Appendix 3 - Bibliography

Appendix 3 - Bibliography

The following reports, books and articles have been accessed by the Committee during this inquiry. The list does not purport to be a comprehensive bibliography on poverty. A number of submissions, especially from the major agencies, also included bibliographies. A list of useful websites is provided at the end of the Appendix.


Anglicare, Food Insecurity – A Welfare Agency Perspective, November 2003

Australian Bureau of Statistics, Income and Welfare, 'Poverty and Deprivation in Australia', special article, Year Book Australia 1996

Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS) –

'Research Compendium: Poverty and Inequality in Australia', ACOSS Info 314, 20 November 2001

'Fairness and Flexibility: reform of workforce age social security payments in Australia', Paper 129, September 2003

'Australians Living on the Edge: Survey of the Community Services Sector', Paper 125, January 2003

Hidden Unemployment in Australia, November 2003

Generating Jobs: Fifteen Strategies for Reducing Unemployment in Australia, October 2001

Australian Institute of Family Studies (AIFS) –

'Aboriginal Australians and poverty: issues of measurement', Janet Taylor, Family Matters no.35, August 1993

'Low Pay and Family Poverty: Tracing the Links', Tony Eardley, Family Matters no.51, Spring/Summer 1998

'Regional Disadvantage and Unemployment', Christine Kilmartin, Family Matters no.37, April 1994

'Taxation and family income', Lucy Sullivan, Family Matters no.54, Spring/Summer 1999

Baker M, 'Full Steam towards full employment', Australian Options, Summer 2002

Bessant J, 'The Politics of Official Talk about Welfare Reform in Australia', Just Policy, No 28, December 2002

Bray JR, 'Hardship in Australia: An analysis of financial stress indicators in the 1998-99 Australian Bureau of Statistics Household Expenditure Survey', FaCS Occasional Paper No 4, 2001

Brotherhood of St Laurence –

'Poverty', Information sheet no.1, July 2002

'Income support and poverty', Information sheet no.2, July 2002

'Poverty line update', Information sheet no.3, July 2002

'Unemployment and poverty', Information sheet no.4, July 2002

'The Invisible Australians: Conceptions of Poverty in Australia', paper presented to the 7th AIFS Conference, July 2000

'Making Australia a poverty-free zone', 2002 Sambell Oration, Father Nic Frances, October 2002

'No child...' Child poverty in Australia, McClelland A, 2000

Eleven Plus Life chances and family income, Taylor J & Fraser A, 2003

Buchanan J & Pocock B, 'Responding to Inequality Today: Eleven Theses Concerning the Redesign of Policies and Agents for Reform', Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol 44, No 1, March 2002, pp.108-135

Carroll L, 'Poverty reduction: the Australian approach', Development Bulletin, July 2001

Colvin K, The Women and Poverty Report: 'More than half-less than equal', VCOSS, October 2001

Commission of Inquiry into Poverty, Poverty in Australia: First Main Report, April 1975

Cox J, 'The Poverty Line Revisited', Agenda, Vol 9, No 2, 2002, pp.99-111

Dawkins P, Gregg P & Scutella R, 'The Growth of Jobless Households in Australia', The Australian Economic Review, vol 35, no 2, pp.133-54, 2002

Department of Industry, Tourism & Resources, Key Demographic and Labour Market Trends in Australia during the 1990s, 2002

Dunne L, 'Is poverty increasing or decreasing?', The Adelaide Review, Feb 2002, No 221, p.14

Dusseldorp Skills Forum, How Young People are Faring, Key Indictors 2003

Fincher R & Nieuwenhuysen J eds, Australian Poverty: Then and Now, Melbourne University Press, 1998.

Fincher R & Saunders P, Creating unequal futures? Rethinking poverty, inequality and disadvantage, Allen & Unwin, 2001.

