Footnotes

Footnotes

Chapter 1 - Introduction

[1]        The committee notes that the Northern Territory Emergency Response is now being referred to as Closing the Gap in the Northern Territory.

[2]        House of Representatives Standing Committee on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs, Open for Business: Developing Indigenous enterprises in Australia, October 2008, pp. xv-xviii.

[3]        House of Representatives Standing Committee on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs, Terms of Reference, http://www.aph.gov.au/house/committee/atsia/communitystores/index.htm

Chapter 2 - Commonwealth Policy on Indigenous Affairs

[1]        National Rural Health Alliance Inc, Submission 8; Reconciliation Australia, Submission 29, attachment 3; Central Land Council, Submission 92; Professor Jon Altman, Committee Hansard, 17 November 2008.

[2]        The Hon Kevin Rudd, MP, Prime Minister, House of Representatives Hansard,
13 February 2008, p. 3.

[3]        The Hon Kevin Rudd, MP, Prime Minister, House of Representatives Hansard,
26 February 2009, p. 3.

[4]        Council of Australian Governments, Communiqué – 2 October 2008, http://www.coag.gov.au/coag_meeting_outcomes/2008-10-02/index.cfm
(accessed 4 June 2009).

[5]        The Hon Kevin Rudd, MP, Prime Minister, House of Representatives Hansard, 26 February 2009, pp. 3-4.

[6]        Council of Australian Governments, Intergovernmental Agreement on Federal Financial Relations, December 2008, p. 5, http://www.coag.gov.au/intergov_agreements/federal_financial_relations/index.cfm (accessed 27 May 2009).

[7]        Council of Australian Governments, National Indigenous Reform Agreement, November 2008, p. 3, http://www.coag.gov.au/intergov_agreements/federal_financial_relations/index.cfm
(accessed 29 May 2009).

[8]        Council of Australian Governments, National Indigenous Reform Agreement, November 2008, p. 4, http://www.coag.gov.au/intergov_agreements/federal_financial_relations/index.cfm
(accessed 29 May 2009).

[9]        John Gardiner-Garden, Coral Dow and Michael Klapdor, Budget 2009-10: Indigenous Affairs, research paper, Australian Parliamentary Library, May 2009, p. 168, http://www.aph.gov.au/Library/pubs/RP/2008-09/09rp33.pdf (accessed 1 June 2009).

[10]      Council of Australian Governments, National Indigenous Reform Agreement, November 2008, http://www.coag.gov.au/intergov_agreements/federal_financial_relations/index.cfm
(accessed 29 May 2009).

[11]      Council of Australian Governments, National Partnership Agreement on Remote Service Delivery, November 2008, http://www.coag.gov.au/intergov_agreements/federal_financial_relations/docs/national_partnership/national_partnership_on_remote_service_delivery_with_amended_schedule.pdf (accessed 14 May 2009).

[12]      The Hon Jenny Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Budget Statement – Appendix B, 12 May 2009, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/about/publicationsarticles/corp/budgetpaes/budget09_10/indigenous/documents/closingthegap/appendix_b.htm (accessed 2 June 2009).

[13]      The committee has been advised by FaHCSIA that Coen and Mossman Gorge will also be included in the priority locations.

[14]      Commonwealth government, Budget 2009 – 10, May 2009, http://www.aph.gov.au/Budget/2009-10/content/ministerial_statements/indigenous/html/ms_indigenous-03.htm (accessed 5 June 2009).

[15]      Australian Bureau of Statistics, Housing and Infrastructure in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Communities, Australia, 2006 (cat. 4710.0).

[16]      Council of Australian Governments, Communiqué – 3 July 2008, http://www.coag.gov.au/coag_meeting_outcomes/2008-07-03/index.cfm
(accessed 26 May 2009).

[17]      Council of Australian Governments, National Partnership Agreement on Indigenous Early Childhood Development, November 2008, p. 7, http://www.coag.gov.au/coag_meeting_outcomes/20081002/docs/indigenous_early_childhood_NPA.pdf (accessed 2 June 2009).

[18]      Council of Australian Governments, Protecting Children is Everyone's Business: National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children 2009-2020, April 2009,  p. 5, http://www.coag.gov.au/coag_meeting_outcomes/2009-0430/docs/child_protection_framework.pdf (accessed 9 June 2009).

[19]      Council of Australian Governments, Protecting Children is Everyone's Business: National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children 2009-2020, April 2009, p. 36, http://www.coag.gov.au/coag_meeting_outcomes/2009-0430/docs/child_protection_framework.pdf (accessed 9 June 2009).

[20]      Council of Australian Governments, Attachment A to meeting of 28 November 2008, http://www.coag.gov.au/coag_meeting_outcomes/2008-11-29/attachments.cfm  
(accessed 2 June 2009).

[21]      Council of Australian Governments, Attachment A to meeting of 28 November 2008, http://www.coag.gov.au/coag_meeting_outcomes/2008-11-29/attachments.cfm  
(accessed 2 June 2009).

[22]      Council of Australian Governments, Communiqué – 29 November 2008, p. 33, http://www.coag.gov.au/coag_meeting_outcomes/2008-11-29/docs/communique
_20081129.pdf
(accessed 2 June 2009).

[23]      The Hon Jenny Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Remote Indigenous housing investment, Press release, 23 March 2009, http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/internet/jennymacklin.nsf/content/remote_indigenous_housing_23mar2009.htm (accessed 2 June 2009).

[24]      Council of Australian Governments, Communiqué – 29 November 2008, p. 32, http://www.coag.gov.au/coag_meeting_outcomes/2008-1129/docs/communique_2008
1129.pdf
(accessed 2 June 2009).

[25]      Commonwealth government, Budget Paper No. 2, 12 May 2009, p. 254.

[26]      The Hon Jenny Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Office of Coordinator-General for Remote Indigenous Services, Press release, 27 May 2009, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/internet/jennymacklin.nsf/content/jr_m_indigenous_coord_gen_27may09.htm (accessed 2 June 2009).

[27]      The Hon Jenny Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Office of Coordinator-General for Remote Indigenous Services, Press release, 27 May 2009, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/internet/jennymacklin.nsf/content/jr_m_indigenous_coord_gen_27may09.htm (accessed 2 June 2009).

