Footnotes

Footnotes

Chapter 1 - Introduction

[1]        See the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

[2]        Radiocommunications Act 1992, s. 3. 

[3]        Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA), About the ACMA's role, available: www.acma.gov.au/WEB/STANDARD/pc=ACMA_ROLE_OVIEW (accessed 19 October 2011).

[4]        ACMA, About communications and media regulation, available: www.acma.gov.au/WEB/STANDARD/pc=PUB_REG_ABOUT (accessed 19 October 2011).

[5]        Emergency Management Australia (Attorney-General's Department), Implementation of National Interoperability Framework Briefings, available: www.ag.gov.au/www/emaweb/emaweb.nsf/Page/FundingandGrants_NationalEmergencyManagementProjects_NEMP2010-2011_ImplementationofNationalIntroperabilityFrameworkbriefings (accessed 6 October 2011). 

[6]        Emergency Management Australia (Attorney-General's Department), Implementation of National Interoperability Framework Briefings, p. 1. 

[7]        Emergency Management Australia (Attorney-General's Department), Implementation of National Interoperability Framework Briefings, p. 1.

[8]        Council of Australian Governments (COAG), National Framework to Improve Government Radiocommunications Interoperability: Towards a harmonised radiocommunications environment for public protection and disaster relief 2010–2020, available: www.ag.gov.au/www/emaweb/rwpattach.nsf/VAP/(3A6790B96C927794AF1031D9395C5C20)~Nationa+Framework+to+Improve+Government+Radiocommunications.pdf/$file/Nationa+Framework+to+Improve+Government+Radiocommunications.pdf (accessed 6 October 2011), pp 1 and 2. 

[9]        ACMA, 900 MHz Review Project Plan, available: www.acma.gov.au/webwr/_assets/main/lib312085/900%20mhz%20review%20project%20plan.pdf (accessed 3 October 2011), p. 3 and ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, available: www.acma.gov.au/webwr/_assets/main/lib312085/900mhz_review-exploring_new_opportunities.pdf (accessed 5 October 2011), p. 7. 

[10]      There is a 3 MHz guard band between 803–806 MHz.

[11]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy (DBCDE), Digital dividend, available: www.dbcde.gov.au/consultation_and_submissions/digital_dividend (accessed 27 September 2011). 

[12]      DBCDE, Digital dividend, available: www.dbcde.gov.au/consultation_and_submissions/digital_dividend (accessed 27 September 2011). 

[13]      DBCDE, Digital dividend, available: www.dbcde.gov.au/consultation_and_submissions/digital_dividend (accessed 27 September 2011).  

[14]      Senator the Hon Stephen Conroy, Minister for Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, media release, 24 June 2010. 

[15]      DBCDE, Digital dividend, available: www.dbcde.gov.au/consultation_and_submissions/digital_dividend (accessed 27 September 2011). 

[16]      ACMA, Consultation on the configuration and allocation of digital dividend spectrum, available: www.acma.gov.au/WEB/STANDARD/pc=PC_312285 (accessed 27 September 2011).  

[17]      ACMA, Draft spectrum reallocation recommendations for the 700 MHz digital dividend and 2.5 GHz bands: information paper, May 2011, p. 1. 

[18]      ACMA, Draft spectrum reallocation recommendations for the 700 MHz digital dividend and 2.5 GHz bands: information paper, May 2011, p. 4.

[19]      ACMA, Draft spectrum reallocation recommendations for the 700 MHz digital dividend and 2.5 GHz bands: information paper, May 2011, p. 6. 

[20]      ACMA, 'ACMA moves ahead with auction of spectrum in the 700 MHz (digital dividend) and 2.5 GHz bands', Media release 50/2011, 27 May 2011.   

[21]      ACMA, Radiofrequency spectrum auctions list, available: www.acma.gov.au/WEB/STANDARD/pc=PC_364 (accessed 6 October 2011). 

