Footnotes

Footnotes

Chapter 1 - Introduction

[1]        Journals of the Senate, No. 33—19 June 2014, p. 914.

[2]        Journals of the Senate, No. 51—3 September 2014, p. 1411.

[3]        See: Interim Report tabled 10 September 2014, available at: http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Community_Affairs/Social_Services_2014_Budget_Measures/Interim_Report (accessed 12 September 2014).

[4]        Budget 2014-15, Building a strong welfare system, available at:  http://www.budget.gov.au/2014-15/content/glossy/welfare/html/welfare_01.htm (accessed 12 September 2014).

[5]        See:  http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Community_Affairs (accessed 12 September 2014).

[6]        The Hon. Mr Kevin Andrews MP, Minister for Social Services (Minister), House of Representatives Hansard, 18 June 2014, p. 6396.

[7]        See: Department of Social Services, Budget Fact Sheet–Seniors and Age Pension, available at: http://www.dss.gov.au/about-the-department/publications-articles/corporate-publications/budget-and-additional-estimates-statements/2014-15-budget/budget-fact-sheet-seniors-and-age-pension (accessed 12 September 2014).

[8]        See: Department of Human Services, Commonwealth Seniors Health Card, http://www.humanservices.gov.au/customer/services/centrelink/commonwealth-seniors-health-card (accessed 12 September 2014).

[9]        Explanatory Memorandum (EM), Social Services and Other Legislation Amendment (2014 Budget Measures No. 1) 2014 (First Bill), p. 2.

[10]      EM, First Bill, p. 2.

[11]      EM, First Bill, p. 2.

[12]      Minister, House of Representatives Hansard, 18 June 2014, p. 6396.

[13]      EM, First Bill, p. 6.

[14]      Budget 2014-15, Budget paper No. 2: Budget Measures, Part 2: Expense Measures, p. 191, available at: http://www.budget.gov.au/2014-15/content/bp2/download/BP2_consolidated.pdf (accessed 12 September 2014)

[15]      EM, First Bill, p. 20.

[16]      Correction to EM, First Bill.

[17]      EM, First Bill, p. 24.

[18]      EM, First Bill, p. 29.

[19]      EM, First Bill, p. 32.

[20]      House of Representatives Hansard, 18 June 2014, p. 6397.

[21]      EM, First Bill, p. 32.

[22]      EM, First Bill, p. 32.

[23]      EM, First Bill, p. 36.

[24]      Budget 2014-15, Budget paper No. 2: Budget Measures, Part 2: Expense Measures, p. 199, available at: http://www.budget.gov.au/2014-15/content/bp2/download/BP2_consolidated.pdf (accessed 12 September 2014).

[25]      For information on the Social and Community Services Pay Equity Special Account Act 2012, see: http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/cth/num_act/sacspesaa2012564/s3.html (accessed 12 September 2014).

[26]      EM, First Bill, p. 32.

[27]      EM, Social Services and Other Legislation Amendment (2014 Budget Measures No. 2) 2014 (Second Bill), p. 2.

[28]      EM, Second Bill, p. 3.

[29]      Certain exemptions apply, such as for severely impaired disability support pensioners, who have no portability restrictions placed upon them.

[30]      EM, Second Bill, p. 7.

[31]      EM, Second Bill, p. 11.

[32]      Correction to EM, Second Bill, p. 2.

[33]      Minister, House of Representatives Hansard, 18 June 2014, p. 6398.

[34]      EM, Second Bill, p. 12.

[35]      Second Bill, p. 20.

[36]      EM, Second Bill, p. 24.

[37]      EM, Second Bill, p. 28.

[38]      EM, Second Bill, p. 28.

[39]      EM, Second Bill, p. 35.

[40]      Department of Social Services, Submission 66, p. 11.

[41]      EM, Second Bill, p. 48.

[42]      EM, Second Bill, p. 55.

[43]      Examination of legislation in accordance with the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011, Bills introduced 23-26 June 2014, Legislative Instruments received 7-20 June 2014, Ninth Report of the 44th Parliament, 15 July 2014, pp 71–99.

[44]      Alert Digest No. 7 of 2014, 25 June 2014, pp 35–41.

[45]      Alert Digest No. 10 of 2014, 27 August 2014, pp 473–480.

