Footnotes

Footnotes

Chapter 2 - Particulate matter sources and effects

[1]        Mr Buffier, Chief Executive Officer, New South Wales Environmental Protection Authority, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 1.

[2]        Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 3.

[3]        Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 7.

[4]        Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 8.

[5]        Centre for Air Quality and Health Research and Evaluation, Submission 29, pp. 1–2.

[6]        Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, pp. 7–8.

[7]        Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 8.

[8]        Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 7.

[9]        Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 4.

[10]      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 4.

[11]      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 8.

[12]      Centre for Air Quality and Health Research and Evaluation, Submission 29, p. 3.

[13]      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p.15.

[14]      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 3.

[15]      Lim SS, Vos T, Flaxman AD, Danaei G, Shibuya K, Adair-Rohani H, et al. 'A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010.' The Lancet, 2012;380(9859):2224-60.

[16]      Centre for Air Quality and Health Research and Evaluation, Submission 29, p. 3.

[17]      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 3.

[18]      Centre for Air Quality and Health Research and Evaluation, Submission 29, p. 3.

[19]      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 4.

[20]      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 8.

[21]      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 9.

[22]      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p.4.

[23]      Asthma Foundation NSW, Submission 50, p. 20.

[24]      Centre for Air Quality and Health Research and Evaluation, Submission 29, p. 3.

[25]      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p.15.

[26]      Leech, JA; Nelson WC; Burnett RT; Aaron S; Raizenne ME, 'It's about time: a comparison of Canadian and American time-activity patterns', Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology, vol. 12 no. 6, November 2002, 431.

[27]      Professor Morawska, International Laboratory for Air Quality and Health, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 2.

[28]      Centre for Air Quality and Health Research and Evaluation, Submission 29, p. 5.

[29]      Environment and Sustainable Development Directorate of the ACT, Submission 30, p. 1.

[30]      See, Doctors for the Environment Australia, Submission 4, p. 3; Centre for Air Quality and Health Research and Evaluation, Submission 29, p. 3; Asthma Foundation NSW, Submission 50, p. 20; Australian Network of Environmental Defender’s Offices, Submission 85, p. 5; Dr Adrian Barnett, Submission 92, p. 1.

[31]      Mr Buffier, Chief Executive Officer, New South Wales Environmental Protection Authority, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, pp. 2–3; see also New South Wales Environmental Protection Authority, Submission 80, p. 19.

[32]      Centre for Air Quality and Health Research and Evaluation, Submission 29, p. 4.

[33]      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 4.

[34]      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p.12.

[35]      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p.12.

[36]      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p.12.

[37]      Centre for Air Quality and Health Research and Evaluation, Submission 29, p. 4, Australian Medical Association, Submission 114, pp. 6–7.

[38]      Dr Adrian Barnett, Queensland University of Technology, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 1.

[39]      Australian Medical Association, Submission 114, p. 8.

[40]      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 7.

Chapter 3 - Standards and monitoring of air quality

[1]        National Environmental Protection Council, Ambient Air Quality NEPM Review, Adelaide, 2011, p. 9.

[2]        National standards for criteria air pollutants in Australia – Air quality fact sheet, Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2005, available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/atmosphere/airquality/publications/standards.html (accessed: 03/04/13)

[3]        Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 13.

[4]        Centre for Air quality and health Research and evaluation, Submission 25, p. 5.

[5]        National standards for criteria air pollutants in Australia – Air quality fact sheet, Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2005, available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/atmosphere/airquality/publications/standards.html (accessed: 03/04/13)

[6]        National standards for criteria air pollutants in Australia – Air quality fact sheet, Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2005, available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/atmosphere/airquality/publications/standards.html (accessed: 03/04/13)

[7]        National Environmental Protection Council, Ambient Air Quality NEPM Review, Adelaide, 2011, p. 14.

[8]        Professor Morawska, International Laboratory for Air Quality and Health, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 10.

[9]        Professor Smith, New South Wales Department of Health, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 6.

[10]      National Environmental Protection Council, Ambient Air Quality NEPM Review, Adelaide, 2011, p. 21.

[11]      National Environmental Protection Council, Ambient Air Quality NEPM Review, Adelaide, 2011, p. 3.

[12]      National Environmental Protection Council, Ambient Air Quality NEPM Review, Adelaide, 2011, p. 28.

