Kyoto Protocol Ratification Bill 2003 [No. 2]

Kyoto Protocol Ratification Bill 2003 [No. 2]

25 March 2004

© Commonwealth of Australia 2004
ISBN 0 642 71367 7

View the report as a single document - (PDF 387KB)

View the report as separate downloadable parts:

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Committee Membership (PDF 107KB)
Chapter 1 - Introduction (PDF 104KB)

Referral and conduct of the inquiry
Background to the reference

Chapter 2 - Climate change and the Kyoto Protocol (PDF 154KB)

Climate change
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
The Kyoto Protocol
Kyoto Protocol flexibility measures
The Australian Government position on the Kyoto Protocol

Chapter 3 - Arguments in favour of ratification (PDF 153KB)

Australia needs to be, and be seen to be, a good global environmental citizen and to be seen to be serious about tackling greenhouse gas emissions
If it fails to ratify, Australia will be excluded from potential emissions trading and CDM benefits
If it fails to ratify, Australian industry will be adversely affected [and some firms may be driven offshore with consequent loss of Australian jobs and profits]
Assuming that the Kyoto Protocol enters into force, and Australia fails to ratify, in accordance with Article 13(2) of the Protocol it will not be eligible to participate formally in the proceedings of any session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, and will therefore not be eligible to participate formally in negotiations on the post-2012 period that occur within the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol
Ratification would allow Australia to meet its 108% emissions target at lower cost
If developed countries embraced the Protocol, developing countries would be more likely to accept emissions targets in commitment periods after 2012
Ratification need not be a permanent or irreversible commitment

Chapter 4 - Arguments against ratification (PDF 151KB)

Australia’s ratification would make no difference to the coming into effect of the Kyoto Protocol
Australia is already committed to meeting its emissions target, whether it ratifies or not
The Kyoto Protocol will not be effective in reducing global emission levels
The Kyoto Protocol will harm Australian industry
Cost-benefit analyses suggest that the costs of the Kyoto Protocol exceed its benefits
The volume of greenhouse gas emissions from a given country is not a good measure of that country’s impact on global emissions
The Protocol lacks credible compliance measures
Alternative mechanisms
Technological solutions
Problems associated with Kyoto’s flexibility measures

Chapter 5 - Conclusions and recommendation (PDF 342KB)

Climate change
Should Australia ratify the Kyoto Protocol?
The economic impact of ratification
The practical affect of Australian non-ratification
Australia's greenhouse gas abatement programs and policies

Dissenting report by Australian Labor Party, Australian Democrats and Australian Greens (PDF 185KB)

Why the Kyoto Protocol should be ratified
  The Kyoto Protocol should be ratified
  Climate change
  The Kyoto Protocol is a flawed treaty
  The Kyoto Protocol would adversely affect our economic interests and jobs
  Technology can solve global warming and allow us to continue to exploit our fossil fuels (we can have our cake and eat it too)
We can meet our 108 per cent target and reduce growth in greenhouse gas emissions by domestic action and without the need to ratify the Kyoto Protocol
Support for the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol

Appendix 1 - List of Submitters (PDF 100KB)
Appendix 2 - Witnesses at Public Hearing (PDF 89KB)
Appendix 3 - Exhibits (PDF 108KB)
Appendix 4 - Australia's Bilateral Partnerships on Climate Change (PDF 90KB)

For further information, contact:

Committee Secretary
Senate Standing Committees on Environment, Communications and the Arts
PO Box 6100
Parliament House
Canberra ACT 2600

Phone: +61 2 6277 3526
Fax: +61 2 6277 5818