Footnotes

Footnotes

Chapter 1 - Introduction and overview of the bill

[1]        The 'forward estimates' usually refers to the current fiscal year and three forward years (in this instance, 2016–17 to 2019–20). The Explanatory Memorandum includes the last financial year, 2015–16, in the savings projections. References to savings over the forward estimates in this report refer to the financial impact of measures from 2015–16 to 2019–20. See Table 1 in this report for more detail.

[2]        The Hon Scott Morrison MP, Treasurer, Second Reading Speech, House of Representatives Proof Hansard, 31 August 2016, p. 34.

[3]        A correction to the Explanatory Memorandum projects total savings of $5,996.6 million over the forward estimates.

[4]        The Hon Scott Morrison MP, Treasurer, Second Reading Speech, House of Representatives Proof Hansard, 31 August 2016, p. 3.

[5]        Explanatory Memorandum, Budget Savings (Omnibus) Bill 2016 (hereafter 'Explanatory Memorandum'), p. 5.

[6]        Explanatory Memorandum, p. 5.

[7]        Explanatory Memorandum, p. 5.

[8]        Explanatory Memorandum, p. 5.

[9]        Explanatory Memorandum, p. 5.

[10]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 5.

[11]      Correction to the Explanatory Memorandum.

[12]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 5.

[13]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 15.

[14]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 6.

[15]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 6.

[16]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 6.

[17]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 6.

[18]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 17.

[19]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 6.

[20]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 6.

[21]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 18.

[22]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 20.

[23]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 21.

Chapter 2 - Higher education financial support measures

[1]        Explanatory Memorandum, p. 7.

[2]        Australian Taxation Office, HELP, SSL, ABSTUDY SSL, TSL and SFSS repayment thresholds and rates, https://www.ato.gov.au/Rates/HELP,-TSL-and-SFSS-repayment-thresholds-and-rates/ (accessed: 7 September 2016).

[3]        Universities Australia, Submission 128, p. 1.

[4]        Public Health Association of Australia, Submission 133, p. 5; Council of Academic Public Health Institutions Australia, Submission 164, p. 1; Australia Institute, Submission 169, p. 12.

[5]        Senate Education and Employment Legislation Committee, Higher Education and Research Reform Amendment Bill 2014 [Provisions], 28 October 2014, p. 56.

[6]        The index is calculated based primarily on movements in the Wage Price Index for Professional Scientific and Technical Services (75 per cent), with the remainder based on the CPI.

[7]        Explanatory Memorandum, p. 7.

[8]        Universities Australia, Submission 128, p. 1.

[9]        The Hon. Scott Morrison MP, Treasurer of Australia, House of Representatives Hansard, 31 August 2016, p. 33.

[10]      Australia Institute, Submission 169, p. 13.

[11]      National Union of Students, Submission 179, p. 4.

[12]      Universities Australia, Submission 128, p. 2.

[13]      Australian Government, Study Assist website, 'HECS-HELP Benefit', http://studyassist.gov.au/sites/studyassist/payingbackmyloan/hecs-help-benefit/pages/hecshelpbenefit, accessed 7 September 2016.

[14]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 29.

[15]      National Union of Students, Submission 179, p 4.

[16]      Universities Australia, Submission 128 p. 1.

Chapter 3 - Health measures

[1]        Explanatory Memorandum, p. 47.

[2]        Australian Taxation Office, Medicare Levy Surcharge, https://www.ato.gov.au/Individuals/Medicare-levy/Medicare-levy-surcharge/ (accessed: 8 September 2016).

[3]        Australian Taxation Office, Private Health Insurance Rebate, https://www.ato.gov.au/individuals/medicare-levy/private-health-insurance-rebate/ (accessed: 8 September 2016).

[4]        Explanatory Memorandum, p. 47.

[5]        Consumers Health Forum of Australia, Submission 114, p. 4; Public Health Association of Australia, Submission 133, p. 5.

