Footnotes

Footnotes

Chapter 1 - Introduction

[1]        Journals of the Senate, No. 24, 25 March 2014, p. 709.

[2]        Journals of the Senate, No. 28, 14 May 2014, p. 793.

[3]        Journals of the Senate, No. 47, 27 August 2014, p. 1313.

[4]        See, for example, 'Christensen labels Senate inquiry a 'kangaroo court', The Whitsunday Times, 24 July 2014, http://www.whitsundaytimes.com.au/news/christensen-labels-senate-inquiry-a-kangaroo-court/2327364/ (accessed 8 August 2014); 'MP slams reef hearing as a 'waste of time', Daily Mercury, 23 July 2013, http://www.dailymercury.com.au/news/mp-slams-reef-hearing-as-a-waste-of-time/2326772/, (accessed 8 August 2014).

[5]        North Queensland Bulk Ports Corporation, Submission 62.

[6]         The most notable exception is the submission from Carefish (Submission 16).

Chapter 2 - Background

[1]        Department of the Environment, Fact Sheet – The Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area, September 2012: http://www.environment.gov.au/system/files/resources/d9257a3b-566a-4f9c-98b1-779a3da78153/files/gbr-factsheet.pdf; and also Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA), Facts about the Great Barrier Reef, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/about-the-reef/facts-about-the-great-barrier-reef (accessed 27 June 2014).

[2]        GBRMPA, Facts about the Great Barrier Reef, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/about-the-reef/facts-about-the-great-barrier-reef (accessed 27 June 2014).

[3]        GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Outlook Report 2014 (Outlook Report 2014), p. 7, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/managing-the-reef/great-barrier-reef-outlook-report (accessed 13 August 2014); Department of the Environment, Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Values, http://www.environment.gov.au/heritage/places/world/gbr/values (accessed 13 August 2014).

[4]        Source: Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 5.

[5]        GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 3.

[6]        Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 6.

[7]        GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 109; AIMS, Submission 36, p. 1.

[8]        Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 6.

[9]        Note that there is a range of Queensland legislation that is also relevant to the protection and management of the Great Barrier Reef and its catchments: see further Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, pp 10–12.

[10]      EPBC Act, ss. 3(1).

[11]      Section 523 of the EPBC Act defines an 'action' to include a project, development, undertaking, activity or series of activities, or an alteration of any of these.

[12]      EPBC Act, Part 3, Division 1. See also Department of the Environment, What is protected under the EPBC Act?, http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/about-us/legislation/environment-protection-and-biodiversity-conservation-act-1999/what (accessed 8 July 2014).

[13]      Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, s. 24B.

[14]      The Great Barrier Reef was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1981.

[15]      The Great Barrier Reef was included in the National Heritage List on 21 May 2007. See further: Department of the Environment, The Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Overview, http://www.environment.gov.au/heritage/places/world/great-barrier-reef/index.html (accessed 27 June 2014).

[16]      GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Biodiversity Conservation Strategy 2013, p. 7, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/about-the-reef/biodiversity/biodiversity-conservation-strategy-2013 (accessed 27 June 2014).

[17]      Department of the Environment, EPBC Act Referral Guidelines for the Outstanding Universal Value of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area, http://www.environment.gov.au/resource/epbc-act-referral-guidelines-outstanding-universal-value-great-barrier-reef-world-heritage (accessed 8 July 2014).

[18]      GBRMP Act, s. 2A.

[19]      The Hon Moses Cass, Former Minister for Environment and Conservation, House of Representatives Debates, 1975, vol. HR95 R2680.

[20]      GBMPA, Legislation, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/zoning-permits-and-plans/legislation-regulations-and-policies/legislation  (accessed 9 July 2014).

[21]      Available at: http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0015/3390/GBRMPA-zoning-plan-2003.pdf  (accessed 9 July 2014)

[22]      GBRMPA, Zoning, at: http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/zoning-permits-and-plans/zoning (accessed 9 July 2014).

[23]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 12.

[24]      GBRMPA, About Zoning, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/zoning-permits-and-plans/zoning/about-zoning  (accessed 9 July 2014).

[25]      There are currently four plans of management: for the Cairns Area, Whitsundays, Hinchinbrook, and a Shoalwater Bay (Dugong) Plan of Management: Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 12.

[26]      Department of the Environment, Sea dumping, http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/marine/marine‑pollution/sea‑dumping  (accessed 27 June 2014). See also 1996 Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter 1972.

[27]      Department of the Environment, Environment Protection (Sea Dumping) Act 1981, http://www.environment.gov.au/coasts/pollution/dumping/act.html (accessed 27 June 2014).

[28]      Department of the Environment, National Assessment Guidelines for Dredging, available at: http://www.environment.gov.au/coasts/pollution/dumping/publications/guidelines.html (accessed 27 June 2014).

[29]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 130; GBRMPA, Dredging and Spoil Disposal Policy, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0019/3844/gbrmpa_DredgingandSpoilDisposalPolicy_2004.pdf (accessed 27 August 2014).

[30]      UNESCO World Heritage Committee, Decision 35 COM 7B.10, Great Barrier Reef (Australia), http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4418 (accessed 9 July 2014).

[31]      UNESCO, Mission Report: Reactive Monitoring Mission to Great Barrier Reef (Australia), June 2012, p. 2, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/154/documents/  (accessed 27 June 2014).

[32]      UNESCO, Mission Report: Reactive Monitoring Mission to Great Barrier Reef (Australia), June 2012, p. 4.

[33]      UNESCO, Mission Report: Reactive Monitoring Mission to Great Barrier Reef (Australia), June 2012, p. 4.

[34]      UNESCO, Mission Report: Reactive Monitoring Mission to Great Barrier Reef (Australia), June 2012, pp 6–9. For further detail on the List of World Heritage in Danger, see: UNESCO, World Heritage in Danger, at: http://whc.unesco.org/en/158/ (accessed 9 July 2014). There are currently 45 properties around the world on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The full list is available at: http://whc.unesco.org/en/danger/ (accessed 9 July 2014).

[35]      UNESCO World Heritage Committee, Decision 36 COM 7B.8, 2012http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4657 (accessed 9 July 2014).

[36]      UNESCO World Heritage Committee, Decision 36 COM 7B.8, 2012, http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4657 (accessed 9 July 2014).

[37]      UNESCO World Heritage Committee, Decision 37 COM 7B.10, 2013, http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4959 (accessed 9 July 2014).

[38]      UNESCO World Heritage Committee, Decision 38 COM 7B.63, 2014, pp 116–117, http://whc.unesco.org/archive/2014/whc14-38com-16en.pdf (accessed 9 July 2014).

[39]      UNESCO World Heritage Committee, Decision 37 COM 7B.10, 2013, http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4959 (accessed 9 July 2014).

[40]      These reports are available at: Department of the Environment, The Great Barrier Reef, Queensland - More Information, http://www.environment.gov.au/heritage/places/world/gbr/more-information (accessed 9 July 2014).

[41]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 17.

[42]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 7.

[43]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, pp 16–17.

[44]      The Hon Greg Hunt MP, 'Strategic assessment bolsters protection of the Great Barrier Reef', Media release, 12 August 2014, http://www.environment.gov.au/minister/hunt/2014/mr20140812.html (accessed 20 August 2014).

[45]      Department of the Environment, Strategic assessment—Great Barrier Reef, at: http://www.environment.gov.au/protection/assessments/strategic/great-barrier-reef (accessed 15 August 2014); see also Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 30.

[46]      Queensland Department of State Development, Infrastructure and Planning, Great Barrier Reef Coastal Zone Strategic Assessment 2014, Strategic Assessment Report, July 2014, Executive Summary, p. 4, http://www.dsdip.qld.gov.au/resources/report/gbr/full-report-chapters-1-5.pdf (accessed 15 August 2014).

[47]      GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Region Strategic Assessment, Strategic Assessment Report, August 2014, pp 1–9, http://elibrary.gbrmpa.gov.au/jspui/bitstream/11017/2861/1/GBR%20Region%20SA_Strategic%20Assessment%20Report_FINAL.pdf (accessed 13 August 2014); Queensland Department of State Development, Infrastructure and Planning, Great Barrier Reef Coastal Zone Strategic Assessment 2014, Strategic Assessment Report, August 2014, Executive Summary, p. 4, http://www.dsdip.qld.gov.au/resources/report/gbr/full-report-chapters-1-5.pdf (accessed 15 August 2014).

[48]      GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Region Strategic Assessment, Information Sheet, August 2014, p. 2, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/180457/GBRMPA_InfoSheet_StrategicAssessment.pdf (accessed 15 August 2014).

[49]      The Hon Greg Hunt MP, Minister for the Environment, 'Strategic assessment bolsters protection of the Great Barrier Reef', Media release, 12 August 2014, http://www.environment.gov.au/minister/hunt/2014/mr20140812.html (accessed 20 August 2014).

[50]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, pp 30–31; see also Department of the Environment, Strategic assessment—Great Barrier Reef, at: http://www.environment.gov.au/protection/assessments/strategic/great-barrier-reef (accessed 15 August 2014).

[51]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, pp 8, 31; see also Department of the Environment, About the Reef 2050 Plan, http://www.environment.gov.au/marine/gbr/reef2050 (accessed 7 August 2014).

[52]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 31.

[53]      Department of Environment, Reef Trust—Frequently asked questions, p. 1, http://www.environment.gov.au/system/files/pages/e40fbc03-3d32-4116-b7bf-fcad4702b2b4/files/reef-trust-faqs.pdf (accessed 14 August 2014); see also Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 32.

[54]      Department of the Environment, Reef Trust—Frequently asked questions, pp 1–2; see also Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 32.

[55]      Department of the Environment, Reef Trust—Frequently asked questions, p. 1.

[56]      GBRMPA Act, s. 54.

[57]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. v, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/media/external-links/external/outlook-report-flipbook (accessed 13 August 2014).

[58]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. vi, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/media/external-links/external/outlook-report-flipbook (accessed 13 August 2014).

[59]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, pp 17–18.

[60]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Reef Water Quality Protection Plan 2013: Securing the health and resilience of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area and adjacent catchments, p. 7, http://www.reefplan.qld.gov.au/about/assets/scientific-consensus-statement-2013.pdf (accessed 6 August 2014).

[61]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Reef Water Quality Protection Plan 2013: Securing the health and resilience of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area and adjacent catchments, p. 7, http://www.reefplan.qld.gov.au/about/assets/scientific-consensus-statement-2013.pdf (accessed 6 August 2014); see also Australian Government National Landcare Program, Reef Rescue 20082013, http://www.nrm.gov.au/about/key-investments/reef-rescue.html (accessed on 15 August 2014).

[62]      See Queensland Government, Reef Water Quality Protection Plan: Report Cards, http://www.reefplan.qld.gov.au/measuring-success/report-cards.aspx (accessed 2 September 2014).

[63]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, pp 27–28; see also Reef Water Quality Protection Plan Secretariat, 2013 Scientific Consensus Statement: Land use impacts on Great Barrier Reef water quality and ecosystem condition, p. 1, http://www.reefplan.qld.gov.au/about/assets/scientific-consensus-statement-2013.pdf (accessed 5 August 2014).

[64]      Reef Water Quality Protection Plan Secretariat, 2013 Scientific Consensus Statement: Land use impacts on Great Barrier Reef water quality and ecosystem condition, p. 1.

[65]      Queensland Government, Queensland Ports Strategy 2014, p. 1, http://www.dsdip.qld.gov.au/infrastructure-and-planning/queensland-ports-strategy.html  (accessed 8 July 2014).

[66]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 14.

[67]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, pp 17 and 31; Australian Maritime Safety Authority, North-East Shipping Management Plan, http://www.amsa.gov.au/community/consultation/nesm-consultation.asp (accessed 31 July 2014).

[68]      Department of the Environment, Independent review of the Port of Gladstone, July 2013, at: http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/marine/great-barrier-reef/port-gladstone-review  (accessed 27 June 2014).

[69]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 24.

[70]      See further Department of the Environment, Gladstone Bund Wall Review, May 2014, http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/marine/gbr/gladstone-bund-wall-review (accessed 6 August 2014); and also Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 24.

[71]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 24.

[72]      GBRMPA, Biodiversity Conservation Strategy 2013, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/about-the-reef/biodiversity/biodiversity-conservation-strategy-2013 (accessed 9 July 2014) and see also GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Biodiversity Conservation Strategy 2013, p. 18.

[73]      GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Biodiversity Conservation Strategy 2013, p. 18.

[74]      Senate Environment and Communications Legislation Committee, Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Amendment (Great Barrier Reef) Bill 2013, June 2013, pp 44–46, http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Environment_and_Communications/Completed_inquiries/2010-13/greatbarrierreef2013/report/index (accessed 6 August 2014).

Chapter 3 - The Science: Health of the Great Barrier Reef

[1]        GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. vi.