[13]      National Environmental Protection Council, Ambient Air Quality NEPM Review, Adelaide, 2011, p. 5.

[14]      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 13.

[15]      Dr Wright, First Assistant Secretary, Environment Quality Division, SEWPaC, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 59.

[16]      Dr Wright, First Assistant Secretary, Environment Quality Division, SEWPaC, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 64.

[17]      Victoria EPA, Submission 110, p. 9.

[18]      Centre for Air quality and health Research and evaluation, Submission 25, p. 5.

[19]      Australian Medical Association, Submission 114, p. 11.

[20]      National Environmental Protection Council, Ambient Air Quality NEPM Review, Adelaide, 2011, p. 19.

[21]      National Environmental Protection Council, Ambient Air Quality NEPM Review, Adelaide, 2011, p. 29.

[22]      Professor Smith, New South Wales Department of Health, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, pp. 6–8.

[23]      National Environmental Protection Council, Ambient Air Quality NEPM Review, Adelaide, 2011, p. 14.

[24]      Australian Medical Association, Submission 114, p. 10; Ms Roberts, Campaign Organiser, Communities Protecting Our Regions, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 45; Cleanairtas, Submission 81, p. [7]; Australian Network of Environmental Defender's Offices Inc., Submission 85, p. 2; Mr Hutton, President, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 52.

[25]      National Environmental Protection Council, Summary of submissions received in relation to the Draft Variation to the National Environmental Protection (Ambient Air Quality) Measure for Particles as PM2.5 and National Environmental Protection Council's responses to those submissions, Adelaide, 2003, pp. 1–2

[26]      Mr Buffier, Chief Executive Officer, New South Wales Environmental Protection Authority, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 2.

[27]      National Environmental Protection Council, Ambient Air Quality NEPM Review, Adelaide, 2011, p. 28.

[28]      Environmental Protection Authority Victoria, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 37.

[29]      Mr Buffier, Chief Executive Officer, New South Wales Environmental Protection Authority, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 2.

[30]      Lake Macquarie City Council, Submission 15, p. 3.

[31]      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Submission 48, p. 4; Doctors for the Environment, Submission 4, p. 5.

[32]      Professor Morawska, International Laboratory for Air Quality and Health, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 2.

[33]      Australian Medical Association, Submission 114, p. 5.

[34]      International Laboratory for Air Quality and Health, Submission 53, p. 4.

[35]      National Environmental Protection Council, Ambient Air Quality NEPM Review, Adelaide, 2011, p. 22.

[36]      Professor Taylor, Professor of Environmental Science, Macquarie University, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, pp. 21,25.

[37]      Dr Jeremijenko, Occupational and Environmental Physician – Australasian Faculty of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 62.

[38]      Mr McCombe, Assistant Director – Environmental Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 28.

[39]      Surf Coast Air Action, Submission 52, p. 1; Islington Village Community Group, Submission 54, p. 4.

[40]      Mr Hutton, President, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 55.

[41]      Associate Professor Carey, Member – Management Committee, Doctors for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 3.

[42]      Ms Bragg, representative, Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 64.

[43]      Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices, Submission 85, p. 2; Wilderness Society of Newcastle, Submission 99, p. [9].

[44]      Mrs Goldman, Chief Executive Officer, Asthma Foundation New South Wales, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 41.

[45]      Ms Bragg, representative, Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 64; Mr Hutton, President, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 55.

[46]      Hunter Valley Protection Alliance, Submission 19; Environment Victoria, Submission 27.

[47]      Port Adelaide Resident's Environmental Protection Group, Submission 108, pp. 4–5; Hunter Community Environment Centre, Submission 5, p. 3; Greenpeace Australia Pacific, Submission 43; Nature Conservation Council of New South Wales, Submission 58, p. [3].

[48]      Ms Dix, Member Representative, Moranbah Cumulative Impacts Group, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 46.

[49]      Port Augusta City Council, Submission 12, p. 1.

[50]      Western Australian Government, Submission 155, pp. 4–5; Victoria EPA, Submission 110, p. 11;

[51]      New South Wales EPA, Submission 80, p. 17.

[52]      National Environmental Protection Council, Ambient Air Quality NEPM Review, Adelaide, 2011, p. 32.

[53]      National Environmental Protection Council, Ambient Air Quality NEPM Review, Adelaide, 2011, p. 32.