Gregory RG, 'Its full-time jobs that matter', Australian Journal of Labour Economics, vol 5, no 2, June 2002

Henman P, 'Myths of Welfare Reform', Australian Journal of Social Issues, No l37, No.1, February 2002

Independent Review of Breaches and Penalties in the Social Security System (Pearce Review), Making it Work, 2002

Industry Commission, Charitable Organisations in Australia, Report No 45, 16 June 1995

James R, Socioeconomic Background and Higher Education Participation: An analysis of school students' aspirations and expectations, DEST, April 2002

Kelly S, 'Simulating Future Trends in Wealth Inequality', Paper presented at the 2002 Australian Conference of Economists, October 2002

Leeder S, 'Achieving equity in the Australian healthcare system', Medical Journal of Australia, Vol 179

Lyons M, Third sector: the contribution of nonprofit and cooperative enterprises in Australia, Allen & Unwin, 2001

Marginson S, Pathways to Failure: The Educational Disadvantage of Children from Low-income Families, The Ronald Henderson Research Foundation, Monash University, Melbourne 2002

McClelland A, 'Mutual Obligation and the Welfare Responsibilities of Government', Australian Journal of Social Issues, Vol 37(3), August 2002

Mitchell D, 'Participation and opportunity: Redefining social security in Australian and New Zealand', International Social Security Review, Vol 55, 4/2002

National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling (NATSEM) –

'A portrait of child poverty in Australia in 1995-96', Paper presented at the 6th AIFS Conference, Melbourne, 26 November 1998

'An Introduction to Poverty Measurement Issues', Greenwell H, Lloyd R & Harding A, Discussion Paper No 55, December 2001

'Ancillary and Specialist Health Services: Does Low Income Limit Access?', Discussion Paper No 22, June 1997

'Financial Disadvantage in Australia – 1999: The Unlucky Australians?', Harding A & Szukalska A, A report commissioned by The Smith Family, November 2000

'Financial Disadvantage in Australia 1990 to 2000: the persistence of poverty in a decade of growth', Harding A, Lloyd R & Greenwell H, A report commissioned by The Smith Family, November 2001

'Is it worth working now? Financial incentives for working mothers under Australia's new tax system', Paper presented to the 2003 Australian Social Policy Conference, 9 July 2003

'Social Policy Matters: The Changing Face of Child Poverty in Australia, 1982 to 1997-98', Harding A & Szukalska A, Paper presented to the 7th AIFS Conference, July 2000

'The Costs of Children in Australia Today', Paper presented to the AIFS Conference, Melbourne, 13 February 2003

'Trends in Child Poverty in Australia: 1982 to 1995-96', Discussion Paper No 42, April 1999

'Worlds Apart: Postcodes with the Highest and Lowest Poverty Rates in Today's Australia', presented to National Social Policy Conference, Sydney, July 2001

Parliament of Australia, Parliamentary Library, 'The Poor in Australia: Who Are They and How Many Are There?', Current Issues e-brief 22 August 2002,

Preston A, 'The changing Australian labour market: developments during the last decade', Australian Bulletin of Labour, vol.27, no.3, September 2001

Productivity Commission, Independent Review of the Job Network, June 2002

Rothman S & McMillan J, 'Influences on Achievement in Literacy and Numeracy', Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth, Research Paper 36, ACER, October 2003

Saunders P, Welfare and Inequality: National and International Perspectives on the Australian Welfare State, Cambridge University Press, 1994

Saunders P, 'The deserving Poor: Changing community views on the causes of poverty', Australian Social Monitor, Vol 5, No 2, May 2002

Saunders P, 'It's Official: Inequality is Increasing Again' Impact, Spring 2003

Saunders P, 'Poor Statistics: Getting the Facts Right About Poverty in Australia', Centre for Independent Studies, Issue Analysis, no 23, 3 April 2002

Saunders P & Tsumori K, Poverty in Australia: Beyond the Rhetoric, Centre for Independent Studies, Policy Monograph 57, 2002

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision, Report on Australian Government Services 2004, Productivity Commission, 2004

