Footnotes

Footnotes

Chapter 1 - Introduction

[1]        Journals of the Senate, 2013–14, no. 32, 18 June 2014, pp 904–05.

[2]        Journals of the Senate, 2013–14, no. 47, 27 August 2014, p. 1313.

Chapter 2 - Commonwealth funding of environmental programs

[1]        Department of the Environment, Biodiversity Fund, http://www.environment.gov.au/cleanenergyfuture/biodiversity-fund/ (accessed 7 April 2015).

[2]        Australian Government, Mid-Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook 2011–12, p. 282.

[3]        Australian Government, Budget Measures, Budget Paper No. 2, 2013–14, 14 May 2013, pp 79–80, 254, 255.

[4]        Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 'Environment and carbon farming programs cut to pay for ETS', ABC Rural, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-07-16/biodiversity-fund-cuts/4823176

[5]        Australian Government, Mid-Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook 2013–14, December 2013, pp 140, 143–144.

[6]        See for example, Australian Government, Biodiversity Fund Round Two 2013–2014, http://www.environment.gov.au/cleanenergyfuture/biodiversity-fund/round-2/pubs/bf-r2-successful-all.pdf  (accessed 11 June 2015).

[7]        Those six methods were: Habitat Hectares; BioMetric: Terrestrial Biodiversity Tool; BioCondition; TasVeg: Tasmanian Vegetation Condition Assessment Method; Bushland Condition Monitoring; and Native Vegetation Condition Assessment & Monitoring for WA. Australian Government, Biodiversity Fund, http://www.environment.gov.au/cleanenergyfuture/biodiversity-fund/meri/index.html (accessed 2 April 2015).

[8]        Australian Government, Biodiversity Fund Round One 2011–2012, http://www.environment.gov.au/cleanenergyfuture/biodiversity-fund/round-1/index.html (accessed 2 April 2015).

[9]        Australian Government, Biodiversity Fund Round One: 2011–2012, http://www.environment.gov.au/cleanenergyfuture/biodiversity-fund/round-1/index.html (accessed 2 April 2015).

[10]      Australian Government, Biodiversity Fund Round One: 2011–2012, http://www.environment.gov.au/cleanenergyfuture/biodiversity-fund/round-1/index.html (accessed 2 April 2015).

[11]      Australian Government, Biodiversity Fund Round One: 2011–2012, http://www.environment.gov.au/cleanenergyfuture/biodiversity-fund/round-1/index.html (accessed 2 April 2015).

[12]      Australian Rainforest Conservation Society, Our mission, http://www.rainforest.org.au/mission.html (accessed 13 April 2015).

[13]      Australian Government, Biodiversity Fund Round One: Queensland, http://www.environment.gov.au/cleanenergyfuture/biodiversity-fund/round-1/index.html (accessed 2 April 2015), p. 2.

[14]      Australian Government, Biodiversity Fund Round One: Queensland, http://www.environment.gov.au/cleanenergyfuture/biodiversity-fund/round-1/index.html (accessed 2 April 2015), p. 2; see also Dr Aila Keto AO, President, Australian Rainforest Conservation Society, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 26.

[15]      Dr Aila Keto AO, President, Australian Rainforest Conservation Society, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 26.

[16]      The Australian Wildlife Conservancy, About, http://www.australianwildlife.org/about/about.aspx (accessed 13 April 2015).

[17]      Wet Tropics Management Authority, Wet sclerophyll forests, http://www.wettropics.gov.au/wet-schlerophyll (accessed 13 April 2015).

[18]      Australian Government, Biodiversity Fund Round One: Queensland, http://www.environment.gov.au/cleanenergyfuture/biodiversity-fund/round-1/index.html (accessed 2 April 2015), p. 2.

[19]      Australian Wildlife Conservancy, Science: surveys and research at Mount Zero-Taravale, http://www.australianwildlife.org/sanctuaries/mount-zero-taravale-sanctuary/science-surveys-and-research.aspx (accessed 11 June 2015).

[20]      Australian Government, Biodiversity Fund Round One: New South Wales, http://www.environment.gov.au/cleanenergyfuture/biodiversity-fund/projects/pubs/nsw-round1.pdf  (accessed 11 June 2015), p. 7.

[21]      Australian Government, Biodiversity Fund Round One: New South Wales, http://www.environment.gov.au/cleanenergyfuture/biodiversity-fund/projects/pubs/nsw-round1.pdf  (accessed 11 June 2015), p. 7.

