Footnotes

Footnotes

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

[1]        Submissions can be viewed at http://www.aph.gov.au/Senate/committee/clac_ctte/hearing_health/submissions/sublist.htm

[2]        Access Economics, Listen Hear! The economic impact and cost of hearing loss in Australia (February 2006), p. 5.

CHAPTER 2 - THE EXTENT AND CAUSES OF HEARING IMPAIRMENT IN AUSTRALIA

Source: Access Economics, 2006, p. 30.

Source: Access Economics, Listen Hear! The economic impact and cost of hearing loss in Australia, (February 2006), p. 41.

[1]        Department of Health and Ageing (DOHA), Submission 54, p. 15.

[2]        DOHA, Submission 54, p. 15.

[3]        DOHA, Submission 54, p. 15.

[4]        Access Economics, 2006,  pp 12-13.

[5]        Access Economics, 2006, p. 33.

[6]        Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 7.

[7]        Access Economics, 2006, p. 30.

[8]        Hear and Say Centre, Submission 153, p. 2.

[9]        Victorian Deaf Society, Submission 147, p. 4.

[10]      Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 8.

[11]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 31.

[12]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 34.

[13]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 39.

[14]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 40.

[15]      New South Wales (NSW) Health, Submission 167, p. 5.

[17]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 17.

[18]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 18.

[20]      Access Economics, 2006, pp 15-16.

[21]      Australia New Zealand Parents of Deaf Children (ANZPOD), Submission 24, p. 3.

[22]      Alliance for Deaf Children, Submission 58, p. 4.

[23]      Aussie Deaf Kids, Submission 16, p. 4.

[24]      Government of South Australia, Submission 145, p. 8.

[25]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 18.

[26]      The Australian Society of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgeons (ASOHNS), Submission 137, p. 3.

[27]      Safe Work Australia, Submission 5, p. 1.

[28]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 20.

[29]      Safe Work Australia, Submission 5, [p. 1].

[30]      Australian Institute of Occupational Hygienists (AIOH), Submission 157, p. 6.

[31]      Dr Fleur Champion de Crespigny, Safe Work Australia, Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 2.

[32]      Farmsafe Australia, Submission 33, p. 4.

[33]      Vicdeaf, Submission 147, p. 5.

[34]      Farmsafe Australia, Submission 33, p. 5.

[35]      Farmsafe Australia, Submission 33, p. 4.

[36]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 19.

[37]      Dr Warwick Williams, Submission 14, p. 1.

[38]      Australian Safety and Compensation Council (ASCC), Work-related Noise Induced Hearing Loss in Australia, 2008, p. 15.

[39]      ASCC, 2008, p. 16.

[40]      Farmsafe Australia, Additional information, 12 November 2009,  p. 2.

[41]      University of Melbourne, Audiology and Speech Sciences, Submission 9, p. 1.

[42]      Dr Fleur Champion de Crespigny, Safe Work Australia, Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, pp 2-3.

[43]      Wayne Creaser, Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 3.

[44]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 20.

[45]      ASOHNS, Submission 137, p. 5.

[46]      DOHA, answer to question on notice, 12 October 2009 (received 16 November 2009), Question 4.

[47]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 20.

[48]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 20.

[49]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 20; DOHA, Submission 54, p. 20.

[50]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 18.

[51]      Self Help for Hard of Hearing people (SHHH Australia), Submission 72, p. 2.

[52]      Mr Daniel Lalor, Submission 116, p. 2.

[53]      The University of Melbourne, Audiology and Speech Sciences, Submission 9, p. 2.

[54]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 18.

[55]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 19.

[56]      Victorian Deaf Society, Submission 147, p. 6.

[57]      Victorian Deaf Society, Submission 147, p. 6.

[58]      Mr John Gimpel, Hearing Industry Association, Committee Hansard, 11 November 2009, p. 112.

[59]      Ms Noeleen Bieske, Deafness Foundation, Committee Hansard, 8 December 2009,  p. 100.

[60]      Dr Marion Burgess and colleagues, Acoustics and Vibration Unit, University of NSW, Submission 172, p. 3.

[61]      Professor Harvey Coates, Committee Hansard, 9 December 2009, p. 22.

[62]      Dr Marion Burgess and colleagues, Acoustics and Vibration Unit, University of NSW, Submission 172, p. 3.

[63]      Australian DeafBlind Council, Submission 69, p. 3.

[64]      Senses Foundation, Submission 59, p. 6.

[65]      Australian DeafBlind Council, Submission 69, p. 9.

CHAPTER 3 - THE COSTS OF HEARING IMPAIRMENT IN AUSTRALIA

Access Economics, 2006, p. 68.

Access Economics, 2006, p. 46.

[1]        A 'real cost' in this context is one which uses real resources (such as capital or labour), or which reduces the capacity of the economy to produce goods and services.

[2]        A 'transfer payment' involves making a payment from one agency to another, such as disability support pension or tax revenue.

[3]        Access Economics, 2006, p. 68.

[4]        Deafness Forum of Australia, Submission 34, p. 13.

[5]        Hearing Care Industry Association (HCIA), Submission 62, p. 7.

[6]        Access Economics, 2006, p. 48.

[7]        Department of Health and Ageing (DOHA), Submission 54, pp 26-27.

[8]        Access Economics, 2006, p. 68.

[9]        Access Economics, 2006, p. 44.

[10]      Access Economics, 2006, pp 45-46.

[11]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 49.

[12]      DOHA, viewed 23 April 2010, http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/health-hear-applic.htm

[13]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 49.

[14]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 28.

[15]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 50.

[16]      Professor Harvey Dillon, Director, National Acoustic Laboratory (NAL), Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 11.

[17]      Sydney Cochlear Implant Clinic, Submission 28, [p. 6].

[18]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 52.

[19]      Access Economics, 2006, pp 52-54.

[20]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 52.

[21]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 54.

[22]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 55.

[23]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 64.

[24]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 65.

[25]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 65.

[26]      Access Economics, 2006, pp 65-66.

[27]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 56.

[28]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 59.

[29]      Access Economics, 2006, pp 59-60.

[30]      Access Economics, 2006, pp 60-61.

[31]      Access Economics, 2006, pp 62-64.

[32]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 67.

[33]      Safe Work Australia, Submission 5, [p. 1].

[34]      Farmsafe Australia, Submission 33, p. 5.

