Footnotes

Footnotes

CHAPTER 1 - Introduction

[1]        Journals of the Senate, 2012, pp 2940–2941.

CHAPTER 2 - Education in Australia: a background

[1]        Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Submission 28, p. 4. See also, Australian Constitution 1901.

[2]        The SCSEEC supersedes the Ministerial Council for Education, Early Childhood Development and Youth Affairs (MCEETYA).

[3]        Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs, Melbourne Declaration on Educational Goals for Young Australians, December 2008.

[4]        MCEETYA, Melbourne Declaration on Educational Goals for Young Australians, December 2008, p. 7.

[5]        MCEETYA, Melbourne Declaration on Educational Goals for Young Australians, December 2008, p. 10.

[6]        MCEETYA, Melbourne Declaration on Educational Goals for Young Australians, December 2008, p. 7.

[7]        Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Submission 28, p. 3.

[8]        Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership, Submission 18, p. 3.

[9]        Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Submission 28, p. 4.

[10]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Submission 28, pp 3–4.

[11]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Submission 28, p. 4. At the time of printing, NSW had agreed to the proposal, however the federal government was still negotiating with other states and territories (the Prime Minister had extended the due date to the end of July 2013).

[12]      Available online: http://www.education.vic.gov.au/about/department/Pages/teachingprofession.aspx?Redirect=1 (accessed March 2013).

[13]      Jewel Topsfield, 'Baillieu plan to get rid of bad teachers', The Age, 21 June 2012.

[14]      Victorian Government, New Directions for School Leadership and the Teaching Profession Discussion Paper, June 2012, pp 7–8, http://www.education.vic.gov.au/about/department/Pages/teachingprofession.aspx?Redirect=1 (accessed 5 April 2013).

[15]      The Hon. Dr Denis Napthine MP, Premier, and The Hon. Peter Hall MLC, Minister for Higher Education and Skills; Minister for the Teaching Profession, 'Coalition Government finalises teachers' EBA', Joint Media Release, 17 April 2013.

[16]      Anna Patty, 'Teaching bar raised: 70% of applicants would be rejected', Sydney Morning Herald, 6 March 2013.

[17]      The Hon. Chris Bowen MP, Minister for Tertiary Education, Skills, Science and Research and The Hon. Peter Garrett MP, Minister for School Education, Early Childhood and Youth, 'Higher Standards for Teacher Training Courses', Joint Media Release, 11 March 2013.

[18]      Queensland Government Review of Teacher Education and School Induction Project webpage, http://education.qld.gov.au/students/higher-education/services/projects/review.html (accessed 5 April 2013).

[19]      Queensland Government Teacher Education Implementation Taskforce webpage, http://education.qld.gov.au/students/higher-education/services/projects/review.html (accessed 5 April 2013).

[20]      Queensland Department of Education, Training and Employment, 'Great Teachers = Great results: A direct action plan for Queensland schools Factsheet', April 2013.

[21]      Marilyn Harrington, Australian Government funding for schools explained, Background note from the Parliamentary Library, Department of Parliamentary Services, Updated 8 March 2013, p. 2, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;adv=yes;orderBy=date-eFirst;page=0;query=MajorSubject_Expand%3AEducation%20Dataset%3Abillsdgs,prspub;rec=7;resCount=Default (accessed 23 April 2013).

[22]      The COAG Reform Council 'Reports: Education.' http://www.coagreformcouncil.gov.au/reports/education.cfm (accessed 9 April 2013).

[23]      Established on the basis of the COAG Intergovernmental Agreement on Federal Financial Relations, 2001, http://www.federalfinancialrelations.gov.au/content/inter_agreement_and_schedules/IGA_federal_financial_relations_aug11.pdf (accessed 9 April 2013).

[24]      Authorised under the Schools Assistance Act 2008 (Cth).

[25]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, 'SES Scores, funding status and levels for non-government schools – 2009-13', https://ssp.deewr.gov.au/ssp/help/html/ses/funding_09_12/ses_scores.html (accessed 9 April 2013).

[26]      For concerns on indexing, see evidence given to the Senate Education, Employment and Workplace Relations Legislation Committee during its inquiry into the Australian Education Bill: Proof Committee Hansard, 1 March 2013, pp 3, 11 and 50.

[27]      70 per cent of their costs as assessed under the Average Government School Recurrent Costs standard.

[28]      Authorised by the Federal Financial Relations Act 2009 (Cth).

[29]      Authorised by the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997 (Cth), Section 32(b).

[30]      Executive Summary, Review Panel (Chaired by David Gonski AC), Review of Funding for Schooling, Final Report, December 2011, http://www.betterschools.gov.au/review (accessed 12 March 2013), p. xiii.

[31]      Review Panel (Chaired by David Gonski AC), Review of Funding for Schooling, Final Report, December 2011, http://www.betterschools.gov.au/review (accessed 12 March 2013).