[6]        Consumers Health Forum of Australia, Submission 114, p. 4; Australian Healthcare and Hospitals Association, Submission 120, p. 2.

[7]        Australian Healthcare and Hospitals Association, Submission 120, p. 2.

[8]        Public Health Association of Australia, Submission 133, p. 5.

[9]        Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission 177, p. 16.

[10]      Explanatory Memorandum, pp. 9–10.

[11]      Consumers Health Forum of Australia, Submission 114, p. 5.

[12]      Australian Healthcare and Hospitals Association, Submission 120, p. 1.

[13]      Consumers Health Forum of Australia, Submission 114, p. 5.

[14]      Australian Healthcare and Hospitals Association, Submission 120, p. 2.

[15]      Catholic Health Australia, Submission 154, p. 1.

[16]      Catholic Health Australia, Submission 154, p. 2.

[17]      Catholic Health Australia, Submission 154, p. 2; Leading Age Services Australia, Submission 157, p. 6.

[18]      Leading Age Services Australia, Submission 157, p. 5.

[19]      Salvation Army Australia, Submission, 155, p. 3.

[20]      Leading Age Services Australia, Submission 157, p. 6.

[21]      Catholic Health Australia, Submission 154, p. 2.

[22]      COTA Australia, Submission 180, p.3.

[23]      COTA Australia, Submission 180, p.3.

[24]      Leading Age Services Australia, Submission 157, p. 6; Salvation Army Australia, Submission 155, p. 3.

[25]      Department of Health, Report on the Review of the Dental Benefits Act 2008, http://www.health.gov.au/internet/publications/publishing.nsf/Content/Report_+Review_DBAct~Report_+Review_DBAct_bground~Report_+Review_DBAct_DBA

[26]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 78.

[27]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 74.

[28]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 12.

[29]      NSW Council of Social Service (NCOSS), Submission 122, p. 2; Consumers Health Forum of Australia Submission 114, p. 2; Dr Niraj Lal, Submission 113, p.6; Australian Dental Association, Submission 175, p.1.

[30]      NSW Council of Social Service (NCOSS), Submission 122, p. 2.

[31]      Australian Healthcare and Hospitals Association, Submission 86, pp. 3–4.

[32]      Australian Healthcare and Hospitals Association, Submission 120, p.3; Australian Dental Association, Submission 175, p.1.

[33]      Australian Dental Association, Submission 175, p. 3; cohealth, Submission 131, p. 6.

[34]      Australian Healthcare and Hospitals Association, Submission 120, p. 2; Australian Dental Association, Submission 175, p. 3.

[35]      Australian Dental Association Submission 175, pp. 3–4.

Chapter 4 - Welfare measures

[1]        Explanatory Memorandum, p. 35.

[2]        Explanatory Memorandum, p. 35.

[3]        Explanatory Memorandum, p. 39.

[4]        National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 163, p. 5.

[5]        The Australia Institute, Submission 169, p. 14; National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 163, p. 5.

[6]        Explanatory Memorandum, p. 91.

[7]        Senate Community Affairs Committee, 'Answers to estimates questions on notice - Social Services portfolio', Question no. SQ16-000154, 2016.

[8]        Senate Community Affairs Committee, 'Answers to estimates questions on notice - Social Services portfolio', Question no. SQ16-000154, 2016.

[9]        National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 163, p. 3; ACOSS, Submission 86, p. 6.

[10]      ACOSS, Submission 86, p. 6.

[11]      Disabled People’s Organisations Australia, Submission 151, p. 2.

[12]      ACOSS, Submission 86, p. 6; Universities Australia, Submission 128, p. 1.

[13]      Universities Australia, Submission 128, p. 1.

[14]      Explanatory Memorandum, pp. 146–147.

[15]      The Australia Institute, Submission 169, pp. 15–16; Australian Unemployed Workers' Union, Submission 156, [p. 7].

[16]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 163, p. 15.

[17]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 86, p. 6.

[18]      Australian Unemployed Workers' Union, Submission 156, [p. 6].

