Footnotes

Footnotes

Chapter 1 - Introduction and Background

[1]        Journals of the Senate, 19 June 2014, pp 920–921.

[2]        Journals of the Senate, 2 September 2014, p. 1390.

[3]        Journals of the Senate, 24 November 2014, p. 1827.

[4]        Attorney-General's Department (AGD), Submission 42, p. 4.

[5]        Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC), Submission 76, p. 4.

[6]        AGD, Submission 42, p. 3.

[7]        AGD, Submission 42, p. 3.

[8]        AGD, Submission 42, Attachment A.

[9]        S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, AIC, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, pp 7–10, http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/current%20series/rpp/100-120/rpp116.html (accessed 2 October 2014).

[10]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 5; S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, Australian Institute of Criminology, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012.

[11]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 4.

[12]      J Phillips, M Park and C Lorimer, Firearms in Australia: a guide to electronic resources, Parliamentary Library, 9 August 2007, http://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/pubs/BN/0708/FirearmsAustralia (accessed 2 October 2014).

[13]      Australian National Audit Office (ANAO), The Gun Buy-Back Scheme, December 1997,
pp 6–7, http://www.anao.gov.au/uploads/documents/1997-98_audit_report_25.pdf (accessed 2 October 2014).

[14]      J Phillips, M Park and C Lorimer, Firearms in Australia: a guide to electronic resources, Parliamentary Library, 9 August 2007.

[15]      AGD, Submission 42, Attachments C and D.

[16]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 4.

[17]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 4.

[18]      J Phillips, M Park and C Lorimer, Firearms in Australia: a guide to electronic resources, Parliamentary Library, 9 August 2007.

[19]      J Phillips, M Park and C Lorimer, Firearms in Australia: a guide to electronic resources, Parliamentary Library, 9 August 2007.

[20]      Australian Crime Commission (ACC), Illicit Firearms fact sheet, 2013, https://www.crimecommission.gov.au/sites/default/files/ILLICIT%20FIREARMS%20JULY%202013.pdf (accessed 2 October 2014).

[21]      See the committee report for further information: Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee, Crimes Legislation Amendment (Organised Crime and Other Measures) Bill 2012, March 2013.

[22]      See the committee report for further information: Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee, Crimes Legislation Amendment (Psychoactive Substances and Other Measures), September 2014.

[23]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 7.

[24]      AGD, Submission 42, Attachment E. Further information with regards to import restrictions is set out in AGD's submission at Attachment E.

[25]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 7.

[26]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 7.

[27]      The Law Library of Congress, Firearms-Control Legislation and Policy: Australia, 16 September 2014, http://www.loc.gov/law/help/firearms-control/australia.php (accessed 2 October 2014).

[28]      The Law Library of Congress, Firearms-Control Legislation and Policy: Australia, 16 September 2014.

[29]      The Law Library of Congress, Firearms-Control Legislation and Policy: Australia, 16 September 2014.

[30]      J Curtis, Australian gun laws, Parliamentary Library, 21 December 2012, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/download/library/prspub/2164439/upload_binary/2164439.pdf;fileType=application%2Fpdf (accessed 2 October 2014).

[31]      L Hirsh, 'Brothers in Arms Control: Introducing Australian-Style Gun Control in the United States', Macquarie Law Journal, 2013, vol. 12, pp 89-91.

[32]      L Hirsh, 'Brothers in Arms Control: Introducing Australian-Style Gun Control in the United States', Macquarie Law Journal, 2013, vol. 12, p. 90.

Chapter 2 - Illicit firearms in Australia: quantity and source

[1]        Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC), Submission 76, p. 4.

[2]        Mr Paul Jevtovic, National Manager, Strategic Intelligence and Strategy, Australian Crime Commission (ACC), Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 34.

[3]        Detective Chief Superintendent Ken Finch, Director of the Organised Crime Directorate, NSW Police Force, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, pp 41–42.

[4]        Mr Robert Schwarz, Firearms Traders Association of Victoria, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, pp 34–35.

[5]        Mr Gary Bryant, General Manager, Firearm Safety and Training Council, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 6.

[6]        S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, AIC, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, p. 23, http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/current%20series/rpp/100-120/rpp116.html (accessed 2 October 2014).

[7]        Mr Jevtovic, ACC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 34.

[8]        Mr Jevtovic, ACC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 34.

[9]        Mr Jevtovic, ACC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, pp 33–34.

[10]      Mr Jevtovic, ACC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 33.

[11]      Mr Luca Scribani Rossi, President, National Firearm Dealers Association Inc., Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 28; Mr Greg Chan, General Manager, Beretta Australia Pty Ltd, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 39.

[12]      Mr Chan, Beretta Australia Pty Ltd, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 39.

[13]      Commonwealth of Australia and the State of New South Wales, Martin Place Siege: Joint Commonwealth– New South Wales Review, February 2015, p. 48, http://www.dpmc.gov.au/pmc/publication/martin-place-siege-joint-commonwealth-new-south-wales-review (accessed 23 February 2015).

[14]      Commonwealth of Australia and the State of New South Wales, Martin Place Siege: Joint Commonwealth–New South Wales Review, February 2015, pp 48–49.

[15]      For example: Mr Bryant, Firearm Safety and Training Council, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 5; Field & Game Australia Inc., Submission 81, p. 2; Shooters Union Australia, Submission 101, p. 4; Dr Jim Lemon, Submission 215, p. 4; and Mr Geoffrey Jones, President, Sporting Shooters' Association of Australia, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 33.

