Gene Patents

Gene Patents

26 November 2010

© Commonwealth of Australia 2010
ISBN 978-1-74229-384-4

View the report as a single document - (PDF 834KB)


View the report as separate downloadable parts:

Spacer Image
MEMBERSHIP OF THE COMMITTEE (PDF 12KB)
 
ABBREVIATIONS (PDF 7KB)
 
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (PDF 25KB)

Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5

 
RECOMMENDATIONS (PDF 23KB)
 
CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION (PDF 13KB)

Terms of reference
Conduct of the inquiry
The report
Terminology used in this report

 
CHAPTER 2 - BACKGROUND TO THE INQUIRY (PDF 105KB)

INTRODUCTION
The BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene patents
Attempted enforcement of rights over BRCA genes by Genetic Technologies
AUSTRALIA'S PATENT SYSTEM
Definition of a patent
Purpose of the patent system
Nature of patent rights
Requirements for grant of a patent
Challenging patents
International patent system
Previous and current inquiries relevant to gene patents

 
CHAPTER 3 - THE IMPACT OF GENE PATENTS (PDF 153KB)

INTRODUCTION
Provision and costs of healthcare
Training and accreditation for healthcare professionals
Progress in medical research
Health and wellbeing of the Australian people
CONCLUSION

 
CHAPTER 4 - EXPRESS PROHIBITION OF GENE PATENTS (PDF 166KB)

INTRODUCTION
Types of gene patents
Extension of patent law to human genes and genetic materials
Should the Patents Act 1990 be amended so as to expressly prohibit the grant of patent monopolies over human genes and genetic materials?
Discovery v invention
Ethical objections to gene patents
Impacts of express prohibition on gene patents
Effectiveness of express prohibition on gene patents
Barriers to express prohibition on gene patents
Alternatives to express prohibition on gene patents
CONCLUSION

 
CHAPTER 5 - MEASURES TO AMELIORATE ANY ADVERSE IMPACTS OF GENE PATENTS (PDF 167KB)

INTRODUCTION
Raising the thresholds of patentability
Manner of manufacture
Inventive step
Usefulness
Full description and fair basis
OTHER MEASURES
Crown use provisions
Compulsory licensing
Research exemption
Inclusion of anti-avoidance provisions in Patents Act 1990
Inclusion of objects in Patents Act 1990
'PBS' style approach
External accountability/patent quality mechanisms
Patent pools
CONCLUSION

 
ADDITIONAL COMMENTS - SENATORS COONAN AND HEFFERNAN. (PDF 5KB)
 
ADDITIONAL COMMENTS - SENATOR BOYCE (PDF 4KB)
 
APPENDIX 1 - LIST OF PUBLIC SUBMISSIONS, TABLED DOCUMENTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION AUTHORISED FOR PUBLICATION BY THE COMMITTEE (PDF 24KB)
 
APPENDIX 2 - WITNESSES WHO APPEARED BEFORE THE COMMITTEE AT PUBLIC HEARINGS (PDF 11KB)

For further information, contact:

Department of the Senate
PO Box 6100
Parliament House
Canberra ACT 2600
Australia

Phone: +61 2 6277 3515
Fax: +61 2 6277 5829
Email: community.affairs.sen@aph.gov.au

Top