Footnotes

Chapter 1 - Introduction

[1]        Journals of the Senate No. 33—22 March 2017, p. 1131.

[2]        Journals of the Senate No. 60—11 September 2017, p. 1932. See also: Journals of the Senate, No. 68—13 November 2017, p. 2190; Journals of the Senate, No. 76—4 December 2017, p. 2428.

[3]        Senate Finance and Public Administration Legislation Committee, Inquiry into the Social Security Legislation Amendment (Community Development Program) Bill 2015, March 2016, http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Finance_and_Public_Administration/Social_Security (accessed 10 July 2017).

Chapter 2 - Consultation and the policy development process

[1]        Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (PM&C), The Community Development Program Regions, 18 April 2017, https://www.pmc.gov.au/resource-centre/indigenous-affairs/community-development-program-regions (accessed 21 June 2017).

[2]        Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), 4714.0—2014–15 NATSISS: Summary Results for States and Territories, March 2017, http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/4714.02014-15?OpenDocument (accessed 9 December 2017).

[3]        PM&C, The Community Development Program. See also: PM&C, Submission 36, p. 3.

[4]        Department of Human Services, Community Development Program, https://www.humanservices.gov.au/customer/services/centrelink/community-development-program (accessed 9 June 2017).

[5]        Australian Government, Community Development Program Regions, updated 22 November 2016, https://www.pmc.gov.au/sites/default/files/publications/CDP-regions-factsheet-nov-2016.pdf (accessed 1 June 2017).

[6]        PM&C, The Community Development Program (CDP), https://www.dpmc.gov.au/indigenous-affairs/employment/community-development-program-cdp (accessed 1 June 2017). Mainstream employment services provide support and assistance to around 88 000 Indigenous job seekers through Jobactive, DES, Transition to Work and the CDP.

[7]        PM&C, Opportunities for employers: Employer Incentive Funding, https://www.pmc.gov.au/sites/default/files/publications/CDP%20employer%20factsheet%2029%20September.pdf (accessed 14 June 2017).

[8]        PM&C, Opportunities for employers: Employer Incentive Funding.

[9]        PM&C, Opportunities for employers: Employer Incentive Funding.

[10]      Australian Government, Community Development Program Regions. The numbers relate to the CDP provider for each region.

[11]      PM&C, Submission 36, p. 14.

[12]      Dr Will Sanders, 'DCEP and ATSIC as bold experiments in governing different: But where to now?' in D Austin-Btoos and G Macdonald, eds, Culture, economy and governance in Aboriginal Australia, Sydney University Press, Sydney, 2005, pp 203 ̶ 12.

[13]      Kirrily Jordan, 'Introduction', in Jordan and Fowkes, Job Creation and Income Support, p. 1.

[14]      I Spicer, Independent review of the Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) Scheme, ATSIC, Canberra, 1997.

[15]      BH Hunter and MC Gray, Continuity and change in the CDEP scheme, Working paper, 84/2012, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research (CAEPR), Canberra, 2012.

[16]      Dr Will Sanders, 'Indigenous Centres in the Policy Margins: The CDEP Scheme over 30 years', October 2014, p. 6.

[17]      Australian Government Department of Employment and Workplace Relations, 'Indigenous Potential meets Economic Opportunity', Discussion Paper, November 2006, http://pandora.nla.gov.au/pan/84675/20080522-1554/www.workplace.gov.au/NR/rdonlyres/D61B8DCB-A036-423F-9511-299E83F22752/0/CDEPPaperdiscussionwebfinal.pdf (accessed 16 October 2017).

[18]      Jon Altman and Matthew Gray, 'The economic and social impacts of the CDEP scheme in remote Australia', Australian Journal of Social Issues, Spring 2005, pp 399–410, http://search.proquest.com/docview/216244489?pq-origsite=gscholar (accessed 14 June 2017).

[19]      CDEP in the Northern Territory Emergency Response, Questions and Answers, http://www.formerministers.dss.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/cdep_qa_230707.pdf (accessed 14 June 2017); James Haughton, Social Security Legislation Amendment (Community Development Program) Bill 2015, Bills Digest No. 93, 2015 ̶ 16, Parliamentary Library, 29 February 2016, p. 5, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/download/legislation/billsdgs/4399835/upload_binary/4399835.pdf;fileType=application/pdf (accessed 14 June 2017).

[20]      James Haughton, Social Security Legislation Amendment (Community Development Program) Bill 2015, Bills Digest No. 93, 2015 ̶ 16, Parliamentary Library, 29 February 2016, p. 5, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/download/legislation/billsdgs/4399835/upload_binary/4399835.pdf;fileType=application/pdf (accessed 14 June 2017).

[21]      Eva Cox, 'What works and what doesn't work in indigenous service development: Reports on specific funded programs', Journal of Indigenous Policy, Vol. 43, 2014, p. 35, http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/JlIndigP/2014/43.pdf (accessed 9 June 2017).

[22]      ABS, 'Exploring the gap in labour market outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples', 4102.0—Australian Social Trends, 2014, 27 August 2014, http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4102.0main+features72014 (accessed 14 June 2017).

[23]      Council of Australian Government, Communique, 21st meeting, 26 March 2008, p. 2, https://www.coag.gov.au/sites/default/files/communique/communique-march-2008.pdf (accessed 16 October 2017).

[24]      Australian Government, Indigenous Economic Development Strategy 2011 ̶ 18, http://apo.org.au/system/files/27022/apo-nid27022-56201.pdf (accessed 15 June 2017).

[25]      James Haughton, Social Security Legislation Amendment (Community Development Program) Bill 2015, Bills Digest No. 93, 2015 ̶ 16, Parliamentary Library, 29 February 2016, pp 5–6, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/download/legislation/billsdgs/4399835/upload_binary/4399835.pdf;fileType=application/pdf (accessed 14 June 2017).

[26]      Australian Government, Community Development Fund Guidelines, Remote Jobs and Communities Program, Part A: Program Guidelines, p. 3, https://www.pmc.gov.au/sites/default/files/grants/Revised_RJCP_CDF_guidelines_Part_A.pdf

[27]      Australian Government, Indigenous Advancement Strategy, https://www.pmc.gov.au/indigenous-affairs/indigenous-advancement-strategy (accessed 9 August 2017).

[28]      ABS, 'Labour force characteristics', 4714.0 – National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, 2014 ̶ 15, 28 April 2016, http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/by%20Subject/4714.0~2014-15~Main%20Features~Labour%20force%20characteristics~6 (accessed 14 June 2017).

[29]      ABS, 'Labour force characteristics', 4714.0 – National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, 2014 ̶ 15, 28 April 2016, http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/by%20Subject/4714.0~2014-15~Main%20Features~Labour%20force%20characteristics~6 (accessed 14 June 2017).

[30]      Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, 'Immediate changes to the Remote Jobs and Communities Program', Media release, 29 November 2013, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;query=Id%3A%22media%2Fpressclp%2F2868389%22 (accessed 16 June 2017).

[31]      Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, 'New era for remote job services', Media release, 1 July 2015, https://www.nigelscullion.com/media-hub/indigenous-affairs/new-era-remote-jobs-services (accessed 24 October 2017).

[32]      PM&C, Submission 36, p. 1.

[33]      K Jordan and L Fowkes, Job Creation and Income Support in Remote Indigenous Australia: Moving Forward with a Better System, CAEPR Topical Issue No. 2/2016, Centre for Aboriginal Economic policy Research, Australian National University, November 2016, http://caepr.anu.edu.au/Publications/topical/2016TI2.php (accessed 6 June 2017).

