Footnotes

Footnotes

Chapter 1 - Introduction

[1]        Joint Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, Care of ADF Personnel Wounded and Injured on Operations, June 2013, p. 75.

[2]        Joint Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, Care of ADF Personnel Wounded and Injured on Operations, June 2013, p. 76.

[3]        Joint Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, Care of ADF Personnel Wounded and Injured on Operations, June 2013, p. 76.

[4]        Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 19.

[5]        Veterans' Entitlement Act 1988, ss. 5C(1).

[6]        Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004, ss. 6(1).

Chapter 2 - Prevalence of mental ill-health

[1]        Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. 2.

[2]        Department of Veterans' Affairs and Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Australian National Service Vietnam Veterans: Mortality and Cancer Incidence 2005, p. 43.

[3]        Vietnam Veterans' Federation, Supplementary Submissions 2.1 and 2.2; Australian Families of the Military Research and Support Foundation, Submission 26, p. 7; and Partners of Veterans Association of Australia, Submission 42, p. 6; Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, p. 3.

[4]        Australian Families of the Military Research and Support Foundation, Submission 26, pp 7, 11.

[5]        Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. i.

[6]        Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. xv.

[7]        Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. xiv.

[8]        Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. xiv.

[9]        Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. xix.

[10]      Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. xx.

[11]      Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. xx.

[12]      Centre for Traumatic Stress Studies, The Transition and Wellbeing Research Programme, http://health.adelaide.edu.au/ctss/research/transitionandwellbeingprogramme/, accessed 16 July 2015.

[13]      Centre for Traumatic Stress Studies, The Transition and Wellbeing Research Programme, http://health.adelaide.edu.au/ctss/research/transitionandwellbeingprogramme/, accessed 16 July 2015.

[14]      Department of Defence, Mental Health Research and Evaluation, http://www.defence.gov.au/Health/DMH/ResearchSurveillancePlan.asp, accessed 16 July 2015.

[15]      Information provided over the phone by Ellie Lawrence Wood from the Centre for Traumatic Stress Studies on 16 July 2015.

[16]      Information provided over the phone by Ellie Lawrence Wood from the Centre for Traumatic Stress Studies on 16 July 2015.

[17]      Centre for Australian Military and Veterans' Health, Deployment Health Surveillance, http://www.camvh.org.au/index.html?page=216371&pid=110145, accessed 18 January 2016. 

[18]      Dr Annabel McGuire, Submission 24, p. 2.

[19]      Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin AC, Chief of the Defence Force, Department of Defence, Committee Hansard, 21 September 2015, p. 1.

[20]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 17.

[21]      Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. i.

[22]      Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. v.

[23]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 6.

[24]      Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. i.

[25]      Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin AC, Chief of the Defence Force, Department of Defence, Committee Hansard, 21 September 2015, p. 1.

[26]      Australian Psychological Association, Submission 22, p. 3.

[27]      Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. 2.

[28]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 5.

[29]      Centre for Military and Veterans' Health, The Middle East Area of Operations (MEAO) Health Study: Census Study Report, 14 December 2012, p. 73.

[30]      Centre for Military and Veterans' Health, The Middle East Area of Operations (MEAO) Health Study: Census Study Report, 14 December 2012, p. 68.

[31]      Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. 51.

[32]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 17.

[33]      Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. 51.

[34]      Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Submission 51, p. 2.

[35]      Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Submission 51, pp 4–5.

[36]      Mr Matthew McKeever, Committee Hansard, 1 September 2015, pp 34-35.

[37]      Mr Matthew McKeever, Committee Hansard, 1 September 2015, pp 34-35.

[38]      Department of Defence, answer to question on notice, 2 February 2016 (received 12 February 2016).

[39]      All reports are available from the committee's website http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Foreign_Affairs_Defence_and_Trade

[40]      For example: Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, pp 14–15; Mr John Skewes, Submission 52, p. 2; Major Stuart McCarthy, Submission 54, p. 1; Name withheld, Submission 57, pp 1–2;  Mr John Lawler, Submission 58, pp. 1–7; Name withheld, Submission 70, pp 1–10.

[41]      Mr Ciaran Hemmings, Committee Hansard, 1 September 2015, p. 35.

[42]      Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 6.

[43]      Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, p. 10.

[44]      Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 6.

[45]      Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 6.

[46]      Australian Bureau of Statistics, 3303.0 – Causes of Death, Australia, 2013.

[47]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 6.

[48]      Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. xiv.

[49]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 18.

[50]      For example: Vietnam Veterans' Federation of Australia, Submission 2 (see also supplementary submissions and attachments); Mr Douglas Steley, Submission 6, p. 6; Mr Robert Shortridge, Submission 16, p. 4; Walking Wounded, Submission 18, p. 3; Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 8; Australian Families of the Military Research and Support Foundation, Submission 26, p. 12; Soldier On, Submission 29, pp 6–7; Name withheld, Submission 44, p. 2; Royal Australian Regiment Association, Submission 46, pp 2–4;  Dr Niall McLaren, Submission 50, pp 3–4;  Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Submission 51, p. 6; Name withheld, Submission 70, p. 3; KCI Lawyers, Submission 71, p. 5; Mr Phil Hay, Submission 72, p. 4.

[51]      For example: Mr Douglas Steley, Submission 6, p. 6; Walking Wounded, Submission 18, p. 3; Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 8; Australian Families of the Military Research and Support Foundation, Submission 26, p. 12; Soldier On, Submission 29, pp 5–6; Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Submission 51, p. 6.

[52]      Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 8.

[53]      Soldier On, Submission 29, pp 6–7.

[54]      DVA advised in its submission that it expected to receive the findings for this exercise in late 2015; however, on 15 January 2016 DVA advised the committee via email that this date has since been revised to late 2016.

[55]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 18.

