Foreign Investment Reform (Protecting Australia’s National Security) Bill 2020

Originating house
House of Representatives
Parliament no

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Introduced with the Foreign Acquisitions and Takeovers Fees Imposition Amendment Bill 2020, the bill amends the: Foreign Acquisitions and Takeovers Act 1975 to: introduce a new national security test which requires mandatory notification of investments in a sensitive national security business or land and allows investments not otherwise notified to be 'called in' for review on national security grounds; provide the Treasurer, as a last resort and in extraordinary circumstances, with the ability to issue a divestment order where there is no other remedy for a national security risk; expand the enforcement, monitoring and investigative powers of the Treasurer and the Commissioner of Taxation; amend the circumstances in which an investor satisfies the change in control test; deems a foreign person to have acquired an interest in securities in an entity where the persons' proportional holdings have increased without the person taking any action; amend the definition of Australian business to include state and territory business functions; expand the tracing rules to unincorporated limited partnerships; enable information sharing with foreign governments; create a Register of Foreign Ownership of Australian Assets which incorporates the existing Register of Foreign Ownership of Water Entitlements and Register of Foreign Ownership of Agricultural Land, and create additional obligations to notify the Registrar of a broader range of interests; provide that fees are payable for new types of actions; and make consequential and technical amendments; Foreign Acquisitions and Takeovers Act 1975 and Taxation Administration Act 1953 to enable the Commissioner of Taxation to disclose protected information to the Foreign Investment Review Board for certain purposes; and Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975 and Security of Critical Infrastructure Act 2018 to make consequential amendments. Also repeals the Register of Foreign Ownership of Water or Agricultural Land Act 2015.


House of Representatives
Introduced and read a first time 28 Oct 2020
Second reading moved 28 Oct 2020
Second reading debate 03 Dec 2020
Second reading debate 07 Dec 2020
Second reading agreed to 07 Dec 2020
Consideration in detail debate 07 Dec 2020
Third reading agreed to 07 Dec 2020
Introduced and read a first time 08 Dec 2020
Second reading agreed to 08 Dec 2020
Third reading agreed to
  • : Amendment details: 2 Opposition agreed to
08 Dec 2020
House of Representatives
Consideration of Senate message
  • Details: House agreed to Senate amendments
09 Dec 2020
Finally passed both Houses 09 Dec 2020
  • Act no: 114
  • Year: 2020
10 Dec 2020

Documents and transcripts

Text of bill

Explanatory memoranda

Proposed amendments

House of representatives


Schedules of amendments


Helpful information

Text of bill

  • First reading: Text of the bill as introduced into the Parliament
  • Third reading: Prepared if the bill is amended by the house in which it was introduced. This version of the bill is then considered by the second house.
  • As passed by both houses: Final text of bill agreed to by both the House of Representatives and the Senate which is presented to the Governor-General for assent.

Explanatory memoranda

  • Explanatory memorandum: Accompanies and provides an explanation of the content of the introduced version (first reading) of the bill.
  • Supplementary explanatory memorandum: Accompanies and explains amendments proposed by the government to the bill.
  • Revised explanatory memorandum: Accompanies and explains the amended version (third reading) of the bill. It supersedes the explanatory memorandum.

Proposed amendments

Circulated by members and senators when they propose to make changes to the bill. For details about the outcome of proposed amendments please refer to either the Votes and Proceedings (House of Representatives) or the Journals (Senate).

Schedules of amendments

Schedules of amendments list amendments agreed to by the second house are communicated to the first house for consideration. Subsequent action by either house may also be included in a schedule.

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