[34]      Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, 'Facts don't back up ANU report on CDP', PM&C, Media release, 2 December 2016, https://ministers.pmc.gov.au/scullion/2016/facts-dont-back-anu-report-cdp (accessed 8 June 2017).

[35]      Senator Scullion, 'Facts don't back up ANU report on CDP', pp. 1 ̶ 2.

[36]      Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, 'CDP hits major milestone for remote jobseekers', PM&C, Media release, 18 May 2017, https://ministers.pmc.gov.au/scullion/2017/cdp-hits-major-milestone-remote-jobseekers (accessed 8 June 2017).

[37]      The strategy consolidates the different Indigenous policies and programs delivered by government into five overarching programs. See PM&C, Indigenous Advancement Strategy, https://www.pmc.gov.au/indigenous-affairs/indigenous-advancement-strategy (accessed 13 June 2017).

[38]      National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), Policy snapshot: Indigenous training and employment, 2017, p. 1, https://www.ncver.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0035/484487/Policy-snapshot-Indigenous-training-and-employment.pdf (accessed 13 June 2017). NCVER noted that much of this policy agenda 'has been adopted from the recent Forrest Review recommendations.  See also: Australian Government, Vocational Training and Employment Centres: Information sheet for Community Development Program providers, https://www.pmc.gov.au/sites/default/files/publications/VTEC-information-sheet-CDP-Providers.pdf (accessed 14 June 2017). The Vocational Training and Employment Centres (VTEC) Program supports and places Indigenous job seekers into sustainable jobs for up to 26 weeks, and includes job specific training. VTECs receive a single 26 week employment outcome fee and are expected to identify and source support from other sources including CDP providers. CDP providers can also claim their outcome payments as per their funding agreement, so VTEC and CDP are not duplication of funding.

[39]      Creating Parity: the Forrest Review, 2014, https://www.pmc.gov.au/sites/default/files/publications/Forrest-Review.pdf (accessed 19 June 2017).

[40]      PM&C, Indigenous jobs and training review, https://www.pmc.gov.au/indigenous-affairs/employment/indigenous-jobs-and-training-review (accessed 13 June 2017).

[41]      See for example, Inge Kral, Submission 7, p. 2; Lisa Fowkes, Submission 8, pp 2 and 13; Shelley Bielefeld, Submission 11, pp 1 ̶ 2; Will Sanders, Submission 12, p. 5.

[42]      National Employment Services Association, Submission 45, p. 3.

[43]      Fred Chaney AO and Bill Gray AM, Submission 2, p. 2.

[44]      Jobs Australia, 'The Design and Implementation of the Community Development Program', April 2017, p. 6, https://www.ja.com.au/sites/default/files/jobs_australia_submission_design_and_implementation_of_cdp.pdf (accessed 20 June 2017).

[45]      Jobs Australia, 'The Design and Implementation of the CDP', pp 6 ̶ 7.

[46]      Cited in: Uniting Communities, Submission 23, p. 3.

[47]      Ms Vanessa Thomas, Director, Nurra Kurramunoo Aboriginal Corporation, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 49.

[48]      Ngaanyatjarra Council, Submission 5, p. [2].

[49]      Ms Nadine Williams, First Assistant Secretary, Community and Economic development, PM&C, Senate Estimates, Proof Hansard, 26 May 2017, pp 38 ̶ 39.

[50]      PM&C, Submission 36, p. 11.

[51]      Mr Andrew Tongue, Associate Secretary, Indigenous Affairs Group, PM&C; Ms Nadine Williams, First Assistant Secretary, Community and Economic Development, PM&C, Proof Estimates Hansard, 26 May 2017, p. 38.

[52]      Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, Minister for Indigenous Affairs, Proof Estimates Hansard, 26 May 2017, p. 38.

[53]      Journals of the Senate, No. 133—2 December 2015, p. 3583.

[54]      Australian Government, Consultation Paper: Changes to the Community Development Program, p. 2, https://www.pmc.gov.au/sites/default/files/publications/cdp_consultation_paper.pdf (accessed 13 June 2017).

[55]      Social Security Legislation Amendment (Community Development Program) Bill 2015, Explanatory Memorandum (EM), p. 1, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/download/legislation/ems/s1027_ems_02f82de6-1761-4a55-9dd9-a450e1637a5a/upload_pdf/504381em.pdf;fileType=application%2Fpdf (accessed 16 June 2017).

[56]      Social Security Legislation Amendment (Community Development Program) Bill 2015, EM, p. 1, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/download/legislation/ems/s1027_ems_02f82de6-1761-4a55-9dd9-a450e1637a5a/upload_pdf/504381em.pdf;fileType=application%2Fpdf (accessed 16 June 2017).

[57]      Parliament of Australia, Social Security Legislation Amendment (Community Development Program) Bill 2015, http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Bills_LEGislation/Bills_Search_Results/Result?bId=s1027 (accessed 9 August 2017).

[58]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, answer to question taken on notice at the Additional Estimates 2016 ̶ 17, Question no. 116, Senate Finance and Public Administration Legislation Committee, 3 March 2017, p. 48. See also: PM&C, Submission 36, p. 14.

[59]      ANAO, 'The Design and Implementation of the Community Development Program', Commonwealth of Australia, 2017, https://www.anao.gov.au/work/performance-audit/design-and-implementation-community-development-program (accessed 11 October 2017).

[60]      ANAO, 'Design and implementation of the Community Development Programme', Performance Audit, ANAO Report No. 14, 2017–18, 31 October 2017,  p. 7, https://www.anao.gov.au/sites/g/files/net3416/f/ANAO_Report_2017-2018_14a.pdf (accessed 1 November 2017).

[61]      ANAO, 'Design and implementation of the Community Development Programme', Performance Audit, ANAO Report No. 14, 2017–18, 31 October 2017, pp 48–49.

[62]      ANAO, 'Design and implementation of the Community Development Programme', Performance Audit, ANAO Report No. 14, 2017–18, 31 October 2017, p. 46.

[63]      ANAO, 'Design and implementation of the Community Development Programme', Performance Audit, ANAO Report No. 14, 2017–18, 31 October 2017, p. 46.

[64]      ANAO, 'Design and implementation of the Community Development Programme', Performance Audit, ANAO Report No. 14, 2017–18, 31 October 2017, pp 46–47.

[65]      Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, 'Coalition Government support for Indigenous jobs and business sector', Media release, PM&C, 9 May 2017, https://ministers.pmc.gov.au/scullion/2017/coalition-government-support-indigenous-jobs-and-business-sector; PM&C, 2017 ̶ 18 Budget: Community Development Program, https://www.pmc.gov.au/sites/default/files/files/pmc/Accountability%20and%20reporting%20section/budget-fact-sheet-cdp.pdf (all accessed 14 June 2017).

[66]      Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, Minister for Indigenous Affairs, 'CDP hits major milestone for remote jobseekers', Media Release, 18 May 2017, https://www.nigelscullion.com/media+hub/CDP+hits+major+milestone+for+remote+jobseekers  (accessed 11 October 2017).

[67]      Mr Bill Gray, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 36.

