Footnotes

Footnotes

Chapter 1

[1]        Journals of the Senate No. 102, 25 June 2015, p. 2832.

[2]        Australian Crime Commission, Illicit Drug Data Report 2013-14, https://crimecommission.gov.au/sites/default/files/IDDR-201314-Complete_0.pdf (accessed 13 January 2016) p. 58.

[3]        Australian Institute of Criminology, Cannabis, 14 May 2015, http://aic.gov.au/crime_types/drugs_alcohol/drug_types/cannabis.html (accessed 15 December 2015).

[4]        Australian Drug Foundation, Submission 291, pp 14­-15.

[5]        Department of Health, Submission 444, p. 2.

[6]        Intergovernmental Committee on Drugs, National Drug Strategy 2016-2025 – Draft: for public consultation, October 2015, http://www.nationaldrugstrategy.gov.au/internet/drugstrategy/Publishing.nsf/content/73E3AD4C708D5726CA257ED000050625/$File/draftnds.pdf (accessed 15 December 2015).

[7]        Australian Crime Commission, Illicit Drug Data Report 2013-14, https://crimecommission.gov.au/sites/default/files/IDDR-201314-Complete_0.pdf (accessed 13 January 2016) p. 58.

[8]        'Heavy patterns of use' is defined as 'use of more than 10 cones or joints per day': Roxburgh A, et al, 'The epidemiology of cannabis use and cannabis-related harm in Australia 1993-2007' Addiction, vol. 105, no. 6, pp 1071–9, 1074.

[9]        Australian Crime Commission, Illicit Drug Data Report 2013-14, https://crimecommission.gov.au/sites/default/files/IDDR-201314-Complete_0.pdf (accessed 13January 2016) p. 59.

[10]      Submission 291, p. 15.

[11]      Australian Crime Commission, Illicit Drug Data Report 2013-14, https://crimecommission.gov.au/sites/default/files/IDDR-201314-Complete_0.pdf (accessed 13 January 2016) p. 68.

[12]      Australian Crime Commission, Illicit Drug Data Report 2013-14, p. 68.

[13]      Australian Crime Commission, Illicit Drug Data Report 2013-14, p. 68.

[14]      Australian Crime Commission, Illicit Drug Data Report 2013-14, p. 69.

[15]      Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee, Regulator of Medicinal Cannabis Bill 2014, August 2015, p. 10.

[16]      Department of Health, Submission 444, p. 2.

[17]      Department of Health, Submission 444, p. 2; Australian Government, National Drug Strategy, 24 November 2015, http://www.nationaldrugstrategy.gov.au (accessed 22 December 2015).

[18]      Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee, Regulator of Medicinal Cannabis Bill 2014, August 2015, p. 14.

[19]      Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee, Regulator of Medicinal Cannabis Bill 2014, August 2015, pp 11-12.

[20]      Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee, Regulator of Medicinal Cannabis Bill 2014, August 2015, p. 15.

[21]      Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee, Regulator of Medicinal Cannabis Bill 2014, August 2015, p. 16.

[22]      Library Council of New South Wales, History of drug laws – Australia, 2015, http://www.legalanswers.sl.nsw.gov.au/guides/hot_topics/drugs/history_drug_laws_Australia.html (accessed 12 January 2016).

[23]      Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee, Regulator of Medicinal Cannabis Bill 2014, August 2015; Standing Committee on Health, Ageing, Community and Social Services, Inquiry into the exposure draft of the Drug of Dependence (Cannabis Use for Medical Purposes) Amendment Bill 2014 and related discussion paper, Legislative Assembly of the ACT, Report No. 6, August 2015; General Purpose Standing Committee No. 4, The use of cannabis for medical purposes, Parliament of NSW, Report No. 27/48, May 2013. Further examples can be found in other state and territory parliaments.

[24]      Most recently, the Regulator of Medicinal Cannabis Bill 2014 was debated in the Senate as a potential pathway for regulation, culminating in a Senate committee inquiry which recommended that the bill be passed with some amendments to facilitate the scientific study of cannabis. See: Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee, Regulator of Medicinal Cannabis Bill 2014, August 2015, pp 71-73.

[25]      Department of Health, 'Narcotic Drug Amendment Bill 2016, Public Information Paper', 10 February 2016, https://www.health.gov.au/internet/ministers/publishing.nsf/Content/5E437BF8715C3EBACA257F540078A07A/$File/Public%20Information%20Paper.pdf.

Chapter 2

[1]        Mr Mark Hoffman, Submission 136, p. 1; Mr Gabriel Buckley, Submission 79, pp 1-2.

[2]        Mr Mark Hoffman, Submission 136.

[3]        Mr Mark Hoffman, Submission 136, p. 1.

[4]        Mr Gabriel Buckley, private capacity, Committee Hansard, 11 March 2016, p. 4.

[5]        Mr Gabriel Buckley, Submission 79.

[6]        Mr Mark Hoffman, Submission 136.