[56]      Brian O'Toole, et al., 'Suicidality in Australian Vietnam veterans and their partners', Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 65, June 2015, p. 30.

[57]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Australian National Service Vietnam Veterans: Mortality and Cancer Incidence 2005, p. 46.

[58]      Dr Kieran Tranter, Submission 27, p. 26.

[59]      For example: Vietnam Veterans' Federation of Australia, Submission 2 (see also supplementary submissions and attachments ); Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 3; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22, pp 3, 11; Psychotherapy & Counselling Federation of Australia, Submission 23, pp 9–11; Dr Annabel McGuire, Submission 24, pp 2–3; Australian Families of the Military research and Support Foundation, Submission 26, pp 1, 7, 19–23; War Widows' Guild of Australia, Submission 28, p. 1; Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 3; Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, pp 8–9; Aspen Medical, Submission 38, pp 76–77; Legacy Australia, Submission 39, pp 1–4; Alliance of Defence Service Organisations, Submission 40, pp 2–4; Partners of Veterans Association of Australia, Submission 42, pp 1–7; Name withheld, Submission 43, pp. 1–3; Name withheld, Submission 44, pp 1–6; Miss Alanna Powers, Submission 48, p. 1; Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Submission 51, pp 17–18; Royal Australian Armoured Corps Corporation, Submission 59, pp. 2–3; Dr Kevin Kraushaar, Submission 64, p. 9; Mrs Catherine Lawler, Submission 66, p. 4; KCI Lawyers, Submission 71, p. 3; Australian Association of Social Workers, Submission 77, p. 2.

[60]      War Widows' Guild of Australia, Submission 28, p. 1.

[61]      For example: Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, pp. 34–36; Partners of Veterans Association of Australia, Submission 42, pp 9–10; Name withheld, Submission 43, pp. 1–3; Name withheld, Submission 44, pp 1–6; Miss Alanna Powers, Submission 48, p. 1; Mrs Catherine Lawler, Submission 66, p. 4.

[62]      Miss Alanna Powers, Submission 48, p. 1.

[63]      Mr Ryan Geddes, Committee Hansard, 31 August 2015, p. 69.

[64]      Mrs Catherine Lawler, Submission 66, p. 4.

[65]      Vietnam Veterans' Federation of Australia, Supplementary Submission 2.2, Attachment 2, p. 1.

[66]      Brian O'Toole, et al., 'Suicidality in Australian Vietnam veterans and their partners', Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 65, June 2015, p. 30.

[67]      For example: Mr Douglas Steely, Submission 6; Name withheld, Submission 8; Mr Dennis Lee, Submission 9; Mr Roy Seal, Submission 11; Name withheld, Submission 13; Mr Jayden Moseley, Submission 31; Name withheld, Submission 36; Name withheld, Submission 43; Name withheld, Submission 44; Miss Alanna Power, Submission 48; Name withheld, Submission 57; Mr John Lawler, Submission 58; Mr Dennis Crouch, Submission 60; Mrs Catherine Lawler, Submission 66; Name withheld, Submission 67; Mr Dennis Bass, Submission 69; Name withheld, Submission 70; and Name withheld, Submission 79.

[68]      Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, p. 4.

[69]      KCI Lawyers, Submission 71, pp 2–3.

[70]      Name withheld, Submission 79, p. 2.

[71]      Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. 51.

Chapter 3 - Identification and disclosure of mental ill-health

[1]        Professor David Dunt, Review of Mental Health Care in the ADF and Transition through Discharge, January 2009, p. 16.

[2]        Professor David Dunt, Review of Mental Health Care in the ADF and Transition through Discharge, January 2009, p. 16.

[3]        Professor David Dunt, Review of Mental Health Care in the ADF and Transition through Discharge, January 2009, pp 21–27.

[4]        Department of Defence, ADF Mental Health & Wellbeing Plan 2012-15, p. 5.

[5]        Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 3.

[6]        Department of Defence, Capability through mental fitness: 2011 Australian Defence Force Mental Health and Wellbeing Strategy, October 2011; and Department of Defence, ADF Mental Health and Wellbeing Action Plan 2012-2015, October 2012.

[7]        Department of Defence, ADF Mental Health & Wellbeing Plan 2012-15, pp 12–25.

[8]        Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin AC, Chief of the Defence Force, Committee Hansard, 29 September 2015, p. 1.

[9]        Department of Defence, Submission 34, pp 3-4.

[10]      Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 7.

[11]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 3.

[12]      Department of Defence, Review of Health Information Practices in Defence, December 2013, pp 19–20.

[13]      Regulation 85(1)(b) if the member is an officer and regulation 87(1)(c) for an enlisted member.

[14]      Australian Military Regulation 433.

[15]      Air Force Regulation 433.

[16]      Department of Defence, Review of Health Information Practices in Defence, December 2013, pp 19–20.

[17]      Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin AC, Chief of the Defence Force, Committee Transcript, 21 September 2015, p. 6.

[18]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 4.

[19]      Aspen Medical, Submission 38, p. 15.

[20]      For example: Mr Mark Keynes, Submission 10, p. 2;Walking Wounded, Submission 18, p. 3; Slater & Gordon, Submission 51, p. 7.

[21]      Walking Wounded, Submission 18, p. 3.

[22]      Dr Kieran Tranter, Submission 27, p. 17.

[23]      Amelia Searle et al, ‘The Validity of Military Screening for Mental Health Problems: diagnostic accuracy of the PCL, K10 and AUDIT scales in an entire military population’ International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 41.

[24]      Aspen Medical, Submission 38, p. 16.

[25]      Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, The Australian Defence Force Mental Health Screening Continuum Framework, July 2014, p. 30.

[26]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 14.

[27]      Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, The Australian Defence Force Mental Health Screening Continuum Framework, July 2014, pp 31–32.

[28]      Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, The Australian Defence Force Mental Health Screening Continuum Framework, July 2014, pp 31–32.