[19]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 86, p. 6.

[20]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 163, pp.15-17; ACOSS, Submission 86, p. 6.

[21]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 193.

[22]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 163, p. 19.

[23]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 202.

[24]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 202.

[25]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 202.

[26]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 202.

[27]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 163, p. 19.

[28]      The backdated start day rules are contained in Part 3 of Schedule 18 of the Social Security Administration Act 1999 while the general start day rules are contained in Part 2 of Schedule 18. Explanatory Memorandum, p. 211.

[29]      Disabled People's Organisation Australia, Submission 151, p. 3.

[30]      COTA Australia, Submission 180, p. 5.

[31]      Combined Pensioners and Superannuants Association, Submission 126, p. 4.

[32]      Superannuated Commonwealth Officers' Association, Submission 127, [p. 2].

[33]      COTA Australia, Submission 180, p. 5.

[34]      Combined Pensioners and Superannuants Association, Submission 126, p. 4.

[35]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 163, p. 2, ACOSS, Submission 86, p. 7.

[36]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 225.

[37]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 225.

[38]      COTA Australia, Submission 180, pp. 5–6.

[39]      Leading Age Services Australia, Submission 157, p. 8.

[40]      ACOSS, Submission 86, p. 7.

[41]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 163, p. 22.

[42]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 229.

[43]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 229.

[44]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 163, p. 22.

[45]      Australian Association of Social Workers, Submission 150, p. 3.

[46]      Australian Unemployed Workers' Union, Submission 156, [p. 7].

[47]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 233.

[48]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 240.

[49]      Journals of the Senate, No. 90, 26 March 2015, pp. 2458–2459.

[50]      See Social Security Act 1991, s. 1158; Explanatory Memorandum, p. 233.

[51]      Senate Community Affairs Legislation Committee, Social Services Legislation Amendment Bill 2015 [Provisions], June 2016, p. 2.

[52]      See Social Security and Veterans' Affairs (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 1986, s. 51.

[53]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 233.

[54]      Franks v Secretary, Department of Family and Community Services (2002) FCAFC 436.

[55]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 233.

[56]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 240.

[57]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 234.

[58]      National Mental Health Commission, Submission 82, p. 2.

[59]      Western Australian Association for Mental Health, Submission 117, p. 3.

[60]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 241.

[61]      Senate Community Affairs Legislation Committee, Social Services Legislation Amendment Bill 2015 [Provisions], June 2015, http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/ Senate/Community_Affairs/Social_Services_2015/Report (accessed 7 September 2016).

[62]      Western Australian Association for Mental Health, Submission 117, p. 7.

[63]      Senate Community Affairs Legislation Committee, Social Services Legislation Amendment Bill 2015 [Provisions], June 2015, p. 3. 

[64]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 236.

[65]      National Mental Health Commission, Submission 82, p. 3.

[66]      See, for example, National Mental Health Commission, Submission 82, p. 3; Mental Health Legal Centre, Submission 118, p. 3.

[67]      ACOSS, Submission 86, p. 5.

[68]      Mental Health Review Tribunal, Submission 139, p. 3.

[69]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 241.

[70]      Payment recipients and concession card holders who first receive the energy supplement on or after 20 September 2016 will only be able to receive the supplement until 19 March 2017.

[71]      Department of Human Services, Energy Supplement, https://www.humanservices.gov.au/ customer/services/centrelink/energy-supplement (accessed 7 September 16).

[72]      Catholic Social Services Australia, Submission 72; ACOSS, Submission 86; NSW Council of Social Service (NCOSS), Submission 122; Salvation Army Australia, Submission 155; Disabled Persons Organisation Australia, Submission 151; SA Anti-Poverty Network, Submission 152; Electrical Trades Union of Australia, Submission 149; Australian Unemployed Workers' Union, Submission 156.

[73]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 163, p. 2.

[74]      Catholic Social Services Australia, Submission 72, p. 1.

[75]      Good Shepherd Microfinance, Submission 167, p. 2.

