Footnotes

Footnotes

Chapter 1 - Introduction

[1]        Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 9, citing Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 23 October 2008,
pp. 7 and 27, http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/4326.02007?OpenDocument (accessed 11 November 2018).

[2]        Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 9, citing ABS, National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 23 October 2008, p. 1.

[3]        Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 12.

[4]        Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 21.

[5]        See, for example: Norman Hermant, 'Flying Doctors fight barriers to treat mental illness in rural Australia', ABC News, 3 June 2017, https://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-06-03/isolation-remains-huge-barrier-to-treating-mental-illness/8579560 (accessed 20 November 2018).

[6]        Royal Flying Doctor Service (RFDS), Mental Health in Remote and Rural Communities, March 2017. Received by the committee as: RFDS, Submission 22, Attachment 1.

[7]        RFDS, Submission 22, Attachment 1, p. 9.

[8]        RFDS, Submission 22, Attachment 1, pp. 14–15.

[9]        Lucy Barbour, 'Royal Flying Doctors warn rural mental services in "crisis" due to funding shortage', AM, ABC Radio News and Current Affairs, 22 January 2018, https://www.abc.net.au/radio/programs/am/rfds-warns-rural-mental-services-in-crisis/9347960 (accessed 20 November 2018).       

[10]      Sabra Lane, 'Mental health a "universal challenge" for Australia: Greg Hunt', AM, ABC Radio News and Current Affairs, 22 January 2018, https://www.abc.net.au/radio/programs/am/mental-health-universal-challenge-for-australia-greg-hunt/9348308 (accessed 20 November 2018).

[11]      Journals of the Senate, No. 88, 19 March 2018, p. 2787.

[12]      Journals of the Senate, No. 88, 19 March 2018, p. 2787.

[13]      ABS, Defining Remoteness Areas, 16 March 2018, http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Latestproducts/1270.0.55.005Main%20Features15July%202016?opendocument&tabname=Summary&prodno=1270.0.55.005&issue=July%202016&num=&view= (accessed 11 November 2018).

[14]      ABS, Map of 2016 Remoteness Areas, 16 March 2018, http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Latestproducts/1270.0.55.005Main%20Features5July%202016?opendocument&tabname=Summary&prodno=1270.0.55.005&issue=July%202016&num=&view= (accessed 11 November 2018).

[15]      Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 9.

[16]      ABS, National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 23 October 2008, p. 4; Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 9.

[17]      ABS, National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 23 October 2008, p. 4; Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), Mental health services in Australia: in brief 2018, 11 October 2018, p. 1, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/mental-health-services/mental-health-services-in-australia-in-brief-2018/contents/table-of-contents (accessed 12 November 2018).

[18]      ABS, National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 23 October 2008, p. 7. See also: National Rural Health Alliance, Submission 37, p. 7.

[19]      ABS, National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 23 October 2008, p. 30. See also: RFDS, Submission 22, Attachment 1, p. 9; National Rural Health Alliance, Submission 37, p. 7.

[20]      Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 22.

[21]      Department of Health, Submission 30, pp. 22–23.

[22]      RFDS, Submission 22, p. 2.

[23]      AIHW, Australia's Health 2018, p. 8, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/australias-health/australias-health-2018/contents/table-of-contents (accessed 12 November 2018).

[24]      RFDS, Submission 22, Attachment 1, p. 15; One Door Mental Health, Submission 122,
[pp. 2 and 5].

[25]      RFDS, Submission 22, p. 2; Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 23; Australian Mental Health Commissions, Submission 52, p. 6.

[26]      RFDS, Submission 22, p. 2; Australian Mental Health Commissions, Submission 52, p. 16; National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO), Submission 128, pp. 2–3.

[27]      NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 2.

[28]      NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 2.

[29]      Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Healing Foundation (Healing Foundation), Submission 39, p. 3; NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 2.

[30]      National Rural Health Alliance, Submission 37, p. 8.

[31]      NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 2.

[32]      Department of Health, Submission 30, pp. 3–4.

[33]      Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 4.

[34]      Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 16.

[35]      Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 4.

[36]      Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 4.

[37]      Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 4; National Mental Health Commission, Contributing Lives, Thriving Communities: Report of the National Review of Mental Health Programmes and Services–Summary, 30 November 2014, p. 8, http://www.mentalhealthcommission.gov.au/
our-reports/our-national-report-cards/2014-contributing-lives-review.aspx
(accessed 12 November 2018).

[38]      Council of Australian Governments (COAG), Fifth National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan (Fifth National Plan), p. 4, https://www.coaghealthcouncil.gov.au/
Portals/0/Fifth%20National%20Mental%20Health%20and%20Suicide%20Prevention%20Plan.pdf
(accessed 12 November 2018).

[39]      COAG, Fifth National Plan, p. 2.

[40]      COAG, Fifth National Plan, pp. 24–25.

[41]      COAG, Fifth National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan: Implementation Plan, pp. 10–11, https://www.coaghealthcouncil.gov.au/Portals/0/Fifth%20National%20Mental%
20Health%20and%20Suicide%20Prevention%20Plan_Implementation%20Plan.pdf
(accessed 20 November 2018).

[42]      COAG, Fifth National Plan, p. v.

[43]      COAG, Fifth National Plan, p. 9.

[44]      Government of Western Australia, Submission 35, p. 4.

[45]      Government of Western Australia, Submission 35, p. 2.

[46]      Consumers of Mental Health WA, Submission 31, p. 3.

[47]      Northern Territory Government, Northern Territory Mental Health Strategic Plan 2015–2021, 2015, p. 8, http://hdl.handle.net/10137/988 (accessed 5 November 2018).

[48]      NT Department of Health, About NT Health, https://health.nt.gov.au/health-governance/about-nt-health (accessed 12 November 2018).

[49]      NT Department of Health, Mental health information for health professionals, https://health.nt.gov.au/professionals/mental-health-information-for-health-professional (accessed 12 November 2018).

[50]      Northern Territory Government, NT Mental Health Strategic Plan 2015–2021, 2015, p. 13.

[51]      SA Health, Mental health services, https://www.sahealth.sa.gov.au/wps/wcm/connect/
Public+Content/SA+Health+Internet/Health+services/Mental+health+services/
(accessed
6 November 2018).

[52]      SA Health, South Australian Suicide Prevention Plan 2017-2021, 2017, https://www.sahealth.sa.gov.au/wps/wcm/connect/public+content/sa+health+internet/health+
services/mental+health+services/suicide+prevention+plan+feedback
(accessed 12 November 2018).

[53]      Australian Mental Health Commissions, Submission 52, p. 5.

[54]      South Australian Mental Health Commission, SA Mental Health Strategic Plan 2017–2022, 14 December 2017, p. 36, http://samentalhealthcommission.com.au/the-plan/downloads/ (accessed 12 November 2018).

[55]      Queensland Mental Health Commission, Queensland Rural and Remote Mental Health and Wellbeing Action Plan 2016–18, p. 3, https://www.qmhc.qld.gov.au/about/publications/
browse/strategy-and-action-plans/queensland-rural-and-remote-mental-health-and-wellbeing-action-plan-2016-18
(accessed 5 November 2018).

[56]      Queensland Health, Queensland Health organisational structure, https://www.health.qld.gov.au/system-governance/health-system/managing/org-structure (accessed 12 November 2018).

[57]      Australian Mental Health Commissions, Submission 52, p. 5.

[58]      Mr Ivan Frkovic, Commissioner, Queensland Mental Health Commission, Committee Hansard, Mount Isa, 29 August 2018, p. 49.

[59]      NSW Government, Submission 106, p. 5.

[60]      NSW Government, Submission 106, p. 7, 13–15.

[61]      NSW Government, Submission 106, p. 6–7.

[62]      Australian Mental Health Commissions, Submission 52, p. 5.

[63]      NSW Government, Submission 106, p. 9. See also: Mental Health Commission of New South Wales, Living Well reforms, https://nswmentalhealthcommission.com.au/living-well-agenda/living-well-reforms (accessed 12 November 2018).

[64]      NSW Health, NSW Strategic Framework and Workforce Plan for Mental Health 2018–2022, 27 September 2018, https://www.health.nsw.gov.au/mentalhealth/publications/Publications/mh-strategic-framework.pdf (accessed 12 November 2018).

[65]      NSW Government, Submission 106, pp. 6 and 10.

[66]      Victorian Government, Submission 100, p. 1.

[67]      Mental Health Complaints Commissioner, Our Role, https://www.mhcc.vic.gov.au/about-the-mhcc/our-role (accessed 6 November 2018).

[68]      Victorian Government, Submission 100, p. 1.

[69]      Department of Health and Human Services, Statewide Mental Health Services, https://www.dhhs.tas.gov.au/mentalhealth (accessed 12 November 2018).

[70]      Department of Health and Human Services, Mental Health Services in Tasmania, https://www.dhhs.tas.gov.au/mentalhealth/mhs_tas (accessed 12 November 2018).

[71]      Department of Health and Human Services, A Long-Term Plan for Mental Health in Tasmania 2015–25, October 2015, p. 11 https://www.dhhs.tas.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/
202496/DHHS_Rethink_Mental_Health_WEB.pdf
(accessed 12 November 2018).

[72]      Department of Health, Tasmania PHN Profile, Tasmania PHN Factsheet, http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/PHN-Tasmania (accessed 12 November 2018).

[73]      ACT Health, Mental Health Services, https://health.act.gov.au/services-and-programs/mental-health/mental-health-services (accessed 12 November 2018).

[74]      Journals of the Senate, No. 88, 19 March 2018, p. 2787.

[75]      Journals of the Senate, No. 121, 20 September 2018, p. 3845; Journals of the Senate, No. 131, 27 November 2018, p. 4261.

Chapter 2 - Funding and mental health service models

[1]        Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), Mental health services in Australia: Expenditure on mental health services, 11 October 2018, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/
mental-health-services/mental-health-services-in-australia/report-contents/expenditure-on-mental-health-related-services
(accessed 25 October 2018). See also: Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 3.

[2]        Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 3.

[3]        AIHW, Mental health services in Australia: Expenditure on mental health services, 11 October 2018, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/mental-health-services/mental-health-services-in-australia/report-contents/expenditure-on-mental-health-related-services (accessed 25 October 2018).

[4]        Australian Mental Health Commissions, Submission 52, p. 5.

[5]        Ms Nicole Cockayne, Director of Discovery and Innovation, Black Dog Institute, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 September 2018, p. 11; Ms Elizabeth Foley, Federal Professional Officer, Australian Nursing and Midwifery Federation, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 18; Alannah and Madeline Foundation, Submission 73, p. 8; Mr Nicholas William Newman, Mental Health Coordinator, Ngaanyatjarra Health Service, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 20.

[6]        Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 3; Department of Health, answer to question on notice No. 312, 2018–19 Budget estimates, 30 May 2018.

[7]        Department of Health, answer to question on notice No. 312, 2018–19 Budget estimates, 30 May 2018.