[16]      Mr Jones, Sporting Shooters' Association of Australia, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 33.

[17]      Mrs Catherine Fettell, President, Shooting Australia, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 13. 

[18]      For example: Mr Roland Browne, Vice-President, Gun Control Australia, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 1; Dr Terry Goldsworthy, Assistant Professor, Criminology, Faculty of Society and Design, Bond University, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 23; and Mr  Chan, Beretta Australia Pty Ltd, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 41.

[19]      Dr Goldsworthy, Bond University, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 23.

[20]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 18. 

[21]      Dr Samantha Bricknell, Research manager (Violence and Exploitation), AIC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 46. 

[22]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 18. 

[23]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 18. 

[24]      Australian Federal Police (AFP), Submission 182, p. 9. 

[25]      ACC, Submission 75, p. 4. 

[26]      Mr Jevtovic, ACC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 37. 

[27]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 10.

[28]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 12.

[29]      Detective Superintendent Peter De Santo APM, Victoria Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 53.

[30]      Detective Superintendent De Santo APM, Victoria Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 56.

[31]      Detective Superintendent De Santo APM, Victoria Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 54. 

[32]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 48. 

[33]      Mr Bryant, Firearm Safety and Training Council, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 5.

[34]      NSW Government Justice Cluster, Submission 391, p. 2.

[35]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 42.

[36]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, pp 47–48.

[37]      NSW Government Justice Cluster, Submission 391, p. 3.

[38]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 46.

[39]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 42.

[40]      Victoria Police, Submission 389, p. 3.

[41]      Detective Superintendent De Santo APM, Victoria Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 57.

[42]      Detective Superintendent De Santo APM, Victoria Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 58.

[43]      Detective Superintendent 4 De Santo APM, Victoria Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 58.

[44]      Detective Superintendent De Santo APM, Victoria Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 56.

[45]      ACC, Submission 75, p. 4.

[46]      'Black market supplying illegal guns, according to Home Affairs Minister Jason Clare', Daily Telegraph, 14 May 2012, available: http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/black-market-supplying-illegal-guns-according-to-home-affairs-minister-jason-clare/story-e6freuy9-1226354243081 (accessed 21 March 2015). 

[47]      Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS), 2012–2013 Annual Report, available: http://www.customs.gov.au/aboutus/annualreports/2013/p3d.html
(accessed 21 March 2015). 

[48]      Dr Bricknell, AIC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 46.

[49]      Mrs Karen Harfield, National Director Intelligence, ACBPS, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 61.

[50]      Mrs Harfield, ACBPS, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 62.

[51]      Mrs Harfield, ACBPS, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 66.

[52]      Mrs Harfield, ACBPS, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 66.

[53]      Mrs Harfield, ACBPS, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 64.

[54]      ACBPS, Submission 61, p. 3.

[55]      Mrs Harfield, ACBPS, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 67.

[56]      ACBPS, Detector dog program, July 2006, http://www.customs.gov.au/webdata/resources/files/FS_detectDogProg040819.pdf
(accessed 18 February 2015).

[57]      ACBPS, Training detector dog teams, http://www.customs.gov.au/site/page4305.asp  (accessed 18 February 2015).

[58]      ACBPS, Detector dog program, July 2006.

[59]      Senator the Hon Michaelia Cash, 'Minister Cash commends ACBPS Detector Dog Program', Media release, 29 November 2013.

[60]      ACBPS, Detector dog program, July 2006.

[61]      Mr Doug Smith, Chief Executive Officer, CrimTrac, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 32.

[62]      S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, AIC, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012.

[63]      ACC, Submission 75, p. 5.

[64]      ACC, Answers to a questions taken on notice, received 17 November 2014. 

[65]      ACC, Submission 75, p. 4.

[66]      Mr Jevtovic, ACC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 34.

[67]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 6. 

[68]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 6. 

[69]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 6.

[70]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 7.

[71]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 8. 

[72]      ACC, Submission 75, p. 4.

[73]      Mr Jevtovic, ACC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 34.

[74]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 10.

[75]      Dr Bricknell, AIC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 46.

[76]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 4. 

[77]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 4. 

[78]      Firearm Safety and Training Council, Submission 73, p. 3. 

[79]      Firearm Safety and Training Council, Submission 73, p. 3. 

[80]      Dr Bricknell, AIC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 49.

[81]      Dr Bricknell, AIC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 46.

[82]      ACC, Submission 75, p. 5.

[83]      Dr Bricknell, AIC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 49.

[84]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 9.

[85]      The Honourable David Hawker, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 61.

[86]      Ms Sarah McKinnon, Manager, Workplace Relations and Legal Affairs, National Farmers' Federation (NFF), Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 18.

[87]      Mr Howard Brown OAM, Vice-President, Victims of Crime Assistance League, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, pp 10–11.

Chapter 3 - Impact of illicit firearms on the community

[1]        Mr Howard Brown OAM, Victims of Crime Assistance League, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 13.

[2]        Gun Control Australia (GCA), Answers to questions taken on notice, received 10 November 2014, p. 2. 

[3]        Australian Crime Commission (ACC), Submission 75, p. 3.

[4]        Detective Chief Superintendent Ken Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 41.

[5]        Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 47.

[6]        Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC), Submission 76, p. 10.

[7]        AIC, Submission 76, pp 10–11.

[8]        AIC, Submission 76, p. 11.

[9]        AIC, Submission 76, p. 11.

[10]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 11.

[11]      NSW Justice Cluster, Submission 391, p. 4. 

[12]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 41. 

[13]      NSW Police, Answers to questions taken on notice, received 11 December 2014.