[35]      Deafness Forum Australia, Submission 34, p. 11.

[36]      New South Wales (NSW) Health, Submission 167, p. 6.

[37]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 47.

[38]      GlaxoSmithKline, Submission 43, p. 5.

CHAPTER 4 - THE IMPLICATIONS OF HEARING IMPAIRMENT FOR INDIVIDUALS AND THE COMMUNITY

[1]        Department of Health and Ageing (DOHA), Submission 54, pp 20-21.

[2]        See also Dr Aaron Groves, Director of Mental Health, Queensland Health, Select Committee on Regional and Remote Indigenous Communities, Committee Hansard, 15 April 2010, p. 70.

[3]        DOHA, Submission 54, p. 20.

[4]        DOHA, Submission 54, p. 20.

[5]        University of Melbourne, Audiology and Speech Sciences, Submission 9, p. 2.

[6]        Mr Peter Lindley, Submission 106, p. 5.

[7]        Ms Hilda Sutcliffe, Submission 118, [p. 1].

[8]        Ms Sandra Nelson, Submission 151, [p. 2]

[9]        Ms Margaret Robertson, Submission 1, p. 1.

[10]      Quoted in Hearing Impaired and Deaf Kindred Organisation Network (HIDKON), Submission 41, p. 12.

[11]      Quoted in HIDKON, Submission 41, p. 12.

[12]      See for example Ms Shona Fennell, Submission 108, [p. 1].

[13]      Mrs Shirley Edwards, Submission 81, p. 1.

[14]      Jill, 42, quoted in Deafness Forum of Australia, Submission 34, pp 24-25.

[15]      Quoted in Phoenix Consulting, Submission 112, p. 21.

[16]      Connect Hearing, Submission 23, p. 2.

[17]      Mr Michael Uniacke, Submission 168, p. 3.

[18]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 22; Access Economics, 2006, p. 23.

[19]      Mrs Margaret Robinson, Submission 1, p. 4.

[20]      Access Economics, Listen Hear! The economic impact and cost of hearing loss in Australia, February 2006, pp 52-53.

[21]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 52.

[22]      Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 8.

[23]      Ms Erica Smith, Submission 71, [p. 1].

[24]      Dr Andrea Lindsay, Submission 155, p. 1.

[25]      Ms Hilda Sutcliffe, Submission 118, [p. 1].

[26]      Deafness Forum Australia, Submission 34, pp 21-22.

[27]      Access Economics, 2006.

[28]      Professor Jennie Brand Miller, New South Wales (NSW), quoted in Deafness Forum Australia, Submission 34, p. 22.

[29]      Margaret, aged 62, Melbourne, quoted in Deafness Forum Australia, Submission 34, p. 22.

[30]      New South Wales (NSW) Health, Submission 167, p. 17; Access Economics, 2006, p. 81; National Disability Services, Submission 46, pp 1, 3.

[31]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 82 (citing Hogan A, Giles E, Stewart M, 2002, 'It's a whole new ball game: patient perceived employment benefits related to cochlear implants', Cochlear Implants International 3(1): 56-69).

[32]      National Disability Services, Submission 46, p. 3.

[33]      NSW Health, Submission 167, p. 19; Access Economics, 2006, pp 46, 82.

[34]      See for example Better Hearing Australia, Submission 7, p. 6; Hearing Link Tasmania, Submission 144, [p. 3]; Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 9; Ms Ann Jacobs, Committee Hansard, 9 December 2009, p. 54.

[35]      Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 9.

[36]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 21.

[37]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 21.

[38]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 21.

[39]      University of Melbourne Audiology and Speech Sciences, Submission 9, pp 2-3.

[40]      See for example Mrs Mary Ryan, Submission 133, [p. 1].

[41]      Hear The Mums, Submission 71, [p. 2].

[42]      Mr Christopher Rehn, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2009, p. 10.

[43]      Ms Leonie Jackson, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2009, p. 61.

[44]      Mr Alex Jones, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2009, p. 62.

[45]      Ms Kate Nelson, Deaf Australia New South Wales (NSW), Committee Hansard,                    11 November 2009, p. 31.

[46]      Ms Kate Nelson, Deaf Australia (NSW), Committee Hansard, 11 November 2009, p. 32.

[47]      Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children (RIDBC), Submission 67, p. 10.

[48]      RIDBC, Submission 67, p. 10.

[49]      See for example, Ms Roslee Fyfe, Submission 121, [p. 1], Ms Yvonne Batterham,     Submission 129, p. 5.

[50]      Mrs Mary Ryan, Submission 133, [p. 3].

[51]      Ms Susanna Carter, Submission 102, [p. 1].

[52]      Ms Sandra Nelson, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, p. 74.

[53]      Australian Hearing, Submission 38, pp 13-14.

[54]      Ms Kate Locke, Submission 82, [p. 1].

[55]      Kirsten, quoted in Deafness Forum of Australia, Submission 34, p. 27.

[56]      Ms Hilda Sutcliffe, Submission 118, [p. 1].

[57]      Maureen, quoted in Deafness Forum of Australia, Submission 34, p. 29.

[58]      Quoted in the Australian and New Zealand Parents of Deaf Children (ANZPOD), Submission 24, pp 5-6.

[59]      Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 12.

[60]      Ms Nikki Haseldine, Submission 165, [p.1].

[61]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 50.

[62]      Mr Isaac Marcus, Submission 162, [p. 1].

[63]      Ms Janice Evans, Submission 132, [p. 1].

[64]      DOHA, answer to question on notice 19 March 2010 (received 6 May 2010), Question 21.

[65]      DOHA, answer to question on notice 19 March 2010 (received 6 May 2010), Question 21.

[66]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 23.

[67]      Access Economics, 2006.

[68]      Cited in DOHA, Submission 54, p. 23; see also Access Economics, 2006, p. 66.

[69]      Access Innovation Media, Submission 44, p. 5.

[70]      Better Hearing Australia, Submission 7, p. 3.

[71]      ANZPOD, Submission 24, p. 7.

[72]      Deaf Children Australia, Submission 176, [p. 13].

CHAPTER 5 - ADEQUACY OF ACCESS TO HEARING SERVICES

[1]        Department of Health and Ageing (DOHA), Submission 54, pp 32-38.

[2]        DOHA, Submission 54, p. 35.