[22]      Goulburn Broken Catchment Management Authority, Outcome Stories and Case Studies: Sand Ridge Woodland, http://www.gbcma.vic.gov.au/publications/published_documents/outcome-stories-case-studies (accessed 11 June 2015).

[23]      Goulburn Broken Catchment Management Authority, Outcome Stories and Case Studies; Sand Ridge Woodland, http://www.gbcma.vic.gov.au/publications/published_documents/outcome-stories-case-studies (accessed 11 June 2015).

[24]      Mr Sean Sullivan, First Assistant Secretary, Biodiversity Conservation Division, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 13 May 2015, p. 3.

[25]      A full list of programs and grants currently offered may be found at: http://www.environment.gov.au/about-us/grants-funding (accessed 10 April 2015).

[26]      National Landcare Program, About us, http://www.nrm.gov.au/ (accessed 10 April 2015).

[27]      Senate Environment and Communications References Committee, National Landcare Program, March 2015.

[28]      Mr Sean Sullivan, First Assistant Secretary, Biodiversity Conservation Division, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 13 May 2015, p. 2.

[29]      Department of the Environment, About the Green Army programme, http://www.environment.gov.au/land/green-army/about (accessed 10 April 2015.

[30]      Department of the Environment, Submission 33, p. 5.

[31]      Department of the Environment, About the Green Army programme, http://www.environment.gov.au/land/green-army/about (accessed 10 April 2015). The program will support 250 projects in 2014–15, 500 projects in 2015–16, 750 projects in 2016–17, 1,150 in 2017–18 and 1,500 in 2018–19.

[32]      Department of the Environment, Submission 33, p. 5.

[33]      Mr Sean Sullivan, First Assistant Secretary, Biodiversity Conservation Division, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 13 May 2015, p. 2.

[34]      Department of the Environment, Submission 33, p. 5.

[35]      Australian Conservation Foundation, Submission 10, p. 2.

[36]      Australian Conservation Foundation, Submission 10, p. 4.

[37]      Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland Fraser Coast Branch, Submission 13, p. 4.

[38]      Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland Fraser Coast Branch, Submission 13, p. 2.

[39]      Adelaide Hills Climate Action Group, Submission 5, p. 9.

[40]      Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland, Submission 12, p. 3.

[41]      Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland Fraser Coast, Submission 13, p. 1.

[42]      Ms Leila Huebner, Submission 1, p. 3.

[43]      Australian Wildlife Protection Council, Submission 30, p. 1.

[44]      Mr Don Henry, CEO, Australian Conservation Foundation, 'Ups and downs in climate policy changes', Media Release, 16 July 2013.

[45]      Dr Aila Keto AO, President, Australian Rainforest Conservation Society, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 25.

[46]      Mr Sean Sullivan, First Assistant Secretary, Biodiversity Conservation Division, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 13 May 2015, p. 1.

[47]      Department of the Environment, Submission 33, p. 5.

[48]      See Ms Leila Huebner, Submission 1, p. 1; Ms Samantha Willis, Submission 7, p. 1; Mr Kevin Shaw, Submission 44, p. 1.

[49]      Ms Kate Watson, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 20.

[50]      Ms Nicky Hungerford, Coordinator, Queensland Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, pp 15–16.

[51]      Ms Nicky Hungerford, Coordinator, Queensland Conservation Council, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 16.

[52]      Nature Conservation Council of NSW, Environment Tasmania, Conservation Council of WA, Queensland Conservation Council, Environment Victoria, Conservation Council ACT Region, Environment Centre NT, Conservation Council of SA, Submission 37, p. 10.

[53]      ACTU, Submission 21, p. 2.

[54]      Australia ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity on 18 June 1993, but has not signed or ratified the Nagoya Protocol which sets out the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. Convention on Biological Diversity, Aichi Biodiversity Targets, https://www.cbd.int/sp/targets/ (accessed 1 June 2015).

[55]      Dr Aila Keto AO, President, Australian Rainforest Conservation Society, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 26; see also Australian Koala Foundation, Submission 62, p. 2.

[56]      Australian Rainforest Conservation Society, Submission 45, p. 3.

[57]      See Adelaide Hills Climate Action Group, Submission 5, p. 8; Environmental Defenders Office of Northern Queensland, Submission 23, p. 3.