[2]        See, for example, Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg and contributing authors (Professor Hoegh-Guldberg), Submission 6, p. 3; AIMS, Submission 36, p. 1; Professor John Pandolfi, Councillor and Past President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 5; Mr Anthony Brown, President, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 9; Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 29; Mr Tony Fontes, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 1; see also De'ath, Glenn et al, 'The 27‑year decline of coral cover on the Great Barrier Reef and its causes', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(44), pp 17995–17999, http://www.pnas.org/content/109/44/17995.full (accessed 30 July 2014).

[3]        Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 2.

[4]        Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 5.

[5]        Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 6.

[6]        GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. v and see also p. 69; see also Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 25.

[7]        CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 1; Mr Josh Coates, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 10.

[8]        Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 13.

[9]        See, for example, Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 6; Professor John Pandolfi, Councillor and Past President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 2; Mr Tony Brown, President, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, pp 9 and 14.

[10]      Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 6.

[11]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. v.

[12]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 6 and Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 10; Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 8; Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 30; Mr Anthony Brown, President, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 14.

[13]      Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 8; see also, for example, Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 5.

[14]      Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 10.

[15]      See, for example, Mr Colin McKenzie, Executive Director, Association of Marine Park Tourism Operators, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, pp 37–38; Professor Ove Hoegh‑Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 6 and Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 10.

[16]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 9.

[17]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. v.

[18]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 264; see also Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 1.

[19]      AIMS, Submission 36, p. 1; Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 18.

[20]      Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 20; see also Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 26.

[21]      Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 2.

[22]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 3.

[23]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 3; Professor Ove Hoegh‑Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 12; Property Rights Australia, Submission 9, p. 1; Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 8; see also De'ath, Glenn et al, 'The 27-year decline of coral cover on the Great Barrier Reef and its causes', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(44), pp 17995–17999.

[24]      Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 4; see also, for example, Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 23.

[25]      See, for example, CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 3; Mr Josh Coates, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 10.

[26]      Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 10.

[27]      Professor John Pandolfi, Councillor and Past President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 6.

[28]      Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 22.

[29]      Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 22.

[30]      See, for example, Professor John Pandolfi, Councillor and Past President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 5; Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 8; Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 29; CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 3.

[31]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 3; see also Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 5; and Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 8 and 10.

[32]      Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 8.

[33]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 3.

[34]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. v.

[35]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 243.

[36]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 243.

[37]      Dr Chris McGrath, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 1.

[38]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 3; see also, for example, Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p.  25; Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 29.

[39]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. v.

[40]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. v.

[41]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 7.

[42]      Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 29.

[43]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 7.

[44]      Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 10.

[45]      Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 10.

[46]      Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 10.

[47]      Professor John Pandolfi, Councillor and Past President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 5.

[48]      Dr Chris McGrath, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 1 and Submission 32, p. 2.

[49]      Dr Chris McGrath, Submission 32, p. 1.

[50]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 8.

[51]      Dr Chris McGrath, Submission 32, p. 3.

[52]      Dr Chris McGrath, Submission 32, p. 4 and Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 2.

[53]      Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 8.

[54]      Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 29; see also, for example, NQCC, Submission 30, p. 3.

[55]      Mr Michael Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 32 and see also p. 35.

[56]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. v.

[57]      Dr Chris McGrath, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 4.

[58]      Professor John Pandolfi, Councillor and Past President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 5.

[59]      Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 5.

[60]      See, for example, Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 8; Professor Barbara Norman, Submission 49, pp 2–3; Ms Margaret Moorhouse, Spokesperson, Alliance to Save Hinchinbrook, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 11.

[61]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, pp 48–49; see also Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, pp 53–54.

[62]      Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 29.

[63]      Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 6.

[64]      Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 6.

[65]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 3.

[66]      Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 12.

[67]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 27; see also Dr Sue Pillans, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p.11.

[68]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 27.

[69]      Australian Coral Reef Society, Submission 8, p. 2.

[70]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 4; see also p. 2 and Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 13.

[71]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 7.

[72]      AIMS, Submission 36, p. 3.

[73]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 4; see also p. 2 and Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 13.

[74]      AIMS, Submission 36, p. 4; see also Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 9.

[75]      Mr Dean Knudson, First Assistant Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 55.

[76]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 28; see also Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, 21 July 2014, p. 54.

[77]      See, for example, Mrs Jan Claxton, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 3; Mr Allen Grundy, Director, Southern Cross Sailing Adventures, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 41; see also GBRMPA, Eye on the Reef program, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/managing-the-reef/how-the-reefs-managed/eye-on-the-reef (accessed 20 August 2014).

[78]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 202.

[79]      AIMS, Annual Report 2012–13, pp 55, 77 and 131.

[80]      AIMS, Submission 36, p. 1.

[81]      Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 18.

[82]      Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 24; see also Mr John Gunn, Chief Executive Officer, AIMS, Senate Environment and Communications Committee Estimates Hansard, 2 June 2014, pp 64– 65.

[83]      Ms Wendy Tubman, Coordinator, NQCC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 1; see also NQCC, Submission 30, p. 4.

[84]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. vi.

[85]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 37.

[86]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 4.

[87]      AgForce Queensland, Submission 14, p. 5 and see also pp 9–10 and Mr Charles Burke, Chief Executive Officer, AgForce Queensland, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 38.

[88]      Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 9.

[89]      Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 19.

[90]      AIMS, Submission 36, p. 2; see also Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 19.

[91]      AIMS, Submission 36, p. 3; see also Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 19.

[92]      AIMS, Submission 36, p. 3; see also Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 19.

[93]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 27.

[94]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 27; see also GBRMPA, Scientific Information Needs for the Management of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park 2009–2014, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0019/3376/GBRMPA_Scientific_Information_Needs.pdf (accessed 6 August 2014).

[95]      See, for example, Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 15; AgForce, Submission 14, p. 7; Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 8; Whitsunday Residents Against Dumping, Submission 39, p. 3; Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 9; Ms Wendy Tubman, NQCC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 1.

[96]      See, for example, WWF-Australia and  AMCS, Submission 23, p. 12; Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 9; Arabon Seafoods, Submission 44, p. 2; Ms Wendy Tubman, Coordinator, NQCC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 1; Ms Suzanne Arnold, Coordinator, Australians for Animals, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 48.

[97]      AIMS, Submission 36, p. 3; see also Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 20.

[98]      AIMS, Submission 36, p. 3; see also Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 20.

[99]      Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, 21 July 2014, p. 22.

[100]    See, for example, AgForce, Submission 14, p. 17; NQCC, Submission 30, p. 4; Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 9; Ms Wendy Tubman, Coordinator, NQCC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 1.

[101]    Ms Felicity Wishart, Great Barrier Reef Campaign Director, Australian Marine Conservation Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 20.

[102]    Professor John Pandolfi, Councillor and Past President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 2.

[103]    Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 9.

[104]    Mr Geoff McPherson, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 42.

[105]    Mr Geoff McPherson, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 41.

[106]    See, for example, Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 15; Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, pp 12–14; Mr Michael Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 30.

[107]    Ports Australia, Submission 11, p. 2.

[108]    Mr Chris McCombe, Assistant Director, Environmental Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 31.

[109]    GBRMP Act, ss 7A(3)(b), s. 3AB and s. 3.

[110]    Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 5.

[111]    Ports Australia, Submission 11, p. 2.

[112]    Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 15.

[113]    See, for example, Australian Coral Reef Society, Submission 8, p. 3; Carefish, Submission 16, p. 3; CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 9; Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland, Submission 33, p. 3; Association of Marine Park Tourism Operators Pty Ltd (AMPTO), Submission 41, p. 3; Save the Reef, Submission 50, p. 11;  Ms Margaret Moorhouse, Spokesperson, Alliance to Save Hinchinbrook, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 11; Mr Colin McKenzie, Executive Director, Association of Marine Park Tourism Operators, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 36.

[114]    See, for example, CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 7; NQCC, Submission 30, p. 4; Whitsunday Residents Against Dumping, Submission 39, pp 3–4.

[115]    Department of the Environment, Answers to written questions on notice of 1 August 2014, p. 4.

[116]    See, for example, NQCC, Submission 30, p. 4; Ms Ellen Roberts, Coordinator, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 15.

[117]    Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 5.

[118]    WWF-Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 13.

Chapter 4 - The impact of land-based activity on the health of the reef

[1]        GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 255.

[2]        GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, pp 170–171, 255; Reef Water Quality Protection Plan Secretariat, 2013 Scientific Consensus Statement: Land use impacts on Great Barrier Reef water quality and ecosystem condition, p. 1, http://www.reefplan.qld.gov.au/about/assets/scientific-consensus-statement-2013.pdf (accessed 5 August 2014).

[3]        Australian and Queensland Governments, Reef Water Quality Protection Plan 2013: Securing the health and resilience of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area and adjacent catchments, p. 6, http://www.reefplan.qld.gov.au/resources/assets/reef-plan-2013.pdf (accessed 25 August 2014); see also GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 168; and Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 3.

[4]        GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 52; see also Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 3.

[5]        GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, pp 63–64; see also Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 3; Mr Brian Bycroft, Submission 3, p. 4; Mr David Arthur, Submission 26, p. 3.

[6]        GBRMPA, Queensland Agriculture, Resources and Environment Committee 2012 Inquiry into Queensland Agriculture and Resource Industries, Submission 28, p. 3, http://www.parliament.qld.gov.au/documents/committees/AREC/2012/QldARIndustries/submissions/28-GBRMPA.pdf (accessed 5 August 2014). See also, Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, p. 16; see also World Heritage Committee, Mission Report of the Reactive Monitoring Mission to Great Barrier Reef 6th to 14th March 2012, June 2012, p. 41, http://whc.unesco.org/document/117104 (accessed 7 August 2014).

[7]        Reef Water Quality Protection Plan Secretariat, 2013 Scientific Consensus Statement: Land use impacts on Great Barrier Reef water quality and ecosystem condition, p. 1, http://www.reefplan.qld.gov.au/about/assets/scientific-consensus-statement-2013.pdf (accessed 5 August 2014). See also GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 170–171.

[8]        Fertilizer Australia, Submission 22, Attachment, p. 9: Fertilizer Industry Federation of Australia and the Australian Fertiliser Services Association, Fertcare, 2012 (Fertcare).

[9]        Fertilizer Australia, Submission 22, Attachment, p. 9: Fertcare.

[10]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 3.

[11]      Mr David Arthur, Submission 26, p. 12: Appendix 2, Professor Terry Hughes, 'Crown of Thorns is a symptom of reef decline: let’s address the cause', The Conversation, 3 October 2012, http://theconversation.com/crown-of-thorns-is-a-symptom-of-reef-decline-lets-address-the-cause-9932.

[12]      Professor John Pandolfi, Councillor and Past President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 5; see also Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, Australian Institute of Marine Science, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 22.

[13]      Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 13.

[14]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 174.

[15]      Dr Matthew Landos, Director, Frenchs Forest Veterinary Surgery; Honorary Lecturer and Associate Researcher, Sydney University Faculty of Veterinary Science, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 57; Frog Safe Inc, Submission 60, pp 2–3.

[16]      Dr Matthew Landos, Director, Frenchs Forest Veterinary Surgery; Honorary Lecturer and Associate Researcher, Sydney University Faculty of Veterinary Science, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 57.

[17]      Frog Safe Inc, Submission 60, p. 3.

[18]      CropLife Australia Ltd, Submission 21, p. 1.

[19]      CropLife Australia Ltd, Submission 21, p. 1.

[20]      CropLife Australia Ltd, Submission 21, pp 2–4.

[21]      CropLife Australia Ltd, Submission 21, p. 4.

[22]      AgForce Queensland, Submission 14, p. 6.

[23]      AgForce Queensland, Submission 14, p. 6; see also Mr Charles Burke, Chief Executive Officer, AgForce Queensland, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 39.

[24]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 59. See also World Heritage Committee, Mission Report of the Reactive Monitoring Mission to Great Barrier Reef 6th to 14th March 2012, June 2012, p. 26, http://whc.unesco.org/document/117104 (accessed 7 August 2014).

[25]      Mr David Arthur, Submission 26, p. 4.

[26]      Capricorn Conservation Council, Submission 27, p. 9.

[27]      WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 9; Alliance to Save Hinchinbrook, Submission 37, p. 2; Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, Attachment 5, pp 10, 43: WWF-Australia and Australian Marine Conservation Society, 'Report to UNESCO World Heritage Committee: Status of Implementation of recommendations in World Heritage Committee Decision 36 COM 7B.8 and 37 COM 7B.10, Great Barrier Reef (Australia) and the March 2012 Reactive Monitoring Mission', 30 January 2014 (WWF and AMCS report to WHC) and Environmental Defenders Office (Qld), 'Legislative Protection of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area, Australia' (EDO analysis), Appendix 5 to WWF and AMCS report to WHC. See also EDO Qld and EDO NQ Submission on the Draft Coastal Zone Strategic Assessment Report, p. 7, http://www.edoqld.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/2014-01-31-EDO-Qld-and-EDO-NQ-Joint-Submission-on-the-Draft-GBR-Coastal-Zone-SA-Program-Report.pdf (accessed 7 August 2014); Capricorn Conservation Council, Submission 27, p. 2.