[22]      ACMA, 900 MHz Review Project Plan, available: www.acma.gov.au/webwr/_assets/main/lib312085/900%20mhz%20review%20project%20plan.pdf (accessed 3 October 2011), p. 3 and ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, available: www.acma.gov.au/webwr/_assets/main/lib312085/900mhz_review-exploring_new_opportunities.pdf (accessed 5 October 2011), p. 7. 

[23]      The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) defines Region 3 as Asia and Australasia.

[24]      ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, pp 5–6. 

[25]      ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, p. 34. 

'Public protection and disaster relief (PPDR) radiocommunication systems are those used by agencies and organisations dealing with maintenance of law and order, protection of life and property, and emergency situations on a day-to-day basis. Additionally, these systems are used by agencies and organisations dealing with serious disruptions to the functioning of society, which pose a significant, widespread threat to human life, health, property, or the environment' (see ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, p. 33. 

[26]      ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, pp 33–34. 

[27]      Attorney-General's Department, Public Safety Mobile Broadband Steering Committee: Terms of Reference, available: www.ag.gov.au/www/agd/agd.nsf/Page/National_security (accessed 19 October 2011), p. 1. 

[28]      Attorney-General's Department, Public Safety Mobile Broadband Steering Committee: Terms of Reference, p. 2.

[29]      Attorney-General's Department, Public Safety Mobile Broadband Steering Committee: Terms of Reference, p. 3.

Chapter 2 - Availability of spectrum for public protection and disaster relief radiocommunications

[1]        Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA), Spectrum Proposals: 403–520 MHz Proposals for future arrangements in the 400 MHz band, March 2009, available: www.acma.gov.au/webwr/_assets/main/lib310832/ifc08-2009_spectrum_proposals_403-520_mhz.pdf (accessed 6 September 2011), p. 88. 

[2]        Motorola Solutions, Supplementary Submission 10, pp 6–7. 

[3]        Mr Andrew Scipione, Board Member, Australia New Zealand Policing Advisory Agency (ANZPAA), Proof Committee Hansard, 9 August 2011, p. 6; and Deputy Commissioner Michael Phelan, Close Operations Support, Australian Federal Police (AFP), Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 3. 

[4]        Deputy Commissioner Michael Phelan, Close Operations Support, AFP, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 2. 

[5]        Dr Andrew Kerans, Executive Manager, Spectrum Infrastructure Branch, ACMA, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 August 2011, pp 34–35. 

[6]        ACMA, 'ACMA moves ahead with auction of spectrum in the 700 MHz (digital dividend) and 2.5 GHz bands', Media release 50/2011, 27 May 2011. 

[7]        ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, available: www.acma.gov.au/webwr/_assets/main/lib312085/900mhz_review-exploring_new_opportunities.pdf (accessed 5 October 2011), p. 50. 

[8]        ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, p. 34. 

[9]        DBCDE, Fact sheet 4: Public safety mobile broadband capability 800 MHz band spectrum—international frameworks and trends, available: www.dbcde.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0018/139122/Fact_sheet_4-800_MHz_band_spectrum-international_frameworks-and_trends.pdf (accessed 19 October 2011), p. 1. 

[10]      US Federal Communications Commission (FCC), Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau: Interoperability, available: http://transition.fcc.gov/pshs/emergency-information/interoperability.html (accessed 19 October 2011). 

[11]      FCC, 700 MHz Second Report and Order, July 2007, available: http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-07-132A1.pdf (accessed 19 October 2011), p. 128. 

[12]      FCC, Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau: Public Safety/Private Partnership, available: http://transition.fcc.gov/pshs/public-safety-spectrum/700-MHz/partnership.html (accessed 19 October 2011).

[13]      FCC, Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau: Public Safety/Private Partnership, available: http://transition.fcc.gov/pshs/public-safety-spectrum/700-MHz/partnership.html (accessed 19 October 2011).

[14]      DBCDE and ACMA, Personal communication, 31 October 2011. 