[29]      Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, The Australian Defence Force Mental Health Screening Continuum Framework, July 2014, pp 32–33.

[30]      Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, The Australian Defence Force Mental Health Screening Continuum Framework, July 2014, pp 33–34.

[31]      Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, The Australian Defence Force Mental Health Screening Continuum Framework, July 2014, p.34.

[32]      Department of Defence Submission 34, p. 14.

[33]      Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, The Australian Defence Force Mental Health Screening Continuum Framework, July 2014, p. 34.

[34]      Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, The Australian Defence Force Mental Health Screening Continuum Framework, July 2014, pp 33–34.

[35]      Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, The Australian Defence Force Mental Health Screening Continuum Framework, July 2014, pp 16–17.

[36]      Aspen Medical, Submission 38, p. 16.

[37]      For example: Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 8; Australian Families of the Military Research and Support Foundation, Submission 26, p. 7; Aspen Medical, Submission 38, p. 85; Slater & Gordon, Submission 51, p. 21; Name withheld, Submission 70, pp 9–10. Australian Association of Social Workers, Submission 77, p. 3.

[38]      Australian Families of the Military Research and Support Foundation, Submission 26, p. 7.

[39]      Aspen Medical, Submission 38, p. 85.

[40]      Aspen Medical, Submission 38, p. 16.

[41]      Australian Association of Social Workers, Submission 77, p. 3.

[42]      Department of Defence, answer to question on notice, 2 February 2016, (received 12 February 2016).

[43]      Department of Defence, answer to question on notice, 2 February 2016, (received 12 February 2016).

[44]      Department of Defence, answer to question on notice, 2 February 2016, (received 12 February 2016).

[45]      For example: Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22, p. 9; Mr Jeremy Davey, Submission 25, p. 4; Young and Well Cooperative Research Centre, Submission 62, p. 3; Dr Kevin Kraushaar, Submission 64, p. 10.

[46]      Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22, p. 9.

[47]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, pp 7–8.

[48]      Privacy Act 1988, Sch. 1.

[49]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 8.

[50]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 8.

[51]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 8.

[52]      For example: Inspector General of the Australian Defence Force, Submission 15, p. 1; Alliance of Defence Service Organisations, Submission 40, pp 11–12; Australian Peacekeeper & Peacemaker Veterans' Association, Submission 78, p. 3.

[53]      Inspector General of the Australian Defence Force, Submission 15, p. 1.

[54]      Alliance of Defence Service Organisations, Submission 40, pp 11–12.

[55]      Inspector General of the Australian Defence Force, Submission 15, pp 1–2.

[56]      Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 7.

[57]      Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 7.

[58]      Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin AC, Chief of the Defence Force, Department of Defence, Committee Hansard, pp 7–8.

[59]      Department of Defence, answer to a question on notice, 21 September 2015 (received 23 November 2015).

[60]      Slater & Gordon, Submission 51, p. 21.

[61]      Mark Addison, 'Malcolm Turnbull: we lost our son to suicide while serving in the ADF – please change service contracts so next-of-kin can be notified of self-harm, suicide attempts', https://www.change.org/p/malcolm-turnbull-we-lost-our-son-to-suicide-while-serving-in-the-adf-please-change-service-contracts-so-next-of-kin-can-be-notified-of-self-harm-suicide-attempts, accessed 22 January 2016.

[62]      Name withheld, Submission 70, pp 9–10.

[63]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 8.

[64]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 9.

[65]      For example: Department of Defence, Devolution and integration in the Australian Defence Force: the Defence Regional Support Review, 1989; Australian National Audit Office, Audit Report No.34 (1996–97), Australian Defence Force Health Services; Department of Defence, Future directions for the management of Australia's defence—Report of the Defence Efficiency Review, 1997; Australian National Audit Office, Audit Report No.51 (2000–2001), Australian Defence Force Health Services Follow-up Audit; Review of Defence Health Services, 2004; Department of Defence, Healthcare in the Australian Defence Force, 2008; Senate Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade References Committee, Australia’s Involvement in Peacekeeping Duties; and Professor David Dunt, Review of Mental Health Care in the ADF and Transition through Discharge, January 2009.

[66]      For example: Mr Douglas Steley, Submission 6, p. 15; Mr Robert Shortridge, Submission 16, p. 5; Walking Wounded, Submission 18, pp 2–3; Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 6; Aspen Medical, Submission 38, p. 20; Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Submission 51, pp 7–10; Name withheld, Submission 56, pp 2–3; KCI Lawyers, Submission 71, pp 4–5.

[67]      Mr Robert Shortridge, Submission 16, p. 7.

[68]      Walking Wounded, Submission 18, pp 2–3.

[69]      Name withheld, Submission 56, p. 2.

[70]      Australian National Audit Office, Audit Report No. 27 2014-15, Electronic Health Records for Defence Personnel, 2015, p. 29.

[71]      Australian National Audit Office, Audit Report No. 27 2014-15, Electronic Health Records for Defence Personnel, 2015, p. 29.

[72]      Department of Defence, answer to question on notice, 12 June 2012, (received 29 September 2012).

[73]      Department of Defence, answer to question on notice, 2 February 2016, (received 12 February 2016).

[74]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 10.

[75]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 9.

[76]      Aspen Medical, Submission 38, p. 52.

[77]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 10.

[78]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 10.

[79]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 11.

[80]      Department of Defence, answer to question on notice, 2 February 2016, (received 12 February 2016).

[81]      Department of Defence, answer to question on notice, 2 February 2016, (received 12 February 2016).

[82]      Aspen Medical, Submission 38, p. 20.

[83]      Aspen Medical, Submission 38, p. 20.