[8]        Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 5; Commonwealth of Australia, Budget Measures: Budget Paper No. 2 2018–19, p. 122–124.

[9]        Department of Health, Submission 30, pp. 4–5. See also Department of Health, PHN Background, 19 July 2018, http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/
Content/PHN-Background
(accessed 2 November 2018).

[10]      Dr Alison Morehead, First Assistant Secretary, Primary Care and Mental Health Division, Department of Health, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 September 2018, p. 1.

[11]      Department of Health, Submission 30, pp. 4–5.

[12]      A map of the Primary Health Networks (PHNs) in Australia is included in Appendix 4.

[13]      Department of Health, Submission 30, pp. 5–6.

[14]      Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 7.

[15]      Dr Alison Morehead, Department of Health, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 September 2018, p. 2.

[16]      Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 24.

[17]      Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 8.

[18]      NSW Government, Submission 106, p. 13.

[19]      Associate Professor John Dominic Boffa, Chief Medical Officer Public Health, Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 1.

[20]      National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO), Submission 128, p. 6.

[21]      Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 8.

[22]      NACCHO, Submission 128, pp. 3–4.

[23]      Mrs Danielle Dyall, Team Leader Trauma Informed Care and Social Emotional Wellbeing, Aboriginal Medical Services Alliance Northern Territory (AMSANT), Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 7.

[24]      Ms Sandy Gillies, Executive Manager, Service Provider Commissioning, Western Queensland PHN, Committee Hansard, Mount Isa, 29 August 2018, p. 5. See also Western Queensland PHN, Submission 125, p. 3.

[25]      Western Queensland PHN, Submission 125, pp. 3–4.

[26]      Ms Vanessa Harris, Executive Officer, Northern Territory Mental Health Coalition, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 19.

[27]      Joint Standing Committee on the National Disability Insurance Scheme, Provision of services under the NDIS for people with psychosocial disabilities related to a mental health condition, August 2017.

[28]      Joint Standing Committee on the National Disability Insurance Scheme, Provision of services under the NDIS for people with psychosocial disabilities related to a mental health condition, August 2017, pp. xi–xvi.

[29]      Dr Gerry Naughtin, Strategic Advisor, Mental Health and Psychosocial Disability, National Disability Insurance Agency, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 16 October 2018, p. 3; The Hon Paul Fletcher MP, Minister for Families and Social Services, and the Hon Sarah Henderson MP, Assistant Minister for Social Services, Housing and Disability Services, 'Government announces improved NDIS mental health support', Media release, 10 October 2018.

[30]      National Disability Insurance Agency, answers to questions on notice, 16 October 2018 (received 7 November 2018). 

[31]      Department of Social Services, Personal Helpers and Mentors (PHaMs), https://www.dss.gov.
au/our-responsibilities/mental-health/programs-services/personal-helpers-and-mentors-phams
(accessed 5 November 2018). Note: a person does not need to have a formal clinical diagnosis of a severe mental illness in order to participate in PHaMs.

[32]      Department of Social Services, Mental Health Respite: Carer Support, https://www.dss.gov.au/
our-responsibilities/mental-health/programs-services/mental-health-respite-carer-support
(accessed 5 November 2018).

[33]      Department of Health, About Partners in Recovery, http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/
publishing.nsf/content/mental-pir-about
(accessed 5 November 2018).

[34]      Department of Health, Support for Day to Day Living in the Community, http://www.health.
gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/content/mental-d2dl
(accessed 5 November 2018).

[35]      Ms Emma Wood, Assistant Secretary, Mental Health Services Branch, Primary Care and Mental Health Division, Department of Health, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 16 October 2018, p. 4.

[36]      Mrs Connie Digolis, Chief Executive Officer, Mental Health Council of Tasmania, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 39.

[37]      Mrs Connie Digolis, Mental Health Council of Tasmania, Committee Hansard, Devonport,
5 September 2018, pp. 40 and 41.

[38]      Ms Karen Thomas, Queensland State Manager, Neami National, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 14.

[39]      Department of Health, answer to question on notice no. 7, 16 October 2018 (received
12 November 2018).

[40]      Mrs Connie Digolis, Mental Health Council of Tasmania, Committee Hansard, Devonport,
5 September 2018, p. 40.

[41]      For example: Ms Amanda Bresnan, Chief Executive Officer, Community Mental Health Australia, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 24; Mr Jeremy Audas, Member, Queensland Alliance for Mental Health, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018,
p. 49.

[42]      Ms Shauna Gaebler, Chief Executive Officer, Consumers of Mental Health WA, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, pp. 47–48.

[43]      Mr Ivan Frkovic, Commissioner, Queensland Mental Health Commission, Committee Hansard, Mount Isa, 29 August 2018, p. 52; Ms Helen Egan, Chief Executive Officer, TeamHEALTH, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 20.

[44]      Mrs Debra Burden, Chief Executive Officer, selectability, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 51.

[45]      For further detail about loadings, see: National Disability Insurance Agency, answers to questions on notice, 16 October 2018 (received 7 November 2018). 

[46]      Ms Karen Thomas, Neami National, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 9.

[47]      Benevolent Society, Submission 71, p. 11.

[48]      Mrs Connie Digolis, Mental Health Council of Tasmania, Committee Hansard, Devonport,
5 September 2018, p. 41.

[49]      Mrs Debra Burden, selectability, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 47;
Mr Colin Penter, Projects Lead and Policy Officer, Western Australian Association for Mental Health, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 49; Ms Helen Egan, TeamHEALTH, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 25.

[50]      Ms Shauna Gaebler, Consumers of Mental Health WA, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 49.

[51]      Victorian Council of Social Service, Submission 107, p. 12.

[52]      Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 16.

[53]      Department of Health, PHN Primary Mental Health Care Flexible Funding Pool Implementation Guidance: Stepped Care (PHN Stepped Care Guidance), p. 2.

[54]      PHN Stepped Care Guidance, p. 2.

[55]      Council of Australian Governments, Fifth National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan, p. 20.

[56]      Professor Luis Salvador-Carulla, Centre Head, ANU Centre for Mental Health Research, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 September 2018, pp. 18–19.

[57]      Professor Luis Salvador-Carulla, ANU Centre for Mental Health Research, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 September 2018, p. 19.

[58]      PHN Stepped Care Guidance, p. 11.

[59]      Dr Daniel Rock, Principal Adviser and Research Director, WA Primary Health Alliance, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 14; WA Primary Health Alliance, Submission 33, [p. 2].

[60]      Dr Sharon Varela, Mental Health Academic, Centre for Rural and Remote Health, James Cook University, Committee Hansard, Mount Isa, 29 August 2018, p. 31.

[61]      Australian Rural Health Education Network (ARHEN) Mental Health Academic Network, Submission 76, pp. 3–4.

[62]      PHN Stepped Care Guidance, p. 5.

[63]      General Practice Mental Health Standards Collaboration (GPMHSC), Submission 23, p. 3.

[64]      Rural Doctors Association of Australia, Submission 79, p. 10.

[65]      Ms Simone Finch, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Queensland Alliance for Mental Health, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 52.

[66]      Australia Psychological Society, Submission 103, p. 11.

[67]      Orygen, Submission 44, p. 6.

[68]      Ms Andrea Triggs, Operations Manager, Country and Outback Health, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 July 2018, p. 13.

[69]      Ms Maxine Griffiths AM, Chief Executive Officer, Mental Health Carers Tasmania, Committee Hansard, St Helens, 6 September 2018, p. 53.

[70]      Mr Reg Harris, Director Mental Health and Alcohol and Other Drugs, Country SA Primary Health Network, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 July 2018, p. 50.

[71]      Mr Grant Akesson, Health Stream Lead, Mental Health and Alcohol and Other Drugs, Primary Health Tasmania, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 11.

[72]      WA Primary Health Alliance, Submission 33, [p. 7]; WA Primary Health Alliance, Integrated Primary Mental Health Care, https://www.wapha.org.au/primary-health-networks/mental-health/ipmhc/ (accessed 6 November 2018).

[73]      Ms Lesley Pearson, Regional Manager, WA Primary Health Alliance, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 13.

[74]      ARHEN Mental Health Academic Network, Submission 76, pp. 3–4.

[75]      Mr Dylan Lewis, Private capacity, Committee Hansard, Katherine, 9 July 2018, pp. 21–22.

[76]      Professor Paul Worley, National Rural Health Commissioner, Department of Health, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 82.

[77]      Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, pp. 2 and 4. 

[78]      Mrs Renee Blackman, Chief Executive Officer, Gidgee Healing, Committee Hansard, Mount Isa, 29 August 2018, p. 3.

[79]      Ms Sally Malone, Submission 127, p. 1.

[80]      Mrs Lynette (Lyn) Byers, Secretary, Central Australian Rural Practitioners Association,  Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, pp. 28–29.

[81]      Ms Roslyn Atkinson, Chief Executive Officer, Youth, Family and Community Connections Inc, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 31.

[82]      Neami National, answers to questions on notice, 30 August 2018 (received 20 September 2018), p. 1; Connect to Wellbeing, https://www.connecttowellbeing.org.au/faq (accessed 13 November 2018). See also: Queensland Nurses and Midwives' Union, Submission 36, p. 7.

[83]      Ms Karen Thomas, Neami National, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, pp. 9 and 13–14. See also: Neami National, answers to questions on notice, 30 August 2018 (received 20 September 2018), p. 1.

[84]      Ms Andrea Triggs, Country and Outback Health, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 July 2017,
p. 9; Dr Krista Maier, General Practitioner, Nunyara Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 July 2017, p. 37.

[85]      Mr Benjamin Headlam, Manager, Great Southern Community Alcohol and Drugs Service, Palmerston Association Inc, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 18.

[86]      Ms Amanda Bresnan, Community Mental Health Australia, Committee Hansard, Canberra,
19 July 2018, pp. 24–25.

[87]      For example, see: Mental Health Victoria, Submission 51; beyondblue, Submission 85; COTA Australia, Submission 64; Sane Australia, Submission 130.

[88]      Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 5.

[89]      Australian Psychological Society, Submission 103, p. 11; Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine, Submission 43, p. 6. See also: Rural Doctors Association of Australia, Submission 79, p. 3.

[90]      beyondblue, Submission 85, pp. 13–14.

[91]      Centre for Rural and Remote Mental Health, Submission 87, p. 5.

[92]      Australian Mental Health Commissions, Submission 52, pp. 7–8; see also Rural Doctors Association of Australia, Submission 79, p. 11; Consumers Health Forum of Australia, Submission 10, p. 6.

[93]      See, for example, WA Primary Health Alliance, Submission 33, [p. 9]; Mr Grant Akesson, Primary Health Tasmania, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, pp. 10–11.

[94]      Mr Reg Harris, Country SA Primary Health Network, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 July 2018, p. 50.

[95]      Western Queensland PHN, Submission 125, p. 8. See also Mr Benjamin Headlam, Palmerston Association Inc, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 17.