Senate Community Affairs References Committee, Report on Public Dental Services, May 1998

Senate Community Affairs References Committee, Healing our Hospitals: Report on Public Hospital Funding, December 2000

Senate Employment, Workplace Relations and Education References Committee, Hacking Australia's future: Threats to institutional autonomy, academic freedom and student choice in higher education, November 2003

Senate Employment, Workplace Relations and Education References Committee, Bridging the Skills Divide, November 2003

Senate Select Committee on Medicare, Medicare – Healthcare or Welfare?, October 2003

Senate Select Committee on Medicare, MedicarePlus: the Future for Medicare?, February 2004

Social Policy Research Centre (SPRC) Discussion Papers –

'Unpacking Inequality: Wage Incomes, Disposable Incomes and Living Standards', Peter Saunders, No 63, December 1995

'A Challenge to Work and Welfare: Poverty in Australia in the 1990s', Peter Saunders, No 64, December 1995

'Defining Poverty and Identifying the Poor: Reflections on the Australian Experience', Peter Saunders, No 84, June 1998

'Household Budgets and Income Distribution over the Longer Term: Evidence for Australia', Peter Saunders, No 89, October 1998

'Working but Poor? Low Pay and Poverty in Australia', Tony Eardley, No 91, November 1998

'The Direct and Indirect Effects of Unemployment on Poverty and Inequality', Peter Saunders, No 118, December 2002

Social Welfare Policy Secretariat (SWPS), Report on Poverty Measurement, AGPS, 1981

Solas J, 'The War on Poverty in Australia', Just Policy, No 27, August 2002

The Smith Family –

'Getting Poverty Back onto the Policy Agenda', Saunders P, Briefing paper No.10, March 2002

'The unlucky Australians? The launch of The Smith Family/NATSEM report on financial disadvantage in Australia', Zappala G & Green V, Briefing paper No.8, March 2001

'The Smith Family's Learning for Life program a decade on: Poverty and Educational disadvantage', Zappala G & Parker B, Background Paper No.1, 2000

'School to adult life transitions through work and study: A select review of the literature', Smyth C, Zappala G & Considine G, Background Paper No.4, 2002

Youth Unemployment in Australia: a contextual, governmental and organisational perspective, Muir K with Maguire A, Slack-Smith D & Murray M, A report by the The Smith Family for the AMP Foundation, November 2003

St Vincent de Paul Society –

            'Greed, Poverty and Compassion: Where to Australia?', October 2002

'The "Hidden Faces" of Poverty: Identifying Poverty Issues in Australia', 2000

            'Two Australias: Addressing Inequality and Poverty', May 2001

Teese R & Polesel J, Undemocratic Schooling: equity and quality in mass secondary education in Australia, Melbourne University Press, 2003

Travers P & Robertson F, Relative Deprivation among DSS Clients, Flinders University of SA, Adelaide, 1996

Tsumori K, Saunders P & Hughes H, 'Poor Arguments: A Response to the Smith Family Report on Poverty in Australia', Centre for Independent Studies, Issue Analysis no.21, 16 January 2002

Watson I,, Fragmented Futures: New Challenges in Working Life, Federation Press, 2003

Watson I, 'Kennett's industrial relations legacy: impact of deregulation on minimum pay rates in Victoria', Journal of Industrial Relations, vol.43, no.3, September 2001

Watts M, 'Wages and wage determination in 2001', Journal of Industrial Relations, vol.44, no. 2, June 2002

Whiteford P & Angenent G, 'The Australian system of social protection – an overview', FaCS Occasional Paper No.6, 2001

Yenchen D & Porter L, A Just and Sustainable Australia, Melbourne, September 2001


Adelman L, 'Role Reversal: Child Poverty in Australia and Britain', SPRC Newsletter, No.84, October 2003

Bradbury B & Jantii M, 'Child Poverty across Industrialized Nations', Innocenti Occasional Papers, Economic and Social Policy series, No.71, 1999

Bradbury B, 'Child Poverty: A review', Social Policy Research Centre, Report No 3/03, November 2003

Business Council of Australia, The Cost of Dropping Out: the Economic Impact of Early School Leaving, January 2003

Demosthenous H, Bouhours T & Demosthenous C, 'Socioeconomic status and youth aggression in Australia', Youth Studies Australia, v.21, n.4, 2002.

