorian Farmers Federation – Ovens Valley Branch, Submission 62, p. 3, Ms Loretta Carroll, Submission 63, p. 3 and Mr Peter McHugh, Private Capacity, Committee Hansard, 4 August 2015, p. 44.

[14]      Beef Central, Opinion: Get on with Senate recommendations for grassfed reform, 1 February 2017 [p.4].

[15]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Effect of market consolidation on the red meat processing sector: Interim Report, May 2016, p. 13.

[16]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Effect of market consolidation on the red meat processing sector: Interim Report, May 2016, p. 80.

[17]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Effect of market consolidation on the red meat processing sector: Interim Report, May 2016, p. 79.

[18]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Effect of market consolidation on the red meat processing sector: Interim Report, May 2016, p. 80.

[19]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Effect of market consolidation on the red meat processing sector: Interim Report, May 2016, p. 81.

[20]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, p. 1.

[21]      Beef Central, Opinion Piece: Strengthening the future of the grass fed cattle industry, The Hon. Barnaby Joyce, MP, Minister for Agriculture, 15 July 2015, p. 2.

[22]      Cattle Council of Australia, Beef Industry Strategic Plan 2020, 9 September 2015, p. 8.

[23]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Annual Report 2014-15, p. 6.

Chapter 2 - The ACCC's Cattle and Beef Market Study

[1]        Ms Loretta Carroll, Submission 63, p. 1. See also, Victorian Farmers Federation – Ovens Valley Branch, Submission 62, p. 1.

[2]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Effect of market consolidation on the red meat processing sector, Interim report, May 2016.

[3]        Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, 'Alleged Barnawartha boycott concerns investigated', Media release, 9 December 2015, cited in Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Effect of market consolidation on the red meat processing sector, Interim report, May 2016, p. 9.

[4]        Mr Bradley Teys, Teys Australia, Committee Hansard, 27 August 2015, p. 2.

[5]        Mr Ian Feldtmann, Victorian Farmers Federation, Committee Hansard, 2 September 2015, p. 30.

[6]        Mr Norman Sharp, Submission 27 and Ms Loretta Carroll, Submission 63, p.1, cited in Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Effect of market consolidation on the red meat processing sector: Interim Report, May 2016, p. 15.

[7]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Effect of market consolidation on the red meat processing sector: Interim Report, May 2016, pp 16-32.

[8]        Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Media Release, ACCC launches market study into cattle and beef industry, 5 April 2016, p. 1 and Australian Competition and Consumer Commission Media Release, Cattle and beef study reveals price transparency issues and allegations of anti-competitive conduct: ACCC, 31 October 2016, p. 1.

[9]        Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef markets – a market study by the ACCC: Issues Paper, 7 April 2016, p. 2.

[10]      Media Release, ACCC launches market study into cattle and beef industry, 5 April 2016, p. 1.

[11]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 3.

[12]      Cattle and beef market study – Final Report/Australian Policy Online, http://apo.org.au/node/74287, accessed 10 March 2017.

[13]      Beef Central, Beef sectors react to ACCC beef and cattle market study, 8 March 2017, [p. 2].

[14]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 3.

[15]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 3.

[16]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 3.

[17]      The following section is based on material contained in Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016 and Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 3.

[18]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 4.

[19]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 5.

[20]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 4.

[21]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 10.

[22]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 4.

[23]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 10.

[24]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 4.

[25]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 9.

[26]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 8.

[27]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 9.

[28]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 9.

[29]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 4.

[30]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 9.

[31]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 9.

[32]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 4.

[33]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 9.

[34]      Cattle and beef market study – Final Report/Australian Policy Online, http://apo.org.au/node/74287, accessed 10 March 2017.

[35]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 12.

[36]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 12.

[37]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 77.

[38]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 77.

[39]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 5.

[40]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 5.

[41]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 5.

[42]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission Media Release, Cattle and beef study reveals price transparency issues and allegations of anti-competitive conduct: ACCC, 31 October 2016, p. 1.

[43]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission Media Release, Cattle and beef study reveals price transparency issues and allegations of anti-competitive conduct: ACCC, 31 October 2016, p. 1.

[44]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017.

[45]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 13.

[46]      ABC Rural, ACCC calls for more transparency and better reporting on beef markets, 7 March 2017.

[47]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 14.