[76]      Good Shepherd Microfinance, Submission 167, p. 2.

[77]      Carers Australia, Submission 71, p. 5.

[78]      Disabled People's Organisations Australia, Submission 151, p. 6.

[79]      Carers Australia, Submission 71, p. 5.

[80]      cohealth, Submission 131, p. 4.

[81]      David Plunkett, Submission 24, pp. 3­­–4.

[82]      Superannuated Commonwealth Officers' Association, Submission 127, p. 1.

[83]      ACOSS, Submission 86, p. 3.

[84]      Combined Pensioners and Superannuants Association, Submission 126, p. 5; cohealth, Submission 131, p. 4; Superannuated Commonwealth Officers' Association, Submission 127, p. 1.

[85]      Superannuated Commonwealth Officers' Association, Submission 127, p. 1.

[86]      ACOSS, Submission 86, p. 3; Disabled People's Organisations Australia, Submission 151, p. 5; Australia Institute, Submission 169 p. 16.

[87]      The Hon. Scott Morrison MP, Treasurer of Australia, House of Representatives Hansard, 31 August 2016, p. 35.

[88]      The Hon. Scott Morrison MP, Treasurer of Australia, House of Representatives Hansard, 31 August 2016, p. 35.

Chapter 5 - Australian Renewable Energy Agency financing, and other measures

[1]        Explanatory Memorandum, p. 45. 

[2]        While the bill has no impact on ARENA's 2016–17 funding, the Explanatory Memorandum notes that the funding available for ARENA in the 2016–17 Budget differs from the amount in the current iteration of subsection 64(1) for 2016–17. The difference is not due to any additional appropriation for ARENA, but rather to 'some unspent amounts carried over from previous years under sub-section 64(2) being reprofiled in the Budget to match ARENA's updated profile of payment commitments'. Explanatory Memorandum, p. 45.

[3]        Explanatory Memorandum, p. 8.

[4]        Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA), Submission 141, p. 1.

[5]        Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA), Annual Report 2014–15 (September 2015), p. 17.

[6]        Senate Economics Legislation Committee, Australian Renewable Energy Agency (Repeal) Bill 2014 [Provisions] (September 2014).

[7]        Explanatory Memorandum, p. 8.

[8]        Australian Government, Budget 2016–17, Budget Paper No. 2, p. 89.

[9]        The Prime Minister, the Hon. Malcolm Turnbull MP, and the Minister for the Environment, the Hon. Greg Hunt MP, joint media release, 'Turnbull Government taking strong new approach to clean and renewable energy innovation in Australia', 23 March 2016.

[10]      The Prime Minister, the Hon. Malcolm Turnbull MP, and the Minister for the Environment, the Hon. Greg Hunt MP, joint media release, 'Turnbull Government taking strong new approach to clean and renewable energy innovation in Australia', 23 March 2016.

[11]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 8.

[12]      Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA), Submission 141, p. 1.

[13]      Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA), Submission 141, p. 1.

[14]      Australian PV Institute, Submission 125, p. 1.

[15]      North Queensland Conservation Council, Submission 41, p. 1.

[16]      Geodynamics, Submission 112, p. 2.

[17]      Reelectrify, Submission 48, p. 1. A similar argument was made by the Clean Energy Council. Clean Energy Council, Submission 137, p. [4].

[18]      Carnegie Wave Energy, Submission 129, p. 1.

[19]      Energus, Submission 74, p. 1.

[20]      Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA), Submission 141, p. 1.

[21]      Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA), Submission 141, p. 2.

[22]      Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA), Submission 141, p. 2.

[23]      Australian Conservation Foundation, Submission 136, p. 2.

[24]      Australian Conservation Foundation, Submission 136, p. 3.

[25]      Clean Energy Council, Submission 137, p. 6.

[26]      For example, Professor Andrew Blakers (ANU) & Dr Richard Corkish (UNSW), Submission 14, p. 1; North Queensland Conservation Council, Submission 41, p. 1–2; Dr Klaus Weber, Submission 58, p. 2.