'Family tax benefit fails to relieve child poverty', Impact, August 2001.

Gregory RG, 'Children and the Changing Labour Market: Joblessness in Families with Dependent Children', Centre for Economic Policy Research ANU, Discussion Paper No.406, August 1999

Task Force on Child Development, Health and Wellbeing, Towards a National Agenda for Early Childhood – What you told us, October 2003

UnitingCare Burnside, Because Children Matter: Making a case for addressing child poverty in Australia, June 2003


Abello D & Chalmers J, 'Disabling Employment Policy', Symposium: The 2002-03 Federal Budget

Sherry M, 'Welfare Reform and Disability Policy in Australia', Just Policy, No.28, December 2002


Bell D, 'How to Treat Chronic disease in indigenous Australians', Australian Doctor, 14 June 2002

Costello S, Berry M & Briskman L, 'Homeless Indigenous Older People', Parity, Vol 15, Issue 10

Gray MC & Hunter BH, 'A Cohort Analysis of the Determinants of Employment and Labour Force Participation: Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Australians, 1981 to 1996', The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, 2002

Hunter B, 'Three nations, not one: indigenous and other Australian poverty', Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research ANU, CAEPR Working Paper No1/1999

Hunter B, Kennedy S & Biddle N, 'One size fits all?: The effect of equivalence scales on Indigenous and other Australian poverty', CAEPR Working Paper No.19/2002

Ross R & Whiteford P, 'Poverty in 1986: Aboriginal Families with Children', Australian Journal of Social Issues, Vol.27, No.2, May 1992

Taylor J, 'Aboriginal Australians and Poverty: Issues of Measurement', Family Matters, No.35, August 1993


Chamberlain C & MacKenzie D, Counting the Homeless 2001, ABS, November 2003

Crane M & Warnes A, 'Preventing Homelessness Among Older People: The British Experience', Parity, Vol 15, Issue 10

Crinall K, 'Is there a cause of homelessness, or should we just focus on homelessness as a cause', Parity, Vol 15, Issue 9

Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission, Our Homeless Children: Report of the National Inquiry into Homeless Children, 1989 (Brian Burdekin, Chairman)

Matheson, 'Too Many Homeless', Parity, Vol 15, Issue 9

Watson S, 'Revisiting one of the causes of homelessness', Impact, December 2002


AHURI, On the Margins? Housing Risk among Caravan Park Residents, August 2003

Bradbury B & Chalmers J, 'Housing, location and employment', AHURI, July 2002

Ministerial Council on Consumer Affairs, Residential Tenancy Databases – Issues Paper, November 2003

Senate Community Affairs References Committee, Report on Housing Assistance, December 1997

Rural and regional

Australian Catholic Social Welfare Commission, 'A Litany of Disadvantage: Rural Communities of Australia', Discussion Paper No 15, 2000

Bray JR, 'Social indicators for regional Australia', FaCS Policy Research Paper No 8, 2000


Many of the research and policy papers referred to above and other information may be accessed from the following websites


Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS)

Australian Federation of Homelessness Organisations (AFHO)

Australian Institute of Family Studies (AIFS)

Brotherhood of St Laurence

Jesuit Social Services

Mission Australia

National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling (NATSEM)

National Rural Health Alliance

The Smith Family

Social Policy Research Centre (SPRC)

St Vincent de Paul Society

UnitingCare Australia

Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion (UK)

Combat Poverty Agency (Ireland)

Institute for Research on Poverty (USA)

Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion (UK)


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