Adequacy of Newstart and related payments and alternative mechanisms to determine the level of income support payments in Australia

April 2020

© Commonwealth of Australia 2020
ISBN: 978-1-76093-060-8

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Committee Members

Terms of Reference

Abbreviations

List of Recommendations

Executive Summary

Chapter 1—Introduction

  Introduction
  Report structure
  Labour market
  The income support system in Australia
  Income support recipients
  Conduct of the inquiry

Chapter 2—The poverty trap

  Measures of poverty
  Committee view
  The poverty trap
  Calls for an immediate raise
  Committee view

Chapter 3—Entrenching disadvantage

  Deteriorating physical and mental health
  Committee view
  Domestic and family violence
  Committee view
  Education
  Committee view

Chapter 4—Bridging the funding gap

  Individuals
  Community sector
  State and territory governments
  Local governments
  Local and regional economies
  Committee view

Chapter 5—Barriers to employment

  Labour market
  Poverty
  Mutual obligation requirements and employment programs
  Committee view

Chapter 6—Facing additional barriers to employment

  People with disability and medical conditions
  Committee view
  Older workers
  Committee view
  Single parents
  Committee view
  People living in remote, rural and regional areas
  Committee view
  First Nations Peoples
  Committee view
  Young people
  Committee view

Chapter 7—Achieving a minimum standard of living

  Past reviews
  Overseas jurisdictions
  Key principles for reforming the income support system
  An effective review mechanism
  Economic impacts
  Committee view

Coalition Senators' Dissenting Report

  Purpose and role of income support payments for the unemployed
  Targeted features of the income support system and additional supports
  Australian Approach and International Comparisons
  Trends over Time
  Targeted Support to encourage employment
  Budget considerations and fiscal management
  Recent developments

Appendix 1—Submissions and additional information

Appendix 2—Public hearings

Committee Secretariat contact:

Committee Secretary
Senate Standing Committees on Community Affairs
PO Box 6100
Parliament House
Canberra ACT 2600

Phone: +61 2 6277 3515
Fax: +61 2 6277 5829
community.affairs.sen@aph.gov.au