[32]      Executive Summary, Review Panel (Chaired by David Gonski AC), Review of Funding for Schooling, Final Report, December 2011, http://www.betterschools.gov.au/review (accessed 12 March 2013), p. xix.

[33]      At the time of printing, the Australian Education Bill had not yet been introduced to the Senate. Updated information is available on the bill's homepage: http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;query%3DId%3A%22legislation%2Fbillhome%2Fr4945%22.

[34]      Senate Education, Employment and Workplace Relations Legislation Committee, Australian Education Bill 2012 [Provisions], March 2013.

[35]      Coalition Senators' Dissenting Report, Senate Education, Employment and Workplace Relations Legislation Committee, Australian Education Bill 2012 [Provisions], March 2013.

[36]      ABC News Online, 'Gillard reveals details of Gonski school funding', 14 April 2013, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-04-14/gillard-announces-details-of-gonski-education-reforms/4627910 (accessed 14 April 2013).

[37]      ABC News Online, 'Gillard reveals details of Gonski school funding', 14 April 2013, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-04-14/gillard-announces-details-of-gonski-education-reforms/4627910 (accessed 14 April 2013).

[38]      A 2 per cent efficiency dividend will be imposed in 2014, and 1.25 per cent in 2015 (averaging $300 million per annum). Other measures include removal of the 10 per cent discount on paying university fees upfront, removal of the 5 per cent bonus received for voluntary repayment of HELP debts and converting student start-up scholarships into a loan. Minister the Hon. Craig Emerson MP, 'Statement on Higher Education', Media Release, 13 April 2013. http://minister.innovation.gov.au/craigemerson/MediaReleases/Pages/StatementonHigherEducation.aspx (accessed 1 May 2013).

[39]      ABC News Online, 'Gillard reveals details of Gonski school funding', 14 April 2013, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-04-14/gillard-announces-details-of-gonski-education-reforms/4627910 (accessed 14 April 2013). The National Tertiary Education Union has also criticised the cuts, see for example National Tertiary Education Union, 'School reforms should not come at cost of universities', Media release, 13 April 2013.

[40]      Council of Australian Governments, Council of Australian Governments Meeting – Communiqué Canberra, 19 April 2013, http://www.coag.gov.au/node/498 (accessed 24 April 2013).

[41]      Ben Packham, 'PM urges other states to sign on to Gonski reforms', The Australian, 24 April 2013; http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/education/pm-urges-other-states-to-sign-on-to-gonski-reforms/story-fn59nlz9-1226628444956 (accessed 24 April 2013).

CHAPTER 3 - Australia's performance

[1]        Ms Kylie Catto, President, Western Australian Council of State School Organisations, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 44.

[2]        Productivity Commission Research Report, Schools Workforce, April 2012, p. 54.

[3]        Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, p. 2.

[4]        Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, http://www.acer.edu.au/documents/PISA-2009-In-Brief.pdf (accessed 20 March 2013).

[5]        Dr Ben Jensen, Director, School Education Program, Grattan Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 43.

[6]        See ACER, Highlights from TIMSS & PIRLS 2011 from Australia's perspective, December 2012 http://www.acer.edu.au/documents/TIMSS-PIRLS_Australian-Highlights.pdf (accessed 12 April 2013).

[7]        For more detail, see the Australian Government NAPLAN website: www.nap.edu.au (accessed 20 March 2013).

[8]        The states contribute to the costs of NAPLAN indirectly through funding the Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority, half of ACARA's budget comes from the Commonwealth and the rest from the states and territories. In addition, states and territories bear the costs involved with administering and delivering NAPLAN in their jurisdictions: Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, answer to question on notice, 5 March 2013 (received 12 April 2013), p. 3.

[9]        Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, answer to question on notice, 5 March 2013 (received 12 April 2013), p. 2.

[10]      Standing Council on School Education and Early Childhood, Communique, 7 December 2012. http://www.scseec.edu.au/Communiqu%c3%a9s-and-Media-Releases.aspx (accessed 3 April 2013).

[11]      Alan Reid, 'Raising the level of education debate', Professional Educator, March 2013, pp 5–6, p. 5.

[12]      Alan Reid, 'Raising the level of education debate', Professional Educator, March 2013, pp 5–6, p. 6.

[13]      See for example, Mr Phil Cullen, Submission 6; Leslie Granville O'Gorman, Submission 7; Ms Lorraine Wilson, Submission 41.

[14]      Ms Lorraine Wilson, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 62.

[15]      Ms Lorraine Wilson, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 64.

[16]      Mr Phil Cullen, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 62.

[17]      Ms Lorraine Wilson, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 62.

[18]      Ms Lorraine Wilson, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 62.

[19]      See evidence given by the Australian Association of Jewish Schools, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 February 2013, pp 1–10 and Mr John Fleming, Deputy Principal (Primary), Haileybury Independent School, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 48.

[20]      Mr Derek Scott, CEO and Principal, Haileybury, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 45.

[21]      Australian Association of Jewish Schools, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 February 2013,    pp 1–10.

[22]      Professor Field Rickards, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 13.