[84]      For example: Mr Douglas Steley, Submission 6, p. 15; Mr Robert Shortridge, Submission 16, p. 5; Walking Wounded, Submission 18, pp 2–3; Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 6; Aspen Medical, Submission 38, p. 20; Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Submission 51, pp 7–10; Name withheld, Submission 56, pp 2–3; KCI Lawyers, Submission 71, pp 4–5.

[85]      Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, The Australian Defence Force Mental Health Screening Continuum Framework, July 2014, p. 35.

[86]      Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, The Australian Defence Force Mental Health Screening Continuum Framework, July 2014, p. 62.

[87]      Mr Shane Carmody, Chief Operating Officer, Department of Veterans' Affairs, Committee Hansard, 29 September 2015, p. 3.

[88]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Veteran Mental Health Strategy 2013-2023, pp 34-44.

[89]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 3.

[90]      Mr Shane Carmody, Chief Operating Officer, Department of Veterans' Affairs, Committee Hansard, 29 September 2015, p. 2.

[91]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 30; Department of Veterans' Affairs, 'At Ease: ADF Post-discharge GP Health Assessment' http://at-ease.dva.gov.au/professionals/assess-and-treat/adf-post-discharge-gp-health-assessment/, accessed 22 January 2016.

[92]      For example: Walking Wounded, Submission 18, p. 2; Veterans Care Association, Submission 4, pp 1–2; Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 3; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22, p. 9; Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 5.

[93]      Walking Wounded, Submission 18, p. 2.

[94]      Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22, p. 9.

[95]      Royal Australian Regiment Association, Submission 46, pp 1–2.

[96]      Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 3.

[97]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 6.

[98]      Mr Shane Carmody, Chief Operating Officer, Department of Veterans' Affairs, Committee Hansard, 21 September 2015, p. 2.

[99]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 7.

[100]    Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 7.

[101]    Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 3.

[102]    Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 3.

[103]    Alliance of Defence Service Organisations, Submission 40, pp 13–14; Royal Australian Regiment Association, Submission 46, pp 1–5.

[104]    Royal Australian Regiment Association, Submission 46, p. 1.

[105]    Veterans Care Association, Submission 4, p. 2.

[106]    Alliance of Defence Service Organisations, Submission 40, pp 13–14.

[107]    Mr Shane Carmody, Chief Operating Officer, Department of Veterans' Affairs, Committee Hansard, 21 September 2015, p. 21.

Chapter 4 - Mental health services

[1]        For example: Dr Jerome Gelb, Submission 5; Mr Brian McCarthy, Submission 20; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22; Phoenix Australia, Submission 30; Dr Niall McLaren, Submission 50; Major Stuart McCarthy, Submission 54; Mr Greg Hogan, Submission 61; Ms Christine Perry, Submission 63; Dr Kevin Kraushaar, Submission 64; Mr Derek Sheppard, Submission 68.

[2]        Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, p. 7.

[3]        Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 9.

[4]        Veterans' Health Advisory Council (South Australia), Submission 55, p. 2.

[5]        Veterans' Health Advisory Council (South Australia), Submission 55, p. 1.

[6]        Major Stuart McCarthy, Submission 54, p. 2.

[7]        For example: Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, pp 4, 16; Aspen Medical, Submission 38, p. 87; Alliance of Defence Service Organisations, Submission 40, pp 8–9; Major Stuart McCarthy, Submission 54, p. 2; Mr Greg Hogan, Submission 61, p. 6–7, 13.

[8]        Alliance of Defence Service Organisations, Submission 40, pp 8–9.

[9]        Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 21.

[10]      Note that Mefloquine is also known by its trade name Lariam.

[11]      Major Stuart McCarthy, Submission 54, p. 3.

[12]      Dr Jane Quinn, Committee Hansard, 1 September 2015, p. 46.

[13]      United States of America Food and Drug Administration, FDA Drug Safety Communication: FDA approves label changes for antimalarial drug mefloquine hydrochloride due to risk of serious psychiatric and nerve side effects http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/ucm362227.htm, accessed 5 February 2016.

[14]      Major Stuart McCarthy, Submission 54, p. 4.

[15]      Major Stuart McCarthy, Submission 54, p. 8.

[16]      Department of Defence, 'Statement on the use of mefloquine in the ADF', Media release,
30 November 2015.

[17]      Department of Defence, 'Statement on the use of mefloquine in the ADF', Media release,
30 November 2015.

[18]      Department of Defence, 'Statement on the use of mefloquine in the ADF', Media release,
30 November 2015.

[19]      For example: Mr Mark Keynes, Submission 10, p. 1; Major Stuart McCarthy, Submission 54, pp 6–7.

[20]      Professor Thomas Frame, Committee Hansard, 31 August 2015, p. 59.

[21]      Professor Thomas Frame, Committee Hansard, 31 August 2015, p. 60.

[22]      Major Stuart McCarthy, Submission 54, p. 6.

[23]      Veterans Care Association, Submission 4, p. 2.

[24]      Vice Admiral Ray Griggs AO CSC, Vice Chief of the Defence Force, Committee Hansard,
21 September 2015, p. 11.

[25]      Dr Niall McLaren, Submission 50, p. 5.

[26]      Dr Niall McLaren, Committee Hansard, 1 September 2015, p. 34.

[27]      Dr Niall McLaren, Submission 50, p. 5.

[28]      Ms Christine Perry, Submission 63, pp 1–3; Mr Derek Sheppard, Submission 68, p. 1; and Mr Donald Sullivan, Submission 32, pp 1–31.

[29]      For example: Walking Wounded, Submission 18, p. 3; Mr Jeremy Davey, Submission 25, p. 3; Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, pp 6–7; Aspen Medical, Submission 38, p. 85; Alliance of Defence Service Organisations, Submission 40, p. 2.

[30]      Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, pp 6–7.

[31]      Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, pp 6–7.

[32]      Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, p. 6.

