Footnotes

Footnotes

 Chapter 1 - Introduction

[1]        Journals of the Senate, 23 August 2012, pp 2873–2874.

[2]        See Senate Select Committee on Electricity Prices, available: http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Former_Committees/electricityprices/electricityprices/index (accessed 10 October 2012).

[3]        For further information see Macquarie Generation, Liddell Power Station, available: www.macgen.com.au/Generation-Portfolio/ (accessed 10 October 2012).

[4]        For further information see CSIRO, CSIRO Energy Centre, available: www.csiro.au/en/Outcomes/Climate/Reducing-GHG/Newcastle.aspx (accessed 10 October 2012) and Smart Grid, Smart City, available: www.smartgridsmartcity.com.au/ (accessed 10 October 2012).

Chapter 2 - Background

[1]        Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO), An introduction to Australia's National Electricity Market, July 2012, available: www.aemo.com.au/~/media/Files/Other/corporate/0000-0262%20pdf.pdf (accessed 11 October 2012), p. 2. 

[2]        AEMO, An introduction to Australia's National Electricity Market, July 2012, p. 2.

[3]        AEMO, An introduction to Australia's National Electricity Market, July 2012, p. 2.

[4]        Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Intelligent grid: A value proposition for distributed energy in Australia, 2009, available: www.csiro.au/en/Outcomes/Energy/Carbon-Footprint/IG-report.aspx (accessed 11 October 2012), p. 68.

[5]        Council of Australian Governments (COAG), Parer Review: Towards a truly national and efficient energy market, 2002, available: www.ret.gov.au/Documents/mce/_documents/FinalReport20December200220050602124631.pdf (accessed 11 October 2012), p. 62.

[6]        Productivity Commission, The growth and revenue implications of Hilmer and related reforms, March 1995, p. 223 and 226.

[7]        COAG, Parer Review: Towards a truly national and efficient energy market, 2002, p. 62.

[8]        The National Electricity Law (NEL) is a schedule of the National Electricity (South Australia) Act 1996 (SA). It is also applied, by virtue of jurisdictional Application Acts, as a law in each of the jurisdictions that participate in the National Electricity Market (NEM).

[9]        National Electricity (South Australia) Act 1996, section 9.

[10]      AEMO, Frequently asked questions, http://www.aemo.com.au/About-the-Industry/Frequently-Asked-Questions, (accessed 24 October 2012).

[11]      COAG, Parer Review: Towards a truly national and efficient energy market, 2002, p. 63.

[12]      Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism (DRET), Australian Energy Market Agreement, June 2004, available: www.ret.gov.au/Documents/mce/_documents/IGA_FINAL_%2830JUNE2004%292004071310032320041112162849.pdf (accessed 12 October 2012), p. 6. 

[13]      SCER is an amalgamation of the Ministerial Council on Energy (MCE) and Ministerial Council on Mineral and Petroleum Resources.

          See SCER, Background, available: http://www.scer.gov.au/about-us/background/ (accessed 21 October 2012). 

[14]      SCER, Membership, available: www.scer.gov.au/about-us/membership/ (accessed 12 October 2012).

[15]      Economic Regulation Authority (Western Australia), 2011 Annual Wholesale Electricity Market Report for the Minister for Energy, 5 April 2012, p. 5.

[16]      Tasmania joined the NEM in 2005 and was physically interconnected by the Basslink undersea power cable in April 2006.

[17]      AEMO, An introduction to Australia's National Electricity Market, July 2012, p. 25.

[18]      Productivity Commission, Productivity Commission Issues Paper: Electricity network regulation, February 2012, available: www.pc.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0017/115541/electricity-issues-paper.pdf (accessed 11 October 2012), p. 8. 

[19]      Australian Energy Regulator (AER), State of the energy market: 2011, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC), Canberra, 2011, p. 25.

[20]      AER, State of the energy market: 2011, ACCC, Canberra, 2011, p. 25.

[21]      AEMO, An introduction to Australia's National Electricity Market, July 2012, p. 4.

[22]      AEMO, Pivotal to Australia's energy future, August 2012, p. 6.

[23]      Australian Energy Market Commission (AEMC), Relevant legislation, available: www.aemc.gov.au/electricity/legislation.html (accessed 14 October 2012).

[24]      AEMC, National Electricity Rules: Current rules, available: www.aemc.gov.au/Electricity/National-Electricity-Rules/Current-Rules.html (accessed 14 October 2012).

[25]      AEMC, National Electricity Rules: Current rules, available: http://www.aemc.gov.au/Electricity/National-Electricity-Rules/Current-Rules.html (accessed 24 October 2012).

[26]      AEMO, About AEMO: History, available: http://www.aemo.com.au/About-AEMO/History (accessed 21 October 2012). 

[27]      AEMO, An introduction to Australia's National Electricity Market, July 2012, p. 5.

[28]      AEMO, An introduction to Australia's National Electricity Market, July 2012, p. 5.

[29]      AEMO, An introduction to Australia's National Electricity Market, July 2012, p. 5.

[30]      AEMO, An introduction to Australia's National Electricity Market, July 2012, p. 5.

[31]      AEMO, Membership, available: www.aemo.com.au/About-AEMO/Membership (accessed 14 October 2012).

[32]      AER, AER's role in energy, available: www.aer.gov.au/node/1287 (accessed 25 October 2012).

[33]      National Energy Retail Law (South Australia) Act 2011.

[34]      DRET, Submission 61, pp 9–10.

[35]      AER, AER board, available: www.aer.gov.au/node/6021 (accessed 12 October 2012).

[36]      AEMC, Who we are, available: www.aemc.gov.au/about-us/who-we-are.html (accessed 14 October 2012).

[37]      AEMC, Submission 28, pp 1–2.

[38]      AEMC, Submission 28, p. 1. 

[39]      DRET, Submission 61, p. 7.

[40]      Horizon Power, About us, available: www.horizonpower.com.au/about_us.html (accessed 11 October 2012).

[41]      North West Interconnected System (NWIS), The NWIS, available: www.nwis.com.au/aboutus.html (accessed 14 October 2012).

[42]      Perth Energy, Markets and consumers, available: www.perthenergy.com.au/electricity-market-mainmenu-69/market-a-consumers-mainmenu-72 (accessed 15 October 2012)

[43]      Utilities Commission (Northern Territory), Annual Power System Review, December 2007, pp 4–5.

[44]      Bureau of Resources, Energy and Economics (BREE), Australian Energy Update 2012, August 2012, p. 31.

[45]      Independent Market Operator (IMO) (WA), Overview, available: www.imowa.com.au/wem_overview (accessed 11 October 2012).

[46]      Department of Finance (WA), Electricity in WA, available: www.finance.wa.gov.au/cms/content.aspx?id=15082 (accessed 12 October 2012).

[47]      Energy Action, NEM vs. SWIS, available: www.energyaction.com.au/nem-swis-comparison.html (accessed 14 October 2012).

[48]      Economic Regulation Authority (ERA) (WA), 2010/11 Annual Performance Report: Energy retailers, Perth, March 2012, p. 3.

[49]      IMO, History of IMO, available: www.imowa.com.au/history (accessed 12 October 2012).

[50]      Western Power, System management, available: www.westernpower.com.au/retailersgenerators/systemManagement/System_management_.html (accessed 25 October 2012).

[51]      ERA, Submission 81, p. 1.

[52]      ERA, Submission 81, p. 1.

[53]      Unless otherwise referenced, statistics in this section have been taken from Bureau of Resources, Energy and Economics (BREE), Energy in Australia 2012, February 2012.

[54]      A petajoule is a measure of energy equivalent to 1015 joules. One petajoule is the heat energy approximately equivalent to 43 000 tonnes of black coal or 29 million litres of petrol. See BREE, Energy in Australia 2012, February 2012, p. xii.

[55]      BREE, Australian Energy Update 2012, August 2012, pp 10–12.

[56]      BREE, Australian Energy Update 2012, August 2012, p. 12.

[57]      BREE, Energy in Australia 2012, February 2012, p. 35.

[58]      BREE, Energy in Australia 2012, February 2012, pp 35–36.

[59]      BREE, Energy in Australia 2012, February 2012, p. 52.

[60]      AEMO, An introduction to Australia's National Electricity Market, July 2012, p. 7.

[61]      BREE, Energy in Australia 2012, February 2012, p. 35.

[62]      AEMO, An introduction to Australia's National Electricity Market, July 2010, p. 4.

[63]      DRET, Fact Sheet Electricity Prices, August 2012, available: www.ret.gov.au/Department/Documents/clean-energy-future/ELECTRICITY-PRICES-FACTSHEET.pdf (accessed 15 October 2012), p. 2. 

[64]      Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Household energy use, September 2012, available: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4102.0Main+Features10Sep+2012 (accessed 29 October 2012).