Chapter 2 - Key issues

[1]        Budget 2014-15, Building a strong welfare system, available at:  http://www.budget.gov.au/2014-15/content/glossy/welfare/html/welfare_01.htm (accessed 12 September 2014).

[2]        For example: Mr Gerard Thomas, Policy and Media Officer, National Welfare Rights Network (NWRN), Committee Hansard, 20 August 2014, p. 9.

[3]        For example: NWRN, Submission 60, p. 31.

[4]        Submission 50, p. 6.

[5]        For example: Dr Eve Bodsworth, Research and Policy Manager, Brotherhood of St Laurence, Committee Hansard, 21 August 2014, p. 24; Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS), Submission 40; NWRN, Submission 60, p. 4.

[6]        Submission 45, p. 5.

[7]        The Hon. Kevin Andrews MP, Minister for Social Services (Minister), House of Representatives Hansard, 18 June 2014, p. 6396.

[8]        Social Services and Other Legislation Amendment (2014 Budget Measures No. 2) Bill 2014 (Second Bill), Explanatory Memorandum (EM), p. 28.

[9]        For example: Professor Shelley Mallett, General Manager, Policy and Research Centre, Brotherhood of St Laurence, Committee Hansard, 21 August 2014, p. 24.

[10]      Submission 50, p. 16.

[11]      Submission 63, p. 9.

[12]      P. 28.

[13]      Submission 50, p. 18.

[14]      EM, Second Bill, p. 16.

[15]      EM, Second Bill, p. 35.

[16]      EM, Second Bill, p. 35.

[17]      P. 35.

[18]      EM, Second Bill, p. 36.

[19]      For example: Jobs Australia, Submission 56, p. 6.

[20]      Submission 49, p. 3. See also Dr John Falzon, Chief Executive Officer, St Vincent de Paul Society National Council, Committee Hansard, 21 August 2014, p. 24.

[21]      For example: Brotherhood of St Laurence, Submission 49, p. 3.

[22]      For example: Dr Ian Holland, Director, Services Development, UnitingCare Australia, Committee Hansard, 21 August 2014, p. 15; Anglicare, Submission 45.

[23]      Submission 49, p. 7.

[24]      Submission 43, p. 3.

[25]      For example: Jobs Australia, Submission 56, pp 8-9.

[26]      Submission 60, p. 18.

[27]      For example: Carers Australia, Submission 63, p. 11.

[28]      For example: Carers Australia, Submission 63, p. 11.

[29]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 50, p. 16.

[30]      Submission 45, Attachment D.

[31]      Submission 45, p. 6.

[32]      For example: Jobs Australia, Submission 56, p. 7.

[33]      Submission 43, p. 6.

[34]      Submission 50, p. 5.

[35]      Submission 50, p. 16.

[36]      Submission 50, p. 16.

[37]      Supplementary Submission 60, p. 1.

[38]      Supplementary Submission 60, p. 1.

[39]      Mr Ty Emerson, Branch Manager, Labour Market Payments Policy Branch, Committee Hansard, 21 August 2014, pp 44-45.

[40]      Proposed new subsection 1157AC(3). The Minister may determine, by legislative instrument, that the waiting period be reduced as a result of previous periods of gainful work. The reduced waiting period must be at least four weeks.

[41]      See proposed new sections 1157AF and 1157AG.

[42]      Farm Household Support Act 2014.

[43]      Department of Social Services, Budget Fact Sheet – Working age payments, available at: http://www.dss.gov.au/about-the-department/publications-articles/corporate-publications/budget-and-additional-estimates-statements/2014-15-budget/budget-fact-sheet-working-age-payments (accessed 12 September 2014).

[44]      Mr Ty Emerson, Committee Hansard, 21 August 2014, p. 47.

[45]      Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights, Second Bill, p. 20.

[46]      See proposed new section 1157AB.

[47]      C Ey, M Klapdor, M Thomas, P Yeend, Social Services and Other Legislation Amendment (2014 Budget Measures No. 2) Bill 2014, Bills Digest No. 16, 2014-15, Parliamentary Library, Canberra, 2014, p. 40.

[48]      EM, Social Services and Other Legislation Amendment (2014 Budget Measures No. 1) Bill 2014 (First Bill), p. 9.