[68]      Mr Liam Flanagan, General Manager of Community Services at the Arnhem Land Progress Aboriginal Corporation, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 29

[69]      Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, 'CDP hits major milestone for remote jobseekers', PM&C, media release, 18 May2017, https://ministers.pmc.gov.au/scullion/2017/cdp-hits-major-milestone-remote-jobseekers (accessed 8 June 2017).

[70]      PM&C, Submission 36, p. 1.

[71]      PM&C, 2017 ̶ 18 Budget.

[72]      Ms Bronwyn Field, Assistant Secretary, CDP Strategy Branch, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Proof Estimates Hansard, 27 October 2017, pp 38–39.

[73]      See, for example: Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 29.

[74]      Mr Matthew Ellem, General Manager, Tangentyere Employment Services, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 6.

[75]      Dr Kirrily Jordan, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 20. See also: Dr Janet Hunt, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 20.

[76]      Mr Gerard Coffey, CEO, Ngaanyatjarra Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 42.

[77]      Mr Graeme Hastie, CDP Case Manager and Coordinator, Kullarri Regional Communities Indigenous Corporation, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 59.

Chapter 3 - Nature and underlying causes of joblessness in remote communities

[2]        Tom Karmel et al, Closing the gap clearinghouse: Improving labour market outcomes through education and training, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Issues Paper no 9, February 2014, p. 42, http://www.aihw.gov.au/uploadedFiles/ClosingTheGap/Content/Our_publications/2014/ctgc-ip9.pdf (accessed 14 June 2017).

[3]        Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) 4102.0—Australian Social Trends, 'Exploring the gap in labour market outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4102.0main+features72014 (accessed 20 September 2017).

[4]        Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Submission 36, p. 1.

[5]        ABS 1270.0.55.005, 'Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS): Volume 5—Remoteness Structure', 2011, http://www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/ausstats/subscriber.nsf/0/A277D01B6AF25F64CA257B03000D7EED/$File/1270055005_july%202011.pdf (accessed 11 October 2017).

[6]        ABS 4102.0—Australian Social Trends, 'Exploring the gap in labour market outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4102.0main+features72014 (accessed 20 September 2017).

[7]        Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework 2017 Report, p. 110.

[8]        ABS, 'Exploring the gap in labour market outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples', 4102.0—Australian Social Trends, 2014, 27 August 2014, http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4102.0main+features72014 (accessed 10 November 2017).

[9]        ABS and AIHW analysis of 2014–15 NATSISS, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework 2017 Report, Table 2.07–1, p. 111.

[10]      AIHW and ABS analysis of 2014-15 NATSISS and 2014 SEW, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework 2017 Report, Figure 2.07–20, p. 111.

[11]      Councillor Liz Schmidt, President, Northern Alliance of Councils, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 22.

[12]      Assistant Commissioner Paul Taylor, Assistant Commissioner, Northern Region, Queensland Police Service, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 2.

[13]      Ms Vanessa Thomas, Director, Nurra Kurramunoo Aboriginal Corporation, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 49.

[14]      Ms Vanessa Thomas, Director, Nurra Kurramunoo Aboriginal Corporation, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 52.

[15]      ABS, 'Exploring the gap in labour market outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples', 4102.0—Australian Social Trends, 2014, 27 August 2014.

[16]      ABS, 'Labour force characteristics', 4714.0 – National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, 2014 ̶ 15.

[17]      Tom Karmel et al, Closing the gap clearinghouse: Improving labour market outcomes through education and training, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Issues Paper no 9, February 2014, p. 50, http://www.aihw.gov.au/uploadedFiles/ClosingTheGap/Content/Our_publications/2014/ctgc-ip9.pdf (accessed 14 June 2017).

[18]      Matthew Gray, Monica Howlett and Boyd Hunter, Indigenous Population Project: 2011 Census Papers, CAEPR, Paper 10: Labour market outcomes, p. 10, http://caepr.anu.edu.au/sites/default/files/cck_indigenous_outcomes/2013/06/2011CensusPaper10_LbrMktOutcomes.pdf (accessed 14 June 2017).

[19]      Tom Karmel et al, Closing the gap clearinghouse: Improving labour market outcomes through education and training, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Issues Paper no 9, February 2014, p. 50, http://www.aihw.gov.au/uploadedFiles/ClosingTheGap/Content/Our_publications/2014/ctgc-ip9.pdf (accessed 14 June 2017).

[20]      Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission, Submission to the Senate Inquiry into Indigenous Education, July 1996, p. 21, cited in Australian Human Rights Commission, Rural and Remote Education Inquiry Briefing Paper, 2001, https://www.humanrights.gov.au/publications/rural-and-remote-education-inquiry-briefing-paper-30 (accessed 14 June 2017).

[21]      Ms Victoria Baird, Regional Coordinator, East Kimberley, Save the Children Australia, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017,  p. 13.

[22]      Mr Martin Sibosado, Chairperson, Aarnja Limited,  Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 62.

[23]      Ms Tina Carmody, Working Together Coordinator, Kalgoorlie Boulder Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 9.

[24]      Ms Victoria Baird, Regional Coordinator, East Kimberley, Save the Children Australia, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017,  p. 13.

[25]      Ms Ada Hanson, Kalgoorlie Boulder Aboriginal Residents Group, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 18.

[26]      Ms Ada Hanson, Kalgoorlie Boulder Aboriginal Residents Group, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 21.

[27]      Mr Martin Sibosado, Chairperson, Aarnja Limited, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 57.

[28]      Mr Hans Bokelund, CEO, Goldfields Land and Sea Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 45.

[29]      ABS 4102.0—Australian Social Trends, Exploring the gap in labour market outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4102.0main+features72014 (accessed 20 September 2017).

[30]      Mr Peter Strachan, Submission 4, p. 3.

[31]      Dr Inge Kral, Submission 7, p. 3.

[32]      Mr Cameron Miller, CEO, Ngurratjuta Pmara Ntjarra, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 2.  See also: Ms Tina Carmody, Working Together Coordinator, Kalgoorlie Boulder Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 9.

[33]      Professor Jon Altman, Submission 26, p. 4. Data cited from OECD, Connecting people with jobs: Key issues for raising labour market participation in Australia, 2017.

[34]      Mr Martin Sibosado, Chairperson, Aarnja Ltd, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 63.

[35]      Mr Martin Sibosado, Chairperson, Aarnja Ltd, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 63.

[36]      Mr Michael Klerck, Manager, Social Policy and Research, Tangentyere Council, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, pp 2–3. See also: Tangentyere Council, Submission 34.1.

[37]      Ms Katie Owens, Manager, Rainbow Gateway Limited, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 7.

[38]      Ms Katie Owens, Manager, Rainbow Gateway Ltd, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 16.

[39]      Mr Paul Denny, Assistant Secretary, Community and Economic Development Division, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Proof Hansard, Canberra, 8 September 2017, p. 62.

[40]      Mr Matthew Ellem, General Manager, Tangentyere Employment, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 5.

[41]      Mr Cameron Miller, CEO, Ngurratjuta Pmara Ntjarra, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 3.

[42]      See, for example: Mr Matthew Ellem, General Manager, Tangentyere Employment Services, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 4.

[43]      Mr Martin Sibosado, Chairperson, Aarnja Ltd, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 63.

[44]      Mr Mark Jackman, General Manager, Regional Anangu Services Aboriginal Corporation, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 28.

[45]      Mr David Ross, Director, Central Land Council, Proof Hansard, Canberra, 8 September 2017, p. 39.

[46]      Ms Victoria Baird, Regional Coordinator, East Kimberley, Save the Children Australia, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 13.

