House of Representatives Practice, 6th edition – HTML version

Appendix 10 - Party affiliations in the House of Representatives

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Year of electionLaborFree TradeProtect ionistAnti-SocialistLiberal[1]Nation alistCountry/ National[2]United Austra liaNSW LaborNon- comm unist LabourIndep endentTotal
1901142831275
19032325261[3]75
19062616276[4]75
19104331[5]175
1913373875
19144232175
19172253[6]75
19192637111[7]75
19223052614176[8]
1925243714176
19283229132[9]76
19294714105[10]76
1931151640[11]4176
19341814339175
19372916282[12]75
19403214234275
19434912[13]12275
1946431712 xiii375
Year of electionLaborLiberal  Country LiberalCountry/ National Nationals WAAustralian GreensIndependent Total
19494855191123[14]
1951545217123
1954594717123
1955495718124
1958475819124
196162[15]4517124
1963525220124
19664161211124
1969594620125
1972673820125
1974664021127
1975366823127
1977386719124
1980515420125
1983753317125
1984824521148
1987864319148
19907855141148
19938049162147
199649751185148
199867[16]64161148
200165681133150
200460741123150
20078355102150
20107260111114150
  • Party strengths indicated are those after general elections and do not allow for by-elections, changes in affiliation between elections or as a result of elections declared void and recontested.
  • This table has been compiled using House records, C. A. Hughes & B. D. Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890–1964, Australian National University Press, Canberra, 1968, pp. 285–422 and G. Sawer, Australian Federal Politics and Law 1901–1929 and Australian Federal Politics and Law 1929–1949. Party affiliations of Members were not officially recorded by the Department of the House of Representatives until 1956. Prior to 1956 contemporary records and subsequent histories do not always agree on the party affiliations of Members.

1. Members of the Liberal and Country League (SA) are included from 1946.
2. The Country Party was formed after the 1919 election out of Members returned under the endorsement of primary producers’ organisations. In 1975 name of party changed to National Country Party of Australia. In 1982 name of party changed to National Party of Australia, and in 2003 to the Nationals.
3. Identified by Hughes & Graham as Revenue Tariff Party.
4. Includes 4 Independent Protectionists and 2 Western Australia Party.
5. Derived from elements of former Protectionists and Anti-Socialists. Also referred to during election as ‘Fusion’.
6. Formed by elements of Labor Party and former Liberals.
7. Identified by Hughes & Graham as Independent Nationalist.
8. From 1922 total figure includes a Member for the Northern Territory who did not have full voting rights until 1968.
9. Includes one Country Progressive.
10. Includes 3 Independent Nationalists and one Country Progressive.
11. Formed by elements of the Labor Party and former Nationalists.
12. Includes one Independent UAP.
13. Includes one Liberal Country.
14. From 1949 figure includes a Member for the Australian Capital Territory who did not have full voting rights until 1966.
15. Although the Labor Party had the same number of seats as the coalition parties (62), two of its Members (Northern Territory and the ACT) did not have full voting rights.
16. Includes one seat filled at a supplementary election held after the first meeting of the new House.

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