[33]      For example: Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 8; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22, p. 10; Name withheld, Submission 56, p. 2.

[34]      Name withheld, Submission 56, p. 3.

[35]      Royal Australian Regiment Association, Submission 46, pp 6–7.

[36]      Aspen Medical, Submission 38, p. 85.

[37]      Veterans' Health Advisory Council (South Australia), Submission 55, p. 3.

[38]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 11.

[39]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, pp 11.

[40]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, pp 3-4.

[41]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, pp 11.

[42]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, pp 3-4.

[43]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 13.

[44]      Department of Defence, Defence Health Portal: Web and Mobile Applications, http://www.defence.gov.au/health/healthportal/apps.asp accessed 2 February 2015.

[45]      Department of Defence, Defence Health Portal: Web and Mobile Applications, http://www.defence.gov.au/health/healthportal/apps.asp accessed 2 February 2015.

[46]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 13.

[47]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 12.

[48]      Department of Defence, answer to question on notice, 21 September 2015 (received 23 November 2015).

[49]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 12.

[50]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, pp 12–13.

[51]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 14.

[52]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 14.

[53]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 14.

[54]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 14.

[55]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 14.

[56]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 19.

[57]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 14.

[58]      For example: Walking Wounded, Submission 18, p. 4; Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, p. 6; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22, pp 9–10; Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 8.

[59]      Walking Wounded, Submission 18, p. 4.

[60]      Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, p. 6.

[61]      For example: Mr Robert Shortridge, Submission 16, p. 5; Walking Wounded, Submission 18, p. 3; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22, pp 9–10; Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia, Submission 23, pp 1, 6; Mr Jeremy Davey, Submission 25, p. 4; Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 8; Dr Kieran Tranter, Submission 27, p. 20; Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, p.6; Veterans' Health Advisory Council (South Australia), Submission 55, pp 7 –8; Australian Association of Social Workers, Submission 77, p. 4.

[62]      Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22, pp 9–10;

[63]      Veterans' Health Advisory Council (South Australia), Submission 55, p. 1.

[64]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 3.

[65]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, pp 40–41.

[66]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 4.

[67]      Name withheld, Submission 44, p. 4; Dr Kevin Kraushaar, Submission 64, p. 2.

[68]      Name withheld, Submission 44, p. 4.

[69]      Dr Kevin Kraushaar, Submission 64, p. 2.

[70]      Dr Kevin Kraushaar, Submission 64, p. 2.

[71]      For example: Vietnam Veterans Federation of Australia, Supplementary Submission 2.2, p. 2; Mr Mark Keynes, Submission 10, p. 2; Mr Robert Shortridge, Submission 16, p. 4; Walking Wounded, Submission 18, p. 4; Mr Robert Sherman, Submission 21, p. 4; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22, p. 11; Psychotherapy & Counselling Federation of Australia, Submission 23, p. 4; Dr Annabel McGuire, Submission 24, p. 3; Australian Families of the Military Research and Support Foundation, Submission 26, p. 23; Dr Kieran Tranter, Submission 27,  pp 22–26; War Widows' Guild of Australia, Submission 28, p. 3; Soldier On, Submission 29, pp 4–8; Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, p. 6; Legacy Australia, Submission 39, p. 2; Partners of Veterans Association of Australia, Submission 42, p. 1; Name withheld, Submission 44, p. 4; Veterans' Health Advisory Council (South Australia), Submission 55, p. 8.

[72]      Walking Wounded, Submission 18, p. 4.

[73]      Name withheld, Submission 44, p. 4.

[74]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 7.

[75]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 42.

[76]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 44.

[77]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 44.

[78]      For example: Vietnam Veterans Federation of Australia, Supplementary Submission 2.2, p. 2; Australian Families of the Military Research and Support Foundation, Submission 26, p. 23; Soldier On, Submission 29, pp 4–8; Partners of Veterans Association of Australia, Submission 42, p. 1.

[79]      Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 4.

[80]      Veterans and Veterans Families Counselling Service, http://www.vvcs.gov.au/Clients/eligibility-at-a-glance.htm, accessed 20 August 2015.

[81]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 43.

[82]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 43.

[83]      Australian Counselling Service, Submission 17, p. 3.

[84]      Mr Brian Briggs, Practice Group Leader, Military Compensation, Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Committee Hansard, 1 September 2015, p. 20.

[85]      For example: Mr Mark Keynes, Submission 10, p. 2; Walking Wounded, Submission 18, p. 4; Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, pp 12–13; Australian Families of the Military Research and Support Foundation, Submission 26, pp 20–24; Dr Kieran Tranter, Submission 27, p. 26; Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 3; Legacy Australia, Submission 39,
pp 1–4; Alliance of Defence Service Organisations, Submission 40, pp. 2–4; Name withheld, Submission 43, pp 1–3; Name withheld, Submission 44, p. 4; Miss Alanna Power, Submission 48, p. 3; Royal Australian Armoured Corps Corporation, Submission 59, pp 2–4; Dr Kevin Kraushaar, Submission 64, pp 11–12; Australian Association of Social Workers, Submission 77, pp 4–5.

[86]      Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, pp 12–13.

[87]      Vietnam Veterans' Federation of Australia, Supplementary Submission 2.2, p. 2.; Partners of Veterans Association of Australia, Submission 42, p. 5; Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, pp 12–13.

[88]      Partners of Veterans Association of Australia, Submission 42, p. 5.

[89]      Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, pp 12–13.

[90]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 15.

[91]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, pp 15–16.

[92]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, pp 15–16.

[93]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 19.

[94]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 7.

Chapter 5 - Barriers to accessing mental health services

[1]        Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. 207.

[2]        Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. 200.

[3]        Department of Defence, Mental Health in the Australian Defence Force: 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study Report, p. xxviii.