[28]      The Hon Jenny Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Appointment of Coordinator-General for Remote Indigenous Services, Media Release, 18 June 2009. Available at: http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/internet/jennymacklin.nsf/content/coord_general_18june2009.htm (accessed 19 June 2009).

[29]      Senator Judith Adams, Committee Hansard, 9 June 2009, p. 57. 

[30]      FaHCSIA, answer to question on notice, 9 June 2009 (received 22 June 2009).

[31]      FaHCSIA, answer to question on notice, 9 June 2009 (received 22 June 2009).

[32]      Mr Kenneth Davies, Department of the Chief Minister, Northern Territory Government, Committee Hansard, 22 May 2009, p. 65. 

[33]      Council of Australian Governments, National Indigenous Reform Agreement, p. 4, http://www.coag.gov.au/intergov_agreements/federal_financial_relations/docs/IGA_FFR_ScheduleF_National_Indigenous_Reform_Agreement.rtf (accessed 12 June 2009).

[34]      Council of Australian Governments, National Indigenous Reform Agreement, p. 12, http://www.coag.gov.au/intergov_agreements/federal_financial_relations/docs/IGA_FFR_ScheduleF_National_Indigenous_Reform_Agreement.rtf (accessed 12 June 2009).

[35]      The Hon Jenny Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Closing the Gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, Budget statement, 12 May 2009, pp 7-8,  http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/about/publicationsarticles/corp/BudgetPAES/budget09_10/indigenous/Documents/ClosingTheGap/closingthegap.pdf (accessed 2 June 2009).

[36]      Commonwealth government, Budget Paper No. 2, 12 May 2009, p. 210.

[37]      Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision, Productivity Commission, Report on Government Services 2009, January 2009, p. 5.

[38]      Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision, Productivity Commission, Report on Government Services 2009, January 2009, p. 3.

[39]      John Gardiner-Garden, Coral Dow and Michael Klapdor, Budget 2009-10: Indigenous Affairs, Research paper, Australian Parliamentary Library, May 2009, p.162 http://www.aph.gov.au/Library/pubs/RP/2008-09/09rp33.pdf (accessed 1 June 2009).

[40]      John Gardiner-Garden, Coral Dow and Michael Klapdor, Budget 2009-10: Indigenous Affairs, Research paper, Australian Parliamentary Library, May 2009, p.162. http://www.aph.gov.au/Library/pubs/RP/2008-09/09rp33.pdf (accessed 1 June 2009).

[41]      Commonwealth government, Budget Paper No. 2, 12 May 2009, p. 211.

[42]      Commonwealth government, Budget Paper No. 2, 12 May 2009, pp. 211-212.

[43]      The Hon Jenny Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Closing the Gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, Budget statement, 12 May 2009, p. 12, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/about/publicationsarticles/corp/BudgetPAES/budget09_10/indigenous/Documents/ClosingTheGap/closingthegap.pdf (accessed 24 June 2009).

[44]      Commonwealth Government, Budget Paper No. 2, 12 May 2009, p. 241.

[45]      Dental Health Services Victoria, Submission 47, p. 1.

[46]      Commonwealth government, Budget Paper No. 2, 12 May 2009, p. 251.

[47]      The Hon Jenny Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Towards a sustainable development phase: Discussion paper on Future Directions for the NTER, Press release, 21 May 2009, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/internet/jennymacklin.nsf/content/future_directions_nter_21may09.htm (accessed 25 June 2009).

[48]      The Commonwealth government's intention to reinstate the Racial Discrimination Act 1976 is discussed further in chapter 4.

[49]      The Hon Jenny Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Closing the Gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, Budget statement, 12 May 2009, p. 32, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/about/publicationsarticles/corp/BudgetPAES/budget09_10/indigenous/Documents/ClosingTheGap/closingthegap.pdf (accessed 7 June 2009).

[50]      John Gardiner-Garden, Coral Dow and Michael Klapdor, Budget 2009-10: Indigenous Affairs, Research paper, Australian Parliamentary Library, May 2009, pp. 164-165. http://www.aph.gov.au/Library/pubs/RP/2008-09/09rp33.pdf (accessed 1 June 2009).

[51]      John Gardiner-Garden, Coral Dow and Michael Klapdor, Budget 2009-10: Indigenous Affairs, Research paper, Australian Parliamentary Library, May 2009, p. 165. http://www.aph.gov.au/Library/pubs/RP/2008-09/09rp33.pdf (accessed 7 June 2009).

[52]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/progserv/engagement/HealingFoundationDevelopmentTeam/Pages/default.aspx (accessed 4 June 2009).

[53]      Tom Calma, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner, Final stage in consultations for a new national Indigenous representative body, Press release, 14 May 2009, http://www.hreoc.gov.au/about/media/media_releases/2009/36_09.html
(accessed 10 June 2009).

[54]      The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Thursday September 13 2007, by a majority of 144 states in favour, 4 votes against (Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States). There were 11 abstentions, http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/en/declaration.html (accessed 2 June 2009).

Chapter 3 - Overview of data on Indigenous wellbeing

[1]        Australian Bureau of Statistics, Submission 53, p. [1].

[2]        Senate Select Committee on Regional and Remote Indigenous Communities, First report 2008, September 2008, p. 3.

[3]        Australian Association of Social Workers, Submission 4; National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Ecumenical Commission, Submission 40; Australian Bureau of Statistics, Submission 53; Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Submission 69.

[4]        Australian Bureau of Statistics, Submission 53, p. [1].

[5]        National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction, Submission 44, p. 5.

[6]        The Hon. Jenny Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Closing the Gap - Building an Indigenous Future, Speech to the National Press Club, Canberra, 27 February 2008, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/internet/jennymacklin.nsf/content/closing_the_gap_27feb08.htm  (accessed 9 June 2009).

[7]        Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Submission 69, p. 5.

[8]        Australian Bureau of Statistics, Submission 53, p. [8].

[9]        Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Committee Hansard, 9 June 2009, p. 13.

[10]      Australian Bureau of Statistics, Committee Hansard, 9 June 2009, p. 46.