[23]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, Additional Estimates 2012-2013, EW0860_13. See also, Jessica Marszalek, 'Stressed kids miss tests: NAPLAN boycotts', Herald Sun, 24 November 2012; ABC News, 'Qld parents join push to boycott NAPLAN, 2 May 2013; Bethany Hiatt, 'More withdraw from NAPLAN', The West Australian, 26 April 2013; Bianca Hall, 'Parents urged to pull children out of NAPLAN tests', The Sydney Morning Herald, 27 April 2013. 

[24]      AMSI, Discipline Profile of Mathematical Science 2013, p. 4. See also, Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute, Submission 5, Additional Information, p. 4.

[25]      AMSI, Discipline Profile of Mathematical Science 2013, p. 5. See also, Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute, Submission 5, Additional Information, p. 5.

[26]      Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, p. 7.

[27]      Australian Council for Educational Research, 'ACER releases results from latest international studies of student achievement', Media Release, 18 December 2012.

[28]      AMSI, Discipline Profile of Mathematical Science 2013, p. 6. See also, Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute, Submission 5, Additional Information, p. 6.

[29]      AMSI, Discipline Profile of Mathematical Science 2013, p. 10. See also, Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute, Submission 5, Additional Information, p. 10. See also, Professor Geoff Prince, Director, Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 1.

[30]      Confidential Witness, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013.

[31]      Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute, Discipline Profile of Mathematical Science 2013, 2013, p. 8. See also, Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute, Submission 5, Additional Information, p. 8.

[32]      AMSI, Discipline Profile of Mathematical Science 2013, p. 8 (Using data from the Office of the Chief Scientist, Mathematics, Engineering and Science in the National Interest, May 2012, Appendix F). See also, Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute, Submission 5, Additional Information, p. 8.

[33]      As recommended by the Productivity Commissioner: Productivity Research Report, Schools Workforce, April 2012, p. 117. See also Chapters 4 and 5 of this Report.

[34]      Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, p. 3.

[35]      Australian Council for Educational Research, 'ACER releases results from latest international studies of student achievement', Media Release, 18 December 2012. See also Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, pp 7–8.

[36]      Dr Kevin Donnelly, Director, Education Standards Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 33.

[37]      Ms Misty Adoniou, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 24.

[38]      Ms Misty Adoniou, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, pp 27–28.

[39]      Ms Misty Adoniou, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 28.

[40]      Ms Misty Adoniou, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 28.

[41]      Exodus Foundation, Submission 29. See also, MultiLit, Submission 54; Reverend Bill Crews, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, pp 31–38.

[42]      Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, p. 11.

[43]      Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, p. 11.

[44]      Closing the Gap: Prime Minister's Report 2013, p. 24. http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sites/default/files/documents/02_2013/00313-ctg-report_accessible11.pdf (accessed 6 May 2013).

[45]      Closing the Gap: Prime Minister's Report 2013, p. 26. http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sites/default/files/documents/02_2013/00313-ctg-report_accessible11.pdf (accessed 6 May 2013).

[46]      Closing the Gap: Prime Minister's Report 2013, p. 27. http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sites/default/files/documents/02_2013/00313-ctg-report_accessible11.pdf (accessed 6 May 2013).

[47]      The Smith Family, Submission 19, p. 9.

[48]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 5 March 2013 (received 12 April 2013), Q7.

[49]      Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, p. 12.

[50]      Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, p. 12.

[51]      Marilyn Harrington, Senior Researcher, Social Policy, Parliamentary Library Briefing, 13 May 2013.

[52]      For a discussion of the method used by OECD PISA, See Review Panel (Chaired by David Gonski AC), Review of Funding for Schooling, Final Report, December 2011, p. 113 http://www.betterschools.gov.au/review (accessed 12 March 2013).

[53]      Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, p. 13.

[54]      Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, p. 13.

[55]      Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, p. 13.

[56]      Productivity Research Report, Schools Workforce, April 2012, p. 41. (Cited by the Smith Family, Submission 19, p. 3).

[57]      The Smith Family, Submission 19, p. 3.

[58]      See, for example, The Smith Family, Submission 19, p. 4.

[59]      Professor John Hattie, 2003 (Cited by The Smith Family, Submission 19, p. 40).

[60]      Professor John Hattie, 2003 (Cited by The Smith Family, Submission 19, p. 40).

[61]      Mr Angelo Gavrielatos, Federal President, Australian Education Union, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2012, p. 55.

[62]      The Smith Family, Submission 19, p. 5.

[63]      Mr Anish Badgeri, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 11; Mr Jonathan Israel, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 12. (Appearance facilitated by the Foundation for Young Australians, Submission 55).

[64]      Mr John Fleming, Deputy Principal, Haileybury Independent School, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2012, p. 52.

[65]      Mr John Fleming, Deputy Principal (Primary), Haileybury, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 46.

[66]      Mr Norm Hart, President, Australian Primary Principals Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 11.

[67]      Dr Kevin Donnelly, Director, Education Standards Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 28.