[54]      New South Wales EPA, Submission 80, p. 17.

[55]      Western Australian Government, Submission 155, p. 3; Victoria EPA, Submission 110, p. 11

[56]      Victoria EPA, Submission 110, p. 11.

[57]      National Environmental Protection Council, Ambient Air Quality NEPM Review, Adelaide, 2011, p. 15.

[58]      Australian Medical Association, Submission 114, p. 11.

[59]      Associate Professor Carey, Member – Management Committee, Doctors for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 1.

[60]      Environment Victoria, Submission 27, p. 1.

[61]      Ms Dix, Member Representative, Moranbah Cumulative Impacts Group, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 46.

[62]      Professor Morawska, International Laboratory for Air Quality and Health, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 2.

[63]      Ms Dobson, Senior Policy Officer, Australian Medical Association, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 42.

[64]      Ms Dix, Member Representative, Moranbah Cumulative Impacts Group, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 46.

[65]      Ms Bragg, representative, Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 59.

[66]      Associate Professor Carey, Member – Management Committee, Doctors for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 5.

[67]      Australian Medical Association, Submission 114, p. 12.

[68]      National Environmental Protection Council, Ambient Air Quality NEPM Review, Adelaide, 2011, pp. 5–6.

[69]      Ms Dix, Member Representative, Moranbah Cumulative Impacts Group, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 47.

[70]      Mr Hutton, President, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 52.

[71]      Professor Taylor, Professor of Environmental Science, Macquarie University, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 21.

[72]      Mr Merritt, Chief Executive Officer, Environment Protection Authority Victoria, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 39.

[73]      North Queensland Bulk Ports Corporation, Submission 148, p. 4.

[74]      Mr Merritt, Chief Executive Officer, Environment Protection Authority Victoria, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 39.

[75]      Professor Shearman, Honorary Secretary, Doctors for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 3.

[76]      Mackay Conservation Group, Submission 8, p. 3.

[77]      Ms Bragg, representative, Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 59.

[78]      Associate Professor Carey, Member – Management Committee, Doctors for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 3.

[79]      North Queensland Bulk Ports Corporation, Submission 148, p. 4.

[80]      Mr Torre, Principle Expert – Air Quality, Environment Protection Authority Victoria, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 34.

[81]      Ms Bragg, representative, Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, pp. 58–59.

[82]      Associate Professor Carey, Member – Management Committee, Doctors for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 4.

[83]      Dr Redenbach, Representative, Quit Coal, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 55.

[84]      Ms Bragg, representative, Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 59.

[85]      Dr Redenbach, Representative, Quit Coal, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 53.

[86]      North Queensland Bulk Ports Corporation, answer to question on notice, 11 June 2013 (received 20 June 2013).

Chapter 4 - Coal

[1]        NSW Environmental Protection Agency, Submission 80, pp. 10–11.

[2]        Mr McCombe, Assistant Director – Environmental Policy, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 23.

[3]        Mr Krey, Member, Hunter Valley Protection Alliance, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 12.

[4]        Ms Roberts, Campaign Organiser, Communities Protecting Our Regions, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, pp. 44–45.

[5]        Mr Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 12.

[6]        Dr Redenbach, Representative, Quit Coal, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 51.

[7]        Dr Jeremijenko, Occupational and Environmental Physician – Australasian Faculty of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, pp. 61, 63.

[8]        Mr Stewart–Harris, Deputy Chief Executive Officer, North Queensland Bulk Ports Corporation, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 35.

[9]        Mr Stewart–Harris, Deputy Chief Executive Officer, North Queensland Bulk Ports Corporation, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 36.

[10]      Ms Hammond, private capacity, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 28.

[11]      Ms Dix, Member Representative, Moranbah Cumulative Impacts Group, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 46.

[12]      Mrs Goldman, Chief Executive Officer, Asthma Foundation New South Wales, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 41.

[13]      Mrs Goldman, Chief Executive Officer, Asthma Foundation New South Wales, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 43.

[14]      Ms Hammond, private capacity, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 28.

[15]      Dr Jeremijenko, Occupational and Environmental Physician – Australasian Faculty of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 61.

[16]      Ms Woods, Senior Climate Campaigner, Greenpeace Australia Pacific, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 29.

[17]      Associate Professor Carey, Member – Management Committee, Doctors for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 3.