[14]      Western Australian Police, Answers to questions taken on notice, received 12 December 2014.

[15]      Victoria Police, Answers to questions taken on notice, received 10 December 2014.

[16]      Victoria Police, Answers to questions taken on notice, received 10 December 2014.

[17]      Queensland Police, Answers to questions taken on notice, received 8 December 2014.

[18]      AIC, Answer to a question taken on notice, received 13 November 2014. 

[19]      AIC, Answer to a question taken on notice, received 13 November 2014. 

[20]      ACC, Answer to a question taken on notice, received 17 November 2014. 

[21]      ACC, Answer to a question taken on notice, received 17 November 2014. 

[22]      Detective Superintendent Peter De Santo APM, Victoria Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 60.

[23]      Assistant Commissioner Julian Slater, National Manager, Forensics, Australian Federal Police (AFP), Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 72.

[24]      ACC, Submission 75, p. 2.

[25]      ACC, Submission 75, p. 2. 

[26]      ACC, Submission 75, p. 2.

[27]      Dr Samantha Bricknell, Research Manager (Violence and Exploitation), AIC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 45. 

[28]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 45.

[29]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 45.

[30]      Mr Brown OAM, Victims of Crime Assistance League, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 12.

[31]      Mr Gary Bryant, Firearm Safety and Training Council, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 7.

[32]      Ms McKinnon, NFF, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 18.

[33]      Dr Bricknell, AIC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 45.

[34]      Victoria Police, Answers to questions taken on notice, received 10 December 2014. 

Chapter 4 - Regulation of firearms

[1]        Attorney-General's Department (AGD), Submission 42, p. 2.

[2]        Shooting Australia, Submission 60, p. 5. 

[3]        Mr Paul Britton, Vice President, NSW Firearms Dealers Association Inc., Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 25.

[4]        Detective Acting Superintendent Jason Herbert, Commander, State Crime Command, Firearms and Organised Crime Squad, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 50.

[5]        Detective Superintendent Peter De Santo APM, Commander, State Anti-Gangs Division, Victoria Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 57.

[6]        Law Institute of Victoria (LIV), Submission 124, p. 2.

[7]        LIV, Submission 124, p. 2.

[8]        S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC), Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, p. 11, http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/current%20series/rpp/100-120/rpp116.html (accessed 2 October 2014).

[9]        S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, Australian Institute of Criminology, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, p. 21.

[10]      S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, Australian Institute of Criminology, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, p. 21.

[11]      S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, Australian Institute of Criminology, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, p. 21.

[12]      S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, Australian Institute of Criminology, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, pp 21–22.

[13]      S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, Australian Institute of Criminology, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, p. 22.

[14]      Mr Andrew Warnes, Director, Firearms Section, AGD, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 53.

[15]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 5.

[16]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 5.

[17]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 5.

[18]      Mr Albert Yu, Co-chair, Young Lawyers Section, Law Reform Committee, LIV, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, pp 10–11.

[19]      Assistant Commissioner Julian Slater, National Manager, Forensics, Australian Federal Police (AFP), Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 71.

[20]      Assistant Commissioner Slater, AFP, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 57.

[21]      AFP, Submission 182, pp 3-4.

[22]      S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, Australian Institute of Criminology, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, pp 21–22.

[23]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 18.

[24]      S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, Australian Institute of Criminology, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, p. 21.

[25]      S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, Australian Institute of Criminology, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, p. 21.

[26]      See the Firearms Amendment (Ammunition Control) Act 2012.

[27]      Detective Chief Superintendent Ken Finch, Director of the Organised Crime Directorate, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 51.

[28]      Mr Britton, NSW Firearms Dealers Association Inc., Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 29.

[29]      Victoria Police, Submission 389, p. 5. 

[30]      Assistant Commissioner Slater, AFP, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, pp 74–75. 

[31]      Mr William Paterson, Chairman, Field and Game Australia, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 45.

[32]      Mr Yu, LIV, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 10.

[33]      Ms Sarah McKinnon, Manager, Workplace Relations and Legal Affairs, National Farmers' Federation (NFF), Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 20.

[34]      Mr Peter Skillern, Policy Manager, Tasmanian Farmers and Graziers Association, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 20.

[35]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 48.

[36]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 48.

[37]      Mr Skillern, Tasmanian Farmers and Graziers Association, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 17.

[38]      Ms McKinnon, NFF, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 13.

[39]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 48.

[40]      Ms McKinnon, NFF, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 42.

[41]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 11.

[42]      Dr Samantha Bricknell, Research Manager (Violence and Exploitation), AIC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 47.

[43]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 17.

[44]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 17.

[45]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 17.

[46]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 17.

[47]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 17.

[48]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 17.

[49]      Mr Paul Jevtovic, National Manager, Strategic Intelligence and Strategy, Australian Crime Commission (ACC), Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, pp 34–35.

[50]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 17.

[51]      Mr Jevtovic, ACC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 36.

[52]      Mr Jevtovic, ACC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 37.

[53]      S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, AIC, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, p. 20.

[54]      Assistant Commissioner Slater, AFP, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 71.

[55]       AIC, Submission 76, p. 10.

[56]      Mr Skillern, Tasmanian Farmers and Graziers Association, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 19.

[57]      Mr Peter Whelan, President and Treasurer, Shooters Union NSW Inc, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 32.

[58]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 40.

[59]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, pp 42–43.

[60]      Mrs Catherine Fettell, President, Shooting Australia, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 20.

[61]      Mr Whelan, Shooters Union NSW, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 38.