[68]      Dr Kevin Donnelly, Director, Education Standards Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 31.

[69]      Dr Kevin Donnelly, Director, Education Standards Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 31.

[70]      The Smith Family, Submission 19, pp 6–8.

[71]      The Smith Family, Submission 19, p. 6.

[72]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 5 March 2013 (received 12 April 2013), Q7.

[73]      See for example, Tina Rosenberg, 'The Power of Talking to Your Baby', The New York Times, 10 April 2013. Parents from low socio-economic backgrounds tend to talk to their children less, children whose families were on welfare hearing about 600 words an hour, working-class children 1,200 words and children from professional families heard 2,100 words. Researchers Betty Hart and Todd R Risley concluded that this language exposure explained the difference in student preparedness for school.

[74]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Website, http://deewr.gov.au/home-interaction-program-parents-and-youngsters-hippy (accessed 2 May 2013).

[75]      Max Liddell, Tony Barnett, Fatoumata Diallo Roost and Juliet McEachran, Investing in our future: an evaluation of the national rollout of the Home Interaction Program for Parents and Youngsters, Final report to the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, August 2011, p. vi. Available online: http://www.mychild.gov.au/documents/docs/hippy_evaluation.pdf (accessed 2 May 2013).

[76]      For a list of locations see: Department of Education and Workplace Relations, Website, http://deewr.gov.au/further-information-about-hippy (accessed 2 May 2013).

[77]      Max Liddell, Tony Barnett, Fatoumata Diallo Roost and Juliet McEachran, Investing in our future: an evaluation of the national rollout of the Home Interaction Program for Parents and Youngsters, Final report to the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, August 2011, p. viii.

[78]      Max Liddell, Tony Barnett, Fatoumata Diallo Roost and Juliet McEachran, Investing in our future: an evaluation of the national rollout of the Home Interaction Program for Parents and Youngsters, Final report to the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, August 2011, p. ix.

[79]      Max Liddell, Tony Barnett, Fatoumata Diallo Roost and Juliet McEachran, Investing in our future: an evaluation of the national rollout of the Home Interaction Program for Parents and Youngsters, Final report to the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, August 2011, p. vii.

[80]      The geographic location of schools was classified using the MCEECDYA Schools Location Classification.

[81]      Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, p. 14.

[82]      Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, p. 14.

[83]      Mr Duncan Taylor, Isolated Children's Parent's Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 16.

[84]      Mr Duncan Taylor, Isolated Children's Parent's Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 16.

[85]      Ms Corinda Hollis, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 11. (Appearance facilitated by the Foundation for Young Australians, Submission 55).

[86]      Ms Corinda Hollis, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 11.

[87]      Ms Corinda Hollis, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 11.

[88]      Mr Duncan Taylor, Isolated Children's Parent's Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 17.

[89]      Mr Duncan Taylor, Isolated Children's Parent's Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 17.

[90]      Mr Barr, National Chair, Association of Heads of Independent Schools Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2012, p. 34.

[91]      Mr Duncan Taylor, Isolated Children's Parent's Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 17.

[92]      Mr Duncan Taylor, Isolated Children's Parent's Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, pp 17–18.

[93]      Mr Duncan Taylor, Isolated Children's Parent's Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 16.

[94]      Mr Duncan Taylor, Isolated Children's Parent's Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 16.

[95]      As recommended by the Productivity Commissioner: Productivity Research Report, Schools Workforce, April 2012, p. 117. (See pp 111-113 for examples of current incentives already in place in the states and territories).

[96]      Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, p. 13.

[97]      Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, p. 14.

[98]      Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, p. 14.

[99]      Mr Habib Mohammadi, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013,  pp 12–13 (Appearance facilitated by the Foundation for Young Australians, Submission 55).

[100]    Mr Habib Mohammadi, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 13.

[101]    Mr Habib Mohammadi, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 20.

[102]    Mr Habib Mohammadi, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 18.

[103]    Confidential Witness, 5 March 2012, Canberra.

[104]    Mr Christopher Watt, Independent Education Union of Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 6.

[105]    Mr Barr, National Chair, Association of Heads of Independent Schools Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2012, p. 35.

[106]    Mr Christopher Watt, Independent Education Union of Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 6.

[107]    Mr Christopher Watt, Independent Education Union of Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 7.

[108]    Mr Duncan Taylor, Isolated Children's Parent's Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 17.

[109]    Dr Kevin Donnelly, Director, Education Standards Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 32.

[110]    Australian Council for Education Research, PISA in brief: Highlights from the full Australian Report – Challenges for Australian Education: Results from PISA 2009, p. 33.

[111]    Haileybury Independent School, Submission 27, p. 6. (Citing Professor John Hattie's 2008 Research).

[112]    Dr Kevin Donnelly, Director, Education Standards Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 31.

[113]    Dr Kevin Donnelly, Director, Education Standards Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 31.

[114]    Professor Field Rickards, Dean of Education, University of Melbourne, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 14.

[115]    Professor Field Rickards, Dean of Education, University of Melbourne, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 14.