[47]      Ms Victoria Baird, Regional Coordinator, East Kimberley, Save the Children Australia, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 16.

[48]      Mrs Raylene Cooper, Senior Aboriginal Mental Health Worker, Community Mental Health Services, Kalgoorlie, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 33.

[49]      Ms Vanessa Thomas, Director, Nurra Kurramunoo Aboriginal Corporation, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 54.

[50]      Mr Matthew Ellem, General Manager, Tangentyere Employment, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 6.

[51]      Ms Ada Hanson, Member, KBARG, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, pp 18–19.

[52]      NAAJA, Submission 40, p. 24. See also: Mr Chansey Paech MLA,  Submission 18, p. 2.

[53]      Ms Vanessa Thomas, Director, Nurra Kurramunoo Aboriginal Corporation, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 51.

[54]      Mr Martin Sibosado, Chairperson, Aarnja Ltd, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 56.

[55]      Mr Michael Klerck, Social Policy and Research, Manager, Tangentyere Council, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 7.

[56]      Dr Kirrily Jordan, Submission 30, p. 16.

[57]      Ngurratjuta Pmara Ntjarra Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 27, p. 2.

[58]      Tom Karmel et al, Closing the gap clearinghouse, p. 51.

[59]      Ms Tina Carmody, Working Together Coordinator, Kalgoorlie Boulder Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 10.

[60]      FaHCSIA, Directory of Commonwealth Government evaluations, pp 29 & 36.

[61]      FaHCSIA, Directory of Commonwealth Government evaluations, pp 29 & 37.

[62]      Ms Tina Carmody, Working Together Coordinator, Kalgoorlie Boulder Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 9.

[63]      Ms Tina Carmody, Working Together Coordinator, Kalgoorlie Boulder Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 10.

[64]      Ms Vanessa Thomas, Director, Nurra Kurramunoo Aboriginal Corporation, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 51.

[65]      See, for example: Ms Ada Hanson, answers to questions taken on notice from a public hearing in Kalgoorlie on 23 August 2017, received 15 September 2017; Ms Raylene Cooper, answers to questions taken on notice from a public hearing in Kalgoorlie on 23 August 2017, received 15 September 2017.

[66]      Mr Hans Bokelund, CEO, Goldfields Land and Sea Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 46. See, for example: Ms Ada Hanson, answers to questions taken on notice from a public hearing in Kalgoorlie on 23 August 2017, received 15 September 2017; Ms Raylene Cooper, answers to questions taken on notice from a public hearing in Kalgoorlie on 23 August 2017, received 15 September 2017.

[67]      Mr Hans Bokelund, CEO, Goldfields Land and Sea Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 46. Diggers and Dealers is an annual conference held in Kalgoorlie attended by mining, exploration and services companies, brokers, bankers, and financiers. See: http://diggersndealers.com.au/ (accessed 16 October 2017).

[68]      Mr Hans Bokelund, CEO, Goldfields Land and Sea Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 46.

[69]      Mrs Christine Boase, Treasurer, Laverton Leonora Cross Cultural Association Inc., Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 34.

Chapter 4 - Impacts of CDP on communities and individuals

[1]        Ms Christine Boase, Treasurer, Laverton Leonora Cross Cultural Association, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 27. See also, for example: Dr Shelley Bielefeld, Submission 11, p. 2; Jobs Australia, Submission 19, p. 11.

[2]        Mr Hans Bokelund, Chief Executive Officer, Goldfields Land and Sea Council, Proof Hansard, 23 August 2017, p. 44.

[3]        NSSRN, Submission 21, p. 3; see also Jobs Australia, 'The Design and Implementation of the Community Development Programme', Submission in response to the ANAO audit, April 2017, p. 4, https://www.ja.com.au/sites/default/files/jobs_australia_submission_design_and_implementation_of_cdp.pdf (accessed 9 June 2017).

[4]        See: Department of Employment, 'Work for the Dole', 9 May 2017, https://www.employment.gov.au/work-dole (accessed 10 October 2017).

[5]        L Fowkes and W Sanders, Financial penalties under the Remote Jobs and Communities Program, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, Working Paper No 108/2016, p. 6.

[6]        Jobs Australia, 'The Design and Implementation of the CDP', p. 4.

[7]        Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Submission 36, p. 10.

[8]        Professor Jon Altman, Submission 26, p. 11.

[9]        Central Land Council, Submission 35, p. 12.

[10]      Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, 'Facts don't back up ANU report on CDP', p. 2.

[11]      Mr Gerard Coffey, CEO, Ngaanyatjarra Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 40.

[12]      Ms Vanessa Thomas, Director, Nurra Kurramunoo Aboriginal Corporation, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 51.

[13]      Mr Nathan Vinson, Community Development Program Manager, Campbell Page, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 9.

[14]      Dr Kirrily Jordan, Submission 30, p. 11.

[15]      'Aboriginal Peak Organisations welcome Senate inquiry into Community Development Program', Central Land Council, 23 March 2017, http://www.clc.org.au/media-releases/article/aboriginal-peak-organisations-welcome-senate-inquiry-into-community-develop (accessed 16 June 2017).

[16]      NPYECS, Submission 28, pp 13–15.

[17]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Submission 36, pp 1 & 4–5. See also: Dr Lisa Fowkes, Submission 8, p. 9.

[18]      L Fowkes, 'Impact of CDP on income support of participants', in K Jordan and L Fowkes, Job Creation and Income Support in Remote Indigenous Australia: Moving forward with a better system, CAEPR Topical Issue No 2/2016, p. 17.

[19]      Dr Lisa Fowkes, Submission 9, p. 9.

[20]      Ms Rachel Atkinson, CEO, Palm Island Community Company, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 28. See also: Human Rights Law Centre, response to questions taken on notice at a public hearing on 8 September 2017 (received 12 October 2017).

[21]      Mr Michael Hobday, CEO, RISE Ventures, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 9.

[22]      Ms Katie Owens, Manager, Rainbow Gateway Ltd, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 7.

[23]      Dr Kirrily Jordan, Submission 30, p. 13.

[24]      Ms Shelley Bielefeld, Submission 11, p. 2.

[25]      Ms Tina Carmody, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 9.

[26]      Mr Gerard Coffey, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 37.

[27]      Ngurratjuta Pmara Ntjarra Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 27, p. [1].

[28]      Dr Kirrily Jordan, Submission 30, p. 16.

[29]      Mr Michael Hobday, CEO, RISE Ventures, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 8.

[30]      Mr Gerard Coffey, CEO, Ngaanyatjarra Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 37.

[31]      Mr Cameron Miller, CEO, Ngurratjuta Pmara Ntjarra Aboriginal Corporation, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 3.

[32]      Dr Cassandra Goldie, CEO, Australian Council of Social Service, Proof Hansard, Canberra, 8 September 2017, pp 1–2.

[33]      Mr David Thompson, Senior Advisor, Australian Council of Social Service, Proof Hansard, Canberra, 8 September 2017, p. 15. The Youth Jobs Path program 'provides young people with voluntary internship opportunities to help them gain real work experience in Australian businesses'. See: Department of Employment, Youth Jobs Path, 19 June 2017, https://www.employment.gov.au/youth-jobs-path (accessed 1 November 2017).

[34]      Ms Lara Watson, Indigenous Officer, Australian Council of Trade Unions, Proof Hansard, Canberra, 8 September 2017, p. 27.

