Footnotes

Footnotes

Executive Summary

[1]        Joint Select Committee on Gambling Reform, First report: The design and implementation of a mandatory pre-commitment system for electronic gaming machines, 6 May 2011.

[2]        Betting online on the outcome of an event after it has started (e.g. an online bet on the outcome of a particular tennis match after the match has started) or betting on a discrete contingency within an event after the event has started (e.g. an online bet during a tennis match as to whether the next serve will be an ace).

[3]        SBS TV, 'Online gambling', Insight, 13 September 2011.

Chapter 1 - Introduction and conduct of the inquiry

[1]        Senate Community Affairs References Committee, The prevalence of interactive and online gambling in Australia, 26 August 2010.

[2]        Journals of the Senate, 30 September 2010, p. 111.

[3]        Journals of the Senate, 28 October 2010, p. 252. Note: The resolution of appointment for the Joint Select Committee on Gambling Reform directs the committee to inquire into and report on 'such other matters relating to gambling referred from either House', Journals of the Senate, 30 September 2010, pp 141–142.

[4]        Journals of the Senate, 30 September 2010, p. 111.

[5]        Journals of the Senate, 20 June 2011, p. 1037. Note: the resolution of appointment for the Joint Select Committee on Gambling Reform directs the committee to inquire into and report on 'any gambling-related legislation that has been tabled in either House, either as a first reading or exposure draft'. Journals of the Senate, 30 September 2010, pp 141–142.

[6]        Report to the Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs by The Allen Consulting Group, Review of current and future trends in Interactive gambling activity and regulation, Literature Review, June 2009, p. vi.

[7]        Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.3.

[8]        Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 3.

[9]        A betting exchange is similar to a stock exchange except wagers/bets are traded for different prices and quantities. A betting exchange matches those who are seeking to bet that a particular outcome will occur (i.e horse X will win) with others who are seeking to place opposing wagers (i.e horse X will not win). Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 16.6.

[10]      Online bingo is prohibited under the IGA.

Chapter 2

[1]        KPMG International, Online Gaming: A Gamble or a Sure Bet?, 2010, p. 2.

[2]        Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 2.

[3]        Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 2.

[4]        Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 2.

[5]        Information available from: http://online.casinocity.com/jurisdictions/index.cfm?searchdata=2&sorttab=n/a&sortlist=sites&filterlist=&numperpage=25&searchall=0 (accessed 12 September 2011).

[6]        Information available from: http://online.casinocity.com/jurisdictions/index.cfm?searchdata=2&sorttab=n/a&sortlist=sites&filterlist=&numperpage=25&searchall=0 (accessed 28 July 2011).

[7]        This figure can be broken down into 7 per cent or $1.4 billion from poker machines, $1.4 billion or 8 per cent from tables and $0.6 billion or 3 per cent from VIPs.

[8]        The growth in the sports betting market is covered in chapter 10.

[9]        Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 2.5.

[10]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 3.

[11]      Note: some results outdated and not from national surveys.

[12]      Information available from: http://www.responsiblegambling.org/articles/Sally_Gainsbury.pdf (accessed 28 July 2011).

[13]      Dr Sally Gainsbury, Response to the Productivity Commission Inquiry Report into Gambling: Online gaming and the Interactive Gambling Act, Gambling Research Volume 22, No 2, November 2010, p. 4.

[14]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, pp 15.15–15.16.

[15]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 3.

[16]      Dr Sally Gainsbury, Response to the Productivity Commission Inquiry Report into Gambling: Online gaming and the Interactive Gambling Act, Gambling Research Volume 22, No 2, November 2010, p. 5.

[17]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 3.

[18]      British Gambling Prevalence Survey, 2010, prepared by the National Centre for Social Research for The Gambling Commission, p. 10. See also Gambling Commission (United Kingdom) Submission 33, pp 8–9.

[19]      Dr Sally Gainsbury, Response to the Productivity Commission Inquiry Report into Gambling: Online gaming and the Interactive Gambling Act, Gambling Research Volume 22, No 2, November 2010, p. 4.

[20]      Wood, R.T. & Williams, R.J. (2009). Internet Gambling: Prevalence, Patterns, Problems, and Policy Options, Final Report prepared for the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, 5 January 2009, p. 6.

[21]      Wood, R.T. & Williams, R.J. (2009). Internet Gambling: Prevalence, Patterns, Problems, and Policy Options, Final Report prepared for the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, 5 January 2009, pp 8–9.

[22]      ACMA, Telecommunications Today: research report series, Report 6 – Internet activity and content, September 2008, p. 18. Available from: http://www.acma.gov.au/WEB/STANDARD/pc=PC_9058 (accessed 18 August 2011).

[23]      Anglicare Tasmania, Submission 6, p. 3.