[15]      ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, p. 27. 

[16]      ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, p. 28. 

[17]      ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, p. 24. 

[18]      ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, p. 24. 

[19]      ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, p. 25. 

[20]      ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, p. 25. 

[21]      ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, p. 25. 

[22]      ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, p. 25. 

[23]      ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, p. 25. 

[24]      ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, p. 25. 

[25]      ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, p. 25. 

[26]      ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, p. 25. 

[27]      The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) defines Region 3 as Asia and Australasia.

[28]      ACMA, The 900 MHz band—Exploring new opportunities: Initial consultation on future arrangements for the 900 MHz band, May 2011, p. 34. 

[29]      For example Tasmania Fire Service, Submission 23, p. 4; Fire and Emergency Services Agency of Western Australia (FESA), Submission 18, p. 4; and NSW Government, Submission 41, pp 17–18.

[30]      Deputy Commissioner Michael Phelan, Close Operations Support, AFP, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 3. 

[31]      Mr Tony Gates, Director, Operations, Telco Authority, NSW Government, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 25. 

[32]      FESA, Submission 18, p. 4 and Police Federation of Australia (PFA), Submission 11, pp7–8. 

[33]      See Deputy Commissioner Michael Phelan, Close Operations Support, AFP, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 5 and Mr Tony Gates, Director, Operations, Telco Authority, NSW Government, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, pp 30–31. 

[34]      Telstra, Submission 31, p. 22. 

[35]      Telstra, Submission 31, pp 23–24. 

[36]      Mr Chris Althaus, Australian Mobile Telecommunications Association (AMTA), Proof Committee Hansard, 9 August 2011, pp 5–6. 

[37]      Mr Chris Althaus, AMTA, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 August 2011, pp 5–6. 

[38]      Mr Chris Althaus, AMTA, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 August 2011, p. 6. 

[39]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy (DBCDE), Answer to question on notice, 9 August 2011 (received 2 September 2011). 

[40]      Mr Andrew Maurer, Assistant Secretary, Spectrum and Wireless Services, DBCDE, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 August 2011, p. 43. 

[41]      Ms Dianne Gayler, Senior Policy Officer, PFA, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 11. 

[42]      PFA, Submission 11, pp 7–8.  

[43]      Mr Andrew Scipione, Board Member, ANZPAA, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 August 2011, pp 5–6.

[44]      Deputy Commissioner Michael Phelan, Close Operations Support, AFP, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 5. 

[45]      Mr Tony Gates, Director, Operations, Telco Authority, NSW Government, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, pp 30–31. 

[46]      Ms Maureen Cahill, General Manager, Communications Infrastructure Division, ACMA, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 August 2011, p. 36.

[47]      Attorney-General's Department, Public Safety Mobile Broadband Steering Committee: Terms of Reference, available: www.ag.gov.au/www/agd/agd.nsf/Page/National_security (accessed 19 October 2011), p. 1. 

[48]      ACMA, Allocation of the 700 MHz (digital dividend) and 2.5 GHz bands, available: www.acma.gov.au/WEB/STANDARD/pc=PC_312315 (accessed 24 October 2011). 

[49]      Mr Mark Burgess, Chief Executive Officer, Police Federation of Australia (PFA), Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 8; Mr Andrew Scipione, Board Member, ANZPAA, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 August 2011, p. 7. 

[50]      Motorola Solutions, Supplementary Submission 10, p. 8.

[51]      Mr Peter Barrie, Advisor, ANZPAA, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 August 2011, p. 8 and Mr Mark Burgess, Chief Executive Officer, PFA, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 9. 

[52]      Mr Andrew Scipione, Board Member, ANZPAA, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 August 2011, p. 10.

[53]      Ms Maureen Cahill, General Manager, Communications Infrastructure Division, ACMA, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 August 2011, p. 38. 

[54]      Dr Andrew Kerans, Executive Manager, Spectrum Infrastructure Branch, ACMA, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 August 2011, p. 37. 