[3]        DOHA, Submission 54, p. 8.

[4]        Let Us Hear, Submission 20, p. 4.

[5]        Name Withheld, Submission 78, [p. 1].

[6]        Australian and New Zealand Parents of Deaf Children (ANZPOD), Submission 24, p. 7; see also Parents of Hearing Impaired of South Australia (PHISA), Submission 25, [p. 2].

[7]        Ms Julie-Anne Kiyega, Submission 88, [p. 1].

[8]        Ms Adelaide Ryan, Submission 100, [p. 1].

[9]        Ms Susanna Carter, Submission 102, [p. 1].

[10]      Mr Peter Lindley, Committee Hansard, 7 December 2009, p. 28.

[11]      Ms Anthea Green, The Shepherd Centre, Committee Hansard, 12 October 2009, p. 72.

[12]      See for example Ms Glenda Froyland, Submission 96, p. [1]; and Mr Isaac Marcus,   Submission 162, [p. 1].

[13]      Mr Tony Abrahams, CEO, Ai Media, Committee Hansard, 7 December 2009, p. 47. The committee notes that the Productivity Commission will report on the feasibility of a no-fault National Disability Insurance Scheme in July 2011. For further information go to http://www.pc.gov.au/projects/inquiry/disability-support/terms-of-reference   

[14]      See Let Us Hear, Submission 20, [p. 1]; Ms Lily Kordic, Submission 91, [p. 1]; and                Mr Michael Lockrey, Submission 98, [p. 1].

[15]      Ms Barbara Hockridge, Submission 92, [p. 1].

[16]      Hearing Care Industry Association (HCIA), Submission 62, p. 7.

[17]      Access Economics, Listen Hear! The economic impact and cost of hearing loss in Australia, February 2006, p. 67.

[18]      HCIA, Submission 62, p. 9.

[19]      National Seniors Association (NSA), Submission 175, p. 6.

[20]      Services for Australian Rural and Remote Allied Health (SARRAH), Submission 29, p. 8.

[21]      Deafness Forum of Australia, Submission 34, p. 12.

[22]      Connect Hearing, Submission 23, [p. 2].

[23]      Mrs Rebecca Allnutt, Committee Hansard, 18 February 2010, p. 14.

[24]      Dr Stuart Miller, President of the Australian Society of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (ASOHNS), Committee Hansard, 9 December 2009, p. 1.

[25]      Professor Robert Cowan, CEO HEARing Cooperative Research Centre (CRC), Committee Hansard, 8 December 2009, p. 12.

[26]      Farmsafe Australia, Submission 33, p. 8.

[27]      Farmsafe Australia, Submission 33, pp 8-9

[28]      Hearing Impaired and Deaf Kindred Organisation Network (HIDKON), Submission 41, [p. 6]

[29]      Mr Patrick Gallagher, Executive Chairman, Attune Hearing, Committee Hansard, 7 December 2009, p. 34.

[30]      See Dr Chris Perry, Clinical Director, Deadly Ears Program, Committee Hansard, 7 December 2009.

[31]      See Telethon Speech and Hearing, Submission 11.

[32]      Tasmanian Department of Health and Human Services, Submission 138, p. 2.

[33]      New South Wales (NSW) Hospital Audiologists and Allied Audiologists, Submission 32, [p. 1]; see also Audiology Australia, Submission 74, p. 68.

[34]      Southern Health Audiology Department, Submission 47, [p. 1]; see also Better Hearing Australia (Victoria) Inc., Submission 113, p. 2.

[35]      See for example Ms Lynn Polson, Meniere's Australia, Committee Hansard, 8 December 2009, p. 59; and Professor Robert Cowan, HEARing CRC, Committee Hansard, 8 December 2009, p. 13.

[36]      Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 11.

[37]      Ms Margaret Dewberry, Australian Hearing, Committee Hansard, 11 November 2009, p. 90.

[38]      Ms Margaret Dewberry, Australian Hearing, Committee Hansard, 11 November 2009, pp 90‑91.

[39]      Ms Sheena Walters, Deaf Society of NSW, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2009, p. 84.

[40]      Royal Institute of Deaf and Blind Children (RIDBC), Submission 67, p. 4.

[41]      Professor Gregory Leigh, Committee Hansard , RIDBC, 13 October 2009, pp 94-95.

[42]      Professor Gregory Leigh, RIDBC, Committee Hansard , 13 October 2009, pp 94-95.

[43]      Professor Gregory Leigh, RIDBC, Committee Hansard 13 October 2009, p 100.

[44]      Please note that the particular issues facing Indigenous Australians from non-English speaking backgrounds are discussed at chapter eight of this report.

[45]      National Ethnic Disability Alliance (NEDA), Submission 109, [p. 2].

[46]      NEDA, Submission 109, [p. 3]

[47]      NEDA, Submission 109, [p. 3].

[48]      NEDA, Submission 109, [pp 3-4].

[49]      Dr Louisa Willoughby, Victorian Deaf Society, Committee Hansard, 8 December 2009, p. 82.

[50]      Australian Hearing, Submission 38, pp 16-17.

[51]      See for example Better Hearing Australia, Submission 7, p. 2; Department of Health and Ageing, Submission 54, p 40; and Australian Newborn Hearing Screening Committee, Submission 68, p. 9.

[52]      Professor Harvey Coates, Submission 4, [p. 1].

[53]      Deafness Forum of Australia, Submission 34, p. 30.

[54]      Professor Harvey Dillon, Director, National Acoustic Laboratory (NAL), Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 10.

[55]      Audiology Australia, Submission 74, p. 4.

[56]      Ms Barbara Nudd, Submission 128, [p. 3].

[57]      Ms Melissa Dourlay, Submission 35, [p. 2].

[58]      Professor Harvey Coates, Committee Hansard, 9 December 2009, p. 15.

[59]      Mrs Jennifer Stevens, Clinical Director, Attune Hearing, Committee Hansard, 7 December 2009, p. 42.

[60]      Ms Genelle Cook, Submission 21, [p. 1].

[61]      Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 11.

[62]      Professor Harvey Dillon, Director, NAL, Committee Hansard , 19 March 2010, p. 10.

[63]      ASOHNS, Submission 137, p. 5.

[64]      Australian Newborn Hearing Screening Committee, Submission 68, p. 2.