[4]        For example: Stand Tall for PTSD, Submission 7, p. 3; Mr Mark Keynes, Submission 10, p. 1; Walking Wounded, Submission 18, p. 2; Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 17; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22, pp 4, 8; Australian Families of the Military Research and Support Foundation, Submission 26, p. 3, Dr Kieran Tranter, Submission 27, pp 38–40; Soldier On, Submission 29, pp 4, 6; Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, pp 2, 4; Legacy Australia, Submission 39, p. 3; Alliance of Defence Service Organisations, Submission 40, pp 2, 6–7; beyondblue, Submission 41, p. 4–5; Name withheld, Submission 44, pp 2–3; Slater & Gordon, Submission 51, p. 8; Major Stuart McCarthy, Submission 54, p. 4; Name withheld, Submission 56, p. 1; Royal Australian Armoured Corps Corporation, Submission 59, pp 6–8; Young and Well Cooperative Research Centre, Submission 62, pp 3, 6.

[5]        Mr John Bale, PTSD and Stigma in the Australian Army, October 2014, p. 17.

[6]        Mr John Bale, PTSD and Stigma in the Australian Army, October 2014, p. 17.

[7]        For example: Mr Douglas Steely, Submission 6, p. 16; Mr Mark Keynes, Submission 10, p. 3; Mr Jeremy Davey, Submission 25, p. 4; Dr Niall McLaren, Submission 50, p. 3; Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Submission 51, p. 9; Major Stuart McCarthy, Supplementary Submission 54.1, p. 2; Name withheld, Submission 70, p. 4.

[8]        Mr Matthew McKeever, Committee Hansard, 1 September 2015, p. 35.

[9]        Mr Matthew McKeever, Committee Hansard, 1 September 2015, p. 39.

[10]      Dr Niall McLaren, Committee Hansard, 1 September 2015, pp 33–34.

[11]      Air Chief Mark Binskin, Chief of the Defence Force, Department of Defence, Committee Hansard, 21 September 2015, p. 1.

[12]      Air Chief Mark Binskin, Chief of the Defence Force, Department of Defence, Committee Hansard, 21 September 2015, pp 6–7.

[13]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 4.

[14]      Department of Defence, ADF Mental Health & Wellbeing Plan 2012-2015, p. 12.

[15]      For example: Mr Mark Keynes, Submission 10, p. 1; Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, pp 3, 7, 17; Mr Jeremy Davey, Submission  25, p. 3; Australian Families of the Military Research and Support Foundation, Submission 26, p. 16; Dr Kieran Tranter, Submission 27, pp 18, 38–39; Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 4; Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, p. 2; beyondblue, Submission 41, pp 4–5; Name withheld, Submission 44, p. 3; Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Submission 51, p. 8; Royal Australian Armoured Corps Corporation, Submission 59, p. 7; Mr Bradley Skinner, Executive Officer, Walking Wounded, Committee Hansard, 1 September 2015, p. 6.

[16]      Mr Bradley Skinner, Executive Officer, Walking Wounded, Committee Hansard, 1 September 2015, p. 6.

[17]      Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 17.

[18]      Mr Mark Keynes, Submission 10, p. 1.

[19]      Mr John Bale, PTSD and Stigma in the Australian Army, October 2014, p. 32.

[20]      Mr John Bale, PTSD and Stigma in the Australian Army, October 2014, p. 32.

[21]      Department of Defence, answer to question on notice, 21 September 2015 (received 23 November 2015)

[22]      Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 18.

[23]      Department of Defence, Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome, Dents in the Soul – helping to cope with PTSD, http://www.defence.gov.au/Health/HealthPortal/PTSDDVD.asp, accessed 11 February 2016.

[24]      Department of Defence, Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome, Dents in the Soul – helping to cope with PTSD, http://www.defence.gov.au/Health/HealthPortal/PTSDDVD.asp, accessed 11 February 2016.

[25]      Aspen Medical, Submission 38, p. 69.

[26]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 52.

[27]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 12.

[28]      Mr Shane Carmody, Chief Operating Officer, Department of Veterans' Affairs, Committee Hansard, 21 September 2015, p. 2.

[29]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 25.

[30]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 25.

[31]      For example: Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 11; Mr Robert Shearman, Submission 21, p. 4; Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Submission 51, p. 13; and Dr Kevin Kraushaar, Submission 64, p.2.

[32]      Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 11.

[33]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 24.

[34]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 24.

[35]      For example: Returned and Services League of Australia (Wide Bay Burnett District), Submission 3, pp 1–5; Dr Jerome Gelb, Submission 5, pp 2–3; Mr Douglas Steley, Submission 6, pp 2– 6; Mr Robert Shortridge, Submission 16, pp 5–6; Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 18; Dr Kieran Tranter, Submission 27, p. 52; Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 9; Partners of Veterans Association of Australia, Submission 42, pp 9–10; Name withheld, Submission 44, pp 3–6; Miss Alanna Power, Submission 48, pp 1–4; Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Submission 51, pp 8, 19–20; Mr John Skewes, Submission 52, pp 1–8; Mr John Lawler, Submission 58, pp 1–23; Mrs Catherine Lawler, Submission 66, pp 1–8; Name withheld, Submission 67, pp 1 –3; Mr Dennis Bass, Submission 69; KCI Lawyers, Submission 71, pp 1–16; Name withheld, Submission 79, pp 1–2.

[36]      Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 18.

[37]      Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Submission 51, p. 22.

[38]      Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 9.

[39]      Mrs Catherine Lawler, Submission 66, p. 2.

[40]      Australian Public Service Commission, Capability review: Department of Veterans' Affairs, November 2013, pp 5–6.

[41]      Australian Public Service Commission, Capability review: Department of Veterans' Affairs, November 2013, p. 38.

[42]      Mr Brian Briggs, Practice Group Leader, Military Compensation, Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Committee Hansard, 1 September 2016, p. 15.

