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Footnotes

Footnotes

Interim report

[1] http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Wind_Turbines/Wind_Turbines/Terms_of_Reference

[2]        See submissions 17, 18, 34, 35, 42, 56, 60, 122, 204, 206, 208, 209, 210, 211, 219 and 337 and the evidence of affected residents from the public hearing transcripts of 30 March, 18 May and 9 and 10 June 2015.

[3]        See the evidence of Mr Peter Jelbart, Proof Committee Hansard, 30 March 2015, p. 72.

[4]        Professor Simon Chapman, 'Wind turbine syndrome: a classic communicated disease', Australasian Science, October 2012, vol. 33, no. 8, p. 36. See also The Australia Institute, submission 67, p. 20.

[5]        This is the view of the various wind farm operators. See submissions by AGL Energy (83), Ergon Energy (84), RATCH Australia (116), Wind Prospect (167) and Trustpower (173) and Infigen (425).

[6]        A distinction is made between noise (which is audible) and sound (which is both audible and sub-audible).

[7]        See Submission 254. For praise of Mr Cooper's work, see Mr Peter Mitchell, submission 387.

[8]        See Atkinson & Rapley Consulting, Submission 409

[9]        See Parkesbourne/Mummel Landscape Guardians Inc., Submission 119, pp 84–87.

[10]      National Health and Medical Research Council, 'NHMRC Statement: Evidence on Wind Farms and Human Health', February 2015, https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/publications/attachments/eh57_nhmrc_statement_wind_farms_human_health_0.pdf (accessed 10 June 2015). Emphasis added.

[11]      Correspondence from Dr Ramin Parsa-Parsi, Head of International Affairs, German Medical Association, received 15 June 2015.

[12]      Mr Peter Mitchell, Proof Committee Hansard, Melbourne, 9 June 2015, p. 16.

[13]      Dr Michael Crawford, Submission 316, p. 8.

[14]      Mr Kane Thornton, Clean Energy Council, Proof Committee Hansard, Melbourne, 9 June 2015, p. 3.

[15]      Mr Les Huson, Proof Committee Hansard, Melbourne, 9 June 2015, p. 60. The organisation is the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO).

[16]      Parkesbourne/Mummel Landscape Guardians Inc., Submission 119, p. 52. See also Mr Les Huson, Proof Committee Hansard, Melbourne, 9 June 2015, p. 61; Mr John McMahon, Victorian Wind Reform Alliance, Proof Committee Hansard, Melbourne, 9 June 2015, p. 67.

[17]      See http://www.iesc.environment.gov.au/

[18]      Mr Les Huson, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 June 2015, p. 59.

[19]      See Mr Christophe Delaire, Marshall Day Acoustics, Proof Committee Hansard, 10 June 2015, p. 14.

[20]      See Pacific Hydro, Submission 419

[21]      See Dr Bob Thorne, Proof Committee Hansard, 18 May 2015, p. 47. See also Ms Natalie Webster, Submission 237, p. 2.

[22]      The Council is composed of the federal Minister for the Environment and each of the State and Territory Environment Ministers. The Council's key functions are to make NEPMs and to assess and report on the implementation of these measures in participating jurisdictions.

[23]      Intergovernmental Agreement on the Environment, Schedule 4 section 16

[24]      National Environment Council Act 1994, section 14(1)(c) and Intergovernmental Agreement on the Environment, Schedule 4, s 5.

[25]      Mr Darren Arney, Proof Committee Hansard, 10 June 2015, p. 50.

[26]      Tarwin Valley Coastal Guardians, Submission 45, p. 28.

[27]      See Moorabool Shire Council, Submission 375, p. 2; Moyne Shire Council, Submission 460, p. 6; Tablelands Regional Council, Submission 158, p. 2; Pyrenees Shire Council, Submission 47, p. 2.

[28]      See Mr Gareth Hately, Municipal Council of Victoria, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 June 2015, p. 54.

[29]      See Mr Hately, Proof Committee Hansard, 9 June 2015, p. 54.