Chapter 3 - Emergency warnings and community preparedness

[1]        Professor Kevin Ronan, Chair, Disaster Reference Group, Australian Psychological Society, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 39.

[2]        Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC), Submission 35, p. 1. 

[3]        ABC, Submission 35, p. 1. 

[4]        ABC, Submission 35, p. 1. 

[5]        ABC, Submission 35, p. 1. 

[6]        Commercial Radio Australia (CRA), Submission 14, p. 3. 

[7]        CRA, Submission 14, pp 3–7.  For example the Victorian bushfires, Queensland floods and Cyclone Yasi. 

[8]        CRA, Submission 14, p. 2. 

[9]        ABC, Submission 35, p. 2. 

[10]      ABC, Submission 35, p. 2.

[11]      CRA, Submission 14, p. 3. 

[12]      CRA, Submission 14, p. 3. 

[13]      CRA, Memorandum of Understanding: Procedures for broadcasting of emergency information by Commercial Broadcasters in Victoria, October 2009.

[14]      CRA, Memorandum of Understanding: Procedures for broadcasting of emergency information by Commercial Broadcasters in Victoria, October 2009, p. 2. 

[15]      CRA, Memorandum of Understanding: Procedures for broadcasting of emergency information by Commercial Broadcasters in Victoria, October 2009, pp 4–6. 

[16]      Ms Joan Warner, Chief Executive Officer, CRA, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 65. 

[17]      Ms Joan Warner, Chief Executive Officer, CRA, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, pp 61–62. 

[18]      Ms Julie Flynn, Chief Executive Officer, FreeTV Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, pp 50–51. 

[19]      Ms Julie Flynn, Chief Executive Officer, FreeTV Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 50. 

[20]      Ms Julie Flynn, Chief Executive Officer, FreeTV Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 52. 

[21]      Attorney-General's Department, Submission 24, p. 10. 

[22]      Western Australia uses a state-based telephone alert system, "StateAlert".

[23]      Attorney-General's Department, Submission 24, p. 10 and Emergency Alert, Frequently asked questions, available: www.emergencyalert.gov.au/frequently-asked-questions.html (accessed 20 October 2011). 

[24]      Attorney-General's Department, Submission 24, p. 10. 

[25]      Mr Anthony Goonan, Director, Network and Commercial Planning, Telstra, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 71. 

[26]      Emergency Alert, Frequently asked questions: What is emergency alert?, available: www.emergencyalert.gov.au/frequently-asked-questions.html (accessed 20 October 2011). 

[27]      Emergency Alert, Frequently asked questions: What is emergency alert?, available: www.emergencyalert.gov.au/frequently-asked-questions.html (accessed 20 October 2011). 

[28]      Telstra, Submission 31, p. 5. 

[29]      Telstra, Submission 31, pp 8–9. 

[30]      Telstra, Submission 31, p. 8. 

[31]      See for example Professor Stephen Robson and Mr David Templeman, Supplementary Submission 1, p. 1; NSW State Emergency Service (SES), Submission 17, p. 6; Local Government Association of Queensland (LGAQ), Submission 22, p. 1; Lake Macquarie City Council, Submission 26, p. 3; Mr David Tones, Submission 27, pp 7–8 and Mr Kim Allen, Submission 37, p. 4.

[32]      Markus Manheim, 'Staying in the loop a key to emergency texts', The Canberra Times, 22 September 2011.

[33]      Markus Manheim, 'Staying in the loop a key to emergency texts', The Canberra Times, 22 September 2011.

[34]      Senator the Hon Joe Ludwig, Minister representing the Attorney-General, Answer to Senate Question 1434, 8 November 2011 (received 21 November 2011), available: www.aph.gov.au/hansard/senate/dailys/ds221111.pdf (accessed 23 November 2011). 

