Footnotes

Footnotes

Chapter 1 - Introduction

[1]        Journals of the Senate, No. 17, 5 March 2014, p. 563.

[2]        Journals of the Senate, No. 30, 16 June 2014, p. 849.

Chapter 2 - Overview of the use of environmental offsets

[1]        See, for example, Maron M, Hobbs RJ, Moilanen A, Matthews JW, Christie K, Gardner TA, Keith DA, Lindenmayer, DB and McAlpine CA, 'Faustian Bargains? Restoration Realities in the Context of Biodiversity Offset Policies' (2012) 155 Biological Conservation, p. 141.

[2]        Australian Government, Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 Environmental Offsets Policy, October 2012, p. 4, http://www.environment.gov.au/resource/epbc-act-environmental-offsets-policy (accessed 1 May 2014).

[3]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 1.

[4]        EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 7.

[5]        EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 8.

[6]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 5.

[7]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 5; EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 8.

[8]        EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 8.

[9]        EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 8.

[10]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, pp 5–6.

[11]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 8; Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 6.

[12]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 34.

[13]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 9; see also Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 6.

[14]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 9.

[15]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 9.

[16]      EPBC Act, s. 3.

[17]      EPBC Act, s. 3A.

[18]      Each matter of environmental significance is the subject of a subdivision (A–FB) of Chapter 2, Part 3, Division 1 of the EPBC Act, with any additional matters to be prescribed in Division 2.2 of Part 2 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Regulations 2000.

[19]      Department of the Environment, What is protected under the EPBC Act?, http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/about-us/legislation/environment-protection-and-biodiversity-conservation-act-1999/what  (accessed 1 May 2014). Note that other matters protected under the EPBC Act include the environment, where proposed actions involve Commonwealth land or Commonwealth agencies.

[20]      A flow chart of this process is contained in Figure 1 of the EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 13.

[21]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 1; see also Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 25.

[22]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 7; Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 3.

[23]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 2.

[24]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 3; see further Department of the Environment, Strategic Assessments, http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/environment-protection/environment-assessments/strategic-assessments (accessed 21 May 2014).

[25]      Department of the Environment, Water Heritage and the Arts, The Australian Environment Act: Report of the Independent review of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Hawke review), October 2009, http://www.environment.gov.au/legislation/environment-protection-and-biodiversity-conservation-act/epbc-review-2008 (accessed 21 May 2014).

[26]      Hawke review, October 2009, recommendation 7 and also pp 117–122.

[27]      Australian Government, Australian Government Response to the Report of the Independent Review of the EPBC Act, August 2011, p. 21, http://www.environment.gov.au/resource/australian-government-response-report-independent-review-environment-protection-and (accessed 21 May 2014).

[28]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 2.

[29]      The Hon Tony Burke MP, then Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, 'Reforms better for the environment, better for business', Media Release, 24 August 2011, at: http://www.environment.gov.au/minister/archive/burke/2011/mr20110824.html (accessed 21 May 2014).

[30]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 2.

[31]      Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme, Standard on Biodiversity Offsets, http://www.forest-trends.org/documents/files/doc_3078.pdf and see also http://bbop.forest-trends.org/ (accessed 29 May 2014).

[32]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 1.

[33]      Department of the Environment, Q&A offsets under national environmental law, June 2013, p. 2, http://www.environment.gov.au/system/files/resources/12630bb4-2c10-4c8e-815f-2d7862bf87e7/files/offsets-faq.pdf (accessed 21 May 2014).

[34]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 6.

[35]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 6.

[36]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 1.

[37]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, pp 1 and 8.

[38]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 9.

[39]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 7 and see also pp 8–10.

[40]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 7.

[41]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 8.

[42]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 8.

[43]      Senate Standing Committee on Environment, Communications and the Arts, The operation of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, First Report, March 2009, p. 70.

[44]      Senate Standing Committee on Environment, Communications and the Arts, The operation of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, First Report, March 2009, pp 66–70.

[45]      Australian Government, Australian Government Response to the Senate Standing Committee on Environment, Communications and the Arts Committee Report: Operation of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (First, Second and Final Reports), September 2011, p. 6.

[46]      Senate Environment and Communications References Committee, Effectiveness of threatened species and ecological communities' protection in Australia, August 2013, p. 185.

[47]      Senate Environment and Communications References Committee, Effectiveness of threatened species and ecological communities' protection in Australia, August 2013, p. 187.

[48]      Senate Environment and Communications References Committee, Effectiveness of threatened species and ecological communities' protection in Australia, August 2013, p. 196.

[49]      Senate Environment and Communications References Committee, Effectiveness of threatened species and ecological communities' protection in Australia, August 2013, p. 207.

[50]      Senate Environment and Communications References Committee, Effectiveness of threatened species and ecological communities' protection in Australia, August 2013, p. 207.

[51]      Senate Environment and Communications References Committee, Effectiveness of threatened species and ecological communities' protection in Australia, August 2013, p. 155.

[52]      ANAO, 'Managing Compliance with EPBC Act 1999 Conditions of Approval', Performance Audit Report No. 43 2013­–14 (ANAO Audit Report), http://www.anao.gov.au/Publications/Audit-Reports/2013-2014/Managing-Compliance-with-EPBC-Act-1999-Conditions-of-Approval (accessed 19 June 2014).

[53]      ANAO Audit Report, p. 16.

[54]      ANAO Audit Report, p. 16.

[55]      ANAO Audit Report, p. 18 and see pp 26–28 for the recommendations in full.

[56]      Productivity Commission, Major Project Development Assessment Processes, Research Report, December 2013, http://www.pc.gov.au/projects/study/major-projects (accessed 20 May 2014).

[57]      Productivity Commission, Major Project Development Assessment Processes, Research Report, December 2013, http://www.pc.gov.au/projects/study/major-projects (accessed 20 May 2014).

[58]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 23.

[59]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 23.

[60]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 23.

[61]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 13.

[62]      Department of the Environment, 'One stop shop' for environmental approvals, http://environment.gov.au/topics/about-us/legislation/environment-protection-and-biodiversity-conservation-act-1999/one-stop (accessed 23 May 2014).

[63]      EPBC Act, s. 47.

[64]      EPBC Act, s. 29, s. 46.

[65]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 13.

[66]      Copies of the current assessment bilateral agreements may be found on the website of the Department of the Environment: http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/environment-protection/environment-assessments/bilateral-agreements (accessed on 04/06/2014). Note that Queensland and New South Wales have recently entered into new assessment bilateral agreements. The ACT, Northern Territory, South Australia and Western Australia have published new draft assessment agreements.

[67]      See further Department of the Environment, 'One stop shop' for environmental approvals, http://environment.gov.au/topics/about-us/legislation/environment-protection-and-biodiversity-conservation-act-1999/one-stop (accessed 23 May 2014).

[68]      Environment and Heritage NSW, Draft NSW Biodiversity Offsets Policy for Major Projects, http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/biodivoffsets/bioffsetspol.htm (accessed 21 May 2014).

[69]      Environment and Heritage NSW, OEH principles for the use of biodiversity offsets in NSW, http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/biodivoffsets/oehoffsetprincip.htm (accessed 21 May 2014).

[70]      See further Environment and Heritage NSW, Biobanking, http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/biobanking/index.htm (accessed 21 May 2014).

[71]      Environment and Heritage NSW, Biocertification, http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/biocertification/index.htm (accessed 21 May 2014).

[72]      Environment and Heritage NSW, Biodiversity Offsets, http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/biodivoffsets/index.htm (accessed 21 May 2014).

[73]      https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/Bills/54PDF/2014/EnvironmentalOffsetsB14.pdf

[74]      Queensland Minister for Environment and Heritage Protection, 'New offset legislation delivers for Queensland's environment', Media statement, 23 May 2014, see also http://statements.qld.gov.au/Statement/2014/5/23/new-offset-legislation-delivers-for-queenslands-environment (accessed 28 May 2014); see also Clayton Utz, 'Queensland's single State environmental offsets policy', 6 March 2014, http://www.claytonutz.com/publications/edition/6_march_2014/20140306/queenslands_single_state_environmental_offsets_policy.page (accessed 28 May 2014); and Department of Environment and Heritage Protection, Environmental offsets, https://www.ehp.qld.gov.au/management/environmental-offsets/environmental-offsets.html (accessed 21 May 2014).