[65]      Mr James Brown, President, Audiology Australia, Committee Hansard, 8 December 2009, p. 73.

[66]      DOHA, answer to question on notice, 19 March 2010 (received 3 May 2010).

[67]      Mrs Jennifer Stevens, Committee Hansard, 7 December 2009, pp 35-36.

[68]      Ms Kate Locke, Submission 82, [p. 1].

[69]      HCIA, Submission 180, [p. 2].

[70]      Ms Eleanor Kennett-Smith, Submission 141, [p. 1].

[71]      Mr Peter Lindley, Committee Hansard, 7 December 2009, p. 30.

[72]      Better Hearing Australia (Victoria), Submission 113, p. 3.

[73]      Attune Hearing, Submission 134, [p. 2].

[74]      Better Hearing Australia (Victoria), Submission 113, p. 4.

[75]      Attune Hearing, Submission 134, [p.3].

[76]      Audiology Australia, Submission 74, p. 38.

[77]      Attune Hearing, Submission 134, p. 3.

[78]      Mr Patrick Gallagher, Executive Chairman, Attune Hearing, Committee Hansard, 7 December 2009, p. 39.

[79]      Canberra Deaf Children's Association, Submission 27, [p. 1].

[80]      North Shore Deaf Children's Association, Submission 39, [p. 3].

[81]      The Shepherd Centre, Submission 53, [p. 9].

[82]      Name withheld, Submission 150, p. 1.

[83]      Ms Kate Locke, Submission 82, [p. 1].

[84]      Ms Roslee Fyfe, Submission 121, [p. 1].

[85]      Aussie Deaf Kids, Submission 16, p. 5.

[86]      'Choices' can be downloaded from the Australian Hearing website at http://www.hearing.com.au/digitalAssets/4712_1173929249618_Choices%20national.pdf

[87]      Australian Hearing, Choices (2005), viewed 13 April 2010, http://www.hearing.com.au/digitalAssets/4712_1173929249618_Choices%20national.pdf

[88]      Deaf Access Victoria Gippsland Region, Submission 37, [p. 1].

[89]      Connect Hearing, Submission 23, [p. 3].

[90]      University of Melbourne Audiology and Speech Sciences, Submission 9, p. 6.

[91]      Ms Shirley Edwards, Submission 81, [p. 1].

[92]      Audiology Australia, Submission 74, p. 55.

[93]      Ms Carla Anderson, Australian DeafBlind Council, Committee Hansard, 8 December 2009, p. 43.

[94]      Ms Kate Nelson, Program Officer, Deaf Society of NSW, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2009, p. 31.

[95]      Parent Council for Deaf Education, Submission 63, p. 1.

[96]      Deaf Australia NSW, Submission 19, [p. 2].

[97]      Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (FaHCSIA), Submission 50, p. 4.

[98]      FaHCSIA, Submission 50, p. 4.

[99]      Barnaby Lund, Submission 169, [p. 3].

[100]    HCIA, Submission 61, p. 9.

[101]    HCIA, Submission 62, p. 9.

[102]    Hearing Aid Manufacturers and Distributors Association of Australia, Submission 61, p. 1.

[103]    DOHA, answer to question on notice, 19 March 2010 (received 23 April 2010); see also Mr John Gimpel and Ms Donna Staunton, HCIA, Committee Hansard, 11 November 2009, p. 103.

[104]    Mrs Catherine Westacott, Deputy Chair, Deafness Forum Board, Deafness Council of Australia, Committee Hansard, 12 October 2009, p. 26.

[105]    Professor Robert Cowan, CEO, HEARing CRC, Committee Hansard, 8 December 2009, p. 7.  

[106]    Professor Harvey Dillon, Director, NAL, Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 13.

[107]    Neil and Susan Clutterbuck, Submission 36, [p. 3].

[108]    Neil and Susan Clutterbuck, Submission 36, [p. 3].

[109]    Mr Patrick Gallagher, Executive Chairman, Attune Hearing, Committee Hansard, p. 39.

[110]    Dr Louise Collingridge, Submission 17, p. 2.

[111]    Ms Teressa Ward, National Manager, Office of Hearing Services (OHS), Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 43.

[112]    For a summary of the type of devices available see DOHA, Submission 54, pp 43-48.

[113]    DOHA, Submission 54, p. 48.

[114]    DOHA, Submission 54, p. 49.

[115]    Mr Derek Moule, Submission 103, [p. 1].

[116]    Ms Noeleen Bieske, Director, Deafness Foundation, Committee Hansard, 8 December 2009, p. 95.

[117]    Self Help for the Hard of Hearing (SHHH) Australia, Submission 72, [p. 6].

[118]    Department of Veterans' Affairs (DVA), Submission 135, [p. 2].

[119]    Associate Professor Brian Pyman, Board Member, Deafness Foundation, Committee Hansard, 8 December 2009, p. 95.

[120]    HCIA, Submission 62, p. 4.

[121]    Mr John Gimpel, Director, HCIA, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2009, p. 105.

[122]    Quoted in CPSU, Submission 77, p. 3.

[123]    Better Hearing Australia (Victoria), Submission 113, p. 1.

[124]    DOHA website, viewed 15 April 2010, http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/health-hear-client11.htm

[125]    Professor Harvey Coates, Committee Hansard, 9 December 2010, p. 22.

[126]    NSA, Submission 175, pp 6-7.

[127]    SHHH Australia, Submission 72, [p. 11].

[128]    Mr Richard Brading, Chair, SHHH Australia, Committee Hansard, 11 November 2009, p. 41.

[129]    Mrs Rebecca Allnutt, Committee Hansard, 18 February 2010, p. 14.

[130]    Audiology Australia, Submission 74, p. 40.

[131]    Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 14.

[132]    Mr Richard Brading, Chair, SHHH Australia, Committee Hansard, 11 November 2009, p. 44.

[133]    Australian Hearing website, viewed 15 April 2010, http://www.hearing.com.au/faq#14

[134]    Let Us Hear, Submission 20, p. 5.

[135]    See for example Mr Peter Demmery, Submission 3; Ms Genelle Cook, Submission 21; Ms Glenda Froyland, Submission 96.

[136]    Australian Hearing, Submission 38, pp 13-14.

[137]    Melbourne Cochlear Implant Clinic, Submission 42, [p. 1].

[138]    Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 16.