[62]      Crawford Legal, Response to Submission 144, p. 2.

[63]      Mr Trevor Kenny, Submission 144, p. 1. 

[64]      Mr Graham Park, President, Shooters Union of Australia, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 19.

[65]      Ms McKinnon, NFF, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 22.

[66]      Mr Gary Bryant, General Manager, Firearm Safety and Training Council, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 6.

[67]      Mr Britton, NSW Firearms Dealers Association Inc., Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 23.

[68]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 47.

[69]      T Nightingale, 'Tasmanian gun dealers cool on amnesty changes', ABC News, 13 February 2014, available: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-02-12/tasmanian-gun-dealers-cool-on-amnesty-changes/5256262 (accessed 22 March 2015). 

[70]      T Nightingale, 'Tasmanian gun dealers cool on amnesty changes', ABC News, 13 February 2014. 

[71]      T Nightingale, 'Tasmanian gun dealers cool on amnesty changes', ABC News, 13 February 2014.        

Chapter 5 - Effectiveness of registering and licensing firearms

[1]        For further information see: S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, Australian Institute of Criminology, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, pp 6–22, http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/current%20series/rpp/100-120/rpp116.html (accessed 2 October 2014).

[2]        Mr Graham Park, President, Shooters Union of Australia, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 18.

[3]        Mr Edward Stanley, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 60.

[4]        Mr Roland Browne, Vice-President, Gun Control Australia (GCA), Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 6.

[5]        Mr Andrew Warnes, Director, Firearms Section, Attorney-General's Department (AGD), Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 59.

[6]        CrimTrac, Submission 87, p. 3.

[7]        CrimTrac, Submission 87, p. 3.

[8]        CrimTrac, 'Our services', 2011, http://www.crimtrac.gov.au/our_services/index.html
(accessed 3 March 2015).

[9]        Mr Stanley, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 56.

[10]      Assistant Commissioner Julian Slater, National Manager, Forensics, Australian Federal Police (AFP), Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 77.

[11]      Detective Acting Superintendent Jason Herbert, Commander, State Crime Command, Firearms and Organised Crime Squad, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 50.

[12]      For further information see: S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, Australian Institute of Criminology, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, p. 26.

[13]      CrimTrac, Submission 87, p. 3.

[14]      Mr Doug Smith, Chief Executive Officer, CrimTrac, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 27.

[15]      Commonwealth of Australia and the State of New South Wales, Martin Place Siege: Joint Commonwealth - New South Wales Review, February 2015, pp 48-49, http://www.dpmc.gov.au/pmc/publication/martin-place-siege-joint-commonwealth-new-south-wales-review (accessed 23 February 2015).

[16]      Commonwealth of Australia and the State of New South Wales, Martin Place Siege: Joint Commonwealth - New South Wales Review, February 2015, pp 48-49.

[17]      Mr Smith, CrimTrac, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 27.

[18]      Australian Crime Commission (ACC), Illicit Firearms fact sheet, 2013, https://www.crimecommission.gov.au/sites/default/files/ILLICIT%20FIREARMS%20JULY%202013.pdf (accessed 2 October 2014).

[19]      CrimTrac, Submission 87, p. 6.

[20]      CrimTrac, Submission 87, p. 6.

[21]      The Hon Julia Gillard MP, the then Prime Minister, 'National Plan to Tackle Gangs, Organised Crime and the Illegal Firearms Market', Media release, 6 March 2014.

[22]      CrimTrac, Submission 87, p. 6.

[23]      Commonwealth of Australia and the State of New South Wales, Martin Place Siege: Joint Commonwealth - New South Wales Review, February 2015, p. ix.

[24]      Mr Russell Pearson, Consultant, Beretta Australia Pty Ltd, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 42; Mr Jeffery Gordon, Sales and Marketing Manager, Winchester Australia Ltd, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 42; Mr Barry Howlett, Executive Officer, Australian Deer Association Inc., Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, pp 47-48; Mr Stanley, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 56.

[25]      Commonwealth of Australia and the State of New South Wales, Martin Place Siege: Joint Commonwealth - New South Wales Review, February 2015, p. 49.

[26]      Commonwealth of Australia and the State of New South Wales, Martin Place Siege: Joint Commonwealth - New South Wales Review, February 2015, p. 50.

[27]      Detective Chief Superintendent Ken Finch, Director of the Organised Crime Directorate, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, pp 51–52.

[28]      Mr Gordon, Winchester Australia Ltd, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 42.

[29]      CrimTrac, Submission 87, p. 5.

[30]      CrimTrac, Submission 87, p. 5.

[31]      CrimTrac, Submission 87, p. 3.

[32]      Mr Smith, CrimTrac, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 28.

[33]      CrimTrac, Submission 87, p. 4.

[34]      Mr Smith, CrimTrac, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 28.

Chapter 6 - Development of 3D manufactured firearms

[1]        In this report '3D manufacturing' and '3D printing' refer to the same manufacturing process and are used interchangeably.

[2]        C Jewell, '3-D Printing and the Future of Stuff', WIPO magazine, April 2013.

[3]        C Jewell, '3-D Printing and the Future of Stuff', WIPO magazine, April 2013.

[4]        C Jewell, '3-D Printing and the Future of Stuff', WIPO magazine, April 2013.

[5]        Ms Angela Daly, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Swinburne Institute for Social Research, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 20.

[6]        Ms Daly, Swinburne Institute for Social Research, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 20.

[7]        Mr Michael De Souza, CEO, Australian 3D Manufacturing Association (A3DMA), Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 24.