[43]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, pp 6–7.

[44]      Mr Shane Carmody, Chief Operating Officer, Department of Veterans' Affairs, Committee Hansard, 21 September 2015, p. 4.

[45]      For example: Returned and Services League of Australia (Wide Bay Burnett District), Submission 3, pp 1–5; Dr Jerome Gelb, Submission 5, pp 2–3; Mr Douglas Steley, Submission 6, pp 2– 6; Mr Robert Shortridge, Submission 16, pp 5–6; Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 18; Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 9; Partners of Veterans Association of Australia, Submission 42, pp 9–10; Name withheld, Submission 44, pp 3–6; Miss Alanna Power, Submission 48, pp 1–4; Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Submission 51, pp 8, 19–20; Mr John Skewes, Submission 52, pp 1–8; Mr John Lawler, Submission 58, pp 1–23; Mrs Catherine Lawler, Submission 66, pp 1–8; Name withheld, Submission 67, pp 1 –3; Mr Dennis Bass, Submission 69; KCI Lawyers, Submission 71, pp 1–16; Name withheld, Submission 79, pp 1–2.

[46]      Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 18.

[47]      Mr William Kearney, Wide Bay Burnett District of the Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 3, p. 3.

[48]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 27.

[49]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 27.

[50]      For example: Mr Douglas Steley, Submission 6, p. 39; Mr Robert Shortridge, Submission 16,
pp 2, 6–7; Australia Psychological Society, Submission 22, p. 13; Australian Families of the Military Research and Support Foundation, Submission 26, pp 15, 35; Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 6; Partners of Veterans Association of Australia, Submission 42, pp 9–10; Name withheld, Submission 44, pp 4–5; Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Submission 51, p. 8; Mr John Skewes, Submission 52, pp 5–6; Mr John Bale, Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder, Soldier On, Committee Hansard, 31 August 2015, p. 20.

[51]      Mr John Bale, Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder, Soldier On, Committee Hansard,
31 August 2015, p. 20.

[52]      Name withheld, Submission 44, pp 4–5.

[53]      Australian Public Service Commission, Capability review: Department of Veterans' Affairs, November 2013, p. 39.

[54]      Mr Shane Carmody, Chief Operating Officer, Department of Veterans' Affairs, Committee Hansard, 21 September 2015, p. 4.

[55]      For example: Mr Douglas Steley, Submission 6, p. 24; Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 33; Name withheld, Submission 44, p. 5; Mr John Lawler, Submission 58, pp 14–17; Mrs Catherine Lawler, Submission 66, pp 5–8;  KCI Lawyers, Submission 71, p. 8.

[56]      Name withheld, Submission 44, p. 5.

[57]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Supplementary Submission 35.1, p. 1.

[58]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 8.

[59]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Supplementary Submission 35.1, p. 1.

[60]      For example: Dr Jerome Gelb, Submission 5, pp 2–3; Mr Douglas Steley, Submission 6, pp 12– 13; Mr Robert Shortridge, Submission 16, pp 5–6; Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 38; Mr Robert Shearman, Submission 21, p. 5; Mr Geoff Bolwell, Submission 33, pp 23–24; Partners of Veterans Association of Australia, Submission 42, pp 9–10; Name withheld, Submission 44, pp 3–6; Miss Alanna Power, Submission 48, pp 1–4; Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Submission 51, pp 13–19; Mr John Lawler, Submission 58, pp 1–23; Mrs Catherine Lawler, Submission 66, pp 1–8; KCI Lawyers, Submission 71, pp 1–16.

[61]      Mr Brian Briggs, Practice Group Leader, Military Compensation, Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Committee Hansard, 1 September 2015, p. 16.

[62]      KCI Lawyers, Submission 71, p. 16.

[63]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 3.

[64]      Ms Lisa Foreman, First Assistant Secretary, Rehabilitation and Support, Department of Veterans' Affairs, Committee Hansard, 21 September 2015, pp 12–13.

[65]      Mr Shane Carmody, Chief Operating Officer, Department of Veterans' Affairs, Committee Hansard, 21 September 2015, p. 13.

[66]      For example: Walking Wounded, Submission 18, p. 3; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22, pp 9–10; Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia, Submission 23, pp 1, 6; Mr Jeremy Davey, Submission 25, p. 4; Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 8; Dr Kieran Tranter, Submission 27, p. 20; Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, p.6; Veterans' Health Advisory Council (South Australia), Submission 55, pp 7 –8; Australian Association of Social Workers, Submission 77, p. 4.

[67]      Ms Maria Brett, Chief Executive Officer, Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia, Committee Hansard, 31 August 2015, p. 53.

[68]      Ms Catherine O'Toole, Chief Executive Officer, Supported Options in Lifestyle & Access Services (SOLAS), Committee Hansard, 1 September 2015, p. 51.

[69]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 8.

Chapter 6 - Discharge, transition to civilian life, and veteran homelessness

[1]        For example: Veterans Care Association, Submission 4, p. 1; Mr Mark Keynes, Submission 10, pp 3–4; Mr Robert Shortridge, Submission 16, p. 4; Walking Wounded, Submission 18, p. 5; Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, pp 6, 13, 16, 18, 23; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22, pp 3 –4, 12; Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 11; Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, pp 9–10; beyondblue, Submission 41, p. 5; Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Submission 51, p. 20; Young and Well Cooperative Research Centre, Submission 62, pp 1–2; Australian Peacekeeper and Peacemaker Veterans' Association, Submission 78, pp 3, 9–10.

[2]        Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, p. 10.

[3]        Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 18.

[4]        Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 18.

[5]        Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, pp 29–30.

[6]        Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 6.

[7]        Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22, p. 13.

[8]        Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 18.

[9]        Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 18.