[48]      Beef Central, Has the ACCC thrown RMAC a massive hospital pass? 22 March 2017, [p. 2].

[49]      Beef Central, Has the ACCC thrown RMAC a massive hospital pass? 22 March 2017, [p. 7].

[50]      Beef Central, Has the ACCC thrown RMAC a massive hospital pass? 22 March 2017, [p. 3].

[51]      Beef Central, Has the ACCC thrown RMAC a massive hospital pass? 22 March 2017, [p. 3].

[52]      Ms Gabrielle Ford, General Manager, Agriculture Unit, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Committee Hansard, 8 August 2017, p. 3.

[53]      Ms Gabrielle Ford, General Manager, Agriculture Unit, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Committee Hansard, 8 August 2017, p. 4.

[54]      Correspondence from Mr Mick Keogh, Agriculture Commissioner, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, dated 28 August 2017,  p. 2.

[55]      Evidence provided by Mr Don Mackay, cited in Correspondence from Mr Mick Keogh, Agriculture Commissioner, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, dated 28 August 2017, p. 2.

[56]      Mr Richard Norton and Mr Sean Starling, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 10 August 2017.

[57]      Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Committee Hansard, 8 August 2017.

[58]      Mr Patrick Hutchinson, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Meat Industry Council, Committee Hansard, pp 11-21.

[59]      Correspondence from Mr Don Mackay, Independent Chair, Red Meat Advisory Council, dated 14 August 2017, p. 1.

[60]      Correspondence from Mr Don Mackay, Independent Chair, Red Meat Advisory Council, dated 14 August 2017, p. 1.

[61]      Mr Don Mackay, Independent Chair, Red Meat Advisory Council, Committee Hansard, 16 August 2017, p. 3.

[62]      Correspondence from Mr Mick Keogh, Agriculture Commissioner, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, dated 28 August 2017,  p. 2.

[63]      Sheepmeat Council of Australia, Submission 59, cited in Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Effect of market consolidation on the red meat processing sector: Interim Report, May 2016.

[64]      These powers are found in the body of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 and in Chapter 5 of the Australian Consumer Law.

[65]      Website: http://lexisweb.lexisnexis.com.au/Practical-Guidance-Topic.aspx?tid=2317, accessed 15 May 2017.

[66]      Website: http://lexisweb.lexisnexis.com.au/Practical-Guidance-Topic.aspx?tid=2317, accessed 15 May 2017.

[67]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 93.

[68]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, ACCC immunity and cooperation policy for cartel conduct, September 2014, p. 1.

[69]      It was alleged that in Victoria in 2015, nine meat processors boycotted the first sale at new saleyards built at Barnawartha because they disagreed with a decision to pre-weigh cattle prior to sale. It was claimed that saleyard managers ultimately made the decision to switch to post-weighing cattle to encourage the processors to return.

[70]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef markets – a market study by the ACCC: Issues Paper, 7 April 2016, p. 4.

[71]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 5.

[72]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 5.

[73]      Farm Online, Give the watchdog more powers, beef producers say, 17 January 2017, [p. 3].

[74]      Farm Online, Give the watchdog more powers, beef producers say, 17 January 2017, [p. 2].

[75]      Farm Online, Give the watchdog more powers, beef producers say, 17 January 2017, [p. 2].

[76]      Farm Online, Give the watchdog more powers, beef producers say, 17 January 2017, [p. 3].

[77]      Farm Online, Give the watchdog more powers, beef producers say, 17 January 2017, [p. 3].

[78]      Farm Online, Give the watchdog more powers, beef producers say, 17 January 2017, [p. 3].

[79]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 16.

[80]      Australian Financial Review, ACCC chases cowboy cartels, 1 November 2016, p. 28.

[81]      ABC Rural, ACCC calls for more transparency and better reporting on beef markets, 7 March 2017.

[82]      Website: https://consultation.accc.gov.au/legal-economic/draft-framework-for-concerted-practices-guidelines/, accessed 1 June 2017 and Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 92.

[83]      Website: https://consultation.accc.gov.au/legal-economic/draft-framework-for-concerted-practices-guidelines/, accessed 1 June 2017 and Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 92.

[84]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final report, 7 March 2017, p. 3.

[85]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 3.

[86]      Mr Derek Schoen, NSW Farmers' Association, Committee Hansard, 2 September 2015, cited in Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Effect of market consolidation on the red meat processing sector: Interim Report, May 2016, p. 80.

