House of Representatives Practice, 6th edition – HTML version

2 - House, Government and Opposition

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A knowledge of the structure of the House of Representatives is important to an understanding of its mode of operation. The components or groups which make up the House and which are described in the text that follows are common to most parliamentary systems based on the Westminster model. The relationship and interaction between these components is at the heart of parliamentary activity. The nature of the relationships between the groups largely determines the operational effectiveness of the Parliament, particularly in relation to the Executive Government.

Government and Parliament Relationships

Political parties

The Ministry


Federal Executive Council

The (official) Opposition