[139]    Melbourne Cochlear Implant Clinic, Submission 42, [p. 1].

[140]    ENT Cochlear Implant Surgeons Qld, Submission 49, p. 8.

[141]    Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 16.

[142]    Mr Peter Demmery, Submission 3, [p. 1].

[143]    Ms Glenda Froyland, Submission 96, [p. 1].

[144]    Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 10.

[145]    Ben Obermayer, Submission 101, [p. 1].

[146]    Media Access Australia, Submission 30, [p. 2].

[147]    Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy (DBCDE), viewed 14 April 2010, http://www.dbcde.gov.au/television/television_captioning/television_captioning_background

[148]    DBCDE, 2009, Access to Electronic Media for the Hearing and Vision Impaired: Approaches for Consideration – Discussion Report, p. 16. viewed 14 April 2010, http://www.dbcde.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/123187/Media_Access_Review_Discussion_Report.pdf

[149]    Alex Jones, Submission 80, [p. 3].

[150]    DBCDE, 2009, Access to Electronic Media for the Hearing and Vision Impaired: Approaches for Consideration – Discussion Report, p. 32; and Screen Australia, Program guidelines: Production Financing March 2010, p. 8.

[151]    DBCDE, 2009, Access to Electronic Media for the Hearing and Vision Impaired: Approaches for Consideration – Discussion Report, p. 32.

[152]    U.N. Bahti, Submission 178, p. 1.

[153]    Deafness Forum of Australia, Submission 34, p. 20.

[154]    FaHCSIA, Submission 50, p. 4.

[155]    Access Economics, Listen Hear! The economic impact and cost of hearing loss in Australia, February 2006, p. 61.

[156]    Ms Leonie Jackson, Submission 26, [p. 1].

[157]    Ruth, 67, quoted in Deafness Forum of Australia, Submission 34, p. 23.

[158]    DBCDE, 2009, Access to Electronic Media for the Hearing and Vision Impaired: Approaches for Consideration – Discussion Report, p. 16; see also Deaf Children Australia website Cinema access: background, viewed 14 April 2010, http://www.deafchildrenaustralia.org.au/cinema_access_background

[159]    Deaf Children Australia website Cinema access: background, viewed 14 April 2010, http://www.deafchildrenaustralia.org.au/cinema_access_background

[160]    ABC News, Cinema Captions Rally,13 February 2010, viewed 20 April 2010 http://www.deafchildrenaustralia.org.au/ActionOnCinemaAccess_Community_Protest_on_ABC_News   

[161]    Bill, 50, quoted in Deafness Forum of Australia, Submission 34, p. 24.

[162]    DOHA, Submission 54, p. 50.

[163]    Ms Shona Fennell, Submission 108, [p. 1].

[164]    Better Hearing Australia, Submission 7, p. 3.

[165]    Hearing Australia information sheet, Audio Frequency Induction Loops, viewed 14 April 2010, http://www.hearing.com.au/digitalAssets/5976_1208845840667_Loops2.pdf

[166]    Ms Shona Fennell, Submission 108, [p. 1].

[167]    Ms Nicole Lawder, CEO, Deafness Forum of Australia, Committee Hansard, 12 October 2009, pp 30-31.

[168]    Ms Judith Raxworthy, Submission 83, [p. 1].

[169]    Ms Yvonne Batterham, Submission 129, p. 6.

[170]    Deafness Forum of Australia, Submission 34, p. 24.

[171]    Ms Nicole Lawder, CEO, Deafness Forum of Australia, Committee Hansard, 12 October 2009, p. 32.

[172]    Better Hearing Australia, Submission 107, p. 3.

[173]    SHHH Australia, Submission 72, [p. 5].

[174]    Deafness Forum of Australia, Submission 34, p. 25.

[175]    Deafness Forum of Australia, Submission 34, p. 25.

[176]    House of Representatives Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, Access All Areas: Report of the Inquiry into Draft Disability (Access to Premises) Standards, June 2009, viewed 15 March 2010, http://www.aph.gov.au/house/committee/laca/disabilitystandards/report/Full_Report.pdf

[177]    House of Representatives Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, Access All Areas: Report of the Inquiry into Draft Disability (Access to Premises) Standards, June 2009, p. 105.

[178]    House of Representatives Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, Access All Areas: Report of the Inquiry into Draft Disability (Access to Premises) Standards, June 2009, p. 105.

[179]    Attorney General's Department, Premises Standards Frequently Asked Questions, p. 3, viewed 15 April 2010, http://www.ag.gov.au/www/agd/agd.nsf/Page/Humanrightsandanti-discrimination_Disability(AccesstoPremises-Buildings)Standards  

[180]    Mr Richard Brading, Chair, SHHH Australia, Committee Hansard, 11 November 2009, p. 42.

[181]    Mr Richard Brading, Chair, SHHH Australia, Committee Hansard, 11 November 2009, p. 42.

CHAPTER 6 - ADEQUACY OF HEARING HEALTH RESEARCH PROGRAMS

[1]        Department of Health and Ageing (DOHA), Submission 54, pp 57-61.

[2]        Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA), Submission 135, p. 3.

[3]        See for example Dr Jenny Rosen, Submission 2, [p. 3]; Self Help for Hard of Hearing People (SHHH), Submission 72, [p. 13];  Mr Paul Hickey, Submission 115, [pp 4-5].

[4]        DOHA, Submission 54, p. 59; Professor Harvey Dillon, Director, NAL, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2009, p. 50.

[5]        DOHA, Submission 54, p. 59.

[6]        Professor Harvey Dillon, Director, National Acoustic Laboratory (NAL), Committee Hansard, 13 October 2009, p. 51.

[7]        Professor Harvey Dillon, Director, NAL, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2009, p. 46.

[8]        DOHA, Submission 54, p. 60.

[9]        HEARing Cooperative Research Centre (CRC), Submission 45, [p. 3]; DOHA, Submission 54, p. 60.

[10]      HEARing CRC, Submission 45, [p. 2]; Dr Jenny Rosen, Submission 2, [p. 3]; Ear Science Institute, Submission 66; The Menzies School of Health Research, Submission 174.

[11]      Access Economics, 2006, Listen Hear!: the economic impact and cost of hearing loss in Australia, p. 9.