Chapter 3 - Price Transparency (across the supply chain)

[1]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, p. 73.

[2]        Beef Central, Beef yield indicator pursued amid price transparency debate, 30 January 2017, [p. 1].

[3]        Cattle Council of Australia, Submission 83 and Agforce Queensland, Submission 85, quoted in Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Effect of market consolidation on the red meat processing sector: Interim Report, May 2016, p. 81.

[4]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, p. 75.

[5]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, p. 75.

[6]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, p. 73.

[7]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, pp 73-74.

[8]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, p. 86.

[9]        Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report [Milestones 2 and 3], Assessment of price transparency in the beef supply chain, 2 March 2015, p. 10.

[10]      Beef Central, MLA responds to questions about delayed price transparency report, 16 June 2016, [p. 2].

[11]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report [Milestones 2 and 3], Assessment of price transparency in the beef supply chain, 2 March 2015, p. 10.

[12]      The following section is based on information contained in Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report [Milestones 2 and 3], Assessment of price transparency in the beef supply chain, 2 March 2015. The Milestone 1 report comprises the Terms of Reference for the review.

[13]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report [Milestones 2 and 3], Assessment of price transparency in the beef supply chain, 2 March 2015, p. 10.

[14]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report [Milestones 2 and 3], Assessment of price transparency in the beef supply chain, 2 March 2015, p. 3.

[15]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report [Milestones 2 and 3], Assessment of price transparency in the beef supply chain, 2 March 2015, p. 3.

[16]      The following section is based on information contained in Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report [Milestones 2 and 3], Assessment of price transparency in the beef supply chain, 2 March 2015.

[17]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report [Milestones 2 and 3], Assessment of price transparency in the beef supply chain, 2 March 2015, p. 4.

[18]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report [Milestones 2 and 3], Assessment of price transparency in the beef supply chain, 2 March 2015, p. 4.

[19]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report [Milestones 2 and 3], Assessment of price transparency in the beef supply chain, 2 March 2015, p. 4.

[20]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report, Milestone 4: The likely benefits of improved beef price transparency, 13 April 2015, p. 5.

[21]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report, Milestone 4: The likely benefits of improved beef price transparency, 13 April 2015, p. 31.

[22]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report, Milestone 4: The likely benefits of improved beef price transparency, 13 April 2015, pp 32-32.

[23]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report, Milestone 4: The likely benefits of improved beef price transparency, 13 April 2015, p. 32.

[24]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report, Milestone 4: The likely benefits of improved beef price transparency, 13 April 2015, p. 32.

[25]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report, Milestone 5: Options to address cattle and beef price transparency, 2016, p. 2.

[26]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report, Milestone 5: Options to address cattle and beef price transparency, 2016, p. 2.

[27]      This figure was quoted in Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report [Milestones 2 and 3], Assessment of price transparency in the beef supply chain, 2 March 2015, p. 56.

[28]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report, Milestone 5: Options to address cattle and beef price transparency, 2016, p. 4.

[29]      The following section is based on information contained in Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report, Milestone 5: Options to address cattle and beef price transparency, 2016, pp 5-7.

[30]      Mr Richard Norton, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 17 November 2015, p. 30.

[31]      Beef Central, MLA responds to questions about delayed price transparency report, 16 June 2016, [p. 1].

[32]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 4.

[33]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 4.

[34]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 9.

[35]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 8.

[36]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 9.

[37]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 9.

[38]      ABC Rural, Price transparency remains a key issue for beef producers despite inquiries, 5 October 2016, p. 1.

[39]      ABC Rural, Price transparency remains a key issue for beef producers despite inquiries, 5 October 2016, p. 1.

[40]      ABC Rural, Senate inquiry into red meat processing calls for changes to address culture of fear in the industry, 5 May 2016, p. 2.

[41]      ABC Rural, Senate inquiry into red meat processing calls for changes to address culture of fear in the industry, 5 May 2016, p. 2.

[42]      ABC Rural, Senate inquiry into red meat processing calls for changes to address culture of fear in the industry, 5 May 2016, p. 2.

[43]      Beef Central, MLA responds to questions about delayed price transparency report, 16 June 2016, [p. 1].

[44]      Beef Central, MLA responds to questions about delayed price transparency report, 16 June 2016, [p. 1].

[45]      Beef Central, MLA responds to questions about delayed price transparency report, 16 June 2016, [p. 1].