[24]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 10; See also Mr Christopher Hunt, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 18.

[25]      Mr Andrew Twaits, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 21.

[26]      Mr Cormac Barry, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 11.

[27]      Wood, R.T. & Williams, R.J. (2009). Internet Gambling: Prevalence, Patterns, Problems, and Policy Options, Final Report prepared for the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, 5 January 2009, p. 9.

[28]      Jessica McBride and Dr Jeffrey Derevensky, Internet Gambling Behaviour in a Sample of Online Gamblers, International Journal of Mental Health Addiction, 2009, 7:149–167, p. 156.

[29]      Responsible Gambling Advocacy Centre, Submission 29, p. 10.

[30]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 10.

[31]      Wood, R.T. & Williams, R.J. (2009). Internet Gambling: Prevalence, Patterns, Problems, and Policy Options, Final Report prepared for the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, 5 January 2009, p. 9.

[32]      Wood, R.T. & Williams, R.J. (2009). Internet Gambling: Prevalence, Patterns, Problems, and Policy Options, Final Report prepared for the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, 5 January 2009, pp 9–10.

[33]      The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists, Submission 10, covering letter, p. 2.

[34]      Jessica McBride and Dr Jeffrey Derevensky, Internet Gambling Behaviour in a Sample of Online Gamblers, International Journal of Mental Health Addiction, 2009, 7:149–167, p. 159.

[35]      Relationships Australia, Submission 14, p. 2.

[36]      Wood, R.T. & Williams, R.J. (2009). Internet Gambling: Prevalence, Patterns, Problems, and Policy Options, Final Report prepared for the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, 5 January 2009, pp 10–11.

[37]      Jessica McBride and Dr Jeffrey Derevensky, Internet Gambling Behaviour in a Sample of Online Gamblers, International Journal of Mental Health Addiction, 2009, 7:149–167, p. 162.

[38]      Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition.

[39]      British Gambling Prevalence Survey, 2010, prepared by the National Centre for Social Research for The Gambling Commission, p. 11. See also Gambling Commission (Great Britain) Submission 33, p. 9.

[40]      British Gambling Prevalence Survey, 2010, prepared by the National Centre for Social Research for The Gambling Commission, p. 12. See also Gambling Commission (Great Britain) Submission 33, p. 9.

[41]      Including online bets on horse races, dog races, other sports or non-sports events made with a bookmaker or betting exchange.

[42]      Included using the internet to play the National Lottery, other lotteries, bingo, football pools, casino games, online slot machine style games.

[43]      Gambling Commission (Great Britain) Submission 33, pp 9–10.

[44]      British Gambling Prevalence Survey, 2010, prepared by the National Centre for Social Research for The Gambling Commission, p. 10. See also Gambling Commission (United Kingdom) Submission 33, p. 12.

[45]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 6. See also Dr Sally Gainsbury, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 33.

[46]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 6. See also Dr Sally Gainsbury, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 33.

[47]      Dr Jeffrey Derevensky, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 7.

[48]      Review of current and future trends in interactive gambling activity and regulation, Literature Review, Report to the Australian Government Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, by the Allen Consulting Group, June 2009, p. 19.

[49]      Anglicare Tasmania, Submission 6, p. 4.

[50]      As measured by the Problem Gambling Severity Index.

[51]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 11.

[52]      Tasmanian Government, Submission 26, p. 5.

[53]      Tasmanian Government, Submission 26, p. 7.

[54]      Emma Schmidt, 'Monash man's online gambling disaster', Waverley Leader, 16 August 2011; Angus Livingston, 'Gambling soars in Maroondah', Maroondah Leader, 13 September 2011; 'Online gambling strife on the rise, Knox Leader, 29 September 2011.

[55]      Major Brad Halse, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 41.

[56]      Sportsbet, Submission 44, p. 18.

[57]      Review of current and future trends in interactive gambling activity and regulation, Literature Review, Report to the Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, The Allen Consulting Group, June 2009, p. vii.

[58]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, Table 15.1, p. 15.13.

[59]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.11.

[60]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.15.

[61]      Dr Ralph Lattimore, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 52.

[62]      University of Sydney Gambling Treatment Clinic, Submission 9, p. 2.

[63]      University of Sydney Gambling Treatment Clinic, Submission 9, p. 2.

[64]      Australian Christian Lobby, Submission 21, pp 1–2.

[65]      Australian Christian Lobby, Submission 21, p. 2.

[66]      J.G. Phillips and Prof. Alex Blaszczynski, Gambling and the Impact of New and Emerging Technologies and Associated Products, Final Report, August 2010, p. 9.

[67]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 10.

[68]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, pp 6–7.

[69]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.7.

[70]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.7.