[12]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 79 (citing Wilson D, Xibin S, Read P, Walsh P, Esterman A, 1992 'Hearing Loss – an underestimated public health problem' Australian Journal of Public Health 16:282-286 and Wilson D H, Walsh P G, Sanchez L, Read P, 1998 'Hearing Impairment in an Australian Population, Centre for Population Studies in Epidemiology, South Australian Department of Human Services).

[13]      Professor Harvey Dillon, Director, NAL, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2009, p. 47.

[14]      Professor Harvey Dillon, Director, NAL, Committee Hansard, 11 November 2009, pp 91, 47.

[15]      Professor Harvey Dillon, Director, NAL, Committee Hansard, 11 November 2009, pp 47, 92.

[16]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 21; Access Economics, 2006, pp 16-17.

[17]      Australia New Zealand Parents of Deaf Children (ANZPOD), Submission 24, p. 11; Parents of Hearing Impaired South Australia (PHISA), Submission 25, [p. 10]; Government of South Australia, Submission 145, p. 19; and Professor M Hyde, Professor D Power, Submission 160, p. 3.

[18]      The Cora Barclay Centre, Submission 64, p. 4; Professor M Hyde, Professor D Power, Submission 160, pp 5-6.

[19]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 41.

[20]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 42.

[21]      Access Economics, 2006, p. 18 (citing Wilson et al 1998, p. 34).

[22]      University of Melbourne, Audiology and Speech Sciences, Submission 9, p. 2.

[23]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 19.

[24]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 19.

[25]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 57.

[26]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 57.

[27]      See for example University of Melbourne, Audiology and Speech Sciences, Submission 9, p. 2; Audiology Australia, Submission 74, p. 24; and Access Economics, 2006, p. 79.

[28]      Dr Fleur Champion de Crespigny, Assistant Director, Research and Education, Safe Work Australia,  Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 2.

[29]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 58; University of Melbourne, Audiology and Speech Sciences, Submission 9, p. 1; Dr Fleur Champion de Crespigny, Assistant Director, Research and Education, Safe Work Australia,  Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 2.

[30]      Dr Fleur Champion de Crespigny, Assistant Director, Research and Education, Safe Work Australia,  Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 2.

[31]      Safe Work Australia, Submission 5, [pp 1-2].

[32]      Access Economic, 2006, p. 79; University of Melbourne, Submission 9, p. 2; and New South Wales (NSW) Health, Submission 167, p. 19.

[33]      Access Economics, 2006, pp 74, 80; University of Melbourne, Submission 9, p. 6.

[34]      Neil and Susan Clutterbuck, Submission 36, [p. 2].

[35]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 22.

[36]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 23.

[37]      Farmsafe Australia, Submission 33, p. 1.

[38]      Access Economics, 2006, pp 80-81.

[39]      DOHA, Submission 54, [p. 1].

[40]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 19.

[41]      NSW Health, Submission 167, p. 5; Access Economics, 2006, p. 80.

[42]      Ms Marion Burgess, Submission 172, p. 4.

[43]      Meniere's Australia,  Submission 156, pp 2, 4.

[44]      Meniere's Australia, Submission 156, p. 4.

CHAPTER 7 - ADEQUACY OF EDUCATION AND AWARENESS PROGRAMS

[1]        Department of Health and Ageing (DOHA), Submission 54, p. 57.

[2]        DOHA, Submission 54, p. 9.

[3]        DOHA, Submission 54, p. 57; Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 18.

[4]        Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 18.

[5]        See for example Better Hearing Australia, Submission 7, p. 3; Australian Institute of Occupational Hygienists (AIOH), Submission 157, p. 5; SCIC, Submission 28, [p. 11]; and DOHA, Submission 54, p. 59.

[6]        DOHA, Submission 54, p. 57.

[7]        Ms Shaunine Quinn, Audiologist Representative on Advisory Committee, Services for Australian Rural and Remote Allied Health (SARRAH), Committee Hansard, 12 October 2009, p. 48.

[8]        Access Economics, 2006, Listen Hear!: the economic impact and cost of hearing loss in Australia, p. 17.

[9]        Audiology Australia, Submission 74, p. 6.        

[10]      Audiology Australia, Submission 74, pp 6-7.    

[11]      Dr Warwick Williams, Submission 14, pp 2-3.  

[12]      Professor Harvey Dillon, Director, National Acoustic Laboratory (NAL), Committee Hansard, 13 October 2009, p. 51.

[13]      Dr Warwick Williams, Submission 14, pp 2-3.

[14]      See for example Access Innovation, Submission 44, p. 6, and Ms Barbara Nudd, Submission 128, [pp 4-5].

[15]      New South Wales (NSW) Health, Submission 167, pp 19-20.

[16]      Deafness Forum of Australia, Submission 34, p. 34.

[17]      Western Australian (WA) Government, Submission 154, p. 2.

[18]      Ms Shona Fennell, Submission 108, [p. 1]; Quota Club International of Camden, Submission 73, [p. 1];  Mr P Lindley, Submission 106, p. 3; Attune, Submission 134, [p. 4].

[19]      Self Help for the Hard of Hearing (SHHH) Australia, Submission 72, [p. 13];                          Ms Yvonne Batterham, Submission 129, [p. 8]; NSW Health, Submission 167, pp 19-20;              Ms Shaunine Quinn, Audiologist Representative on Advisory Committee, SARRAH, Committee Hansard, 12 October 2009, p. 51.

[20]      Professor Harvey Dillon, Director, NAL, Committee Hansard, 13 October 2009, p. 51.

[21]      Professor Harvey Dillon, Director, NAL, Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 16.

[22]      Ms Marion Burgess, Submission 172, p. 2.

[23]      SARRAH, Submission 29, p. 10; see also Access Economics, 2006, pp 19-20.

[24]      Deafness Forum of Australia, Submission 34, pp 33-37.

[25]      Farmsafe Australia, Submission 33, p. 9.

[26]      Farmsafe Australia, Submission 33, p. 11.

[27]      SARRAH, Submission 29, p. 10.

[28]      Farmsafe Australia, Submission 33, pp 8, 10.

[29]      Mr Daniel Lalor, Submission 116, [p. 2].

[30]      Cited in Hearing Care Industry Association (HCIA), Submission 62, pp 14-15.

[31]      Professor Robert Cowan, HEARing Cooperative Research Centre, Committee Hansard, 8 December 2009, p. 1.

[32]      Mr Daniel Lalor, Submission 116, [p. 2].