[75]      Victorian Department of Environment and Primary Industries, Native vegetation offsets http://www.depi.vic.gov.au/environment-and-wildlife/biodiversity/native-vegetation/native-vegetation-permitted-clearing-regulations/native-vegetation-offsets (accessed 1 May 2014).

[76]      See further Victorian Department of Environment and Primary Industries, Bushbroker, http://www.depi.vic.gov.au/environment-and-wildlife/biodiversity/native-vegetation/native-vegetation-permitted-clearing-regulations/native-vegetation-offsets/bushbroker (accessed 5 June 2014).

[77]      South Australian Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources, Significant environmental benefit, http://www.environment.sa.gov.au/managing-natural-resources/Native_vegetation/Managing_native_vegetation/Significant_environmental_benefit (accessed 5 June 2014).

[78]      South Australian Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources, Native vegetation, http://www.environment.sa.gov.au/managing-natural-resources/Native_vegetation; see also No species loss, http://www.environment.sa.gov.au/managing-natural-resources/Ecosystem_conservation/No_species_loss (accessed 5 June 2014).

[79]      WA Environmental Protection Authority, WA Environmental Offsets Policy, p. 1, http://www.epa.wa.gov.au/EPADocLib/WAEnvOffsetsPolicy-270911.pdf (accessed 21 May 2014).

[80]      http://dpipwe.tas.gov.au/Documents/General-Offset-Principles.pdf (accessed 1 May 2014).

[81]      Northern Territory Environment Protection Authority, Guidelines on environmental offsets and associated approval conditions, http://www.ntepa.nt.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/349937/guideline_assessment_environmental_offsets.pdf (accessed 1 May 2014).

[82]      ACT Department of Territory and Municipal Services, Environmental Offsets, http://www.tams.act.gov.au/parks-recreation/parks_and_reserves/environmental-offsets (accessed 18 June 2014); see also Conservation Council ACT Region, Submission 78, p. 2.

Chapter 3 - Principles that underpin the use of environmental offsets

[1]        Australian Koala Foundation Submission 4, p. 1; North Queensland Conservation Council, Submission 18, p. 1; Humane Society International, Submission 28, p. 1; Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland, Submission 39, p. 2; National Parks Association of NSW Armidale Branch, Submission 51, p. 7; Friends of the Earth Australia, Submission 58, p. 1; Ms Sonya Duus, Submission 67, p. 1; Environment Defenders Office (Victoria), Submission 72, p. 3; Mr Barrie Griffiths, Submission 91, p. 1.

[2]        Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 15.

[3]        Mr Adam Walters, Research and Investigations Coordinator, Greenpeace, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 26.

[4]        Mr Philip Spark, President, Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 50.

[5]        Friends of the Earth Australia, Submission 58, p. 3, citing Professor Hugh Possingham on Saturday Breakfast with Geraldine Doogue, ABC Radio National, 17 December 2005, http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/saturdayextra/biodiversity-banking-part-two/3311402 (accessed 1 May 2014).

[6]        Professor Richard Hobbs in Di Martin, 'Background Briefing: The trouble with offsets', ABC Radio National, 16 March 2014, http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/backgroundbriefing/2014-03-16/5312944 (accessed 1 May 2014); see also Dr Denis Saunders AM, Wentworth Group of Concerned Scientists (Wentworth Group), Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 14; Ms Anne Makhanji, Submission 14, p. 1; Martine Maron, Richard Hobbs et al (2012), 'Faustian bargains? Restoration realities in the context of biodiversity offset policies', Biological Conservation, vol. 155, pp 141–148.

[7]        Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 3.

[8]        Gomeroi Traditional Custodians, Submission 93, p. 11.

[9]        Mr Stephen Talbott, TO Knowledge Holder, Gomeroi Traditional Custodians, Committee Hansard, 18 June 2014, p. 4.

[10]      Environmental Defenders Office (Victoria), Submission 72, p. 3.

[11]      Mr Ian Lee, Submission 71, pp 28–29.

[12]      Gomeroi Traditional Custodians, Submission 93, p. 9.

[13]      Convention on Biological Diversity, http://www.cbd.int/ (accessed 11 June 2014). Australia became a party to the Convention in 1993.

[14]      Mrs Patricia Julien, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 26.

[15]      Queensland Murray‑Darling Committee, Submission 22, p. 3; Watson Community Association, Submission 54, p. 2; WWF-Australia, Submission 73, p. 1; QGC, Submission 74, p. 1; Wentworth Group, Submission 85, p. 1; Environmental Institute of Australia and New Zealand (EIANZ), Submission 88, p. 2; see also Environmental Farmers Network, Submission 46, p. 1.

[16]      Mr Martin Fallding, Environmental Planner, Lake Macquarie City Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 42.

[17]      Business Council of Australia, Submission 81, p. 1.

[18]      NSW Minerals Council, Submission 76, p. 4.

[19]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 8.

[20]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 8.

[21]      Gomeroi Traditional Custodians, Submission 93, p. 11.

[22]      National Farmers' Federation, Submission 15, pp 1–2.

[23]      National Farmers' Federation, Submission 15, p. 2.

[24]      See, for example, Wentworth Group, Submission 85, p. 1; Business Council of Australia, Submission 81, p. 1; Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 6.

[25]      EIANZ, Submission 88, p. 2.

[26]      Dr Philip Gibbons in Di Martin, 'Background Briefing: The trouble with offsets', ABC Radio National, 16 March 2014; see also Ms Anne Makhanji, Submission 14, p. 1.

[27]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 25.

[28]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 6.

[29]      Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 6.

[30]      Ms Melanie Stutsel, Director, Health, Safety, Environment and Community Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 6. See Chapter 2 for further information in relation to the Business Biodiversity Offsets Program.

[31]      Dr Philip Gibbons, Submission 21, p. 1.

[32]      EIANZ, Submission 88, pp 4–5.

[33]      See, for example, Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 7; NFF, Submission 15, p. 2.

[34]      Indigenous Advisory Committee, Submission 82, p. 3.

[35]      Indigenous Advisory Committee, Submission 82, p. 3.

[36]      See, for example, Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 1; Dr Anita Foerster and Professor Jan McDonald, Submission 23, p. 2; Ms Rachel Walmsley, Australian Network of Environmental Defender's Offices, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 29.

[37]      Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 18.

[38]      Environmental Defenders Office (Victoria), Submission 72, p. 4.

[39]      Dr Anita Foerster and Professor Jan McDonald, Submission 23, p. 2.

[40]      Blue Mountains Conservation Society, Submission 52, p. 3.

[41]      Wildlife Queensland, Submission 39, p. 2; Friends of the Earth Australia, Submission 58, p. 3; Mr Ian Lee, Submission 71, pp 16–19; The Wilderness Society, Submission 84, p. 3; Gomeroi Traditional Custodians, Submission 93, p. 10.

[42]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 7.

[43]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 7.

[44]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 25.

[45]      See, for example, Indigenous Land Corporation (ILC), Submission 19, p. 3; National Environmental Law Association (NELA), Submission 31, p. 3; Friends of Ken Hurst Park, Submission 65, p. 6; QGC, Submission 74, p. 2; Business Council of Australia, Submission 81, p. 1. Although supportive of the principle of the mitigation hierarchy, some submitters argued that the policy did not go far enough: Dr Yung En Chee and members of the Quantitative and Applied Ecology Group (Dr Yung En Chee), Submission 57, p. 3; BirdLife Australia, Submission 77, p. 5.

[46]      Ms Emma Pethybridge, Manager, Environment, Carbon and Heritage, ILC, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 34.

[47]      Environmental Decisions Group, Submission 50, p. 2.

[48]      Birdlife Southern New South Wales, Submission 5, p. 7.

[49]      Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 17.

[50]      See, for example, Australian Koala Foundation, Submission 4, pp 2–3; Environmental Decisions Group, Submission 50, p. 2; Mr Adam Walters, Research and Investigations Coordinator, Greenpeace, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 24; NELA, Submission 31, p. 5.

[51]      Dr Anita Foerster and Professor Jan McDonald, Submission 23, p. 3.

[52]      Friends of the Earth, Submission 58, p. 2; see also Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, pp 42–43.

[53]      Friends of the Earth, Submission 58, p. 2.

[54]      Environmental Decisions Group, Submission 50, pp 2–3.

