The 1998 Indian and Pakistani Nuclear Test

The 1998 Indian and Pakistani Nuclear Test

30 June 1999

© Commonwealth of Australia 2008
ISBN 0 642 71024 4

View the report as a single document - (PDF 1611KB)

View the report as separate downloadable parts:

Membership (PDF 237KB)


Terms of Reference (PDF 243KB)
Executive Summary (PDF 227KB)
Recommendations (PDF 233KB)
Chapter one - Introduction (PDF 225KB)

Establishment of the Inquiry
Conduct of the Inquiry
Committee Membership
Terminology and Sources

Chapter two - India and Pakistan: The new dominions (PDF 313KB)

India and Pakistan - Nationhood
Conflict between India and Pakistan and the Kashmir Dispute
The Broader Picture: India and Pakistan and their friends and foes

Chapter three - Nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles on the subcontinent (PDF 306KB)

Background - Long Term Rivalry
Bombs for Peace
Ballistic Missile Program
Ballistic Missile and Nuclear Proliferation

Chapter four - India's tests—Operation Shakti (PDF 416KB)

India’s Reasons
International Reactions to India’s Nuclear Tests

Chapter five - The Pakistani nuclear tests (PDF 395KB)

Pakistani Tests

Chapter six - Australia's response to nuclear tests in South Asia (PDF 380KB)

Australia’s Response to the Indian Nuclear Tests
Australia’s Response to the Pakistan’s Tests
The Basis of the Australian Government’s Response
Reactions to the Australian Government’s Response

Chapter seven - Regional and global security (PDF 374KB)

Implications for India and Pakistan
Implications for India and China
Proliferation beyond South Asia
Non-Proliferation Regime
Lack of Commitment to Non-Proliferation and Disarmament

Chapter eight - The way ahead (PDF 424KB)

The Genie is Out of the Bottle
Progress on Non-proliferation and Disarmament in the Conference on Disarmanent
No Rewards for Tests
Reduction in Tensions between India and Pakistan
Role of China
Australia’s Role
Global Nuclear Disarmament
Report of the Canberra Commission on the Elimination of Nuclear Weapons (August 1996)

Additional statement from Senator Margetts (PDF 216KB)
Appendix 1 (PDF 225KB)


Appendix 2 (PDF 229KB)

Witnesses who appeared before the Committee at public hearings

Appendix 3 (PDF 243KB)

Communique by the Melbourne Group
Friday, 28 August 1998, the Windsor Hotel, Melbourne, Australia

For further information, contact:

Committee Secretary
Senate Standing Committees on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade
PO Box 6100
Parliament House
Canberra ACT 2600

Phone: +61 2 6277 3538
Fax: +61 2 6277 5818