[28]      Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, Attachment 5, pp 10, 50: WWF and AMCS report to WHC and EDO analysis. See also, WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 9; EDO Qld and EDO NQ Submission on the Draft Coastal Zone Strategic Assessment Report, p. 14, http://www.edoqld.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/2014-01-31-EDO-Qld-and-EDO-NQ-Joint-Submission-on-the-Draft-GBR-Coastal-Zone-SA-Program-Report.pdf (accessed 7 August 2014).

[29]      Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, p. 6; WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 9; Alliance to Save Hinchinbrook, Submission 37, p. 2.

[30]      Mr David Arthur, Submission 26, p. 4.

[31]      Professor Terry Hughes, Director, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 29; Mr David Arthur, Submission 26, p. 10: Appendix 2, Professor Terry Hughes, 'Crown of Thorns is a symptom of reef decline: let’s address the cause ', The Conversation, 3 October 2012, http://theconversation.com/crown-of-thorns-is-a-symptom-of-reef-decline-lets-address-the-cause-9932.

[32]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 8.

[33]      The Hon Greg Hunt and the Hon Warren Entsch, Media Release, '250,000 crown-of-thorns starfish culled', 22 April 2014, http://www.environment.gov.au/minister/hunt/2014/pubs/mr20140422.pdf (accessed 15 August 2014). See also Shipping Australia Limited, Submission 3, p. 4.

[34]      Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, Australian Institute of Marine Science, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 21–22.

[35]      Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 13. See also Mr David Arthur, Submission 26, p. 12: Appendix 2, Professor Terry Hughes, 'Crown of Thorns is a symptom of reef decline: let’s address the cause ', The Conversation, 3 October 2012, http://theconversation.com/crown-of-thorns-is-a-symptom-of-reef-decline-lets-address-the-cause-9932.

[36]      Reef Water Quality Protection Plan Secretariat, 2013 Scientific Consensus Statement: Land use impacts on Great Barrier Reef water quality and ecosystem condition, p. 1, http://www.reefplan.qld.gov.au/about/assets/scientific-consensus-statement-2013.pdf (accessed 5 August 2014).

[37]      Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, p. 2; North Queensland Conservation Council, Submission 30, p. 2; Whitsunday Residents Against Dumping, Submission 39, p. 2. See also Capricorn Conservation Council, Submission 27, p. 18; Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland, Submission 33, p. 3; Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 4; Mr Tony Fontes, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 4; Mrs Marie Vitelli, Policy Officer, AgForce Queensland, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 40; Ms Ellen Roberts, Co-ordinator, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 20; Mr Michael McCabe, Coordinator, Capricorn Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 35.

[38]      Fertilizer Australia Inc, Submission 22, p. 2.

[39]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 50. See also WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 7; World Heritage Committee, Mission Report of the Reactive Monitoring Mission to Great Barrier Reef 6th to 14th March 2012, June 2012, p. 41, http://whc.unesco.org/document/117104 (accessed 7 August 2014).

[40]      Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, Attachment 5, p. 45: EDO analysis. See also WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 8; Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, Attachment 5, pp 8, 44: WWF and AMCS report to WHC and EDO analysis; EDO Qld and EDO NQ Submission on the Draft Coastal Zone Strategic Assessment Report, p. 9, http://www.edoqld.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/2014-01-31-EDO-Qld-and-EDO-NQ-Joint-Submission-on-the-Draft-GBR-Coastal-Zone-SA-Program-Report.pdf (accessed 7 August 2014).

[41]      The Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland, Submission 33, p. 3.

[42]      Australian Institute of Marine Science, Submission 36, p. 2.

[43]      Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 16. See also Mrs Marie Vitelli, Policy Officer, AgForce Queensland, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 43.

[44]      The Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland, Submission 33, p. 3. See also Australian Institute of Marine Science, Submission 36, p. 4.

[45]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Reef Water Quality Protection Plan 2013: Securing the health and resilience of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area and adjacent catchments, p. 20, http://www.reefplan.qld.gov.au/resources/assets/reef-plan-2013.pdf (accessed 6 August 2014).

[46]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Reef Water Quality Protection Plan 2013: Securing the health and resilience of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area and adjacent catchments, p. 20, http://www.reefplan.qld.gov.au/resources/assets/reef-plan-2013.pdf (accessed 6 August 2014).

[47]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 18.

[48]      Brian Bycroft, Submission 3, p. 1. See also Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, Tenth meeting, Nagoya, Japan, 18–29 October, Item 4.2 of the provisional agenda, UNEP/CBD/COP/10/9 18 July 2010, Target 8, p. 5.

[49]      Brian Bycroft, Submission 3, pp 1–2; WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 7. See also Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, Attachment 5, p. 6: WWF and AMCS report to WHC; WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 7.

[50]       Brian Bycroft, Submission 3, pp 1–3.

[51]      Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, Attachment 5, p. 8: WWF and AMCS report to WHC.

[52]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 9; Australian Coral Reef Society, Submission 8, p. 1; WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 8; see also, Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, Attachment 5, p. 8: WWF and AMCS report to WHC; Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, pp 8, 18.

[53]      Australian Coral Reef Society, Submission 8, p. 1; Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, Attachment 5, p. 10: WWF and AMCS report to WHC.

[54]      Australian Coral Reef Society, Submission 8, p. 1; Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 5.

[55]      World Heritage Committee, Mission Report of the Reactive Monitoring Mission to Great Barrier Reef 6th to 14th March 2012, June 2012, p. 4, http://whc.unesco.org/document/117104 (accessed 7 August 2014).

[56]      Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, Attachment 5, p. 9: WWF and AMCS report to WHC.

[57]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 9.

[58]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 33; see also Department of the Environment, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 21 July 2014, p. 6.

[59]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 55.

[60]      Shipping Australia Limited, Submission 3, p. 6; Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 32; Mackay Conservation Group, Submission 42, p. 53; Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 55; Ms Ellen Roberts, Co-ordinator, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, pp 20–21.

[61]      Mackay Conservation Group, Submission 42, p. 53; see also Ms Ellen Roberts, Co-ordinator, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, pp 20–21.

[62]      WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 8.

[63]      GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Region Strategic Assessment, Strategic Assessment Report, August 2014, p. 12–10, http://elibrary.gbrmpa.gov.au/jspui/bitstream/11017/2861/1/GBR%20Region%20SA_Strategic%20Assessment%20Report_FINAL.pdf (accessed 13 August 2014).

[64]      Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, p. 2; Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, Attachment 3, pp 5, 7.

[65]      Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, pp 2–3.

[66]      Property Rights Australia, Submission 9, pp 2–3.

[67]      See, for example, Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, p. 2; North Queensland Conservation Council, Submission 30, pp 2–3; Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, Attachment 5, pp 45–46: EDO analysis.

[68]      Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, p. 2.

[69]      Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, Attachment 5, pp 45–46: EDO analysis. See also EDO Qld and EDO NQ Submission on the Draft Coastal Zone Strategic Assessment Report, p. 9, http://www.edoqld.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/2014-01-31-EDO-Qld-and-EDO-NQ-Joint-Submission-on-the-Draft-GBR-Coastal-Zone-SA-Program-Report.pdf (accessed 7 August 2014).

[70]      Mr Charles Burke, Chief Executive Officer, AgForce Queensland, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 40, 42.

[71]      AgForce Queensland, Submission 14, p. 5. See also Mr Charles Burke, Chief Executive Officer, AgForce Queensland, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 38.

[72]      AgForce Queensland, Submission 14, p. 7. See also Mr Charles Burke, Chief Executive Officer, AgForce Queensland, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 39.

[73]      Reef Water Quality Protection Plan Secretariat, 2013 Scientific Consensus Statement: Land use impacts on Great Barrier Reef water quality and ecosystem condition, p. 1, http://www.reefplan.qld.gov.au/about/assets/scientific-consensus-statement-2013.pdf (accessed 5 August 2014).

[74]      Fertilizer Australia, Submission 22, p. 2.

[75]      Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, p. 6.

[76]      Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, p. 11.

[77]      Professor Peter John Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 5.

[78]      WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 15.

[79]      World Heritage Committee, Mission Report of the Reactive Monitoring Mission to Great Barrier Reef 6th to 14th March 2012, June 2012, pp 4, 8, http://whc.unesco.org/document/117104 (accessed 7 August 2014).

[80]      Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, pp 5–6; see also GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 152.

[81]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, pp 25–26.

[82]      World Heritage Committee, Mission Report of the Reactive Monitoring Mission to Great Barrier Reef 6th to 14th March 2012, June 2012, p. 42, http://whc.unesco.org/document/117104 (accessed 7 August 2014).

[83]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 168.

[84]      WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 10; Capricorn Conservation Council, Submission 27, pp 19–20; see also Save the Reef, Submission 50, p. 10.

[85]      Capricorn Conservation Council, Submission 27, p. 20; see also WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 10.

[86]      WWF-Australia, Submission 24, pp 2–4.

[87]      WWF-Australia, Submission 24, p. 4.

[88]      WWF-Australia, Submission 24, p. 4.

[89]      WWF-Australia, Submission 24, p. 11.

[90]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 25; see also Queensland Government, Answers to written questions on notice, pp 35‑36.

[91]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 25.

[92]      WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 10.

[93]      Capricorn Conservation Council, Submission 27, p. 20.

[94]      Save the Reef, Submission 50, p. 10.

[95]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 26. See also Queensland Department of Natural Resources and Mines, Abandoned Mines Land Program, http://mines.industry.qld.gov.au/safety-and-health/abandoned-mine-lands-program.htm.

[96]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 26.

[97]      North Queensland Conservation Council, Submission 30, p. 3.

[98]      WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, pp 10–11. See also Capricorn Conservation Council, Submission 27, p. 19.

[99]      North Queensland Conservation Council, Submission 30, p. 3.

[100]    Whitsunday Residents Against Dumping, Submission 39, p. 2.

[101]    Property Rights Australia, Submission 9, p. 4.

[102]    General Electric, Submission 29, p. 1.

[103]    General Electric, Submission 29, p. 2.

[104]    General Electric, Submission 29, p. 2.

[105]    Alliance to Save Hinchinbrook, Submission 37, Supplement 3, Attachment 2, p. 5.

[106]    Alliance to Save Hinchinbrook, Submission 37, Supplement 3, Attachment 2, p. 9.

[107]    Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, pp 2–3.

[108]    Capricorn Conservation Council, Submission 27, p. 18.

[109]    Capricorn Conservation Council, Submission 27, p. 2.

[110]    GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 166.

[111]    See GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 166; WWF-Australia and Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, pp 14–15; Capricorn Conservation Council, Submission 27, p. 19; see also Keppel and Fitzroy Delta Alliance, Submission 40, p. 1.

[112]    Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, Attachment 5, p. 46: EDO analysis. See also EDO Qld and EDO NQ Submission on the Draft Coastal Zone Strategic Assessment Report, p. 10, http://www.edoqld.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/2014-01-31-EDO-Qld-and-EDO-NQ-Joint-Submission-on-the-Draft-GBR-Coastal-Zone-SA-Program-Report.pdf (accessed 7 August 2014).

[113]    Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, p. 5.

[114]    GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 166.

[115]    WWF-Australia and Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, pp 14–15.

[116]    Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, Attachment 5, p. 47: EDO analysis. See also EDO Qld and EDO NQ Submission on the Draft Coastal Zone Strategic Assessment Report, p. 11, http://www.edoqld.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/2014-01-31-EDO-Qld-and-EDO-NQ-Joint-Submission-on-the-Draft-GBR-Coastal-Zone-SA-Program-Report.pdf (accessed 7 August 2014).

Chapter 5 - Managing ports in the Great Barrier Reef region

[1]        Term of reference (a).

[2]        See, for example, Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, pp 1 and 2; CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 3; Ms Felicity Wishart, Great Barrier Reef Campaign Director, Australian Marine Conservation Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 15; Mr Richard Leck, National Manager, Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development, WWF-Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 18.

[3]        Mr Richard Leck, National Manager, Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development, WWF-Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 18.

[4]        Declaration by concerned scientists on industrial development of the Great Barrier Reef coast, June 2013, p. 1, http://www.australiancoralreefsociety.org/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=fbae2bca-0dc2-41e3-b4b3-16a269ad8e5d&groupId=10136 (accessed 7 August 2014); referred to, for example, by Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 5; CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 3; Mr Tony Brown, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 9.

[5]        Declaration by concerned scientists on industrial development of the Great Barrier Reef coast, June 2013, p. 1.

[6]        Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, pp 1 and 2.

[7]        Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 10.

[8]        Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 30.

[9]        See, for example, Mr Chris McCombe, Assistant Director, Environmental Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 31; Ports Australia, Submission 11, p. 2; Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 3.

[10]      Ports Australia, Submission 11, p. 2; see also Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, p. 7.

[11]      Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 23 and 27.

[12]      Mr Chris McCombe, Assistant Director, Environmental Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 31; see also Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, pp 7 and 8.

[13]      Ports Australia, Submission 11, p. 3 and see also Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 22.

[14]      Ports North, Submission 12, p. 1.

[15]      Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 3.

[16]      See, for example, Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 4; Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, p. 5.