[55]      EDO (Victoria), Submission 72, p. 5.

[56]      Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 15.

[57]      Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 15.

[58]      Tasmanian Farmers and Graziers Association, Submission 10, p. 4.

[59]      Ms Melanie Stutsel, Director, Health, Safety, Environment and Community Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 1.

[60]      AMEC, Submission 40, pp 6–7.

[61]      AMEC, Submission 40, p. 7.

[62]      Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 35.

[63]      Conservation Council ACT Region, Submission 78, Attachment 1, p. 5.

[64]      See, for example, Mrs Patricia Julien, Research Analyst, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, pp 30–31; Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, pp 41–42.

[65]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 29.

[66]      BirdLife Australia, Submission 77, p. 5; Blue Mountains Conservation Society Inc., Submission 52, p. 5; Australasian Bat Society, Submission 69, p. 2; Humane Society International, Submission 28, p. 2; The Wilderness Society Inc., Submission 84, p. 12; NSW Minerals Council, Submission 76, p. 4; Chamber of Minerals and Energy of Western Australia, Submission 33, p. 4; Friends of Grasslands, Submission 13, p. 1; Queensland Murray-Darling Committee, Submission 22, p. 3; WWF-Australia, Submission 73, p. 1; EIANZ, Submision 88, p. 5; Dr Denis Saunders AM, Wentworth Group, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 14; Ms Emma Pethybridge, Manager, Environment, Carbon and Heritage, ILC, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 34.

[67]      Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 3.

[68]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 7.

[69]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 5.

[70]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 33.

[71]      Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 3; Dr Yung En Chee, Submission 57, p. 5; Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 8.

[72]      Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 8.

[73]      ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 3; see also NELA, Submission 31, p. 9.

[74]      Dr Martine Maron, Submission 7, p. 4.

[75]      EIANZ, Submission 88, p. 5.

[76]      Queensland Murray-Darling Committee, Submission 22, p. 3.

[77]      Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 15.

[78]      Dr Yung En Chee, Submission 57, p. 5.

[79]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 27.

[80]      Ms Margaret Moorhouse, Acting Secretary/Treasurer, Alliance to Save Hinchinbrook, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 55; see also, for example, Mr Jan Arens, President, Gladstone Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 50.

[81]      Mr Adam Walters, Research and Investigations Coordinator, Greenpeace, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 25.

[82]      Mr Adam Walters, Research and Investigations Coordinator, Greenpeace, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 25.

[83]      Mrs Patricia Julien, Research Analyst, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 30.

[84]      See, for example, Australian Orchid Council, Submission 2, p. 3; Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 4; NELA, Submission 31, p. 6; Gladstone Conservation Council Inc., Submission 59, p. 2; ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 17.

[85]      Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 5.

[86]      Ms Melanie Stutsel, Director, Health, Safety, Environment and Community Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 7.

[87]      Urban Bushland Council of WA Inc., Submission 53, p. 1.

[88]      Professor Richard Hobbs and Dr Leonie Valentine, Submission 25, p. 2.

[89]      Dr Denis Saunders, Wentworth Group of Concerned Scientists, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 17.

[90]      Department of the Environment, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing 6 May 2014, pp 11–13 [Q. 7].

[91]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 6.

[92]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 4.

[93]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 4.

[94]      Mr Peter Cosier, Director and Founding Member, Wentworth Group, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 11; see also, for example, Mr Geoffrey Penton, Chief Executive, Queensland Murray-Darling Committee, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 7.

[95]      Wentworth Group, Submission 85, p. 1.

[96]      Dr Anita Foerster and Professor Jan McDonald, Submission 23, p. 3; Humane Society International, Submission 28, p. 2; Professor Richard Hobbs and Dr Leonie Valentine, Submission 25, p. 2; Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 18; ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 4; Environmental Defenders Office Victoria, Submission 72, p. 3.

[97]      See, for example, Mr Philip Spark, President, Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 50.

[98]      See, for example, Dr Denis Saunders AM, Wentworth Group, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 17.

[99]      Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 18.

[100]    Dr Martine Maron, Submission 7, p. 1.

[101]    Dr Martine Maron, Submission 7, p. 1.

[102]    NSW Minerals Council, Submission 76, p. 4.

[103]    NSW Minerals Council, Submission 76, p. 4.

[104]    NSW Minerals Council, Submission 76, pp 5, 16–18.

[105]    Mr Des Boyland, Policies and Campaigns Manager and Secretary, Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 14.

[106]    Mr Martin Fallding, Environmental Planner, Lake Macquarie City Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 45.

[107]    Ms Margaret Moorhouse, Acting Secretary/Treasurer, Alliance to Save Hinchinbrook, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 55.

[108]    See, for example, ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 4; Humane Society International, Submission 28, p. 2; Nature Conservation Society of South Australia, Submission 89, p. 2; Australian Koala Foundation Submission 4, p. 5; Watson Community Association, Submission 54, p. 2.

[109]    Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 8.

[110]    ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 5.

[111]    Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 18.

[112]    Mr Dean Knudson, First Assistant Secretary, Environment, Assessment and Compliance Division, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 26.

[113]    Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 8.

[114]    Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 20; Watson Community Association, Submission 54, p. 3.

[115]    Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 24.

[116]    Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 19.

[117]    Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 20.

[118]    Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 4; NELA, Submission 31, p. 8.

[119]    Ms Emma Pethybridge, Manager, Environment, Carbon and Heritage, ILC, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 34.

[120]    Mr Dean Knudson, First Assistant Secretary, Environment, Assessment and Compliance Division, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 26.

[121]    ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 3; Humane Society International, Submission 28, p. 2; Nature Conservation Society of South Australia, Submission 89, p. 2; Friends of Ken Hurst Park, Submission 65, p. 6; Dr Yung En Chee, Submission 57, p. 4; Dr Anita Foerster and Professor Jan McDonald, Submission 23, p. 5; Environmental Decisions Group, Submission 50, p. 3.

[122]    ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 4.

[123]    Department of the Environment, Submission 79, pp 4–5.

[124]    EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 22.

[125]    Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 7.

[126]    See, for example, Environmental Decisions Group, Submission 50, p. 3; Mr Adam Walters, Research and Investigations Coordinator, Greenpeace, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 28; Friends of Grasslands, Submission 13, p. 1.

[127]    Mr Adam Walters, Research and Investigations Coordinator, Greenpeace, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 28.

[128]    Greenpeace, Submission 61, p. 6.

[129]    See, for example, Australian Koala Foundation, Submission 4, p. 4; Greenpeace, Submission 61, p. 7; The Wilderness Society, Submission 84, p. 8.

[130]    See, for example, Professor Richard Hobbs and Dr Leonie Valentine, Submission 25, p. 1.

[131]    Friends of Grasslands, Submission 13, p. 1.

[132]    Ms Beverley Smiles, Secretary, Central West Environment Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 13.

[133]    Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 27.

[134]    David Hogg, Submission 16, p.2.

[135]    Ms Melanie Stutsel, Director, Health, Safety, Environment and Community Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 1.

[136]    Dr Anita Foerster and Professor Jan McDonald, Submission 23, p. 5.

[137]    EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 8.

[138]    EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 9.

[139]    EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 9. The marine environment is discussed further in Chapter 4.

[140]    See, for example, National Farmers' Federation, Submission 15, p. 2; NSW Minerals Council, Submission 76, p. 12; Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 6; QGC, Submission 74, p. 2; Ms Melanie Stutsel, Director, Health, Safety, Environment and Community Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 5.

[141]    Ms Melanie Stutsel, Director, Health, Safety, Environment and Community Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 5.

[142]    Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 6.

[143]    Business Council of Australia, Submission 81, p. 1.

[144]    Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 6; see also, for example, QGC, Submission 74, p. 2.

[145]    Indigenous Advisory Committee, Submission 82, p. 4.

[146]    ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 4; see also, for example, Birdlife Australia, Submission 77, p. 6; Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 30; Australasian Bat Society, Submission 69, p. 4,

[147]    ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 4.

[148]    NELA, Submission 31, p. 10.

[149]    See, for example, Queensland Murray-Darling Committee, Submission 22, pp 25–27; Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 30.

[150]    Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 29; see also, for example, Mr Geoffrey Penton, Chief Executive, Queensland Murray-Darling Committee, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 8.

[151]    AIMS, Submission 43, p. 2.

[152]    NELA, Submission 31, p. 10.

[153]    Environmental Decisions Group, Submission 50, p. 4.