[96]      For example: Wesley Mission, Submission 38, p. 9; Royal Far West, Submission 42, Attachment 1, p. 5; Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine, Submission 43, p. 6; Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Submission 55, p. 14; ARHEN Mental Health Academic Network, Submission 76, p. 6; National Farmers Federation, Submission 83, p. 7; Rural Doctors Association of Australia, Submission 79, p. 3.

[97]      Mrs Connie Digolis, Mental Health Council of Tasmania, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 38.         

[98]      AMSANT, Submission 129, p. 4.

[99]      Dr Beryl Buckby, Coordinator Clinical Psychology Program (Acting), James Cook University, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 37.

[100]    Western Australian Government, Submission 35, p. 13.

[101]    MindSpot, Submission 5, p. 5.

[102]    Mr Stephen Jackson, Chief Executive Officer, Marathon Health, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 73.

[103]    Miss Mary Maloney, Wellbeing Manager and Registered Mental Health Nurse, Wurli-Wurlinjang Health Service, Committee Hansard, Katherine, 9 July 2018, p. 8.

[104]    Mr Jake Hay, Regional Program Manager Youth, Shire of Halls Creek, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 12; Mr Simon Dann, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 7.

[105]    Mrs Danielle Dyall, AMSANT, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 7.

[106]    Associate Professor John Boffa, Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 6.

[107]    Mrs Nicola Herriot, Chief Executive Officer, Northern Territory PHN, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 15.

[108]    Ms Peta Rutherford, Chief Executive Officer, Rural Doctors Association of Australia, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 6.

[109]    Australian College of Mental Health Nurses, answers to questions on notice, 19 July 2018 (received 17 August 2018); Adjunct Associate Professor Kim Ryan, Chief Executive Officer, Australian College of Mental Health Nurses, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018,
p. 20.

[110]    Dr Caroline Johnson, Clinical Lead, Mental Health, Royal Australian College of General Practitioners, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p.11.

[111]    Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Submission 55, p. 14.

[112]    Ms Joy McLaughlin, Senior Officer, Strategy, Research and Policy, Danila Dilba Health Service, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 25.

[113]    Dr Prue Plowright, Senior Medical Officer, Derby Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Derby, 6 July 2018, p. 7.

[114]    Mr Malcolm Darling, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Danila Dilba Health Service, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 24.

[115]    Australian Psychological Society, Submission 103, p. 15; Community Mental Health Australia, Submission 16, p.10; Flourish Australia, Submission 50, [p.1]; Mental Health Victoria, Submission 51, p. 7; Benevolent Society, Submission 71, p. 3; Australian Services Union, Submission 94, pp. 5–6. See also: Mr Stuart Gordon, Chief Executive Officer, Western Queensland PHN, Committee Hansard, Mount Isa, 29 August 2018, p. 6; Mr Luke Butcher, Area Manager, Western New South Wales and Special Projects, Mission Australia, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 69; Mr John Mendoza, Director, ConNetica; and Adjunct Associate Professor, Brain and Mind, University of Sydney, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 September 2018, pp. 21–22.

[116]    Dr Andrew Wenzel, Manager, Headspace Albany, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 20; Ms Alison Woollard, Mental Health Manager, Amity Health, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 20; Ms Fiona-Marie Kalaf, Chief Executive Officer, Youth Focus, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 21.

[117]    Mrs Danielle Dyall, AMSANT, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 8; Mr Grant Akesson, Primary Health Tasmania, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 13.

[118]    Mr Benjamin Headlam, Palmerston Association Inc, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 21; Mr Reg Harris, Country SA Primary Health Network, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 July 2018, p. 51; ARHEN Mental Health Academic Network, Submission 76, p. 9. See also: Australian Association of Social Workers, Submission 102, p. 6.

[119]    Mr Grant Akesson, Primary Health Tasmania, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 13.

[120]    beyondblue, Submission 85, p. 3. See also: Ms Georgina Harman, Chief Executive Officer, beyondblue, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 42.

[121]    For example: Ms Roslyn Atkinson, Youth, Family and Community Connections Inc, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 33; MindSpot, Submission 5, p. 5; Western Australian Association for Mental Health, Submission 34, p. 14; Wesley Mission, Submission 38, p.12.

[122]    Western Australian Association for Mental Health, Submission 34, p. 22; Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine, Submission 43, p. 4; Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Submission 55, p. 15; Australian Services Union, Submission 94, p. 11.

[123]    Yura Yungi Medical Service Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 70, [p. 2]; Dr Andrew Wenzel, Headspace Albany, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 21.

[124]    Dr Martin Laverty, Chief Executive, Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 6.

[125]    See, for example: Ms Heather Alexander, Director, Rural and Remote, Centacare North Queensland, Committee Hansard, Mount Isa, 29 August 2018, p. 19; Mr Ivan Frkovic, Commissioner, Queensland Mental Health Commission, Committee Hansard, Mount Isa, 29 August 2018, p. 52; Ms Helen Egan, TeamHEALTH, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 20; Mr Phil Ihme, Senior Director Mental Health Services, Northern Australia Primary Health Limited, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 18.

[126]    Mr Ivan Frkovic, Queensland Mental Health Commission, Committee Hansard, Mount Isa, 29 August 2018, p. 52.

[127]    Ms Roslyn Atkinson, Youth, Family and Community Connections Inc, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 33.

[128]    Adjunct Associate Professor Kim Ryan, Australian College of Mental Health Nurses, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 15.

[129]    Dr Vladislav Matic, Board Chair, Northern Queensland Primary Health Network, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 13.

[130]    Ms Joy McLaughlin, Danila Dilba Health Service, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018,
p. 25.

[131]    Dr Michael Kelly, Chief Operating Officer, Relationships Australia Tasmania, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 43.

[132]    Miss Christine Williamson, Director, Ngaanyatjarra Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Women's Council, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 16.

[133]    Mrs Evelyn Edwards, Chief Executive Officer, North and West Remote Health, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 12. See also: Mr Stuart Gordon, Western Queensland PHN, Committee Hansard, Mount Isa, 29 August 2018, p. 6.

[134]    Ms Johnette Brown, President/Coordinator, Depression Support Network Albany, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, pp. 31–32.

[135]    Australian Psychological Society, Submission 103, p. 16; Consumers Health Forum of Australia, Submission 10, p. 6; Western Queensland PHN, Submission 125, p. 7; NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 7; AMSANT, Submission 129, p. 7; National Rural Health Alliance, Submission 37, p. 20; Northern Territory PHN, Submission 54, [p. 5]; Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Submission 55, pp. 15–16; Royal Australasian College of Physicians, Submission 78, p. 5; Rural Doctors Association of Australia, Submission 79, p. 13.

[136]    Mental Illness Fellowship of Australia, Submission 20, p. 1; Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Submission 1, [p. 1]; Western Queensland PHN, Submission 125, p. 9; AMSANT, Submission 129, p. 7; Services for Australian Rural and Remote Allied Health, Submission 21, [p. 4]; Queensland Alliance for Mental Health and Northern Territory Mental Health Coalition, Submission 26, p. 12; Western Australian Association for Mental Health, Submission 34, p. 21; National Rural Health Alliance, Submission 37, pp. 20–21; Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine, Submission 43, p. 8; Australian Rural Health Workforce Agencies, Submission 48, p. 8; Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Submission 55, pp. 15–16; Occupational Therapy Australia, Submission 65, p. 16; Australasian College for Emergency Medicine, Submission 91, p. 7; Royal Australasian College of Physicians, Submission 78, p. 7.

[137]    Department of Health, Telehealth, http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/
content/e-health-telehealth
(accessed 13 November 2018).

[138]    These barriers to access are discussed in detail in Chapter 3.

[139]    See, for example: Victorian Government, Submission 100, p. 7; NSW Government, Submission 106, pp. 17–18; Western Australian Government, Submission 35, pp. 22–24.

[140]    Department of Health, Submission 30, pp. 39–40.

[141]    Department of Health, Submission 30, pp. 39–40.

[142]    Mr Michael Tunnecliffe, Clinical Psychologist, Ashcliffe Psychology, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, pp. 38–39; Ms Christine Franklin, Member, Services for Australian Rural and Remote Allied Health, Committee Hansard, Mount Isa, 29 August 2018, p. 37; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 103, p. 3; MindsPlus, Submission 15, p. 3; National Rural Health Alliance, Submission 37, p. 5; Royal Far West, Submission 42, [p. 3]; Orygen, Submission 44, p. 10; National Centre for Farmer Health, Submission 56, p. 5; Regional Australia Institute, Submission 53, p. 7; Northern Territory PHN, Submission 54, [p. 5].

[143]    GPMHSC, Submission 23, p. 5; Royal Australian College of General Practitioners Rural, Submission 24, [p. 5]; Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine, Submission 43, p. 9.

[144]    Dr Alison Morehead, Department of Health, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 September 2018, p. 2.

[145]    Ms Emma Wood, Department of Health, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 16 October 2018,
p. 11.

[146]    Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 39; Department of Health, answers to questions on notice, 18 September 2018 (received 11 October 2018).

[147]    Black Dog Institute, Submission 47, pp. 12–13.

[148]    ReachOut, Submission 72, p. 4.

[149]    beyondblue, Submission 85, p. 17.

[150]    Mr Jason Trethowan, Chief Executive Officer, headspace National Youth Mental Health Foundation Ltd, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, pp. 67–68; Department of Health, Submission 30, pp. 41–42.

[151]    Australian Psychological Society, Submission 103, p. 16.

[152]    NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 7. See also: Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council of NSW, Submission 99, p. 8.

[153]    Ms Nicole Cockayne, Black Dog Institute, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 September 2018, p. 12.

[154]    Queensland Nurses and Midwives' Union, Submission 36, p. 13.

[155]    Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 20.

[156]    Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 20.

[157]    Centre for Rural and Remote Mental Health, Submission 87, p. 5.

[158]    ANU Centre for Mental Health Research, Atlas of Mental Health Care, https://rsph.anu.edu.au/research/projects/atlas-mental-health-care (accessed 13 November 2018).

[159]    Luis Salvador-Carulla et al for DESDE-LTC Group (editors), DESDE-LTC: Evaluation and classification of services for long term care in Europe, Psicost and Catalunya Caixa , Spain, 2011; ConNetica Consulting, Integrated Atlas of Mental Health and Alcohol and Other Drugs of Western Australia: Volume 2, Country WA 2017, pp. 3–4.

[160]    Mr John Mendoza, ConNetica and University of Sydney, Committee Hansard, Canberra,
18 September 2018, p. 17.

[161]    Professor Luis Salvador-Carulla, ANU Centre for Mental Health Research, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 September 2018, p. 19.

[162]    Dr Daniel Rock, WA Primary Health Alliance, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018,
p. 16.

[163]    Ms Amanda Bresnan, Community Mental Health Australia, Committee Hansard, Canberra,
19 July 2018, p. 30.