[17]      Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 52.

[18]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. vi.

[19]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 205.

[20]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 129; see also GBRMPA, Ports and Shipping Information Sheet: Ports in the Great Barrier Reef, p. 2, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/28809/Ports-in-the-Great-Barrier-Reef.pdf  (accessed 11 July 2014).

[21]      Ports Australia, Submission 11, p. 1.

[22]      Ports Australia, Submission 11, Attachment 1, p. 59; see also Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 2.

[23]      Ports Australia, Submission 11, p. 3 and Attachment 1; see also Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 22.

[24]      Mr Michael Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 30; see also Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, p. 5; Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 22.

[25]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 129.

[26]      Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 1.

[27]      Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 1.

[28]      Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 2.

[29]      Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 3.

[30]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 129; see also GBRMPA, Answers to questions taken on notice at hearing on 21 July 2014, pp 11–12, 14–15; GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Region Strategic Assessment, Strategic Assessment Report, August 2013, p. 5–24.

[31]      Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 24.

[32]      Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, p. 7; see also Mr Thomas Kaveney, Environmental Policy Advisor, Queensland Ports Association, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 26.

[33]      Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 2.

[34]      Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 6.

[35]      WWF-Australia and AMCS; Submission 23, p. 2; see also Mr Richard Leck, National Manager, Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development, WWF-Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 21; Mr Michael McCabe, Coordinator, Capricorn Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 33; Ms Ginny Gerlach, Director and Coordinator, Keppel and Fitzroy Delta Alliance, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 38; Mr Allen Grundy, Director, Southern Cross Sailing Adventures, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 42.

[36]      GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Region Strategic Assessment: Strategic Assessment Report, August 2014, p. 5–24. Note that capacity issues at Abbot Point are discussed further in the next chapter.

[37]      Mr Michael Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 32 and 34.

[38]      Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 25.

[39]      Mr Thomas Kaveney, Environmental Policy Advisor, Queensland Ports Association, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 25.

[40]      Department of the Environment, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 12.

[41]      Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 26.

[42]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 21.

[43]      GBRMPA, Ports and Shipping Information Sheet: Ports—challenges for the Great Barrier Reef, p. 4, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0019/28810/Ports-challenges-for-the-Great-Barrier-Reef.pdf (accessed 11 July 2014); see also GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 129.

[44]      Glencore Xstrata, 'Glencore Xstrata relinquishes Balaclava Island Coal Export Terminal (BICET) development', Media release, 13 May 2013, http://www.glencore.com/assets/Uploads/media/glencore/2013/20130513-GlencoreXstrata-relinquishes-Balaclava-Island-Coal-Export-Terminal-development.pdf  (accessed 10 July 2014); see also Mr Dean Knudson, First Assistant Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 51.

[45]      See Term of Reference (1)(a)(iii)

[46]      See further, Department of the Environment, 'Fitzroy River Delta – QLD012', Directory of Important Wetlands in Australia – Information Sheet, http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/wetlands/report.pl?smode=DOIW&doiw_refcodelist=QLD012 (accessed 6 August 2014).

[47]      Ms Ginny Gerlach, Director and Coordinator, Keppel and Fitzroy Delta Alliance, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 35 and see also p. 37.

[48]      Mr Richard Leck, National Manager, Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development, WWF-Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 15 and 16; see also, for example, Mr Michael McCabe, Coordinator, Capricorn Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 33; Ms Ginny Gerlach, Director and Coordinator, Keppel and Fitzroy Delta Alliance, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, pp 35 and 37.

[49]      WWF-Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, pp 2 and 6; Capricorn Conservation Council, Submission 27, p. 13; Keppel and Fitzroy Delta Alliance, Submission 40, Attachment 1, pp 4 and 24; Ms Felicity Wishart, Great Barrier Reef Campaign Director, AMCS, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 15; Ms Ginny Gerlach, Director and Coordinator, Keppel and Fitzroy Delta Alliance, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 35.

[50]      See further EPBC Referral 2011/6069, http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=referral_detail&proposal_id=6069 (accessed 19 August 2014).

[51]      See, for example, Ms Ginny Gerlach, Director and Coordinator, Keppel and Fitzroy Delta Alliance, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 35.

[52]      See, for example, Ms Felicity Wishart, Great Barrier Reef Campaign Director, Australian Marine Conservation Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 15–16; WWF-Australia and AMCS; Submission 23, p. 6; Ms Ginny Gerlach, Director and Coordinator, Keppel and Fitzroy Delta Alliance, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 35.

[53]      Department of the Environment, Queensland Government and GBRMPA, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 21 July 2014, p. 16.

[54]      Mr Richard Leck, National Manager, Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development, WWF-Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 18–19; see also Ms Ginny Gerlach, Director and Coordinator, Keppel and Fitzroy Delta Alliance, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 36.

[55]      Ms Felicity Wishart, Great Barrier Reef Campaign Director, AMCS, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 19; see also p. 16; WWF-Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 6.

[56]      Mr Adrian Jeffreys, Executive Director, Environment Taskforce, Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage Protection and Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 61.

[57]      Queensland Government, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 29.

[58]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 15; see also Department of the Environment, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 11.

[59]      See further Department of the Environment, EPBC Referral 2011/6092, http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=referral_detail&proposal_id=6092 (accessed 15 August 2014); GBRMPA, Wongai underground coal mine project in Cape York, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/about-us/consultation/current-proposals-under-assessment/wongai-underground-coal-mine-project-in-cape-york (accessed 15 August 2014).

[60]      Mr Dean Knudson, First Assistant Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2104, p. 51; see also GBRMPA, Wongai underground coal mine project in Cape York, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/about-us/consultation/current-proposals-under-assessment/wongai-underground-coal-mine-project-in-cape-york (accessed 15 August 2014).

[61]      GBRMPA, Wongai underground coal mine project in Cape York, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/about-us/consultation/current-proposals-under-assessment/wongai-underground-coal-mine-project-in-cape-york (accessed 15 August 2014).

[62]      WWF-Australia and AMCS; Submission 23, p. 6.

[63]      Mr Josh Coates, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 10; see also CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 1.

[64]      Mr Dean Knudson, First Assistant Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 51; see also GBRMPA, Wongai underground coal mine project in Cape York, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/about-us/consultation/current-proposals-under-assessment/wongai-underground-coal-mine-project-in-cape-york (accessed 15 August 2014).

[65]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 14; see also Queensland Government, Queensland Ports Strategy 2014, http://www.dsdip.qld.gov.au/infrastructure-and-planning/queensland-ports-strategy.html  (accessed 8 July 2014).

[66]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 14.

[67]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 15.

[68]      See, for example, Mr Michael Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 31; Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, 21 July 2014, p. 23; Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 5; Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, p. 9.

[69]      Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 5; see also Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, 21 July 2014, p. 31.

[70]      Mr David Anderson, Ports Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 23.

[71]      UNESCO World Heritage Committee, Decision 38 COM 7B.63, 2014, p. 116; see also Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 7; Mr Michael Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 33.

[72]      Mr Jon Black, Director-General, Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage Protection; see also Mr Adrian Jeffreys, Executive Director, Environment Taskforce, Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage Protection,  Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 60–61.

[73]      Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 27.

[74]      WWF‑Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 2.

[75]      CAFNEC, Submission 19, pp 4–5; see also Ms Ellen Roberts, Coordinator, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 16.

[76]      CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 1; Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, p. 2; WWF and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 2; see also Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 9, 12–13.

[77]      Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 15.

[78]      CAFNEC, Submission 19, pp 12–13; Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 10; see also WWF‑Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 2; Ms Ellen Roberts, Coordinator, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 21.

[79]      Ms Felicity Wishart, Great Barrier Reef Campaign Director, AMCS, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 19; see also p. 16.

[80]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 14.

[81]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, pp 130–131. Note that noise pollution is considered further in the discussion of the impacts of shipping elsewhere in this report (although the committee acknowledges that noise pollution is not just caused by shipping).

[82]      GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Region Strategic Assessment: Strategic Assessment Report, August 2014, p. 6–29.

[83]      GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Region Strategic Assessment: Strategic Assessment Report, August 2014, p. 6–29; see also Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 7 and Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, 21 July 2014, p. 22.

[84]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 129; see also GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Region Strategic Assessment: Strategic Assessment Report, August 2014, p. 6–30.

[85]      Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 61.

[86]      GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Region Strategic Assessment: Strategic Assessment Report, August 2014, p. 6–30.

[87]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 129.

[88]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 130; see also GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Region Strategic Assessment: Strategic Assessment Report, August 2014, p. 6–29. Note that some of the exact disposal at sea volumes are yet to be determined: Department of the Environment, Queensland Government and GBRMPA, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 21 July 2014, pp 11–12.

[89]      WWF‑Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 2.

[90]      Ports Australia, Submission 11, p. 1; see also Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 22.

[91]      Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 7; see also Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, pp 11–12.

[92]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 256; see also Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 52; Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 9.

[93]      GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Region Strategic Assessment: Strategic Assessment Report, August 2014, p. 6–30; see also GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 131.

[94]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 131.

[95]      Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 3.

[96]      Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 60.

[97]      Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 27.

[98]      FJ Pollock et al, 'Sediment and Turbidity Associated with Offshore Dredging Increase Coral Disease Prevalence on Nearby Reefs', July 2014, PLoS ONE 9(7), http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0102498  (accessed 20 August 2014). Note that this study is also discussed in relation to the Abbot Point case study in the next chapter.

[99]      Professor John Pandolfi, Councillor and Past President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 2; see also for example, Mr Tony Brown, President, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 11.

[100]    Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 3.

[101]    Department of the Environment, Queensland Government and GBRMPA, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 21 July 2014, p. 1.

[102]    See, for example, Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 7; Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 22; Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, p. 11.

[103]    Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 10.

[104]    Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 7.

[105]    Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 7; see also Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 22.

[106]    Shipping Australia, Submission 3, pp 3–4.

[107]    Ports Australia, Submission 11, p. 2.

[108]    Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, 21 July 2014, pp 22 and 25.

[109]    Ports Australia, Submission 11, p. 2; see also Shipping Australia, Submission 3, pp 3–4; Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 8.

[110]    Ports Australia, Submission 11, p. 2.

[111]    Ports Australia, Submission 11, p. 3.

[112]    Mr Thomas Kaveney, Environmental Policy Advisor, Queensland Ports Association, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 24–25.

[113]    Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 29.

[114]    CAFNEC, Submission 19, pp 7 and 9; see also Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 10.

[115]    Mr Colin McKenzie, Executive Director, AMPTO, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 33; see also Mrs Jan Claxton, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 3; Mr Tony Fontes, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 4; Mr Allen Grundy, Director, Southern Cross Sailing Adventures, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 41.

[116]    Mr Colin McKenzie, Executive Director, AMTPO, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 33; see also Mrs Jan Claxton, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 3; Mr Tony Fontes, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 4; Mr Allen Grundy, Director, Southern Cross Sailing Adventures, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 41; Whitsunday Residents Against Dumping, Submission 39, pp 3–4.

[117]    Mr Tony Brown, President, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 13.

[118]    Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 54 and p. 62.

[119]    Department of the Environment, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 5.

[120]    Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 7.

[121]    Mr Tony Brown, President, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 11.

[122]    Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 7.

[123]    Ms Margaret Moorhouse, Spokesperson, Alliance to Save Hinchinbrook, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 17; see also, for example, CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 3.

[124]    Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 61.

[125]    GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 131 and see also p. 50.

[126]    GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Region Strategic Assessment: Strategic Assessment Report, August 2014, p. 6–74.

[127]    GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Region Strategic Assessment: Strategic Assessment Report, August 2013, p. 6–40.

[128]    GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Region Strategic Assessment: Strategic Assessment Report, August 2014, p. 6–30.

[129]    Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 23.

[130]    AIMS, Submission 36, p. 2; see also, for example, CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 9.

[131]    AIMS, Submission 36, p. 2; Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, pp 18–19.

[132]    Department of the Environment, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 4.

[133]    CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 5; see also, for example, Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, p. 2; Carefish, Submission 16, p. 3; Mr Tony Brown, President, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 13; Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 9.

[134]    Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 27.

[135]    Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 28.

[136]    Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 7.

[137]    Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 4.

[138]    Mr Colin McKenzie, Executive Director, Association of Marine Park Tourism Operators, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 35.

[139]    Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 6.

[140]    See, for example, Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, pp 27 and 31; Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 27; WWF-Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 3; Whitsunday Residents Against Dumping, Submission 39, p. 2.

[141]    WWF-Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 3.

[142]    Whitsunday Residents Against Dumping, Submission 39, p. 2.

[143]    Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 3.

[144]    Mr Richard Leck, National Manager, Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development, WWF-Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 21.

[145]    Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 10.

[146]    Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 8, citing SKM (2013). Improved dredged material management for the Great Barrier Reef Region. Literature Review and Cost Analysis of Landbased Dredge Material Re-use and Disposal Option. Report prepared in conjunction with Asia-Pacific Applied Science Associates for Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority.

[147]    Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 8.

[148]    Mr Thomas Kaveney, Environmental Policy Advisor, Queensland Ports Association, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 24–25.