[65]      Garnaut Climate Change Review, Update Paper 8: Transforming the electricity sector, March 2011, available: www.garnautreview.org.au/update-2011/update-papers/up8-transforming-electricity-sector.pdf (accessed 15 October 2012), p. 6. 

[66]      Reproduced from BREE, Energy in Australia 2012, August 2012, p. 32.

[67]      Reproduced from Energy Supply Association of Australia (ESAA), Fact Sheet Electricity Price Growth, p. 1.

[68]      BREE, Energy in Australia 2012, February 2012, p. 42.

[69]      BREE, Energy in Australia 2012, February 2012, p. 42.

[70]      DRET, Answer to question on notice, 25 September 2012, p. 2.

[71]      DRET, Answer to question on notice, 25 September 2012, p. 2.

[72]      DRET, Answer to question on notice, 25 September 2012, pp 2–4.

[73]      Prime Minister Julia Gillard, speech to the Energy Policy Institute of Australia, Electricity Prices: The Facts, 7 August 2012, p. 2.

[74]      DRET, Draft Energy White Paper, available: www.ret.gov.au/energy/facts/white_paper/draft-ewp-2011/Pages/Draft-Energy-White-Paper-2011.aspx (accessed 14 October 2012).

[75]      AER, State of the energy market: 2011, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC), Canberra, 2011, p. 59.

[76]      Prime Minister Julia Gillard, speech to the Energy Policy Institute of Australia, Electricity Prices: The Facts, 7 August 2012, p. 4.

[77]      Prime Minister Julia Gillard, speech to the Energy Policy Institute of Australia, Electricity Prices: The Facts, 7 August 2012, p. 8.

[78]      Prime Minister Julia Gillard, speech to the Energy Policy Institute of Australia, Electricity Prices: The Facts, 7 August 2012, p. 8.

[79]      Productivity Commission, Electricity Network Regulation, available: www.pc.gov.au/projects/inquiry/electricity (accessed 10 October 2012).

[80]      AEMC, Market reviews: Transmission frameworks review, available: www.aemc.gov.au/market-reviews/open/transmission-frameworks-review.html (accessed 10 October 2012).

[81]      AEM, Market reviews: Transmission frameworks review, available: www.aemc.gov.au/market-reviews/open/transmission-frameworks-review.html (accessed 10 October 2012).

[82]      AEMC, Power of choice—giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 16. 

[83]      AEMC, Review of distribution reliability outcomes and standards, available: www.aemc.gov.au/market-reviews/open/review-of-distribution-reliability-outcomes-and-standards-national-workstream.html (accessed 10 October 2012).

[84]      AEMC, Review of distribution reliability outcomes and standards, available: www.aemc.gov.au/market-reviews/open/review-of-distribution-reliability-outcomes-and-standards-national-workstream.html (accessed 10 October 2012).

[85]      AEMC, Review of electricity distribution reliability outcomes and standards, information sheet, 31 August 2012, p. 3.

[86]      DRET, Draft Energy White Paper 2011: Strengthening the foundations for Australia's energy future, Canberra, December 2011, available: www.ret.gov.au/energy/Documents/ewp/draft-ewp-2011/Draft-EWP.pdf (accessed 11 October 2012), p. iii.

[87]      DRET, Draft Energy White Paper 2011, available: www.ret.gov.au/energy/facts/white_paper/draft-ewp-2011/Pages/Draft-Energy-White-Paper-2011.aspx (accessed 11 October 2012).

[88]      SCER, Limited Merits Review, available: www.scer.gov.au/workstreams/energy-market-reform/limited-merits-review/ (accessed 10 October 2012).

[89]      Professor G. Yarrow, the Hon. M. Egan and Dr J. Tamblyn, Review of the Limited Merits Review Regime: Stage Two Report, 30 September 2012, available: https://scer.govspace.gov.au/files/2012/10/Review-of-the-Limited-Merits-Review-Stage-Two-Report.pdf (accessed 10 October 2012).

[90]      Garnaut Climate Change Review, Update paper 8: Transforming the electricity sector, 29 March 2011, available: www.garnautreview.org.au/update-2011/update-papers/up8-key-points.html (accessed 11 October 2012).

[91]      COAG, Communique Meeting, 25 July 2012, available: www.coag.gov.au/sites/default/files/FINAL%20COAG%20Communique%2025%20July%202012.pdf (accessed 10 October 2012), pp 2–3.

[92]      COAG, Communique Meeting, 25 July 2012, p. 2, available: www.coag.gov.au/sites/default/files/FINAL%20COAG%20Communique%2025%20July%202012.pdf (accessed 10 October 2012).

[93]      COAG, Communique Meeting, 25 July 2012, p. 2.

[94]      DRET, Submission 61, p. 5.

Chapter 3 - Price setting and key causes of electricity price increases

[1]        Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO), An Introduction to Australia's National Electricity Market, July 2010, p. 5.

[2]        AEMO, An Introduction to Australia's National Electricity Market, July 2010, p. 20.

[3]        Australian Energy Regulator (AER), State of the Energy Market 2011, p. 7.

[4]        AER, State of the Energy Market 2011, p. 7.

[5]        Plumb, M. and Davis, K., Reserve Bank of Australia Bulletin, Developments in Utilities Prices, December Quarter 2010.

[6]        See for example AER, State of the Energy Market 2011, p. 6 and Energy Networks Association (ENA), Fact Sheet, Why are energy network costs rising across Australia?

[7]        Reserve Bank of Australia, How are electricity prices set in Australia?, document released under FOI: Factors contributing to household cost of living pressure 101115, released 31 March 2011, p. 1.

[8]        Reproduced from Plumb, M. and Davis, K., Reserve Bank of Australia Bulletin, Developments in Utilities Prices, December Quarter 2010.

[9]        Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, pp 1–2.

[10]      Reproduced from DRET, Fact Sheet, Electricity Prices, August 2012, p. 1.

[11]      Australian Energy Market Commission (AEMC), Retail electricity price estimates 2010-2011 to 2013-2014, December 2011, p. 2.

[12]      Large-scale Renewable Energy Target, available: http://ret.cleanenergyregulator.gov.au/About-the-Schemes/Large-scale-Renewable-Energy-Target--LRET-/about-lret.

[13]      Small-scale Renewable Energy Scheme, available: http://ret.cleanenergyregulator.gov.au/About-the-Schemes/Small-scale-Renewable-Energy-Scheme--SRES-/about-sres.

[14]      See for example AER, AER institutes proceedings against Queensland generator Stanwell, available: http://www.aer.gov.au/node/16004 (accessed 20 September 2012).

[15]      See for example Figure 8 and Philip Lowe, Deputy Governor, Reserve Bank of Australia, The Changing Structure of the Australian Economy and Monetary Policy, Graph 2.

[16]      Professor Stuart White, Director Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 27.

[17]      Mr Tim Reardon, Executive Director, National Generators Forum (NGF), Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 38.

[18]      Mr Andrew Reeves, Chairman, AER, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 3.

[19]      Mr Edward Willett, Board Member, AER, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 3.

[20]      Mr Darren Busine, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Energex Limited, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 27.

[21]      Energy Networks Australia, Why are energy network costs rising across Australia?, p. 2.

[22]      Productivity Commission, Draft Report: Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p. 2.

[23]      Mr Damien Moyse, Energy Projects and Policy Manager, Alternative Technology Association (ATA), Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 1.

[24]      Mr Cameron O'Reilly, Chief Executive Officer, Energy Retailers Association of Australia (ERAA), Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 21.

[25]      Dr Peter Burn, Director, Public Policy, Australian Industry Group (Ai Group), Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 42.

[26]      Mr Matthew Warren, Chief Executive Officer, ESAA, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 43. 

[27]      CEC, Submission 74, p. 2. 

[28]      Mr Peter McIntyre, Chairman, Grid Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 41.

[29]      Topp, V. and Kulys, T., Productivity Commission staff working paper, Productivity in Electricity, Gas and Water: Measurement and Interpretation. March 2012, p. 48.

[30]      Mr Bruce Robertson, Manning Alliance, Submission 33.

[31]      AER, Seasonal peak demand occurrence (region), available: http://www.aer.gov.au/node/12051, (accessed 22 October 2012).

[32]      Mr Tim Reardon, Executive Director, NGF, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 38.

[33]      Major Energy Users Inc. Comments on the AEMC Technical Paper provided by NERA on Estimating Long Run Marginal Cost in the National Electricity Market, February 2012, p. 4.

[34]      Professor Alan Pears AM, Submission 15, p. 5.

[35]      AEMC, Information Sheet: Potential generator market power consultation paper, April 2011, p. 1.

[36]      AEMC, Information Sheet: Potential generator market power draft determination, June 2012, p. 1.