[35]      NSW SES, Submission 17, p. 6; LGAQ, Submission 22, p. 1; Lake Macquarie City Council, Submission 26, p. 3; Mr David Tones, Submission 27, pp 7–8 and Mr Kim Allen, Submission 37, p. 4.

[36]      NSW SES, Submission 17, p. 6. 

[37]      Lake Macquarie City Council, Submission 26, p. 1. 

[38]      Mr Tony Gates, Director, Operations, NSW Telco Authority, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, pp 24–25; Mr Peter Davies, Directory NT Emergency Service, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 25 and Mr David Place, Chief Executive, South Australian Fire and Emergency Services Commission (SAFECOM), Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 26. 

[39]      Mr Bruce McDonald, Chief Superintendent, NSW Rural Fire Service, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 25.  Please note, Emergency Alert contacts the registered service address–and not the billing address–for both mobile telephones and landline telephones.

[40]      National Council on Intellectual Disability (NCID), Submission 43, pp 6–8.

[41]      NCID, Submission 43, pp 6–7. 

[42]      NCID, Submission 43, p. 8, emphasis in original. 

[43]      Torrens Resilience Institute, Assessment of the Effectiveness of Emergency Alert: Final Report, 30 July 2011, p. 3. 

[44]      Attorney-General's Department, Submission 24, p. 5. 

[45]      Attorney-General's Department, Submission 24, p. 11. 

[46]      Mr David Place, Chief Executive, SAFECOM, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 26.  

[47]      Government of South Australia, Submission 9, p. 5. 

[48]      Fire and Emergency Services Authority of Western Australia (FESA), Submission 18, pp 4–5. 

[49]      Tasmanian Government, Submission 39, p. 4.

[50]      Bureau of Meteorology, Submission 42, p. 8.

[51]      Bureau of Meteorology, Submission 42, p. 8.

[52]      Bureau of Meteorology, Submission 42, p. 9. 

[53]      Mr Tony Gates, Director, NSW Telco Authority, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 24. 

[54]      Dr Susie Burke, Senior Psychologist, Public Interest, Disasters and the Environment, Australian Psychological Society, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 36. 

[55]      Dr Susie Burke, Senior Psychologist, Public Interest, Disasters and the Environment, Australian Psychological Society, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 36. 

[56]      Attorney-General's Department, Submission 24, p. 5. 

[57]      Mr Peter Davies, Director, NT Emergency Service, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 25. 

[58]      Mr Hugh James, Manager, Transmission Services, Special Broadcasting Service (SBS), Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 43. 

[59]      Mr Hugh James, Manager, Transmission Services, SBS and Dr David Sutton, Head of Strategic Policy, Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC), Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 44.

[60]      Sentinel Alert, Submission 8, p. 2.

[61]      Professor Stephen Robson and Mr David Templeman, Submission 1, p. 9. 

[62]      Ms Danielle Fried, Disability Policy Advisor, Australian Communications Consumer Action Network (ACCAN), Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 15. 

[63]      Ms Danielle Fried, Disability Policy Advisor, ACCAN, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 15. 

[64]      ACCAN, Submission 4, p. 9. 

[65]      ACCAN, Submission 4, p. 9. 

[66]      ACCAN, Submission 4, p. 6. 

[67]      The Hon Robert McClelland MP, Attorney-General, 'Strengthening triple zero services during a disaster', media release, 11 November 2011. 

[68]      The Hon Robert McClelland MP, Attorney-General, Communiqué—Standing Council on Police and Emergency Management, 11 November 2011, p. 3 and The Hon Robert McClelland MP, Attorney-General, 'Strengthening triple zero services during a disaster', media release, 11 November 2011. 

[69]      Ms Danielle Fried, Disability Policy Advisor, ACCAN, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 15. 

[70]      Ms Danielle Fried, Disability Policy Advisor, ACCAN, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 17. 

[71]      Mr Michael Ward, Head, Operations Planning, ABC, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, pp 46–47. 

[72]      Ms Julie Flynn, Chief Executive Officer, FreeTV Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, pp 54–55. 

