Introduction and background
Conduct of the inquiry
On 23 August 2012, the Senate established the Select Committee on
Electricity Prices (the committee) to inquire and report on the following
matters by 1 November 2012:
(a) identification of the key causes of electricity price increases over
recent years and those likely in the future;
(b) the legislative and regulatory arrangements relating to network
transmission decision making and its impact on electricity bills;
(c) options to reduce peak demand and improve the productivity of the
national electricity system;
(d) investigation of mechanisms that could assist households and businesses
to reduce their energy costs, including:
(i) the identification of practical low cost energy efficiency options to
assist low income earners reduce their electricity costs;
(ii) the opportunities for improved customer advocacy;
(iii) the opportunities and possible mechanisms for the wider adoption of
technologies to provide consumers with greater information to assist in
managing their electricity use;
(iv) the adequacy of current consumer information, choice and protection
measures, including the benefits of uniform adoption of the National Energy
the arrangements to support and assist low income and vulnerable
consumers with electricity pricing, in particular relating to the role and
extent of dividend redistribution from electricity infrastructure;
(vi) the arrangements for network businesses to assist their customers to
save energy and reduce peak demand as a more cost effective alternative to
network infrastructure spending; and
(vii) the improved reporting by electricity businesses of their performance in
assisting customers to save energy and reduce bills; and
(e) investigation of opportunities and barriers to the wider adoption of new
and innovative technologies, including:
(i) direct load control and pricing incentives;
(ii) storage technology;
(iii) energy efficiency; and
(iv) distributed clean and renewable energy generation.
(f) any related matter.
In accordance with usual practice, the committee advertised the inquiry
in The Australian and on its website. The committee also wrote to
relevant organisations inviting submissions by 14 September 2012.
The committee received 113 submissions. A full list of submissions is provided
at Appendix 1.
The committee held five public hearings in the following cities:
- Sydney, 25 September 2012;
- Melbourne, 27 September 2012;
- Perth, 2 October 2012;
- Brisbane, 3 October 2012; and
- Canberra, 9 October 2012.
A list of stakeholders who gave evidence to the committee at these
public hearings is provided at Appendix 2.
The committee also made site visits to Macquarie Generation's Liddell
Power Station which uses solar thermal augmentation to coal-fired generation,
the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) Energy
Centre and Ausgrid's Smart Grid, Smart City trial, both in Newcastle.
This report is divided into three parts as follows.
Part I: Introduction and background
Chapter 1 details information on the conduct of the inquiry.
Chapter 2 provides an overview of Australia's electricity market and a
snapshot of electricity consumption in Australia.
Part II: Price setting and
Chapter 3 discusses how electricity prices are set and the key causes of
electricity price rises.
Chapter 4 examines the regulation of the electricity market.
Part III: Demand
Chapter 5 examines demand management and ways in which consumers can
reduce their electricity consumption.
Chapter 6 discusses consumer protections, particularly for low income
and vulnerable consumers.
The committee thanks all the individuals and organisations that
contributed to the inquiry. The committee also extends its thanks to Macquarie Generation,
CSIRO and Ausgrid for hosting the committee on its site visits.
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