[11]      The Hon. Jenny Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Launch of the AIHW/ABS Report: The Health and Welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, 2008, Speech, 28 April 2008, http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/internet/jennymacklin.nsf/content/health_welfare_29apr08.htm (accessed 9 June 2009).

[12]      Robert Fitzgerald AM, Commissioner, Productivity Commission, Measuring outcomes for Indigenous Australia, ABS NatStats conference, 20 November 2008.

[13]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board, Report of the NTER Review Board, October 2008, p. 16.

[14]      Department of Human Services, Submission 70, p. 11.

[15]      Committee Hansard, 9 June 2009, p. 26.

[16]      Department of Health and Ageing, Submission 75, p. 3.

[17]      Mr Ian Crettenden, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Committee Hansard, 9 June 2009, p. 42.

[18]      Australian Bureau of Statistics, Submission 53, p. [1].

[19]      Australian Bureau of Statistics, Submission 53, p. [5].

[20]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board, Report of the NTER Review Board, October 2008, p. 17.

[21]      Australian Bureau of Statistics, Submission 53, p. [1].

[22]      Senate Select Committee on Regional and Remote Indigenous Communities, First report 2008, September 2008, p. 11.

[23]      Mr Paul Lowe, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Committee Hansard, 9 June 2009, p. 44.

[24]      Mr Paul Lowe, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Committee Hansard, 9 June 2009, pp. 44-45.

[25]      Note: The Australian Capital Territory is not included as it has no classified regional or remote areas.

[26]      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Submission 69, p. 2.

[27]      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Submission 69, p. 3.

[28]      Dr Penelope Allbon, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Committee Hansard, 9 June 2009, p. 14.

[29]      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Indigenous housing indicators 2005-06, October 2007, p. 13.

[30]      Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision, Productivity Commission, Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage 2007, June 2007, p. 66.

[31]      See Central Australian Youth Link Up Service, Submission 26, pp. 50-54.

[32]      National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction, Submission 44, p. 6.

[33]      Council of Australian Governments, Intergovernmental Agreement on Federal Financial Relations, National Indigenous Reform Agreement, November 2008, p. 8.

[34]      Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs, National Report: Achievement in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions and Numeracy 2008, September 2008, p. 2.

[35]      Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs, National Report: Achievement in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions and Numeracy 2008, September 2008, p. 203.

[36]      Northern Territory Department of Education and Training, Compulsory teaching in English for the first four hours of each school day, policy document No. 2008/2492, November 2008, http://www.det.nt.gov.au/corporate/policies/curriculum_studies/CompulsoryEnglishFourHoursEachDay.pdf (accessed 18 June 2009).

[37]      Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs, National Report: Achievement in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions and Numeracy 2008, September 2008, p. 153.

[38]      Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs, National Report on Schooling in Australia 2007, Appendix 1: Statistical annex, p. 47, http://cms.curriculum.edu.au/anr2007/ (accessed 1 June 2009).

[39]      Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs, National Report on Schooling in Australia 2007, p. 46.

[40]      Council of Australian Governments, Intergovernmental Agreement on Federal Financial Relations, National Indigenous Reform Agreement, November 2008, pp. 10-11.

[41]      Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs, National Report on Schooling in Australia 2007, p. 46.

[42]      Dr Penelope Allbon, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Committee Hansard, 9 June 2009, p. 12.

[43]      National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction, Submission 44, p. 4.

[44]      National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction, Submission 44, p. 8.

[45]      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Submission 69, p. 7.

[46]      See Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision, Productivity Commission, Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage 2007, June 2007, http://www.pc.gov.au/gsp/reports/indigenous/keyindicators2007/ (accessed 21 June 2009).

[47]      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Juvenile justice in Australia 2006-07, August 2008, p. 32.

[48]      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Juvenile justice in Australia 2006-07, August 2008, p. 36.

[49]      Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision, Productivity Commission, Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage 2007, June 2007, p. 66, http://www.pc.gov.au/gsp/reports/indigenous/keyindicators2007/ (accessed 1 June 2009).

[50]      Australian Institute of Family Studies, Submission 51, p. 8.

[51]      Jennifer Walker, Submission 15; Oxfam Australia, Submission 17; Central Australian Aboriginal Legal Aid Service and the North Australian Aboriginal Justice Agency, Submission 24; Laynhapuy Homelands Association Inc, Submission 28; Mission Australia, Submission 43; Association of Children’s Welfare Agencies, Submission 48; NSW Department of Education and Training, Submission 64; Mungoorbada Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 83 and Committee Hansard, 20 May 2009; Sunrise Health Service Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 85; Dr John Boffa, Central Australian Aboriginal Congress Northern Territory, Committee Hansard, 1 May 2009; Mrs Danelle Batchler, Kalano Community Association Inc, Committee Hansard, 20 May 2009; Assistant Commissioner Grahame Kelly, Northern Territory Police, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2009; Mrs Leanna Haynes, Anglicare NT, Committee Hansard, 22 May 2009; Ms Kandie Allen-Kelly, Australian Association of Social Workers, Committee Hansard, 9 June 2009.

[52]      The Hon. Jenny Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Closing the Gap - Building an Indigenous Future, Speech to the National Press Club, Canberra, 27 February 2008, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/internet/jennymacklin.nsf/content/closing_the_gap_27feb08.htm (accessed 9 June 2009).

Chapter 4

[1]        Senate Select Committee on Regional and Remote Indigenous Communities, First report 2008, September 2008, p .2.

[2]        Report of the Northern Territory Board of Inquiry into the Protection of Aboriginal Children from Sexual Abuse, Ampe Akelyernemane Meke Mekarle "Little Children are Sacred", 2007. http://www.nt.gov.au/dcm/inquirysaac/pdf/bipacsa_final_report.pdf (accessed 8 September 2008).

[3]        Senate Select Committee on Regional and Remote Indigenous Affairs, First report 2008, September 2008,  pp. 15-17.

[4]        See section 4, Families, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs and other Legislation Amendment (Northern Territory National Emergency Response and Other Measures) Act 2007.

[5]        Community Living Areas are a form of freehold title issued to Aboriginal corporations by the Northern Territory Government.