[154]    Greenpeace, Submission 61, p. 9; see also Mr Adam Walters, Research and Investigations Coordinator, Greenpeace, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 26.

[155]    Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 20.

[156]    Dr Martine Maron, Submission 7, p. 4.

[157]    See, for example, Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 20.

[158]    Friends of the Earth, Submission 58, p. 4; see also Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 43.

[159]    Birdlife Australia, Submission 77, p. 7.

[160]    Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 35.

[161]    Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 34.

Chapter 4 - Processes for developing environmental offsets

[1]        EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 6.

[2]        EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 23.

[3]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, pp 2–3; EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 7.

[4]        See, for example, Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock The Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, pp 5–6; Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 18; Ms Sue Higginson, Principal Solicitor, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 34; Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 43; Friends of Grasslands, Submission 13, p. 2; Greenpeace, Submission 61, p. 1.

[5]        Mr Des Boyland, Policies and Campaigns Manager and Secretary, Wildlife Queensland, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 20.

[6]        Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 18.

[7]        Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 6 and see also p. 2.

[8]        Lock the Gate, Submission 20, p. 6.

[9]        Friends of Ken Hurst Park, Submission 65, p. 7.

[10]      Friends of Grasslands, Submission 13, p. 2.

[11]      Greenpeace, Submission 61, p. 1.

[12]      Mr Adam Walters, Research and Investigations Coordinator, Greenpeace, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 22 and see also p. 27.

[13]      See, for example, NELA, Submission 31, p. 6; Friends of the Earth Australia, Submission 58, p. 6; Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 40; Mr Jan Arens, President, Gladstone Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 51.

[14]      NELA, Submission 31, p. 6.

[15]      See, for example, Friends of Grasslands, Submission 13, p. 2; Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 14; NELA, Submission 31, pp 5–6; Birdlife Australia, Submission 77, p. 6; Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock The Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 5.

[16]      Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 40; see also Friends of the Earth Australia, Submission 58, pp 6–7.

[17]      For example, Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 12; Mr Philip Spark, President, Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 56; Ms Sue Higginson, Principal Solicitor, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 34.

[18]      NELA, Submission 31, p. 6.

[19]      Mr Jan Arens, President, Gladstone Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 51.

[20]      Ms Claire Doherty, Director, Community Development, NSW Minerals Council, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 5.

[21]      Ms Claire Doherty, Director, Community Development, NSW Minerals Council, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 2.

[22]      Ms Melanie Stutsel, Director, Health, Safety, Environment and Community Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 5.

[23]      QGC, Submission 74, p. 2.

[24]      Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 7.

[25]      Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 6.

[26]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 29.

[27]      Mr Dean Knudson, First Assistant Secretary, Environment, Assessment and Compliance Division, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, pp 27 and 30.

[28]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 29.

[29]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 29.

[30]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 14. The committee notes also that the department is in discussions with QGC about delays in relation to the Curtis LNG Project, outlined further in Appendix 5.

[31]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 14.

[32]      See, for example, Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, pp 18–19; Ms Sue Higginson, Principal Solicitor, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 34; Friends of Grasslands, Submission 13, p. 2; Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 10.

[33]      See, for example, Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock The Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 5.

[34]      Ms Sue Higginson, Principal Solicitor, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 34.

[35]      Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, pp 18–19.

[36]      Ms Claire Doherty, Director, Community Development, NSW Minerals Council, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 2.

[37]      Ms Claire Doherty, Director, Community Development, NSW Minerals Council, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 8.

[38]      Dr Anita Foerster and Professor Jan McDonald, Submission 23, p. 7.

[39]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 33 and see also p. 34.

[40]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 6.

[41]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 2.

[42]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 3.

[43]      See, for example, Mr Jan Arens, President, Gladstone Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 53; Mr Geoffrey Penton, Chief Executive, Queensland Murray‑Darling Committee, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 7; Regional Development Australia Hunter, Submission 11, p. 5; Urban Bushland Council WA, Submission 53, p. 4; Watson Community Association, Submission 54, p. 4; Dr Yung En Chee, Submission 57, p. 11; Conservation Council ACT region, Submission 78, pp 2–3.

[44]      See, for example, Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 6; Watson Community Association, Submission 54, p. 4; Friends of the Earth, Submission 58, p. 6.

[45]      Mr Adam Walters, Research and Investigations Coordinator, Greenpeace, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 22.

[46]      Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 6.

[47]      Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 40; see also Friends of the Earth Australia, Submission 58, pp 6–7.

[48]      Mr Adam Walters, Research and Investigations Coordinator, Greenpeace, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 23; see also p. 27.

[49]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, p. 11.

[50]      Conservation Council ACT region, Submission 78, pp 2–3; see also, for example, Friends of the Earth Australia, Submission 58, pp 6–7.

[51]      Indigenous Advisory Committee, Submission 82, p. 6; see also Indigenous Land Corporation, Submission 19, p. 1; Gomeroi Traditional Custodians, Submission 93, p. 4.

[52]      Gomeroi Traditional Custodians, Submission 93, p. 10.

[53]      Ms Emma Pethybridge, Manager, Environment, Carbon and Heritage, Indigenous Land Corporation, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 35.

[54]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 14.

[55]      See, for example, Dr Martine Maron, Submission 7, p. 2; Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, pp 5–6; Dr Su Wild-River, Submission 38, p. 5; Environmental Decisions Group, Submission 50, p. 3; Business Council of Australia, Submission 81, p. 1; Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 18.

[56]      Environmental Decisions Group, Submission 50, p. 3.

[57]      David Hogg Pty Ltd, Submission 16, pp 5–6.

[58]      Ms Melanie Stutsel, Director, Health, Safety, Environment and Community Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 4.

[59]      Mr Chris McCombe, Assistant Director, Environmental Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 4; Ms Melanie Stutsel, Director, Health, Safety, Environment and Community Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 4.

[60]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 26.

[61]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 6.

[62]      See, for example, Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 31; Queensland Murray‑Darling Committee, Submission 22, p. 5.

[63]      See, for example, Ms Beverley Smiles, Secretary, Central West Environment Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, pp 9 and 12; Ms Anna Christie, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 40; EIANZ, Submission 88, pp 7–8.

[64]      See, for example, Mr Philip Spark, President, Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 50; Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 39.

[65]      See, for example, Mr Philip Spark, President, Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 50.

[66]      Greenpeace, Submission 61, p. 6.

[67]      Birdlife Australia, Submission 77, p. 7.

[68]      Ms Beverley Smiles, Secretary, Central West Environment Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 9.

[69]      Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 39; see also, for example, Ms Beverley Smiles, Secretary, Central West Environment Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 9.

[70]      EIANZ, Submission 88, pp 7–8.

[71]      Ms Melanie Stutsel, Director, Health, Safety, Environment and Community Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 5.

[72]      Mr Chris McCombe, Assistant Director, Environmental Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 5.

[73]      Dr Martine Maron, Submission 7, p. 3; see also Mr Philip Spark, President, Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 56.

[74]      Mr Philip Spark, President, Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 50 and see also pp 56–57.

[75]      See, for example, Mr Des Boyland, Policies and Campaigns Manager and Secretary, Wildlife Queensland, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 14; Regional Development Australia Hunter, Submission 11, p. 4; Birdlife Australia, Submission 77, p. 9.

[76]      Birdlife Australia, Submission 77, p. 9.

[77]      Ms Beverley Smiles, Secretary, Central West Environment Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 9; Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 39.

[78]      See, for example, Mr Philip Spark, President, Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 50; The Australia Institute, Submission 37, p. 9.

[79]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, pp 7–8.

[80]      Association of Mining and Exploration Companies, Submission 40, p. 5; see also, for example, Mr Chris McCombe, Assistant Director, Environmental Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 4; David Hogg Pty Ltd, Submission 16, p. 5.

[81]      See, for example, Dr Martine Maron, Submission 7, p. 3; David Hogg Pty Ltd, Submission 16, pp 5–7; Association of Mining and Exploration Companies, Submission 40, p. 5; Environmental Decisions Group, Submission 50, p. 4.

[82]      Dr Su Wild-River, Submission 38, p. 5.

[83]      Environmental Decisions Group, Submission 50, p. 4; see also Dr Martine Maron, Submission 7, p. 3.

[84]      See further, Department of the Environment, Strategic assessment of Melbourne's urban growth boundary, http://www.environment.gov.au/node/18604 (accessed 30 May 2014).