[33]      Access Innovation, Submission 44, p. 3.

[34]      See for example HCIA, Submission 62, pp 14-15; HEARing CRC, Submission 45, p. 3; Better Hearing Australia Brisbane Inc, Submission 65 [p. 2]; National Seniors Australia, Submission 175, p. 9; and Canberra Deaf Children's Association, Submission 27, [p. 3].

[35]      Mr Daniel Lalor, Submission 116, [p. 3].

[36]      Deafness Forum Australia, Submission 34, p. 34.

[37]      Royal National Institute for Deaf People (RNID), Don't lose the music: Look after your ears now, enjoy music forever, [Available: http://www.dontlosethemusic.com/home/] (accessed 28 April 2010)

[38]      Ms Marion Burgess, Submission 172, p. 4.

[39]      Access Innovation, Submission 44, p. 2; Quota Club International of Camden, Submission 73, [p. 1].            

[40]      Dr Anthony Hogan, Submission 111, pp 5-6.

[41]      Ms Michelle Snail, Submission 123, [p. 1].

[42]      Dr Anthony Hogan, Submission 111, pp 2, 5-6; Farmsafe Australia, Submission 33, pp 8, 10.

[43]      Audiology Australia, Submission 74, p. 7.

[44]      Dr Jenny Rosen, Submission 2, [pp 3-4]; Media Access Australia, Submission 30, [p. 3]; Access Innovation, Submission 44, p. 6.

[45]      Canberra Deaf Children's Association, Submission 27, [p. 1].

[46]      Australian DeafBlind Council, Submission 69, p. 5; WA Government, Submission 154, p. 4    ; Dr Jenny Rosen, Submission 2, [pp 3-4].

CHAPTER 8 - SPECIFIC HEARING HEALTH ISSUES AFFECTING INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES

[1]        Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 19.

[2]        Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 19.

[3]        Department of Health and Ageing (DOHA), Submission 54, p. 62.

[4]        DOHA, answer to question on notice 19 March 2010 (received 6 May 2010), Question 22.

[5]        See for example Dr Chris Perry, Clinical Director, Deadly Ears Program, Committee Hansard, 7 December 2009, p. 2.

[6]        DOHA, Submission 54, p. 62.

[7]        DOHA, answer to question on notice 19 March 2010 (received 6 May 2010), Question 22.

[8]        Phoenix Consulting, Submission 112, p. 6.

[9]        Phoenix Consulting, Submission 112, p. 6.

[10]      Associate Professor Linnett Sanchez, School of Medicine, Flinders University, Submission 31, p. 3.

[11]      Professor Peter Morris, Associate Professor Child Health Division, Menzies School of Health Research, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, p. 57.

[13]      Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), The Health and Welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples 2008, April 2008, p. 134.

[14]      Mr Louis Leidwinger, Regional Audiologist, Kimberley Aboriginal Medical Services Council, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, p. 31.

[15]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 62.

[16]      Ms Kathy Currie, Hearing Health Program Leader, Northern Territory Department of Health and Families, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, p. 2; see also Dr Chris Perry, Clinical Director, Deadly Ears, Committee Hansard, 7 December 2009, p. 1.

[17]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 62.

[18]      Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet, Review of ear health and hearing among Indigenous peoples, retrieved 23 March 2010 from http://www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/other-health-conditions/ear/reviews/our-review.

[19]      Mr Louis Leidwinger, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, p. 32.

[20]      Associate Professor Peter Morris, Deputy Division Leader Child Health Division, Menzies School of Health Research, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, p. 56.

[22]      Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet (2004) Review of ear health and hearing among Indigenous peoples, retrieved 23 March 2010 from http://www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/other-health-conditions/ear/reviews/our-review.

[23]      Ms Kacy Kohn, East Arnhem Regionalisation Coordinator, Northern Territory Department of Health and Families, Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 24.

[24]      DOHA, Submission 54, p. 63.

[25]      Associate Professor Peter Morris, Deputy Division Leader Child Health Division, Menzies School of Health Research, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, p. 56.

[26]      Associate Professor Peter Morris, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, p. 60.

[27]      See for example Ms Kathy Currie, Hearing Health Program Leader, Northern Territory Department of Health and Families, Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 16.

[28]      Ms Kacy Kohn, East Arnhem Regionalisation Coordinator, Northern Territory Department of Health and Families, Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 25. 

[29]      Mrs Rebecca Allnutt, Committee Hansard, 18 February 2010, p. 9.

[30]      See in particular Northern Territory Department of Education, Learning Lessons: an independent review of Indigenous education in the Northern Territory, (1999), viewed 20 April 2010, http://www.det.nt.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/7475/learning_lessons_review.pdf

[31]      Ms Denyse Bainbridge, Hearing Team Coordinator, Student Services, NT Department of Education and Training, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, p. 40.

[32]      Phoenix Consulting, Submission 112, p. 9.

[33]      See for example, respectively, Professor Linnett Sanchez, Flinders University School of Medicine, Submission 31; Professor Harvey Coates, Committee Hansard, 9 December 2009; and Dr Chris Perry, Clinical Director, Deadly Ears, Committee Hansard, 7 December 2009.

[34]      Dr Chris Perry, Clinical Director, Deadly Ears, Committee Hansard, 7 December 2009, p. 5.

[35]      Phoenix Australia, Submission 112, p. 5.

[36]      Burrow S, Galloway A, Weissofner N, Review of educational and other approaches to hearing loss among Indigenous people. Retrieved 24 March 2010 from http://www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/other-health-conditions/ear/reviews/our-review-education

[37]      Professor Linnett Sanchez, Flinders University School of Medicine, Submission 31, p. 3.

[38]      Mrs Dorothy Fox, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, p. 86.

[39]      Ms Sandra Nelson, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, p. 80.

[40]      Ms Denyse Bainbridge, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, pp 39-41.

[41]      Ms Sandra Nelson, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, p. 79.

[42]      Dr Chris Perry, Clinical Director, Deadly Ears Program, Committee Hansard, 7 December 2009, p. 7.

[43]      Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 20.

[44]      Professor Harvey Dillon, Director, National Acoustic Laboratory (NAL), Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 22.

[45]      Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 20.

[46]      Australian Hearing, Submission 38, p. 20.

[47]      DOHA, answer to question on notice 19 March 2010 (received 3 May 2010).