[6]        Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, available at http://www.facsia.gov.au/nter/docs/factsheets/overview/factsheet_nter_communities.htm (accessed 23 September 2008).

[7]        Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 9, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[8]        Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response: One Year On, 20 June 2008, p. 9. http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/Documents/nter_review.pdf (accessed 12 June 2009).

[9]        Correspondence provided to the committee from Mr Michael Zissler, Commander, Northern Territory Emergency Response Operations Centre, 26 May 2009.

[10]      NTER Taskforce, Final Report to Government, June 2008, p. 14, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/final_report_2008/Documents/nter_taskforce_report.pdf (accessed 16 April 2009).

[11]      NTER Taskforce, Final Report to Government, June 2008, p. 22, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/final_report_2008/Documents/nter_taskforce_report.pdf (accessed 16 April 2009).

[12]      NTER Taskforce, Final Report to Government, June 2008, p. 22, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/final_report_2008/Documents/nter_taskforce_report.pdf (accessed 16 April 2009).

[13]      NTER Taskforce, Final Report to Government, June 2008, p. 15, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/final_report_2008/Documents/nter_taskforce_report.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[14]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response: One Year On, 20 June 2008, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/Documents/nter_review.pdf (accessed 12 June 2009).

[15]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 7, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[16]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 10, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[17]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 8, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[18]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 10, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[19]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 10, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[20]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Future Directions for the Northern Territory Emergency Response, 21 May 2009, p. 3 http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/future_directions_discussion_paper/Documents/discussion_paper_6.pdf (accessed 12 June 2009).

[21]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 10, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[22]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 16, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[23]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, NTER Monitoring Report August 2007 – June 2008, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/Documents/monitoring_report/monitoring_report_part1.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[24]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, NTER Monitoring Report July 2008 – December 2008, Available at: http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Pages/default.aspx (accessed 13 June 2009).

[25]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Future Directions for the Northern Territory Emergency Response, 21 May 2009, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/future_directions_discussion_paper/Documents/discussion_paper_6.pdf (accessed 12 June 2009).

[26]      Jenny Walker, Submission 15, Amnesty International Australia, Submission 16; Oxfam Australia, Submission 17, Northern Territory Legal Aid Commission, Submission 22; Wardaman Aboriginal Corporation, Committee Hansard, 20 May 2009, p. 108.

[27]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 5, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[28]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response: One Year On, 20 June 2008, p. 21 http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/Documents/nter_review.pdf (accessed 12 June 2009).

[29]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 36, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[30]      Central Land Council, Submission 92, p. 55.

[31]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 36, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[32]      Associate Professor Dennis McDermott, School of Medicine, Flinders University, Committee Hansard, 4 March 2009, p. 93.

[33]      Sunrise Health Service, Submission 85, p. 34.

[34]      Central Land Council, Submission 92, p. 56.

[35]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 36, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[36]      Lahnhapuy Homelands Association Inc, Submission 28, p. 11.

[37]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 39, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[38]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 6, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 14 June 2009).

[39]      Correspondence provided to the committee from Mr Michael Zissler, Commander Northern Territory Emergency Response Operations Centre, 26 May 2009.

[40]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 8, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 14 June 2009).

[41]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 10, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 14 June 2009

[42]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 6, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[43]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 37, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[44]      Dr Lyn Fasoli, Associate Professor, Research Division, Batchelor Institute of Indigenous Tertiary Education, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2009, p. 87.

[45]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 11, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[46]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response: One Year On, 20 June 2008, p. 21 http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/Documents/nter_review.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[47]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 38, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[48]      Committee Hansard, 9 June 2009, p. 58.

[49]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 12, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[50]      National Centre for Training and Education on Addiction, Submission 44, p. 6.

[51]      Central Australian Aboriginal Legal Aid Service and the North Australian Aboriginal Justice Agency, Submission 24, p. 8.

[52]      DoHA, answers to questions on notice 9 June 2009 (received 17 June 2009).

[53]      Ms Lesley Podesta, DoHA, Committee Hansard, 9 June 2009, p. 66.

[54]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 7, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[55]      Aspen Medical, Aspen Medical awarded Remote Area Health Corps contract, Press Release, 28 October 2008, http://www.aspenmedical.com.au/Assets/Files/4a45db2b-f921-4158-b808-cb8034e86a5c.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[56]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 15, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[57]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 15, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[58]      Correspondence provided to the committee from Mr Michael Zissler, Commander, Northern Territory Emergency Response Operations Centre.

[59]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 19, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[60]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 32, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[61]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 20, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[62]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 20, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[63]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 21, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[64]      National Rural Health Alliance Inc, Submission 8, p. 7.

[65]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p.22, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[66]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 18, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[67]      FaHCSIA, answers to questions on notice 9 June 2009 (received 22 June 2009).

[68]      FaHCSIA, answers to questions on notice 9 June 2009 (received 22 June 2009).

[69]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 33, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[70]      Ms Dale Wakefield, Alice Springs Women's Shelter, Committee Hansard, p. 47.

[71]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p.18, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[72]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 33, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[73]      Ms Dale Wakefield, Alice Springs Women's Shelter, Committee Hansard, pp. 47-48.

[74]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 35, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[75]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 19, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[76]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 35, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[77]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 34, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[78]      CAYLUS, Submission 26, Attachment 2 CAYLUS Costing Of Youth Program Needs in Central Australia.

[79]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 23, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[80]      Mission Australia, Submission 43, p. 8.

[81]      Mr Blair McFarland, Central Australian Youth Link Up Service, Committee Hansard, 1 May 2009, p. 3.

[82]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 29, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[83]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 29, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[84]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Improving School Enrolment and Attendance through Welfare Reform Measure (SEAM), http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/families/progserv/welfarereform/Pages/ImprovingSchoolEnrolmentAttendance.aspx (accessed 15 June 2009).

[85]      Committee meeting notes, Ntaria, 30 April 2009.

[86]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 30, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[87]      Northern Territory government, additional information provided at hearing, 22 May 2009.

[88]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 111, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[89]      Ms Haidee McKittrick, Rivers Region Youth Development Service, Committee Hansard, 20 May 2009, p.73.