[164]    Black Dog Institute, Submission 47, p. 1; Black Dog Institute, LifeSpan strategies and components, https://www.blackdoginstitute.org.au/research/lifespan/lifespan-strategies-and-components (accessed 13 November 2018).

[165]    Black Dog Institute, LifeSpan, https://www.blackdoginstitute.org.au/research/lifespan (accessed 13 November 2018).

[166]    Black Dog Institute, Submission 47, p. 1; Black Dog Institute, LifeSpan sites, https://www.blackdoginstitute.org.au/research/lifespan/lifespan-sites (accessed 13 November 2018); Ms Nicole Cockayne, Black Dog Institute, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 September 2018, p. 11.

[167]    ACT Health Office for Mental Health and Wellbeing, LifeSpan – Integrated Suicide Prevention, https://www.health.act.gov.au/about-our-health-system/office-mental-health-and-wellbeing/lifespan-integrated-suicide-prevention (accessed 14 November 2018).

[168]    Black Dog Institute, Submission 47, p. 1; Black Dog Institute, LifeSpan sites, https://www.blackdoginstitute.org.au/research/lifespan/lifespan-sites (accessed 13 November 2018); Ms Nicole Cockayne, Black Dog Institute, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 September 2018, p. 11.

[169]    Black Dog Institute, Submission 47, p. 3.

[170]    Ms Nicole Cockayne, Black Dog Institute, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 September 2018, p. 11.

[171]    Ms Nicole Cockayne, Black Dog Institute, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 September 2018, p. 11.

[172]    Ms Paula Chatfield, Executive Director for Mental Health, WA Country Health Service, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 4; Ms Wendy French, Managing Consultant, Talking about Suicide; Member, Break O'Day Suicide Prevention Trial Working Group, Committee Hansard, St Helens, 6 September 2018, p. 2; Ms Nicole Cockayne, Black Dog Institute, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 September 2018, p. 14.

[173]    Orygen, Submission 44, p. 3.

Chapter 3 - Barriers to accessing mental health services

[1]        Australian Mental Health Commissions, Submission 52, p. 9.

[2]        See, for example: Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 12; Royal Flying Doctor Service (RFDS), Submission 22, Attachment 1, p. 9; National Rural Health Alliance, Submission 37, p. 7.

[3]        Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 13.

[4]        RFDS, Submission 22, p. 4.

[5]        Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 12.

[6]        Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 9.

[7]        Department of Health, Submission 30, pp. 4–5.

[8]        See, for example: RFDS, Submission 22, pp. 2–3; Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 13; Victorian Government, Submission 100, p. 4.

[9]        National Rural Health Alliance, Submission 37, p. 14.

[10]      Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 13.

[11]      RFDS, Submission 22, p. 2.

[12]      Victorian Government, Submission 100, p. 4.

[13]      See, for example: RFDS, Submission 22, pp. 4–6; Western Queensland Primary Health Network (PHN), Submission 125, p. 3; Ms Vanessa Harris, Executive Officer, Northern Territory Mental Health Coalition, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 14; Dr Jennifer Cleary, Chief Executive Officer, Centacare Catholic Country SA, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 July 2018, p. 43.

[14]      Mr Brendan Morrison, Social and Emotional Wellbeing, Kununurra Waringarri Aboriginal Corporation, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 4.

[15]      Mrs Danielle Dyall, Team Leader Trauma Informed Care and Social Emotional Wellbeing, Aboriginal Medical Services Alliance Northern Territory (AMSANT), Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 10.

[16]      Dr Jennifer Cleary, Centacare Catholic Country SA Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 June 2018, p. 43.

[17]      Ms Jane Dodding, Psychologist and Director, MindPlus, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 June 2018, p. 41.

[18]      Mr Tony Cassidy, Group Manager, Wesley LifeForce, Wesley Mission, Committee Hansard, Mount Isa, 29 August 2018, p. 19.

[19]      Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists, Submission 95, p. 6.

[20]      Dr Krista Maier, General Practitioner, Nunyara Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 July 2018, p. 35.

[21]      Dr Krista Maier, Nunyara Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 July 2018, p. 34.

[22]      See, for example: Ms Cheryle Kaesler, Manager, Social Emotional Wellbeing Unit, Yura Yungi Medical Service, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 1; Tammy, Member, Carers Tasmania, Committee Hansard, St Helens, 6 September 2018, p. 50; Ms Lyn English, Consumer Deputy Co-Chair, National Mental Health Consumer and Carer Forum, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 25; Western Australia Association for Mental Health, Submission 34, pp. 5 and 20.

[23]      Ms Jo Brown, President/Coordinator, Depression Support Network Albany Inc, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 27.

[24]      Ms Sandra Kennedy, Director Mental Health and Alcohol Tobacco and Other Drug Service, North West Hospital and Health Service, Committee Hansard, Mount Isa, p. 42.

[25]      See, for example: Dr Stephanie Trust, Principal GP, Kununurra Medical, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, pp. 14–15; Dr Roland Main, Area Director for Mental Health, Adults and Older Adults, WA Country Health Service, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 2; Roses in the Ocean, Submission 7, p. 4; Western Australia Association for Mental Health, Submission 34, p. 20; Wesley Mission, Submission 38, p. 15.

[26]      Dr Niall Small, Chair, Rural Regional and Remote Committee, Australasian College for Emergency Medicine, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 34.

[27]      Dr Renee Bauer, Clinical Director, Kimberley Mental Health and Drug Service, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 22.

[28]      Mr David Brennan, Chief Executive Officer, Carers Tasmania, Committee Hansard, St Helens, 6 September 2018, p. 48.

[29]      Dr Niall Small, Australasian College for Emergency Medicine, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 34.

[30]      Western Australia Association for Mental Health, Submission 34, p. 20.

[31]      See, for example: Dr Roland Main, WA Country Health Service, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 3; Ms Jo Brown, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 30; Ms Elizabeth Little, Chief Executive Officer, Rural Alive and Well Inc., Committee Hansard, St Helens, 6 September 2018, p. 33.

[32]      Dr Roland Main, WA Country Health Service, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 3.

[33]      Dr Roland Main, WA Country Health Service, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 2.

[34]      Ms Lee Martinez, Secretary, Whyalla Suicide Prevention Network, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 July 2018, p. 22.

[35]      National Mental Health Consumer and Carer Forum, Submission 84, p. 3.

[36]      Mission Australia, Submission 80, p. 4.

[37]      Victorian Council of Social Service, Submission 107, p. 2.

[38]      National LGBTI Health Alliance quoted in National Mental Health Consumer and Carer Forum, Submission 84, p. 3.

[39]      National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO), Submission 128, p. 2.

[40]      Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Healing Foundation (Healing Foundation), Submission 39, p. 5; Congress of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nurses and Midwives, Submission 74,
p. 3; NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 3.

[41]      Samuel Rose, Program Coordinator, Richmond Wellbeing, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 34.

[42]      Mr Colin Penter, Projects Lead and Policy Officer, Western Australian Association for Mental Health, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 49.

[43]      Mrs Penny Carpenter, Committee Member, Depression Support Network Albany, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 34.

[44]      Mrs Debra Burden, Chief Executive Officer, Selectability, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 47.

[45]      Ms Lorraine Davies, Executive Officer, Mental Illness Fellowship of Australia (NT), Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 20.

[46]      Mrs Erica Buttigieg, Social and Emotional Wellbeing Program Manager, Townsville Aboriginal and Islanders Health Services, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 29.

[47]      Mrs Jan Barr, Project Officer, UnitingSA, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 July 2018,
pp. 19–20.

[48]      Ms Catherine Crawford, Coordinator, North Queensland Combined Women's Services, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 29.

[49]      Western Australian Association for Mental Health, answers to questions on notice, 5 June 2018 (received 13 August 2018), p. 3.

[50]      Ms Karen Thomas, Queensland State Manager, Neami National, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 18.

[51]      Mrs Debra Burden, selectability, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 54.

[52]      Uniting Care Australia, Submission 18, p. 2.

[53]      Anglicare Southern Queensland, Submission 126, p. 1.

[54]      Dr Sabrina Pit, Submission 112, p. 2.

[55]      Community Mental Health Australia, Submission 16, p. 7.

[56]      Western Australian Association for Mental Health, Submission 34, p. 11.

[57]      Western Australian Association for Mental Health, Submission 34, p. 9.

[58]      National Rural Health Alliance, Submission 37, p. 11.

[59]      Ms Sharon Jones, Executive Officer, CORES Australia, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, pp. 1–2.

[60]      Name withheld, Submission 114, [p. 3].

[61]      COTA Australia, Submission 64, p. 4.

[62]      Mental Illness Fellowship of Australia, Submission 20, [p. 2].

[63]      Uniting Care Australia, Submission 18, p. 2. See also: Youth Affairs Council of South Australia, Submission 49, p. 6.

[64]      Ms Rosemary Boote, Consumer Representative, Flourish Tasmania Inc, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 49.

[65]      Orygen, Submission 44, p. 2.

[66]      See, for example: Western Australian Local Government Association, Submission 104, p. 11.

[67]      Mr Brendan Morrison, Kununurra Waringarri Aboriginal Corporation, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 5.

[68]      Ms Roslyn Atkinson, Chief Executive Officer, Youth, Family and Community Connections Inc, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 34.

[69]      Rural Alive and Well, Submission 90, p. 6.

[70]      Mr Grant Akesson, Health Stream Lead, Mental Health and Alcohol and Other Drugs, Primary Health Tasmania, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 13.

[71]      Ms Amanda Bresnan, Chief Executive Officer, Community Mental Health Australia, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 24. See also: Benevolent Society, Submission 71, p. 5.

[72]      HelpingMinds, Submission 98, p. 9.

[73]      National Rural Health Alliance, Submission 37, p. 11. See also: Mental Health Victoria, Submission 51, p. 5.

[74]      Western Australian Association for Mental Health, Submission 34, p. 9; Australian College of Mental Health Nurses, Submission 82, p. 9.

[75]      Consumers of Mental Health WA, Submission 31, p. 20; Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists, Submission 95, p. 1; Services for Australian Rural and Remote Allied Health, Submission 21, p. 4; Australian Rural Health Education Network (ARHEN) Mental Health Academic Network, Submission 76, p. 11.

[76]      Goulburn Valley Area Mental Health Service, Submission 63, p. 2. See also: Australian College of Mental Health Nurses, Submission 82, p. 9.

[77]      Services for Australian Rural and Remote Allied Health, Submission 21, p. 4.

[78]      Australian Psychological Society, Submission 103, p. 11. See also: National Mental Health Consumer and Carer Forum, Submission 84, p. 3.

[79]      Australasian College for Emergency Medicine, Submission 91, p. 4.

[80]      Ms Lyn English, National Mental Health Consumer and Carer Forum, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 25.

[81]      Australasian College for Emergency Medicine, Submission 91, p. 3.

[82]      Victorian Council of Social Service, Submission 107, p. 5.

[83]      Dr Roland Main, WA Country Health Service, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018,
pp. 2–3.