[116]    Children with Disability Australia, Submission 23, p. 4.

[117]    Children with Disability Australia, Submission 23, p. 5. (Footnotes in original submission)

[118]    Australian Education Union, Submission 16, p. 2.

[119]    Australian Education Union, Submission 16, p. 17.

[120]    Children with Disability Australia, Submission 23, p. 9.

[121]    Australian Council of Jewish Schools, Submission 34, p. 1.

[122]    Australian Council of Jewish Schools, Submission 34, p. 1.

[123]    NSW Department of Education and Communities, Implementation Plan for the More Support for Students with Disabilities Initiative, COAG, 2012. Cited in Children with Disability Australia, Submission 23, p. 8.

[124]    Australian Education Union, Submission 16, p. 17.

[125]    Children with Disability Australia, Submission 23, p. 9.

[126]    Australian Education Union, Submission 16, p. 16.

[127]    Children with Disability Australia, Submission 23, p. 9.

[128]    Children with Disability Australia, Submission 23, p. 1.

[129]    Children with Disability Australia, Submission 23, p. 8.

[130]    Department of Education (Western Australia), Fact sheet for parents and communities, http://www.det.wa.edu.au/independentpublicschools/detcms/navigation/information-for-parents-and-communities/overview-of-the-independent-public-schools-initiative/ (accessed 7 May 2013).

[131]    Queensland Department of Education, Training and Employment, 'Great Teachers = Great results: A direct action plan for Queensland schools Factsheet', April 2013.

[132]    Victorian Department of Education and Early Childhood Development, Submission 43, Attachment 1, p. 3.

[133]    Ms Kylie Catto, President, Western Australian Council of State School Organisations Inc, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 42.

[134]    Mr Derek Scott, CEO and Principal, Haileybury, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 46.

[135]    Mr Norm Hart, President, Australian Primary Principals Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 8.

[136]    Mr Geoff Metcalf, Acting Executive Director of Early Childhood Development and former principal of Roseworth Primary School, 'A year and more on', 5 August 2011 (speech given at the launch of the third intake of independent public schools). Available online: http://www.det.wa.edu.au/independentpublicschools/detcms/independent-public-schools/news/ips-.en?oid=NewsItem-id-11871304 (accessed 6 May 2013).

[137]    Save Our Schools, Submission 52, p. 22.

[138]    Ms Kylie Catto, President, Western Australian Council of State School Organisations Inc, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 42.

[139]    Mr Duncan Taylor, Isolated Children's Parent's Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 18.

[140]    Dr Kevin Donnelly, Director, Education Standards Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 29.

[141]    Mr Anish Badgeri, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 13.

[142]    Mr Jonathan Israel, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, pp 12–13.

[143]    Mr Duncan Taylor, Isolated Children's Parent's Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 21.

[144]    Mr Christopher Watt, Federal Secretary, Independent Education Union of Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2012, p. 5.

[145]    The committee has given more weight to Australia's performance in tests that examine creativity and problem solving and not just rote learning, such as OECD PISA.

CHAPTER 4 - Selection, training and registration of teachers

[1]        Dr Ben Jensen, Director, School Education Program, Grattan Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 42.

[2]        Incept Labs, Submission 1, Supplementary Submission, pp 19 – 20. The authors of the Supplementary Submission, coordinated by Incept Labs, are: Dr Chris Goldspink and Dr Robert Kay of Incept Labs, Professor Terry Lovat, Newcastle University, Professor Martin Westwell, Flinders University, Teaching and Learning Services (Department for Education and Child Development, South Australia), and Human Resources and Workforce Development (Department for Education and Child Development, South Australia).

[3]        Incept Labs, Submission 1, Supplementary Submission.

[4]        Professor Geofferey Masters, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Council for Educational Research, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 50.

[5]        Ms Kylie Catto, President, Western Australian Council of State School Organisations, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 43.

[6]        Mrs Hilary Backus, President, Queensland Association of State School Principals, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 9.

[7]        Professor Field Rickards, Dean of Education, University of Melbourne, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 19. See also, Melbourne Graduate School of Education, Submission 20.

[8]        The USA National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, 1999, pp 3–4, cited by Incept Labs, Submission 1, Supplementary Submission, p. 2.

[9]        Incept Labs, Submission 1, Supplementary Submission, p. 14 (see pp 22 – 24 for full references of works cited).

[10]       Australian Government (Denise Bradley, Peter Noonan, Helen Nugent, Bill Scales), Review of Australian Higher Education – Final Report, December 2008, p. xxiii.  

[11]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 5 March 2013 (received 12 April 2013), Q10.

[12]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 5 March 2013 (received 12 April 2013), Q10. See also, Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership, Submission 18, p. 9.

[13]      A public statement that outlines what constitutes teacher quality: Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 5 March 2013 (received 12 April 2013), Q10.

[14]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 5 March 2013 (received 12 April 2013), Q10. See Chapter 2 for recent government announcements in relation to teacher entry standards.