[48]      Mrs Rebecca Allnutt, Committee Hansard, 18 February 2010, p. 17.

[49]      Professor Harvey Coates, Committee Hansard, 9 December 2010, p. 24.

[50]      Ear Science Institute Australia, Submission 66, p. 2.

[51]      Dr Chris Perry, Clinical Director, Deadly Ears Program, Committee Hansard,                            7 December 2009, p. 4.

[52]      Allied Health, Clinical Support and Rehabilitation Services: Deadly Ears State-wide Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Ear Health Program, viewed 29 March 2010, http://www.health.qld.gov.au/rch/professionals/ah_ats_earhealth.asp

[53]      Dr Chris Perry, Clinical Director Deadly Ears Program, Committee Hansard, 7 December 2009, pp 6, 9.

[54]      Professor Harvey Dillon, Director, NAL, Committee Hansard , 19 March 2010, p. 11.

[55]      Ear Science Institute Australia, Submission 66, pp 2-3.

[56]      Dr Chris Perry, Clinical Director, Deadly Ears Program, Committee Hansard,                            7 December 2009, p. 8.

[57]      Professor Harvey Coates, Committee Hansard, 9 December 2010, p. 14.

[58]      Professor Harvey Dillon, Director, NAL, Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 11.

[59]      Professor Harvey Coates, Committee Hansard, 9 December 2010, p. 15.

[60]      Ear Science Institute Australia, Submission 66, p. 3.

[61]      Ear Science Institute Australia, Submission 66, p. 3; see also Professor Harvey Dillon, Director of Research, Australian Hearing, Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 12.

[62]      Mr Derek Moule, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, p. 22.

[63]      Mr Tristan Ray, Manager, Central Australian Youth Link Up Service, Committee Hansard, 18 February 2010, p. 1.

[64]      Ms Samantha Harkus, Manager Indigenous Services, Australian Hearing, Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p 21; for further information visit the ARDS website at http://www.ards.com.au/

[65]      Ms Ann Jacobs, Committee Hansard, 9 December 2009, p. 55.

[66]      Ms Ann Jacobs, Committee Hansard, 9 December 2009, p. 64.

[67]      Phoenix Consulting, Submission 112, p. 55.

[68]      Ms Sam Harkus, Manager Indigenous Services, Australian Hearing, Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 23.

[69]      Mrs Rebecca Allnutt, Committee Hansard, 18 February 2010, p. 16.

[70]      Dr Damien Howard, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, p. 112.

[71]      Menzies School of Health Research, viewed 7 April 2010, http://menzies.edu.au/research/child-health/ear-and-oral-health/-australian-indigenous-earinfonet-ear-health-and-hearing-w 

[72]      Miss Felicity Ward, Menzies School of Health, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, p. 68.

[73]      Miss Felicity Ward, Menzies School of Health Research, Committee Hansard,                         16 February 2010, p. 68

[74]      Mrs Rebecca Allnut, Committee Hansard, 18 February 2010, p. 16.

[75]      Telethon Speech and Hearing, Submission 11, [pp 3-5].

[76]      See for example: Dr Chris Perry, Clinical Director, Deadly Ears, Committee Hansard, 7 December 2009, p. 10; Professor Harvey Coates, Committee Hansard, 9 December 2010, p. 18; Telethon Speech and Hearing, Submission 11, [p. 7].  

[77]      See Ms Kathy Currie, Hearing Health Program Leader, Northern Territory Department of Health and Families, Committee Hansard, 19 March 2010, p. 28.

[78]      Healthcare Planning and Evaluation, Evaluation of the sustainability and benefits of swimming pools in the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Lands (APY Lands) in South Australia, July 2009, viewed 1 April 2010, http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/AE9490AB62641D4BCA2576CC00205A5A/$File/hpe_swimmingper cent20pools_SA.pdf  

[79]      Healthcare Planning and Evaluation, Evaluation of the sustainability and benefits of swimming pools in the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Lands (APY Lands) in South Australia, July 2009, p.1., viewed 1 April 2010, http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/AE9490AB62641D4BCA2576CC00205A5A/$File/hpe_swimmingper cent20pools_SA.pdf  

[80]      Northern Australian Aboriginal Justice Agency (NAAJA), Submission 170, p. 3.

[81]      Ms Ann Jacobs, Committee Hansard, 9 December 2009, p. 54.

[82]      Mr Paul Higginbotham, CEO, Telethon Speech and Hearing, Committee Hansard, 9 December 2009, p. 39.

[83]      NAAJA, Submission 170, p. 4.

[84]      Dr Damien Howard, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, p. 101.

[85]      Telethon Speech and Hearing, Submission 11, additional information provided 7 May 2010.

[86]      Dr Damien Howard, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, p. 100.

[87]      Mrs Rebecca Allnutt, Committee Hansard, 18 February 2010, p. 12.

[88]      See for example Mr Paul Higginbotham, CEO, Telethon Speech and Hearing, Committee Hansard, 9 December 2009, p. 49.

[89]      Dr Stuart Miller, President of the Australian Society of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (ASOHNS), Committee Hansard, 9 December 2010, p. 12.

[90]      NAAJA, Submission 170, p. 5.

[91]      Phoenix Consulting, Submission 112, pp 26-27.

[92]      Mr Tristan Ray, Manager, Central Australian Youth Link Up Service, Tangantyere Council, Committee Hansard, 18 February 2010, pp 1-2.

[94]      NAAJA, Submission 170, p. 6.

[95]      Mr Louis Leidwinger, Committee Hansard,16 February 2010, p. 37.

[96]      Ms Amarjit Anand, Principal Audiologist, Northern Territory Hearing, Committee Hansard,   16 February 2010, p. 18.

[97]      NAAJA, Submission 170, p. 7.

[98]      NAAJA, Submission 170, p. 7.

[99]      Ms Elizabeth Temple, NAAJA, Committee Hansard, 16 February 2010, pp 94-96.

[100]    See for example Report of the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody (1991), Vol.4, 31.2.34 (Northern Territory); and 31.2.26 (Western Australia); and 31.2.24 (Queensland), viewed 22 April 2010, http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/IndigLRes/rciadic/

[101]    Report of the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody (1991), Vol.4, 31.3.20‑1.3.24, viewed 22 April 2010, http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/IndigLRes/rciadic/