[85]      VNPA, Submission 9, p. 2.

[86]      NELA, Submission 31¸ p. 6.

[87]      David Hogg Pty Ltd, Submission 16, p. 7.

[88]      Mr Philip Spark, President, Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 51.

[89]      Ms Melanie Stutsel, Director, Health, Safety, Environment and Community Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, pp 1–2.

[90]      Dr Philip Gibbons, Submission 21, p. 3; see also Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 23.

[91]      David Hogg Pty Ltd, Submission 16, p. 7.

[92]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 25.

[93]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 10.

[94]      See, for example, Greenpeace, Submission 61, p. 4.

[95]      Mr Adam Walters, Research and Investigations Coordinator, Greenpeace, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 22.

[96]      Greenpeace, Submission 61, p. 5.

[97]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 25.

[98]      See, for example, Dr Megan Saunders and Dr Justine Bell, Submission 24, p. 1; NELA, Submission 31, pp 10–11; Australian Institute of Marine Science, Submission 43, p. 1; Mr Chris Walker, Submission 47, p. 2; Environmental Decisions Group, Submission 50, p. 4; Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 41.

[99]      Dr Megan Saunders and Dr Justine Bell, Submission 24, p. 1.

[100]    Dr Justine Bell, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 1.

[101]    Environmental Decisions Group, Submission 50, p. 4; see also Dr Megan Saunders and Dr Justine Bell, Submission 24; NELA, Submission 31, pp 10–11.

[102]    NELA, Submission 31, p. 11; see also Mr Chris Walker, Submission 47, p. 2.

[103]    NELA, Submission 31, p. 11.

[104]    Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 8.

[105]    AIMS, Submission 43, p. 2.

[106]    NELA, Submission 31¸ pp 6–7; see also, for example, Ms Beverley Smiles, Secretary, Central West Environment Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, pp 9 and 12.

[107]    Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, pp 40–41; see also Friends of the Earth Australia, Submission 58, p. 7.

[108]    Humane Society International, Submission 28, p. 2; see also Ms Sonya Duus, Submission 67, pp 3–4.

[109]    Dr Yung En Chee, Submission 57, p. 12.

[110]    NELA, Submission 31¸ pp 6–7; see also Interdisciplinary Conservation Science Research Group, Submission 34, p. 3; Response from Ms Alison Martin, Greenloaning Biostudies, to comments made in Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Supplementary Submission 90.1, p. 11.

[111]    Dr Anita Foerster and Professor Jan McDonald, Submission 23, p. 5; see also Nature Conservation Society of South Australia, Submission 89, p. 3.

[112]    Mr Dean Knudson, First Assistant Secretary, Environment, Assessment and Compliance Division, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 26.

[113]    David Hogg Pty Ltd, Submission 16, p. 1; Dr Anita Foerster and Professor Jan McDonald, Submission 23, p. 5; Mr Gary Middle, Submission 27, p. 2; NELA, Submission 31, p. 9; Chamber of Minerals and Energy of Western Australia, Submission 33, pp 3–4; Canberra Ornithologists Group, Submission 36, p. 2; QGC, Submission 74, p. 1; NSW Minerals Council, Submission 76, p. 11; Wentworth Group, Submission 85, p. 2; EIANZ, Submision 88, p. 5.

[114]    Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 18.

[115]    EIANZ, Submission 88, pp 7–8.

[116]    Wentworth Group, Submission 85, p. 2; see also Dr Peter Cosier, Director and Founding Member, Wentworth Group, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, pp 11 and 15; Ms Beverley Smiles, Secretary, Central West Environment Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 9; Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 14.

[117]    Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 5. Although as noted in Chapter 2, offsets can also be considered as part of strategic assessments.

[118]    The Wilderness Society, Submission 84, p. 3.

[119]    David Hogg Pty Ltd, Submission 16, p. 3.

[120]    EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 24.

[121]    Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 8.

[122]    See, for example, Tasmanian Farmers and Graziers Association, Submission 10, p. 5; Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 28 May 2014, p. 29; ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 1; Mr Martin Fallding, Environmental Planner, Lake Macquarie City Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 42; NELA, Submission 31, pp 2–3; Alliance to Save Hinchinbrook, Submission 85, Attachment 2; Wentworth Group, Submission 86, p. 1. Note that a brief summary of some aspects of state and territory offsetting regimes is contained in Chapter 1.

[123]    Mr Martin Fallding, Environmental Planner, Lake Macquarie City Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, pp 42–43.

[124]    Mr Martin Fallding, Environmental Planner, Lake Macquarie City Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 43; see also Lake Macquarie City Council, Submission 17, p. 2.

[125]    NSW Minerals Council, Submission 76, p. 7.

[126]    Conservation Council ACT region, Submission 78, p. 3.

[127]    Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 13; see also Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 25.

[128]    National Farmers' Federation, Submission 15, p. 2.

[129]    Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 7; see also, for example, Chamber of Minerals and Energy Western Australia, Submission 33, p. 6.

[130]    Chamber of Minerals and Energy Western Australia, Submission 33, p. 6.

[131]    NELA, Submission 31, pp 3–4.

[132]    See, for example, Mr Des Boyland, Policies and Campaigns Manager and Secretary, Wildlife Queensland, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 14; Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 39; Wildlife Queensland, Submission 39, p. 2; Blue Mountains Conservation Society, Submission 52, p. 2; ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 1; WWF-Australia, Submission 73, p. 3; BirdLife Australia, Submission 77, p. 12; The Wilderness Society, Submission 84, p. 4; Nature Conservation Society of South Australia, Submission 89, p. 2.

[133]    ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 1; see also BirdLife Australia, Submission 77, p. 12.

[134]    Wentworth Group of Concerned Scientists, Submission 85, p. 2; see also Mr Peter Cosier, Director and Founding Member, Wentworth Group of Concerned Scientists, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 11.

[135]    Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 18.

[136]    Mr Martin Fallding, Environmental Planner, Lake Macquarie City Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 45.

[137]    Mr Martin Fallding, Environmental Planner, Lake Macquarie City Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, pp 43 and 45.

[138]    Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 28 May 2014, p. 29.

[139]    See, for example, Mr Des Boyland, Policies and Campaigns Manager and Secretary, Wildlife Queensland, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 14; Wildlife Queensland, Submission 39, p. 3; Friends of the Earth Australia, Submission 58, p. 6; ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 1; BirdLife Australia, Submission 77, p. 12.

[140]    ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 7 and see further pp 7–13; see also BirdLife Australia, Submission 77, p. 12.

[141]    Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 28 May 2014, p. 29.

[142]    Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 15 and see also p. 16.

[143]    Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 6.

[144]    ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 2; Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 28 May 2014, p. 29; see also, for example, Birdlife Australia, Submission 77, p. 2.

[145]    WWF-Australia, Submission 73, p. 2.

[146]    Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, pp 28–29.

Chapter 5 - Monitoring and evaluation of environmental offsets

[1]        EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 6; see also p. 24.

[2]        See, for example, Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 1; Ms Beverley Smiles, Secretary, Central West Environment Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 12; Mr Philip Spark, President, Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p.  51; Queensland Seafood Industry Association, Submission 48, p. 2; Conservation Council ACT Region, Submission 78, p. 3; Friends of the Earth Australia, Submission 58, p. 8; The Wilderness Society Inc., Submission 84, p. 4.

[3]        Friends of Grasslands, Submission 13, pp 2–3.

[4]        Ms Beverley Smiles, Secretary, Central West Environment Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 12.

[5]        See, for example, Greenpeace, Submission 61, p. 11; Mrs Patricia Julien, Research Analyst, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 31; see also Mr Des Boyland, Policies and Campaigns Manager and Secretary, Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 19; Nature Conservation Society of South Australia, Submission 89, pp 1, 4.

[6]        Environmental Decisions Group, Submission 50, p. 2.

[7]        Dr Anita Foerster and Professor Jan McDonald, Submission 23, p. 6; see also Friends of the Earth Australia, Submission 58, p. 10.

[8]        Friends of Grasslands, Submission 13, p. 3.

[9]        See, for example, Friends of the Earth Australia, Submission 58, pp 7–8; Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 19; NELA, Submission 31, p. 10; Dr Su Wild-River, Submission 38, p. 6; Dr Yung En Chee, Submission 57, p. 11.

[10]      EPBC Offsets Policy, p. 24.