[35]      Australian Council of Trade Unions, answers to questions taken on notice at the Canberra public hearing on 8 September 2017, received 6 October 2017.

[36]      Mr Brook Holloway, Governing Councillor, Community and Public Sector Union, Proof Hansard, Canberra, 8 September 2017, p. 27.

[37]      Ms Katie Owens, Manager, Rainbow Gateway Ltd, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 16.

[38]      Inspector Glen Willers, Assistant District Officer, Goldfields-Esperance District, Western Australia Police, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 6.

[39]      Mrs Katherine O'Donaghue, Community Development Program Manager, Ngurratjuta Pmara Ntjarra Aboriginal Corporation, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 9.

[40]      Ngaanyatjarra Council, Submission 5, p. 9.

[41]      Ms Vanessa Thomas, Director, Nurra Kurramunoo Aboriginal Corporation, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 50. Ms Thomas noted that this number did not include non-Indigenous people who use the phone to speak with Centrelink.

[42]      Mrs Katherine O'Donaghue, Community Development Program Manager, Ngurratjuta Pmara Ntjarra, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 9.

[43]      Ms Victoria Baird, Regional Coordinator, East Kimberley, Save the Children Australia, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, pp 14–15.

[44]      Mr Chansey Paech, Member for Namatjira, Northern Territory Legislative Assembly, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 35.

[45]      Uniting Communities, Submission 23, p. 7.

[46]      APY resident and CDP recipient, cited in Uniting Communities, Submission 23, p. 7.

[47]      Mr Michael Hobday, CEO, RISE Ventures, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 9.

[48]      Ms Susan Tilley, Manager of Aboriginal Policy and Advocacy, Uniting Communities, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 41. See also Ms Melissa Kean, Director, Central Australia, Children's Ground, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 43.

[49]      Ms Susan Tilley, Manager of Aboriginal Policy and Advocacy, Uniting Communities, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 42.

[50]      Mr Damien McLean, Community Development Advisor, Warburton Community, Ngaanyatjarra Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 38.

[51]      Mrs Raylene Cooper, Senior Aboriginal Mental Health Worker, Community Mental Health Services, Kalgoorlie, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 32.

[52]      Ms Vanessa Thomas, Director, Nurra Kurramunoo Aboriginal Corporation,  Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, pp 51–52.

[53]      Mrs Raelene Cooper, Senior Aboriginal Mental Health Worker, Community Mental Health Services, Kalgoorlie, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 31. See also: Ms Christine Boase, Treasurer, Laverton Leonora Cross Cultural Association, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 30.

[54]      Uniting Communities, Submission 23, p. 7.

[55]      Dr Inge Kral, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 21.

[56]      Ms Adrianne Walters, Director, Legal Advocacy, Human Rights Law Centre, Proof Hansard, Canberra, 8 September 2017, p. 8.

[57]      Professor Jon Altman, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 16.

[58]      Ms Susan Tilley, Manager, Aboriginal Policy and Advocacy, Uniting Communities, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 38.

[59]      Professor Jon Altman, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 16. See also: Mr Michael Klerck, Social Policy and Research, Manager, Tangentyere Council, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 5.

[60]      Ms Tina Carmody, Working Together Co-ordintaor, Kalgoorlie-Boulder Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 10.

[61]      Ms Harriet Olney, Independent Director, Ngaanyatjarra Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 39.

[62]      Ms Harriet Olney, Independent Director, Ngaanyatjarra Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 39.

[63]      Ms Harriet Olney, Independent Director, Ngaanyatjarra Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 39.

[64]      Ms Rachel Atkinson, CEO, Palm Island Community Company, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 27.

[65]      Superintendent Michael Bell, District Superintendent, Mid West-Gascoyne District, Western Australia Police Force, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 3.

[66]      Ms Victoria Baird, Regional Co-ordinator, East Kimberley, Save the Children Australia, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 14.

[67]      Inspector Glen Willers, Assistant District Officer, Goldfields-Esperance District, Western Australia Police Force, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 1.

[68]      Inspector Glen Willers, Assistant District Officer, Goldfields-Esperance District, Western Australia Police Force, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, pp 6–7. See also: Councillor Alf Lacey, Mayor, Palm Island Aboriginal Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 14.

[69]      Mrs Christine Boase, Treasurer, Laverton Leonora Cross Cultural Assocation, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 32.

[70]      Superintendent Michael Bell, District Superintendent, Mid West-Gascoyne District, Western Australia Police Force, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 5.

[71]      See, for example, Uniting Communities, Submission 23, p. 4.

[72]      Mr Damien McLean, Community Development Advisor, Warburton Community, Ngaanyatjarra Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 43.

[73]      Mr Martin Sibosado, Chairperson, Aarnja Ltd, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 57.

[74]      Ngaanyatjarra Council, Submission 5, p. 9.

[75]      Superintendent Michael Bell, District Superintendent, Mid West-Gascoyne District, Western Australia Police Force, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 3.

[76]      Inspector Glen Willers, Assistant District Officer, Goldfields-Esperance District, Western Australia Police Force, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 6.

[77]      Inspector Glen Willers, Assistant District Officer, Goldfields-Esperance District, Western Australia Police Force, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 6.

[78]      See, for example: Mr Hans Bokelund, Chief Executive Officer, Goldfields Land and Sea Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 45 & Ms Victoria Baird, p. 28.

[79]      Mrs Christine Boase, Treasurer, Laverton Leonora Cross Cultural Association Inc., Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 32.

[80]      ACTU, Submission 29, p. 14.

[81]      See for example, Aarnja Ltd, Submission 25, p. 3; CBS, Submission 6, [p. 1].

[82]      CBS, Submission 6, [p. 1].

[83]      CPSU, Submission 24, p. 4.

[84]      NPY Women's Council, Submission 28, pp 6 ̶ 7 & 17. See also: North Australian Aboriginal Justice Agency, Submission 40, p. 6.

[85]      Aarnja Ltd, Submission 25, p. 4.

[86]      Sanders, 'Activities and authority', p. 26.

[87]      Ngaanyatjarra Council, Submission 5, p. 9.

[88]      NPY Empowered Communities Secretariat, Submission 28, p. 12. Names were changed in the original submission.

[89]      Ms Tina Carmody, Working Together Coordinator, Kalgoorlie-Boulder Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 9. See also: Councillor Alf Lacey, Mayor, Palm Island Aboriginal Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 13.

[90]      See for example: Mrs Christine Boase, Treasurer, Laverton Leonora Cross Cultural Association, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 27 & Mr Graeme Hastie, CDP Case Manager and Coordinator, Kullari Regional Communities Indigenous Corporation, p. 59.

[91]      Inspector Glen Willers, Assistant District Officer, Goldfields-Esperance District, Western Australia Police, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 2.

[92]      Mrs Christine Boase, Treasurer, Laverton Leonora Cross Cultural Association, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 27.

[93]      NPY Empowered Communities Secretariat, Submission 28, p. 12.

[94]      APO NT, Submission 37.1, p. 16.

[95]      Ms Vanessa Thomas, Director, Nurra Kurramunoo Aboriginal Corporation, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 50.

[96]      NCVER, Policy snapshot.

[97]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Submission 36, p. 12.

[98]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Submission 36, p. 12.

[99]      Ms Kylie Van Der Neut, Senior Manager, Contract Assurance, Campbell Page, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 2.

[100]    Ms Kylie Van Der Neut, Senior Manager, Contract Assurance, Campbell Page, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 2.