[46]      Beef Central, MLA responds to questions about delayed price transparency report, 16 June 2016, [p. 1].

[47]      Beef Central, MLA responds to questions about delayed price transparency report, 16 June 2016, [p. 1].

[48]      Beef Central, MLA responds to questions about delayed price transparency report, 16 June 2016, [p. 1].

[49]      The Border Mail, Ovens Valley VFF urges government to make Mandatory Price Reporting just that in open letter to Barnaby Joyce, 20 January 2017, [p. 1].

[50]      The Border Mail, Ovens Valley VFF urges government to make Mandatory Price Reporting just that in open letter to Barnaby Joyce, 20 January 2017, [p. 1].

[51]      The Border Mail, Ovens Valley VFF urges government to make Mandatory Price Reporting just that in open letter to Barnaby Joyce, 20 January 2017, [pp 2 and 3].

[52]      Beef Central, MLA responds to questions about delayed price transparency report, 16 June 2016, [p. 1].

[53]      Beef Central, MLA responds to questions about delayed price transparency report, 16 June 2016, [p. 1].

[54]      Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report, Milestone 5: Options to address cattle and beef price transparency, 2016.

[55]      The following section is based on information contained in Meat and Livestock Australia, Milestone Report, Milestone 5: Options to address cattle and beef price transparency, 2016, pp 5-12.

[56]      Mr Richard Norton, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 17 November 2015, p. 29.

[57]      Mr Richard Norton, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 17 November 2015, p. 29.

[58]      Cattle Council of Australia, Media Release, Cattle Council calls for more information on boxed and wholesale beef prices, 24 May 2016, p. 1.

[59]      Cattle Council of Australia, Media Release, Cattle Council calls for more information on boxed and wholesale beef prices, 24 May 2016, p. 1.

[60]      Cattle Council of Australia, Media Release, Cattle Council calls for more information on boxed and wholesale beef prices, 24 May 2016, p. 2.

[61]      Beef Central, MLA responds to questions about delayed price transparency report, 16 June 2016, [p. 2].

[62]      Beef Central, MLA responds to questions about delayed price transparency report, 16 June 2016, [p. 2].

[63]      Beef Central, MLA responds to questions about delayed price transparency report, 16 June 2016, [p. 3].

[64]      Beef Central, MLA responds to questions about delayed price transparency report, 16 June 2016, [p. 3].

[65]      Mr Richard Norton, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 10 August 2017, p. 3.

[66]      Mr Richard Norton, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 10 August 2017, p. 3.

[67]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, March 2017, p. 13.

[68]      Mr Richard Norton, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 10 August 2017, pp 4 -5.

[69]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Final Report, 7 March 2017, p. 9.

Chapter 4 - Grading

[1]        The committee's inquiry into Meat Marketing commenced in 2008. The Committee tabled an interim report in September 2008 and a final report in June 2009.

[2]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Report into Meat Marketing, June 2009, p. 2.

[3]        AUS-MEAT Ltd, Submission 27, Submission to Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Report into Meat Marketing, June 2009, p. 9.

[4]        Industry Standards - Meat, accessed at https://www.ausmeat.com.au/industry-standards/meat.aspx, 21 February 2017.

[5]        Industry Standards - Meat, accessed at https://www.ausmeat.com.au/industry-standards/meat.aspx, 21 February 2017.

[6]        The Australian Meat Industry Language and Standards Committee (AMILSC), accessed at https://www.ausmeat.com.au/about-us/industry-committee.aspx, 21 February 2017.

[7]        Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Effect of market consolidation on the red meat processing sector: Interim Report, May 2016, p. 67.

[8]        Mr Ashley Sweeting, Submission 1, p. 7.

[9]        Mr Gary Warren, Committee Hansard, 4 August 2015 and Mr David Hill, Submission 86, [p.  6].

[10]      Australian Beef Association, Submission 23, p. 15.

[11]      Cattle Council of Australia, Submission 83.

[12]      Teys Australia, Submission 55, p. 16.

[13]      Teys Australia, Submission 55, p. 16.

[14]      Mrs Maureen Cottam, Submission 25, p. 2.

[15]      Mr Neil Paulet, Submission 42.

[16]      Mrs Maureen Cottam, Submission 25, p. 2.

[17]      Mrs Maureen Cottam, Submission 25, p. 2.