[18]      Ms Roberts, Campaign Organiser, Communities Protecting Our Regions, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 44.

[19]      Ms Dix, Member Representative, Moranbah Cumulative Impacts Group, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 46.

[20]      Dr Jeremijenko, Occupational and Environmental Physician – Australasian Faculty of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 58.

[21]      Dr Jeremijenko, Occupational and Environmental Physician – Australasian Faculty of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 61.

[22]      Dr Jeremijenko, Occupational and Environmental Physician – Australasian Faculty of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, pp. 62–3.

[23]      Mrs Goldman, Chief Executive Officer, Asthma Foundation New South Wales, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 44; Mr Hutton, President, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 52.

[24]      Mr Hutton, President, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 55.

[25]      Ms Bragg, representative, Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 64.

[26]      Ms Bragg, representative, Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 64.

[27]      Mr Wagner, Executive Director, Northern Territory Division, Minerals Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 21.

[28]      Mr Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 19.

[29]      Mr Brunner, General Manager – Planning, Hay Point, North Queensland Bulk Ports Corporation, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 39.

[30]      Mr Brunner, General Manager – Planning, Hay Point, North Queensland Bulk Ports Corporation, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 43.

[31]      Dr Smith, Friends of the Earth, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 32.

[32]      Dr Smith, Friends of the Earth, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 32.

[33]      Mr Brunner, General Manager – Planning, Hay Point, North Queensland Bulk Ports Corporation, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, pp. 38, 42, .

[34]      Mr Gordon, Spokesperson, Stop Brisbane Coal Trains, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 50; Mrs Goldman, Chief Executive Officer, Asthma Foundation New South Wales, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 44.

[35]      Dr Jeremijenko, Occupational and Environmental Physician – Australasian Faculty of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 63.

[36]      Mrs Goldman, Chief Executive Officer, Asthma Foundation New South Wales, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 46.

[37]      NSW Minerals Council, Submission 71, p. 10.

[38]      Mr Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 12.

[39]      Queensland Resources Council, answer to question on notice 1 June 2013 (received 26 June 2013), p. 26.

[40]      Queensland Resources Council, answer to question on notice 1 June 2013 (received 26 June 2013), p. 28.

[41]      Mr Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 17.

[42]      Mr Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 13.

[43]      Mr Roche, Chief Executive, Queensland Resources Council, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 12.

[44]      Mr Stewart-Harris, Deputy Chief Executive Officer, North Queensland Bulk Ports Corporation, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 38.

[45]      Mr Brunner, General Manager – Planning, Hay Point, North Queensland Bulk Ports Corporation, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, pp. 38–39.

[46]      Dr Redenbach, Representative, Quit Coal, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 56.

[47]      Associate Professor Carey, Member – Management Committee, Doctors for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 2.

[48]      Ms Woods, Senior Climate Campaigner, Greenpeace Australia Pacific, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 30.

[49]      Mr Hutton, President, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 52.

[50]      Mr Buffier, Chief Executive Officer, New South Wales Environmental Protection Authority, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 10.

[51]      Mr Davey, Director – North Branch, New South Wales Environmental Protection Authority, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 9.

[52]      Mr Hutton, President, Lock the Gate Alliance, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 52.

[53]      Associate Professor Carey, Member – Management Committee, Doctors for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 4.

[54]      Mr Davey, Director – North Branch, New South Wales Environmental Protection Authority, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 9.

[55]      Mr Buffier, Chief Executive Officer, New South Wales Environmental Protection Authority, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 2.

[56]      Mr Buffier, Chief Executive Officer, New South Wales Environmental Protection Authority, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 2.

[57]      Mr Davey, Director – North Branch, New South Wales Environmental Protection Authority, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 8; Mr Buffier, Chief Executive Officer, New South Wales Environmental Protection Authority, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 10.

[58]      Ms Bragg, representative, Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 52.

[59]      Permit Number: MIN100550507, tabled by the Queensland Environmental Defenders' Office, 11 June 2013, p. 3.

[60]      Ms Bragg, representative, Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 59; Associate Professor Carey, Member – Management Committee, Doctors for the Environment, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 5.

[61]      Dr Jeremijenko, Occupational and Environmental Physician – Australasian Faculty of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 58.

[62]      Associate Professor Higginbotham, Committee Member – Dust and Health Committee, Hunter Community Environment Centre, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 14.