[11]      Friends of the Earth Australia, Submission 58, pp 7–8.

[12]      NELA, Submission 31, p. 10.

[13]      Dr Su Wild-River, Submission 38, p. 6.

[14]      Ms Emma Pethybridge, Manager, Environment, Carbon and Heritage, Indigenous Land Corporation, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 34.

[15]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 10.

[16]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 10.

[17]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 28.

[18]      Department of the Environment, Compliance auditing, http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/about-us/legislation/environment-protection-and-biodiversity-conservation-act-1999/complian-2 (accessed 5 June 2014).

[19]      Department of the Environment, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 6 May 2014,p. 8 [Q. 5]; see also Mr Dean Knudson, First Assistant Secretary, Environment, Assessment and Compliance Division, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 28.

[20]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 28.

[21]      See further Department of the Environment, Gladstone Bund Wall Review, Recommendation 14, pp 35– 40, http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/marine/gbr/gladstone-bund-wall-review (accessed 4 June 2014).

[22]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Estimates Hansard, 27 May 2014, pp 42–43.

[23]      Senate Environment and Communications References Committee, Effectiveness of threatened species and ecological communities' protection in Australia, August 2013, p. 155.

[24]      ANAO, Managing Compliance with EPBC Act 1999 Conditions of Approval, http://www.anao.gov.au/Publications/Audit-Reports/2013-2014/Managing-Compliance-with-EPBC-Act-1999-Conditions-of-Approval (accessed 19 June 2014).

[25]      Dr Denis Saunders AM, Director and Founding Member, Wentworth Group, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 16.

[26]      See, for example, Ms Megan Evans, Submission 26, p. 1; Association of Mining and Exploration Companies, Submission 40, p. 6; Friends of the Earth Australia, Submission 58, p. 8; BirdLife Australia, Submission 77, p. 12; Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 40; Dr Yung En Chee, Submission 57, p. 1; The Wilderness Society Inc., Submission 84, p. 4; Gomeroi Traditional Custodians, Submission 93, p. 10.

[27]      ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 6.

[28]      Dr Yung En Chee, Submission 57, p. 12.

[29]      Mr Des Boyland, Policies and Campaigns Manager and Secretary, Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 14.

[30]      Ms Beverley Smiles, Secretary, Central West Environment Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 12; see also, for example, Watson Community Association, Submission 54, p. 4.

[31]      Conservation Council ACT region, Submission 78, p. 1.

[32]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, pp 11–12.

[33]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 11.

[34]      Friends of the Earth Australia, Submission 58, p. 10; see also, Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 46.

[35]      Friends of Grasslands, Submission 13, pp 2–3.

[36]      Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 19 and see also p. 24.

[37]      Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 23.

[38]      Department of the Environment, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 6 May 2014, p. 9 [Q. 6].

[39]      Ms Melanie Stutsel, Director, Health, Safety, Environment and Community Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 1; Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 19.

[40]      ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 6.

[41]      EIANZ, Submission 88, p. 8.

[42]      NELA, Submission 31, p. 10.

[43]      Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 19 and see also p. 24.

[44]      See, for example, Friends of Grasslands, Submission 13, p. 3; The Wilderness Society Inc., Submission 84¸ pp 12–13; Association of Mining and Exploration Companies, Submission 40, p. 6.

[45]      See, for example, The Wilderness Society Inc., Submission 84¸ p. 12; NELA, Submission 31, p. 4; ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 2.

[46]      Senate Environment and Communications References Committee, Effectiveness of threatened species and ecological communities' protection in Australia, August 2013, p. 207; see also, for example, Ms Megan Evans, Submission 26, p. 2.

[47]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 25.

[48]      Mr Dean Knudson, First Assistant Secretary, Environment, Assessment and Compliance Division, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 32.

[49]      Department of the Environment, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 6 May 2014, p. 10 [Q. 6]; see also EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 4; BirdLife Australia, Submission 77, p. 11; Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 14; Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 8.

[50]      Department of the Environment, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 6 May 2014, p. 10 [Q. 6]; see also Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 14.

[51]      Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock The Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 1; see also, for example, Mrs Patricia Julien, Research Analyst, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 32; Ms Beverley Smiles, Secretary, Central West Environment Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 9; Mr Adam Walters, Research and Investigations Coordinator, Greenpeace, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 28; Ms Sue Higginson, Principal Solicitor, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 35.

[52]      WWF Australia, Submission 73, p. 2; BirdLife Australia, Submission 77, p. 11.

[53]      Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 19.

[54]      See, for example, Ms Megan Evans, Submission 26, p. 3; Dr Philip Gibbons, Submission 21, p. 4; Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 23; Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock The Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 7; Queensland Murray-Darling Committee, Submission 18, p. 24; Chamber of Minerals and Energy Western Australia, Submission 33, p. 6; Interdisciplinary Conservation Science Research Group, Submission 34, pp 2–3; Canberra Ornithologists Group, Submission 36, p. 4; Environmental Decisions Group, Submission 50, p. 2; Urban Bushland Council WA Inc., Submission 53, p. 4; Friends of the Earth Australia, Submission 58, p. 8; WWF Australia, Submission 73, p. 2; NSW Minerals Council, Submission 76, p. 9; BirdLife Australia, Submission 77, p. 13; Wentworth Group, Submission 85, p. 4.

[55]      Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock The Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 7.

[56]      Wentworth Group, Submission 85, p. 4.

[57]      Interdisciplinary Conservation Science Research Group, Submission 34, p. 3.

[58]      For example, Interdisciplinary Conservation Science Research Group, Submission 34, pp 2–3; Mr Adam Walters, Research and Investigations Coordinator, Greenpeace, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 28; Urban Bushland Council WA Inc., Submission 53, p. 4.

[59]      Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, pp 19 and 23.

[60]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 24.

[61]      BirdLife Australia, Submission 77, p. 12; Mr Adam Walters, Research and Investigations Coordinator, Greenpeace, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 27; Ms Megan Evans, Submission 26, p. 2.

[62]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 14.

[63]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 30.

[64]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 30.

[65]      Dr Anita Foerster and Professor Jan McDonald, Submission 23, p. 5; ANEDO, Submission 60¸ p. 60; Humane Society International, Submission 28, p. 2; Trust for Nature, Submission 45, p. 1; Nature Conservation Society of South Australia, Submission 89, p. 2; BirdLife Australia, Submission 77, p. 6; Mr Martin Fallding, Biodiversity offsets: Practice and promise, Australian Environment and Planning Law Journal (2014) vol. 31, p. 12 (tabled at public hearing 5 May 2014).

[66]      See, for example, ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 4; Urban Bushland Council WA Inc., Submission 53, pp 3–4; Birdlife Australia, Submission 77, p. 6; Australian Koala Foundation, Submission 4, p. 3; Birdlife Southern New South Wales, Submission 5, p. 7; North Queensland Conservation Council, Submission 18, p. 3; Dr Yung En Chee, Submission 57, p. 10.

[67]      ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 4; see also Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 20.

[68]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 18.

[69]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, Box 3, p. 19

[70]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 6.

[71]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, pp 18–19.

[72]      Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 20.

[73]      Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 18.

[74]      Ms Claire Doherty, Director, Community Development, NSW Minerals Council, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 2.

[75]      Ms Claire Doherty, Director, Community Development, NSW Minerals Council, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 2.

[76]      See also Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 18; Trust for Nature, Submission 45, p. 1; Mr Martin Fallding, Environmental Planner, Lake Macquarie City Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 46; Mr Philip Spark, President, Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 51.

[77]      See, for example, Lake Macquarie City Council, Submission 17, p. 2; Mr Martin Fallding, Environmental Planner, Lake Macquarie City Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 46; Ms Megan Evans, Submission 26, p. 6.

[78]      See, for example, Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 12; Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, pp 1, 4–5; Lake Macquarie City Council, Submission 17, p. 2; Mr Philip Spark, President, Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 51.

[79]      Ms Sue Higginson, Principal Solicitor, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 35.

[80]      North Queensland Conservation Council, Submission 18, p. 3.

[81]      Dr Yung En Chee, Submission 57, p. 11.

[82]      See, for example, Ms Paola Cassoni, Co-owner, Bimblebox Nature Refuge, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 22; Interdisciplinary Conservation Science Research Group, Submission 34, p. 4; Dr Yung En Chee, Submission 57, p. 11; Mr Peter Boulot and Mr Ross Parisi, Submission 62, p. 2.