[37]      Joskow, P., and Tirole, J., Transmission Rights and Market Power on Electric Power Networks II: Physical Rights, December 1998, p. 4.

[38]      Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 1.

[39]      Mr Cameron O'Reilly, Chief Executive Officer, ERAA, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 19.

[40]      NSW Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal (IPART), Fact Sheet, Changes in regulated electricity prices from 1 July 2012, p. 3.

[41]      Dr Iain MacGill, Joint Director (Engineering), Centre of Energy and Environment Markets, University of New South Wales, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 27.

[42]      Mr Damien Moyse, Energy Projects and Policy Manager, ATA, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, pp 7–8.

[43]      Mr Cameron O'Reilly, Chief Executive Officer, ERAA, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 19.

[44]      Mr Cameron O'Reilly, Chief Executive Officer, ERAA, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 19.

[45]      Mr Damien Moyse, Energy Projects and Policy Manager, ATA, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, pp 7–8.

[46]      Mr John Pierce, Chairman, AEMC, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 17.

[47]      ABS 81550DO001_2-1-11 Australian industry, 2010-11.

[48]      ABS, 6401.0 Consumer Price Index, Australia, table 11, CPI: Group, sub-group and expenditure class, index numbers by capital city.

[49]      Mr Nino Ficca, Managing Director, SP AusNet, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 19.

[50]      ENA, Why are energy network costs rising across Australia?, p. 5.

[51]      Mr Ian McLeod, Chief Executive, Ergon Energy Corporation Limited, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 36.

[52]      Mr Darren Busine, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Energex Limited, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 36.

[53]      Topp, V. and Kulys, T., Productivity Commission staff working paper, Productivity in Electricity, Gas and Water: Measurement and Interpretation. March 2012, p. 31.

[54]      ABS, Labour force Australia—detailed quarterly, August 2012, catalogue no. 6291.0.55.003. 

[55]      Topp, V. and Kulys, T., Productivity Commission staff working paper, Productivity in Electricity, Gas and Water: Measurement and Interpretation. March 2012, p. 63.

[56]      Plumb, M. and Davis, K., Reserve Bank of Australia Bulletin, Developments in Utilities Prices, December Quarter 2010.

[57]      Ms Anne Nolan, Director General, Department of Finance (WA), Proof Committee Hansard, 2 October 2012, p. 2.

[58]      Mr Matthew Warren, Chief Executive Officer, ESAA, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 49.

[59]      Mr John Pierce, Chairman, AEMC, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 14.

[60]      Mr Tennant Reed, Principal National Adviser, Public Policy, Ai Group, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 45.

[61]      Mr Darren Busine, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Energex Limited, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 27.

[62]      DRET, Fact Sheet: Electricity Prices, August 2012, p. 1, 3; see also ENA, Why are energy network costs rising across Australia?, p. 4.

[63]      Mr Andrew Reeves, Chairman, AER, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 4.

[64]      Topp, V. and Kulys, T., Productivity Commission staff working paper, Productivity in Electricity, Gas and Water: Measurement and Interpretation. March 2012, p. 52.

[65]      Reproduced from: Topp, V. and Kulys, T., Productivity Commission staff working paper, Productivity in Electricity, Gas and Water: Measurement and Interpretation. March 2012, p. 52.

[66]      DRET, Fact Sheet: Electricity Prices, August 2012, p. 1 and 3.

[67]      DRET, Fact Sheet: Electricity Prices, August 2012, p. 3.

[68]      Mr Ian McLeod, Chief Executive, Ergon Energy Corporation Limited, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 28.

[69]      Prime Minister Julia Gillard, speech to the Energy Policy Institute of Australia, Electricity Prices: The Facts, 7 August 2012, p. 3.

[70]      Topp, V. and Kulys, T., Productivity Commission staff working paper, Productivity in Electricity, Gas and Water: Measurement and Interpretation. March 2012, pp 52–55.

[71]      IPART, Fact Sheet: Changes in regulated electricity prices from 1 July 2012, p. 3.

[72]      Consumer Action Law Centre (CALC), Submission 24, p. 1.

[73]      DRET, Fact Sheet: Electricity Prices, August 2012, p. 2.

[74]      Garnaut Climate Change Review, Update Paper 8: Transforming the electricity sector, March 2011, p. 6.

[75]      DRET, Answer to question on notice, 7 September 2012 (received 21 September 2012).

[76]      Reproduced from DRET, Fact Sheet: Electricity Prices, August 2012, p. 2.

[77]      Mr Andrew Reeves, Chairman, AER, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 1.

[78]      Mr John Pierce, Chairman, AEMC, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 12.

[79]      Mr Bruce Mountain, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 24.

[80]      Mr John Pierce, Chairman, AEMc, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 17.

[81]      Total Environment Centre (TEC), Submission 72, p. 6.

[82]      Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 2.

[83]      Mr Bradford Archer, First Assistant Secretary, Energy Markets and Policy Coordination Division, Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 4.

[84]      TEC, Submission 72, p. 6.

[85]      Mr Ian McLeod, Chief Executive, Ergon Energy Corporation Limited, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 27.

[86]      AER, State of the Energy Market 2011, p. 9. See also DRET, Submission 61, p. 26.

[87]      AER, State of the Energy Market 2011, p. 7.

[88]      Mr Andrew Reeves, Chairman, AER, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 2.

[89]      DRET, Answer to question on notice, 7 September 2012 (received 21 September 2012).

[90]      Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 2.

[91]      DRET, Submission 61, pp 26–27, 28.

[92]      Prime Minister Julia Gillard, speech to the Energy Policy Institute of Australia, Electricity Prices: The Facts, 7 August 2012, p. 5.

[93]      EUAA, Australian Electricity Price Hyper-Inflation: EUAA Executive Director's Presentation to Australian Economic Forum, 23 July 2012.

[94]      NSW government, Budget Statement 2012–13, available: http://www.budget.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/18296/bp2_Ch5.pdf, (accessed 12 September 2012), pp 5–18.

[95]      NSW government, Budget Statement 2012–13, pp 5-18.

[96]      NSW government, Budget Statement 2012–13, pp 5-18.

[97]      Louise Hall, 'Carbon tax not dividends behind rising power bills, says Treasurer', The Sydney Morning Herald, 12 August 2012, available: http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/carbon-tax-not-dividends-behind-rising-power-bills-says-treasurer-20120812-242e8.html, (accessed 12 September 2012).

[98]      Queensland government, Budget Strategy and Outlook, p. 129.

[99]      Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 5.

[100]    Mr Riccardo Brazzale, President, REC Agents Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 9.

[101]    Professor Stuart White, Director Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology, Sydney (UTS), Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 28.

[102]    Mr Tennant  Reed, Principal National Adviser, Public Policy, Ai Group,  Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 43.

[103]    Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 2.

[104]    Mr Tim Reardon, Executive Director, NGF, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 42.

[105]    Prime Minister Julia Gillard, Speech to the Energy Policy Institute of Australia, Electricity Prices: The Facts, 7 August 2012, p. 2.

[106]    Mr Paul Smith, Acting Chief Executive, AEMC, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 15.

[107]    Dr Ray Challen, Deputy Director General, Public Utilities Office, Department of Finance (WA), Proof Committee Hansard, 2 October 2012, p. 5. 

[108]    Mr Greg Watkinson, Chief Executive Officer, Economic Regulation Authority (WA), Proof Committee Hansard, 2 October 2012, p. 16. 

[109]    Mr Brian Green, Chairman, EUAA, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 26. 

[110]    Productivity Commission, Draft Report: Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p. 4.

[111]    Prime Minister Julia Gillard, Speech to the Energy Policy Institute of Australia, Electricity Prices: The Facts, 7 August 2012, p. 5.

[112]    AER, State of the Energy Market 2011, p. 7.

[113]    Mr Brendan Morling, Head, Energy Division, DRET, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 2.

[114]    Dr Ray Challen, Deputy Director General, Public Utilities Officer, Department of Finance (WA), Proof Committee Hansard, 2 October 2021, p. 4. 

[115]    TEC, Submission 72, p. 4.

[116]    Mr David Swift, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO), Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 8.

[117]    Mr David Swift, Acting Chief Executive Officer, AEMO, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 8.

[118]    Professor Stuart White, Director Institute for Sustainable Futures, UTS, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 26.

[119]    Professor Stuart White, Director Institute for Sustainable Futures, UTS, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 30.

[120]    AER, State of the Energy Market 2011, p. 62.

[121]    AER, State of the Energy Market 2011, p. 63. 

[122]    Mr Nino Ficca, Managing Director, SP AusNet, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 19.

[123]    Mr Peter McIntyre, Chairman, Grid Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 34.

[124]    Mr Peter McIntyre, Chairman, Grid Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 34.

[125]    Mr Darren Busine, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Energex Limited, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 27.