[73]      NCID, Submission 43, p. 7. 

[74]      NCID, Submission 43, p. 8. 

[75]      The Hon Robert McClelland MP, Attorney-General, Communiqué—Standing Council on Police and Emergency Management, 11 November 2011, p. 3. 

[76]      Mr David Place, Chief Executive, SAFECOM, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 23. 

[77]      Torrens Resilience Institute, Assessment of the Effectiveness of Emergency Alert: Final Report, 30 July 2011, p. 6. 

[78]      Professor Kevin Ronan, Chair, Disaster Reference Group, Australian Psychological Society, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, pp 34–35. 

[79]      Mr Anthony Rasmussen, Manager, Regional Local Radio, ABC, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 45. 

[80]      Mr Hugh James, Manager, Transmission Services, SBS, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 43. 

[81]      Mr David Place, Chief Executive, SAFECOM, Mr Tony Gates, Director, Operations, NSW Telco Authority and Mr Bruce McDonald, Chief Superintendent, NSW Rural Fire Service, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 27. 

Chapter 4 - Communications infrastructure

[1]        Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC), Submission 35, p. 5. 

[2]        ABC, Submission 35, p. 1.

[3]        ABC, Submission 35, p. 5.

[4]        Mr Hugh James, Manager, Transmission Services, SBS, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, pp 43–44.

[5]        Mr Michael Ward, Head, Operations Planning, ABC, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, pp. 44.

[6]        ABC, Submission 35, p. 5.

[7]        Telstra, Submission 31, p. 17. 

[8]        Telstra, Submission 31, p. 4. 

[9]        Telstra, Submission 31, p. 4. 

[10]      Telstra, Submission 31, p. 4. 

[11]      Telstra, Submission 31, pp 15–16. 

[12]      Telstra, Submission 31, p. 5. 

[13]      Telstra, Submission 31, p. 17. See also Mr David Lemcke, Submission 2, [p. 1].

[14]      Telstra, Submission 31, p. 17 and DBCDE, Submission 34, pp 16–17.

[15]      Telstra, Submission 31, p. 17.

[16]      Telstra, Submission 31, p. 17.

[17]      Fire and Emergency Services Authority of WA, Submission 18, p. 3.

[18]      Telstra, Submission 31, p. 17. 

[19]      Telstra, Answers to questions taken on notice, 8 August 2011 (received 30 August 2011).  

[20]      Fire and Emergency Services Authority of WA (FESA), Submission 18, p. 3; see also Tasmania Fire Service, Submission 23, [p. 3].

[21]      Telstra, Submission 31, pp 12–13. 

[22]      Mr Jamie Snashall, Senior Adviser, Telstra, Proof Committee Hansard, 8 August 2011, p. 67. 

[23]      Telstra, Submission 31, p. 4. 

[24]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy (DBCDE), Submission 34, p. 4. 

[25]      DBCDE, Submission 34, p. 2. 

[26]      DBCDE, Submission 34, p. 2. 

[27]      DBCDE, Submission 34, p. 2. 

[28]      Attorney-General's Department, Critical Infrastructure Resilience Strategy, 2010, available: www.ag.gov.au/www/agd/rwpattach.nsf/VAP/(9A5D88DBA63D32A661E6369859739356)~Australian+Government+s+Critical+Infrastructure+Resilience+Strategy.PDF/$file/Australian+Government+s+Critical+Infrastructure+Resilience+Strategy.PDF (accessed 28 October 2011), p. 4. 

[29]      Attorney-General's Department, Critical Infrastructure Resilience Strategy, 2010, p. 4. 

[30]      Attorney-General's Department, Critical Infrastructure Resilience Strategy, 2010, p. 4. 

[31]      DBCDE, Submission 34, p. 4. 

[32]      DBCDE, Submission 34, p. 5. 