[84]      Government of Western Australia, Submission 35, pp. 26–27.

[85]      RFDS, Submission 22, p. 6.

[86]      Western Australian Association for Mental Health, Submission 34, p. 21.

[87]      For example: Mrs Danielle Dyall, AMSANT, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 8; Frontier Services, Submission 4, p. 2; Butterfly Foundation, Submission 110, p.14; Mental Health Association of Central Australia, Submission 27, p. 6; Being, Submission 92, p. 13; Australian Mental Health Commissions, Submission 52, p. 17.

[88]      Mrs Connie Digolis, Chief Executive Officer, Mental Health Council of Tasmania, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 41; Western Australian Association for Mental Health, Submission 34, p. 23; Roses in the Ocean, Submission 7, p. 5; Benevolent Society, Submission 71, p. 12; Western Queensland PHN, Submission 125, p. 3.

[89]      Mr Michael Tunnecliffe, Clinical Psychologist, Ashcliffe Psychology, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 38; Mrs Danielle Dyall, AMSANT, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 8; Ms Amanda Bresnan, Community Mental Health Australia, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 22; Anglicare Southern Queensland, Submission 126, p. 5; Community Mental Health Australia, Submission 16, p. 10; Uniting Care Australia, Submission 18, p. 9; Orygen, Submission 44, p. 9.

[90]      Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), 8146.0 - Household Use of Information Technology, Australia, 2016-17, March 2018, http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/
PrimaryMainFeatures/8146.0
(accessed 19 November 2018).

[91]      Western Queensland PHN, Submission 125, p. 3.

[92]      Victorian Council of Social Service, Submission 107, p. 9.

[93]      SANE Australia, Submission 130, p. 5.

[94]      HealthWise, Submission 68, p. 2.

[95]      OzHelp, Submission 11, p. 5.

[96]      Local Government Association of Queensland, Submission 19, p. 6.

[97]      Royal Australasian College of Physicians, Submission 78, p. 5.

[98]      Queensland Alliance for Mental Health and Northern Territory Mental Health Coalition, Submission 26, p. 12.

[99]      ARHEN Mental Health Academic Network, Submission 76, p. 13.

[100]    National Rural Health Alliance, Submission 37, p. 20.

[101]    Dr Vladislav Matic, Board Chair, Northern Queensland PHN, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 15.

[102]    For example: Ms Lyn English, National Mental Health Consumer and Carer Forum, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 34; Mr Dylan Lewis, Private capacity, Committee Hansard, Katherine, 9 July 2018, p. 23.

[103]    Ms Georgina Harman, Chief Executive Officer, beyondblue, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 42. See also: On The Line, Submission 58, p. 5; OzHelp, Submission 11, [p. 4]; SANE Australia, Submission 130, p. 5; Being, Submission 92, p. 12 and Interrelate, Submission 77, [p. 4].

[104]    Grow, Submission 29, p. 6.

[105]    For example: beyondblue, Submission 85, pp. 16–18; Queensland Nurses and Midwives' Union, Submission 36, p. 14; AMSANT, Submission 129, pp. 6–7; Australian Association of Social Workers, Submission 102, p. 7; Western Australian Association for Mental Health, Submission 34, p. 21; Flourish Australia, Submission 50, p. 4.

[106]    Suicide Prevention Australia, Submission 86, p. 14.

[107]    See, for example: Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Submission 55, pp. 8 and 12; Western Australian Association of Mental Health, Submission 34, pp. 9–12; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 103, p. 8; Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth, Submission 81, pp. 7–8.

[108]    Australian Psychological Society, Submission 103, p. 8.

[109]    Australian Psychological Society, Submission 103, p. 8.

[110]    Australian Psychological Society, Submission 103, p. 8.

[111]    Australian Psychological Society, Submission 103, p. 8.

[112]    See, for example: RFDS, Submission 22, Attachment 1, p. 19; WA Primary Health Alliance, Submission 33, p. 3; Orygen, Submission 44, p. 2; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 103, p. 8; Research Australia, Submission 117, p. 6.

[113]    Research Australia, Submission 117, p. 7. See also: AIHW, Mental Health Services in Australia, 'Hospital emergency services', Table ED.6: Mental health-related emergency department presentations in public hospitals, by patient demographic characteristics, 2016–17, updated 11 October 2018.

[114]    Research Australia, Submission 117, p. 7.

[115]    National Mental Health Consumer and Carer Forum, Submission 84, p. 2.

[116]    National Rural Health Alliance, Submission 37, p. 13.

[117]    National Rural Health Alliance, Submission 37, p. 13. See also: AIHW, Mortality Over Regional and Time (MORT) books, 'Socioeconomic group 2012–2016', Table 2: Leading causes of death, by sex, 2012–2016, updated 18 July 2018.

[118]    ABS, 2071.0 - Census of Population and Housing: Reflecting Australia - Stories from the Census, 2016, 'Socio-economic Advantage and Disadvantage', 6 November 2018, http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/by%20Subject/2071.0~
2016~Main%20Features~Socio-Economic%20Advantage%20and%20Disadvantage~123
(accessed 19 November 2018).

[119]    See, for example: National Mental Health Consumer and Carer Forum, Submission 84, p. 2.

[120]    See, for example: National Mental Health Consumer and Carer Forum, Submission 84, p. 2.

[121]    ABS, National Survey of Mental Health Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 23 October 2008, p. 13.

[122]    ABS, National Survey of Mental Health Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 23 October 2008, p. 13.

[123]    ABS, National Survey of Mental Health Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 23 October 2008, pp. 14 and 31.

[124]    National Mental Health Consumer and Carer Forum, Submission 84, p. 2.

[125]    Community Mental Health Australia, Submission 16, p. 7.

[126]    See, for example: Mr Simon Dann, Senior Medical Health Worker (Psychologist) and Alcohol and Drug Coordinator, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 1; Ms Maureen Robertson, Social and Emotional Wellbeing Unit Manager, Provisional Psychologist, Committee Hansard, Derby, 6 July 2018, pp. 2–3; Mrs Trish O'Duffy, Manager, St Helen's Neighbourhood House; Member, Committee Hansard, St Helens, 6 September 2018 pp. 14–15.

[127]    Mr John Singer, Executive Director, Nganampa Health Council, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 23.

[128]    Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p 5.

[129]    Yura Yungi Medical Service Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 70, [p. 1].

[130]    National Mental Health Consumer and Carer Forum, Submission 84, p. 2.

[131]    National Mental Health Consumer and Carer Forum, Submission 84, p. 2.

[132]    Dr Martin Kelly, Senior Medical Officer, Nganampa Health Council, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 22.

[133]    Ms Jo Brown, Depression Support Network Albany, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 30.

[134]    Mrs Penny Carpenter, Depression Support Network Albany, Committee Hansard, Albany,
5 June 2018, p. 31.

[135]    See, for example: Healing Foundation, Submission 39, pp. 4 and 13; Northern Territory PHN, Submission 54, p. 2; Yura Yungi Medical Service, Submission 70, [p. 1]; Mr Simon Dann, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 1; Miss Mary Moloney, Wellbeing Manager and Registered Mental Health Nurse, Wurli-Wurlinjang Health Service, Committee Hansard, Katherine, 9 July 2018, p. 11.

[136]    Ms Cheryle Kaesler, Yura Yungi Medical Service, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 1.

[137]    Ms Cheryle Kaesler, Yura Yungi Medical Service, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 1.

[138]    Mr Jake Hay, Regional Program Manager Youth, Shire of Halls Creek, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 14.

[139]    Ms Brenda King, Sexual Assault Counsellor, Anglicare WA, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 20.

[140]    Ms Jo Brown, Depression Support Network Albany, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 27.

[141]    ABS, National Survey of Mental Health Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 23 October 2008,
p. 14.

[142]    ABS, National Survey of Mental Health Wellbeing: Summary of Results, pp. 14 and 32.

[143]    See, for example: Mr Benjamin Hedlam, Manager, Great Southern Community Alcohol and Drugs Service, Palmerston Association Inc, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 17; One Door Mental Health, Submission 122, [p. 10].

[144]    ABS, National Survey of Mental Health Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 23 October 2008, p. 18.

[145]    ABS, National Survey of Mental Health Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 23 October 2008, p. 17.

[146]    ABS, National Survey of Mental Health Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 23 October 2008, p. 18.

[147]    Mr Simon Dann, Ord Valley Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Kununurra,
5 July 2018, p. 1.

[148]    Mr Benjamin Hedlam, Great Southern Community Alcohol and Drugs Service, Palmerston Association Inc, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 17.

[149]    Mr Simon Dann, Ord Valley Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Kununurra,
5 July 2018, p. 1; Mr John Singer, Nganampa Health Council, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 23.

[150]    Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Submission 55, p. 11.

[151]    See Appendix 3.

[152]    Ms Sandra Kennedy, Director of Mental Health and Alcohol Tobacco and Other Drug Service, North West Hospital and Health Service, Committee Hansard, Mount Isa, 29 August 2018, p. 42.

[153]    Mr Benjamin Hedlam, Great Southern Community Alcohol and Drugs Service, Palmerston Association Inc, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 17; Samuel Rose, Richmond Wellbeing, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 July 2018, p. 30.

[154]    Associate Professor John Boffa, Chief Medical Officer Public Health, Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 2.

[155]    ABS, National Survey of Mental Health Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 23 October 2008, p. 30.

[156]    Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p. 4.

[157]    Miss Nawoola Newry, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 28.

[158]    Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p. 6.

[159]    See Appendix 3.

[160]    Ms Joy McLaughlin, Senior Officer, Strategy, Research and Policy, Danila Dilba Health Service, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 26.

[161]    Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p. 7.

[162]    Western Australian Association for Mental Health, Submission 34, p. 12.

[163]    Mr Martin Sibosado, Chairperson/WKEC Leader, Aarnja Ltd – Empowered Communities, Aarnja Ltd, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 3.

[164]    Royal Australian College of General Practitioners Rural, Submission 24, [p. 4]. See also: One Door Mental Health, Submission 122, [p. 6].

[165]    See, for example: Neami National, Submission 40, p. 3; NT PHN, Submission 54, [p. 2]; Royal Australian College of Physicians, Submission 78, p. 5; Being, Submission 92, p. 4.

[166]    Australian Mental Health Commissions, Submission 52, p. 16.

[167]    Queensland Alliance for Mental Health and Northern Territory Mental Health Coalition, Submission 26, p. 3 (footnotes omitted).

[168]    Queensland Alliance for Mental Health and Northern Territory Mental Health Coalition, Submission 26, p. 3; ReachOut, Submission 72, p. 6.

[169]    ReachOut, Submission 72, p. 6.

[170]    ReachOut, Submission 72, p. 6.

[171]    Yourtown, Submission 101, p. 5.