[58]      Mr Sean Sullivan, First Assistant Secretary, Biodiversity Conservation Division, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 13 May 2015, pp 2–3.

[59]      Mr Sean Sullivan, First Assistant Secretary, Biodiversity Conservation Division, Department of the Environment, Committee Hansard, 13 May 2015, p. 2.

Chapter 3 - Environmental Defenders Offices

[1]        Productivity Commission, Access to Justice Arrangements, Inquiry Report No. 72, September 2014.

[2]        EDOs of Australia, Our Management Committee, http://www.edo.org.au/management (accessed 16 April 2015).

[3]        EDO Victoria became Environmental Justice Australia as of 1 May 2014.

[4]        EDOs of Australia (formerly Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices Inc), Submission 11, p. 2.

[5]        EDOs of Australia, Submission to the Productivity Commission on Access to Justice Arrangements, p. 4.

[6]        Productivity Commission, Access to Justice Arrangements, Vol. 2, No. 72, 5 September 2014, p. 712.

[7]        EDOs of Australia, Submission 11, Attachment 1, p. 2.

[8]        EDOs of Australia, Submission 11, Attachment 1, p. 4.

[9]        EDO Queensland, Who we help, http://www.edoqld.org.au/who-we-help/ (accessed 8 April 2015).

[10]      EDOs of Australia, Answer to question on notice, 21 April 2015 (received 19 May 2015), p. 1.

[11]      EDOs of Australia, Answer to question on notice, 21 April 2015 (received 19 May 2015), p. 1.

[12]      See EDO NSW, Annual Report 2013–14, p. 45; EDOWA, Annual Report, p. 3.

[13]      EDOs of Australia, Answer to question on notice, 21 April 2015 (received 19 May 2015), p. 2.

[14]      Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, Environmental Defenders Office, NSW, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 1.

[15]      EDONT, Annual Report, p. 24.

[16]      Ms Elizabeth Quinn, Assistant Secretary, Legal Assistance Branch, Attorney-General's Department, Committee Hansard, 13 May 2015, p. 7.

[17]      EDOs of Australia, Submission 11, p. 2.

[18]      EDO Queensland, Protecting Springbrook rainforest, http://www.edoqld.org.au/success-stories/protecting-springbrook-rainforest/ (accessed 10 April 2015).

[19]      EDO Queensland, The Nathan Dam case: protecting the Reef and making legal history, http://www.edoqld.org.au/success-stories/the-nathan-dam-case-protecting-the-reef-and-making-legal-history/ (accessed 10 April 2015).

[20]      EDOs of Australia, Court cases, http://www.edo.org.au/cases (accessed 10 April 2015).

[21]      EDOs of Australia, Submission 11, p. 3.

[22]      Australian Government, Mid-Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook 2013–14, December 2013, p. 119.

[23]      Ms Elizabeth Quinn, Assistant Secretary, Legal Assistance Branch, Attorney-General's Department, Committee Hansard, 13 May 2015, p. 7; see also p. 9.

[24]      Ms Elizabeth Quinn, Assistant Secretary, Legal Assistance Branch, Attorney-General's Department, Committee Hansard, 13 May 2015, p. 8.

[25]      Attorney-General's Department, Answer to question on notice, 13 May 2015 (received 27 May 2015).

[26]      Attorney-General's Department, Answer to question on notice, 13 May 2015 (received 27 May 2015).

[27]      Senator the Hon George Brandis, Attorney-General, and Senator the Hon Michaelia Cash, Minister Assisting the Prime Minister for Women, 'Legal aid funding assured to support the most vulnerable in our community, Joint Press Release, 26 March 2015.

[28]      Australian Conservation Foundation, Submission 10, p. 3.

[29]      Dr Mary MacGibbon, Ms Kate Watson and Ms Ingrid Strewe, Submission 25, p. 12.

[30]      Environmental Defenders Office of Western Australia, 'Commonwealth continues campaign to discontinue EDO funding', EDO News, Vol 21, No. 1, Autumn 2015, p. 4.

[31]      Environmental Defenders Office of Western Australia, 'Commonwealth continues campaign to discontinue EDO funding', EDO News, Vol 21, No. 1, Autumn 2015, p. 4.

[32]      Nature Conservation Council of NSW; Environment Tasmania; Conservation Council of WA; Queensland Conservation Council; Environment Victoria; Conservation Council ACT Region; Environment Centre NT; Conservation Council of SA, Submission 37, p. 11.