[49]      EM, First Bill, p. 10.

[50]      See section 19C of the Social Security Act 1991.

[51]      EM, First Bill, p. 9.

[52]      For example: Mr Peter Davidson, Senior Adviser, ACOSS, Committee Hansard, 20 August 2014, p. 3.

[53]      EM, First Bill, p. 10.

[54]      For example: NWRN, Submission 60, p. 14.

[55]      Minister, House of Representatives Hansard, 18 June 2014, p. 6397.

[56]      House of Representatives Hansard, 18 June 2014, p. 6397.

[57]      P Yeend, L Buckmaster, Social Services and Other Legislation Amendment (2014 Budget Measures No. 1) Bill 2014, Bills Digest No. 14, 2014-15, pp 15-16.

[58]      P Yeend, L Buckmaster, Social Services and Other Legislation Amendment (2014 Budget Measures No. 1) Bill 2014, Bills Digest No. 14, 2014-15, p. 17.

[59]      EM, First Bill, p. 24.

[60]      EM, First Bill, p. 28.

[61]      For example: Jobs Australia, Submission 56, p. 4.

[62]      Submission 56, p. 4.

[63]      For example: People With Disability Australia, Submission 58, p. 6; NWRN, Submission 60, p. 25.

[64]      Submission 63, p. 5.

[65]      Submission 63, p. 5.

[66]      Submission 50, p. 31.

[67]      Submission 60, pp 24–25.

[68]      Submission 50, p. 31. The purpose of the 'program of support' requirement is to assist DSP recipients to improve their work capacity. See Department of Human Services, Disability Support Pension, available at: http://www.humanservices.gov.au/customer/services/centrelink/disability-support-pension (accessed 12 September 2014).

[69]      Dr Ian Holland, Committee Hansard, 21 August 2014, p. 18.

[70]      Submission 50, p. 31. See also Department of Social Services (DSS), More accurate and efficient Disability Support Pension assessments, available at: http://www.dss.gov.au/our-responsibilities/disability-and-carers/benefits-payments/disability-support-pension-dsp-better-and-fairer-assessments/more-accurate-and-efficient-disability-support-pension-assessments (accessed 12 September 2014).

[71]      EM, First Bill, p. 25.

[72]      Minister, Expanding Disability Employment Services, Media Release, 13 May 2014, available at:  http://kevinandrews.com.au/latest-news/2014/05/13/expanding-disability-employment-services-budget-joint-media-release-w-minister-fifield/ (accessed 12 September 2014).

[73]      EM, First Bill, p. 28.

[74]      Department of Human Services (DHS), Budget 2014-15: Disability Support Pension – reduced portability, available at: http://www.humanservices.gov.au/corporate/publications-and-resources/budget/1415/measures/disability-and-carers/65-000801 (accessed 12 September 2014).

[75]      DHS, Budget 2014-15: Disability Support Pension – reduced portability, available at: http://www.humanservices.gov.au/corporate/publications-and-resources/budget/1415/measures/disability-and-carers/65-000801 (accessed 12 September 2014).

[76]      For example: Name Withheld, Submission 2; Mr Kenneth Cole, Submission 3; Name Withheld, Submission 5; Name Withheld, Submission 6; Name Withheld, Submission 9; Name Withheld, Submission 10.

[77]      For example: Mr Kenneth Cole, Submission 3, p. 1.

[78]      For example: Name Withheld, Submission 7, p. 1; Name Withheld, Submission 1, p. 1; Ms Emma Corcoran, Submission 20, pp 1–3.

[79]      For example: Name Withheld, Submission 21, p. 1.

[80]      Mr Peter Hutchinson, Acting Branch Manager, Eligibility and Participation Policy Branch, Committee Hansard, 21 August 2014, p. 61.

[81]      Ms Alanna Foster, Acting Group Manager, Social Security Policy, Budget Estimates Hansard, 4 June 2014, p. 119.

[82]      Submission 66, p. 8.

[83]      Ms Serena Wilson, Deputy Secretary, Department of Social Security, Budget Estimates Hansard, 4 June 2014, p. 119;  Submission 66, p. 8.

[84]      For example: National Disability Services, Submission 30; GetUp Member Submissions, Submission 35a; Australian Council of Social Services, Submission 50; Carers Australia, Submission 63.