[83]      See, for example, Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 9; Mr Martin Fallding, Environmental Planner, Lake Macquarie City Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 44.

[84]      Note that this project was approved under both the EPBC Act and also the NSW Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979. See further EPBC Act Referral No. 2002/629, http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=current_referral_detail&proposal_id=629 (accessed 13 June 2014). See also Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, pp 9–10; Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, pp 5 and 7; Ms Sue Higginson, Principal Solicitor, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 35; Dr Yung En Chee, Submission 57, p. 10; ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 6; Greenpeace, Submission 61, p 5–6; BirdLife Australia, Submission 77, p. 12; see also Department of the Environment, EPBC Referral Detail Ref 2002/629 and 2009/5081.http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=current_referral_detail&proposal_id=5389 and http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=current_referral_detail&proposal_id=1369 (accessed 4 June 2014).

[85]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 19; see also, for example, Greenpeace, Submission 61, p. 5.

[86]      Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 7.

[87]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 6.

[88]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 31.

[89]      See, for example, Mr Philip Spark, President, Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 51; Mr Des Boyland, Policies and Campaigns Manager and Secretary, Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 14; Ms Paola Cassoni, Co-owner, Bimblebox Nature Refuge, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 24; Ms Megan Evans, Submission 26, p. 6.

[90]      Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, pp 4–5; see also Ms Sue Higginson, Principal Solicitor, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 35.

[91]      EIANZ, Submission 88, p. 12.

[92]      Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 7.

[93]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 6.

[94]      EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 19.

[95]      Dr Anita Foerster and Professor Jan McDonald, Submission 23, p. 6; see also, for example, Wentworth Group, Submission 85, p. 4; Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock The Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 8.

[96]      Mr Martin Fallding, Environmental Planner, Lake Macquarie City Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, pp 46,48; see also, for example, Ms Claire Doherty, Director, Community Development, NSW Minerals Council, Committee Hansard. 6 May 2014, p. 3.

[97]      See, for example, Mr Martin Fallding, Environmental Planner, Lake Macquarie City Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, pp 46, 48; Wentworth Group, Submission 85, p. 4; Greenpeace, Submission 61, p. 1; see also, for example, Ms Claire Doherty, Director, Community Development, NSW Minerals Council, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 3.

[98]      See also Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 6.

[99]      Dr Philip Gibbons, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, pp 19, 24.

[100]    Mr Chris McCombe, Assistant Director, Environmental Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 4; see also, for example, Trust for Nature, Submission 45, p. 4.

[101]    See, for example, NSW Minerals Council, Submission 76, pp 9–10; Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 28 May 2014, pp 31–32; Mr Martin Fallding, Environmental Planner, Lake Macquarie City Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 43.

[102]    Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 28 May 2014, p. 31.

[103]    Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 28 May 2014, pp 32–33.

[104]    See, for example, Mr Brendan Sydes, CEO, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 18; Ms Sue Higginson, Principal Solicitor, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 35.

[105]    Mr Martin Fallding, Environmental Planner, Lake Macquarie City Council, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 46.

[106]    Ms Claire Doherty, Director, Community Development, NSW Minerals Council, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 2.

[107]    Hawke review, recommendation 7, p. 122; see also Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, NSW, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 28 May 2014, p. 32.

[108]    Australian Government, Australian Government Response to the Report of the Independent Review of the EPBC Act, August 2011, p. 21.

[109]    See, for example, Friends of Grasslands, Submission 13, p. 3; Mr Peter Cosier, Director and Founding Member, Wentworth Group, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 16; Friends of Grasslands, Submission 13, p. 3; Queensland Seafood Industry Association, Submission 48, p. 2.

[110]    Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 20.

[111]    Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 26; see also Department of the Environment, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 6 May 2014, pp 5–6 [Q. 3].

[112]    Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 11.

[113]    Dr Kimberley Dripps, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, pp 28–29; see also Department of the Environment, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 6 May 2014, pp 5–6 [Q. 3].

[114]    Department of the Environment, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 6 May 2014, pp 5–6 [Q. 3].

[115]    Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 1; Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock The Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 1.

[116]    Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 7; EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 12.

[117]    Ms Melanie Stutsel, Director, Health, Safety, Environment and Community Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 9.

[118]    Department of the Environment, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 6 May 2014, p. 15 [Q. 8].

[119]    Department of the Environment, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 6 May 2014, p. 7 [Q. 4].

[120]    See, for example, Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 15.

[121]    Mr Adam Walters, Research and Investigations Coordinator, Greenpeace, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 26; see also Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 15.

[122]    See, for example, Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 15; Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock The Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 8; Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth Australia, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 47.

[123]    Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 15.

[124]    Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock The Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 8.

[125]    Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977; see also s. 487 of the EPBC Act.

[126]    See further Hawke review, pp 316–317.

[127]    Mr Brendan Sydes, Chief Executive Officer, Environmental Justice Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 16; see also EDO (Vic), Submission 72, p. 6 and Attachment 2.

[128]    Hawke review, recommendation 71 and see pp 401–410.

[129]    Australian Government, Response to the report of the independent review of the EPBC Act, 2011, p. 114.

Chapter 6 - Conclusions and recommendations

[1]        Although note that the EPBC Act Offsets Policy does not apply to water resources in relation to coal seam gas and large coal mine developments, which was added as a new matter of national environmental significance after the release of the policy: Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 3.

[2]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, p. 1.

[3]        EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 7.

[4]        EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 6.

[5]        EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 6.

[6]        EPBC Offsets Policy, p. 8.

[7]        See further Department of the Environment, Gladstone Bund Wall Review, Recommendation 14, pp 35– 40,  http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/marine/gbr/gladstone-bund-wall-review (accessed 4 June 2014).

[8]        EPBC Act Offsets Policy, p. 19.

Australian Greens Minority Report

[1]        A summary of the report is available here <http://www.anao.gov.au/Publications/Audit-Reports/2013-2014/Managing-Compliance-with-EPBC-Act-1999-Conditions-of-Approval/Audit-summary>

Appendix 3

[1]        The following overview of the project is based on information provided by the Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, pp 1–4 and also EPBC Referral 2010/5566, http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi‑bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=current_referral_detail&proposal_id=5566 (accessed 18 June 2014).

[2]        Note that Aston Resources Limited merged with Whitehaven Coal on 2 May 2012: see Whitehaven Coal, 'Whitehaven Confirms Implementation of Merger', ASX Release, 2 May 2012, http://www.whitehavencoal.com.au/investors/documents_astonasx/2012%20ASX%20ANNOUNCE_PDF/MAY2012/WHC‑%20Whitehaven%20Confirms%20Implementation%20of%20Merger.pdf (accessed 18 June 2014).

[3]        The Boggabri Coal Project is a separate project: see EPBC 2009/5256 http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi‑bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=current_referral_detail&proposal_id=5256 (accessed 18 June 2014).

[4]        See further http://www.environment.gov.au/epbc/notices/assessments/2010/5566/2010-5566-approval-decision.pdf (accessed 18 June 2014).

[5]        See further Northern Inland Council for the Environment Inc v Minister for the Environment [2013] FCA 1419, 20 December 2013, http://www.judgments.fedcourt.gov.au/judgments/Judgments/fca/single/2013/2013fca1419   (accessed 4 June 2014).

[6]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, p. 4.

[7]        Mr Dean Knudson, First Assistant Secretary, Environment, Assessment and Compliance Division, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 29.

[8]        Whitehaven Coal, Submission 83, p. 6; see also Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, p. 4 and Whitehaven Coal, Maules Creek Environmental Management, http://www.whitehavencoal.com.au/environment/maules_creek_environmental_management.cfm (accessed 18 June 2014).

[9]        Mr Dean Knudson, First Assistant Secretary, Environment, Assessment and Compliance Division, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 29.

[10]      Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, p. 4.

[11]      Whitehaven Coal, Submission 83, p. 4.

[12]      Whitehaven Coal, Submission 83, p. 3.

[13]      Whitehaven Coal, Submission 83, pp 5–8.

[14]      Whitehaven Coal, Submission 83, p. 8.

[15]      Mr Philip Spark, President, Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 50.

[16]      Australian Orchid Council, Submission 2, pp 2–3; Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 2; The Wilderness Society, Submission 84, pp 7–8; National Parks Association of NSW Armidale Branch, Submission 51, p. 3; Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Submission 90, p. 12.