[7]        Dr Samuel Douglas, Committee Hansard, 11 March 2016, p. 2.

[8]        Mr Gabriel Buckley, Committee Hansard, 11 March 2016, p. 9.

[9]        Mr Mark Hoffman, Submission 136, p. 1.

[10]      Mr Seppy Pour, Submission 255, p. 5; Professor Wayne Hall, Committee Hansard, 11 March 2016, p. 4.

[11]      Mr Gabriel Buckley, Professor Wayne Hall, Dr Samuel Douglas, Committee Hansard, 11 March 2016, pp 5-6.

[12]      Drug Policy Australia, Submission 480, p. 2.

[13]      Mr Mark Hoffman, Submission 136, p. 2.

[14]      Mr Gabriel Buckley, Submission 79, p. 3.

[15]      Mr Gabriel Buckley, Professor Wayne Hall, Mr Mark Hoffman, Dr Samuel Douglas, Committee Hansard, 11 March 2016, pp 5-6.

[16]      Mr Mark Hoffman, Committee Hansard, 11 March 2016, p. 6.

[17]      Dr Samuel Douglas, Committee Hansard, 11 March 2016, p. 6.

[18]      Dr Samuel Douglas, Committee Hansard, 11 March 2016, p.6.

[19]      Mr Mark Hoffman, Committee Hansard, 11 March 2016, p. 1.

[20]      Mr Mark Hoffman, Submission 136, p. 2; Mr Tim Nixon, Submission 210; Mr Stephen Flood, Submission 206; Mr Andrew Toft, Submission 236; Mr Seppy Pour, Submission 255, p. 5.

[21]      Mr Gabriel Buckley, Submission 79, p. 4.

[22]      Mr Stephen Flood, Submission 206; Mr Andrew Toft, Submission 236.

[23]      Name withheld, Submission 248.

[24]      Public Health Association of Australia, Submission 172, p. 16.

[25]      Australian Drug Foundation, Submission 291, p. 16.

[26]      Mr Mark Hoffman, Submission 136, p. 3.

[27]      Professor Wayne Hall, Committee Hansard, 11 March 2016, p. 8.

[28]      Professor Wayne Hall, Committee Hansard, 11 March 2016, p. 8.

[29]      Mr Timothy Nixon, Committee Hansard, 11 March 2016, p. 8.

[30]      Mr Mark Hoffman, Submission 136, p. 3.

[31]      Mr Mark Hoffman, Submission 136, p. 2.

[32]      This figure relates to the fiscal balance as opposed to the underlying cash balance which does not accommodate for the lag of accrual of GST revenue; Parliamentary Budget Office, Legalising marijuana, 17 December 2015, p. 5, http://www.aph.gov.au/~/media/05%20About%20Parliament/54%20Parliamentary%20Depts/548%20Parliamentary%20Budget%20Office/Publicly%20released%20costings/17122015%20%20PBO%20%20Legalising%20marijuana.PDF?la=en (accessed 11 March 2016).

[33]      Parliamentary Budget Office, Legalising marijuana, 17 December 2015, p. 5 (accessed 11 March 2016).

[34]      Parliamentary Budget Office, Legalising marijuana, 17 December 2015, p. 2 (accessed 11 March 2016).

[35]      Mr Gabriel Buckley, Committee Hansard, 11 March 2016, p. 9.

[36]      Mr Gabriel Buckley, Committee Hansard, 11 March 2016, p. 9.

[37]      Public Health Association of Australia, Submission 172, p. 16; Mr Timothy Nixon, Committee Hansard, 11 March 2016, p. 8.

[38]      Public Health Association of Australia, Submission 172, p. 16.

[39]      Mr Seppy Pour, Submission 255, p. 5.

[40]      Dr Samuel Douglas, Committee Hansard, 11 March 2016, p. 8; Gareth Platt and Marc Vargas, Cannabis clubs of Spain: Inside the legal weed dens which are turning Barcelona into Amsterdam, 15 May 2015, http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/cannabis-clubs-spain-inside-legal-weed-dens-which-are-turning-barcelona-into-amsterdam-1501531 (accessed 15 March 2016).

Chapter 3

[1]        Department of Health, Submission 444, p. 3.

[2]        Department of Health, Submission 444, p. 3.

[3]        Department of Health, Submission 444, pp 2-3.

[4]        Department of Health, Submission 444, p. 3.

[5]        Department of Health, Submission 444, pp 2-3.

[6]        Department of Health, Submission 444, p. 2.

[7]        Department of Health, Submission 444, p. 2. See also Victorian Alcohol & Drug Association, Submission 153, p. 3.

[8]        Department of Health, Submission 444, p. 3.

[9]        Victorian Drug & Alcohol Association, Submission 153, p. 3.

[10]      Department of Health, Submission 444, p. 3.

[11]      Department of Health, Submission 444, p. 3.

[12]      National Rural Health Alliance, Submission 284, p. 8.

[13]      National Rural Health Alliance, Submission 284, p. 8.