[8]        Mr De Souza, A3DMA, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 5.

[9]        Mr Nicholas Jenzen-Jones, Director, Armament Research Services (ARES), Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 5.

[10]      Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 6.

[11]      Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 7.

[12]      Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 6.

[13]      Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 6.

[14]      Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 6.

[15]      Mr De Souza, A3DMA, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 22.

[16]      Australian Crime Commission (ACC), Submission 75, p. 6.

[17]      Mr Howard Brown OAM, Vice-President, Victims of Crime Assistance League, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, pp 11–12.

[18]      Detective Superintendent Peter De Santo APM, Commander, State Anti-Gangs Division, Victoria Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 58.

[19]      Victoria Police, Submission 389, p. 3.

[20]      United Nations General Assembly, Report of the Secretary General: Recent developments in small arms and light weapons manufacturing, technology and design and implications for the implementation of the International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons, 6 May 2014, p. 5.

[21]      ACC, Submission 75, p. 6.

[22]      Assistant Commissioner Julian Slater, National Manager, Forensics, Australian Federal Police (AFP), Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 74.

[23]      Queensland Police, Answer to written questions on notice, received 25 February 2015.

[24]      Queensland Police, Answer to written questions on notice, received 25 February 2015.

[25]      Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 6.

[26]      Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 6.

[27]      Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 70

[28]      Ms Daly, Swinburne Institute for Social Research, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 17.

[29]      Dr Terry Goldsworthy, Assistant Professor, Criminology, Faculty of Society and Design, Bond University, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, pp 17–18.

[30]      ACC, Submission 75, p. 6.

[31]      Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 5. 

[32]      Ms Catherine Smith, Assistant Secretary, Crime Prevention and Federal Offenders Branch, Attorney-General's Department, (AGD) Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 59.

[33]      Law Institute of Victoria (LIV), Submission 124, p. 11.

[34]      LIV, Submission 124, p. 7.

[35]      LIV, Submission 124, p. 11.

[36]      Mr De Souza, A3DMA, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 24.

[37]      Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 5.

[38]      Mr Brown OAM, Victims of Crime Assistance League, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 14.

[39]      Mr Albert Yu, Co-chair, Young Lawyers Section, Law Reform Committee, LIV, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 15.

[40]      Dr Goldsworthy, Bond University, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 18.

[41]      Ms Daly, Swinburne Institute for Social Research, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 17.

[42]      Ms Daly, Submission 393, pp 4-5.

[43]      LIV, Submission 124, pp 8-9.

[44]      Dr Goldsworthy, Bond University, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 19.

[45]      Mr De Souza, A3DMA, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 22. 

Chapter 7 - Committee comment and recommendations

[1]        Mr Paul Jevtovic, National Manager, Strategic Intelligence and Strategy, Australian Crime Commission (ACC), Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 34.

[2]        Mr Jevtovic, ACC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 34.

[3]        Commonwealth of Australia and the State of New South Wales, Martin Place Siege: Joint Commonwealth - New South Wales Review, February 2015, p. 45, http://www.dpmc.gov.au/pmc/publication/martin-place-siege-joint-commonwealth-new-south-wales-review (accessed 23 February 2015).

[4]        Dr Samantha Bricknell, Research Manager (Violence and Exploitation), Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC), Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 46; the Hon David Hawker, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 61; Ms Sarah McKinnon, Manager, Workplace Relations and Legal Affairs, National Farmers' Federation (NFF), Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 18; Mr Howard Brown OAM, Vice-President, Victims of Crime Assistance League, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, pp 10–11.

[5]        ACC, Submission 75, p. 5.

[6]        S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, AIC, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/current%20series/rpp/100-120/rpp116.html (accessed 2 October 2014).

[7]        The NFMP was established to monitor the effects of the 1996 reforms and included information on the use of firearms to commit crime; firearm theft and illegal importation; firearm-related morbidity and mortality; patterns in licensing of firearm owners and registration of firearms; and firearm offences in general. The NFTMP examined the prevalence of firearm theft and the adequacy of storage requirements for firearms.

[8]        Mr Doug Smith, Chief Executive Officer, CrimTrac, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 32.

[9]        Law Institute of Victoria (LIV), Submission 124, p. 2; AIC, Submission 76, p. 18.

[10]      LIV, Submission 124, p. 2.

[11]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 18.

[12]      LIV, Submission 124, p. 7; Ms McKinnon, NFF, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 20; Mr Peter Skillern, Policy Manager, Tasmanian Farmers and Graziers Association, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 20; Detective Chief Superintendent Ken Finch, Director of the Organised Crime Directorate, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 48.

[13]      For example AIC, Submission 76, p. 17; Mr Jevtovic, ACC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, pp 36-37.

[14]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 5.

[15]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 5.

[16]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 5.

[17]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 5; Mr Albert Yu, LIV, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 13.

[18]      Commonwealth of Australia and the State of New South Wales, Martin Place Siege: Joint Commonwealth - New South Wales Review, February 2015, p. 50.

[19]      Commonwealth of Australia and the State of New South Wales, Martin Place Siege: Joint Commonwealth - New South Wales Review, February 2015, p. 48.

[20]      Mr Edward Stanley, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 56; Assistant Commissioner Julian Slater, National Manager, Forensics, Australian Federal Police (AFP), Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 77; Detective Acting Superintendent Jason Herbert, Commander, State Crime Command, Firearms and Organised Crime Squad, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 50; S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, AIC, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, p. 26; CrimTrac, Submission 87, p. 3.

[21]      Commonwealth of Australia and the State of New South Wales, Martin Place Siege: Joint Commonwealth - New South Wales Review, February 2015, p. 49.