[90]      CAYLUS, Submission 26, p. 8.

[91]      Northern Territory government, additional information provided at hearing, 22 May 2009.

[92]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 17, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[93]      Correspondence provided to the committee from Mr Michael Zissler, Commander, Northern Territory Emergency Response Operations Centre, 26 May 2009.

[94]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 30, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[95]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 16, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[96]      Mr Gregory Arnott, Victoria Daly Shire Council, Committee Hansard, 20 May 2009, p. 9,

[97]      Ms Irene Fisher, Committee Hansard, 20 May 2009, p. 38.

[98]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 24, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[99]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 26, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[100]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 26, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[101]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 25, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[102]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 26, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[103]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 29, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[104]    Ms Susan Cox QC, Northern Territory Legal Aid Commission, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2009, p. 29.

[105]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 29, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[106]    Ms Chrissie Nichols, Committee Hansard, 9 June 2009, p. 6.

[107]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 24, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[108]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 12, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[109]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 34, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[110]    Roper Gulf Shire Council, Submission 86, p. 1.

[111]    Mr Barry Robinson, Submission 89, p. 1.

[112]    Mr Barry Robinson, Barunga Community, Committee Hansard, 20 May 2009, p. 44.

[113]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 27, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[114]    CAYLUS, Submission 26, p. 7.

[115]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 25, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[116]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 25, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[117]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 27, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[118]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 30, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[119]    FaHCSIA, answers to questions on notice 9 June 2009 (received 22 June 2009).

[120]    Mr Gregory Arnott, Victoria Daly Shire, Committee Hansard, 20 May 2009, p. 9.

[121]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 27, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[122]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p .35, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[123]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 28, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[124]    Northern Territory Legal Aid Commission, Submission 22, p.4; Ms Susan Cox QC, Northern Territory Legal Aid Commission, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2009, p. 29.

[125]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 35, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[126]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, pp. 30-31, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[127]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 113, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[128]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 39, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[129]    The Hon Jenny Macklin, MP, Minster for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, committee correspondence 12 May 2009 (received 24 June 2009).

[130]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 113, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[131]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 40, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[132]    Laynhapuy Homelands Association Inc, Submission 28, p. 10.

[133]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 42, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[134]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 42, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[135]    Mr William South, Mungoorbada Aboriginal Corporation, Committee Hansard, 20 May 2009, p. 64.

[136]    Ms Lesley Podesta, Department of Health and Ageing, Committee Hansard, 9 June 2009,
 p. 70.

[137]    Australian Government and Northern Territory Government Response to the Report of the NTER Review Board, May 2008, p. 4, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/response_to_reportNTER/Documents/Aust_response_1882953_1.pdf (accessed 23 June 2009).

[138]    FaHCSIA, New Remote Housing System - NT, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/progserv/housing/pages/newremote_housing_system.aspx (accessed 23 June 2009).

[139]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 38, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[140]    Note: the SIHIP program is not the only housing program which provides funds for housing in Indigenous communities there are also other funds available delivered through other Commonwealth and state and territory housing programs.  

[141]    The Hon Jenny Macklin, MP, Minster for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, committee correspondence 12 May 2009 (received 24 June 2009).

[142]    The Hon Jenny Macklin, MP, Minster for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, committee correspondence 12 May 2009 (received 24 June 2009).

[143]    Mungoorbada Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 83, p.  1.

[144]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 38, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[145]    See Paul Toohey, Macklin lays down law on town camp seizures, The Australian, 25 May 2009 http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,25532508-5006790,00.html (accessed 12 June 2009); The Hon Jenny Macklin MP, Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Tangentyere Council, Alice Springs town camps, Central Land Council, Transcript of Interview, 11 June 2009 http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/internet/jennymacklin.nsf/content/jm_t_tangentyere_council_11june09.doc.htm (accessed 12 June 2009).

[146]    Alison Vivian and Larissa Behrendt, Is Macklin ignoring her own legal advice on town camps acquisition? Crikey, 16 June 2009, http://www.crikey.com.au/2009/06/16/is-macklin-ignoring-her-own-legal-advice-on-town-camps-acquisition/ (accessed 23 June 2009).

[147]    Committee meeting notes, Ntaria 30 April 2009.

[148]    See also, The National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Ecumenical Commission, Negotiation not Coercion needed in the Northern Territory, Press release, 15 June 2009.

[149]    School of Medicine, Flinders University, Submission 45, p. 5.

[150]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 20, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[151]    Centrelink, BasicsCard, http://www.centrelink.gov.au/internet/internet.nsf/filestores/co514_0807/$file/co514_0807en.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[152]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 21, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[153]    Councillor Tony Jack, Mayor, Roper Gulf Shire Council, Committee Hansard, 20 May 2009,
p. 49.

[154]    Central Land Council, Submission 92, p. 19.

[155]    Central Land Council, Submission 92, pp. 19 – 20.

[156]    Central Land Council, Submission 92, p. 20.

[157]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 21, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[158]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 23, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[159]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Future Directions for the Northern Territory Emergency Response, 21 May 2009, pp. 11-12 http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/future_directions_discussion_paper/Documents/discussion_paper_6.pdf (accessed 12 June 2009).

[160]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p .45, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[161]    Correspondence provided to the committee from Mr Michael Zissler, Commander, Northern Territory Emergency Response Operations Centre, 26 May 2009.

[162]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 21, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[163]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 23, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[164]    FaHCSIA, answers to questions on notice 9 June 2009 (received 22 June 2009).

[165]    FaHCSIA, answers to questions on notice 9 June 2009 (received 22 June 2009).

[166]    FaHCSIA, answers to questions on notice 9 June 2009 (received 22 June 2009).

[167]    Committee Hansard, 9 June 2009, p. 53.

[168]    FaHCSIA, answers to questions on notice, 9 June 2009 (received 22 June 2009).

[169]    Ms Michelle Wilson, FaHCSIA, Committee Hansard, 9 June 2009, p. 59.

[170]    DoHA, answers to questions on notice, 9 June 2009 (received 17 June 2009).

[171]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, NTER Monitoring Report July 2008 – December 2008, Part Two p. 55, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Pages/default.aspx (accessed 13 June 2009).