[149]    See, for example, Dr Matt Landos, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 55; Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 9; Ms Margaret Moorhouse, Spokesperson, Alliance to Save Hinchinbrook, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 14; Mr Colin McKenzie, Executive Director, AMPTO, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 38.

[150]    Mr Simon Meyjes, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Reef Pilots, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 46.

[151]    See, for example, WWF-Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 3; CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 11; Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 26; Whitsunday Residents Against Dumping, Submission 39, p. 1.

[152]    Mr Richard Leck, National Manager, Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development, WWF-Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 15 and 18.

[153]    WWF-Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, pp 2–3.

[154]    CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 11; see also Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 10.

[155]    Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 63; Ms Carolyn Cameron, Assistant Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 63.

[156]    Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 61.

[157]    GBRMPA, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 23.

[158]    See, for example, Mackay Conservation Group, Submission 42, p. 28; Mr Peter Dallas, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, pp 17–18; Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 25.

[159]    Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 25.

[160]    Mackay Conservation Group, Submission 42, p. 28.

[161]    GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 131.

[162]    Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 52 and see also p. 60.

[163]    Queensland Government, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 33.

Chapter 6 - Port case studies: Gladstone Harbour and Abbot Point

[1]        Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 6.

[2]        Australian and Queensland Government, Submission 34, p. 21.

[3]        EPBC referral 2009/5007, http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=current_referral_detail&proposal_id=5007
(accessed 27 August 2014).

[4]        EPBC referral 2009/5008, http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=current_referral_detail&proposal_id=5008
(accessed 27 August 2014).

[5]        EPBC referral 2009/4904, http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=current_referral_detail&proposal_id=4904
(accessed 27 August 2014).

[6]        See, for example, EPBC referrals 2008/4401, 2008/4402, 2008/4405 via Department of the Environment, http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=current_referrals&limit=999999&text_search=curtis (accessed 27 August 2014); see also Mr Michael McCabe, Coordinator, Capricorn Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 31; Capricorn Conservation Council, Submission 27, p. 1.

[7]        Department of the Environment, Independent Review of the Bund Wall at the Port of Gladstone (Bund Wall Review), April 2014, p. vii, http://www.environment.gov.au/system/files/resources/82279d41-cb4d-4bae-bcc4-c068577d0d31/files/report-findings.pdf (accessed 26 August 2014); see also Ports Australia, Submission 11, Attachment 1, p. 43; Gladstone Ports Corporation, Western Basin Port Development, http://www.westernbasinportdevelopment.com.au/ (accessed 27 August 2014). Note that, under the EPBC Act, approval was given for two stages of dredging works, with the first stage involving 25 million cubic metres of dredging. For the second stage, approval has been given for 21 million cubic metres of material to be dredged, and is subject to further approval for offshore disposals: see EPBC Approval 2009/4904.

[8]        Gladstone Ports Corporation, Western Basin Dredging and Disposal Project Annual Compliance Report, November 2012, p. 6, http://www.westernbasinportdevelopment.com.au/media/pdf/WBDDP%20Annual%20Compliance%20Report%20of%20Environment%20Protection%20and%20Biodiversity%20Conservation%20Act%20(ammendme.pdf  (accessed 27 August 2014).

[9]        Bund Wall Review, p. 13.

[10]      Dr Matthew Landos, Submission 57, p. 11.

[11]      Bund Wall Review, p. 1; see also Gladstone Ports Corporation, Western Basin Port Development, http://www.westernbasinportdevelopment.com.au/ (accessed 27 August 2014).

[12]      Bund Wall Review, p. 13.

[13]      Mr Simon Whittingham, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 46; see also Independent Review of the Port of Gladstone, pp 53–55.

[14]      Department of the Environment, Independent Review of the Port of Gladstone, July 2013, p. 50, http://www.environment.gov.au/system/files/resources/ae7cbcf9-2963-47d7-9029-3aa1a065db51/files/gladstone-review-initial-report.pdf (accessed 27 August 2014).

[15]      Department of the Environment, Independent Review of the Port of Gladstone, July 2013, p. 55.

[16]      Mr Simon Whittingham, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 46.

[17]      Mr Ted Whittingham, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 47; Mr Simon Whittingham, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 50; see also Mr Terence Must, Owner, Arabon Seafoods, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, pp 23–24.

[18]      Qld Coordinator General, Western basin dredging and disposal project Coordinator-General's report for an environmental impact statement, July 2010, Conditions 20 and 21, p. 148; see also Gladstone Ports Corporation, Submission 63, p. 2; Mr Simon Whittingham, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 50.

[19]      Gladstone Ports Corporation, Submission 63, p. 2.

[20]      Falzon v Gladstone Ports Corporation [2012] QPEC 50, Planning and Environment Court of Queensland, 30 August 2012, (accessed 29 August 2014).

[21]      Dr Matthew Landos, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 54.

[22]      Ms Ginny Gerlach, Director and Coordinator, Keppel and Fitzroy Delta Alliance, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 35.

[23]      See, for example, Dr Matthew Landos, Submission 57; Dr Cary Rogers, Submission 58; Australians for Animals, Submission 52; Save the Reef, Submission 50.

[24]      WWF-Australia and Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 6; see also Independent Review of the Port of Gladstone, July 2013, pp 47–55.

[25]      Mr Michael McCabe, Coordinator, Capricorn Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, pp 31–32.

[26]      Save the Reef, Submission 50, p. 2; Ms Suzanne Arnold, Coordinator, Australians for Animals, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 46.

[27]      Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 6.

[28]      Ports Australia, Submission 11, Attachment 1, p. 48.

[29]      Independent Review of the Port of Gladstone, July 2013, p. 50; see also Ports Australia, Submission 11, pp 48-49.

[30]      Independent Review of the Port of Gladstone, July 2013, pp 50, 58; see also Ports Australia, Submission 11, pp 48-49.

[31]      Dr Matthew Landos, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 54.

[32]      Gladstone Ports Corporation, Submission 63, p. 9.

[33]      See World Heritage Committee, 'Recommendation 3', Mission Report of the Reactive Monitoring Mission to Great Barrier Reef 6th to 14th March 2012, June 2012, p. 6, http://whc.unesco.org/document/117104 (accessed 26 August 2014); see also Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 24.

[34]      Department of the Environment, Independent review of the Port of Gladstone, July 2013, at: http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/marine/great-barrier-reef/port-gladstone-review  (accessed 27 June 2014).

[35]      Department of the Environment, Independent Review of the Bund Wall at the Port of Gladstone (Bund Wall Review), May 2014, http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/marine/gbr/gladstone-bund-wall-review (accessed 6 August 2014); and also Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 24; Gladstone Ports Corporation, Submission 63, p. 6.

[36]      WWF-Australia and Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 6.

[37]      See, for example, WWF-Australia and Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 6; Save the Reef, Submission 50, p. 11; see also Dr Matthew Landos, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 53.

[38]      'That is... rainfall/cyclone events that results in much higher than average discharge for most rivers...': see Independent Review of the Port of Gladstone, July 2013, p. 43.

[39]      Independent Review of the Port of Gladstone, July 2013, p. 58; see also Ports Australia, Submission 11, p. 48; Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 6.

[40]      Independent Review of the Port of Gladstone, July 2013, p. 58.

[41]      Bund Wall Review, pp vii–viii.

[42]      Bund Wall Review, p. vii.

[43]      Ms Suzanne Arnold, Coordinator, Australians for Animals, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, pp 46–47; Australians for Animals, Submission 52, p. 1; see also Dr Matthew Landos, Submission 57, pp 2 and 27; Dr Matthew Landos, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, pp 53‑54.

[44]      Dr Matthew Landos, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 53; Dr Matthew Landos, Submission 57, p. 28.

[45]      Ms Felicity Wishart, Great Barrier Reef Campaign Director, Australian Marine Conservation Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 16.

[46]      Dr Matthew Landos, Director, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 55.

[47]      WWF-Australia and Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, pp 6–7; see also Bund Wall Review, April 2014, pp vii-viii.

[48]      Mr Simon Whittingham, Gladstone Fish Market, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 45.

[49]      Save the Reef, Submission 50, p. 12.

[50]      Mr Michael McCabe, Coordinator, Capricorn Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 32; Bund Wall Review, April 2014, pp 40–41; see also Ports Australia, Submission 11, p. 52.

[51]      Ports Australia, Submission 11, p. 52.

[52]      Mr Michael McCabe, Coordinator, Capricorn Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 32.

[53]      Dr Matthew Landos, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 53.

[54]      Dr Matthew Landos, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 53.

[55]      Bund Wall Review, Recommendation 14, pp 35–40.

[56]      ANAO, Managing Compliance with EPBC Act 1999 Conditions of Approval, http://www.anao.gov.au/Publications/Audit-Reports/2013-2014/Managing-Compliance-with-EPBC-Act-1999-Conditions-of-Approval (accessed 14 August 2014).

[57]      Mr Dean Knudson, First Assistant Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 59.

[58]      Mr Chris McCombe, Assistant Director, Environmental Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 33.

[59]      Ms Suzanne Arnold, Coordinator, Australians for Animals, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 48.

[60]      Ms Suzanne Arnold, Coordinator, Australians for Animals, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 47 and see also p. 48.

[61]      Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 28.

[62]      Dr Matthew Landos, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 55; see also Dr Matthew Landos, Submission 57, p. 2.

[63]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, pp 29–30; Gladstone Healthy Harbour Partnership, http://www.healthyharbour.org.au/ (accessed 26 August 2014).

[64]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 29; see also Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, Attachment 5: WWF-Australia and Australian Marine Conservation Society, 'Report to UNESCO World Heritage Committee: Status of Implementation of recommendations in World Heritage Committee Decision 36 COM 7B.8 and 37 COM 7B.10, Great Barrier Reef (Australia) and the March 2012 Reactive Monitoring Mission', 30 January 2014, p. 19.

[65]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 30; see also Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 20.

[66]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 30.

[67]      WWF-Australia and Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 7.

[68]      Ms Suzanne Arnold, Coordinator, Australians for Animals, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 47.

[69]      Capricorn Conservation Council, Submission 27, p. 1.

[70]      GBRMPA, Abbot Point capital dredging project, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/about-us/consultation/current-proposals-completed-assessment/abbot-point-capital-dredging-project (accessed 20 August 2014); see also North Queensland Bulk Ports, Abbot Point Port, http://www.nqbp.com.au/abbot-point/  (accessed 20 August 2014).

[71]      Queensland Department of State Development, Infrastructure and Planning, Kaili (Caley) Valley Wetlands Baseline Report, February 2012, http://www.dsdip.qld.gov.au/resources/plan/cg/abbot/baseline-profile-for-the-kail-valley-wetlands.pdf (accessed on 20 August 2014).

[72]      Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 6.

[73]      See further EPBC referral 2011/6213, http://www.environment.gov.au/epbc/notices/assessments/2011/6213/2011-6213-approval-decision.pdf (accessed 20 August 2014).

[74]      See further EPBC Referral 2011/6194, http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=current_referral_detail&proposal_id=6194 (accessed 6 August 2014) and Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, pp 22–23.

[75]      See further EPBC Referral 2011/6185, http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=current_referral_detail&proposal_id=6185 (accessed 6 August 2014).

[76]      See further EPBC Referral 2012/6250, http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=current_referral_detail&proposal_id=6250  (accessed 6 August 2014).

[77]      See further EPBC Referral 2008/4468, http://gvkhancockcoal.com/documents/Publications/Miscellaneous/Terminal%203%20EPBC%20approval%20-%20October%202012.pdf (accessed 20 August 2014); Department of the Environment, Answers to questions taken on notice at hearing on 21 July 2014, p. 4.

[78]      WWF-Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 5; see also Queensland Government, Abbot Point Expansion Project, http://www.dsdip.qld.gov.au/infrastructure-and-planning/abbot-point-expansion-project.html (accessed 20 August 2014).

[79]      See further EPBC Referral 2011/6213, http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/epbc/epbc_ap.pl?name=current_referral_detail&proposal_id=6213 (accessed 6 August 2014); and Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, pp 21–22.

[80]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 21.

[81]      Outlook Report 2014, p. 129; Queensland Government, Reef Facts, 2014, p. 8, www.reeffacts.qld.gov.au/documents/reeffacts.pdf (accessed 20 August 2014); see further EPBC referral 2011/6213, http://www.environment.gov.au/epbc/notices/assessments/2011/6213/2011-6213-approval-decision.pdf (accessed 20 August 2014).

[82]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 24.

[83]      See GBRMPA, Abbot Point Capital Dredging Project ‑ Summary of Conditions, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/about-us/consultation/current-proposals-completed-assessment/abbot-point-capital-dredging-project/summary-of-conditions (accessed 27 August 2014).

[84]      Ms Ellen Roberts, Co-ordinator, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, pp 15–16; see further Environmental Defender's Office (Queensland), Case Summary: Abbot Point dredging, http://www.edoqld.org.au/news/mcg-v-minister-for-the-environment-and-nqbp-dredging-case/ (accessed 6 August 2014).

[85]      NQCC, Submission 30, p. 1.

