Second interim report: insecurity in publicly-funded jobs

October 2021

© Commonwealth of Australia 2021
ISBN: 978-1-76093-307-4

View the report as a single document:

View the report as separate downloadable parts:


Terms of Reference

List of Recommendations

Chapter 1—Introduction

  Publicly-funded jobs
  Progress of the inquiry to-date
  Extension of time to report
  The second interim report
  'Nation building'—investing in secure jobs for the future

Part 1—Aged care and disability care

Chapter 2—Job security in the aged care sector

  The aged care sector
  Size and composition of the workforce
  Characteristics of aged care workers
  Earnings and wages
  Concerns about the future of the workforce
  Committee view

Chapter 3—Impacts of employment arrangements in aged care

  Common employment arrangements
  Impacts on aged care providers
  Impacts on care workers and their families
  Impacts on care recipients
  Committee view

Chapter 4—COVID-19 and insecure work in aged care

  COVID-19 in aged care―cases and fatalities
  Outbreaks in residential care
  Working across multiple sites
  On-demand platforms during COVID-19
  Vaccination and job security
  Committee view

Chapter 5—Insecure work in the disability care sector

  The disability care sector
  The workforce
  The contribution of the NDIS to insecure work
  Impacts of insecure work

Chapter 6—Aged care and disability care: proposals for reform

  Aged care
  Facilitate sector-wide bargaining
  Response to the Royal Commission
  Disability care
  Committee view
  Recommendations—Aged care
  Recommendations—Across the care sectors

Part 2—Higher education

Chapter 7—Job security in the higher education sector

  The higher education sector
  Size and composition of the workforce
  Employment arrangements
  Earnings and wages

Chapter 8—Impacts of employment arrangements in higher education

  The universities
  University students

Chapter 9—COVID-19 and insecure work in higher education

  COVID-19 and the higher education sector
  Short to medium term impacts
  Long-term viability of the sector
  Concluding comments

Chapter 10—Higher education: proposals for reform

  The need for reform
  Proposals for reform

Part 3—The Australian Public Service and Commonwealth procurement

Chapter 11—Job security in the Australian Public Service

  Overview of the Australian Public Service
  Workplace arrangements in the Australian Public Service
  The COVID-19 pandemic and the Australian Public Service

Chapter 12—Impacts of employment arrangements in the APS

  Casual employment arrangements
  Labour hire and contracting arrangements
  Summary and concluding comments

Chapter 13—Job security and Commonwealth procurement

  The utilisation of procurement policy to promote social and economic objectives
  A discussion of government procurement in the ICT sector
  A discussion of government procurement in the care sectors
  Summary and concluding comments

Chapter 14—Case study: National Broadband Network workforce

  The National Broadband Network
  The role of NBN bodies
  Employment arrangements
  Issues affecting field workers
  Pyramid contracting concerns
  Assurance measures
  Concluding comments

Chapter 15—APS and procurement: proposals for reform

  Reducing the prevalence of non-ongoing workers and casual arrangements
  Addressing the extensive use of labour contractors and consultants
  The utilisation of procurement policy to achieve social and economic objectives
  Procurement in the ICT sector
  Procurement in the care sectors
  Procurement and the National Broadband Network

Dissenting report by Liberal and National Senators

  Conduct of the Inquiry
  Labour hire—the real story
  Casual employment—the precarious truth
  Risks of overreaction

Additional comments by the Australian Greens

  Job security at our universities
  Job security in our essential public services

Appendix 1—Submissions and additional information

Committee Secretariat contact:

Senior Clerk's Office
Department of the Senate
PO Box 6100
Parliament House
Canberra ACT 2600

Phone: 02 6277 3555