[126]    Dr Malcolm Roberts, Chief Executive, ENA, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 23.

[127]    Engineers Australia, Submission 10, p. 5, based on analysis by Simshauser and Laochumnanvanit, the price suppression domino effect and the political economy of regulating retail electricity prices in a rising cost environment, AGL Applied Economic and Policy Research Working Paper No 20, 2011.

[128]    Dr Paul Troughton, Manager of Regulatory Affairs, EnerNOC Pty Ltd, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 71. 

[129]    Productivity Commission, Draft Report: Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p. 3.

[130]    Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, pp 1–2.

[131]    Mr Brendan Morling, Head, Energy Division, DRET, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 2.

[132]    Although the committee notes this is the subject of conjecture: see paragraphs 3.22–3.25.

[133]    Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, pp 1–2.

[134]    Mr Damien Moyse, Energy Projects and Policy Manager, ATA, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 1.

[135]    CALC, Submission 24, p. 2.

[136]    Productivity Commission, Draft Report: Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p. 2.

Chapter 4 - Regulation of the electricity market

[1]        Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism (DRET), Australian Energy Market Agreement, June 2004, available: www.ret.gov.au/Documents/mce/_documents/IGA_FINAL_%2830JUNE2004%292004071310032320041112162849.pdf (accessed 12 October 2012), p. 6. 

[2]        The National Electricity Law is a schedule of the National Electricity (South Australia) Act 1996. It is also applied, by virtue of jurisdictional Application Acts, as a law in each of the jurisdictions that participate in the National Electricity Market (NEM).

[3]        Information in this section has been drawn from Australian Energy Regulator (AER), State of the energy market: 2011, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC), Canberra, 2011, pp 53–63.

[4]        National Electricity Law (NEL), section 7A.

[5]        Australian Energy Market Commission (AEMC), National Electricity Rules: Version 51, available: www.aemc.gov.au/Electricity/National-Electricity-Rules/Current-Rules.html (accessed 16 October 2012), pp 591–780.

[6]        AER, State of the energy market: 2011, ACCC, Canberra, 2011, p. 57.

[7]        SCER, Limited Merits Review, available: www.scer.gov.au/workstreams/energy-market-reform/limited-merits-review/ (accessed 16 October 2012).

[8]        Electricity Networks Association (ENA), Submission to the Limited Merits Review, http://www.scer.gov.au/files/2012/06/ENA-Supplementary-Letter-and-Submission-Tribunal-Review-Summary-22-June-2012.pdf (accessed 29 October 2012).

[9]        For example see Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal (IPART) NSW, Submission 28, p. 4; Origin, Submission 47, p. 3; Alinta Energy, Submission 49, p. 1; EnerNOC, Submission 50, p. 1; and Energy Users Association of Australia (EUAA), Submission 56, p. 1; and Mr Andrew Reeves, Chairman, AER, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 1.

[10]      IPART, Submission 35, p. 4.

[11]      Consumer Action Law Centre (CALC), Submission 24, pp 1–2.

[12]      Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 1.

[13]      Mr Andrew Reeves, Chairman, AER, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 1.

[14]      For example see Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 1; AEMO, Submission 39, p. 3; Mr Andrew Reeves, Chairman, AER, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 1; Mr Robert Murray-Leach, Chief Executive Officer, Energy Efficiency Council (EEC), Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, pp 60–61; and Mr Bruce Mountain, Submission 38, p. 4.

[15]      Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 1.

[16]      Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 2.

[17]      Ms Catriona Lowe, Co-Chief Executive Officer, CALC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 33.

[18]      Mr Bruce Mountain, Submission 38, p. 21.

[19]      Mr Bruce Mountain, Submission 38, pp 22–23.

[20]      Mr Bruce Mountain, Submission 38, p. 23.

[21]      For example see Grid Australia, Submission 51, p. 6; and Dr Malcolm Roberts, Chief Executive, ENA, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 23.

[22]      For example see Dr Malcolm Roberts, Chief Executive, ENA, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 23.

[23]      Mr Peter McIntyre, Chairman, Grid Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 35. 

[24]      Grid Australia, Submission 51, p. 6.

[25]      Grid Australia, Submission 51, p. 7.

[26]      Dr Malcolm Roberts, Chief Executive, ENA, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 25.

[27]      ENA, Submission 64, p. 1.

[28]      ENA, Submission 64, p. 1.

[29]      Australian Energy Market Commission (AEMC), Power of Choice – giving consumers option in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 127.

[30]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers option in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 127, from the AER, Preliminary positions, Framework and Approach Paper for NSW Distribution businesses, June 2012, p.55.

[31]      See for example Mr Andrew Reeves, Chairman, AER, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 4; Mr Nino Ficca, Managing Director, SP AusNet, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 13; and Dr Malcolm Roberts, Chief Executive, ENA, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 23. 

[32]      Mr Peter McIntyre, Chairman, Grid Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 41.

[33]      Dr Malcolm Roberts, Chief Executive, ENA, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, pp 23 and 30.

[34]      Mr Nino Ficca, Managing Director, SP AusNet, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 13.

[35]      Mr Darren Busine, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Energex Ltd, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 27.

[36]      Mr Ian McLeod, Chief Executive, Ergon Energy Corporation Ltd, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 28.

[37]      Ms Carolyn Hodge, Senior Policy Officer, Energy and Water Consumers' Advocacy Program, PIAC, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 61. 

[38]      IPART, Submission 35, p. 7. 

[39]      Mr Brendan Morling, Head, Energy Division, Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism (DRET), Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 70.

[40]      AEMO, Submission 39, p. 3.

[41]      Dr Paul Troughton, Manager of Regulatory Affairs, EnerNOC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 68.

[42]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers option in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 127.

[43]      Economic Regulation Authority (ERA) (WA), Submission 81, p. 3.

[44]      See Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 3; and Mr Andrew Reeves, Chairman, AER, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, pp 1–2.

[45]      Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 3.

[46]      AER, Answer to written question on notice, pp 3–4. 

[47]      AER, Answers to written questions on notice, pp 3–4. 

[48]      See for example Mr Brian Green, Chairman, EUAA, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 27; EUAA, Submission 55, p. 1; and IPART, Submission 35, p. 6. 

[49]      Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 2.

[50]      Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 2.

[51]      IPART, Submission 35, p. 6.

[52]      IPART, Submission 35, p. 6.

[53]      IPART, Submission 35, p. 6.

[54]      IPART, Submission 35, p. 6.

[55]      Professor G. Yarrow, the Hon. M. Egan and Dr J. Tamblyn, Review of the Limited Merits Review Regime: Stage Two Report, 30 September 2012.

[56]      Professor G. Yarrow, the Hon. M. Egan and Dr J. Tamblyn, Review of the Limited Merits Review Regime: Stage Two Report, 30 September 2012, pp 37–56.

[57]      Grid Australia, Submission 52, p. 6.

[58]      Mr Peter McIntyre, Chairman, Grid Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 35.

[59]      Mr Peter McIntyre, Chairman, Grid Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 39.

[60]      Dr Paul Troughton, Manager of Regulatory Affairs, EnerNOC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 71.

[61]      Dr Mark Byrne, Energy Market Advocate, Total Environment Centre (TEC), Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 50.

[62]      Mr Peter Price, Executive General Manager, Network Performance, Energex Ltd, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 39. 

[63]       Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 5.

[64]       Mr Andrew Reeves, Chairman, AER, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 4.

[65]      NEL, section 7.

[66]      See TEC, Submission 72, pp 14–15; Professor Stuart White, Director, Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Proof Committee Hansard, 25 October 2012, p. 26; and Dr Paul Troughton, Manager of Regulatory Affairs, EnerNOC Pty Ltd, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, pp 70–71. 

[67]      TEC, Submission 72, pp 14–15. 

[68]      Mr John Pierce, Chairman, AEMC, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 16. 

Chapter 5 - Demand

[1]        See for example Professor Stuart White, Director, Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 26; Dr Ian MacGill, 25 September 2012, p. 31; Mr Peter McIntyre, Chairman, Grid Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, pp 34 and 35; Dr Peter Burn, Director, Public Policy, Australian Industry Group (Ai Group), Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 42; Mr Andrew Reeves, Chairman, Australian Energy Regulator (AER), Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 1; Mr Nino Ficca, Managing Director, SP AusNet, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 13 and Ms Catriona Lowe, Co-Chief Executive Officer, Consumer Action Law Centre (CALC), Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012. 

[2]        Victorian electricity distribution businesses, Submission 55, p. 13.

[3]        Victorian electricity distribution businesses, Submission 55, p. 13.

[4]        Energy Supply Association of Australia (ESAA), Submission 76, p. 5.

[5]        Productivity Commission, Electricity Network Regulation Issues Paper, 23 February 2012, p. 29.