[85]      EM, First Bill, p. 36.

[86]      Submission 42, p. 2.

[87]      Submission 60, p. 28.

[88]      Submission 66, p. 6.

[89]      EM, First Bill, p. 20. The committee notes that as these Bills did not pass by 1 July 2014 these free areas and thresholds were indexed in line with existing legislative provisions on that date. This delay has resulted in a reduction to the announced savings.

[90]      Submission 66, p. 4.

[91]      Submission 66, p. 7.

[92]      Submission 66, p. 7.

[93]      Submission 66, p. 7.

[94]      Budget Estimates Hansard, 4 June 2014, p. 98.

[95]      M Klapdor, Changed indexation of pensions and tightened eligibility for all benefits, Budget Review Paper, available at: http://www.aph.gov.au/about_parliament/parliamentary_departments/parliamentary_library/pubs/rp/budgetreview201415/indexation (accessed 12 September 2014).

[96]      EM, First Bill, p. 20.

[97]      EM, Second Bill, p. 2.

[98]      DSS, Submission 66, p. 3.

[99]      For example: NWRN, Submission 60, p. 20.

[100]    For example: Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 50, p. 34.

[101]    Submission 30, p. 4.

[102]    Submission 63, p. 3.

[103]    Submission 63, p. 3.

[104]    For example: St Vincent de Paul, Submission 27, p. 3; NWRN, Submission 60, p. 18; Carers Australia, Submission 63, pp 6–7.

[105]    Submission 27, p. 3.

[106]    National Council of Young Mothers and their Children, Submission 46, p. 4.

[107]    Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission 48, p. 15.

[108]    Submission 63, p. 7.

[109]    Submission 63, p. 7.

[110]    Submission 59, p. 7.

[111]    Submission 41, p. 8.

[112]    Submission 66, p. 7.

[113]    EM, Second Bill, pp 3–4.

[114]    EM, Second Bill, p. 4.

[115]    EM, Second Bill, p. 4.

[116]    Budget Estimates Hansard, 4 June 2014, p. 110.

[117]    Budget Estimates Hansard, 4 June 2014, p. 110.

[118]    Budget Estimates Hansard, 4 June 2014, p. 111.

[119]    For example: Fair Go for Pensioners Coalition, Submission 55; National Seniors, Submission 57, pp 5-6; COTA Australia, Submission 59.

[120]    Fair Go for Pensioners Coalition Submission 55, p. 2; COTA Australia, Submission 59, p. 10.

[121]    Fair Go for Pensioners Coalition Submission 55, p. 3; COTA Australia, Submission 59, p. 10.

[122]    Submission 59, p. 10.

[123]    Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights, Second Bill, p. 22; DSS, Submission 66, p. 12.

[124]    House of Representatives Hansard, 18 June 2014, p. 6398.

[125]    National Council of Single Mothers and their Children, Submission 46, p. 5.

[126]    For example: Uniting Care, Submission 42, p. 4; NWRN, Submission 60, p. 28.

[127]    DSS, Submission 66, p. 12.

[128]    Submission 52, p. 6.

[129]    Submission 52.

[130]    EM, Second Bill, p. 23.

[131]    Submission 52, p. 7.

[132]    Submission 50, p. 27.

[133]    Submission 66, p. 13.

[134]    Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights, Second Bill, p. 23.

[135]    DSS, Submission 66, p. 13.

[136]    For example: FamilyValues Australia, Submission 52, p. 7.

[137]    Submission 60, p. 29.

[138]    Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights, Second Bill, p. 23.

[139]    DSS, Submission 66, p. 12.

[140]    Submission 52, p. 7.

[141]    UnitingCare, Submission 42, p. 4; National Council of Single Mothers and their Children, Submission 46, p. 5; Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 50, p. 27.

[142]    Submission 60, p. 29.

[143]    Submission 60, p. 29.

[144]    Minister, House of Representatives Hansard, 18 June 2014, p. 6396.

[145]    Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights, Second Bill, p. 23.

[146]    Submission 66, p. 13.

[147]    Submission 42, p. 4.

[148]    Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights, Second Bill, p. 23.

[149]    Submission 66, p. 13.

[150]    Fair Go for Pensioners Coalition, Submission 55, p. 4.