[101]    Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 17.

[102]    Ms Kylie Van Der Neut, Senior Manager, Contract Assurance, Campbell Page, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 6. See also: Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 17.

[103]    NPY Empowered Communities Secretariat, Submission 28, pp 8–9.

[104]    Mr Damien McLean, Community Development Advisor, Warburton Community, Ngaanyatjarra Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 37.

Chapter 5 - Impacts of CDP on providers

[1]        Kirrily Jordan, Lisa Fowkes et al., Job Creation and Income Support in Remote Indigenous Australia: Moving Forward with a Better System, CAEPR, Topical Issue 2/2016, p. 13.

[2]        Ms Kylie Van Der Neut, Senior Manager, Contract Assurance, Campbell Page, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 3.

[3]        Ms Kylie Van Der Neut, Senior Manager, Contract Assurance, Campbell Page, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 3.

[4]        National Employment Services Association, Submission 45, p. 7.

[5]        Ngurratjuta/Pmara Ntjarra Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 27, p. 2.

[6]        Ngurratjuta/Pmara Ntjarra Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 27, p. 2. See also: National Employment Services Association, Submission 45.2, p. 6.

[7]        Ms Kylie Van Der Neut, Senior Manager, Contract Assurance, Campbell Page, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 3.

[8]        Kirrily Jordan, Lisa Fowkes et al., Job Creation and Income Support in Remote Indigenous Australia: Moving Forward with a Better System, CAEPR, Topical Issue 2/2016, p. 14.

[9]        Councillor Alf Lacey, Mayor, Palm Island Aboriginal Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 13.

[10]      Dr Kirrily Jordan, Submission 30, p. 12.

[11]      Dr Kirrily Jordan, Submission 30, p. 12.

[12]      Mrs Christine Boase, Treasurer, Laverton Leonora Cross Cultural Association, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 30.

[13]      Kirrily Jordan, Lisa Fowkes et al., Job Creation and Income Support in Remote Indigenous Australia: Moving Forward with a Better System, CAEPR, Topical Issue 2/2016, p. 13; for a list of providers see Australian Government, Community Development Programme Regions, updated 22 November 2016, https://www.pmc.gov.au/sites/default/files/publications/CDP-regions-factsheet-nov-2016.pdf (accessed 1 June 2017).

[14]      Mr Peter Strachan, Submission 4, p. 5.

[15]      Jobs Australia, 'The Design and Implementation of the Community Development Program', April 2017, p. 10, https://www.ja.com.au/sites/default/files/jobs_australia_submission_design_and_implementation_of_cdp.pdf (accessed 20 June 2017).

[16]      Mr Fred Chaney and Mr Bill Gray, Submission 2, p. 4.

[17]      Mr Peter Strachan, Submission 4, p. 5.

[18]      Dr Kirrily Jordan, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 21.

[19]      Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 13. See also: Ms Rachel Atkinson, CEO, Palm Island Community Company, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 27.

[20]      Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 14.

[21]      Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 13.

[22]      Ms Rachel Atkinson, CEO, Palm Island Community Company, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 24.

[23]      See, for example: Ms Katie Owens, Manager, Rainbow Gateway Ltd, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 10

[24]      Dr Lisa Fowkes, Research Scholar, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, Australian National University, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 14.

[25]      Councillor Lyn McLaughlin, Mayor, Burdekin Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 21.

[26]      Uniting Communities, Submission 23, p. 8.

[27]      Uniting Communities, Submission 23, p. 8.

[28]      Aarnja Ltd, Submission 25, p. 5.

[29]      Jobs Australia, 'The Design and Implementation of the CDP', pp 12–13.

[30]      Jobs Australia, 'The Design and Implementation of the CDP', p. 11.

[31]      Jobs Australia, 'The Design and Implementation of the CDP', p. 11.

[32]      Jobs Australia, 'The Design and Implementation of the CDP', p. 11.

[33]      Jobs Australia, 'The Design and Implementation of the CDP', p. 11.

[34]      Jobs Australia, 'The Design and Implementation of the CDP', p. 11.

[35]      Jobs Australia, 'The Design and Implementation of the CDP', p. 11.

[36]      Jobs Australia, 'The Design and Implementation of the CDP', p. 11.

[37]      Councillor Alf Lacey, Mayor, Palm Island Aboriginal Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 13.

[38]      Campbell Page, answers to questions taken on notice, received 20 October, following a public hearing in Palm Island on 4 October 2017, pp 2–3.

[39]      Campbell Page, answers to questions taken on notice, received 20 October, following a public hearing in Palm Island on 4 October 2017, p. 1.

[40]      Campbell Page, answers to questions taken on notice, received 20 October, following a public hearing in Palm Island on 4 October 2017, p. 1.

[41]      Mr Michael Hobday, CEO, RISE Ventures, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 17. See also: RISE Ventures, answers to questions taken on notice, received 23 October, following a public hearing in Townsville on 4 October 2017.

[42]      My Pathway, Submission 46, p. 1.

[43]      Dr Cassandra Goldie, CEO, Australian Council of Social Service, Proof Hansard, Canberra, 8 September 2017, p. 2.

[44]      Dr Cassandra Goldie, CEO, Australian Council of Social Service, Proof Hansard, Canberra, 8 September 2017, p. 1.

[45]      Councillor Alf Lacey, Mayor, Palm Island Aboriginal Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 13.

[46]      Councillor Alf Lacey, Mayor, Palm Island Aboriginal Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 13.

[47]      Tangentyere Council Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 34, p. 14.

[48]      Mr Fred Chaney and Mr Bill Gray, Submission 2, p. 9.

[49]      See, for example: Mr Sotir Kondov (Interim CEO) & Ms Kylie Van Der Neut (Senior Manager, Contract Assurance), Campbell Page, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, pp 2–3.

[50]      Campbell Page, answers to questions taken on notice, received 20 October, following a public hearing in Palm Island on 4 October 2017, p. 1.

[51]      Mr Michael Hobday, CEO, RISE Ventures, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 9.

[52]      Mr Michael Hobday, CEO, RISE Ventures, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 12.

[53]      See, for example: Mr Sotir Kondov, Interim CEO, Campbell Page, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, pp 1–2. See, for example: Mr Cameron Miller, CEO, Ngurratjuta Pmara Ntjarra, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 2.

[54]      Mr Sotir Kondov, Interim CEO, Campbell Page, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 2.

[55]      Mr Andrew Tongue, Associate Secretary, Indigenous Affairs, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Proof Hansard, Canberra, 8 September 2017, pp 63 & 65.

[56]      Mrs Bronwyn Field, Acting First Assistant Secretary, Community and Economic Development Division, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Proof Hansard, Canberra, 8 September 2017, p. 56.

[57]      Mr Hans Bokelund, CEO, Goldfields Land and Sea Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 45.

[58]      Mr Michael Hobday, CEO, RISE Ventures, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 9.

[59]      Mr Graeme Hastie, CDP Case Manager and Coordinator, Kullarri Regional Communities Indigenous Corporation, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 61.

[60]      ACTU, Submission 29, p. 4.

[61]      Mr Michael Hobday, CEO, RISE Ventures, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 15.

[62]      Mr Michael Hobday, CEO, RISE Ventures, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 16. See also, for example: Rainbow Gateway Ltd, answers to questions taken on notice, received 17 October 2017, from a public hearing in Townsville on 4 October 2017.

[63]      Mr Michael Hobday, CEO, RISE Ventures, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 8.