[172]    See for example: Mr Simon Dann, Ord Valley Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 2; Mrs Chez Curnow, Manager Mental Health Alcohol and Other Drugs, Country SA PHN, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 July 2018, p. 53; Northern Territory PHN, Submission 54, [p. 2]; One Door Mental Health, Submission 122, [p. 2]; Western Queensland PHN, Submission 125, p. 3; SANE Australia, Submission 130, p. 4.

[173]    Queensland Nursing and Midwifery Union, Submission 36, p. 13. See also COTA, Submission 64, p. 7.

[174]    Queensland Nursing and Midwifery Union, Submission 36, p. 13.

[175]    Queensland Alliance for Mental Health and Northern Territory Mental Health Coalition, Submission 26, p. 3.

[176]    Reach Out, Submission 72, p. 8; Suicide Prevention Australia, Submission 84, p. 8; One Door Mental Health, Submission 122, pp. 7–8.

[177]    Reach Out, Submission 72, p. 8; Suicide Prevention Australia, Submission 84, p. 8; One Door Mental Health, Submission 122, pp. 7–8.

[178]    See, for example: Mr Benjamin Hedlam, Great Southern Community Alcohol and Drugs Service, Palmerston Association Inc, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 25; Mr Jake Hay, Shire of Halls Creek, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 11; Mrs Nicola Herriot, Chief Executive Officer, Northern Territory PHN, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 6; Ms Roslyn Atkinson, Youth, Family and Community Connections Inc, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 32; Mr Jason Trethowan, Chief Executive Officer, headspace National Youth Mental Health Foundation Ltd, Committee Hansard, Canberra,
19 July 2018, p. 67; Mrs Anne Bainbridge, Chief Executive Officer, Youth Affairs Council of South Australia Inc, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 July 2018, pp. 45–46; MindSpot, Submission 5, p. 3; Mental Health Carers Tasmania, Submission 6, p. 2; Government of Western Australia, Submission 35, p. 20.

[179]    MindsPlus, Submission 15, p. 1; National Mental Health Consumer and Carer Forum, Submission 84, p. 4.

[180]    MindsPlus, Submission 15, p. 1.

[181]    Orygen, Submission 44, p. 8; Helping Minds, Submission 98, p. 9.

[182]    Grow, Submission 29, p. 4.

[183]    Orygen, Submission 44, p. 8.

[184]    Neami National, Submission 40, p. 3; National Mental Health Consumer and Carer Forum, Submission 84, pp. 3–4.

[185]    Black Dog Institute, Submission 47, p. 11.

[186]    Black Dog Institute, Submission 47, p. 11.

[187]    Associate Professor John Boffa, Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 2.

[188]    OzHelp, Submission 11, [p. 3].

[189]    Australian Mental Health Commissions, Submission 52, p. 14.

[190]    Being, Submission 92, p. 10.

[191]    ConnectGroups, Submission 3, [p. 3].

[192]    Ms Jo Brown, Depression Support Network Albany Inc, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 31.

[193]    Grow, Submission 29, p. 4.

[194]    OzHelp, Submission 11, [p. 3].

Chapter 4 - Culturally competent services

[1]        Congress of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nurses and Midwives (CATSINaM), Submission 74, p. 5.

[2]        National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO), Submission 128, p. 2.

[3]        NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 2.

[4]        NACCHO, Submission 128, pp. 2–3. Other submitters who argued that a lack of cultural competency in mental health services is a key factor in lower use of mental health services by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples include: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Healing Foundation (Healing Foundation), Submission 39, p. 7, NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 2, Aboriginal Medical Services Alliance Northern Territory (AMSANT), Submission 129, pp. 45, CATSINaM, Submission 74, p. 3.

[5]        The World Health Organization defines the social determinants of health as ...the conditions in which people are born, grow, work, live, and age, and the wider set of forces and systems shaping the conditions of daily life. See: https://www.who.int/social_determinants/sdh_definition/en/ (accessed 13 November 2018).

[6]        NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 2.

[7]        Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council of NSW (AHMRC), Submission 99, p. 4.

[8]        Dr Stephanie Karen Trust, Principal GP, Kununurra Medical, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 11.

[9]        NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 4.

[10]      AMSANT, Submission 129, pp. 4–5.

[11]      Dr Peter Fitzpatrick, Wurli-Wurlinjang Health Service, Committee Hansard, Katherine, 9 July 2018, p. 14.

[12]      Miss Nawoola Selina Newry, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 27.

[13]      Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p. 3.

[14]      Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p. 4.

[15]      Mrs Lynette Byers, Secretary, Central Australian Rural Practitioners Association, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 26.

[16]      Mr Simon Dann, Senior Medical Health Worker (Psychologist) and Alcohol and Drug Coordinator, Ord Valley Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 1.

[17]      AMSANT, Submission 129, p. 4.

[18]      Yura Yungi Medical Service Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 70, p. 1. Multiple organisations argued that many mental health issues in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples were caused by social determinants of health including: Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Central Australian Rural Practitioners Association, Danila Dilba Health Service, Kimberley Aboriginal Medical Services, Shire of Halls Creek and Wurli-Wurlinjang Health Service among others.

[19]      Ms Cheryle Ann Kaesler, Manager, Social Emotional Wellbeing Unit, Yura Yungi Medical Service, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 1.

[20]      Mrs Erica Buttigieg, Social and Emotional Wellbeing Program Manager, Townsville Aboriginal and Islanders Health Services, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 25.

[21]      Mr Brendan Morrison, Social and Emotional Wellbeing, Kununurra Waringarri Aboriginal Corporation, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 2.

[22]      AHMRC, Submission 99, p. 5.

[23]      Mrs Gillian Yearsley, Executive Director, Clinical Governance and Performance, Northern Queensland Primary Health Network, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 8.

[24]      AHMRC, Submission 99, p. 4.

[25]      Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p. 12.

[26]      Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p. 13.

[27]      Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p. 1.

[28]      Mr Jake Hay, Regional Program Manager Youth, Shire of Halls Creek, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 12.

[29]      Mr Jake Hay, Shire of Halls Creek, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 11.

[30]      Dr Martin Kelly, Senior Medical Officer, Nganampa Health Council, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 12.

[31]      Mr Simon Dann, Ord Valley Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 7.

[32]      Mr Simon Dann, Ord Valley Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 7.

[33]      Mr Nicholas Newman, Mental Health Coordinator, Ngaanyatjarra Health Service, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, pp. 20–21.

[34]      Ms Brenda King, Sexual Assault Counsellor, Anglicare WA, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 20.

[35]      Mr Simon Dann, Ord Valley Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, pp. 2 and 8.

[36]      Mr Simon Dann, Ord Valley Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 9.

[37]      Ms Brenda King, Anglicare WA, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 19.

[38]      Ms Brenda King, Anglicare WA, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 19.

[39]      Mrs Danielle Dyall, Team Leader Trauma Informed Care and Social Emotional Wellbeing, AMSANT, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 7.

[40]      Mr John Adams, General Manager, Central Australia, Jesuit Social Services, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 35.

[41]      Mr Simon Dann, Ord Valley Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 1.

[42]      Miss Nawoola Selina Newry, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 25.

[43]      Ms Maureen Robertson, Social and Emotional Wellbeing Unit Manager, Provisional Psychologist, Derby Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Derby, 6 July 2018, p. 3.

[44]      Mr Brendan Morrison, Kununurra Waringarri Aboriginal Corporation, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 5.

[45]      Mr Wayne Barker, Festival and Cultural Events Coordinator, Kimberley Aboriginal Law and Cultural Centre (KALACC), Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 8.

[46]      Cultural competence is often also described as cultural safety, cultural awareness, cultural sensitivity, cultural security and culturally appropriate.

[47]      Implementation Plan for the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Plan 2013–2023, Strategy 1B, quoted in CATSINaM, Submission 74, p. 5.

[48]      National Aboriginal Health Strategy Working Party, quoted in CATSINaM, Submission 74, p. 4.

[49]      NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 3.

[50]      NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 2.

[51]      Centre for Cultural Competence, Information Pack: Imagine a culturally competent Australia, p. 4, https://www.ccca.com.au/Frontend/Content/Course/InfoPack/ c25a38a984eb4feba83149 53e3581ca8.pdf (accessed 18 September 2018).

[52]      Ms Maree Corbo, Program Manager, Tangentyere Family Violence Prevention Program, Tangentyere Council, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 33.

[53]      NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 3.

[54]      Dr Denise Riordan, Chief Psychiatrist, Northern Territory Department of Health, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 1.

[55]      AMSANT, Submission 129, p. 5.

[56]      AMSANT, Submission 129, p. 5.

[57]      Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p. 6.

[58]      Mr Brendan Morrison, Kununurra Waringarri Aboriginal Corporation, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 4.

[59]      Dr Huu Duy Tran, Consultant Psychiatrist, Kimberley Mental Health and Drug Service, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 23.

[60]      Dr Huu Duy Tran, Kimberley Mental Health and Drug Service, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 23.

[61]      CATSINaM, Submission 74, p. 5.

[62]      P Dudgeon and C Holland, 'Recent developments in suicide prevention among the Indigenous peoples of Australia', Australasian Psychiatry, vol. 26, no. 2, 2018, pp. 166–169, quoted in AMSANT, Submission 129, p. 3.

[63]      Mr Jake Hay, Shire of Halls Creek, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 11.

[64]      Mrs Danielle Dyall, AMSANT, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 10.

[65]      Mrs Sharon Bambling, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Jungarni-Jutiya Indigenous Corporation, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 1.

[66]      Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p. 12.

[67]      Mr Nathan Storey, Chair, Kununurra Region Economic Aboriginal Corporation, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 31.

[68]      Mr Jake Hay, Shire of Halls Creek, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 12.

[69]      Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p. 8.

[70]      Mr Jake Hay, Shire of Halls Creek, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 12.

[71]      Ms Maureen O'Meara, Chief Executive Officer, Aarnja Ltd, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 4.

[72]      Miss Nawoola Selina Newry, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 25.

[73]      Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p. 6.

[74]      Ms Deanne Lightfoot, Chief Executive Officer, Aboriginal Interpreting WA, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 4.

[75]      Ms Maree Corbo, Tangentyere Council, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 34.

[76]      Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p. 6.

[77]      Dr Martin Laverty, Chief Executive, Royal Flying Doctor Service (RFDS), Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, pp. 6–7.

[78]      Dr Martin Laverty, RFDS, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 7.

[79]      Ms Sally Ann Malone, Manager, Cyrenian House, Milliya Rumurra Outreach Team, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 14.

[80]      See, for example: NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 1; Community Mental Health Australia, Submission 16, pp. 4–5; Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Submission 55, p. 1.

[81]      NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 1.

[82]      AHMRC, Submission 99, pp. 1–2.

[83]      NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 3.

[84]      Dr Denise Riordan, Northern Territory Department of Health, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 3.

[85]      Ms Cheryle Ann Kaesler, Yura Yungi Medical Service, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 7.

[86]      Ms Maureen Robertson, Derby Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Derby, 6 July 2018, p. 4.

[87]      Dr Lynette Henderson-Yates, Chief Executive Officer, Derby Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Derby, 6 July 2018, p. 5.