[71]      Jessica McBride and Dr Jeffrey Derevensky, Internet Gambling Behaviour in a Sample of Online Gamblers, International Journal of Mental Health Addiction, 2009, 7:149–167, p. 156.

[72]      Social Issues Executive, Anglican Church, Diocese of Sydney, Submission 17, pp 1–2.

[73]      Social Issues Executive, Anglican Church, Diocese of Sydney, Submission 17, p. 2.

[74]      Tasmanian Government, Submission 26, pp 7–8.

[75]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 7. Note: Chapter 11 contains a discussion of the risks of underage gambling on sports betting websites.

[76]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 7.

[77]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.8.

[78]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.8.

[79]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.9.

[80]      Australian Christian Lobby, Submission 21, p. 2.

[81]      Clubs Australia, Submission 24, p. 7.

[82]      Clubs Australia, Submission 24, p. 7.

[83]      Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 53, p. 4, 25–26.

[84]      Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 53, p. 5.

[85]      Emma Schmidt, 'Monash man's online gambling disaster' Waverley Leader, 16 August 2011.

[86]      Covered in chapter eight.

[87]      Anne Wright, 'Explosion in smartphone gambling, Apps luring youth punt, Herald Sun, 6 June 2011, p. 13.

[88]      Responsible Gambling Advocacy Centre, Submission 29, p. 3.

[89]      The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists, Submission 10, covering letter, p. 2.

[90]      Australian Christian Lobby, Submission 21, pp 2–3.

[91]      Australian Christian Lobby, Submission 21, p. 3.

[92]      Relationships Australia, Submission 14, pp 2–3.

[93]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 6.

[94]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 6.

[95]      J.G. Phillips and Prof. Alex Blaszczynski, Gambling and the Impact of New and Emerging Technologies and Associated Products, Final Report, August 2010, p. 14.

[96]      J.G. Phillips and Prof. Alex Blaszczynski, Gambling and the Impact of New and Emerging Technologies and Associated Products, Final Report, August 2010, p. 14.

[97]      Dr Sally Gainsbury, Response to the Productivity Commission Inquiry Report into Gambling: Online gaming and the Interactive Gambling Act, Gambling Research Volume 22, No 2, November 2010, p. 5. 

[98]      Tasmanian Government, Submission 26, p. 4.

[99]      Tasmanian Government, Submission 26, p. 8.

[100]    FaHCSIA, Submission 25, p. 3.

[101]    Responsible Gambling Advocacy Centre, Submission 29, p. 4.

[102]    Dr Jeffrey Derevensky, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 4. See also Sally Monaghan, Jeffrey Derevensky & Alyssa Sklar, Impact of gambling advertisements and marketing on children and adolescents: Policy recommendations to minimise harm, Journal of Gambling Issues: Issue 22, December 2008, p. 253.

[103]    Dr Jeffrey Derevensky, Submission 3, p. 1.

[104]    The International Centre for Youth Gambling Problems. See www.youthgambling.com.

[105]    Dr Jeffrey Derevensky, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 4.

[106]    Mr Shayne Neumann MP and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 41.

[107]    Relationships Australia, Submission 14, p. 2.

[108]    Wood, R.T. & Williams, R.J. (2009). Internet Gambling: Prevalence, Patterns, Problems, and Policy Options, Final Report prepared for the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, 5 January 2009, pp 10–11.

[109]    Relationships Australia, Submission 14, pp 2–3.

[110]    The Hon Michael O'Brien MP, Minister for Gaming, 'Vic Coalition Govt launches Australia's first campaign on online gambling dangers', Media release, 15 September 2011.

[111]    Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.18.

[112]    Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 5.

[113]    J.G. Phillips and Prof. Alex Blaszczynski, Gambling and the Impact of New and Emerging Technologies and Associated Products, Final Report, August 2010, p. 10.

[114]    J.G. Phillips and Prof. Alex Blaszczynski, Gambling and the Impact of New and Emerging Technologies and Associated Products, Final Report, August 2010, p. 11.

[115]    Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 5.

[116]    The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists, Submission 10, p. 3.

[117]    Relationships Australia, Submission 14, p. 3.

[118]    Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 2.

[119]    Social Issues Executive, Anglican Church, Diocese of Sydney, Submission 17, p. 5.

[120]    Telstra, Submission 23, p. 3.

[121]    Dr Jeffrey Derevensky, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 7.

[122]    Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 12.

[123]    Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 39.

[124]    Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 40.

[125]    Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.30.

[126]    Mr Gary Banks, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 54.

[127]    Jason Dowling, 'Baillieu targets gambling harm', The Age, 12 October 2011.

[128]    Joint Select Committee on Gambling Reform, First Report, The design and implementation of a mandatory pre-commitment system for electronic gaming machines, May 2011, p. 92.