[15]      Melbourne Graduate School of Education, Submission 20, p. 5.

[16]      Professor Stephen Dinham, Professor of Teacher Education, University of Melbourne, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 15.

[17]      Australian Council of Deans of Education, Submission 57, p. 14.

[18]      NSW Government, 'Great Teaching, Inspired Learning'. Cited in Anna Patty, 'Teaching bar raised: 70% of applicants would be rejected', Sydney Morning Herald, 6 March 2013.

[19]      Ms Kylie Catto, President, Western Australian Council of State School Organisations, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 43.

[20]      Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership, Submission 18, p. 9.

[21]      Melbourne Graduate School of Education, Submission 20, p. 5.

[22]      Melbourne Graduate School of Education, Submission 20, p. 5.

[23]      Melbourne Graduate School of Education, Submission 20, p. 6.

[24]      Brenda Cherednichenko, President, Australian Council of Deans of Education, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 20.

[25]      Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute, Response to questions taken on notice, 4 March 2013 (received 27 March 2013).

[26]      Ms Janine McIntosh, Schools Manager, Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 5.

[27]      Professor Geoff Prince, Australian Mathematical Sciences Institure, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 4.

[28]      Dr Alan Finkel, President, Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 4.

[29]      See Chapter 2 of this report.

[30]      Australian Council of Deans of Education, Submission 57, p. 12.

[31]      Mr Norm Hart, President, Australian Primary Principals Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 13

[32]      Professor Geofferey Masters, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Council for Educational Research, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 45.

[33]      Incept Labs, Submission 1, Supplementary Submission, p. 14. (21st Century Skills are refered to Goal 2 of the Melbourne Goals).

[34]      Incept Labs, Submission 1, Supplementary Submission, p. 11.

[35]      Incept Labs, Submission 1, Supplementary Submission, p. 11.

[36]      Incept Labs, Submission 1, Supplementary Submission, p. 11.

[37]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 5 March 2013 (received 12 April 2013), Q10.

[38]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 5 March 2013 (received 12 April 2013), Q10.

[39]      See for example, Melbourne Graduate School of Education, Submission 20, p. 5.

[40]      For example, Dr Ben Jensen, Director, School Education Program, Grattan Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 42.

[41]      Incept Labs, Submission 1, Supplementary Submission, p. 13.

[42]      Incept Labs, Submission 1, Supplementary Submission, p. 13.

[43]      Professor Diane Mayer, Teacher, Education Specialist, Australian Council of Deans of Education, 4 March 2013, p. 25.

[44]      Dr Ben Jensen, Director, School Education Program, Grattan Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 41.

[45]      Brenda Cherednichenko, President, Australian Council of Deans of Education, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 23.

[46]      Ms Misty Adoniou, Private Capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 29.

[47]      See for example: University of Melbourne, Answer to questions taken on notice, 4 March 2013 (received 27 March 2013); Deakin University, Answer to questions taken on notice, 4 March 2013 (received 10 April 2013); Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute, Answer to questions taken on notice, 4 March 2013, (received 27 March 2013).

[48]      Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, Response to question taken on notice, 4 March 2013 (received 28 March 2013).

[49]      Accreditation of Initial Teacher Education Programs in Australia – Standards and Procedures, National Program Standards, 5.6: AITSL, Response to question taken on notice, 5 March 2013 (received 26 March 2013), Q7.

[50]      Mr Norm Hart, President, Australian Primary Principals Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 14.

[51]      Research prepared by the NSW Council of Deans of Education cited by Incept Labs, Submission 1, Supplementary Submission, pp 17 – 18.

[52]      Research prepared by the NSW Council of Deans of Education cited by Incept Labs, Submission 1, Supplementary Submission, pp 17 – 18.

[53]      Ms Lorraine Wilson, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 66.

[54]      Incept Labs, Submission 1, Supplementary Submission, p. 17.

[55]      Melbourne Graduate School of Education, Submission 20, p. 6.

[56]      Professor Field Rickards, Dean of Education, University of Melbourne, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 17.

[57]      Professor Field Rickards, Dean of Education, University of Melbourne, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 17.

[58]      Professor Christine Ure, Head of School, Deakin University, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 17.

[59]      Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership, Submission 18, p. 5.

[60]      Professor Geofferey Masters, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Council for Educational Research, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 46.

[61]      Professor Geofferey Masters, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Council for Educational Research, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 50.

[62]      Mr Norm Hart, President, Australian Primary Principals Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 10.

[63]      Ms Kylie Catto, President, Western Australian Council of State School Organisations, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 41.

[64]      Dr Kevin Donnelly, Director, Education Standards Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 33.

[65]      Dr Ben Jensen, Director, School Education Program, Grattan Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 41.

[66]      Dr Ben Jensen, Director, School Education Program, Grattan Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 37.

[67]      Ms Lorraine Wilson, Response to question taken on notice, 4 March 2013 (received 20 March 2013).

[68]      Professor Geofferey Masters, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Council for Educational Research, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 45.