[172]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 21, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[173]    Australian Government and Northern Territory Government Response to the Report of the NTER Review Board, May 2008, p. 4, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/response_to_reportNTER/Documents/Aust_response_1882953_1.pdf (accessed 23 June 2009).

[174]    Committee meeting notes, Central Australia, 29 April 2009.

[175]    Mr Ric Norton, Laynhapuy Homelands Association Inc, Committee Hansard, 21 May p. 42.

[176]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 49, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[177]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 51, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[178]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 12, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[179]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 23, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[180]    Northern Territory Emergency Response Review Board Report, 30 September 2008, p. 44, http://www.nterreview.gov.au/docs/report_nter_review/docs/Report_NTER_Review_October08.pdf (accessed 13 June 2009).

[181]    Laynhapuy Homelands Association Inc, Submission 28, p. 10.

[182]    Committee meeting notes, Central Australia, 29 April 2009.

[183]    ANAO Audit Report No.10 2007–08, Whole of Government Indigenous Service Delivery Arrangements, p. 25.

[184]    Mr Blair McFarland, CAYLUS, Committee Hansard, 1 May 2009,  pp. 10-11.

[185]    Correspondence provided to the committee from Mr Michael Zissler, Commander Northern Territory Emergency Response Operations Centre, 26 May 2009.

[186]    Correspondence provided to the committee from Mr Michael Zissler, Commander, Northern Territory Emergency Response Operations Centre, 26 May 2009.

[187]    Correspondence provided to the committee from Mr Michael Zissler, Commander, Northern Territory Emergency Response Operations Centre.

[188]    Australian Government and Northern Territory Government Response to the Report of the NTER Review Board, May 2008, p. 4, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/response_to_reportNTER/Documents/Aust_response_1882953_1.pdf (accessed 23 June 2009).

[189]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, p. 58, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[190]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Northern Territory Emergency Response Monitoring Report, Part Two, June 2009, pp. 63-64, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/mon_report/Documents/NTER_Mon_Rep_Part%202.pdf (accessed 15 June 2009).

[191]    Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Future Directions for the Northern Territory Emergency Response, 21 May 2009, p. 5, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/future_directions_discussion_paper/Documents/discussion_paper_6.pdf (accessed 12 June 2009).

[192]    Ms Jo Gaha, Committee Hansard, 9 June 2009, p. 22.

[193]    Committee meeting notes, Central Australia, 29 April 2009.

Chapter 5 - Effectiveness of South Australian and Northern Territory government policies

[1]        See The Hon Jay Weatherill MP, South Australian Minister for Aboriginal Affairs and Reconciliation, Submission 27; NSW Department of Education and Training, Submission 64; Department of Corrective Services, New South Wales, Submission 68; Western Australian Department of the Attorney General, Submission 71; Commissioner for Children and Young People Western Australia, Submission 76; and Department of Indigenous Affairs, Government of Western Australia, Submission 90.

[2]        Senate Select Committee on Regional and Remote Indigenous Communities, First report 2008, September 2008, pp. 27-28; 29-30; 40-41 and 51-52.

[3]        South Australian government, Progress on the Lands: Update on the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (APY) Lands, October 2008, p. 3.

[4]        The Hon Jenny Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Remote Indigenous housing investment, Press release, 23 March 2009, http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/internet/jennymacklin.nsf/content/remote_indigenous_housing_23mar2009.htm (accessed 2 June 2009).

[5]        See The Hon Jenny Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Remote Indigenous housing investment, Press release, 23 March 2009; South Australian government, Progress on the Lands: Update on the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (APY) Lands, October 2008, p. 3.

[6]        Department of the Premier & Cabinet, South Australian government, answer to question on notice, 4 March 2009 (received 16 March 2009), p. 6.

[7]        Ms Kim Petersen, Department of Premier and Cabinet, South Australia, Committee Hansard,
4 March 2009, p. 64.

[8]        UnitingCare Wesley Adelaide, Submission 63, p. 4.

[9]        Ms Kim Petersen, Department of Premier and Cabinet, South Australia, Committee Hansard,
4 March 2009, p. 68.

[10]      Ms Nerida Saunders, Department of Premier and Cabinet, South Australia, Committee Hansard, 4 March 2009, p. 68.

[11]      UnitingCare Wesley Adelaide, Submission 63, p. 4.

[12]      Ms Kim Petersen, Department of Premier and Cabinet, South Australia, Committee Hansard,
4 March 2009, p. 64.

[13]      Ms Sue Park, UnitingCare Wesley Adelaide, Committee Hansard, 4 March 2009, p. 2.

[14]      The Hon Jenny Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs and the Hon Jay Weatherill MP, South Australian Minister for Aboriginal Affairs and Reconciliation, APY Lands Substance Misuse Facility officially opened, Press release, 12 August 2008, http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/internet/jennymacklin.nsf/
content/apy_lands_12aug08.htm
(accessed 24 June 2009). 

[15]      Ms Kim Petersen, Department of Premier and Cabinet, South Australia, Committee Hansard,
4 March 2009, p. 39.

[16]      Ms Vicki Gillick, NPY Women's Council, Committee Hansard, 1 May 2009, p. 78.

[17]      Mr Christopher Perry, Aboriginal Drug and Alcohol Council South Australia, Committee Hansard, 4 March 2009, p. 23.

[18]      Joanna Vaughan, 'Only four patients since it opened', Adelaide Advertiser, 22 April 2009, p. 13.

[19]      The Hon Jay Weatherill MP, South Australian Minister for Aboriginal Affairs and Reconciliation, Submission 27, p. 3.

[20]      The Hon Jay Weatherill MP, South Australian Minister for Aboriginal Affairs and Reconciliation, Submission 27, p. 3.

[21]      Mr Scott Wilson, Aboriginal Drug and Alcohol Council South Australia, Committee Hansard, 4 March 2009, pp. 22-23.

[22]      Ms Kim Petersen, Department of Premier and Cabinet, South Australia, Committee Hansard,
4 March 2009, p. 54.