Chapter 3

[1]        Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, pp 15.34–15.35.

[2]        Senator the Hon Nick Sherry, Assistant Treasurer; The Hon Jenny Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs; Senator the Hon Stephen Conroy, Minister for Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, 'Productivity Commission Report into Gambling', Joint Press Release, Canberra, 23 June 2010.

[3]        Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Submission 28, p. 1.

[4]        Mr Richard Windeyer, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 35.

[5]        Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Supplementary submission 31, p. 2.

[6]        Liberalisation means opening the market and putting appropriate regulations in place. This can also be referred to as regulation.

[7]        Information available from: http://online.casinocity.com/ (accessed 16 August 2011).

[8]        Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol.1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 2.5.

[9]        Gaming Technologies Association, Submission 19, p. 1.

[10]      Sportsbet, Submission 44, p. 3.

[11]      Mr Andrew Twaits, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 31.

[12]      Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 54, p. 9.

[13]      Wesley Mission, Submission 2, p. 8.

[14]      Relationships Australia, Submission 14, p. 3.

[15]      Ms Penny Wilson, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 37.

[16]      Republic of South Africa, Department of Trade and Industry, Gambling Review Commission, Gambling Review Report, 29 June 2011, p. 182, available from: http://www.thedti.gov.za/news2011/Gambling_review.pdf (accessed 12 July 2011).

[17]      Republic of South Africa, Department of Trade and Industry, Gambling Review Commission, Gambling Review Report, 29 June 2011, p. 182, available from: http://www.thedti.gov.za/news2011/Gambling_review.pdf (accessed 12 July 2011).

[18]      Wood, R.T. & Williams, R.J. (2009). Internet Gambling: Prevalence, Patterns, Problems, and Policy Options, Final Report prepared for the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, 5 January 2009, p. 11.

[19]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.20.

[20]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 2.

[21]      Sportsbet, Submission 44, p. 3.

[22]      iBus Media, Submission 42, p. 51.

[23]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 35.

[24]      Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 54, p. 4.

[25]      Responsible Gambling Advocacy Centre, Submission 29, p. 4. See also Responsible Gaming Networks, Submission 62, p. 2.

[26]      Ms Penny Wilson, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 37.

[27]      Anglicare Tasmania, Submission 6, p. 4.

[28]      Anglicare Tasmania, Submission 6, p. 4.

[29]      Responsible Gambling Advocacy Centre, Submission 29, p. 5.

[30]      Clubs Australia, Submission 24, p. 11.

[31]      Clubs Australia, Submission 24, p. [p. 10].

[32]      Mr Paul Aalto, Submission 53, p. 1.

[33]      Australian Christian Lobby, Submission 21, p. 2.

[34]      Australian Christian Lobby, Submission 21, p. 3.

[35]      Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 34. See also Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 6.

[36]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, pp 7–8.

[37]      Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 37.

[38]      Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 38.

[39]      Clubs Australia, Submission 24, pp 9–10.

[40]      Clubs Australia, Submission 24, pp 9–10.

[41]      Clubs Australia, Submission 24, p. 10.

[42]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 13.

[43]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 13.

[44]      Dr Mark Zirnsak, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 42.

[45]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 36.

[46]      Dr Ralph Lattimore, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 44.

[47]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 36.

[48]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.7.

[49]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, pp 15.29–15.30.

[50]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.9.

[51]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 5.

[52]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 5.

[53]      Wesley Mission, Submission 2, p. 7.

[54]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 5

[55]      Dr Mark Zirnsak, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 42.

[56]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 4.

[57]      Mr Andrew Twaits, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 21.

[58]      Mr Andrew Twaits, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 24, 32.

[59]      Mr Cormac Barry, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 11.

[60]      Wesley Mission, Submission 2, p. 3.

[61]      Ms Penny Wilson, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 37.

[62]      Mr Robert Fitzgerald, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, pp 49–50.

[63]      Wood, R.T. & Williams, R.J. (2009). Internet Gambling: Prevalence, Patterns, Problems, and Policy Options, Final Report prepared for the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, 5 January 2009, p. 9.

[64]      Jason Murphy, 'You can fall head over heels for a sexy website', Australian Financial Review, 13 July 2011, p. 5.

[65]      ABC News, 'More Aussies embrace online shopping', 26 July 2011, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-07-26/australian-online-shopping-research-report/2810044 (accessed 26 July 2011).

[66]      ACMA, Australia in the digital economy: Consumer engagement in e-commerce, November 2010, p.4.

[67]      Productivity Commission, Economic Structure and Performance of the Australian Retail Industry, Draft Report, July 2011, p. 94.

[68]      Mr Robert Fitzgerald, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 50.

[69]      KPMG International, Online Gaming A Gamble or a Sure Bet?, 2010, p. 7.