[33]      Ms Elizabeth Quinn, Assistant Secretary, Legal Assistance Branch, Attorney-General's Department, Committee Hansard, 13 May 2015, p. 8; see also Ms Elizabeth Quinn, Assistant Secretary, Legal Assistance Branch, Attorney-General's Department, Committee Hansard, 13 May 2015, p. 11.

[34]      Attorney-General's Department, Answer to question on notice, p. 7.

[35]      Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, Environmental Defenders Office, NSW, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 7.

[36]      Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, Environmental Defenders Office, NSW, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 5.

[37]      Ms Jo-Anne Bragg, Principal Lawyer, Environmental Defenders Office, Queensland, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 9.

[38]      Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, Environmental Defenders Office, NSW, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 6.

[39]      EDOs of Australia, Answer to question on notice, 21 April 2015 (received 19 May 2015), p. 1.

[40]      EDOs of Australia, Answer to question on notice, 21 April 2015 (received 19 May 2015), p. 1.

[41]      EDOWA, Annual Report 2014, p. 3.

[42]      Daniel Weber, 'Government funding pulled from Environmental Defender's Office without explanation', ABC News, 26 May 2015, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-05-26/funding-of-environmental-defenders-office-withdrawn/6498990 (accessed 15 June 2015).

[43]      PM with Mark Colvin, Environmental Defender's Office funding cuts linked to advocacy work on controversial projects, 27 May 2015, http://www.abc.net.au/pm/content/2015/s4243663.htm (accessed 15 June 2015); EDO ACT, EDO ACT Faces Closure without Budget Support, http://www.edoact.org.au/edo_act_faces_closure_without_budget_support (accessed 15 June 2015); see also Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, Environmental Defenders Office, NSW, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 3.

[44]      EDONT, Annual Report 2014, p. 24.

[45]      Mr David Morris, Principal Lawyer, Environmental Defenders Office, NT, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 3; see also p. 8.

[46]      Ms Jess Feehely, Principal Lawyer, Environmental Defenders Office, Tasmania, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 3.

[47]      Ms Jo-Anne Bragg, Principal Lawyer, Environmental Defenders Office, Queensland, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 3; see also p. 8.

[48]      Productivity Commission, Access to Justice Arrangements, Vol. 2, No. 72, 5 September 2014, p. 711.

[49]      EDO Northern Queensland, Submission 23, p. 1.

[50]      EDOs of Australia, Submission to the Productivity Commission on Access to Justice Arrangements, p. 4.

[51]      Ms Rachel Walmsley, Policy and Law Reform Director, Environmental Defenders Office, NSW, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 4.

[52]      Environmental Defenders Office of Northern Queensland, Submission 23, p. 3.

[53]      Nature Conservation Council of NSW, Environment Tasmania; Conservation Council of WA, Queensland Conservation Council, Environment Victoria, Conservation Council ACT Region, Environment Centre NT, Conservation Council of SA, Submission 37, p. 11.

[54]      Ms Kate Watson, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 19.

[55]      Ms Elizabeth Quinn, Director, Community Legal Services Section, Legal Assistance Branch, Access to Justice Division, Attorney-General's Department, Committee Hansard, 13 May 2015, p. 9.

[56]      Ms Elizabeth Quinn, Director, Community Legal Services Section, Legal Assistance Branch, Access to Justice Division, Attorney-General's Department, Committee Hansard, 13 May 2015, p. 9.

[57]      Ms Kate Watson, Committee Hansard, 21 April 2015, p. 19; see also Michelle Paine, 'Women's legal service cash crisis', Mercury, 16 June 2014, http://www.themercury.com.au/news/tasmania/womens-legal-service-cash-crisis/story-fnj4f7k1-1226955316168 (accessed 29 April 2015).

[58]      Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices, Supplementary Submission on Draft Productivity Commission report into Access to Justice Arrangements, 2 July 2014, p. 6.

[59]      Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices, Supplementary Submission on Draft Productivity Commission report into Access to Justice Arrangements, 2 July 2014, p. 6.

[60]      Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices, Supplementary Submission on Draft Productivity Commission report into Access to Justice Arrangements, 2 July 2014, p. 5.

[61]      Productivity Commission, Access to Justice Arrangements, Vol. 2, No. 72, 5 September 2014, p. 713.

[62]      Productivity Commission, Access to Justice Arrangements, Vol. 2, No. 72, 5 September 2014, p. 713.

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