[69]      Dr Ben Jensen, Director, School Education Program, Grattan Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 42.

[70]      Dr Ben Jensen, Director, School Education Program, Grattan Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 42.

[71]      Professor Cherednichenko, President, Australian Council of Deans of Education, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 25.

[72]      Professor Diane Mayer, Teacher, Education Specialist, Australian Council of Deans of Education, 4 March 2013, p. 26.

[73]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to questions taken on notice, 5 March 2013 (received 27 April 2013), Q11. See also, Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership, Response to questions taken on notice, 5 March 2013 (received 26 March 2013), Q4.

[74]      Dr Ben Jensen, Director, School Education Program, Grattan Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 37.

CHAPTER 5 - Career development, retention and professional learning of teachers

[1]        See for example Ms Lorraine Wilson, Submission 41; Dr David Hornsby, Submission 39; Haileybury Independent School, Submission 27.

[2]        Productivity Commission, Schools Workforce, Research report, April 2012, p. 54.

[3]        Productivity Commission, Schools Workforce, Research report, April 2012, p. 49.

[4]        Professor Brenda Cherednichenko, President, Australian Council of Deans of Education, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 22.

[5]        Mr Angelo Gavrielatos, Australian Education Union, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 61.

[6]        Queensland Association of State School Principals, Submission 8, p. 3.

[7]        Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership, Submission 18, p. 13.

[8]        Professor Stephen Dinham, Professor, Teacher Education, University of Melbourne, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 12.  

[9]        Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership, Submission 18, p. 13.

[10]      Ms Margery Evans, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Institute of Teaching and School Leadership, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 55.

[11]      Ms Margery Evans, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Institute of Teaching and School Leadership, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 55.

[12]      Ms Kylie Rae Catto, President, Western Australian Council of State School Organisations, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 41.

[13]      Emma Macdonald, 'Teacher goes to top of her class', Canberra Times, 2 April 2013, p. 2; Ms Joy Burch, MLA, Minister for Education and Training, '100,000 reasons for top teachers to stay in the classroom', Media release, 3 April 2013.

[14]      Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership, Teacher Performance and Development in Australia: A mapping and analysis of current practice, March 2012, under heading 'Performance and development approach – ACT government system: Processes'. 

[15]      Dr Ben Jensen, Director, School Education Program, Grattan Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, pp. 43–44.

[16]      Dr Ben Jensen, Director, School Education Program, Grattan Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, pp. 43–44.

[17]      University of Melbourne, answer to question on notice (received 27 March 2013).

[18]      Senate Employment, Education and Training References Committee, A Class Act – Report on the Status of the Teaching Profession, 1998, p. 205.

[19]      Senate Employment, Education and Training References Committee, A Class Act – Report on the Status of the Teaching Profession, 1998, p. 126.

[20]      Productivity Commission, Schools Workforce, Research report, April 2012, p. 55.

[21]      Productivity Commission, Schools Workforce, Research report, April 2012, p. 55.

[22]      Ms Alex Gordon, Group Manager, Curriculum, Assessment and Teaching Group, Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Proof Committee Hansard, p. 59.

[23]      Australian Council of Deans of Education, Submission 57, p. 6.

[24]      Mrs Hilary Backus, President, Queensland Association of State School Principals, Proof Committee Hansard, Tuesday 5 March 2013, p. 10.

[25]      Ms Lorraine Wilson, Private capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, p. 63.

[26]      Mr Norm Hart, President, Australian Primary Principals Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 10.

[27]      Professor Geoff Prince, Director, Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 9.

[28]      Mrs Hilary Backus, Queensland Association of State School Principals, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 10.

[29]      Australian Education Union, answer to question on notice (received 28 March 2013).

[30]      Melbourne University, answer to question taken on notice, 4 March 2013 (received 27 March 2013).

[31]      Productivity Commission, Schools Workforce, Research report, April 2012, p. 325.

[32]      Productivity Commission, Schools Workforce, Research report, April 2012, p. 327.

[33]      Australian Council of Deans of Education, Submission 57, p. 6.

[34]      Mr Duncan Taylor, President, Isolated Children's Parents' Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 18.

[35]      Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership, Submission 18, p. 13.

[36]      Dr Ben Jensen, Director, School Education Program, Grattan Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 44.

[37]      Professor Geoffrey Masters, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Council for Educational Research, Proof Committee Hansard, pp 45–46.

[38]      Productivity Commission, Schools Workforce, Research report, April 2012, p. 63.

[39]      Mr Christopher Watt, Federal Secretary, Independent Education Union of Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 3.

[40]      Ms Misty Adoniou, Private capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 27.

[41]      Ms Misty Adoniou, Private capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, p. 24.

[42]      Australian Primary Principals Association, Submission 17, p. 4.

[43]      Professor Christine Ure, Head of School, School of Education, Deakin University, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 14.

[44]      Independent Education Union, Submission 12, p. 15.

[45]      Independent Education Union, Submission 12, p. 15.

[46]      Tasmanian Department of Education, Submission 40, p. 7.