[86]      WWF-Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 5.

[87]      UNESCO World Heritage Committee, Decision 38 COM 7B.63, 2014, p. 117, http://whc.unesco.org/archive/2014/whc14-38com-16en.pdf (accessed 9 July 2014).

[88]      Mr Richard Leck, National Manager, Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development, WWF-Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 18; see also Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 8.

[89]      Mr Michael Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 33.

[90]      See, for example, AMPTO, Submission 41, p. 3; WWF-Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 5; Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46; Mr Anthony Brown, President, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 9; Ms Ellen Roberts, Co-ordinator, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 16; Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 27; Mr Colin McKenzie, Executive Director, Association of Marine Park Tourism Operators, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 33.

[91]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 6.

[92]      Mr Dean Knudson, First Assistant Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 63.

[93]      Mr Dean Knudson, First Assistant Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 63.

[94]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 62; see also Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 62.

[95]      Mr Tony Fontes, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 7; Mr Terence Must, Owner, Arabon Seafoods, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 26.

[96]      Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 61.

[97]      Department of the Environment, Queensland Government and GBRMPA, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 21 July 2014, p. 13.

[98]      Queensland Government, Answers to written questions notice, p. 31.

[99]      Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 1.

[100]    Arabon Seafoods, Submission 44, pp 2–3; Mr Terence Must, Owner, Arabon Seafoods, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 26.

[101]    Mr Terence Must, Owner, Arabon Seafoods, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, pp 23, 26.

[102]    Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 27.

[103]    Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, pp 1–2; Mrs Janice Claxton, Committee Member, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 6; Mr Allen Grundy, Director, Southern Cross Sailing Adventures, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 41.

[104]    Mr Colin McKenzie, Executive Director, Association of Marine Park Tourism Operators, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 33.

[105]    CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 5 and Attachment 3, p. 1; see also, for example, Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, p. 2; Carefish, Submission 16, p. 3.

[106]    Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, p. 11; see also Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 7.

[107]    Queensland Government, Reef Facts, 2014, p. 8, www.reeffacts.qld.gov.au/documents/reeffacts.pdf (accessed 20 August 2014).

[108]    GBRMPA, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 28.

[109]    Dr Matthew Landos, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 54.

[110]    Mr Anthony Brown, President, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, pp 10–11.

[111]    See, for example, Mr Jeremy Tager, Submission 18, p. 1; Mr Ted Whittingham, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 49; Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 6.

[112]    Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, pp 2–4.

[113]    Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 6.

[114]    Mrs Janice Claxton, Committee Member, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 6; see also Mr Anthony Brown, President, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 9.

[115]    Ports Australia, Submission 11, pp 11, 48, 50–51.

[116]    Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 23.

[117]    Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 27.

[118]    Mr Jon Black, Director-General, Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage Protection, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 62.

[119]    Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 29.

[120]    Ms Bronwyn Story, Manager, Great Barrier Reef Strategy, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 34.

[121]    Mr Dean Knudson, First Assistant Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 63.

[122]    Senate Environment and Communications Committee, Environmental Offsets, June 2014, Appendix 6, http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Environment_and_Communications/Environmental_Offsets/Report/index (accessed on 20 August 2014).

[123]    Department of the Environment, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 21 July 2014, p. 4.

[124]    Senate Environment and Communications References Committee, Environmental Offsets, June 2014, Appendix 6; see also Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 8; Ms Ellen Roberts, Co-ordinator, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 16; Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 6.

[125]    Senate Environment and Communications References Committee, Environmental Offsets, June 2014, Appendix 6, p. 149; Department of the Environment, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 13.

[126]    Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 27 and see also p. 29.

[127]    See, for example, Mr Jeremy Tager, Submission 18, p. 1; Arabon Seafoods, Submission 44, p. 3; Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, pp 6–7.

[128]    Mr Jeremy Tager, Submission 18, p. 1 and Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 4.

[129]    Mr Richard Leck, National Manager, Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development, WWF-Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 21.

[130]    Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 27.

[131]    Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 31.

[132]    Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 26.

[133]    See, for example, WWF-Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 5; Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, pp 6–7; Mr Tony Fontes, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 2; Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 4. See also Mr Bruce Elliot, General Manager, Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 57.

[134]    WWF-Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 5; Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 6.

[135]    Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 6; see also Mr Anthony Brown, President, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, pp 9, 12.

[136]    Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 58.

[137]    Department of the Environment, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 21 July 2014, p. 2.

[138]    Mr Bruce Elliot, General Manager, Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 57.

[139]    Mr Bruce Elliot, General Manager, Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 56.

[140]    Mr Bruce Elliot, General Manager, Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 56.

[141]    Mr Bruce Elliot, General Manager, Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 57.

[142]    Mr Bruce Elliot, General Manager, Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 57.

[143]    Mr Bruce Elliot, General Manager, Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 57.

[144]    Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 61.

[145]    Mr Kevin Murphy, Submission 55, pp 1–2; see also Tony Moore, 'New ideas for reef dredge spoil should be investigated: Queensland MP', Brisbane Times, 27 August 2014, http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/queensland/new-ideas-for-reef-dredge-spoil-should-be-investigated-queensland-mp-20140827-1090z5.html (accessed 28 August 2014).

[146]    Department of the Environment, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 13; GBRMPA, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 27.

[147]    GBRMPA, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 24.

[148]    Mr Kevin Murphy, Submission 55, p. 1.

[149]    Tony Moore, 'New ideas for reef dredge spoil should be investigated: Queensland MP', Brisbane Times, 27 August 2014, http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/queensland/new-ideas-for-reef-dredge-spoil-should-be-investigated-queensland-mp-20140827-1090z5.html (accessed 28 August 2014).

[150]    Joanna Heath, 'Great Barrier Reef dumping plans scrapped: report', Sydney Morning Herald, 2 September 2014, http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-news/great-barrier-reef-dumping-plans-scrapped-report-20140902-10b8uv.html (accessed 2 September 2014).

[151]    ABC Radio, 'Abbot Point offshore dumping looks unlikely', PM, 2 September 2014, http://www.abc.net.au/pm/content/2014/s4079498.htm (accessed 3 September 2014).

[152]    Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 25.

[153]    North Queensland Bulk Ports, Abbot Point Port, http://www.nqbp.com.au/abbot-point/ (accessed 12 August 2014).

[154]    Mr Michael Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 34.

[155]    Queensland Government, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 30.

[156]    Mr Colin McKenzie, Executive Director, Association of Marine Park Tourism Operators, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 34.

[157]    CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 7.

[158]    Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 16.

[159]    See CAFNEC, Submission 19, pp 7–8.

[160]    Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 3; see also Dr Charlie Veron, former Chief Scientist, AIMS, 'The Battle for the Barrier Reef', Four Corners, 18 August 2014, ABC transcript, http://www.abc.net.au/4corners/stories/2014/08/18/4067593.htm (accessed 21 August 2014).

[161]    Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 6.

[162]    See, for example, Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, p. 3; CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 7; North Queensland Conservation Council, Submission 30, p. 3.

[163]    North Queensland Conservation Council, Submission 30, p. 3.

[164]    North Queensland Conservation Council, Submission 30, p. 3.

[165]    Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, p. 3; CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 8.

[166]    CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 7.

[167]    Ms Felicity Wishart, Great Barrier Reef Campaign Director, Australian Marine Conservation Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 15.

[168]    Ms Felicity Wishart, Great Barrier Reef Campaign Director, Australian Marine Conservation Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 20.

[169]    CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 13.

[170]    Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 1.

[171]    See, for example, CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 7; NQCC, Submission 30, p. 4; Whitsunday Residents Against Dumping, Submission 39, pp 3–4.

[172]    Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 4; see also Mr Thomas Kaveney, Environmental Policy Advisor, Queensland Ports Association, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 28 and Mr Michael Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 30. Note that the cumulative impact assessment is available at: http://www.nqbp.com.au/abbot-point/ (accessed 8 August 2014).

[173]    Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, pp 6–7; see also Mr Thomas Kaveney, Environmental Policy Advisor, Queensland Ports Association, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 28.

[174]    WWF-Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 5.

[175]    Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 6.

[176]    Arabon Seafoods, Submission 44, pp 4–5.

[177]    Arabon Seafoods, Submission 44, p. 2.

[178]    Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 27; see also Mr Anthony Brown, President, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 9.

Chapter 7 - Management of shipping in the Great Barrier Reef

[1]        Note that there is a range of shipping occurring in the Great Barrier Reef region. The terms of reference for this inquiry refer to 'industrial' shipping, hence that is the focus in this chapter where possible, although it is noted that not all evidence made this distinction.

[2]        GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, pp 135–136; see also graph in GBRMPA, 'Shipping – challenges for the Great Barrier Reef', Ports and Shipping Information Sheet, p. 3; WWF‑Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 3. All these forecasts cite PGM Environment, Great Barrier Reef Shipping: Review of Environmental Implications, December 2012, http://www.environment.gov.au/system/files/pages/884f8778-caa4-4bd9-b370-318518827db6/files/23qrc-doc3.pdf (accessed 31 July 2014).

[3]        GBRMPA, 'Shipping – challenges for the Great Barrier Reef', Ports and Shipping Information Sheet, p. 1.

[4]        Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 9; see also Mr Michael Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 30 and 35.

[5]        WWF-Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 3.

[6]        Mr Michael Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 35.

[7]        Mr Michael Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 35, referring to Queensland Resources Council, Working alongside the Great Barrier Reef, 2013.

[8]        See, for example, Capricorn Conservation Council, Submission 27, p. 19, citing Greenpeace, Boom Goes the Reef: Australia's coal export boom and the industrialisation of the Great Barrier Reef, March 2012, p. 4,http://www.greenpeace.org/australia/Global/australia/reports/Boom_goes_the_Reef_Report_4MB.pdf (accessed 1 August 2014).

[9]        Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 9; Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, p. 14; citing Braemar Seascope (2013) North Queensland Ship Traffic Growth Study Supplementary Report, March 2013, Prepared for Australian Maritime Safety Authority, available at: http://www.amsa.gov.au/community/consultation/nesm-consultation.asp (31 July 2014); see also Mr Michael Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 30; Mr David Rynne, Director, Economic and Infrastructure Policy, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 36–37.

[10]      Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 9.

[11]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 135; see also GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Region Strategic assessment, Strategic Assessment Report, August 2013, p. 5–29; see also Ms Wendy Tubman, Coordinator, North Queensland Conservation Council (NQCC), Committee Hansard, 15 August 2014, p. 2.

[12]      Mackay Conservation Group, Submission 42, p. 43.

[13]      GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Region Strategic Assessment, Strategic Assessment Report, August 2013, p. 5–29.

[14]      Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 23–24; see also Mr Tom Kaveney, Environmental Policy Advisor, Queensland Ports Association, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 24; Commodore Rod Nairn, Chief Executive Officer, Shipping Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 45.

[15]      Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 52.

[16]      See, for example, Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 3; Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 9; Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, p. 14; Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 8; Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 24; Commodore Rod Nairn, Chief Executive Officer, Shipping Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 44; see also GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 26.

[17]      Commodore Rod Nairn, Chief Executive Officer, Shipping Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 44.

[18]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 8.

[19]      Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 2; Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 9; see also Commodore Rod Nairn, Chief Executive Officer, Shipping Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 44.

[20]      Shipping Australia, Submission 3, pp 2–3; Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 9; Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, p. 14; Commodore Rod Nairn, Chief Executive Officer, Shipping Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 44 and 46; Mr Michael McCabe, Coordinator, Capricorn Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 31.

[21]      That is, ships over 70 metres, and also loaded oil tankers, chemical carriers and liquefied gas carriers: Outlook Report 2014, p. 136.

[22]      Shipping Australia, Submission 3, pp 2–3; Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 9; Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, p. 14; Commodore Rod Nairn, Chief Executive Officer, Shipping Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 44 and 46; see also Outlook Report 2014, p. 136; and draft North East Shipping Management Plan, p. 47.

[23]      Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 3.

[24]      Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 9; Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, p. 14.

[25]      Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 9.

[26]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 31.

[27]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 31; Australian Maritime Safety Authority, North-East Shipping Management Planhttp://www.amsa.gov.au/community/consultation/nesm-consultation.asp (accessed 31 July 2014); see also Department of the Environment, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 10.

[28]      See, for example, Cairns Marine Local Advisory Committee, Submission 7, p. 4; IFAW, Submission 10, p. 2; CAFNEC, Submission 19, Attachment 3, p. 7; Ms Sharon Livermore, Marine Campaigner, IFAW, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 39.

[29]      See, for example, Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 24.

[30]      Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 2.

[31]      Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 7.

[32]      Mr Simon Meyjes, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Reef Pilots, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 46.

[33]      Cairns Marine Local Advisory Committee, Submission 7, p. 4; see also CAFNEC, Submission 19, Attachment 3, p. 7.

[34]      CAFNEC, Submission 19, Attachment 2, p. 1.

[35]      WWF Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 4.

[36]      IFAW, Submission 10, p. 2; Ms Sharon Livermore, Marine Campaigner, International Fund for Animal Welfare, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 39.