[22]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 48.

[23]      LIV, Submission 124, p. 11.

REPORT BY A MAJORITY OF SENATORS ATTENDING THE INQUIRY - Chapter 1

[1]        Journals of the Senate, 19 June 2014, pp 920–921.

[2]        Journals of the Senate, 2 September 2014, p. 1390.

[3]        Journals of the Senate, 24 November 2014, p. 1827.

[4]        Attorney-General's Department (AGD), Submission 42, p. 4.

[5]        Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC), Submission 76, p. 4.

[6]        AGD, Submission 42, p. 3.

[7]        AGD, Submission 42, p. 3.

[8]        AGD, Submission 42, Attachment A.

[9]        S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, AIC, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, pp 7–10, http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/current per cent20series/rpp/100-120/rpp116.html (accessed 2 October 2014).

[10]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 5; S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, Australian Institute of Criminology, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012.

[11]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 4.

[12]      J Phillips, M Park and C Lorimer, Firearms in Australia: a guide to electronic resources, Parliamentary Library, 9 August 2007, http://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/pubs/BN/0708/FirearmsAustralia (accessed 2 October 2014).

[13]      Australian National Audit Office (ANAO), The Gun Buy-Back Scheme, December 1997, pp 6–7, http://www.anao.gov.au/uploads/documents/1997-98_audit_report_25.pdf (accessed 2 October 2014).

[14]      J Phillips, M Park and C Lorimer, Firearms in Australia: a guide to electronic resources, Parliamentary Library, 9 August 2007.

[15]      AGD, Submission 42, Attachments C and D.

[16]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 4.

[17]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 4.

[18]      J Phillips, M Park and C Lorimer, Firearms in Australia: a guide to electronic resources, Parliamentary Library, 9 August 2007.

[19]      J Phillips, M Park and C Lorimer, Firearms in Australia: a guide to electronic resources, Parliamentary Library, 9 August 2007.

[20]      Australian Crime Commission (ACC), Illicit Firearms fact sheet, 2013, https://www.crimecommission.gov.au/sites/default/files/ILLICIT per cent20FIREARMS per cent20JULY per cent202013.pdf (accessed 2 October 2014).

[21]      See the committee report for further information: Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee, Crimes Legislation Amendment (Organised Crime and Other Measures) Bill 2012, March 2013.

[22]      See the committee report for further information: Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee, Crimes Legislation Amendment (Psychoactive Substances and Other Measures), September 2014.

[23]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 7.

[24]      AGD, Submission 42, Attachment E. Further information with regards to import restrictions is set out in AGD's submission at Attachment E.

[25]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 7.

[26]      AGD, Submission 42, p. 7.

[27]      The Law Library of Congress, Firearms-Control Legislation and Policy: Australia, 16 September 2014, http://www.loc.gov/law/help/firearms-control/australia.php (accessed 2 October 2014).

[28]      The Law Library of Congress, Firearms-Control Legislation and Policy: Australia, 16 September 2014.

[29]      The Law Library of Congress, Firearms-Control Legislation and Policy: Australia, 16 September 2014.

[30]      J Curtis, Australian gun laws, Parliamentary Library, 21 December 2012, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/download/library/prspub/2164439/upload_binary/2164439.pdf;fileType=application per cent2Fpdf (accessed 2 October 2014).

[31]      L Hirsh, 'Brothers in Arms Control: Introducing Australian-Style Gun Control in the United States', Macquarie Law Journal, 2013, vol. 12, pp 89-91.

[32]      L Hirsh, 'Brothers in Arms Control: Introducing Australian-Style Gun Control in the United States', Macquarie Law Journal, 2013, vol. 12, p. 90.

[33]      Tom Vangelovski, Submission 206.

[34]      Dr Samara McPhedran, Submission 88.

[35]      Homicides, Firearm Offences and Intimate Violence 2010/11: Supplementary Volume 2 to Crime in England and Wales 2010/11. Available from: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/116483/hosb0212.pdf

[36]      Mr William Woolmore, Submission 383.

[37]      Dr John Lott, Submission 394.

[38]      Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC), Submission 76, p. 4.

[39]      Mr Paul Jevtovic, National Manager, Strategic Intelligence and Strategy, Australian Crime Commission (ACC), Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 34.

[40]      Detective Chief Superintendent Ken Finch, Director of the Organised Crime Directorate, NSW Police Force, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, pp 41–42.

[41]      S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, AIC, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012, p. 23, http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/current per cent20series/rpp/100-120/rpp116.html (accessed 2 October 2014).

[42]      Mr Jevtovic, ACC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 34.

[43]      Mr Jevtovic, ACC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 34.

[44]      Mr Jevtovic, ACC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, pp 33–34.

[45]      Mr Jevtovic, ACC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 33.

[46]      Mr Luca Scribani Rossi, President, National Firearm Dealers Association Inc., Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 28; Mr Greg Chan, General Manager, Beretta Australia Pty Ltd, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 39.

[47]      Mr Chan, Beretta Australia Pty Ltd, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 39.

[48]      Mr Geoff Jones, Sporting Shooters Association of Australia, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 16.

[49]      For example: Mr Bryant, Firearm Safety and Training Council, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 5; Field & Game Australia Inc., Submission 81, p. 2; Shooters Union Australia, Submission 101, p. 4; Dr Jim Lemon, Submission 215, p. 4; and Mr Geoffrey Jones, President, Sporting Shooters' Association of Australia, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 33.

[50]      Mr Jones, Sporting Shooters' Association of Australia, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 33.