[18]      Mr Gary Warren, Committee Hansard, 4 August 2015, p. 9.

[19]      Mrs Maureen Cottam, Submission 25, p. 2.

[20]      https://www.ausmeat.com.au/, accessed 5 March 2017.

[21]      Mr Ian McCamley, Committee Hansard, 4 August 2015, p. 18.

[22]      Livestock SA, Submission 81, p. 1.

[23]      Australian Beef Association, Submission 23, p. 13 and Mrs Linda Hewitt, Australian Beef Association, Committee Hansard, 27 August 2015, p. 67.

[24]      Beef Central article, MLA to drive $150 million rollout of objective carcase measurement in 90 abattoirs, 10 November 2016.

[25]      Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Cattle and beef market study – Interim Report, October 2016, p. 12.

[26]      Collaborating with MLA on the project were Australian Pork Limited; Scott Technology Ltd; Murdoch University; University of Technology Sydney; Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia; Victorian Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources; NSW Department of Primary Industries; South Australian Research and Development Institute; JBS Australia; Australian Cattle and Beef Holdings; Australian Country Choice Pty Ltd; Teys Australia Management Pty Ltd; Harvey Beef, Carometic; PorkScan Private and the University of Melbourne.

[27]      MLA Media Release, New technology investment to "transform" meat industry, 14 April 2016.

[28]      MLA Media Release, New technology investment to "transform" meat industry, 14 April 2016.

[29]      The following section is based on information contained in an MLA Media Release, MLA to install objective measurement across industry, 10 November 2016.

[30]      MLA Media Release, MLA to install objective measurement across industry, 10 November 2016.

[31]      MLA Media Release, MLA to install objective measurement across industry, 10 November 2016.

[32]      The following section is based on information contained in a Beef Central article, MLA to drive $150 million rollout of objective carcase measurement in 90 abattoirs, 10 November 2016.

[33]      Cattle Council of Australia Media Release, Another step towards objective carcase measurement, 14 November 2016.

[34]      The following section is based on information contained in an MLA Media Release, Red meat industry to discuss DEXA technology rollout, 8 December 2016.

[35]      Queensland Country Life article, ACC is looking at the adoption of DEXA technology at Cannon Hill processing plant, 31 January 2017.

[36]      The following section is based on information contained in a Queensland Country Life article, DEXA: Objective carcase technology roll-out at risk, 22 February 2017.

[37]      Beef Central article, Processors reject MLA's objective carcase measurement proposal – in its current form, 23 February 2017.

[38]      Beef Central article, Processors reject MLA's objective carcase measurement proposal – in its current form, 23 February 2017.

[39]      Beef Central article, Processor bodies commission independent study into carcase measurement technology, 24 February 2017.

[40]      Beef Central article, Processor bodies commission independent study into carcase measurement technology, 24 February 2017.

[41]      Ernst and Young, Independent Review of the proposed installation of DEXA in AUSMEAT registered processing facilities, Issues Paper #2, p. 4.

[42]      Beef Central article, Processor bodies commission independent study into carcase measurement technology, 24 February 2017.

[43]      The Land article, Processor bodies put slow chop on DEXA, 24 February 2017.

[44]      ABC Rural, Meat processors say rollout of objective carcase measurement technology not prudent until commercially tested, 24 February 2017.

[45]      ABC Rural article, Meat processors say rollout of objective carcase measurement technology not prudent until commercially tested, 24 February 2017.

[46]      Queensland Country Life, Cattle Council backs voluntary DEXA roll-out, 27 February 2017.

[47]      The Weekly Times, Objective carcass measurement: A matter of how, 8 March 2017, p. 1.

[48]      The Weekly Times, Objective carcass measurement: A matter of how, 8 March 2017, p. 1.

[49]      The Weekly Times, Objective carcass measurement: A matter of how, 8 March 2017, p. 2.

[50]      The Weekly Times, Objective carcass measurement: A matter of how, 8 March 2017, p. 2.

[51]      The Weekly Times, Objective carcass measurement: A matter of how, 8 March 2017, p. 2.

[52]      Ernst and Young, DEXA Independent Review: Issues Paper #1, 24 March 2017, [p. 1].

[53]      Beef Central article, MLA report says fast-tracking OCM worth $420m, AMPC says more study needed, 28 March 2017, [p. 2].