[37]      See, for example, Mr Geoff McPherson, Submission 15, pp 11–12 and 44 and Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 41; CAFNEC, Submission 19, Attachment 2, p. 2; Australians for Animals, Submission  52, p. 84; Ms Suzanne Arnold, Coordinator, Australians for Animals, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 47.

[38]      See, for example, IFAW, Submission 10, p. 1; see also Ms Sharon Livermore, Marine Campaigner, IFAW, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 39; Mackay Conservation Group, Submission 42, p. 6.

[39]      Mr Geoff McPherson, Submission 15; Mr Jeremy Tager, Submission 18, p. 3; Australians for Animals, Submission 52, pp 1 and 76–80.

[40]      See, for example, WWF Australia and AMCS, Submission 23, p. 4.

[41]      See, for example, Mackay Conservation Group, Submission 42, p. 6; Mr Michael McCabe, Coordinator, Capricorn Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 31.

[42]      See, for example, Capricorn Conservation Council, Submission 27, p. 14; Mr Michael McCabe, Coordinator, Capricorn Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 31.

[43]      Commodore Rod Nairn, Chief Executive Officer, Shipping Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 44.

[44]      See, for example, Australian Reef Pilots, Submission 47, p. 2 and Mr Simon Meyjes, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Reef Pilots, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 45; Commodore Rod Nairn, Chief Executive Officer, Shipping Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 47; Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 7.

[45]      See, for example, Capricorn Conservation Council, Submission 27, p. 14; Mr Michael McCabe, Coordinator, Capricorn Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 31.

[46]      See, for example, Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, p. 14; Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 24; Mr Michael Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 31.

[47]      Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, p. 14.

[48]      Simon Meyjes, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Reef Pilots, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 45.

[49]      Simon Meyjes, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Reef Pilots, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 46.

[50]      Keppel and Fitroy Delta Alliance, Submission 40, Attachment 1, p. 23; see also Ms Ginny Gerlach, Director and Coordinator, Keppel and Fitzroy Delta Alliance, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 39.

[51]      Mr Richard Leck, National Manager, Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development, WWF-Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 15.

[52]      Mr Michael Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 31.

[53]      Capricorn Conservation Council, Submission 27, p. 14; Mr Michael McCabe, Coordinator, Capricorn Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 31.

[54]      The Hon Greg Hunt MP, Minister for the Environment, 'Hefty fines for bulk carrier travelling outside of shipping area', Media release, 30 July 2014; see also Samantha Healy, 'Everything sweet for Chinese sailors after copping measly fine for Great Barrier Reef shortcut', Courier Mail, 30 July 2014, http://www.couriermail.com.au/news/queensland/everything-sweet-for-chinese-sailors-after-copping-measly-fine-for-great-barrier-reef-shortcut/story-fnihsrf2-1227006379949?nk=406309be43579d90c40d3a7fd3d6b80a (accessed 31 July 2014).

[55]      Ms Sharon Livermore, Marine Campaigner, IFAW, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 42 and see also pp 39 and 44.

[56]      IFAW, Submission 10, p. 1; see also Ms Sharon Livermore, Marine Campaigner, IFAW, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 39.

[57]      IFAW, Submission 10, p. 7; see also Ms Sharon Livermore, Marine Campaigner, IFAW, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, pp 39 and 44.

[58]      Commodore Rod Nairn, Chief Executive Officer, Shipping Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 48.

[59]      Mr Simon Meyjes, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Reef Pilots, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 48.

[60]      IFAW, Submission 10, p. 7; see also Ms Sharon Livermore, Marine Campaigner, IFAW, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 39.

[61]      IFAW, Submission 10, p. 1 and see also pp 4–5.

[62]      Ms Sharon Livermore, Marine Campaigner, IFAW, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 39; see also IFAW, Submission 10, p. 4.

[63]      Ms Sharon Livermore, Marine Campaigner, IFAW, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 43.

[64]      IFAW, Submission 10, p. 2.

[65]      Department of the Environment, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 10.

[66]      Mr Geoff McPherson, Submission 15; Mr Jeremy Tager, Submission 18, p. 3; Australians for Animals, Submission 52, pp 1 and 76–80.

[67]      Mr Geoff McPherson, Submission 15, p. 3; see also Australians for Animals, Submission 52, p. 77.

[68]      Mr Geoff McPherson, Submission 15, pp 13 and 45; see also Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 40.

[69]      Australians for Animals, Submission 52, pp 86–90.

[70]      Mr Geoff McPherson, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 40 and see also Submission 15, pp 31–34; Australians for Animals, Submission 52, pp 90–92.

[71]      International Maritime Organization, Guidelines for the Reduction of Underwater Noise from Commercial Shipping to Address Adverse Impacts on Marine Life, 7 April 2014, Annex, pp 3–6, available at: http://docs.nrdc.org/water/files/wat_14050501a.pdf (accessed 31 July 2014); see also IMO, Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC), 66th session, 31 March to 4 April 2014, http://www.imo.org/MediaCentre/MeetingSummaries/MEPC/Pages/MEPC66.aspx (accessed 31 July 2014); Mr Geoff McPherson, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, pp 38 and 40 and Submission 15, pp 37–38; see also Australians for Animals, Submission 52, p. 1.

[72]      Mr Geoff McPherson, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 41; see also Mr Geoff McPherson, Submission 15, pp 4 and 44.

[73]      Mr Geoff McPherson, Submission 15, p. 44; see also p. 47 and Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 45.

[74]      Australians for Animals, Submission 52, p. 80.

[75]      GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef Region Strategic Assessment, p. 6–47.

[76]      Mr Geoff McPherson, Submission 15, pp 12 and 15.

[77]      Mr Geoff McPherson, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, pp 44–45; Mr Simon Meyjes, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Reef Pilots, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 48.

[78]      Ms Sharon Livermore, Marine Campaigner, IFAW, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014,
pp 41– 42.

Chapter 8 - Governance and management arrangements

[1]        Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 8.

[2]        Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 6.

[3]        Ms Wendy Tubman, Coordinator, NQCC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 1; see also Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 2.

[4]        Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 3.

[5]        See, for example, Mr Tony Fontes, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 2; Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, pp 3 and 5.

[6]        Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 3.

[7]        Mr Richard Leck, National Manager, Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development, WWF-Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 15; see also Ms Ginny Gerlach, Director and Coordinator, Keppel and Fitzroy Delta Alliance, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 35; Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 3.

[8]        Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 9.

[9]        Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 18.

[10]      Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 18.

[11]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. vi and see also p. 220.

[12]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 9.

[13]      GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 275.

[14]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 12.

[15]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 6.

[16]      Professor John Pandolfi, Councillor and Past President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 3.

[17]      Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 25.

[18]      WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 11.

[19]      See, for example, Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 3; Mr Tony Fontes, 22 July 2014, p. 2.

[20]      Mr Colin McKenzie, Executive Director, AMPTO, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, pp 33 and 36.

[21]      Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 3.

[22]      Ms Margaret Moorhouse, Spokesperson, Alliance to Save Hinchinbrook, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 11.

[23]      NQCC, Submission 30, p. 3; see also Ms Wendy Tubman, Coordinator, NQCC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 2.

[24]      Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 5; see also Mr Chris McCombe, Assistant Director, Environmental Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 31.

[25]      See, for example, Mr Jeremy Tager, Submission 18, p. 1; WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 11; Whitsunday Residents Against Dumping, Submission 39, p. 3; Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 9; Ms Wendy Tubman, Coordinator, NQCC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 1 and NQCC, Submission 30, p. 3.

[26]      Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 11.

[27]      Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 4.

[28]      Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 6.

[29]      See, for example, Mr Tony Fontes, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 2; WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 11.

[30]      CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 7.

[31]      Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 15.

[32]      Southern Cross Sailing Adventures, Submission 25, p. 1; see also Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 2; Mr Tony Brown, President, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 13.

[33]      Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 2.

[34]      The Hon Greg Hunt MP, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority conflict of interest inquiry, 24 February 2014,    http://www.environment.gov.au/minister/hunt/2014/mr20140224a.html   (accessed 12 August 2014).

[35]      CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 7; see also, for example, Ms Wendy Tubman, Coordinator, NQCC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 1.

[36]      AMPTO, Submission 41, p. 3.

[37]      Ms Margaret Moorhouse, Spokesperson, Alliance to Save Hinchinbrook, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 13.

[38]      Ms Wendy Tubman, Coordinator, NQCC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, pp 1 and 3–4; see also Mr Jeremy Tager, Submission 18, p. 4.

[39]      Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, pp 58–59.

[40]      Department of the Environment and Heritage, Review of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975–Review Panel Report, 2006, http://www.environment.gov.au/resource/review-great-barrier-reef-marine-park-act-1975-review-panel-report  (accessed 21 August 2014).

[41]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 12.

[42]      Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, p. 5.

[43]      AMPTO, Submission 41, p. 3.

[44]      Ports Australia, Submission 11, pp 1–2.

[45]      See, for example, Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, p. 3; AMPTO, Submission 41, p. 3; CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 8; NQCC, Submission 30, p. 3; Ms Felicity Wishart, Great Barrier Reef Campaign Director, Australian Marine Conservation Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 15 and 20; Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, pp 11 and 15.

[46]      Mr Colin McKenzie, Executive Director, AMPTO, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 33; see also Mrs Jan Claxton, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 6.

[47]      Australian National Audit Office, Regulation of Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Approvals, http://www.anao.gov.au/Publications/Audits-in-Progress/2015/Winter/Regulation-of-Great-Barrier-Reef-Marine-Park-Permits-and-Approvals (accessed 27 August 2014).

[48]      Ms Felicity Wishart, Great Barrier Reef Campaign Director, Australian Marine Conservation Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 15–16.

[49]      Professor Terry Hughes, Director, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 25.

[50]      Shipping Australia Limited, Submission 3, p. 6; Tom Farrell Institute for the Environment, University of Newcastle, Submission 43, p. 7; see also Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 5; Professor Ove Hoegh‑Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p.10.

[51]      AIMS, Submission 36, p. 1.

[52]      Shipping Australia Limited, Submission 3, p. 6; Tom Farrell Institute for the Environment, University of Newcastle, Submission 43, p. 7;  see also Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 5; Professor Ove Hoegh‑Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p.10.

[53]      Shipping Australia Limited, Submission 3, p. 6.

[54]      Professor Terry Hughes, Director, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 25.

[55]      Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, p. 4; see also CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 9 and Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 11; Ms Margaret Moorhouse, Spokesperson, Alliance to Save Hinchinbrook, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 12.

[56]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 3; see also Brian Bycroft, Submission 3, p. 5.

[57]      See, for example, Australian Coral Reef Society, Submission 8, p. 2; WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, pp 11–12; Save the Reef, Submission 50, p. 11;  Mr Tony Fontes, 22 July 2014, p. 2; Mr Colin McKenzie, Executive Director, AMPTO, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, pp 33–34.

[58]      See, for example, Ms Wendy Tubman, Coordinator, NQCC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 1; Ms Margaret Moorhouse, Spokesperson, Alliance to Save Hinchinbrook, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, pp 11–12.

[59]      CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 7.

[60]      CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 8.

[61]      Australian Coral Reef Society, Submission 8, p. 1.

[62]      Australian Coral Reef Society, Submission 8, p. 2.

[63]      Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 9.

[64]      Professor John Pandolfi, Councillor and Past President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 3; see also Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 2.

[65]      Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 27.

[66]      Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, p. 3.

[67]      Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 53; see also Department of the Environment, Queensland Government and GBRMPA, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 21 July 2014, pp 9–10.

[68]      Mr Colin McKenzie, Executive Director, Association of Marine Park Tourism Operators, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 34; see also Mrs Jan Claxton, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 4; Mr Tony Brown, President, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 11; Mr Allen Grundy, Director, Southern Cross Sailing Adventures, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 42.

[69]      GBRMPA, Environmental Management Charge, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/zoning-permits-and-plans/environmental-management-charge  (accessed 8 August 2014).

[70]      Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 8; see also Mr Colin McKenzie, Executive Director, AMPTO, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 33.

[71]      Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 27.

[72]      Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 9.

[73]      Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, 21 July 2014, p. 22.

[74]      Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, p. 6.

[75]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 4; see also Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 9; Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 5.

[76]      CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 1. 

[77]      AIMS, Submission 36, p. 1.

[78]      Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 19.

[79]      Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 9.

[80]      Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 54.

[81]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 13.

[82]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 34.

[83]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, pp 34–35, citing Department of the Environment, Standards for Accreditation of Environmental Approvals under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, 2004, http://www.environment.gov.au/system/files/resources/40e7000f-4d52-47fe-9a61-ff2b321aec3b/files/standards-accreditation-2014_0.pdf (accessed 7 August 2014). See also Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 52.

[84]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 7; see also UNESCO World Heritage Committee, Decision 37 COM 7B.10, 2013, http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4959 (accessed 9 July 2014).

[85]      UNESCO World Heritage Committee, Decision 38 COM 7B.63, 2014, pp 116–117, http://whc.unesco.org/archive/2014/whc14-38com-16en.pdf (accessed 9 July 2014).

[86]      Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 8.

[87]      Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 12, see also pp 13–14.