[23]      Hon EP Mullighan QC, Children on Anangu Pitjatjantjara Yunkunyjatjara (APY) Lands Commission of Inquiry – A report into sexual abuse, April 2008, p. 129

[24]      Department of the Premier & Cabinet, South Australian government, answer to question on notice, 4 March 2009 (received 16 March 2009), p. 6.

[25]      Committee Hansard, 4 March 2009, p. 54.

[26]      UnitingCare Wesley Adelaide, Submission 63, p. 9.

[27]      Ms Kim Petersen, Department of Premier and Cabinet, South Australia, Committee Hansard,
4 March 2009, p. 53.

[28]      Mr Jonathan Nicholls, UnitingCare Wesley Adelaide, Committee Hansard, 4 March 2009,
p. 10.

[29]      Ms Nerida Saunders, Department of Premier and Cabinet, South Australia, Committee Hansard, 4 March 2009, p. 57.

[30]      Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (PY) Media Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 66,
Attachment 1, pp. 1-2.

[31]      Urbis Keys Young, Review of the COAG Trial in the APY Lands, March 2006, p. 10, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/evaluation/coag_trial_site_reports/sa_apylands/Pages/default.aspx (accessed 17 June 2009).

[32]      UnitingCare Wesley Adelaide, Submission 63, p. 10; Urbis Keys Young, Review of the COAG Trial in the APY Lands, March 2006, p. 10, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/
evaluation/coag_trial_site_reports/sa_apylands/Pages/default.aspx
(accessed 17 June 2009).

[33]      Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Media Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 66, p. 4.

[34]      Women’s Legal Service South Australia Inc, Committee Hansard, 4 March 2009, p. 77.

[35]      Ms Kim Petersen, Department of Premier and Cabinet, South Australia, Committee Hansard,
4 March 2009, pp. 50-1.

[36]      Department of Premier and Cabinet, Government of South Australia, Progress on the Lands: Update on the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (APY) Lands, October 2008, p. 14.

[37]      Joanna Vaughan, 'Facilities wasted in Lands', Adelaide Advertiser, 30 May 2009, p. 45.

[38]      UnitingCare Wesley Adelaide, Submission 63, p. 11.

[39]      Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Media Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 66, p. 5.

[40]      Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Media Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 66, p. 5.

[41]      Women's Legal Service South Australia, Committee Hansard, 4 March 2009, p. 71.

[42]      Women's Legal Service South Australia, Submission 62, p. 71.

[43]      Women's Legal Service South Australia, Submission 62, pp. 4 and 6.

[44]      Women's Legal Service South Australia, Submission 62, p. 5

[45]      Mr Jonathan Nicholls, UnitingCare Wesley Adelaide, Committee Hansard, 4 March 2009, p. 3.

[46]      Paul Henderson, Northern Territory Chief Minister and Alison Anderson, Northern Territory Minister for Indigenous Policy, A Working Future: Real Towns, Real Jobs, Real Opportunities, Joint press release, 20 May 2009, http://newsroom.nt.gov.au/index.cfm?fuseaction=view
Release&id=5584&d=5
(accessed 13 June 2009).

[47]      Mr Kenneth Davies, Department of the Chief Minister, Northern Territory government, Committee Hansard, 22 May 2009, p. 51.

[48]      Mr Kenneth Davies, Department of the Chief Minister, Northern Territory Government, Committee Hansard, 22 May 2009, pp. 51-2.

[49]      Northern Territory government, A Working Future – Outstations/homelands policy, headline policy statement, May 2009, http://www.workingfuture.nt.gov.au/remote_services.html 

[50]      Northern Territory government, A Working Future – Outstations/homelands policy, headline policy statement, May 2009, http://www.workingfuture.nt.gov.au/remote_services.html 

[51]      Northern Territory government, A Working Future – Outstations/homelands policy, headline policy statement, May 2009, http://www.workingfuture.nt.gov.au/remote_services.html 

[52]      Mr Kenneth Davies, Department of the Chief Minister, Northern Territory Government, Committee Hansard, 22 May 2009, p. 65.

[53]      Senate Select Committee on Regional and Remote Indigenous Communities, Report No. 1 2008, September 2008, Chapter 4, pp.  33-35.

[54]      Memorandum of Understanding between the Commonwealth government and Northern Territory government, Indigenous Housing, Accommodation and Related Services, September 2007, paragraph five.

[55]      Northern Territory government, A Working Future – Outstations/homelands policy, headline policy statement, May 2009, http://www.workingfuture.nt.gov.au/remote_services.html 

[56]      Mr Kenneth Davies, Department of the Chief Minister, Northern Territory Government, Committee Hansard, 22 May 2009, p. 52.

[57]      Mr Greg Marks, Submission 30b, p. 16.

[58]      Northern Territory government, A Working Future – Outstations/homelands policy, headline policy statement, May 2009, http://www.workingfuture.nt.gov.au/remote_services.html 

[59]      Mr Kenneth Davies, Department of the Chief Minister, Northern Territory Government, Committee Hansard, 22 May 2009, p. 66.

[60]      Mr Greg Marks, Submission 30b, p. 16.

[61]      Mr Ric Norton, Laynhapuy Homelands Association Incorporated, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2009, p. 38.

[62]      Ramingining Homelands Resource Centre Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 77, pp. 4-5.

[63]      Mr Ric Norton, Laynhapuy Homelands Association Incorporated, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2009, p. 39.

[64]      Mr Joseph Jeffrey, Acacia Larrakia Community, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2009, p. 108.

[65]      Department of Education and Training, Northern Territory government, answers to questions on notice, 12 May 2009 (received 22 May 2009).

[66]      Central Australian Youth Link Up Service, Submission 26, p. 8.

[67]      Department of Education and Training, Northern Territory government, answers to questions on notice, 12 May 2009 (received 22 May 2009).

[68]      Dr Kevin Gillan, Department of Education and Training, Northern Territory Government, Committee Hansard, 22 May 2009, pp. 53-54.

[69]      Department of Education and Training, Northern Territory government, answers to questions on notice, 12 May 2009 (received 22 May 2009).

[70]      Department of Education and Training, Northern Territory government, answers to questions on notice, 12 May 2009 (received 22 May 2009).