[6]        Mr Bruce Robertson, Manning Alliance, Submission 33.

[7]        Productivity Commission, Draft Report: Electricity Networks Regulatory Framework, October 2012, pp 318–319. 

[8]        See for example Productivity Commission, Draft Report: Electricity Networks Regulatory Framework, October 2012 and Australian Energy Market Commission (AEMC), Power of choice—giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012.

[9]        Productivity Commission, Draft Report: Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p. 301. 

[10]      ESAA, Submission 76, p. 6.

[11]      Victorian electricity distribution businesses, Submission 55, p. 6. 

[12]      Ms Caitlin Whiteman, Research and Policy Advocate, Consumer Utilities Advocacy Centre (CUAC), Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 35. 

[13]      Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 3. 

[14]      Also referred to as time variable pricing, time varying pricing and time of use pricing.

[15]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 83.

[16]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 84.

[17]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 85.

[18]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 85.

[19]      Department of Primary Industries (DPI) (Victoria), About Smart Meters, available: http://www.dpi.vic.gov.au/smart-meters/about-smart-meters (accessed 31 August 2012) and Premier of New South Wales, Smart Meters – Fact Sheet, available: http://www.savepower.nsw.gov.au/Portals/0/docs/news/Media07121202.pdf (accessed 3 September 2012).

          In Victoria, electricity companies Origin Energy and Jemena have launched smart meter compatible web portals, and United Energy is currently trialling a portal.
DPI (Victoria), Smart Meter web portals launched, available: http://www.dpi.vic.gov.au/smart-meters/home/latest-news/smart-meter-web-portals-launch (accessed 18 September 2012).

[20]      DPI (Victoria), About Smart Meters, available: http://www.dpi.vic.gov.au/smart-meters/about-smart-meters (accessed 31 August 2012) and Premier of New South Wales, Smart Meters – Fact Sheet, available: http://www.savepower.nsw.gov.au/Portals/0/docs/news/Media07121202.pdf (accessed 3 September 2012).

[21]      The Hon Michael O'Brien MP, 'Greater pricing choice for Victorian energy consumers', media release, 26 September 2012.

[22]      Energy Safe Victoria, Safety of Advanced Metering Infrastructure in Victoria, 31 July 2012, p. 5.

[23]      Victorian electricity distribution businesses, Submission 55, pp 7, 13.  

[24]      In the same way as consumers pay for older accumulation meters and other electricity infrastructure, the cost of supplying, installing and operating a smart meter is charged to the consumer and paid for over time via supply charges (see for example AGL, Smart meter FAQs, available: http://www.agl.com.au/home/smart-meters/Pages/smart-meter-faqs.aspx and SP Ausnet, Questions and Answers—Smart Meter Program, available: http://www.sp-ausnet.com.au/?id=101010096D44FB3497B84DDCA2579D1001CAD35 (accessed 25 October 2012)).

[25]      See for example Mathew Murphy, 'New meter roll-out may leave sweltering consumers smarting', The Age, 31 January 2009; Stephen McMahon, 'Power bills and bottom lines to rise under smart metering', Herald Sun, 12 November 2009; and Cameron Houston, 'Surge in electric hostility', Sunday Age, 14 August 2011.

[26]      Mr Cameron O'Reilly, Chief Executive Officer, Energy Retailers Association of Australia (ERAA), Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, pp 21–22. 

[27]      Victorian electricity distribution businesses, Submission 55, p. 8.

[28]      Ausgrid will be working with consortium partners IBM Australia, GE Energy Australia, Sydney Water and Newcastle City Council.

[29]      Smart Grid, Smart City, About Smart Grid, Smart City, available: available: http://www.smartgridsmartcity.com.au/About-Smart-Grid-Smart-City.aspx (accessed 19 October 2012).

[30]      Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism (DRET), Smart Grid, Smart City, available: http://www.ret.gov.au/energy/energy_programs/smartgrid/Pages/default.aspx, (accessed 18 September 2012).

[31]      DRET, Smart Grid, Smart City, available: http://www.ret.gov.au/energy/energy_programs/smartgrid/Pages/default.aspx, (accessed 18 September 2012).

[32]      See for example Mr Ric Brazzale, President, REC Agents Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 10; Ms Carolyn Hodge, Senior Policy Officer, Energy and Water Consumers' Advocacy Program, Public Interest Advocacy Centre (PIAC), Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 59; Mr Matt Levey, Head of Campaigns, CHOICE, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 59; Ms Catriona Lowe, Co-Chief Executive Officer, CALC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 33; Mr David Swift, Acting Chief Executive Officer, AEMO, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, pp 9–10; and Mr Peter Bryant, General Manager, AMI Services, Citipower and Powercor Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 14.

[33]      Productivity Commission, Draft Report: Electricity Network Regulatory Framework, October 2012, p. 321. 

[34]      Productivity Commission, Draft Report: Electricity Network Regulatory Framework, October 2012, p. 321. 

[35]      Productivity Commission, Draft Report: Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p. 399.

[36]      Productivity Commission, Draft Report: Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p. 399.

[37]      Productivity Commission, Draft Report: Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p. 401.

[38]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 85.

[39]      EnerNOC, Submission 50, p. 5. 

[40]      Ms Carolyn Hodge, Senior Policy Officer, Energy and Water Consumers' Advocacy Program, PIAC, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012.

[41]      Dr Mark Byrne, Energy Market Advocate, Total Environment Centre (TEC), Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 49.

[42]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 82. 

[43]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 82. 

[44]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 82.

[45]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 44.

[46]      SCER, SCER statement on smart meters for small customers: future directions, 8 June 2012, p. 4. 

[47]      SCER, SCER statement on smart meters for small customers: future directions, 8 June 2012, p. 4. 

[48]      SCER, SCER statement on smart meters for small customers: future directions, 8 June 2012, p. 4.

[49]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 100.

[50]      AEMC, Power of choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 95.

[51]      Mr Peter Bryant, General Manager, AMI Services, Citipower and Powercor Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 15.

[52]      Ms Catriona Lowe, Co-Chief Executive Officer, CALC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 36.

[53]      Mr Matt Levey, Head of Campaigns, CHOICE, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 59. 

[54]      AEMC, Power of choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 92.

[55]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 58.

[56]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 60.

[57]      The AEMC noted that a method would need to be developed to calculate the baseline figure (see pp 60, 66–69).

[58]      The AEMC identified that a new market participant categorised as a sub-category of market generator would be required to facilitate this mechanism. It asserted this was a 'reasonable' categorisation given that demand resources would participate in the wholesale market in an analogous manner to generation.

          AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, pp 59 and 71.

[59]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 59.

[60]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, pp 64–65.

[61]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 61.

[62]      Dr Paul Troughton, Manager of Regulatory Affairs, EnerNOC Pty Ltd, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 67. 

[63]      Dr Paul Troughton, Manager of Regulatory Affairs, EnerNOC Pty Ltd, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 67. 

[64]      Dr Paul Troughton, Manager of Regulatory Affairs, EnerNOC Pty Ltd, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 67. 

[65]      Mr Andrew Reeves, Chairman, AER, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 6.

[66]      Dr Paul Troughton, Manager of Regulatory Affairs, EnerNOC Pty Ltd, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 68.

[67]      Energy Efficiency Council (EEC), Submission 75, p. 11.

[68]      EEC, Submission 75, p. 11.

[69]      See for example CHOICE, Submission 73, pp 15–16 ; EEC, Submission 75, pp 8–9; Ethnic Communities Council of NSW, Submission 11, pp 1 and 3; Mr Terry McConnell, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 23; Ms Caitlin Whiteman, Research and Policy Advocate, Consumer Utilities Advocacy Centre (CUAC), Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 35; Mr Christopher Zinn, Director, Campaigns, One Big Switch, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 10; and Professor Ray Wills, Chief Adviser, Sustainable Energy Association of Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 2 October 2012, p. 42. 

[70]      Mr Terry McConnell, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 23. 

[71]      CHOICE, Submission 73, p. 9. 

[72]      CHOICE, Submission 73, p. 15. 

[73]      Commonwealth government, Budget Paper No. 2, 8 May 2012,  p. 263. 

[74]      CHOICE, Submission 73, p. 15.

[75]      Ms Caitlin Whiteman, Research and Policy Advocate, CUAC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 35. 

[76]      Mr Christopher Zinn, Director, Campaigns, One Big Switch, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 10.

[77]      EEC, Submission 75, p. 8.

[78]      EEC, Submission 75, pp 8–9. 

[79]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 18.

[80]      Mr Terry McConnell, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 23.

[81]      Mr Cameron O'Reilly, Chief Executive Officer, ERAA, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 25. 

[82]      AEMC, Power of choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 86.

