Additional Comments by Labor Senators
Labor Senators on this committee note the recommendation of the Chair's
Labor Senators are of the view that the changes proposed by the Social
Services Legislation Amendment (Encouraging Self-sufficiency for Newly Arrived
Migrants) Bill 2018 have the potential to disproportionately impact families,
women and children.
This is a cause of serious concern to Labor Senators.
The Department of Social Services told a recent Senate Estimates hearing
that these changes would affect 30 000 individuals, 50 000 families and 110 000
children over the forward estimates.
The committee heard some evidence that the current two year NARWP
already creates some difficulties for recent migrants.
The committee heard evidence that extending the existing NARWP, and
introducing a NARWP for other payments could jeopardise successful settlement
for many recent migrants.
The Brotherhood of St Laurence explained to the committee that:
Migrants are overrepresented in the poverty statistics as
well as the homelessness statistics, and we feel great concern that the
proposed bill will further compound that issue.
The committee also heard that "...migrants actually have a very
strong desire to work and only look to income support when they're unable to
work and are in financial hardship."
In particular, the committee heard that despite a strong desire to work,
that recent migrants are a cohort that are particularly vulnerable to changing
circumstances, and that access to assistance in Australia when this happens can
have a significant impact on their overall settlement.
The Refugee Advice and Casework Service said:
Most migrants do not need to access the social security
system, but for those who do, it can be the difference between flourishing
stability and an inability to effectively settle in Australia. Moreover, it can
set up children and their families to either prosper or flounder for decades.
The committee heard that the vast majority of recent migrants actively
participate in the labour market.
The Ethnic Communities Council of Victoria told the committee that the
workforce participation rate of migrants is 80%, compared to just 60% for
people who are born in Australia.
Labor Senators acknowledge the high workforce participation rate of
migrants, and also the expectation that migrants are able to support themselves
while they settle in to Australia. The committee heard from an overwhelming
majority of submitters and witnesses that the changes in this Bill would
disproportionally impact women and children.
The Brotherhood of St Laurence warned the committee that the changes in
the Bill would:
...potentially increase child and family poverty. Children will
be adversely affected.
The Australian Council of Social Service said also:
Women and children will be the biggest losers if this Bill
goes through. They are the primary beneficiaries of the family tax benefit and
paid parental leave, which is where the biggest cuts in this bill will be made.
The committee heard particular evidence from a number of witnesses that
migrant women are already vulnerable to exploitation, and would be placed in an
even more precarious situation if the Bill were to pass.
The Brotherhood of St Laurence explained that:
Migrant women, we know from statistics, are at risk of
exploitation, including slavery and forced marriage, because of their limited
networks and access to support...the proposed changes will expose migrant women
to greater risk of exploitation and violence by limiting their access to financial
The Federation of Ethnic Communities Councils of Australia and
Settlement Services International expressed serious concern about the
introduction of a NARWP for family tax benefits, and told the committee that
the measures are discriminatory.
The Federation of Ethnic Communities Councils explained in detail:
You could possibly have the situation where two children are
born in the same hospital on the same day but their families and therefore
those children will be treated in vastly different ways because of the
residency of their parents. The family of the Australian-born child of
Australian citizens will be eligible for those payments, which will ultimately
be used for the care and upkeep of that child. But the parents of the Australian
child who was born in the same hospital on the same day will not receive those
payments because of their particular visa category, and therefore that child is
being born into a situation where they will be economically disadvantaged.
Settlement Services International emphasised that the Government should
prioritise the wellbeing of all children. They asked:
Why would we not want the children of recent migrants to have
the same benefit? These children of migrants are also future Australian
citizens and it is in all our interests that they do well. The proposed waiting
period for receiving the family tax benefit is discrimination.
Labor Senators are of the view that these are significant issues, and
that they cannot be ignored by Government.
Labor Senators on the committee note the significant proportion of newly
arrived migrants who actively participate in the labour market, and do not
require access to our social security system.
However, evidence provided to the committee also indicated that measures
in this Bill will increase or create vulnerabilities within this group –
particularly for families, women and children.
Labor Senators are of the view that the Senate should only pass this
Bill in the event that these impacts are substantially reduced and adequate
exemptions for changes in people's circumstances are guaranteed.
Hon Lisa Singh Senator
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