[63]      Associate Professor Higginbotham, Committee Member – Dust and Health Committee, Hunter Community Environment Centre, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, pp. 14–15.

[64]      Mrs Goldman, Chief Executive Officer, Asthma Foundation New South Wales, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 44.

[65]      Professor Jalaludin, Centre for Air Quality and Health Research and Evaluation, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 32.

Chapter 5 - Diesel and non-road engines

[1]        Dr Hambleton, President, Australian Medical Association, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 41.

[2]        International Agency for Research on Cancer, IARC: Diesel Engine Exhaust Carcinogen, press release no. 213, 12 June 2012.

[3]        Professor Ristovski, International Laboratory for Air Quality and Health, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 5.

[4]        Dr Adrian Barnett, Submission 92, p. 2.

[5]        Dr Hambleton, President, Australian Medical Association, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 41.

[6]        Dr Adrian Barnett, Submission 92, p. 2.

[7]        Dr Adrian Barnett, Queensland University of Technology, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, pp. 5–6.

[8]        Western Australian Government, Submission 155, p. 2.

[9]        Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 30/01 – Smoke Emission Control for Diesel Vehicles) 2006.

[10]      Dr Adrian Barnett, Submission 92, p. 2.

[11]      Centre for Air quality and health Research and evaluation, Submission 29, p. 3.

[12]      Frampton M, Brauer M, Kleeman M, Kreyling W, Ntziarchristos L, Sarnat S.

Understanding the health effects of ambient ultrafine particles. Boston, MA: Health Effects

Institute, 2013, pp. 14 – 21.

[13]      Frampton M, Brauer M, Kleeman M, Kreyling W, Ntziarchristos L, Sarnat S.

Understanding the health effects of ambient ultrafine particles. Boston, MA: Health Effects

Institute, 2013, pp. 17 – 18.

[14]      NSW EPA, Submission 80, p. 34.

[15]      NSW EPA, Submission 80, p. 35.

[16]      Victoria EPA, Submission 110, p. 7.

[17]      Dr Adrian Barnett, Queensland University of Technology, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 6.

[18]      Ms Crotty, Manager – Air Policy, New South Wales Environmental Protection Authority, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 10.

[19]      ENVIRON Australia Pty Ltd., Cleaner Non-road Diesel Engine Project – Identification and Recommendation of Measures to Support the Uptake of Cleaner Non-road Diesel Engines in Australia – Final Report, April 2010, pp. 8–9.

[20]      Mr Krey, Member, Hunter Valley Protection Alliance, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 12.

[21]      NSW EPA, Submission 80, p. 15.

[22]      Ms Brown, Policy Manager – Environment and Health, New South Wales Minerals Council, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 12.

[23]      Professor Ristovski, International Laboratory for Air Quality and Health, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 4.

[24]      NSW EPA, Submission 80, p. 30.

[25]      Associate Professor Higginbotham, Member – Dust and Health Committee, Hunter Community Environment Centre, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 14.

[26]      Dr Jeremijenko, Occupational and Environmental Physician – Australasian Faculty of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Committee Hansard, 11 June 2013, p. 61.

[27]      Mr Fooks, Committee Member, Australian Marine Engine Council, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 27.

[28]      Mr Fooks, Committee Member, Australian Marine Engine Council, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 27.

[29]      Mr Fooks, Committee Member, Australian Marine Engine Council, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 29.

[30]      Mr Fooks, Committee Member, Australian Marine Engine Council, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 27.

[31]      Mr Fooks, Committee Member, Australian Marine Engine Council, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 28.

[32]      Mr Fooks, Committee Member, Australian Marine Engine Council, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 28.

[33]      Mr Fooks, Committee Member, Australian Marine Engine Council, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 31.

[34]      Dr Hambleton, President, Australian Medical Association, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 42.

[35]      National Environmental Protection Council, Diesel, available from: http://www.nepc.gov.au/taxonomy/term/95 (accessed: 17 April 2013).

[36]      NSW EPA, Submission 80, p. 37.

[37]      Ms Crotty, Manager – Air Policy, New South Wales Environmental Protection Authority, Committee Hansard, 16 April 2013, p. 10.

Chapter 6 - Wood smoke

[1]        Centre for Air Quality and Health Research and Evaluation, Submission 29, p. 6.

[2]        Centre for Air Quality and Health Research and Evaluation, Submission 29, p. 6.