[83]      Futura Consulting, 'Investigation of existing and plausible future demand side participation in the electricity market', December 2011, p. 88 from the AEMC, Power of choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 86.

[84]      AEMC, Power of choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 39

[85]      Mr Christopher Zinn, Directors, Campaigns, One Big Switch, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 15.

[86]      Ms Catriona Lowe, Co-Chief Executive Officer, CALC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 34.

[87]      Ms Catriona Lowe, Co-Chief Executive Officer, CALC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 34.

[88]      Mr Matthew Warren, Chief Executive Officer, ESAA, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 44. 

[89]      SA Power Networks (previously the Electricity Trust of South Australia – ETSA Utilities) is the operator of the South Australian electricity distribution network. ETSA Utilities changed its name to SA Power Networks effective 3 September 2012.

[90]      AEMC, Power of choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, pp 117–118.

[91]      'South Australia has the "peakiest" electricity demand of any state in Australia, and a peak demand that is among the worst in the world.' This is mainly attributed to the use of air conditioning in more than 90 per cent of SA homes. In 2005, the Essential Services Commission of SA delegated a $20.4 million budget to SA Power Networks to conduct a five-year demand management research and development project which includes the direct load control trial.

          SA Power Networks, Demand management, http://www.sapowernetworks.com.au/centric/industry/our_network/demand_management.jsp, (accessed 17 September 2012).

[92]      AEMC, Power of choice – giving consumers options in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 118.

          Energex, Rewards for air-conditioning, pools and hot water, http://www.energex.com.au/sustainability/sustainability-rewards-programs, (accessed 17 September 2012).

[93]      ESAA, Submission 76, p. 10.

[94]      A. Talberg and I. McCluskey, Bills Digest No.4 2012-13: Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards Bill 2012, 14 August 2012, p. 4, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/download/legislation/billsdgs/1847699/upload_binary/1847699.pdf (accessed 14 September 2012).

[95]      Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES), Technology: Toward a low emissions future, ABARES Research Report 07.16, ABARES, Canberra, September 2007, p. 7, http://adl.brs.gov.au/data/warehouse/pe_abare99001392/rr07_16_low_emissions.indd.pdf (accessed 14 September 2012).

[96]      ACT Greens, Submission 1, pp 1–2.

[97]      ClimateWorks Australia, Submission 20, p. 1.

[98]      Mr Matthew Warren, Chief Executive Officer, ESAA, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, pp 49–50. 

[99]      Commonwealth government, Securing a clean energy future: The Australian government's climate change plan, Canberra, 2011, available: http://www.cleanenergyfuture.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/CleanEnergyPlan-20120628-3.pdf (accessed 14 September 2012), p. 80.

[100]    Commonwealth government, Securing a clean energy future: The Australian government's climate change plan, Canberra, 2011, available: http://www.cleanenergyfuture.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/CleanEnergyPlan-20120628-3.pdf (accessed 14 September 2012), p. 80.

[101]    Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards Bill 2012, section 2. 

[102]    The Hon Mark Dreyfus QC MP, Parliamentary Secretary for Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, 'New Australian Energy Efficiency Framework forecast to save $5.2 billion in 2020 for households and business', Media release MD 12/44, 13 September 2012, available: http://www.climatechange.gov.au/~/media/Files/minister/dreyfus/2012/media/Dreyfus-MediaRelease-12-44.pdf, (accessed 17 September 2012).

[103]    Commonwealth government, Securing a clean energy future: The Australian government's climate change plan, Canberra, 2011, pp 80–81, http://www.cleanenergyfuture.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/CleanEnergyPlan-20120628-3.pdf (accessed 14 September 2012).

[104]    DRET, National Energy Savings Initiative, available: http://www.ret.gov.au/energy/efficiency/savings/Pages/nesi-index.aspx, (accessed 17 September 2012).

[105]    This would equate to using more that $3–4 million for gas, $6–11 million for electricity or $18–21 million for diesel fuel.

[106]    DRET, Energy Efficiencies Opportunities: About the program, available: http://www.ret.gov.au/energy/efficiency/eeo/about/Pages/default.aspx, (accessed 17 September 2012).

[107]    DCCEE, Energy Efficiency Information Grants Program Factsheet, available: http://www.climatechange.gov.au/government/initiatives/energy-efficiency-information-grants/factsheet.aspx, (accessed 17 September 2012).

[108]    DCCEE, Community Energy Efficiency Program, available: http://www.climatechange.gov.au/government/initiatives/ceep.aspx, (accessed 17 September 2012).

[109]    DCCEE, Low Income Energy Efficiency Program, available: http://www.climatechange.gov.au/government/initiatives/lieep.aspx, (accessed 17 September 2012).

[110]    Clean Energy Council (CEC), Energy Efficiency, available: http://www.cleanenergycouncil.org.au/technologies/energyefficiency.html, (accessed 17 September 2012).

[111]    The ESS assists households and businesses to reduce electricity consumption and electricity costs using energy savings certificates as the 'currency' for the scheme. Households are assisted through Accredited Certificate Providers offering equipment to householders at a reduced cost; the savings are then transferred from the householder to the business which then creates energy savings certificates. Businesses can benefit when they invest in better technology to reduce their energy use as electricity retailers are required by law to then issue the business with energy savings certificates.

          Energy Savings Scheme, Overview of the scheme, http://www.ess.nsw.gov.au/Overview_of_the_scheme, (accessed 17 September 2012).

[112]    REES commenced on 1 January 2009 and requires retailers with over 5000 electricity or gas residential customers to provide incentives to households to lower their energy bills through reduced energy consumption. REES allows for a number of low-income households to have access to energy audits, other incentives include the installation of Compact Flourescent Lamps and ceiling insulation.

          Essential Services Commission of South Australia, Residential Energy Efficiency Scheme, http://www.escosa.sa.gov.au/consumer-information/residential-energy-efficiency-scheme.aspx, (accessed 17 September 2012).

[113]    VEET commenced on 1 January 2009 under the Victorian Energy Efficiency Target Act 2007. Under the scheme, accredited businesses can offer discounts and special offers on selected energy savings products at homes and businesses. Prescribed activities in the scheme include installation of high efficiency hot water systems, air heater/coolers, lighting, draught proofing, window treatments and purchase of efficiency appliances.

          Essential Services Commission, Victorian Energy Efficiency Target, https://www.veet.vic.gov.au/Public/Public.aspx?id=Home, (accessed 17 September 2012).

[114]    DRET, Submission 61, p. 33.

[115]    Also known as distributed or decentralised generation. 

[116]    Clean Energy Council (CEC), available: http://www.cleanenergycouncil.org.au/technologies/cogeneration.html (accessed 16 October 2012).

[117]    CEC, available: http://www.cleanenergycouncil.org.au/technologies/cogeneration.html (accessed 16 October 2012).

[118]    Mr Robert Murray-Leach, Chief Executive Officer, Energy Efficiency Council (EEC), Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 63.

[119]    CEC, available: http://www.cleanenergycouncil.org.au/technologies/cogeneration.html (accessed 16 October 2012).

[120]    CEC, available: http://www.cleanenergycouncil.org.au/technologies/cogeneration.html (accessed 16 October 2012).

[121]    Department of Primary Industries (DPI) (Victoria), available: http://www.dpi.vic.gov.au/energy/sustainable-energy/low-emissions-coal-and-gas/cogeneration (accessed 16 October 2012).

[122]    Margaret McDonald, Low Carbon Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 19.

[123]    Mr Robert Murray-Leach, Chief Executive Officer, EEC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 63.

[124]    Mr Robert Murray-Leach, Chief Executive Officer, EEC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 63.

[125]    EEC, Submission, 75, p. 18.

[126]    Mr Robert Murray-Leach, Chief Executive Officer, EEC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 63.

[127]    Mr Robert Murray-Leach, Chief Executive Officer, EEC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 63.

[128]    Mr Robert Murray-Leach, Energy Efficiency Council, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 63.

[129]    Mr Russell Marsh, Director of Policy, CEC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 52.

[130]    AEMC, Market Reviews: Transmission Frameworks Review, available: http://www.aemc.gov.au/market-reviews/open/transmission-frameworks-review.html (accessed 29 October 2012). 

[131]    Mr Russell Marsh, Director of Policy, CEC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, pp 52–53. 

[132]    Mr Robert Murray-Leach, Chief Executive Officer, EEC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 65.

[133]    EEC, Submission 75, p. 2. 

[134]    EEC, Submission 75, Attachment 1, p. 6. 

[135]    EEC, Submission 75, Attachment 1, p. 2. 

[136]    EEC, Submission 75, pp 14–15. 

[137]    EEC, Submission 75, Attachment 1, p. 4. 

[138]    Mr Craig Memery, Senor Energy Advocate, Alternative Technology Association of Australia (ATA), Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 6.