[51]      Mrs Catherine Fettell, President, Shooting Australia, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 13. 

[52]      Detective Superintendent De Santo APM, Victoria Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 56.

[53]      Detective Superintendent De Santo APM, Victoria Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 54. 

[54]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 48. 

[55]      Mr Bryant, Firearm Safety and Training Council, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 5.

[56]      NSW Government Justice Cluster, Submission 391, p. 2.

[57]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 42.

[58]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, pp 47–48.

[59]      NSW Government Justice Cluster, Submission 391, p. 3.

[60]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 46.

[61]      Detective Chief Superintendent Finch, NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 42.

[62]      Victoria Police, Submission 389, p. 3.

[63]      Detective Superintendent De Santo APM, Victoria Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 57.

[64]      Detective Superintendent De Santo APM, Victoria Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 58.

[65]      Detective Superintendent 4 De Santo APM, Victoria Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 58.

[66]      Detective Superintendent De Santo APM, Victoria Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 56.

[67]      Mrs Karen Harfield, National Director Intelligence, ACBPS, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 61.

[68]      Mrs Harfield, ACBPS, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 62.

[69]      Mrs Harfield, ACBPS, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 66.

[70]      Mrs Harfield, ACBPS, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 66.

[71]      Mrs Harfield, ACBPS, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 64.

[72]      ACBPS, Submission 61, p. 3.

[73]      Mrs Harfield, ACBPS, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 67.

[74]      ACBPS, Detector dog program, July 2006, http://www.customs.gov.au/webdata/resources/files/FS_detectDogProg040819.pdf (accessed 18 February 2015).

[75]      ACBPS, Training detector dog teams, http://www.customs.gov.au/site/page4305.asp  (accessed 18 February 2015).

[76]      ACBPS, Detector dog program, July 2006.

[77]      Senator the Hon Michaelia Cash, 'Minister Cash commends ACBPS Detector Dog Program', Media release, 29 November 2013.

[78]      ACBPS, Detector dog program, July 2006.

[79]      Mr Doug Smith, Chief Executive Officer, CrimTrac, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 32.

[80]      S Bricknell, Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs, AIC, Research and Public Policy Series no. 116, June 2012.

[81]      ACC, Submission 75, p. 5.

[82]      ACC, Answers to questions taken on notice, received 17 November 2014.

[83]      ACC, Submission 75, p. 4.

[84]      Mr Jevtovic, ACC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 34.

[85]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 6.

[86]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 6.

[87]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 6.

[88]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 7.

[89]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 8.

[90]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 4.

[91]      Mr Jevtovic, ACC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 34.

[92]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 10.

[93]      Dr Bricknell, AIC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 46.

[94]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 4.

[95]      AIC, Submission 76, p. 4.

[96]      Firearm Safety and Training Council, Submission 73, p. 3.

[97]      Dr Bricknell, AIC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 49.

[98]      Dr Bricknell, AIC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 49.

[99]      Dr Bricknell, AIC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 46.

[100]    ACC, Submission 75, p. 5.

[101]    Dr Bricknell, AIC, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 49.

[102]    AIC, Submission 76, p. 9.

[103]    The Honourable David Hawker, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 61.

[104]    Ms Sarah McKinnon, Manager, Workplace Relations and Legal Affairs, National Farmers' Federation (NFF), Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 18.

[105]    Mr Howard Brown OAM, Vice-President, Victims of Crime Assistance League, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, pp 10–11.

[106]    In this report '3D manufacturing' and '3D printing' refer to the same manufacturing process and are used interchangeably.

[107]    C Jewell, '3-D Printing and the Future of Stuff', WIPO magazine, April 2013.

[108]    C Jewell, '3-D Printing and the Future of Stuff', WIPO magazine, April 2013.

[109]    C Jewell, '3-D Printing and the Future of Stuff', WIPO magazine, April 2013.

[110]    Ms Angela Daly, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Swinburne Institute for Social Research, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 20.

[111]    Ms Daly, Swinburne Institute for Social Research, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 20.

[112]    Mr Michael De Souza, CEO, Australian 3D Manufacturing Association (A3DMA), Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 24.

[113]    Mr De Souza, A3DMA, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 5.

[114]    Mr Nicholas Jenzen-Jones, Director, Armament Research Services (ARES), Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 5.

[115]    Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 6.

[116]    Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 7.

[117]    Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 6.

[118]    Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 6.

[119]    Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 6.

[120]    Mr De Souza, A3DMA, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 22.

[121]    Australian Crime Commission (ACC), Submission 75, p. 6.

[122]    Mr Howard Brown OAM, Vice-President, Victims of Crime Assistance League, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, pp 11–12.

[123]    Detective Superintendent Peter De Santo APM, Commander, State Anti-Gangs Division, Victoria Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 58.

[124]    Victoria Police, Submission 389, p. 3.

[125]    United Nations General Assembly, Report of the Secretary General: Recent developments in small arms and light weapons manufacturing, technology and design and implications for the implementation of the International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons, 6 May 2014, p. 5.

[126]    ACC, Submission 75, p. 6.

[127]    Assistant Commissioner Julian Slater, National Manager, Forensics, Australian Federal Police (AFP), Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 74.

[128]    Queensland Police, Answer to written questions on notice, received 25 February 2015.

[129]    Queensland Police, Answer to written questions on notice, received 25 February 2015.

[130]    Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 6.

[131]    Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 6.

[132]    Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 70.

[133]    Ms Daly, Swinburne Institute for Social Research, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 17.