[70]      KPMG International, Online Gaming A Gamble or a Sure Bet?, 2010, p. 8.

[71]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 10.

[72]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 3.

[73]      Dr Sally Gainsbury, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, pp 37–38.

[74]      Mr Cormac Barry, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 5.

[75]      Mr Cormac Barry, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 10.

[76]      Wesley Mission, Submission 2, p. 3.

[77]      Wesley Mission, Submission 2, p. 8.

[78]      Dr Mark Zirnsak, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 40.

[79]      Dr Mark Zirnsak, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 40.

[80]      Dr Mark Zirnsak, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, pp. 42–43.

[81]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 5.

[82]      Australian Crime Commission, Submission 8, p. 3.

[83]      Dr Mark Zirnsak, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 43.

[84]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 37.

[85]      Wood, R.T. & Williams, R.J. (2009). Internet Gambling: Prevalence, Patterns, Problems, and Policy Options, Final Report prepared for the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, 5 January 2009, p. 12.

[86]      Wesley Mission, Submission 2, p. 5.

[87]      Wesley Mission, Submission 2, p. 5.

[88]      Wesley Mission, Submission 2, p. 5.

[89]      Social Issues Executive, Anglican Church, Diocese of Sydney, Submission 17, p. 5.

[90]      Social Issues Executive, Anglican Church, Diocese of Sydney, Submission 17, pp 2–3.

[91]      Social Issues Executive, Anglican Church, Diocese of Sydney, Submission 17, p. 3.

[92]      Social Issues Executive, Anglican Church, Diocese of Sydney, Submission 17, p. 6.

[93]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.15.

[94]      Dr Mark Zirnsak, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 39.

[95]      Dr Mark Zirnsak, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 40.

[96]      Dr Mark Zirnsak, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 40.

[97]      Dr Mark Zirnsak, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 42.

[98]      Dr Mark Zirnsak, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 42.

[99]      Australian Racing Board Limited, Submission 27, p. 3.

[100]    NSW Government, Submission 56, p. 8.

[101]    Tasmanian Government, Submission 26, p. 4.

[102]    Tasmanian Government, Submission 26, p. 5.

[103]    Tasmanian Government, Submission 26, pp 5–6.

[104]    Government of Western Australia, Department of Racing, Gaming and Liquor, Submission 15, p. 3.

Chapter 4 - International regulatory environment—forms of liberalisation

[1]        Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 14.

[2]        Sportsbet Pty Ltd, Submission 44, p. 3.

[3]        Gambling Commission (Great Britain), Submission 33, p. 5.

[4]        Equal chance gaming includes games such as poker or bingo, where the chances are equally favourable to all participants and players are not competing against a bank. See http://www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk/gf-faqs/casinos/can_i_hold_a_casino_night/non-commercial_equal_chance.aspx (accessed 25 August 2011).

[5]        Spread betting is defined as betting on sporting results, movements in the stock exchange, etc., in which the bookmaker predicts an estimated outcome as a spread, and the bettor predicts a result higher or lower than the spread, Macquarie Dictionary. See also Australian Racing Board Limited, Submission 27, p. 9: '...the returns or losses from a bet are calculated in proportion to the degree to which a bettor's prediction is right or wrong relative to the bookmaker's spread.'

[6]        iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, p. 37.

[7]        Gambling Commission (Great Britain), Submission 33, p. 3.

[8]        Gambling Commission (Great Britain), Submission 33.

[9]        Gambling Commission (Great Britain), Submission 33, p. 3.

[10]      Gambling Commission (Great Britain), Submission 33, p. 4.

[11]      Gambling Commission (Great Britain), Submission 33, p. 4.

[12]      Gambling Commission (Great Britain), Submission 33, pp 4–5.

[13]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, p. 37.

[14]      Mr John Penrose MP, Minister for Tourism and Heritage, Written Ministerial Statement on Remote Gambling Policy Proposals, Ministerial Speech, 14 July 2011, http://www.culture.gov.uk/news/ministers_speeches/8293.aspx (accessed 24 August 2011).

[15]      Mr John Penrose MP, British Minister for Tourism and Heritage, Britain consumers will be better protected by planned changes to gambling laws, Media Release 069/11, 14 July 2011, http://www.culture.gov.uk/news/media_releases/8299.aspx (accessed 24 August 2011).

[16]      Tom Lippiett, 'The UK: 2010 and beyond', iGaming Business, Issue 61, March/April 2010, p. 9.

[17]      Steve Donoughue and Fabian Adams-Sandiford, 'The Great White Hope', iGaming Business, Issue 69, July/August 2011, p. 57.