[139]    Professor Raymond Wills, Chief Adviser, Sustainable Energy Association of Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 2 October 2012, p. 36.

[140]    Mr Damien Moyse, Projects and Policy Manager, ATA, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 2.

[141]    Professor Raymond Wills, Chief Adviser, Sustainable Energy Association of Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 2 October 2012, p. 37.

[142]    Professor Raymond Wills, Chief Adviser, Sustainable Energy Association of Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 2 October 2012, p. 37.

[143]    Mr Ricardo Brazzale, President, REC Agents Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 22.

[144]    Mr Terry McConnell, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 22.

[145]    Mr Hugh Gleeson, Chief Executive Officer, United Energy, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 18.

[146]    Mr Russell Marsh, Director of Policy, CEC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 52. 

[147]    Dr Alex Wonhas, Director, Energy Transformed Flagship, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 46.

[148]    Dr Glenn Platt, Theme Leader, Local Energy Systems, Energy Transformed Flagship, CSIRO, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 47.

[149]    Dr Glenn Platt, Theme Leader, Local Energy Systems, Energy Transformed Flagship, CSIRO, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 47.

[150]    Dr Glenn Platt, Theme Leader, Local Energy Systems, Energy Transformed Flagship, CSIRO, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 48.

[151]    Mr Greg Evans, Director of Economics, Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ACCI), Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 54.

Chapter 6 - Consumer protections

[1]        For example see Consumer Utilities Advocacy Centre (CUAC), Submission 2, p. 1; Mr Ray Davis, Submission 4, p. 1; Mr Barry Spencer, Submission 6, p. 1; Mrs Lynette Oakes, Submission 7, p. 1; Ethnic Communities Council of NSW, Submission 11, p 1; St Vincent de Paul Society, Submission 36, p. 3; Public Interest Advocacy Centre, Submission 60, pp 2–3; and United Voice, Submission 77, p. 1.

[2]        Ms Carolyn Hodge, Senior Policy Officer, Energy and Water Consumers' Advocacy Program, Public Interest Advocacy Centre (PIAC), Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 56. 

[3]        Energy and Water Ombudsman Victoria (EWOV), Submission 13, p. 2. 

[4]        EWOV, Submission 13, p. 4. 

[5]        Electricity and Water Ombudsman NSW (EWON), Submission 21, p. 3. 

[6]        EWON, Submission 21, p. 3. 

[7]        Ms Louise Tarrant, National Secretary, United Voice, Proof  Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p.59. 

[8]        Ms Jan Turner, Submission 32, p. 1. 

[9]        Mr Mark Hattersley, Submission 54, pp 3–4. 

[10]      Jesuit Social Services, Submission 95, p. 6. 

[11]      Jesuit Social Services, Submission 95, pp 6–7. 

[12]      Combined Pensioners and Superannuants Association of NSW (CPSA), Submission 18, p. 2. 

[13]      Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS), Submission 67, p. 4. 

[14]      National Electricity Law (NEL), section 7.

[15]      PIAC, Submission 60, pp 4–5.

[16]      PIAC, Submission 60, p. 4.

[17]      PIAC, Submission 60, p. 5.

[18]      PIAC, Submission 60, p. 5.

[19]      Professor G. Yarrow, the Hon. M. Egan and Dr J. Tamblyn, Review of the Limited Merits Review Regime: Stage Two Report, 30 September 2012, p. 38.

[20]      Professor G. Yarrow, the Hon. M. Egan and Dr J. Tamblyn, Review of the Limited Merits Review Regime: Stage Two Report, 30 September 2012, p. 38.

[21]      Professor G. Yarrow, the Hon. M. Egan and Dr J. Tamblyn, Review of the Limited Merits Review Regime: Stage Two Report, 30 September 2012, p. 38.

[22]      Professor G. Yarrow, the Hon. M. Egan and Dr J. Tamblyn, Review of the Limited Merits Review Regime: Stage Two Report, 30 September 2012, p. 38.

[23]      Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism (DRET), Submission 61, p. 33.

[24]      The National Energy Consumer Framework (NECF) is created by the National Energy Retail Law (South Australia) Act 2011 (SA). The passage of the legislation through the South Australian Parliament did not result in the immediate commencement of the NECF in South Australia.

[25]      DRET, National Energy Customer Framework, www.ret.gov.au/energy/energy_markets/national_energy_customer_framework/Pages/NationalEnergyCustomerFramework.aspx (accessed 25 October 2012).

[26]      DRET, National Energy Customer Framework, www.ret.gov.au/energy/energy_markets/national_energy_customer_framework/Pages/NationalEnergyCustomerFramework.aspx (accessed 25 October 2012).

[27]      DRET, Submission 61, p. 46.

[28]      For example see PIAC, Submission 60, p. 11; ACOSS, Submission 67, pp 13–14; CHOICE, Submission 73, p. 16;

[29]      CHOICE, Submission 73, p. 16.

[30]      Mr Gerard Brody, Director, Policy and Campaigns, CALC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 41

[31]      See Mr Gerard Brody, Director, Policy and Campaigns, CALC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 41; and Ms Caitlin Whiteman, Research and Policy Advocate, CUAC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 33.

[32]      Ms Caitlin Whiteman, Research and Policy Advocate, CUAC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 33.

[33]      For example see CHOICE, Submission 73, p. 14; and Mr Gerard Brody, Director, Policy and Campaigns, CALC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 38.

[34]      CHOICE, Submission 73, p. 14.

[35]      CUAC, Submission 2, pp 4–5.

[36]      ACOSS, Submission 67, p. 13. 

[37]      Ms Carolyn Hodge, Senior Policy Officer, Energy and Water Consumers' Advocacy Program, PIAC, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 56.

[38]      Mr Gerard Brody, Director, Policy and Campaigns, CALC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 38.

[39]      Mr Damien Moyse, Energy Projects and Policy Manager, Alternative Technology Association (ATA), Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p. 2. 

[40]      For example see ACT Greens, Submission 1, pp 1–2; ClimateWorks Australia, Submission 20, p. 1; and PIAC, Submission 60, p. 5;

[41]      Council of the Ageing (COTA), Submission57, p. 5.

[42]      COTA, Submission 57, p. 5.

[43]      Brotherhood of St Laurence, Submission 86, p. 8.

[44]      CPSA, Submission 18, p. 3.

[45]      ACOSS, Submission 67, p. 11.

[46]      Ms Catriona Lowe, Co-Chief Executive Officer, CALC, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 September 2012, p. 37. 

[47]      PIAC, Submission 60, p. 5.

[48]      PIAC, Submission 60, p. 5.

[49]      University of Newcastle, Invitation: Calling all renters in inner Newcastle and Toronto, available at the Smart Grid, Smart City Centre (received 24 October 2012) and National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF), Rental housing, climate change and adaptive capacity: a case study of Newcastle, NSW, available: http://www.nccarf.edu.au/content/rental-housing-climate-change-and-adaptive-capacity-case-study-newcastle-nsw (accessed 25 October 2012).

[50]      The Hon Greg Combet AM, MP, Minister for Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, 'Helping low-income earners get ready for a clean energy future', Joint media release, 16 October 2011.

[51]      The Hon Mark Dreyfus QC MP, Parliamentary Secretary for Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, '$45 million to boost energy efficiency in Local Government and low-income households', Media release, 6 June 2012, available: http://www.climatechange.gov.au/en/minister/mark-dreyfus/2012/media-releases/June/MR-12-22.aspx (accessed 3 September 2012).

[52]      The government has reallocated an additional $20.7 million to the No Interest Loans Scheme from the former Solar Hot Water Rebate Scheme. See the Hon. Ms Jenny Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs and Minister for Disability Reform, 'New scheme helps low-income Australians save on energy', Joint media release with Laura Smyth MP, 6 June 2012.

[53]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (FaHCSIA), Financial Management Program, available: http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/our-responsibilities/communities-and-vulnerable-people/programs-services/financial-management-program, (accessed 4 September 2012).

[54]      NSW government, Supporting you: bills and payments, available: http://www.nsw.gov.au/pages/supporting-you-bills-and-payments (accessed 18 October 2012).

[55]      Queensland government, Rebates and concessions, available: http://www.deedi.qld.gov.au/energy/rebates-and-concessions.htm, (accessed 12 September 2012); Queensland government, Energy rebates and concessions fact sheet, http://www.deedi.qld.gov.au/documents/energy/rebates-and-concessions-factsheet.pdf, (accessed 12 September 2012).

[56]      Department for Communities and Social Inclusion (SA), Concessions, available: http://www.dcsi.sa.gov.au/pub/Home/Financialsupportandgrants/Concessions/tabid/209/Default.aspx  (accessed 19 October 2012).

[57]      Government of South Australia, Energy Efficiency, available: http://www.sa.gov.au/subject/Water%2C+energy+and+environment/Energy/Energy+efficiency (accessed 19 October 2002).