[88]      Mr Malcolm Darling, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Danila Dilba Health Service, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p.26.

[89]      Ms Maree Corbo, Tangentyere Council, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 33.

[90]      Dr Peter Fitzpatrick, Wurli-Wurlinjang Health Service, Committee Hansard, Katherine, 9 July 2018, p. 8.

[91]      Dr Peter Fitzpatrick, Wurli-Wurlinjang Health Service, Committee Hansard, Katherine, 9 July 2018, p. 16.

[92]      AHMRC, Submission 99, pp. 2 and 4.

[93]      NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 3.

[94]      AHMRC, Submission 99, p. 5.

[95]      NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 3.

[96]      Mrs Erica Buttigieg, Townsville Aboriginal and Islanders Health Services, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 25.

[97]      Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p. 7.

[98]      Mrs Erica Buttigieg, Townsville Aboriginal and Islanders Health Services, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 25.

[99]      Dr Peter Fitzpatrick, Wurli-Wurlinjang Health Service, Committee Hansard, Katherine, 9 July 2018, p. 14.

[100]    Mr Robert McPhee, Chief Executive Officer, Kimberley Aboriginal Medical Services (KAMS), Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, pp. 13–14.

[101]    See: Department of Health, National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Suicide Prevention Strategy, 'Social and emotional wellbeing', http://www.health.gov.au/internet/publications/
publishing.nsf/Content/mental-natsisps-strat-toc~mental-natsisps-strat-1~mental-natsisps-strat-1-soc
(accessed 29 November 2018).

[102]    AMSANT, Submission 129, p. 2.

[103]    Model developed by the Australian Indigenous Psychologists Association. In: AMSANT, Submission 129, p. 3.

[104]    National Mental Health Commission, Review of Mental Health Programmes and Services, 16 April 2015, quoted in AMSANT, Submission 129, p. 3.

[105]    AHMRC, Submission 99, p. 2.

[106]    AMSANT, Submission 129, p. 3.

[107]    Mrs Danielle Dyall, AMSANT, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 7.

[108]    Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p. 15.

[109]    Mr Jeremy Audas, Member, Queensland Alliance for Mental Health, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 49.

[110]    Dr Denise Riordan, Northern Territory Department of Health, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 1.

[111]    NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 4.

[112]    AHMRC, Submission 99, pp. 4–5.

[113]    NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 4.

[114]    Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p. 9.

[115]    NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 4.

[116]    NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 4.

[117]    P Dudgeon and C Holland, 'Recent developments in suicide prevention among the Indigenous peoples of Australia', Australasian Psychiatry, vol. 26, no. 2, 2018, pp. 166–169, quoted in AMSANT, Submission 129, p. 5.

[118]    AMSANT, Submission 129, p. 5.

[119]    Miss Christine Williamson, Manager, Youth Program, Ngaanyatjarra Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Women's Council, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 14.

[120]    Mrs Nicola Anne Herriot, Chief Executive Officer, Northern Territory PHN, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 6.

[121]    NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 4.

[122]    KALAAC, Submission 59, p. 1.

[123]    WA Parliament Standing Committee on Health and Education, Learnings from the message stick: The report of the Inquiry into Aboriginal youth suicide in remote areas, November 2016, quoted in KALACC, Briefing Paper submitted to the Kimberley Suicide Prevention Regional Trial Working Group, additional information received 28 September 2018, [p. 2].

[124]    KALAAC, Submission 59, p. 4.

[125]    Mr Robert McPhee, KAMS, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 14.

[126]    AHMRC, Submission 99, p. 5.

[127]    ConnectGroups Support Groups Association WA Inc., Submission 3, [p. 3].

[128]    Mr Robert McPhee, KAMS, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 13.

[129]    Mr Robert McPhee, KAMS, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 13.

[130]    Mr Wayne Barker, KALACC, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 1.

[131]    Dr Huu Duy Tran, Kimberley Mental Health and Drug Service, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 21.

[132]    Mr Robert McPhee, KAMS, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 15.

[133]    Mr Martin Sibosado, Chairperson, Aarnja Ltd, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 7.

[134]    Mr Martin Sibosado, Aarnja Ltd, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 7.

[135]    AMSANT, Submission 129, p. 5.

[136]    Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, National Inuit Suicide Prevention Strategy, 2016. https://www.itk.ca/national-inuit-suicide-prevention-strategy/ (accessed 27 November 2018).

[137]    Commonwealth of Australia, National Strategic Framework for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples' Mental Health and Social and Emotional Wellbeing 2017–2023, October 2017 (Aboriginal Mental Health Framework), [p. 4], https://pmc.gov.au/resource-centre/indigenous-affairs/national-strategic-framework-mental-health-social-emotional-wellbeing-2017-23 (accessed 21 November 2018).

[138]    Aboriginal Mental Health Framework, p. 2.

[139]    Aboriginal Mental Health Framework, p. 33.

[140]    CATSINaM, Submission 74, p. 4.

[141]    NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 5.

[142]    Ms Joy McLaughlin, Senior Officer, Strategy, Research and Policy, Danila Dilba Health Service, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p.27.

[143]    Mr John Adams, Jesuit Social Services, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, pp. 35 and 37.

[144]    CATSINaM, Submission 74, p. 5.

[145]    NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 6.

[146]    AHMRC, Submission 99, p. 1 and NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 6.

[147]    AMSANT, Submission 129, p. 4.

[148]    Mrs Gillian Yearsley, Northern Queensland Primary Health Network, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 11.

[149]    Mr Malcolm Darling, Danila Dilba Health Service, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p.27.

[150]    Ms Joy McLaughlin, Senior Officer, Strategy, Research and Policy, Danila Dilba Health Service, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, pp. 24–25.

[151]    Miss Mary Maloney, Wellbeing Manager and Registered Mental Health Nurse, Wurli‑Wurlinjang Health Service, Committee Hansard, Katherine, 9 July 2018, pp. 8–9.

[152]    AMSANT, Submission 129, pp. 4–5.

[153]    Mrs Danielle Dyall, AMSANT, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 7.

[154]    AHMRC, Submission 99, p. 5.

[155]    AHMRC, Submission 99, p. 2.

[156]    AHMRC, Submission 99, pp. 6–7.

[157]    Ms Karen Thomas, Queensland State Manager, Neami National, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p.11.

[158]    KALAAC, Submission 59, p. 5.

[159]    Mr William Hayward, Social and Emotional Wellbeing Manager, Aboriginal Interpreting WA, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 9.

Chapter 5 - Mental health workforce

[1]        See for example: Dr Roland Main, Area Director for Mental Health, Adults and Older Adults, Western Australia Country Health Service, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 2; Mr Jake Hay, Regional Program Manager Youth, Shire of Halls Creek, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 12; Dr Renee Bauer, Clinical Director, Kimberley Mental Health and Drug Service, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 25; Mr David O'Sign, Chief Executive Officer, Cornerstone Youth Services, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 23; MindSpot, Submission 5, p. 2; National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO), Submission 128, p. 6.

[2]        Victorian Council of Social Service, Submission 107, p. 8.

[3]        Ms Lorraine Davies, Executive Officer, Mental Illness Fellowship Australia (NT), Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 16.

[4]        Mrs Lyn Byers, Secretary, Central Australian Rural Practitioners Association, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 29.

[5]        Ms Vanessa Harris, Executive Officer, Northern Territory Mental Health Coalition, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 19.

[6]        Mr David O'Sign, Cornerstone Youth Services, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 22.

[7]        Ms Helen Egan, Chief Executive Officer, TeamHEALTH, Northern Territory Mental Health Coalition, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 19.

[8]        Mrs Sharon Bambling, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Jungarni-Jutiya Indigenous Corporation, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 6; Dr Stephanie Trust, Principal GP, Kununurra Medical, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 16; Australian Rural Health Education Network (ARHEN) Mental Health Academic Network, Submission 76, p. 3.

[9]        Ms Andrea Triggs, Operations Manager, Country and Outback Health, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 July 2018, p. 9.

[10]      Ms Robyn Long, Chairperson, Jungarni-Jutiya Indigenous Corporation, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 6.

[11]      Name withheld, Submission 115, [p. 4].

[12]      Mrs Lyn Byers, Central Australian Rural Practitioners Association, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 28.

[13]      Mr Jake Hay, Shire of Halls Creek, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 15.

[14]      beyondblue, Submission 85, p. 9.

[15]      Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine, Submission 43, p. 6; Outback Futures, Submission 60, p. 5; ARHEN Mental Health Academic Network, Submission 76, p. 3.

[16]      Outback Futures, Submission 60, p. 5.

[17]      Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine, Submission 43, p. 8.

[18]      Dr Andrew Wenzel, Manager, headspace Albany, Youth Focus, Committee Hansard, 5 June 2018, p. 20; Mr Colin Penter, Projects Lead and Policy Officer, Western Australian Association for Mental Health, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 47; Mr David O'Sign, Cornerstone Youth Services, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 23.

[19]      Mrs Peta Rutherford, Chief Executive Officer, Rural Doctors Association of Australia, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 2.

[20]      Ms Roslyn Atkinson, Chief Executive Officer, Youth, Family and Community Connections Inc, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 33.

[21]      Mr Malcolm Darling, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Danila Dilba Health Service, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 24; Associate Professor John Boffa, Chief Medical Officer Public Health, Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 1; Cr Clare McLaughlin, Deputy Mayor, Whyalla City Council, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 July 2018, p. 5.

[22]      Ms Roslyn Atkinson, Youth, Family and Community Connections Inc, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 34.

[23]      Mr Luke Butcher, Area Manager, Western New South Wales and Special Projects, Mission Australia, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 70.

[24]      Ms Roslyn Atkinson, Youth, Family and Community Connections Inc, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 33.

[25]      Dr Martin Laverty, Chief Executive Officer, Royal Flying Doctor Service (RFDS), Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 2; Ms Evelyn Edwards, Chief Executive Officer, North West Remote Health, Northern Queensland Primary Health Network, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 10; MindSpot, Submission 5, p. 5; Wesley Mission, Submission 38, p. 12.

[26]      Mr Chris Cowley, Chief Executive Officer, Whyalla City Council, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 July 2018, p. 5.

[27]      Dr Martin Laverty, RFDS, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 2.

[28]      Mr Luke Butcher, Mission Australia, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 70;
Ms Sharon Jones, Executive Officer, CORES Australia, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 2.

[29]      Ms Sharon Jones, CORES Australia, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 20187, p. 2.

[30]      Mr Brendan Morrison, Social and Emotional Wellbeing, Kununurra Waringarri Aboriginal Corporation, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 4.

[31]      Mr Jake Hay, Shire of Halls Creek, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 12;
Mrs Nicola Herriot, Chief Executive Officer, Northern Territory PHN, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 6; Queensland Alliance for Mental Health and Northern Territory Mental Health Coalition, Submission 26, p. 9.