Appendix 3 - Inquiries into recent natural disasters in Australia

[1]        Coroner Maria Doogan, Coroner (ACT), The Canberra Firestorm: inquests and inquiry into four deaths and four fires between 8 and 18 January 2003, December 2006, p. 3. 

[2]        ACT Magistrates Court, ACT Coroner's Court 2003 Bushfire Inquiry, available: www.courts.act.gov.au/magistrates/page/view/596/title/act-coroners-court-2003-bushfire (accessed 30 June 2011). 

[3]        Coroner Maria Doogan, Coroner (ACT), The Canberra Firestorm: inquests and inquiry into four deaths and four fires between 8 and 18 January 2003, December 2006, pp 217, 222 and 223. 

[4]        ACT Government, ACT Government response to recommendations of the Coroner's Court in the Canberra Firestorm: inquest and inquiry into four deaths and four fires between 8 and 18 January 2003, February 2007. 

[5]        ACT Government, ACT Government response to recommendations of the Coroner's Court in the Canberra Firestorm: inquest and inquiry into four deaths and four fires between 8 and 18 January 2003, February 2007. 

[6]        2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission, Final Report: summary, July 2010, p. vii. 

[7]        2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission, Final Report: summary, July 2010, p. vii. 

[8]        2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission, Final Report: summary, July 2010, p. 1. 

[9]        2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission, Final Report: summary, July 2010, p. 4. 

[10]      2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission, Final Report: summary, July 2010, p. 8. 

[11]      2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission, Final Report: summary, July 2010, p. 9.

[12]      2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission, Final Report: summary, July 2010, p. 11. 

[13]      2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission, Final Report: summary, July 2010, pp 23 and 28. 

[14]      Government of Victoria, Response to the 2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission Interim Report, October 2009, available: www.justice.vic.gov.au/wps/wcm/connect/justlib/DOJ+Internet/resources/4/a/4aa53600404a495fbd29fff5f2791d4a/Response_to_2009_Victorian_Bushfires_Royal_Commission_Recommendations.pdf (accessed 28 June 2011).

[15]      Government of Victoria, Response to the 2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission Interim Report, October 2009, available: www.justice.vic.gov.au/wps/wcm/connect/justlib/DOJ+Internet/resources/4/a/4aa53600404a495fbd29fff5f2791d4a/Response_to_2009_Victorian_Bushfires_Royal_Commission_Recommendations.pdf (accessed 29 June 2011). 

[16]      Queensland Floods Commission of Inquiry, Home, available: www.floodcommission.qld.gov.au/home (accessed 20 June 2011). 

[17]      Queensland Floods Commission of Inquiry, Terms of Reference, available: www.floodcommission.qld.gov.au/terms-of-reference (accessed 20 June 2011). 

[18]      Queensland Floods Commission of Inquiry, Terms of Reference, available: www.floodcommission.qld.gov.au/terms-of-reference (accessed 20 June 2011). 

[19]      Queensland Floods Commission of Inquiry, Terms of Reference, available: www.floodcommission.qld.gov.au/terms-of-reference (accessed 20 June 2011). 

[20]      Queensland Floods Commission of Inquiry, Interim Report, available: www.floodcommission.qld.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/8792/QFCI-Interim-Report-Recommendations.pdf (accessed 3 August 2011), pp 11, 12–14, 15 and 17.

[21]      Premier of Queensland, Premier's newsroom: Commission of Inquiry's interim report, available: www.thepremier.qld.gov.au/newsroom/2011/020811-inquiry-interim-report.aspx (accessed 3 August 2011).

[22]      Queensland Government, Queensland Government response to the Floods Commission of Inquiry Interim Report, August 2011, available: http://www.premiers.qld.gov.au/publications/categories/reports/assets/response-to-flood-inquiry.pdf (accessed 23 November 2011). 

[23]      Queensland Floods Commission of Inquiry, Terms of Reference, available: www.floodcommission.qld.gov.au/terms-of-reference (accessed 20 June 2011). 

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