[18]      Mr John Penrose MP, British Minister for Tourism and Heritage, Written Ministerial Statement on Remote Gambling Policy Proposals, 14 July 2011, http://www.culture.gov.uk/news/ministers_speeches/8293.aspx (accessed 24 August 2011).

[19]      Gambling Act 2005, s. 44.

[20]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42 Attachment 2, p. 13.

[21]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42 Attachment 2, pp 13–15.

[22]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42 Attachment 2, p. 14. See also UK Gambling Commission, Licence Conditions and Codes of Practice, Consolidated version, March 2011 http://www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk/pdf/Licence%20conditions%20and%20codes%20of%20practice%20-%20consolidated%20March%202011.pdf (accessed 25 July 2011).

[23]      UK Gambling Commission, Licence Conditions and Codes of Practice, Consolidated version, March 2011, http://www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk/pdf/Licence%20conditions%20and%20codes%20of%20practice%20-%20consolidated%20March%202011.pdf (accessed 25 July 2011). See also iBus Media Limited, Submission 42 Attachment 2, p. 14.

[24]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42 Attachment 2, pp 14–15. See also UK Gambling Commission, Licence Conditions and Codes of Practice, Consolidated version, March 2011, http://www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk/pdf/Licence%20conditions%20and%20codes%20of%20practice%20-%20consolidated%20March%202011.pdf (accessed 25 July 2011).

[25]      UK Gambling Commission, Licence Conditions and Codes of Practice, Consolidated version, March 2011, p. 24, http://www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk/pdf/Licence%20conditions%20and%20codes%20of%20practice%20-%20consolidated%20March%202011.pdf (accessed 25 July 2011).

[26]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 41 Attachment 2, p. 15.

[27]      UK Gambling Commission, Licence Conditions and Codes of Practice, Consolidated version, March 2011, p. 25, http://www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk/pdf/Licence%20conditions%20and%20codes%20of%20practice%20-%20consolidated%20March%202011.pdf (accessed 25 July 2011).

[28]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42 Attachment 2, p. 15.

[29]      UK Gambling Commission, Licence Conditions and Codes of Practice, Consolidated version, March 2011, p. 27, http://www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk/pdf/Licence%20conditions%20and%20codes%20of%20practice%20-%20consolidated%20March%202011.pdf (accessed 25 July 2011). See also iBus Media Limited, Submission 42 Attachment 2, p. 15.

[30]      UK Gambling Commission, Licence Conditions and Codes of Practice, Consolidated version, March 2011, p. 28, http://www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk/pdf/Licence%20conditions%20and%20codes%20of%20practice%20-%20consolidated%20March%202011.pdf (accessed 25 July 2011).

[31]      Licence Conditions and Codes of Practice, Consolidated version, March 2011, p. 24, http://www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk/pdf/Licence%20conditions%20and%20codes%20of%20practice%20-%20consolidated%20March%202011.pdf (accessed 25 July 2011).

[32]      Information available from: http://www.ecogra.org/Home.aspx (accessed 8 September 2011).

[33]      Clubs Australia, Submission 24, p. 6.

[34]      Wesley Mission, Submission 2, p. 7.

[35]      Wesley Mission, Submission 2, p. 6.

[36]      Review of current and future trends in interactive gambling activity and regulation, Literature Review, Report to the Australian Government Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, by the Allen Consulting Group, June 2009, p. 35.

[37]      The Committee of Advertising Practice is responsible for writing and maintaining the British Code of Advertising, Sales Promotion and Direct Marketing which relates to non-broadcast advertising such as print media. See http://www.cap.org.uk/About-Us/Regulatory-system-at-a-glance.aspx (accessed 26 August 2011).

[38]      The Broadcast Committee of Advertising Practice is responsible for writing and maintaining the UK Code of Broadcast Advertising. This code relates to broadcast advertising including advertising online. See http://www.cap.org.uk/About-Us/Regulatory-system-at-a-glance.aspx (accessed 26 August 2011).

[39]      Review of current and future trends in interactive gambling activity and regulation, Literature Review, Report to the Australian Government Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, by the Allen Consulting Group, June 2009, p. 35.

[40]      Review of current and future trends in interactive gambling activity and regulation, Literature Review, Report to the Australian Government Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, by the Allen Consulting Group, June 2009, p. 36.

[41]      British Gambling Prevalence Survey, 2010, prepared by the National Centre for Social Research for The Gambling Commission, p. 22.

[42]      British Gambling Prevalence Survey, 2010, prepared by the National Centre for Social Research for The Gambling Commission, p. 25.

[43]      The DSM-IV is the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association. It provides common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders. The ten diagnostic criteria constitute a tool created for diagnosis of pathological gambling by clinicians. British Gambling Prevalence Survey, 2010, prepared by the National Centre for Social Research for The Gambling Commission, p. 73.

