Appendix 4

Worldwide judicial decisions on gig work

Please note, this digest does include the most recent Australian case:
Diego Franco v Deliveroo Australia Pty Ltd [2021] FWC 2818, available here:

Digest of judicial decisions

Source: International Lawyers Assisting Workers Network, Issues Brief: Taken for Ride: litigating the digital platform model, March 2021, pp. 3–4, (accessed 16 June 2021).
(For details, refer to the corresponding page in the issues brief.)
Employee, Independent Contractor or Third Way?
Gupta v Portier Pacific Pty Ltd; Uber Australia Pty Ltd t/a Uber Eats [2020] FWCFB 1698, p. 39.
Rajab Suliman v Rasier Pacific Pty Ltd [2019] FWC 4807 (12 July 2019), p. 40.
Klooger v Foodora Australia Pty Ltd [2018] FWC 6836, p. 41.
Pallage v. Rasier Pacific Pty Ltd [2018] FWC 2579, p. 43.
Kaseris v. Rasier Pacific V.O.F. [2017] FWC 6610, p. 43.
Dossier n°: 187 – FR – 20200707, p. 44.
Marcio Vieira Jacob v. Uber do Brasil Tecnologia Ltda, RR - 1000123-99.2017.5.02.0038, p. 46.
ADPF 449 / DF, p. 47.
Conflito de Competência Nº 164.544 - MG (2019/0079952-0), p. 48.
Canadian Union of Postal Workers (CUPW) v. Foodora Inc. (2020) OLRB
Case No: 1346-19-R (“Foodora”), p. 49.
Alvaro Felipe Arredondo Montoya and Pedidos Ya Chile SPA, p. 51.
Mr X v. Uber France and Uber BV Ruling No. 374, p. 53.
Mr B. v. Take Eat Easy (Judgment N 1737), p. 54.
Case No. 9 AZR 102/20, p. 55.
Cass. n. 1663/2020 (Foodora), p. 57
Yiftalem Parigi v. Just Eat Italy, p. 58.
European Union
B v. Yodel Delivery Network, p. 59.
Deliveroo v. Federation of the Dutch Trade Movement (FNV), p. 60.
New Zealand
Atapattu Arachchige v. Rasier New Zealand Limited & Uber B.V, p. 62.
South Africa
Uber South Africa Technology Services (PTY) Ltd v National Union of Public Service
and Allied Workers (NUPSAW) (2018), p. 64.
Uber South Africa Technology Services (PTY) Ltd v National Union of Public Service
and Allied Workers (NUPSAW) (2017), p. 64.
South Korea
Do-Hyun Kwak v SoCar et al, p. 66.
Rider v. Glovo App 23, S.L, p. 68.
Cour d’appel civile du Canton de Vaud. Ruling no. P317.026539-190917/380 of 23 April 2020, p. 69.
Décision du 29 mai 2020 n°ATA/535/2020, p. 70.
United Kingdom
Uber BV v. Aslam, [2021] UKSC 5, p. 72.
Independent Workers’ Union of Great Britain (IWGB) v. RooFoods Ltd. T/A Deliveroo
[2018] EWHC 3342, p. 73.
Addison Lee Ltd v Lange & Ors UKEAT/0037/18/BA, p. 74.
Addison Lee Ltd v Gascoigne UKEAT/0289/17/LA, p. 74.
United States of America
Matter of Lowry (Uber Tech., Inc—Commissioner of Labor) 2020 NY Slip Op 07645, p. 75.
Islam, et al v. Cuomo, et al, No. 1:20-cv-02328, 2020 WL 4336393 (E.D.N.Y. July 28, 2020), p. 75.
Razak v. Uber Techs,. Inc. 951 F.3d 137 (3rd Cir. 2020), p. 76.
Dynamex Operations W., Inc. v. Superior Court (2018) 4 Cal. 5th 903, p. 76.
Lawson v. Grubhub, Inc., 302 F. Supp. 3d 1071 (N.D. Cal. 2018), p. 78.
Esteban Queimada v. Uber BV, p. 79.
Noteworthy Digital Platform Cases Not Determining the Existence of an Employment Relationship, p. 81.
Enforceability of Arbitration Clauses
Uber Technologies Inc v Heller, 2020 SCC 16, p. 82.
O’Connor v Uber Techs., 904 F.3d 1087 (9th Cir. 2018), p. 83
Wallace v. Grubhub Holdings, Inc., 970 F.3d 798 (7th Cir. 2020), p. 83.
Waithaka v., Inc., 966 F.3d 10, 13 (1st Cir. 2020), p. 84.
Competition Law
Samir Agrawal v. Competition Commission of India & Ors, p. 85.
Uber Singapore Technology et. al v. Competition and Consumer Commission of Singapore, p. 85.
Chamber of Commerce v City of Seattle, 890 F.3d 769 (9th Cir. 2018), p. 86.
Social Protection
The Independent Workers’ Union of Great Britain (IWGB) v. Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, et al. [2020] EWHC 3050 (Admin), p. 88
Ahmed Adiatu & Independent Workers Union of Great Britain (IWGB) v HM Treasury [2020] EWHC 1554, p. 89.
Transportation v. Information Services
Star Taxi App SRL v. Unitatea Administrativ Teritoiala et. al, p. 90.
Asociación Profesional Élite Taxi v Uber Systems Spain SL, p. 90.

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