[27]      For example, Mr Jeremy Wray, Submission 79, p. 1.

[28]      Dr Mark Keevers, Submission 78, p. 1.

[29]      Professor Andrew Blakers (ANU) & Dr Richard Corkish (UNSW), Submission 14, p. 1.

[30]      Associate Professor Kylie Catchpole, Submission 69, p. 1.

[31]      For example, Street Coolers, Submission 45, p. 1; Dr Klaus Weber, Submission 58, pp.1–2; Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS), Submission 86, p. 8; Geodynamics, Submission 112, p. 1; Australian Conservation Foundation, Submission 136, p. 6.

[32]      Senate Economics Legislation Committee, report, Tax and Superannuation Laws Amendment (Measures No. 5) Bill 2014 [provisions], 28 October 2014.

[33]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 292; Tax and Superannuation Laws Amendment (2015 Measures No. 3) Bill 2015, Explanatory Memorandum, p. 12.

[34]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 290.

[35]      Explanatory Memorandum, p. 290.

[36]      AusBiotech, Submission 162, p. 1.

[37]      AusBiotech, Submission 162, p. 2.

[38]      Research Australia, Submission 176, p. 7.

[39]      Australian Private Equity & Venture Capital Association Limited, Submission 119, p. 2.

[40]      RSM Australia, Submission 166, p. 2.

[41]      Explanatory Memorandum, pp. 295–96.

[42]      CPA Australia, Submission 168, p. 1.

[43]      House of Representatives Hansard, 11 February 2016, p. 1357.

[44]      The Prime Minister, the Hon. Malcolm Turnbull MP, and the Minister for the Environment, the Hon. Greg Hunt MP, joint media release, 'Turnbull Government taking strong new approach to clean and renewable energy innovation in Australia', 23 March 2016.

Dissenting report by the Australian Greens

[1]        http://www.chrisbowen.net/media-centre/media-releases.do?newsId=7211

[2]        http://www.aph.gov.au/DocumentStore.ashx?id=9fa33a86-78a2-46c2-9a92-de30cf174716&subId=413533

[3]        http://www.aph.gov.au/DocumentStore.ashx?id=ad486594-ad3e-4270-8d0a-10d56b14a571&subId=413721

[4]        http://www.aph.gov.au/DocumentStore.ashx?id=ad486594-ad3e-4270-8d0a-10d56b14a571&subId=413721

[5]        http://www.aph.gov.au/DocumentStore.ashx?id=9fa33a86-78a2-46c2-9a92-de30cf174716&subId=413533

[6]        http://www.aph.gov.au/DocumentStore.ashx?id=49cc0c38-3293-4fe3-adae-d7aa11ad8e51&subId=413672

[7]        http://www.aph.gov.au/DocumentStore.ashx?id=49cc0c38-3293-4fe3-adae-d7aa11ad8e51&subId=413672

[8]        http://www.aph.gov.au/DocumentStore.ashx?id=9fa33a86-78a2-46c2-9a92-de30cf174716&subId=413533

[9]        http://www.aph.gov.au/DocumentStore.ashx?id=49cc0c38-3293-4fe3-adae-d7aa11ad8e51&subId=413672

[10]      http://www.aph.gov.au/DocumentStore.ashx?id=2e610459-6e1d-4862-98fd-df651a30bba7&subId=413667

[11]      http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Community_Affairs/ Social_Services_2015/Report/d02

[12]      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), Oral health and dental care in Australia: key facts and figures 2015 http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=60129554382

[13]      http://www.aph.gov.au/DocumentStore.ashx?id=cb541af0-1008-4cea-8185-0ca503c40912&subId=413697

[14]      https://www.anao.gov.au/work/performance-audit/administration-child-dental-benefits-schedule

[15]      http://www.aph.gov.au/DocumentStore.ashx?id=cb541af0-1008-4cea-8185-0ca503c40912&subId=413697

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