[151]    EM, Second Bill, p. 55.

[152]    P. 56.

[153]    P. 24.

[154]    Submission 59, p. 5.

[155]    For example: NWRN, Submission 60, p. 22.

[156]    Minister, House of Representatives Hansard, 18 June 2014, p. 6401.

[157]    Minister, House of Representatives Hansard, 18 June 2014, p. 6401.

[158]    DSS, Submission 66, p. 2.

[159]    DHS, Seniors Supplement, available at: http://www.humanservices.gov.au/customer/services/centrelink/seniors-supplement (accessed 12 September 2014).

[160]    DSS, Submission 66, p. 2.

[161]    DSS, Submission 66, p. 2.

[162]    For example: UnitingCare Australia, Submission 42, p. 4; NWRN, Submission 60, p. 31.

[163]    Submission 50, p. 23.

[164]    Submission 55, p. 4.

[165]    Submission 59, p. 11.

[166]    Submission 42, p. 4. Also see: Fair Go for Pensioners Coalition, Submission 55, p. 4.

[167]    Budget 2014-15, Budget paper No. 2: Budget Measures, Part 2: Expense Measures, available at: http://www.budget.gov.au/2014-15/content/bp2/html/bp2_expense-21.htm (accessed 12 September 2014).

[168]    EM, First Bill, p. 29.

[169]    EM, First Bill, p. 29.

[170]    EM, First Bill, p. 30.

[171]    For example: Australian Technology Network of Universities, Submission 31, p. 2.

[172]    EM, First Bill, p. 29.

[173]    Submission 31, p. 2.

[174]    Ms Deanna Taylor, President, and Mr Jack Gracie, National Welfare Officer, Committee Hansard, 21 August 2014, p. 38.

[175]    EM, Second Bill, p. 18.

[176]    Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights, Second Bill, p. 7.

[177]    Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights, Second Bill, p. 7.

[178]    Submission 31, p. 2.

[179]    Submission 31, p. 3.

[180]    Submission 65, pp. 7-8.

[181]    See Schedules 6 and 7 of the Second Bill.

[182]    Recipients of Newstart Allowance, Parenting Payment Partnered, Partner Allowance or Widow Allowance who have received payment continuously for at least 12 months. A person may also be eligible if they are receiving Carer Payment, DSP, Parenting Payment Single, Special Benefit (in some cases), Widow B Pension or Wife Pension subject to certain eligibility criteria. Refer C Ey, M Klapdor, M Thomas, P Yeend, Social Services and Other Legislation Amendment (2014 Budget Measures No. 2) Bill 2014, Bills digest, 16, 2014-15, Parliamentary Library, Canberra, 2014, p. 32 ( accessed 29 August 2014).

[183]    EM, Second Bill, p. 24.

[184]    For example: Carers Australia, Submission 63, pp 7-8; NWRN, Submission 60, pp 26-27.

[185]    Submission 66, p. 10.

[186]    For example: UnitingCare Australia, Submission 42, pp 1-2.

[187]    Submission 59, p. 6.

Dissenting Report from Labor Senators

[1]        Committee Hansard, 20 August 2014, p.7.

[2]        Australian Council of Social Services, Submission 50, p. 5.

[3]        Fair Go for Pensioners, Submission 55, p. 2.

[4]        National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 60, p. 18.

[5]        Committee Hansard, 21 August 2014, p. 3.

[6]        Committee Hansard, 21 August 2014, p. 1.

[7]        Committee Hansard, 21 August 2014, p. 1.

[8]        Pension Review Report, p. 146, http://www.dss.gov.au/about-the-department/publications-articles/corporate-publications/budget-and-additional-estimates-statements/pension-review-report

[9]        National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 60, p. 22.

[10]      Council of the Ageing, Submission 59, p. 5.

[11]      Council of the Ageing, Submission 59, p. 10.

[12]      National Seniors Australia, Submission 57, p. 5.

[13]      Fair Go for Pensioners, Submission 55, p. 3.

[14]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 60, p. 8.

[15]      Document tabled by ACOSS 20 August 2014, A Budget that divides the nation, pp 8-9, http://acoss.org.au/images/uploads/ACOSS_2014-15_Budget_analysis_-_WEB.pdf .