[64]      Mr Michael Hobday, CEO, RISE Ventures, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 8.

[65]      Councillor Alf Lacey, Mayor, Palm Island Aboriginal Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 15.

Chapter 6 - Alternative approaches to CDP

[1]        Councillor Alf Lacey, Mayor, Palm Island Aboriginal Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 13.

[2]        Ms Rachel Atkinson, Chief Executive Officer, Palm Island Community Company Ltd, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 26.

[3]        Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, 2017 ̶ 18 Budget: Community Development Programme, https://www.dpmc.gov.au/sites/default/files/files/pmc/Accountability%20and%20reporting%20section/budget-fact-sheet-cdp.pdf (accessed 2 June 2017).

[4]        See for example, Ngurratjuta/Pmara Ntjarra Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 27, [p. 3]; Tjuwanpa Outstation Resource Centre Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 13, p. 4.

[5]        See: Chapter 5, paragraphs 5.50–5.54.

[6]        Professor Jon Altman, Submission 26, p. 14.

[7]        JA, What to do about CDP, November 2016, pp 1–2.

[8]        See for example, Dr Kirrily Jordan, Submission 30, pp 9–19. See also: Jordan and Fowkes, Job Creation and Income Support, pp 27–29.

[9]        Kirrily Jordan, Lisa Fowkes et al., Job Creation and Income Support in Remote Indigenous Australia: Moving Forward with a Better System, CAEPR, Topical Issue 2/2016, pp 27–29.

[10]      Assistant Commissioner Paul Taylor, Assistant Commissioner, Northern Region, Queensland Police, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 3.

[11]      Martin Watts, 'Basic income versus the Job Guarantee: A review of the issues', Journal of Economic and Social Policy, Vol. 7, Issue 1, Article 2, 2002, http://epubs.scu.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1041&context=jesp (accessed 22 June 2017).

[12]      Dr Elise Klein, Submission 9, p. 4.

[13]      Mr Peter Strachan, Submission 4, p. 6.

[14]      Martin Watts, 'Basic income versus the Job Guarantee: A review of the issues', Journal of Economic and Social Policy, Vol. 7, Issue 1, Article 2, 2002, p. 2.

[15]      Per Capita, Submission 20, [p. 2].

[16]      Mr Martin Sibosado, Chairperson, Aarnja Ltd, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 57.

[17]      Ngaanyatjarra Council, Submission 5, p. [6].

[18]      Ngaanyatjarra Council, Submission 5, cover letter.

[19]      J Morrison, 'Why government policies continue to spectacularly fail', in Jordan and Fowkes, Job Creation and Income Support, pp 8–10.

[20]      Dr Inge Kral, Submission 7, p. 3.

[21]      Mr Martin Sibosado, Chairperson, Aarnja Ltd, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 56.

[22]      Dr Will Sanders, Submission 12, pp 3–4.

[23]      Dr Kirrily Jordan, Submission 30, p. 3.

[24]      Dr Kirrily Jordan, Submission 30, p. 2.

[25]      Dr Kirrily Jordan, Submission 30, p. 2.

[26]      Professor Jon Altman, Submission 26, p. 2.

[27]      Ms Rachel Atkinson, Chief Executive Officer, Palm Island Community Company Ltd, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 25.

[28]      Councillor Alf Lacey, Mayor, Palm Island Aboriginal Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 14.

[29]      Mr Martin Sibosado, Chairperson, Aarnja Ltd, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 57.

[30]      Councillor Lyn McLaughlin, Mayor, Burdekin Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 19.

[31]      Ms Ada Hanson, Member, Kalgoorlie-Boulder Aboriginal Residents Group, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 18.

[32]      Ms Rachel Atkinson, Chief Executive Officer, Palm Island Community Company Ltd, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 24.

[33]      Councillor Lyn McLaughlin, Mayor, Burdekin Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 19.

[34]      Ms Rachel Atkinson, Chief Executive Officer, Palm Island Community Company Ltd, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 26.

[35]      Mr Damian McLean, Community Development Advisor, Warburton Community, Ngaanyatjarra Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 41.

[36]      Dr Inge Kral, Submission 7, p. 4.

[37]      Ms Vanessa Thomas, Director, Nurra Kurramunoo Aboriginal Corporation, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 51.

[38]      Mr Martin Sibosado, Chairperson, Aarnja Ltd, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 56.

[39]      Ms Ada Hanson, Member, Kalgoorlie-Boulder Aboriginal Community Residents Group, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 18.

[40]      Councillor Alf Lacey, Mayor, Palm Island Aboriginal Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 15.

[41]      Mrs Raylene Cooper, Senior Aboriginal Mental Health Worker, Community Mental Health Services, Kalgoorlie, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 33.

[42]      Mr Hans Bokelund, CEO, Goldfields Land and Sea Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 44.

[43]      Mr Hans Bokelund, CEO, Goldfields Land and Sea Council, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 44.

[44]      See for example: Tjuwanpa Outstation Resource Centre Aboriginal Corporation, Submission 13, p. 4; Jobs Australia, Submission 19, pp 16–17.

[45]      APO NT, Submission 37, pp 3 ̶ 5. See APO NT, Submission 37.7 for a list of organisations that have endorsed the proposal.

[46]      APO NT, Submission 37.2.

[47]      APO NT, Submission 37, pp 3 ̶ 4; APO NT, Developing Strong and Resilient Remote Communities: Proposal for Establishment of a Remote Development and Employment Scheme, May 2017, APO NT, Submission 37.1.

[48]      Jobs Australia, 'APO NT alternative to CDP', 8 June 2017, https://www.ja.com.au/news/apont-alternative-cdp (accessed 13 June 2017).

[49]      Dr Lisa Fowkes, Submission 8, p. 13.

[50]      See, for example: North Australian Aboriginal Justice Agency, Submission 40, p. 6; Mr Michael Klerck, Social Policy and Research, Manager, Tangentyere Council, Proof Hansard, Alice Springs, 28 August 2017, p. 1.

[51]      Dr Janet Hunt, Submission 10, p. 2.

[52]      Central Land Council, Submission 35, p. 7.

[53]      Enterprise Learning Projects, Submission 14, [p. 3].

[54]      Ms Maggie McGowan, Submission 15, p. 7. See, for example, 'The new agenda: Celebrating Indigenous success', The Deal (The Australian), May 2017, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;query=Id%3A%22media%2Fpressclp%2F5292918%22 (accessed 27 June 2017).

[55]      PM&C, Submission 36, p. 7. See PM&C, Indigenous Procurement Policy, https://www.pmc.gov.au/indigenous-affairs/economic-development/indigenous-procurement-policy-ipp (accessed 26 June 2017).

[56]      Children's Ground, Submission 22, p. 7.

[57]      See: CLC, Submission 35, p. 13. PM&C funding is guaranteed until 2020 for existing ranger groups. There is a significant unmet demand for more groups but no new funding available.

[58]      Government of Canada, Indigenous labour market programs, https://www.canada.ca/en/employment-social-development/services/indigenous.html (accessed 19 June 2017).

[59]      'Government of Canada launches Indigenous youth employment program', 10 February 2017, https://www.canada.ca/en/treasury-board-secretariat/news/2017/02/government_of_canadalaunchesindigenousyouthemploymentprogram.html (accessed 19 June 2017).

