Labor Senators on this committee reject Recommendation 2 of the majority
report, that the Bill be passed.
The committee heard evidence from a wide variety of community
organisations that the changes in the Bill are unfair, and would result in
groups of Australians facing significant financial pressures.
Catholic Social Services Australia said that this Bill places 'the
burden of budget repair on those who can least afford it, while providing tax
cuts to the wealthy and businesses, [which] is wrong morally and economically.'
St Vincent de Paul said:
By increasing waiting periods and reducing access to support
payments, the proposed measures would further erode an already fragile social
safety net, contributing to inequality and disproportionately impacting on
people on low incomes. Such proposals are morally, socially and economically
The Federation of Ethnic Communities' Councils of Australia told the committee
that they view the changes in this Bill as discriminatory, in particular that:
...the extension of the residency requirements for
qualification for DSP and age pension and the removal of the pension supplement
after six weeks of travel overseas disproportionately impact culturally and
linguistically diverse communities and are therefore discriminatory in nature.
The committee also heard strong opposition to the Bill from the National
Social Security Rights Network, who said that 'this Bill simply appears to be
an ideological attack on the social safety net.'
Schedule 1: Enhanced residency requirements for pensioners
The Department of Social Services submitted that approximately 2300
people each year would be required to wait longer before becoming eligible for
the Age Pension or the Disability Support Pension as a result of increasing the
required period of residence from 10 to 15 years.
The committee heard evidence about the difficulties older migrants will
face as a result of extending the residency requirements.
The Federation of Ethnic Communities Council Australia told the committee
that 'in general older Australians find it very difficult to find work, so
those of a CALD [culturally and linguistically diverse] background will
struggle even more.'
The committee heard that some Australians will be forced to rely on
their family for support in lieu of the Age Pension. The Federation of Ethnic
Communities' Councils of Australia explained that:
...older migrant Australians will become more reliant upon
their families to support them...but as with any family, young people now in
Australia...have to move often in order to secure employment, and they're not
often in a position to take care of their older relatives, either practically
The committee also heard that Special Benefit, the discretionary payment
that some affected retirees may be eligible to receive, would not be sufficient
to alleviate the financial hardship caused by being ineligible to receive the
The Australian Council of Social Service said that '[t]he rate of
payment of special benefit, even if they are getting the maximum amount, falls
well short of what someone needs to cover the cost of essential goods and
The committee heard that 'migrants contribute economically and socially
through their familial contributions as carers, volunteers, business people and
after they arrive in Australia.
Catholic Social Services Australia wrote that 'the rationale for the
waiting period is overly harsh and has little bearing on whether a person is in
need of income support.'
Experts on Australia's Social Security system, the National Social
Security Rights Network and the Australian Council of Social Services also
expressed concern at the structure of the measure's 'self-sufficiency test'.
They told the committee that making future eligibility for access to
social security contingent on whether a person had accessed the system in the
past was troubling.
The National Social Security Rights Network explained:
The Australian system is based on residence and need. It has
a very strong emphasis on residence already. Most of the older migrants who
have the misfortune to need to access our system within the first 10 years in
Australia are covered by an assurance from their families. So there is no cost
to the taxpayer because the money is recovered from the family. So it's hard to
see the case for strengthening the requirements. It's particularly hard to see
the need or benefit that comes from introducing income support history into the
test. It's a departure from a very fundamental principle.
The Australian Council of Social Services said that 'it starts to
introduce an approach to social security which says that, because you had to
come here for help in the past, you've had enough.'
Labor Senators note the concerns held by the Senate Scrutiny of Bills
Committee about this measure, that 'while not technically retrospective, may
raise questions as to the fairness of applying a change in the law to
individuals who have arranged their long-standing affairs on the basis of the
Labor Senators note further that the Senate Scrutiny of Bills Committee
did not consider that the administrative complexity of grandfathering the
changes in this measure alone was not sufficient justification for neglecting
to include grandfathering arrangements.
Schedule 2: Stopping the payment of pension supplement after six weeks
The committee heard that ceasing to pay the pension supplement after a
recipient had been overseas would disadvantage pensioners as 'people's costs
don't necessarily decline because they are spending that period of time
The committee heard that the pension supplement is an important element
of the age pension and should not be cut. The Federation of Ethnic Communities'
Councils of Australia explained:
For the individuals who have to survive on the age pension,
that additional supplement is critical. They would have also suffered in terms
of having to save up to go overseas in the first place and probably for a long
period of time. Every dollar counts when you're living on the age pension so it
is punitive and cruel to take away that additional amount just because someone,
for very good reasons, is having to spend an extended period of time overseas.