[3]        Australian bureau of Statistics, Environmental Issues: Energy Use and Environment, March 2011, available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Latestproducts/4602.0.55.001Main%20Features5Mar%202011?opendocument&tabname=Summary&prodno=4602.0.55.001&issue=Mar%202011&num=&view= (4 June 2013).

[4]        Australian Air Quality Group, Submission 94, p. 2.

[5]        ACT Environment and Sustainable Department, Submission 30, p. 2.

[6]        NSW EPA, Submission 80, p. 33.

[7]        Asthma Foundation NSW, Submission 50, p. 22.

[8]        Asthma Foundation NSW, Submission 50, p.21.

[9]        Camden Council, Submission 143, p. 1.

[10]      Tuggeranong Community Council, Submission 3, p. 1.

[11]      Asthma Foundation NSW, Submission 50, p.20.

[12]      NSW EPA, Submission 80, p. 15.

[13]      SEWPaC, Submission 82, p. 6.

[14]      Australian Home Heating Association, Submission 20, p. 1.

[15]      Cleanairtas, Submission 81, p. [12].

[16]      Armidale Dumaresq Council, Submission 158, p. 5.

[17]      NSW EPA, Submission 80, p. 34.

[18]      Armidale Dumaresq Council, Submission 158, p. 3.

[19]      NSW EPA, Submission 80, p. 38.

[20]      Sinclair Knight Merz, Cost Abatement Curves for Air Emission Reduction Actions, 28 May 2010, p. 63, available from: http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/air/CostCurveAirEmissionRedn.pdf (4 June 2013).

[21]      NSW EPA, Submission 80, p. 40.

[22]      Australian Air Quality Group, Submission 94, p. 4.

[23]      SEWPaC, Supplementary Submission, p 3.

[24]      Standards Australia, Submission 162, p. 2.

[25]      Standards Australia, Submission 162, p. 2.

[26]      Standards Australia, Submission 162, p. 3.

[27]      Armidale Dumaresq Council, Submission 158, p. 4.

[28]      Australian Home Heating Association, Submission 20, p. 7.

[29]      SEWPaC, Supplementary Submission, p 3.

[30]      Australian Home Heating Association, Submission 20, pp. 6–7.

[31]      Asthma Foundation NSW, Submission 50, p. 22.

[32]      AECOM, Economic Appraisal of Wood  Smoke Control Measures – Final Report, June 2011, p. 19.

[33]      NSW EPA, Submission 80, p. 33.

[34]      NSW EPA, Submission 80, p. 34.

[35]      ACT Environment and Sustainable Department, Submission 30, p. 2.

[36]      ACT Environment and Sustainable Department, Submission 30, p. 2.

[37]      ACT Environment and Sustainable Department, Submission 30, p. 2.

[38]      Armidale Dumaresq Council, Submission 158, p. 4.

[39]      Camden Council, Submission 143, p. 2.

[40]      Australian Home Heating Association, Submission 20, p. 8.

[41]      Australian Home Heating Association, Submission 20, p. 8.

[42]      Standards Australia, Submission 162, p. 4.

[43]      Standards Australia, Submission 162, p. 4.

[44]      Standards Australia, Submission 162, p. 5.

[45]      Minutes of Standards Australia Solid Fuel Burning Appliances Committee – 15/16 March 2007, tabled by the Australian Home Heating Association, 17 May 2013, p. 3.

[46]      SEWPaC, Supplementary Submission, p 3.

[47]      Dr Robinson, Australian Air Quality Group, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 10.

[48]      Mrs Brown, Australian Home Heating Association, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 21.

[49]      Additional information provided by the Australian Air Quality Group, received p. 1.

[50]      Asthma Foundation NSW, Submission 50, p. 22.

[51]      Cleanairtas, Submission 81, p. [12].

[52]      Australian Home Heating Association, Answers to questions on notice, 5 June 2013, p. 2.

[53]      CS-062 is a Standards Australia committee revising AS/NZS 4013. Further information regarding the committee can be found here: http://www.sdpp.standards.org.au/ActiveProjects.aspx?CommitteeNumber=CS-062&CommitteeName=Solid%20Fuel%20Burning%20Appliances#simple1

[54]      Australian Home Heating Association, Submission 20, pp. 5–6.

[55]      Standards Australia, Submission 162, p. 6.

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