[32]      Mr Jake Hay, Shire of Halls Creek, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 15.

[33]      Mr Brendan Morrison, Kununurra Waringarri Aboriginal Corporation, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 4.

[34]      Dr Stephanie Trust, Kununurra Medical, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 15.

[35]      Dr Stephanie Trust, Kununurra Medical, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 15.

[36]      Miss Nawoola Newry, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 25.

[37]      Mr Malcolm Darling, Danila Dilba Health Service, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 24; Dr Jennifer Cleary, Chief Executive Officer, Centacare Catholic Country SA, Committee Hansard, Whyalla, 20 July 2018, p. 43.

[38]      Mrs Connie Digolis, Chief Executive Officer, Mental Health Council of Tasmania, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 38.

[39]      See, for example: Mrs Connie Digolis, Mental Health Council of Tasmania, Committee Hansard, Devonport, 5 September 2018, p. 41; Ms Helen Egan, TeamHEALTH, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 25.

[40]      Dr Lynette Henderson-Yates, Chief Executive Officer, Derby Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Derby, 6 July 2018, p. 8.

[41]      Dr Jon-Paul Cacioli, Social and Emotional Wellbeing Manager, Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 4.

[42]      Associate Professor John Boffa, Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, pp. 2 and 5.

[43]      Associate Professor John Boffa, Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 2.

[44]      Associate Professor John Boffa, Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 4.

[45]      Mr Stuart Gordon, Chief Executive Officer, Western Queensland Primary Health Network, Committee Hansard, Mount Isa, 29 August 2018, p. 2.

[46]      Occupational Therapy Australia, Submission 65, p. 12; Australian College of Mental Health Nurses, Submission 82, p. 5; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 103, p. 15.

[47]      Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists, Submission 95, p. 4.

[48]      Dr Matthew Coleman, Committee Member, Section of Rural Psychiatry, Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 8.

[49]      Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency, answers to written questions on notice, pp. 1–2 (received 31 August 2018).

[50]      Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency, answers to written questions on notice, p. 2 (received 31 August 2018).

[51]      Dr Beryl Buckby, Coordinator Clinical Psychology Program (Acting), James Cook University, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 39.

[52]      Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Submission 55, p. 13; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 103, p. 15; Centre for You, Submission 57, [p. 2].

[53]      Centre for You, Submission 57, [p. 2].

[54]      Ms Brenda King, Sexual Assault Counsellor, Anglicare WA, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 20.

[55]      Queensland Nursing and Midwifery Union, Submission 36, p. 4; Australian Psychological Society, Submission 103, p. 15.

[56]      The Chairs of the National Boards are the Chairs of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Practice Board of Australia, the Medical Board of Australia, the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia and the Psychology Board of Australia.

[57]      Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency, answers to written questions on notice, [p. 1] (received 31 August 2018).

[58]      National Rural Health Alliance, Submission 37, p. 18.

[59]      Department of Health, Submission 30, p. 33; National Rural Health Alliance, Submission 37, p. 18.

[60]      Ms Elizabeth Foley, Federal Professional Officer, Australian Nursing and Midwifery Federation, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 18.

[61]      Ms Elizabeth Foley, Australian Nursing and Midwifery Federation, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 18.

[62]      Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine, Submission 43, p. 7.

[63]      Mrs Peta Rutherford, Rural Doctors Association of Australia, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 8.

[64]      Mr Jake Hay, Shire of Halls Creek, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 12; Marcella M S Kwan et al, 'The rural pipeline to longer-term rural practice: General practitioners and specialists', PLoS ONE, vol. 12, no. 4, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0180394, in Australian Psychological Society, Submission 103, p. 12. See also: Therese Zink et al, 'Efforts to graduate more primary care physicians and physicians who will practice in rural areas: examining outcome from the University of Minnesota-Duluth and the Rural Physician Associate Program', Academic Medicine, vol. 85, no. 4, 2010, pp. 599–604; James TB Rourke, 'Relationship between practice location of Ontario family physicians and their rural background or amount of rural medical education', Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine, vol. 10, no. 4, 2005, pp. 231–240.

[65]      Dr Matthew Coleman, Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 3. See also: Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists, Submission 95.1, [p. 2].

[66]      Dr Martin Laverty, RFDS, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 6.

[67]      Dr Prue Plowright, Senior Medical Officer, Derby Aboriginal Health Service, Committee Hansard, Derby, 6 July 2018, p. 8.

[68]      Professor Paul Worley, National Rural Mental Health Commissioner, Department of Health, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 79.

[69]      Mrs Peta Rutherford, Rural Doctors Association of Australia, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 8; Professor Paul Worley, Department of Health, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 79.

[70]      Mrs Peta Rutherford, Rural Doctors Association of Australia, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 8.

[71]      Ms Chris Jeacle, Assistant Secretary, Rural Access Branch, Health Workforce Division, Department of Health, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 16 October 2018, p. 8.

[72]      See, for example: Roses in the Ocean, Submission 7, p. 2.

[73]      Mr Brendan Morrison, Kununurra Waringarri Aboriginal Corporation, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 6.

[74]      Dr Stephanie Trust, Kununurra Medical, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 13.

[75]      Dr Huu Duy Tran, Consultant Psychiatrist, Kimberley Mental Health and Drug Service, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 25.

[76]      ConnectGroups Support Groups Association WA (ConnectGroups), Submission 3, [p. 8].

[77]      ConnectGroups, Submission 3, [p. 3].

[78]      Mr Dylan Lewis, Committee Hansard, Katherine, 9 July 2018, p. 18.

[79]      Mr Dylan Lewis, Committee Hansard, Katherine, 9 July 2018, p. 19.

[80]      Ms Jo Brown, President /Coordinator, Depression Support Network Albany Inc, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, pp. 30–31.

[81]      Ms Jo Brown, Depression Support Network Albany Inc, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 31.

[82]      Mrs Joanne Cooke, Lived Experience Advocate and Board Member, The Butterfly Foundation, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 49.

[83]      Mr John Harper, Member, Lived Experience, Suicide Prevention Australia, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 48.

[84]      Congress of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nurses and Midwives (CATSINaM), Submission 74, p. 5.

[85]      CATSINaM, Submission 74, p. 3.

[86]      CATSINaM, Submission 74, p. 2.

[87]      Aboriginal Medical Services Alliance Northern Territory (AMSANT), Submission 129, p. 6.

[88]      Mr Phil Ihme, Senior Director Mental Health Services, Northern Australia Primary Health Limited, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, pp. 21–22.

[89]      Mrs Danielle Dyall, Team Leader Trauma Informed Care and Social Emotional Wellbeing, AMSANT, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 7.

[90]      Associate Professor John Boffa, Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 3.

[91]      Dr Martin Laverty, RFDS, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 6.

[92]      Ms Lorraine Davies, Mental Illness Fellowship of Australia (NT), Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 16.

[93]      Mr Jake Hay, Shire of Halls Creek, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 12.

[94]      Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Submission 55, pp. 12–13.

[95]      Miss Mary Moloney, Wellbeing Manager and Registered Mental Health Nurse, Wurli-Wurlinjang Health Service, Committee Hansard, Katherine, 9 July 2018, p. 8.

[96]      Miss Nawoola Newry, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 25 and 26.

[97]      CATSINaM, Submission 74, p. 6.

[98]      Dr Huu Duy Tran, Kimberley Mental Health and Drug Service, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 21.

[99]      CATSINaM, Submission 74, p. 3.

[100]    AMSANT, Submission 129, p. 6.

[101]    Dr Denise Riordan, Chief Psychiatrist, Northern Territory Department of Health, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 6.

[102]    CATSINaM, Submission 74, p. 3.

[103]    NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 2.

[104]    NACCHO, Submission 128, p. 2.

[105]    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Healing Foundation, Submission 39, p. 8.

[106]    Professor Sabina Knight, Director, Centre for Rural and Remote Health, James Cook University, Committee Hansard, Mount Isa, 29 August 2018, p. 30.

[107]    Associate Professor John Boffa, Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 7.

[108]    Dr Peter Fitzpatrick, Executive Director, Medical Services, Wurli-Wurlinjang Health Service, Committee Hansard, Katherine, 9 July 2018, p. 11.

[109]    Ms Catherine Crawford, Coordinator, North Queensland Combined Women's Services, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 27.

[110]    Ms Brenda King, Anglicare WA, Committee Hansard, Kununurra, 5 July 2018, p. 19.

[111]    Associate Professor John Boffa, Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 8.

[112]    Ms Helen Egan, TeamHEALTH, Northern Territory Mental Health Coalition, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 17.

[113]    Dr Peter Fitzpatrick, Wurli-Wurlinjang Health Service, Committee Hansard, Katherine, 9 July 2018, pp. 14–15.

[114]    Ms Robyn Long, Jungarni-Jutiya Indigenous Corporation, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 4.

[115]    Ms Robyn Long, Jungarni-Jutiya Indigenous Corporation, Committee Hansard, Halls Creek, 5 July 2018, p. 4.

[116]    Dr Renee Bauer, Kimberley Mental Health and Drug Service, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 25; Dr Roland Main, Western Australia Country Health Service, Committee Hansard, Albany, 5 June 2018, p. 2.

[117]    Dr Renee Bauer, Kimberley Mental Health and Drug Service, Committee Hansard, Broome, 6 July 2018, p. 25.

[118]    Ms Helen Egan, TeamHEALTH, Northern Territory Mental Health Coalition, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 18.

[119]    AMSANT, Submission 129, p. 6.

[120]    Ms Georgina Harman, Chief Executive Officer, beyondblue, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 49.

[121]    Ms Georgina Harman, beyondblue, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 19 July 2018, p. 49.

[122]    Mr Darrell Brock, Executive Director, Community Services, Wurli-Wurlinjang Health Service, Committee Hansard, Katherine, 9 July 2018, p. 8.

[123]    Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet, answers to written questions on notice, pp. 3–4 (received 2 November 2018).

[124]    Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet, answers to written questions on notice, p. 4 (received 2 November 2018).

[125]    Mrs Danielle Dyall, AMSANT, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 10.

[126]    Mrs Erica Buttigieg, Social and Emotional Wellbeing Program Manager, Townsville Aboriginal and Islanders Health Services, Committee Hansard, Townsville, 30 August 2018, p. 29.

[127]    Mrs Danielle Dyall, AMSANT, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 7.

[128]    Mrs Danielle Dyall, AMSANT, Committee Hansard, Darwin, 9 July 2018, p. 10.

[129]    Dr Jon-Paul Cacioli, Australian Central Aboriginal Congress, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, pp. 7–8.

[130]    Dr Jon-Paul Cacioli, Central Australian Aboriginal Congress, Committee Hansard, Alice Springs, 10 July 2018, p. 8.

APPENDIX 3 - Summary of committee sites visits related to the inquiry

[1]        Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2016 Census QuickStats, 'Derby (WA)', http://quickstats.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2016/quickstat/SSC50404 (accessed 4 September 2018).

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