[60]      See: 'Commonwealth taking steps to increase Indigenous jobs', http://www.indigenous.gov.au/news-and-media/announcements/minister-scullion-commonwealth-taking-steps-increase-indigenous-jobs-0 (accessed 15 June 2017). See also Philip Hamilton, 'Procurement strategy for Indigenous business: the Canadian experience, and lessons for Australia', FlagPost, 27 March 2015, http://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/FlagPost/2015/March/Canada_Procurement_Strategy_for_Aboriginal_Business (accessed 15 June 2017).

[61]      Ms Katie Owens, Manager, Rainbow Gateway Ltd, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 10.

[62]      Ms Katie Owens, Manager, Rainbow Gateway Ltd, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 7.

[63]      Councillor Lyn McLaughlin, Mayor, Burdekin Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 20.

[64]      Ms Katie Owens, Manager, Rainbow Gateway Ltd, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 7.

[65]      Mr Sotir Kondov, Interim Chief Executive Officer, Campbell Page, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 4.

[66]      Councillor Lyn McLaughlin, Mayor, Burdekin Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 20.

[67]      Councillor Lyn McLaughlin, Mayor, Burdekin Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 20.

[68]      Ms Vanessa Thomas, Director, Nurra Kurramunoo Aboriginal Corporation, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 51.

[69]      Ms Vanessa Thomas, Director, Nurra Kurramunoo Aboriginal Corporation, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 51.

[70]      Councillor Alf Lacey, Mayor, Palm Island Aboriginal Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, pp 15–16.

[71]      Councillor Alf Lacey, Mayor, Palm Island Aboriginal Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 17.

[72]      Councillor Alf Lacey, Mayor, Palm Island Aboriginal Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, pp 15–16.

[73]      Assistant Commissioner Paul Taylor, Assistant Commissioner, Northern Region, Queensland Police, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, pp 1–2.

[74]      Inspector Glen Willers, Assistant District Officer, Goldfields-Esperance District, Western Australia Police, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 4.

[75]      Inspector Glen Willers, Assistant District Officer, Goldfields-Esperance District, Western Australia Police, Proof Hansard, Kalgoorlie, 23 August 2017, p. 4.

[76]      Councillor Alf Lacey, Mayor, Palm Island Aboriginal Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, pp 14–15.

[77]      Ms Rachel Atkinson, CEO, Palm Island Community Company, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 25.

[78]      Ms Rachel Atkinson, CEO, Palm Island Community Company, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 26.

Chapter 7 - Conclusions and recommendations

[1]        Councillor Alf Lacey, Mayor, Palm Island Aboriginal Shire Council, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, pp 18–19.

[2]        Australian National Audit Office, 'Design and Implementation of the Community Development Programme', ANAO Report No. 14 2017–18, p. 46, https://www.anao.gov.au/sites/g/files/net3721/f/ANAO_Report_2017-2018_14a.pdf (accessed 9 December 2017).

[3]        Senate Finance and Public Administration Legislation Committee, Proof Estimates Hansard, 27 October 2017, p. 40.

[4]        As provided for under section 18B of the Auditor-General Act 1997.

Government senators' dissenting report

[1]        Australian National Audit Office, 'Design and Implementation of the Community Development Programme', ANAO Report No. 14 2017–18, October 2017, pp 7–8, https://www.anao.gov.au/sites/g/files/net3416/f/ANAO_Report_2017-2018_14a.pdf (accessed 21 November 2017).

[2]        Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Discussion Paper: Remote employment and participation, 14 December 2017, https://www.pmc.gov.au/resource-centre/indigenous-affairs/discussion-paper-remote-employment-and-participation (accessed 14 December 2017).

[3]        Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Submission 36, p. 3.

[4]        Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, 'CDP hits major milestone for remote jobseekers', Media release, 18 May 2017.

[5]        Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, 'CDP Employment Placements and Outcomes July 2015–July 2017', Canberra public hearing, received 8 September 2017.

[6]        Mr Andrew Tongue, Associate Secretary, Indigenous Affairs Group, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Proof Estimates Hansard, 27 October 2017, p. 51.

[7]        Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, 'Facts don't back up ANU report on CDP', Media release, 2 December 2016.

[8]        Ms Kylie Van Der Neut, Senior Manager, Contract Assurance, Campbell Page, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, pp. 3-4.

[9]        Ms Bronwyn Field, Assistant Secretary, CDP Strategy Branch, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Proof Estimates Hansard, 27 October 2017, p. 51.

[10]      Mr Michael Hobday, CEO, RISE Ventures, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 8.

[11]      Ms Kylie Van Der Neut, Senior Manager, Contract Assurance, Campbell Page, Proof Hansard, Palm Island, 4 October 2017, p. 4.

[12]      Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, '2017–18 Budget: Community Development Programme', Media release, 9 May 2017.

[13]      Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, '2017–18 Budget: Community Development Programme, Media release, 9 May 2017.

[14]      Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, 'CDP hits major milestone for remote jobseekers', Media release, 18 May 2017.

[15]      Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, '2017–18 Budget: Community Development Programme, Media release, 9 May 2017.

[16]      Mrs Bronwyn Field, Assistant Secretary, CDP Strategy Branch, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Proof Estimates Hansard, 27 October 2017, p. 38.

[17]      Ms Bronwyn Field, Assistant Secretary, CDP Strategy Branch, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Proof Estimates Hansard, 27 October 2017, p. 39.

[18]      Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, Minister for Indigenous Affairs, Proof Estimates Hansard, 27 October 2017, p. 41.

[19]      Ms Katie Owens, Manager, Rainbow Gateway, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 7.

[20]      See: Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, Minister for Indigenous Affairs, 'Immediate changes to the Remote Jobs and Communities Program', Media Release, 29 October 2013, http://www.indigenous.gov.au/immediate-changes-to-the-remote-jobs-and-communities-programme (accessed 22 November 2017). See also: Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, Minister for Indigenous Affairs, 'New era for remote job services', Media Release, 1 July 2015, https://www.nigelscullion.com/media-hub/indigenous-affairs/new-era-remote-jobs-services (accessed 22 November 2017).

[21]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Consultations on the transition from RJCP to CDP, Canberra public hearing, received 8 September 2017.

[22]      Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, Minister for Indigenous Affairs, 'Facts don't back up ANU report on CDP', p. 2.

[23]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Submission 36, p. 2.

[24]      Senator the Hon Nigel Scullion, Minister for Indigenous Affairs, 'Facts don't back up ANU report on CDP', p. 2.

[25]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Submission 36, pp 4–5.

[26]      Mrs Bronwyn Field, Assistant Secretary, CDP Strategy Branch, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Proof Estimates Hansard, 27 October 2017, p. 48.

[27]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Submission 36, p. 8.

[28]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Submission 36, p. 8.

[29]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Submission 36, p. 8.

[30]      See: Majority report, Chapter 4.

[31]      Mr Michael Hobday, CEO, RISE Ventures, Proof Hansard, Townsville, 4 October 2017, p. 9.

[32]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Submission 36, p. 9.

[33]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Submission 36, p. 10.

[34]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Submission 36, p. 10.

Appendix 3 - Summary of committee site visits related to the inquiry

[1]        Papunya is the closest town to the Australian continental pole of inaccessibility. This is the furthest point from the coastline on the Australian mainland.

[2]        Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2016 Census QuickStats: Palm Island (S), http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2016/quickstat/LGA35790 (accessed 6 October 2017).

[3]        Queensland Government, Palm Island, https://www.qld.gov.au/atsi/cultural-awareness-heritage-arts/community-histories-palm-island (accessed 6 October 2017).