[44]      The Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) consists of nine items ranging from chasing losses to gambling causing health problems to feeling guilty about gambling. Each item is assessed on a four-point scale: never, sometimes, most of the time, almost always. Responses to each item are given the following scores: never = zero; sometimes = one; most of the time = two; almost always = three. When scores to each item are summed, a total score ranging from zero to 27 is possible. A PGSI score of eight or more represents a problem gambler. National Centre for Social Research, British Gambling Prevalence Survey 2010, prepared for the Gambling Commission, p. 74.

[45]      Gambling Commission (Great Britain), Submission 33, p. 9.

[46]      Gambling Commission (Great Britain), Submission 33, p. 10.

[47]      Mr Richard Windeyer, First Assistant Secretary, Digital Economy Strategy Division, Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 37.

[48]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, pp 41–42.

[49]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, p. 42.

[50]      Australian Racing Board Limited, Submission 27, p. 28.

[51]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, p. 42.

[52]      Australian Racing Board Limited, Submission 27, p. 28.

[53]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, pp 41–42.

[54]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, pp 41–42.

[55]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, pp 41–42.

[56]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, p. 41.

[57]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, pp 41–42.

[58]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, pp 41–42.

[59]      Article 7, Decree No. 2010-624, English Google translation, http://legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000022320894 (accessed on 18 July 2011).

[60]      Article 7, Decree No. 2010-624, English Google translation, http://legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000022320894 (accessed on 18 July 2011).

[61]      Australian Racing Board Limited, Submission 27, p. 29.

[62]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 7.

[63]      Stéphane Courbit, Chairman, BetClic Everest Group, BetClic chairman slams French gaming laws, EGaming Review, http://www.egrmagazine.com/news/607892/betclic-chairman-slams-french-gaming-laws-.thtml (accessed 11 August 2011).

[64]      Stéphane Courbit, Chairman, BetClic Everest Group, BetClic chairman slams French gaming laws, EGaming Review, http://www.egrmagazine.com/news/607892/betclic-chairman-slams-french-gaming-laws-.thtml (accessed 11 August 2011).

[65]      Mr Jack Smith, Online Gambling: a new tax program in France, 6 September 2011, http://www.poker777.com/20110906/online-gambling-a-new-tax-project-in-france.php (accessed 7 September 2011).

[66]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 4.

[67]      Alderney Gambling Control Commission, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/ (accessed 11 August 2011).

[68]      Alderney Gambling Control Commission, Submission 47.

[69]      Alderney Gambling Control Commission, Submission 47 Attachment 1, p. 2. See also http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/legislation.php (accessed 11 August 2011).

[70]      Alderney Gambling Control Commission, Submission 47 Attachment 1, p. 2.

[71]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 4.

[72]      Alderney Gambling Control Commission, Submission 47, Attachment 1, p. 2.

[73]      Alderney Gambling Control Commission, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/about_us.php (accessed 11 August 2011).

[74]      Alderney eGambling Regulations 2009, pp 15–27, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/2009_regs_consolidated_with_2010%20%201%20%202%20and%202011%20amendments.pdf (accessed 11 August 2011).

[75]      Alderney eGambling Regulations 2009, pp 15–27, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/2009_regs_consolidated_with_2010%20%201%20%202%20and%202011%20amendments.pdf (accessed 11 August 2011).

[76]      Alderney eGambling Regulations 2009, pp 15–27, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/2009_regs_consolidated_with_2010%20%201%20%202%20and%202011%20amendments.pdf (accessed 11 August 2011).

[77]      Alderney Gambling Control Commission, Annual Report 2010, p. 13, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/annual_report_2010.pdf (accessed 2 September 2011).

[78]      Alderney eGambling Regulations 2009, pp 161–175, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/2009_regs_consolidated_with_2010%20%201%20%202%20and%202011%20amendments.pdf (accessed 11 August 2011).

[79]      Alderney Gambling Control Commission, Submission 47 Attachment 1, p. 3.

[80]      Alderney eGambling Regulations 2009, pp 161–162, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/2009_regs_consolidated_with_2010%20%201%20%202%20and%202011%20amendments.pdf (accessed 11 August 2011).

[81]      Alderney eGambling Regulations 2009, p. 163, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/2009_regs_consolidated_with_2010%20%201%20%202%20and%202011%20amendments.pdf (accessed 11 August 2011).

[82]      Alderney eGambling Regulations 2009, p. 166, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/2009_regs_consolidated_with_2010%20%201%20%202%20and%202011%20amendments.pdf (accessed 11 August 2011).

[83]      Alderney eGambling Regulations 2009, p. 166, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/2009_regs_consolidated_with_2010%20%201%20%202%20and%202011%20amendments.pdf (accessed 11 August 2011).