[58]      Essential Services Commission of South Australia, Residential Energy Efficiency Scheme, available: http://www.escosa.sa.gov.au/residential-energy-efficiency-scheme-rees.aspx (accessed 19 October 2012).

[59]      Department of Premier and Cabinet (Tasmanian), Discounts and concessions, available: http://www.concessions.tas.gov.au/concessions/electricity_and_heating  (accessed 19 October 2012).

[60]      Department of Human Services (Victoria), Energy Concessions, available: http://www.dhs.vic.gov.au/for-individuals/financial-support/concessions/energy (accessed 18 October 2012). 

Unauthorised disclosure of the Chair's draft

[1]        Lenore Taylor, 'Switch off and get paid', The Sydney Morning Herald, 31 October 2012. 

[2]        Lenore Taylor, 'Switch off and get paid', The Sydney Morning Herald, 31 October 2012.

Additional comments from the Coalition

[1]        Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Data Series 6401.0: Consumer Price Index, Australia, September 2012.

[2]        The Hon. Julia Gillard, Prime Minister, Speech to the Australian Industry Group, 26 October 2010, available at: http://www.pm.gov.au/press-office/speech-australian-industry-group (accessed 31 October 2012).

[3]        Sydney Morning Herald, Ferguson swipes Gillard over electricity prices, 28 September 2012, available at: http://www.smh.com.au/opinion/political-news/ferguson-swipes-gillard-over-electricity-prices-20120927-26o99.html (accessed 31 October 2012).

[4]        The Treasury, Strong growth, low pollution: Modelling a carbon price, 10 July 2011, p. 10, available at: http://archive.treasury.gov.au/carbonpricemodelling/content/report/downloads/Modelling_Report_Consolidated_update.pdf (accessed 31 October 2012).

[5]        For example see Professor Paul Kerin, Chief Executive, South Australian Essential Services Commission, quoted in the Courier Mail, Power prices to fall if carbon tax axed, 4 October 2012, available at: http://www.couriermail.com.au/news/breaking-news/prices-to-fall-if-carbon-tax-axed-boss/story-e6freono-1226488263578 (accessed 31 October 2012).

[6]        ABS, Catalogue. No. 6401.0: Consumer Price Index, Australia, September 2012.

[7]        ABS, Catalogue No. 6401.0: Consumer Price Index, Australia, Sep 2012, Coalition analysis.

[8]        The Treasury, Strong growth, low pollution: Modelling a carbon price, 10 July 2011, p. 10.

[9]        The Treasury, Strong growth, low pollution: Modelling a carbon price, 10 July 2011, p. 10.

[10]      The Hon. Julia Gillard, Prime Minster, Speech to the Energy Policy Institute of Australia, 7 August 2012, http://www.pm.gov.au/press-office/electricity-prices-facts-speech-energy-policy-institute-australia (accessed 31 October 2012).

[11]      TD Securities and Melbourne Institute, Press release, 6 August 2012, available at: http://melbourneinstitute.com/downloads/media_release/2012/TDSec_MI/TD-MI_PR_Jul12.pdf (accessed 31 October 2012).

[12]      This is made up of an increase to $29 per tonne of CO2 emissions by 2015–16, plus an additional 7.5 per cent increase in 2016–17 which is identical to the government's own modelling assumptions.

[13]      Mr Brendan Morling, Head of Energy Division, Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism, Senate Economics Legislation Committee, Proof Committee Hansard, 18 October 2012, p. 14.

[14]      Carbon Energy and Markets 2012, Electricity Prices in Australia: An international comparison, A report to the Energy Users Association of Australia, March, p. 13.

          Note: The  date here differs somewhat from that in the committee's report because it uses the most up to date information on electricity prices.

[15]      Mr John Pierce, Chairman, Australian Energy Market Commission (AEMC), Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 16.

[16]      Productivity Commission, Draft Report, Electricity Networks Regulatory Frameworks: Volume 1, October 2012, p. 2.

[17]      Energy Networks Association, Submission 64, p. 12.

[18]      Sydney Morning Herald, Ferguson swipes Gillard over electricity prices, 28 September 2012.

Additional Comments from the Australian Greens

[1]        Productivity Commission Draft Report, Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p.4. Some submissions focussed on the Renewable Energy Target as a contributor to electricity bills. The draft report of the Climate Change Authority review into Renewable Energy Target found that the scheme will add an average of around $60 per annum (3-4% of the average electricity bill).

[2]        It is estimated that around one-third of network investment in NSW is asset replacement. The Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism, Fact Sheet, Electricity Prices, August 2012.

[3]        Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 1.

[4]        Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 2.

[5]        Australian Energy Market Operator, Submission 39, p. 3.

[6]        Dunstan, C., Boronyak, L., Langham, E et al., 2011, Think small: The Australian decentralised energy roadmap: Issue 1, December 2011, p. 30.

[7]        Australian Industry Group, Brotherhood of St Lawrence, Choice, Energy Efficiency Council, A Plan for Affordable Energy, p.2.

[8]        Total Environment Centre, Submission 72, p. 3.

[9]        Clean Energy Council, Submission 74, p. 2.

[10]      Clean Energy Council, Submission 74, p. 11.

[11]      Total Environment Centre, Submission 72, p. 15.

[12]      Productivity Commission Draft Report, Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p.3.

[13]      AER cited in Productivity Commission Draft Report, Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p. 486.

[14]      AEMO and AEMC cited in Productivity Commission Draft Report, Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p. 641.

[15]      Energy Reform Implementation Group cited in Productivity Commission Draft Report, Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p. 640.

[16]      The Productivity Commission estimates an efficient transmission reliability framework could produce savings of $1 billion within a single regulatory period, and greater savings over the long-run. Productivity Commission Draft Report, Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p. 485.

[17]      Productivity Commission Draft Report, Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p. 502–03.

[18]      Productivity Commission Draft Report, Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p. 642.

[19]      Productivity Commission Draft Report, Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p. 18.

[20]      Garnaut Climate Change Review, 2011, Transforming the Electricity Sector, Update Paper No. 8.

[21]      AEMC, Power of Choice – giving consumers option in the way they use electricity draft report, 6 September 2012, p. 127.

[22]      Total Environment Centre, Submission 72, p. 6.

[23]      Productivity Commission Draft Report, Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p. 417.

[24]      Mr Damien Moyse, Energy Projects and Policy Manager, Alternative Technology Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 3 October 2012, p.1.

[25]      Dunstan, C., Boronyak, L., Langham, E et al., 2011, Think small: The Australian decentralised energy roadmap: Issue 1, December 2011, p. 30.

[26]      Clean Energy Council, Submission 74, p. 13.

[27]      Australian Industry Group, Brotherhood of St Lawrence, Choice, Energy Efficiency Council, A Plan for Affordable Energy; Total Environment Centre, Submission 72; Clean Energy Council, Submission 74; EnerNOC, Submission 50; Alternative Technology Association, Submission 80; Dunstan, C., Boronyak, L., Langham, E et. al., 2011, Think Small: the Australian Decentralised Energy Roadmap: Issue 1, December 2011.

[28]      EnerNOC, Draft Power of Choice Submission, p. 2.

[29]      Australian Industry Group, Brotherhood of St Lawrence, Choice, Energy Efficiency Council, A Plan for Affordable Energy, p. 2.

[30]      Energy Efficiency Council, Submission 75, p. 10.

[31]      EnerNOC, Submission to Power of Choice Draft Report, p. 3.

[32]      Oakley Greenwood, Policy Options for maximising downward pressure on electricity prices, p. 30.

[33]      Energy Efficiency Council, Submission 75, p. 11.

[34]      Productivity Commission Draft Report, Electricity Network Regulatory Frameworks, October 2012, p. 439.

Additional comments from Senator Nick Xenophon

[1]        Major Energy Users, Submission 30, p. 5. 

[2]        Mr Riccoardo Brazzale, President, REC Agents Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 9. 

[3]        IPART, Submission 35, pp 9–10.

[4]        IPART, Submission 35, p. 10.

[5]        Mr Tennant Reed, Principal National Adviser, Public Policy, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, p. 43.

[6]        Professor Ross Garnaut, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 October 2012, p. 2.

[7]        Mr Cameron O'Reilly, Chief Executive Officer, Energy Retailers Association of Australia (ERAA), Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012, pp 21–22.

[8]        Mr Mark Hattersley, Submission 54, pp3­4.

[9]        Sue Mitchell, Gemma Daley and Fleur Anderson, Gambled away: Pokies swallow carbon tax compo, Australian Financial Review, 18 July 2012, p. 1.

[10]      Mr Cameron O'Reilly, Chief Executive Officer, ERAA, Proof Committee Hansard, 25 September 2012.