The Federation of Ethnic Communities' Councils of Australia stated that
older Australians from diverse cultural backgrounds are often required to
travel overseas for more than six weeks in their retirement to undertake family
responsibilities. The Federation explained further that:
...this may be a last trip either for themselves or to see a
family member who is dying or at the end of life. So to penalise them for
staying longer than six weeks is cruel for the family member that they are
uniting with and for these Australian individuals.
The committee also heard that this measure will leave age pensioners who
have chosen to retire overseas, worse off, as they will no longer receive the
pension supplement as a result of this change, which does not grandfather the
supplement for existing recipients.
The National Social Security Rights Network told the committee that this
...contrary to normal practice, it applies
to you if you've already permanently departed Australia. What this measure will
do is reduce the payment that's already been made to people who have previously
chosen a country or returned to their country of residence on the faith of the
system when they left.
Schedule 3: Taper rate for Part A rate of family tax benefit
The committee heard evidence against accepting the changes to
calculation of Family Tax Benefit Part A in this Bill.
The committee heard that the families impacted by this measure have
already faced several cuts, which 'when they add up together it's actually a
significant hit on family budgets.'
The Parenthood explained that:
...families seem to be bearing the brunt of savings measures,
and that's a difficult situation to put them in when their costs are at their
highest, factoring in raising children, having them in child care and school,
and most likely paying off HECS debt.
The committee heard that families are continuing to be impacted by the
rising cost of living.
The Parenthood said:
We know that families are spending twice as much on their
childcare bills as they are on their groceries-some of them three times as
much-and so any little effect multiplied out across a year can cause substantial
stress to families.
Catholic Social Services Australia also told the committee that this
change would have a significant impact on the budgets of Australian families.
Catholic Social Services Australia said:
Almost 25 000 families with an average household income of
$125 490 will lose their payments entirely under the proposed measure and 71 800
families with an average income of $107 622 will have their payments reduced by
an average of $50 a fortnight ($1300 [a] year). This is in addition to other
recent changes to payments, such as loss of supplements.
Schedule 4: Liquid assets test waiting period
The committee received evidence from a number of sources that extending
the liquid assets test waiting period would push vulnerable Australians further
in to financial hardship.
The Australian Council of Social Services told the committee that there
is already a high level of deprivation among social security claimants. They
...the latest HILDA data shows that a full 25 per cent of
people who are unemployed are already being deprived of two or more essential
items. In addition, the evidence shows that about 12 per cent of people at the
moment could not raise $500 in the event of an emergency.
The Parenthood condemned this Schedule, and said that extending the
liquid assets test waiting period is a measure which is:
...designed to put vulnerable people in an even more desperate
position than they already find themselves. Making people wait six months for
income support is dangerous and risks leaving people with absolutely nothing.
The committee also heard that it is possible that assets are calculated
at a higher level than accurately reflects a claimant's ability to access those
funds. This is particularly the case where a claimant has been made redundant.
The Parenthood told the committee that:
[i]f...you're owed $12,000 in back pay and holiday pay and all
of those things and companies aren't actually paying out, I want to make sure
that we understand that liquid assets include that particular statement and
that it's not terribly liquid if the money itself isn't there.
Catholic Social Services Australia provided the committee with
calculations to show the impact the extended liquid assets test waiting period
would have on a person with dependants, living in the Australian Capital
Territory. They wrote:
Even with savings of $36,000...for a person with dependents it
would not take long to expend these savings. For example, using the Household
Expenditure Measure, a person with two dependants in the ACT, renting and
having a basic lifestyle would need a minimum of $21,792 over a 6 month period.
This assumes there are no contingencies such as medical bills, costs of
retraining or vehicle repairs and maintenance. After 6 months, over 60% of the
savings would have been spent just with basic household expenditure. This
leaves this household financially vulnerably with a small buffer to manage
contingencies whilst on income support.
The committee heard that the effect of extending the liquid assets test
waiting period would be to 'make people run down their savings even further,
further reducing the capacity for people already of limited resources to be
able to meet basic costs and unanticipated one-off expenses'
such as repairing or replacing a vital home appliance or paying a rental bond.
The National Social Security Rights Network said that,
The social security system is not fit for purpose if it
erodes people's ability to deal with one-off and extraordinary expenses.
Measures like this, which undermine people's savings, can have the effect of
pushing people into improvident lending practices and a range of other negative
situations, which are of concern to the community, government and parliament.
The committee received evidence from a variety of sources which
suggested that the changes contained in the Social Services Legislation
Amendment (Payment Integrity) Bill 2017 were unfair and would push
vulnerable Australians into poverty.
1.40 Labor Senators on this committee recommend that the Senate reject the
Senator the Hon Lisa Singh Senator Murray Watt
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