[54]      Ernst and Young, Independent Review of the proposed installation of DEXA in AUS-MEAT registered processing facilities, Issues Paper #2, 3 May 2017, pp 6-7.

[55]      Sheep Central article, MLA pursues DEXA roll-out with $10 million red meat processor project, 22 May 2017, [p. 1].

[56]      Sheep Central article, MLA pursues DEXA roll-out with $10 million red meat processor project, 22 May 2017, [p. 1].

[57]      Sheep Central article, MLA pursues DEXA roll-out with $10 million red meat processor project, 22 May 2017, [p. 2].

[58]      Sheep Central article, MLA pursues DEXA roll-out with $10 million red meat processor project, 22 May 2017, [p. 2].

[59]      Ernst and Young, Independent Review of the proposed installation of DEXA in AUS-MEAT registered processing facilities, Final Report, 9 June 2017, p. 11.

[60]      Ernst and Young, Independent Review of the proposed installation of DEXA in AUS-MEAT registered processing facilities, Final Report, 9 June 2017, p. 15.

[61]      Ernst and Young, Independent Review of the proposed installation of DEXA in AUS-MEAT registered processing facilities, Final Report, 9 June 2017, p. 15.

[62]      Ernst and Young, Independent Review of the proposed installation of DEXA in AUS-MEAT registered processing facilities, Final Report, 9 June 2017, pp. 15-16.

[63]      Ernst and Young, Independent Review of the proposed installation of DEXA in AUS-MEAT registered processing facilities, Final Report, 9 June 2017, p. 16.

[64]      Ernst and Young, Independent Review of the proposed installation of DEXA in AUS-MEAT registered processing facilities, Final Report, 9 June 2017, p. 16.

[65]      Ernst and Young, Independent Review of the proposed installation of DEXA in AUS-MEAT registered processing facilities, Final Report, 9 June 2017, p. 16.

[66]      ALMTech – refers to the 'Advanced measurement technologies for globally competitive Australian meat' (ALMTech) project, which was established in 2016 under the Commonwealth Government's Rural Research and Development for Profit program. The project focuses on supporting beef, sheep and pig farmers to have access to more accurate descriptions of the key attributes that influence the value of their livestock including: carcase lean meat yield, eating quality and compliance to market specifications.

[67]      The OM Strategy Report refers to: MLA/AMPC commissioned report prepared by Greenleaf, Miracle Dog Consulting and S. Williams Consulting: MLA, Development of supply chain objective measurement (OM) strategy & value proposition to stakeholders, March 2017.

[68]      Beef Central article, Important questions remain over DEXA adoption, report finds, 12 June 2017, [p. 3].

[69]      Beef Central article, Important questions remain over DEXA adoption, report finds, 12 June 2017, [p. 3].

[70]      Beef Central article, Important questions remain over DEXA adoption, report finds, 12 June 2017, [p. 3].

[71]      Beef Central article, Important questions remain over DEXA adoption, report finds, 12 June 2017, [p. 4].

[72]      Beef Central article, MLA seeks formal agreement with AMPC to jointly fund DEXA roll-out, 14 June 2017, [p. 3].

[73]      Beef Central article, MLA seeks formal agreement with AMPC to jointly fund DEXA roll-out, 14 June 2017, [p. 3].

[74]      Beef Central article, MLA seeks formal agreement with AMPC to jointly fund DEXA roll-out, 14 June 2017, [p. 3].

[75]      Beef Central article, MLA seeks formal agreement with AMPC to jointly fund DEXA roll-out, 14 June 2017, [p. 3].

[76]      Beef Central article, MLA seeks formal agreement with AMPC to jointly fund DEXA roll-out, 14 June 2017, [p. 3].

[77]      Beef Central article, AMPC backs MLA's DEXA rollout plan, 27 July 2017, [p. 1].

[78]      Beef Central article, AMPC backs MLA's DEXA rollout plan, 27 July 2017, [p. 2].

[79]      Beef Central article, AMPC backs MLA's DEXA rollout plan, 27 July 2017, [p. 1].

[80]      Beef Central article, Senators frustrated at lack of grassfed cattle restructure progress, 10 August 2017, [p. 3].

[81]      Mr Sean Starling, General Manager, Research, Development and Innovation, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 10 August 2017, p. 4.

[82]      Mr Sean Starling, General Manager, Research, Development and Innovation, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 10 August 2017, p. 5.