[16]      St Vincent de Paul Society, Submission 27, p. 8.

[17]      Committee Hansard, 21 August 2014, p. 16..

[18]      UnitingCare, Submission 42, p. 2.

[19]      ACOSS, Submission 50, p. 1.

[20]      Brotherhood of St Laurence, Submission 49, p. 7.        

[21]      National Disability Services, Submission 30, p. 4.

[22]      St Vincent de Paul Society, Submission 27, p. 3.

[23]      People with Disability Australia, Submission 58, p. 3.

[24]      People with Disability Australia, Submission 58, p. 3.   

[25]      Carers Australia, Submission 63, p. 6.

[26]      See, for example, ACOSS, Submission 50, p. 33.

[27]      Committee Hansard, 20 August 2014, p. 2.

[28]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 60, p. 28.

[29]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 60 , p. 28.

[30]      ACTU, Submission 48, p. 15.

[31]      National Council of Single Mothers and Their Children, Submission 46, p. 1.

[32]      UnitingCare, Submission 42, p. 3.

[33]      Evidence presented to the Committee public hearing, 20 August 2014.

[34]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 60, p. 29.

[35]      ACTU, Submission 48, p. 14.

[36]      ACTU, Submission 48, p. 1 4.

Australian Greens' Dissenting Report

[1]        National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 60, p. 3.

[2]        St Vincent de Paul National Council, Submission 27, p. 2.

[3]        National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 60, p. 5.

[4]        National Seniors Australia, Submission 57, p. 2.

[5]        Young Opportunities Australia, Submission 43, p. 1.

[6]        National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 60, p. 4.

[7]        People with Disability Australia, Submission 58, p. 2.

[8]        National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 60, p. 7.

[9]        Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 50, p. 23.

[10]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 50, p. 23.

[11]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 60, p. 20.

[12]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 60, p. 19.

[13]      National Council of Single Mothers and their Children, Submission 46, p. 4.

[14]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 50, p. 3.

[15]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 60, p. 20.

[16]      St Vincent de Paul National Council, Submission 27, p. 4.

[17]      Uniting Care Australia, Submission 42, p. 3.

[18]      Jack Gracie, National Welfare Officer, National Union of Students Inc., Committee Hansard, 21 August 2014, p. 38.

[19]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 60, p. 17.

[20]      Peter Davidson, Senior Adviser, Australian Council of Social Service, Committee Hansard, 20 August 2014, p. 3.

[21]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 50, p. 25.

[22]      Dr Goldie, Australian Council of Social Service, Committee Hansard, 20 August 2014, p. 2.

[23]      COTA Australia, Submission 59, p. 10.

[24]      National Seniors Australia, Submission 57, p. 5.

[25]      Mr Ian Yates, Committee Hansard, 21 August 2014, pp 1-2.

[26]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 50, p. 34.

[27]      St Vincent de Paul National Council, Submission 27, p. 3.

[28]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 50, p. 8.

[29]      Disability Support and Carers Alliance, Submission 14, p. 1.

[30]      Uniting Care Australia, Submission 42, p. 4.

[31]      National Union of Students, Submission 65, p. 7.

[32]      Combined Pensioners Superannuants Assoc., Submission 44, p. 5.

[33]      Uniting Care Australia, Submission 42, p. 3.

[34]      Australian Technology Network of Universities, Submission 31, p. 1.

[35]      Youth Affairs Council of South Australia Inc., Submission 33, p. 3.

[36]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 50, pp 1-2.

[37]      St Vincent de Paul National Council, Submission 27, p. 8.

[38]      National Union of Students, Submission 65, p. 5.

[39]      David Francis Thompson, CEO, Jobs Australia, Committee Hansard, 20 August 2014, p. 19.

[40]      Youth Affairs Council of South Australia, Submission 33, p. 4.

[41]      Brotherhood of St Laurence, Submission 49, p. 11

[42]      National Council of Single Mothers and their Children, Submission 46, p. 5.

[43]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 60, p. 28.

[44]      Uniting Care Australia, Submission 42, p. 3.

[45]      COTA Australia, Submission 59, p. 8.

[46]      COTA Australia, Submission 59, p. 3.

[47]      National Seniors Australia, Submission 57, p. 6.

[48]      COTA Australia, Submission 59, p. 3.