[10]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Veterans and Veterans Families Counselling Service, Stepping Out (Transition Program), http://www.vvcs.gov.au/Services/GroupPrograms/stepping-out.htm accessed 18 February 2016.

[11]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 29.

[12]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 18.

[13]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 50.

[14]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, answer to question on notice, 21 September 2015, (received 13 November 2015).

[15]      For example: Veterans Care Association, Submission  4, p. 2; Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, pp 18–19; Solider On, Submission 29, p. 11; Alliance of Defence Service Organisations, Submission 40, pp 10–11; Royal Australian Regiment Association, Submission 46, pp 8–9; Royal Australian Armoured Corps Corporation, Submission 59, pp 10– 12; KCI Lawyers, Submission 71, p. 10; Australian Peacekeeper & Peacemaker Veterans' Association, Submission 78, pp 7–9.

[16]      Solider On, Submission 29, p. 11.

[17]      Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 11.

[18]      KCI Lawyers, Submission 71, p. 10.

[19]      Australian Peacekeeper & Peacemaker Veterans' Association, Submission 78, p. 7.

[20]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 32.

[21]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, pp 33–34.

[22]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 35.

[23]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 34.

[24]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 34.

[25]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 35.

[26]      For example: Mr Robert Shortridge, Submission 16, p. 14; Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 16; Mr Robert Shearman, Submission 21, p. 3; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22, p. 13; Soldier On, Submission 29, p. 11; Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, p. 10; Legacy Australia, Submission 39, p. 4; Royal Australian Regiment Association, Submission 46, p. 4; Slater & Gordon Lawyers, Submission 51, p. 18; KCI Lawyers, Submission 71, pp 8–9.

[27]      Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, p. 10.

[28]      It should be noted that in November 2013 the Memorandum of Understanding was updated to remove reference to veterans.

[29]      Department of Defence and Department of Veterans' Affairs, Memorandum of Understanding for the Cooperative Delivery of Care and Support to Eligible Persons, p. 8.

[30]      Department of Defence and Department of Veterans' Affairs, Memorandum of Understanding: Cooperative Delivery of Care and Support to Eligible Persons, version 1.1, November 2013, pp 8–10.

[31]      Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 16.

[32]      Returned & Services League of Australia , Submission 19, p. 16.

[33]      Department of Defence, Submission 34, p. 16.

[34]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 34, pp 22–23.

[35]      Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22, p. 13.

[36]      Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 14.

[37]      Miss Alanna Powers, Committee Hansard, 31 August 2015, p. 67.

[38]      Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin AC, Chief of the Defence Force, Department of Defence, Committee Hansard, 21 September 2015, pp 17–18.

[39]      Mr Shane Carmody, Chief Operating Officer, Department of Veterans' Affairs, Committee Hansard, 21 September 2015, p. 18.

[40]      For example: Mr Douglas Steley, Submission 6, p. 6; Mr Robert Shortridge, Submission 16, pp 4–5; Walking Wounded, Submission 18, pp 4–5; Returned and Services League of Australia, Submission 19, pp 11, 14–15, 25–41; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 22, pp 10–12; Dr Kieran Tranter, Submission 27, pp 30–40; Soldier On, Submission 29, pp 8–9; Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, p. 9; Alliance of Defence Service Organisations, Submission 40, pp 2, 4–5; Name withheld, Submission 43, p. 2; Royal Australian Regiment Association, Submission 46, p. 2; Slater & Gordon, Submission 51, pp 13–15; Royal Australian Armoured Corps Corporation, Submission 59, p. 4–6; Young and Well Cooperative Research Centre, Submission 62, pp 7–8; Dr Kevin Kraushaar, Submission 64, p. 12; Name withheld, Submission 70, pp 5 –6; KCI Lawyers, Submission 71, p. 6; Mr Phil Hay, Submission 72, pp 1–9; Name withheld, Submission 79, pp 1–5.

[41]      Phoenix Australia, Submission 30, p. 9.

[42]      Ms Sue Campion, First Assistant Secretary, Health and Community Services Division, Department of Veterans' Affairs, Committee Hansard, 21 September 2015, p. 22.

[43]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 49.

[44]      Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 28.

[45]      Mr Shane Carmody, Chief Operating Officer, Department of Veterans' Affairs, Committee Hansard, 21 September 2015, p. 22.

[46]      Mr Shane Carmody, Chief Operating Officer, Department of Veterans' Affairs, Committee Hansard, 21 September 2015, p. 23.

[47]      Department of Veterans' Affairs, Submission 35, p. 51.

[48]      Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 27.

[49]      Mr Geoff Evans, Ambassador and Founder, Homes for Heroes, RSL Lifecare, Committee Hansard, 18 November 2015, p. 1.

[50]      Name withheld, Submission 79, p. 3.

[51]      Mr Gary Norman, Committee Hansard, 18 November 2015, p. 14.

[52]      Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 27.

[53]      Mr Geoff Evans, Ambassador and Founder, Homes for Heroes, RSL Lifecare, Committee Hansard, 18 November 2015, p. 1.

[54]      Mr Geoff Evans, Ambassador and Founder, Homes for Heroes, RSL Lifecare, Committee Hansard, 18 November 2015, p. 2.

[55]      Mr Lee Sarich, Committee Hansard, 18 November 2015, p. 9.

[56]      Returned & Services League of Australia, Submission 19, p. 41.

[57]      Mr Geoff Evans, Ambassador and Founder, Homes for Heroes, RSL Lifecare, Committee Hansard, 18 November 2015, p. 4.

[58]      Mr Geoff Evans, Ambassador and Founder, Homes for Heroes, RSL Lifecare, Committee Hansard, 18 November 2015, p. 4.

[59]      Mr Geoff Evans, Ambassador and Founder, Homes for Heroes, RSL Lifecare, Committee Hansard, 18 November 2015, p. 4.

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