[17]      Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 11; Interdisciplinary Conservation Science Research Group, Submission 34, p. 3; Mr Philip Spark, President, Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, pp 50–51.

[18]      Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 23; Lock the Gate, Submission 20, p. 10; The Wilderness Society, Submission 84, p. 11.

[19]      ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 15; Greenpeace, Submission 61, p. 7.

[20]      Ms Anna Christie, Submission 55, pp 1–2; Greenpeace, Submission 61, p. 7; The Wilderness Society, Submission 84, p. 8; Northern Inland Council for the Environment, Submission 90, pp 14–15;

[21]      Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 3; see also Ms Sue Higginson, Principal Solicitor, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 34; Australian Orchid Council, Submission 2, p. 2.

[22]      Greenpeace, Submission 61, p. 7.

[23]      Gomeroi Traditional Custodians, Submission 93 and Committee Hansard, 18 June 2014; Greenpeace, Submission 61, p. 7.

[24]      Australian Orchid Council, Submission 2, p. 2.

[25]      Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, pp 2 and 11–12; The Wilderness Society, Submission 84, p. 6. However, as noted earlier, Whitehaven  Coal  disputed claims about the biodiversity values of the Leard State Forest: Whitehaven Coal, Submission 83, p. 3.

[26]      NELA, Submission 31, p. 5; ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 15; BirdLife Australia, Submission 77, p. 10; The Wilderness Society, Submission 84, p. 9.

[27]      See, for example, Greenpeace, Submission 61, p. 7.

[28]      Northern Inland Council for the Environment Inc v Minister for the Environment [2013] FCA 1419, 20 December 2013, para 40.

[29]      Ms Georgina Woods, Policy Coordinator, Lock the Gate, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 3; Lock the Gate, Submission 20, p. 12; The Wilderness Society, Submission 84, p. 9 and see also p. 12; see also, for example, Ms Sue Higginson, Principal Solicitor, ANEDO, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 34.

Appendix 4 - Waratah Coal's Galilee Coal Project

[1]        The following overview of the project is based on information provided by the Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, pp 5–8 and also EPBC Referral 2009/4737, http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi‑bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=current_referral_detail&proposal_id=4737 (accessed 18 June 2014).

[2]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, p. 5.

[3]        See further http://www.environment.gov.au/epbc/notices/assessments/2009/4737/2009-4737-approval-decision.pdf

[4]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, p 7.

[5]        See, for example, Ms Paola Cassoni, Co-owner, Bimblebox Nature Refuge, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 22; Interdisciplinary Conservation Science Research Group, Submission 34, p. 4; Dr Yung En Chee, Submission 57, p. 11; Mr Peter Boulot and Mr Ross Parisi, Submission 62, p. 2; Bimblebox Nature Refuge, Submission 87, p. 5.

[6]        Interdisciplinary Conservation Science Research Group, Submission 34, p. 4.

[7]        Interdisciplinary Conservation Science Research Group, Submission 34, p. 4; Dr Yung En Chee, Submission 57, p. 11; Mackay Conservation Group, Submission 75, p. 3.

[8]        Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland–Sunshine Coast & Hinterland, Submission 42, p. 2.

[9]        Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 14.

[10]      Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 14; ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 19.

[11]      Mackay Conservation Group, Submission 75, p. 4.

Appendix 5 - QGC's Queensland Curtis LNG project

[1]        The following overview of the project is based on information provided by the Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, pp 9–12.

[2]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, p. 11.

[3]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, p. 11.

[4]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, p. 12.

[5]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, p. 12.

[6]        Lock the Gate Alliance, Submission 20, p. 5.

[7]        Lock the Gate, Submission 20, p. 5.

[8]        QGC, Submission 74, p. 2.

[9]        Lock the Gate, Submission 20, pp 6–7.

[10]      Lock the Gate, Submission 20, pp 6–7; see also ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 17.

[11]      Lock the Gate, Submission 20, p. 6; see also ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 17.

[12]      Gladstone Conservation Council Inc, Submission 59, p. 3.

[13]      Mr Jan Arens, President, Gladstone Conservation Council Inc, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 7.

[14]      Gladstone Conservation Council Inc, Submission 59, p. 3.

Appendix 6

[1]        The following overview of the project is based on the information provided by the Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, pp 13–14. See also EPBC Referral 2011/6213 http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=referral_detail&proposal_id=6213 (accessed 6 June 2014).

[2]        http://www.environment.gov.au/epbc/notices/assessments/2011/6213/2011-6213-approval-decision.pdf (accessed 6 June 2014).

[3]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, p. 14.

[4]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, p. 14.

[5]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, p. 14.

[6]        See further Environmental Defender's Office (Queensland), Abbot Point Dredging Case Summary —Federal Court Judicial Review, http://www.edo.org.au/edoqld/news/mcg-v-minister-for-the-environment-and-nqbp-dredging-case/ (accessed 17 June 2014).

[7]        See, for example, North Queensland Conservation Council, Submission 18, pp 5–6; Mackay Conservation Group, Submission 75, p. 10; WWF-Australia, Submission 73, p. 4; ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 21.

[8]        Mackay Conservation Group, Submission 75, p. 11; see also North Queensland Conservation Council, Submission 18, pp 5–6; Mrs Patricia Julien, Research Analyst, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 26; Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 44

[9]        See, for example, Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 44; Mrs Patricia Julien, Research Analyst, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 26; WWF-Australia, Submission 73, p. 5; see also ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 21.

[10]      Mrs Patricia Julien, Research Analyst, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 30.

[11]      Mr Adam Walters, Greenpeace Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 24; Mrs Patricia Julien, Research Analyst, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, pp 30–31; Mackay Conservation Group, Submission 75, p. 11; Greenpeace, Submission 61, pp 7–8; Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, pp 43–44.

[12]      Mrs Patricia Julien, Research Analyst, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, pp 29–30.

[13]      ANEDO, Submission 60, pp 20–21.

[14]      Dr Su Wild-River, Submission 38, p. 7; ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 21.

[15]      ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 21; NELA, Submission 31, p. 11.

[16]      Mr Adam Walters, Greenpeace Australia, Committee Hansard, 5 May 2014, p. 23; see also Greenpeace, Submission 61, pp 7–8; Mackay Conservation Group, Submission 75, p. 11.

[17]      Indigenous Advisory Committee, Submission 82, p. 2.

[18]      Dr Justine Bell, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 4; Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p.41; Dr Megan Saunders and Dr Justine Bell, Submission 24, p. 2; Greenpeace, Submission 61, p. 5. Note that issues with offsetting in the marine environment are discussed further in Chapter 4.

[19]      Mr Jeremy Tager, Nanotechnology Campaigner, Friends of the Earth, Committee Hansard, 7 May 2014, p. 40; NELA, Submission 31, p. 11.

[20]      ANEDO, Submission 60, p. 20.

Appendix 7 - Jandakot Airport development

[1]        The following overview of the project is based on the information provided by the Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, pp 15–16. See also EPBC Referral 2009/4796 http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=current_referral_detail&proposal_id=4796

[2]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, p. 15.

[3]        http://www.environment.gov.au/epbc/notices/assessments/2009/4796/approval-notice.pdf

[4]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, p. 16.

[5]        Department of the Environment, Submission 79, Attachment A, p. 16.

[6]        Professor Richard Hobbs and Dr Leonie Valentine, Submission 25, p. 1.

[7]        Professor Richard Hobbs and Dr Leonie Valentine, Submission 25, p. 1; Urban Bushland Council of WA, Submission 53, p. 1; Dr Denis Saunders AM, Director and Founding Member, Wentworth Group of Concerned Scientists, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 17

[8]        Professor Richard Hobbs and Dr Leonie Valentine, Submission 25, pp 1–2; Dr Denis Saunders AM, Director and Founding Member, Wentworth Group of Concerned Scientists, Committee Hansard, 6 May 2014, p. 17.

[9]        Urban Bushland Council of WA, Submission 53, p. 1; Wildflower Society of Western Australia, Submission 64, p. 2.

[10]      Friends of Ken Hurst Park, Submission 65, p. 5; Australasian Bat Society Inc, Submission 69, pp 4–5.

[11]      Wildflower Society of Western Australia, Submission 64, pp 4–5; Friends of Ken Hurst Park, Submission 65, pp 4–5.

[12]      Wildflower Society of Western Australia, Submission 64, p. 3.

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