[88]      Ports Australia, Submission 11, p. 3.

[89]      Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, 21 July 2014, p. 28; see also Department of the Environment, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 21.

[90]      See, for example, Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, pp 4–5; Australian Coral Reef Society, Submission 8, p. 2; CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 5; WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 4; Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland, Submission 33, p. 3; Dr Chris McGrath, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 3; Mr Richard Leck, National Manager, Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development, WWF‑Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 16; Mr Tony Fontes, 22 July 2014, p. 2; Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 10; Professor Ove Hoegh‑Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 9; Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 10; Ms Suzanne Arnold, Coordinator, Australians for Animals, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, pp 46–47 and 49.

[91]      Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 10; see also Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, pp 4–5; CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 5; Keppel and Fitzroy Delta Alliance, Submission 40, p. 4;  Dr Chris McGrath, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 3.

[92]      Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, pp 4–5; Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, p. 5.

[93]      CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 5 and Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 10; see also Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, pp 4–5; WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 5.

[94]      Mr Richard Leck, National Manager, Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development, WWF-Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 16–17.

[95]      Mr Richard Leck, National Manager, Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development, WWF-Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 17.

[96]      Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 2; see also Australian Coral Reef Society, Submission 8, p. 2.

[97]      Ms Felicity Wishart, Great Barrier Reef Campaign Director, Australian Marine Conservation Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 17.

[98]      Mr Jon Black, Director-General, Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage Protection, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 62.

[99]      Department of the Environment, Queensland Government and GBRMPA, Answers to questions on notice from public hearing on 21 July 2014, pp 18–19; and see also Department of the Environment, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 20.

[100]    Dr Chris McGrath, Submission 32, p. 1.

[101]    Dr Chris McGrath, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 3.

[102]    Professor Barbara Norman, Submission 49, p. 1.

[103]    Mr Richard Leck, National Manager, Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development, WWF-Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 15; see also Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, p. 5.

[104]    See, for example, Ms Felicity Wishart, Great Barrier Reef Campaign Director, Australian Marine Conservation Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 15–16.

[105]    Australian Coral Reef Society, Submission 8, p. 3.

[106]    WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 4.

[107]    Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 7.

[108]    Department of the Environment, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 15.

[109]    Australian Government and Queensland Government, Submission 34, pp 34–35; Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 56; see also Queensland Resources Council, Submission 28, p. 15.

[110]    Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 56.

[111]    Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 56–57; and see also Department of the Environment, Answers to written questions on notice, pp 18–19.

[112]    See, for example, Ms Margaret Moorhouse, Spokesperson, Alliance to Save Hinchinbrook, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 12; see also Australian Coral Reef Society, Submission 8, p. 2.

[113]    Australian Coral Reef Society, Submission 8, p. 2.

[114]    Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 57.

[115]    Department of the Environment, Answers to written questions on notice, p. 16.

[116]    See also, for example, Australian Coral Reef Society, Submission 8, p. 1.

[117]    Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 10.

[118]    Australian Coral Reef Society, Submission 8, pp 1–2.

[119]    See, for example, NQCC, Submission 30, p. 4; Ms Ellen Roberts, Coordinator, Mackay Conservation Group, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 15.

[120]    Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 26.

[121]    Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, pp 13, 15–16; Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 25.

[122]    See, for example, CAFNEC, Submission 19, pp 4 and 11; Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, pp 8–9; Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Submission 46, p. 9; Ms Wendy Tubman, Coordinator, NQCC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 2; Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 10.

[123]    Mr Michael McCabe, Coordinator, Capricorn Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 29.

[124]    Ms Wendy Tubman, Coordinator, NQCC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 2.

[125]    Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 9.

[126]    See further Senate Environment and Communications References Committee, Environmental Offsets, June 2014, http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Environment_and_Communications/Environmental_Offsets/Report/index (accessed 31 July 2014).

[127]    CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 4.

[128]    Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 5.

[129]    GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 243.

[130]    GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 226.

[131]    GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. vi and see also p. 220.

[132]    GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. 264.

[133]    Queensland Department of State Development, Infrastructure and Planning, Great Barrier Reef Coastal Zone Strategic Assessment 2014, Program Report, July 2014, p. 64, http://www.dsdip.qld.gov.au/resources/report/gbr/gbr-coastal-zone-strategic-assessment-program-report.pdf (accessed 13 August 2014). See also, Cairns and Far North Environment Centre, Submission 19, Attachment 5, p. 50: EDO analysis;  EDO Qld and EDO NQ Submission on the Draft Coastal Zone Strategic Assessment Report, p. 15, http://www.edoqld.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/2014-01-31-EDO-Qld-and-EDO-NQ-Joint-Submission-on-the-Draft-GBR-Coastal-Zone-SA-Program-Report.pdf (accessed 7 August 2014).

[134]    Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 52.

[135]    The Hon Greg Hunt MP, Minister for the Environment, 'Strategic Assessment bolsters protection of the Great Barrier Reef', Media release, 12 August 2014, http://www.environment.gov.au/minister/hunt/2014/mr20140812.html (accessed 13 August 2014); see also Ms Carolyn Cameron, Assistant Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 60; Great Barrier Reef Coastal Zone Strategic Assessment 2014, Program Report, July 2014, p. 64.

[136]    Department of the Environment, Strategic Assessments, http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/environment-protection/environment-assessments/strategic-assessments (accessed 21 August 2014).

[137]    Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 8; see also Department of the Environment, Strategic assessment – Great Barrier Reef, at: http://www.environment.gov.au/protection/assessments/strategic/great-barrier-reef (accessed 27 June 2014).

[138]    Minerals Council of Australia, Submission 35, p. 7.

[139]    Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, pp 3 and 10.

[140]    Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, pp 10 and 11; see also Ports Australia, Submission 11, p. 2

[141]    Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 15.

[142]    AIMS, Submission 36, p. 2; see also Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 19.

[143]    AIMS, Submission 36, p. 3.

[144]    See, for example, Cairns Local Marine Advisory Committee, Submission 7, p. 4; CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 10 and Attachment 3; WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 14; NQCC, Submission 30, Attachment 1; AIMS, Submission 36, pp 3–4.

[145]    AIMS, Submission 36, pp 3–4.

[146]    AIMS, Submission 36, p. 3.

[147]    WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 14; AIMS, Submission 36, p. 4; see also Mr Colin McKenzie, Executive Director, AMPTO, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p.  34.

[148]    See, for example, Ms Felicity Wishart, Great Barrier Reef Campaign Director, Australian Marine Conservation Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 19; see also Mr Colin McKenzie, Executive Director, AMPTO, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p.  37.

[149]    AIMS, Submission 36, p. 4.

[150]    Department of the Environment, Answers to Written Questions on Notice, p. 2.

[151]    Professor Peter Mumby, President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 2.

[152]    Australian Coral Reef Society, Submission 8, p. 3.

[153]    WWF-Australia and the Australian Marine Conservation Society, Submission 23, p. 14.

[154]    Mr Richard Leck, National Manager, Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development, WWF-Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 19.

[155]    CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 10 and Attachment 3, p. 1.

[156]    NQCC, Submission 30, p. 4.

[157]    CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 10 and Attachment 3, pp 1–2; see also Mr Josh Coates, Marine Program Coordinator, CAFNEC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 10.

[158]    CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 13.

[159]    The Hon Greg Hunt MP, Minister for the Environment, 'Strategic Assessment bolsters protection of the Great Barrier Reef', Media release, 12 August 2014, http://www.environment.gov.au/minister/hunt/2014/mr20140812.html (accessed 13 August 2014); see also Ms Carolyn Cameron, Assistant Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 60.

[160]    Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 31.

[161]    Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 55.

[162]    Queensland Ports Association, Submission 13, p. 11; see also Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, 21 July 2014, p. 23; Mr David Anderson, Chief Executive Officer, Ports Australia, 21 July 2014, p. 31.

[163]    Shipping Australia, Submission 3, p. 7.

[164]    Ms Wendy Tubman, Coordinator, NQCC, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 3.

[165]    Ms Carolyn Cameron, Assistant Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 63; Dr Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 54.

[166]    Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive, GBRMPA, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 54.

Chapter 9 - Conclusions and recommendations

[1]        GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. vi, http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/media/external-links/external/outlook-report-flipbook (accessed 13 August 2014).

[2]        GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. v.

[3]        Senator the Hon Peter Durack, Senate Debates, 12 June 1975, p. 2657.

[4]        Department of the Environment, Gladstone Bund Wall Review, May 2014, p. viii, http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/marine/gbr/gladstone-bund-wall-review (accessed 6 August 2014.

[5]        Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 21.

[6]        Department of the Environment, Gladstone coal seam and dredging projects, http://www.environment.gov.au/node/18620 (accessed 12 August 2014).

[7]        Mr Richard Leck, National Manager, Marine Conservation and Sustainable Development, WWF-Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 15.

[8]        Australian and Queensland Governments, Submission 34, p. 27.

[9]        Australian National Audit Office, Regulation of Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Approvals, http://www.anao.gov.au/Publications/Audits-in-Progress/2015/Winter/Regulation-of-Great-Barrier-Reef-Marine-Park-Permits-and-Approvals (accessed 27 August 2014).

[10]      Australian National Audit Office, ANAO Work Program — July 2014, pp 56–57 http://www.anao.gov.au/About-Us/~/media/Files/Audit%20Work%20Programs/AWP-July-2014-accessible.pdf (accessed 2 September 2014).

[11]      Australian and Queensland Governments, Reef Water Quality Protection Plan Report cards, http://www.reefplan.qld.gov.au/measuring-success/report-cards.aspx (accessed 2 September 2014).

[12]      UNESCO World Heritage Committee, Decision 38 COM 7B.63, 2014, pp 116–117, http://whc.unesco.org/archive/2014/whc14-38com-16en.pdf (accessed 9 July 2014).

[13]      See further Senate Environment and Communications References Committee, Environmental Offsets, June 2014, http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Environment_and_Communications/Environmental_Offsets/Report/index (accessed 31 July 2014).

Coalition Senators' Dissenting Report

[1]        Tony Brown, President of the Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 9.

[2]        Dr Kimberly Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 54.

[3]        Mr Charles Burke, Chief Executive Officer, AgForce Queensland, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 38.

[4]        Charles Burke, CEO AgForce Queensland, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 40.

[5]        The Hon Greg Hunt MP, Minister for the Environment, ‘The Battle for the Barrier Reef’, Four Corners, 18 August 2014, http://www.abc.net.au/4corners/stories/2014/08/18/4067593.htm (accessed 1 September 2014).

[6]        Dr Russell Reichelt, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p59.

[7]        Submission 14, p. 6.

[8]        Mr Charles Burke, Chief Executive Officer, Mrs Marie Vitelli, Policy Officer, AgForce Queensland, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 41.

[9]        Dr Kimberly Dripps, Deputy Secretary, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 52.

Australian Greens – Additional Comments

[1]        GBRMPA Outlook Report 2014, p 109; AIMS Submission 34, p 6.

[2]        See, for example, Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg and contributing authors (Professor Hoegh-Guldberg), Submission 6, p. 3; AIMS, Submission 36, p. 1; Professor John Pandolfi, Councillor and Past President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 5; Mr Anthony Brown, President, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 9; Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 29; Mr Tony Fontes, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 1; see also De'ath, Glenn et al, 'The 27-year decline of coral cover on the Great Barrier Reef and its causes', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(44), pp 17995–17999, http://www.pnas.org/content/109/44/17995.full (accessed 30 July 2014).

[3]        GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. v.

[4]        Professor John Pandolfi, Councillor and Past President, Australian Coral Reef Society, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 2.

[5]        Pollock et. al, Sediment and Turbidity Associated with Offshore Dredging Increase Coral Disease Prevalence on Nearby Reefs, PloS ONE: 9(7).

[6]        See evidence of Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p 6, Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p 27; and Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p 23.

[7]        See evidence of Mr Jeremy Tager, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p 6, Mr Jon Brodie, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p 27; and Dr Jamie Oliver, Research Director, AIMS, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p 23.

[8]        GBRMPA, Outlook Report 2014, p. v.

[9]        Professor Terry Hughes, Committee Hansard, 23 July 2014, p. 29.

[10]      Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6, p. 7.

[11]      See Dr Chris McGrath, Submission 32 and Professor Hoegh-Guldberg, Submission 6.

[12]      Dr Chris McGrath, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, pp 1–2.

[13]      Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Committee Hansard, 21 July 2014, p. 10.

[14]      CAFNEC, Submission 19, p. 5; Mr Tony Brown, President, Whitsunday Charter Boat Industry Association, Committee Hansard 23 July 2014, p 13; Carefish, Submission 16, p 3.

[15]      See testimony of, Dr Matthew Landos, Director, Frenchs Forest Veterinary Surgery; Honorary Lecturer and Associate Researcher, Sydney University Faculty of Veterinary Science, Committee Hansard 22 July 2014; Mr Michael McCabe, Coordinator, Capricorn Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 22 July 2014, p. 32; Department of the Environment, Gladstone Bund Wall Review, May 2014, http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/marine/gbr/gladstone-bund-wall-review.

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