[134]    Dr Terry Goldsworthy, Assistant Professor, Criminology, Faculty of Society and Design, Bond University, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, pp 17–18.

[135]    ACC, Submission 75, p. 6.

[136]    Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 5.

[137]    Ms Catherine Smith, Assistant Secretary, Crime Prevention and Federal Offenders Branch, Attorney-General's Department, (AGD) Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 59.

[138]    Law Institute of Victoria (LIV), Submission 124, p. 11.

[139]    LIV, Submission 124, p. 7.

[140]    LIV, Submission 124, p. 11.

[141]    Mr De Souza, A3DMA, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 24.

[142]    Mr Jenzen-Jones, ARES, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 5.

[143]    Mr Brown OAM, Victims of Crime Assistance League, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 14.

[144]    Mr Albert Yu, Co-chair, Young Lawyers Section, Law Reform Committee, LIV, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 15.

[145]    Dr Goldsworthy, Bond University, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 18.

[146]    Ms Daly, Swinburne Institute for Social Research, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 17.

[147]    Ms Daly, Submission 393, pp 4-5.

[148]    LIV, Submission 124, pp 8-9.

[149]    Dr Goldsworthy, Bond University, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 19.

[150]    Mr De Souza, A3DMA, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 22.

[151]    Media Release, Senator Penny Wright, Abbott's mandatory sentencing plan won't fix gun crime, 4 July 2014 at http://penny-wright.greensmps.org.au (accessed 9 April 2015).

[152]    Media Release, Senator Penny Wright, Mandatory minimums wrong way to address gun crime, 15 March 2015 at http://penny-wright.greensmps.org.au (accessed 9 April 2015).

[153]    Mr Geoffrey Jones, Sporting Shooters' Association of Australia, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 10.

[154]    Mr Paul Jevtovic, Australian Crime Commission, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 34.

[155]    Media Release, The Hon. Jason Clare MP, Final Report of the National Investigation into the Illegal Firearms Market, 29 June 2012.

[156]    National Firearm Dealers Association Inc., Submission 85, p. 6.

[157]    Media Release, The Hon. Jason Clare MP, Final Report of the National Investigation into the Illegal Firearms Market, 29 June 2012.

[158]    Mr Luca Scribani, President, National Firearm Dealers Association Inc., Committee Hansard, Tuesday 14 October 2014, p. 28.

[159]    Australian Institute of Criminology, Submission 76, p.  9.

[160]    Mr Geoffrey Jones, Sporting Shooter's Association, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 13.

[161]    Sporting Shooter's Association, Submission 58, p. 4.

[162]    Australian Institute of Criminology, Submission 76, p. 10.

[163]    Mr Gary Bryant, General Manager, Firearm Safely and Training Council, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 5.

[164]    Dr John Lott, Crime Prevention Resource Centre, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 3.

[165]    Australian Crime Commission, Submission 75, p. 4.

[166]    Det. Chief Supt Ken Finch, Organised Crime Directorate NSW Police, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 45.

[167]    Ms Catherine Smith, Attorney General's Department, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 52.

[168]    Willow Bryant & Tracy Cussen, Homicide in Australia: 2010–11 to 2011–12: National Homicide Monitoring Program report, Australian Institute of Criminology, Monitoring Report 23, p. vi.

[169]    Attorney-General's Department, Submission 42, p. 5.

[170]    Mr Graham Park, Shooters Union of Australia, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 10.

[171]    Attorney-General's Department, Submission 42, p. 5.

[172]    The Auditor-General, Audit Report No.42 2013–14: Performance Audit, Screening of International Mail by the Department of Agriculture and Australian Customs and Border Protection Service, pp 17-18.

[173]    Mrs Karen Harfield, Australian Customs and Border Protection Service, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 61.

[174]    Justice Cluster, NSW Government, Submission 391, p. 1.

[175]    Sporting Shooter's Association Australia, Submission 58, p. 8.

[176]    Victoria Police, Submission 389, p. 4.

[177]    Sporting Shooter's Association Australia, Response to Question on Notice.

[178]    Sporting Shooter's Association Australia, Response to Question on Notice.

[179]    Sporting Shooter's Association Australia, Response to Question on Notice.

[180]    Department of Environment and Primary Industries, Estimating the economic impact of hunting in Victoria in 2013.

[181]    Field and Game Australia Inc., Submission 81, p. 7.

[182]    Mrs Catherine Fettell, Shooting Australia, Committee Hansard, 31 October 2014, p. 14.

[183]    Ms Sarah McKinnon, National Farmers' Federation, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 16.

[184]    The Hon. David Hawker, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 55.

[185]    Mr Gary Bryant, General Manager, Firearm Safely and Training Council, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2014, p. 6.

[186]    The Hon. David Hawker, Committee Hansard, 14 October 2014, p. 60.

[187]    Library of Congress, Firearms-Control Legislation and Policy: New Zealand, at http://www.loc.gov/law/help/firearms-control/newzealand.php (accessed 9 April 2015).

[188]    Inspector Joe Green, Arms Control Strategies, Debunking the Myths, New Zealand Police, 2008.

[189]    Library of Congress, Firearms-Control Legislation and Policy: Canada, at http://www.loc.gov/law/help/firearms-control/canada.php (accessed 9 April 2015).

[190]    Library of Congress, Firearms-Control Legislation and Policy: Great Britain, at http://www.loc.gov/law/help/firearms-control/greatbritain.php (accessed 9 April 2015).

[191]    Greenwood, J., The British Handgun Ban: logic, Politics and Effect, Paper to International Firearms safety Seminar, New Zealand, 2006.

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