[83]      Mr Richard Norton and Mr Sean Starling, Meat and Livestock Australia, Committee Hansard, 10 August 2017, p. 7.

[84]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Committee Hansard, 10 August 2017, p. 7.

[85]      Red Meat Advisory Council, Meat Industry Strategic Plan: MISP 2020, 14 September 2015, p. 12.

[86]      Red Meat Advisory Council, Meat Industry Strategic Plan: MISP 2020, 14 September 2015, p. 12.

Chapter 5 - Red Meat Memorandum of Understanding

[1]        The Hon John Anderson MP, Minister for Primary Industries and Energy, House of Representatives Hansard, 1 October 1997, pp. 8845-6.

[2]        The Hon John Anderson MP, Minister for Primary Industries and Energy, House of Representatives Hansard, 1 October 1997, p. 8846.

[3]        Australian National Audit Office, Restructuring of Meat and Livestock Statutory Organisations, 1998, p. xi, https://www.anao.gov.au/sites/g/files/net616/f/ANAO_Report_1997-98_50.pdf (accessed 16 May 2017).

[4]        The seven schedules include RMAC, joint and core functions, AUS-MEAT Ltd, SAFEMEAT, funding, crisis and issues management, and intellectual property. Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Red meat livestock industry structure, 2016, http://www.agriculture.gov.au/ag-farm-food/meat-wool-dairy/red-meat-livestock/facts (accessed 17 May 2017).

[5]        Australian National Audit Office, Restructuring of Meat and Livestock Statutory Organisations, 1998, p. xii, https://www.anao.gov.au/sites/g/files/net616/f/ANAO_Report_1997-98_50.pdf (accessed 16 May 2017).

[6]        Red Meat Industry MOU – Version 4 (October 2010), p. 8.

[7]        Red Meat Industry MOU – Version 4 (October 2010), p. 8.

[8]        The Hon John Anderson MP, Minister for Primary Industries and Energy, House of Representatives Hansard, 1 October 1997, p. 8847.

[9]        Beef Central article, Life still in grassfed cattle restructure, 21 January 2016.

[10]      Cattle Council of Australia, Proposed New Structure and Budget, 2015, p. 5.

[11]      Australian Farm Institute, Opportunities to Improve the Effectiveness of Australian Farmers' Advocacy Groups – A Comparative Approach, March 2014. 

[12]      Newgate Communications, The Newgate Review of the Future of Australian Farm Sector Representation, August 2014.

[13]      Mr Ross Keane cited in Beef Central article, Business analysis chosen to review peak industry council operations, 29 January 2016.

[14]      Beef Central article, The Hon Barnaby Joyce MP, Minister for Agriculture, Opinion piece: Strengthening the future of the grassfed cattle industry, 15 July 2015.

[15]      Australian Government response to the Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee report: Inquiry on industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, July 2015, p. 6.

[16]      RMAC cited in Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, p. 22.

[17]      Beef Central article, Is it time to re-examine red meat industry MoU? 31 July 2015.

[18]      ACIL Allen Consulting, Performance Review of Meat and Livestock Australia and the MLA Donor Company, April 2016, p. 99.

[19]      Beef Central article, Processors reject MLA's objective carcase measurement proposal – in its current form, 23 February 2017, [p. 2].

[20]      Beef Central article, Processors reject MLA's objective carcase measurement proposal – in its current form, 23 February 2017, [pp 3-4].

[21]      Beef Central article, Processors reject MLA's objective carcase measurement proposal – in its current form, 23 February 2017, [p. 4].

[22]      Ernst and Young, Independent Review of the proposed installation of DEXA in AUS-MEAT registered processing facilities, Final Report, 9 June 2017, p. 13.

[23]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, p. 60.

[24]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, p. 53.

[25]      ACIL Allen Consulting, Performance Review of Meat and Livestock Australia and the MLA Donor Company, April 2016, p. 97.

[26]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, p. 80.

[27]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, p. 82.

[28]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, p. 82.

[29]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, p. 83.

[30]      The united position was developed through consultation with all state farming organisations, the Northern Pastoral Group, the Australian Meat Producers Group (AMPC), the Australian Beef Association, the Concerned Cattle Producers (CCP) and other red meat peak industry councils.

[31]      Beef Central article, Grassfed restructure: Where is it at? Where to from here?, 30 July 2015.