[47]      Mrs Michele Bernshaw, Principal, King David School, Australian Council of Jewish Schools, Proof Committee Hansard, p. 5.

[48]      Ms Misty Adoniou, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 27. The ACT Government has recently moved to address this deficiency: See Chapter 2.

[49]      Incept Labs, Submission 1, Supplementary Submission.

[50]      Ms Anne Hastings, Principal, Emanuel School, Australian Council of Jewish Schools, Proof Committee Hansard, p. 7.

[51]      Dr Chistopher Goldspink, Director, Incept Labs, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 38.

[52]      Productivity Commission, Schools Workforce, Research report, April 2012, p. 63.

[53]      Australian Council of Deans of Education, Submission 57, p. 8.

[54]      University of Melbourne, Submission 20, p. 6.

[55]      Deakin University (Burwood), Submission 22.

[56]      Mr Andrew Barr, National Chair, Association of Heads of Independent Schools of Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 32.

[57]      State of Victoria, Department of Education, Early Childhood Development, New directions for school leadership and the teaching profession: Discussion paper (2012), p. 20. See also Submission 43, Attachment 1.

[58]      State of Victoria, Department of Education, Early Childhood Development, New directions for school leadership and the teaching profession: Discussion paper (2012), p. 22. See also Submission 43, Attachment 1.

[59]      See for example Deakin University (Burwood), Submission 22, pp. 3–7; Mr Andrew Barr, National Chair, Association of Heads of Independent Schools of Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 31.

[60]      Association of Heads of Independent Schools of Australia, Submission 3, p. 6.

[61]      Mr Derek Scott, CEO and Principal, Haileybury Independent School, Proof Committee Hansard, p. 51.

[62]      Haileybury Independent School, Submission 27, p. 8.

[63]      Deakin University (Burwood), Submission 22, p. 1.

[64]      Mr Angelo Gavrielatos, Federal President, Australian Education Union, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 53.

[65]      Dr Ben Jensen, Director, School Education Program, Grattan Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 40.

[66]      Mr Derek Scott, CEO and Principal, Haileybury Independent School, Proof Committee Hansard, p. 49.

[67]      Haileybury Independent School, Submission 27, p. 11.

[68]      Haileybury Independent School, Submission 27, p. 9.

[69]      Haileybury Independent School, Submission 27, p. 9.

[70]      Isolated Children's Parents' Association, Submission 35, p. 3.

[71]      Mrs Michele Bernshaw, Principal, King David School, Australian Council of Jewish Schools, Proof Committee Hansard, 22 February 2013, p. 7.

[72]      Mr Angelo Gavrielatos, Federal President, Australian Education Union, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2012, p. 59.

[73]      Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership, answer to question on notice, 5 March 2013 (received 26 March 2013), p. 4.

[74]      Mr Chris Watt, Federal Secretary, Independent Education Union of Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 2.

[75]      Dr Ben Jensen, Director, School Education Program, Grattan Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 40.

[76]      Mr Duncan Taylor, President, Isolated Children's Parents Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 19.

[77]      Incept Labs, Submission 1, Supplementary Submission, p. 14.

[78]      Independent Education Union, Submission 12, p. 13.

[79]      Australian Education Union, Submission 16, p. 33.

[80]      Productivity Commission, Schools Workforce, Research report, April 2012, p. 90.

[81]      Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute, Submission 5, p. 16.

[82]      Dr Alan Finkel, President, Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, Proof Committee Hansard, 4 March 2013, p. 9.

[83]      Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, answer to question on notice (received 28 March 2013).

[84]      Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute, answer to question on notice, 4 March 2013, (received 27 March 2013), Q4.

[85]      Ms Misty Adoniou, Private capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 29.

[86]      Australian Catholic University, Submission 56, pp. 17–18.

[87]      Dr William Griffiths, Chief Executive Officer, National Catholic Education Commission, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, pp. 48–49.

[88]      Ms Misty Adoniou, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 27.

[89]      For example: Deakin University, Melbourne University, answer to question taken on notice, 4 March 2013 (received on 10 April 2013 and 27 March respectively). See also, Chapter 4.

[90]      Ms Misty Adoniou, Private capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 30.

[91]      Ms Alex Gordon, Group Manager, Curriculum, Assessment and Teaching, Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 59.

[92]      Ms Misty Adoniou, Private capacity, Proof Committee Hansard, 5 March 2013, p. 30.

[93]      Haileybury Independent School, Submission 27, p. 11.

APPENDIX 3

[1]        House of Representatives Standing Committee on Education and Vocational Training, Top of the class: report on the inquiry into teacher education, Canberra, 2007, accessed 19 April 2013.

[2]        For example, House of Representatives Standing Committee on Employment, Education and Training, The literacy challenge: strategies for early intervention for literacy and learning for Australian children, AGPS, Canberra, 1992.

[3]        Productivity Commission (PC), Schools workforce, Research report, PC, Canberra, 2012, accessed 19 April 2013.

[4]        Ibid.

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