[71]      Rivers Region Youth Development Service, Committee Hansard, 20 May 2009, p. 73.

[72]      Central Australian Youth Link Up Service, Committee Hansard, 1 May 2009, p. 8.

[73]      Department of Education and Training, Northern Territory government, answers to questions on notice, 12 May 2009 (received 22 May 2009).

[74]      Dr Kevin Gillan, Department of Education and Training, Northern Territory Government, Committee Hansard, 22 May 2009, p. 62.

[75]      Laynhapuy Homelands Association Incorporated, Submission 28, p. 18.

[76]      Dr Kevin Gillan, Department of Education and Training, Northern Territory Government, Committee Hansard, 22 May 2009, p. 64.

[77]      Dr Kevin Gillan, Department of Education and Training, Northern Territory Government, Committee Hansard, 22 May 2009, p. 53.

[78]      Senate Standing Committee on Community Affairs, Grasping the opportunity of Opal: Assessing the impact of the Petrol Sniffing Strategy, March 2009, p. 90.

[79]      Senator Rachel Siewert, Committee Hansard, 22 May 2009, p. 54.

[80]      Dr Kevin Gillan, Department of Education and Training, Northern Territory Government, Committee Hansard, 22 May 2009, p. 58.

[81]      Mr William Daw, Rivers Region Youth Development Services and Alderman, Katherine Town Council, Committee Hansard, 20 May 2009, p. 74.

[82]      Laynhapuy Homelands Association Incorporated, Submission 28, p. 15.

[83]      Mr Ric Norton, Laynhapuy Homelands Association Incorporated, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2009, p. 45.

[84]      Mr Blair McFarland, CAYLUS, Committee Hansard, 1 May 2009, p. 13.

[85]      Ms Haidee McKittrick, Rivers Region Youth Development Service, Committee Hansard,
20 May 2009, p. 72.

[86]      Dr Kevin Gillan, Department of Education and Training, Northern Territory Government, Committee Hansard, 22 May 2009, p. 54.

[87]      Mr Gregory Arnott, Victoria Daly Shire, Committee Hansard, 20 May 2009, p.7. 

[88]      Mr Patrick Anderson, Batchelor Institute of Indigenous Tertiary Education, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2009, p. 93.

[89]      Professor Peter Stephenson, Batchelor Institute of Indigenous Tertiary Education, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2009, p. 92.

[90]      Professor Peter Stephenson, Batchelor Institute of Indigenous Tertiary Education, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2009, p. 92.

[91]      Mr Michael Zissler, NTER Operations Centre, Committee Hansard, 22 May 2009, pp. 47-48.

[92]      Northern Territory Emergency Response Taskforce, Final Report to Government, June 2008,
p. 20, http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/nter_reports/final_report_2008/Documents/nter_taskforce_report.pdf (accessed 9 June 2009).

[93]      Ms Helen Wodak, North Australian Aboriginal Justice Agency, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2009, p. 13.

[94]      Central Australian Aboriginal Legal Aid Service and the North Australian Aboriginal Justice Agency, Submission 24a, p. 4.

[95]      Central Australian Aboriginal Legal Aid Service and the North Australian Aboriginal Justice Agency, Submission 24a, p. 3.

[96]      Central Australian Aboriginal Legal Aid Service and the North Australian Aboriginal Justice Agency, Submission 24a, p. 4.

[97]      Central Australian Aboriginal Legal Aid Service and the North Australian Aboriginal Justice, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2009,  pp. 13 & 16.

[98]      Department of the Chief Minister, Northern Territory government, Closing the Gap of Indigenous Disadvantage: Progress Report 2007-08, 2009, pp. 8 and 10, http://www.workingfuture.nt.gov.au/download/CTG_report.pdf  (accessed 13 June 2009).

[99]      Ms Helen Wodak, North Australian Aboriginal Justice Agency, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2009, p. 13.

[100]    Mr Mark O’Reilly, Central Australian Aboriginal Legal Aid Service, Committee Hansard,
21 May 2009, p. 14.

[101]    Assistant Commissioner Grahame Kelly, Northern Territory Police, Committee Hansard,
21 May 2009, p .76.

[102]    Ms Susan Cox QC, Northern Territory Legal Aid Commission, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2009, p. 31.

[103]    Central Australian Aboriginal Legal Aid Service and the North Australian Aboriginal Justice Agency, Submission 24, p. 21.

[104]    Central Australian Aboriginal Legal Aid Service and the North Australian Aboriginal Justice Agency, Submission 24a, p. 9.

[105]    Northern Territory Legal Aid Commission, Committee Hansard, 21 May 2009, p. 29.

[106]    Ms Dale Wakefield, Alice Springs Women's Shelter, Committee Hansard, 1 May 2009, p. 46.

[107]    Ms Dale Wakefield, Alice Springs Women's Shelter, Committee Hansard, 1 May 2009, p. 46.

[108]    Ms Dale Wakefield, Alice Springs Women's Shelter, Committee Hansard, 1 May 2009, p. 50.

[109]    NPY Women's Council, Committee Hansard, 1 May 2009, p. 76.

[110]    Central Australian Aboriginal Family Legal Unit, Submission 81, p. [2].

[111]    Ms Dale Wakefield, Alice Springs Women's Shelter, Committee Hansard, 1 May 2009, p. 52.

[112]    The Hon. Kevin Rudd, Prime Minister and Hon. Nicola Roxon, Minister for Health, $1.6 billion COAG investment in Closing the Gap, Joint press release, 30 November 2008, http://www.health.gov.au/internet/ministers/publishing.nsf/Content/mr-yr08-nr-nr164.htm (accessed 15 June 2009).

[113]    Dr John Boffa, Central Australian Aboriginal Congress Northern Territory, Committee Hansard, 1 May 2009, p. 33.

[114]    Dr John Boffa, Central Australian Aboriginal Congress Northern Territory, Committee Hansard, 1 May 2009, pp. 33-34.

[115]    Dr John Boffa, Central Australian Aboriginal Congress Northern Territory, Committee Hansard, 1 May 2009, pp. 36.

[116]    Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health labour force statistics and data quality assessment, Catalogue no. IHW 27, April 2009, pp. 45-46.