[32]      Beef Central article, Grassfed restructure: Where is it at? Where to from here?, 30 July 2015, and Queensland Country Life article, Agriculture Minister Barnaby Joyce makes gradual changes to grass-fed cattle industry, 4 February 2016.

[33]      Beef Central article, Grassfed restructure: Where is it at? Where to from here?, 30 July 2015.

[34]      Hunt Blog Newsletter, Cattle Producers need a strong representative body to counteract supermarket and processor power, Part 2, Conclusions and Solutions, 26 April 2016, p. 3, http://www.huntpartners.com.au/Shared/Sites/huntpartners/Assets/Your%20Files/HuntBlog%20Newsletter%20-%20Cattle%20Producer%20Representative%20Bodies%20-%20Part%202.pdf (accessed 17 May 2017) and Beef Central article, Grassfed cattle industry restructure a priority for new Cattle Council CEO, 18 January 2017.

[35]      Beef Central article, Grassfed restructure: Where is it at? Where to from here?, 30 July 2015.

[36]      Beef Central article, Grassfed cattle restructure group meets, 1 March 2017, [p. 2].

[37]      Beef Central article, Grassfed restructure: Where is it at? Where to from here?, 30 July 2015, [p. 4].

[38]      Beef Central article, Grassfed cattle restructure group meets, 1 March 2017, [p. 2].

[39]      Beef Central article, Coalition fund may boost Cattle Council restructure plans, 28 June 2016, [p. 2].

[40]      Beef Central article, Grassfed cattle restructure group meets, 1 March 2017, [p. 2] and Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Leadership in Agricultural Industries Fund, http://www.agriculture.gov.au/ag-farm-food/leadership-ag-fund (accessed 25 July 2017).

[41]      Cattle Council of Australia, Proposed New Structure and Budget, 2015, p. 5.

[42]      Minister for Agriculture, Media Release, Strengthening the future of grass-fed cattle industry, 15 July 2015, [p. 1].

[43]      Minister for Agriculture, Media Release, Strengthening the future of grass-fed cattle industry, 15 July 2015, [p. 1].

[44]      Australian Government, Australian Government Response to the Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee report: Inquiry on industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, July 2015, p. 3.

[45]      Beef Central article, The Hon Barnaby Joyce MP, Minister for Agriculture, Opinion piece: Strengthening the future of the grassfed cattle industry, Beef Central, 15 July 2015.

[46]      Beef Central article, Grassfed cattle restructure group meets, 1 March 2017.

[47]      Beef Central article, Barnaby responds to grassfed inquiry: backs grower restructure, but funding unresolved, 15 July 2015.

[48]      Seedstock Central article, Effective industry representation in red meat sector welcomed, 11 February 2016.

[49]      Beef Central article, Business analyst chosen to review peak industry council operations, 29 January 2016.

[50]      Beef Central article, Life still in grassfed cattle restructure, 21 January 2016.

[51]      Beef Central article, Grassfed cattle restructure group meets, 1 March 2017 and Mr Don Mackay, Independent Chair, Red Meat Advisory Council, Committee Hansard, 16 August 2017, p. 7.

[52]      The Hon John Anderson MP, Minister for Primary Industries and Energy, House of Representatives Hansard, 1 October 1997, p. 8851.

[53]      Australian Meat Processor Corporation, Strategic Risks Facing the Australian Red Meat Industry, August 2016, p. 32, http://www.ampc.com.au/uploads/cgblog/id65/42161_AMPC_RiskDocumentvLR.pdf (accessed 11 May 2017).

[54]      Cattle Council of Australia, Proposed New Structure and Budget, 2015, p. 6. http://unitedstockowners.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/New-CCA-Structure-Detail.pdf (accessed 16 May 2017).

[55]      Beef Central article, David Byard, Australian Beef Association, Opinion: Get on with Senate recommendations for grassfed reform, 1 February 2016.

[56]      Australian Government, Australian Government response to the Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee report: Inquiry on industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, July 2015, p. 3.

[57]      Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, Industry structures and systems governing levies on grass-fed cattle, September 2014, p. 80.

[58]      ACIL Allen Consulting, Performance Review of Meat and Livestock Australia and the MLA Donor Company, April 2016, p. 20.

[59]      ACIL Allen Consulting, Performance Review of Meat and Livestock Australia and the MLA Donor Company, April 2016, p. 7.

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