Dissenting Report

[1]        Nelson, T., Reid, C., and McNeill, J., Energy only markets and renewable energy targets: complementary policy or policy collision?, AGL Applied Economic and Policy Research Working Paper No. 43, August 2014, p. 15.  http://aglblog.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/No-43-energy-only-and-renewable-targets-FINAL.pdf, (accessed 14 June 2014)

[2]        Select Committee on Wind Turbines, Interim Report, (Majority report), p.5.

[3]        Summary of main conclusions reached in 25 reviews of the research literature on wind farms and health, Chapman, Simon and Simonetti, Teresa. Available at http://ses.library.usyd.edu.au/handle/2123/10559

[4]        http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/consult/_2013/wind_turbine-eoliennes/research_recherche-eng.php

[5]        http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/noise-bruit/turbine-eoliennes/summary-resume-eng.php

[6]        Majority report, p.3

[7]        Chapman, Simon. Symptoms, Diseases and Aberrant Behaviours Attributed to Wind Turbine Exposure. Available at http://ses.library.usyd.edu.au/handle/2123/10501

[8]        Chapman, Simon. Spatio-temporal differences in the history of health and noise complaints about Australian wind farms: evidence for the psychogenic, 'communicated disease' hypothesis. Available at: http://ses.library.usyd.edu.au/handle/2123/8977

[9]        http://etwasluft.blogspot.com.au/2013/03/the-disease-with-perfect-english.html

[10]      Mr Nielsen, Committee Hansard, 9 June 2015, Melbourne, p.25

[11]      Mr McAlpine, Committee Hansard, 9 June 2015, Melbourne, p.31

[12]      Crichton F1, Dodd G2, Schmid G2, Gamble G3, Petrie KJ1. Can expectations produce symptoms from infrasound associated with wind turbines? Health Psychol. 2014 Apr;33(4):360-4. doi: 10.1037/a0031760. Epub 2013 Mar 11.

[13]      Chapman, Simon. Spatio-temporal differences in the history of health and noise complaints about Australian wind farms: evidence for the psychogenic, 'communicated disease' hypothesis. Available at: http://ses.library.usyd.edu.au/handle/2123/8977

[14]      Chapman, Simon. Spatio-temporal differences in the history of health and noise complaints about Australian wind farms: evidence for the psychogenic, 'communicated disease' hypothesis. Available at: http://ses.library.usyd.edu.au/handle/2123/8977

[15]      Australian Association of Acoustical Consultants (AAAC), Supplementary submission 194, p. 2.

[16]      EPA South Australia and Resonate Acoustics, Infrasound levels near wind farms and in other environments, p. iii, available at: www.epa.sa.gov.au/files/477912_infrasound.pdf

[17]      EPA South Australia and Resonate Acoustics, Infrasound levels near wind farms and in other environments, p. iii, available at: www.epa.sa.gov.au/files/477912_infrasound.pdf

[18]      Stead, M., Cooper, J. And Evans, T., Comparison of Infrasound Measured at People’s Ears When Walking to that Measured Near Wind Farms, Acoustics Australia, Vol. 42, No. 3, December 2014, pp. 197-203, http://www.acoustics.asn.au/journal/Vol42No3-LOWRES.pdf, accessed 14 June 2015.

[19]      PacificHydro and The Acoustic Group, Joint Statement – Pacific Hydro & the Acoustic Group, 16 February 2015, http://www.pacifichydro.com.au/files/2015/02/Pacific-Hydro-The-Acoustic-Group-Joint-statement-16-February.pdf

[20]      Submission 194, p.[2]

[21]      Committee Hansard, 10 June 2015, Adelaide, p.11

[22]      Jacqui Hoepner and Will J Grant. Wind turbine studies: how to sort the good, the bad and the ugly, The Conversation, January 22 2015. https://theconversation.com/wind-turbine-studies-how-to-sort-the-good-the-bad-and-the-ugly-36548

[23]      AAAC, Submission 194.

[24]      AAAC, Submission 194, pp. 1-2.

[25]      AAAC, Submission194, p. 3.

[26]      AAAC, Submission 194, p. 1.

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