[84]      Alderney eGambling Regulations 2009, pp 166–167, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/2009_regs_consolidated_with_2010%20%201%20%202%20and%202011%20amendments.pdf (accessed 11 August 2011).

[85]      Alderney eGambling Regulations 2009, p. 167, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/2009_regs_consolidated_with_2010%20%201%20%202%20and%202011%20amendments.pdf (accessed 11 August 2011).

[86]      Alderney eGambling Regulations 2009, pp 167–168, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/2009_regs_consolidated_with_2010%20%201%20%202%20and%202011%20amendments.pdf (accessed 11 August 2011).

[87]      Alderney eGambling Regulations 2009, p. 167, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/2009_regs_consolidated_with_2010%20%201%20%202%20and%202011%20amendments.pdf (accessed 11 August 2011).

[88]      Alderney eGambling Regulations 2009, p. 167, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/2009_regs_consolidated_with_2010%20%201%20%202%20and%202011%20amendments.pdf (accessed 11 August 2011).

[89]      Alderney eGambling Regulations 2009, p. 168, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/2009_regs_consolidated_with_2010%20%201%20%202%20and%202011%20amendments.pdf (accessed 11 August 2011).

[90]      Alderney eGambling Regulations 2009, p. 168, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/2009_regs_consolidated_with_2010%20%201%20%202%20and%202011%20amendments.pdf (accessed 11 August 2011).

[91]      Alderney eGambling Regulations 2009, pp 17–18, 22–23 & 27, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/2009_regs_consolidated_with_2010%20%201%20%202%20and%202011%20amendments.pdf (accessed 11 August 2011).

[92]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 4.

[93]      Alderney Gambling Control Commission, Annual report 2010, http://www.gamblingcontrol.org/userfiles/file/annual_report_2010.pdf (accessed 2 September 2011), p. 16.

[94]      Mr Robin Le Prevost, Director of ecommerce Development, Alderney eGambling, 'Alderney: Setting the Standards in Online Gaming, iGaming Business, issue 69 July/August 2011, p. 82.

[95]      States of Alderney Channel Island, http://www.alderney.gov.gg/Online-Gambling (accessed 2 September 2011).

[96]      European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy, Online gambling focusing on integrity and a code of conduct for gambling, November 2008, p. 60.

[97]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski. Submission 7, p. 4.

[98]      Alderney Gambling Control Commission, Submission 47 Attachment 1, p. 3.

[99]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, pp 4–5.

Chapter 5 - International regulatory environment—forms of prohibition

[1]        iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, p. 44. See also Richard K, Miller & Associates which estimates that 'Americans bet over $100 billion on all types of online gaming in 2010'. Casinos, Gaming Wagering 2011, May 2011, p. 15, http://www.rkma.com/2011casinosSAMPLE.pdf (accessed 14 November 2011).

[2]        Regis Controls Pty Ltd, Submission 35, p. 5.

[3]        Review of current and future trends in interactive gambling activity and regulation, Literature Review, Report to the Australian Government Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, by the Allen Consulting Group, June 2009, p. 36.

[4]        iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, p. 46.

[5]        Interstate Wire Act 1961, Chapter 50: Gambling, s. 1084, http://uscode.house.gov/download/pls/18C50.txt (accessed 13 October 2011).

[6]        Review of current and future trends in interactive gambling activity and regulation, Literature Review, Report to the Australian Government Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, by the Allen Consulting Group, June 2009, p. 36.

[7]        iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, p. 44.

[8]        iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, p. 44.

[9]        Australian Racing Board Limited, Submission 27, p. 23.

[10]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, p. 45.

[11]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, p. 45.

[12]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, p. 45.

[13]      Australian Racing Board Limited, Submission 27, p. 23.

[14]      Robert Williams and Robert Wood, Internet Gambling: A Comprehensive Review and Synthesis of the Literature, Report prepared for the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, 2007, p. 11.

[15]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 13, Inquiry into the Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, p. 15.

[16]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 27.

[17]      Mr Andrew Harding, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 5.

[18]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 13, Inquiry into the Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, p. 14.

[19]      Internet Gambling Prohibition, Poker Consumer Protection, and Strengthening UIGEA Act of 2011, www.house.gov, (accessed 19 July 2011).

[20]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 13, Inquiry into the Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, p. 17.

[21]      Australian Racing Board Limited, Submission 5, Inquiry into the Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, p. 3.

[22]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 13, Inquiry into the Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, p. 17.

[23]      Black Friday is the name used by some in the gambling industry to refer to 14 April 2011 when three poker sites were shut down and members of their executive indicted by US authorities. See Dunbar, M. 'State of Emergency?', iGaming Business, issue 69, July/August 2011, pp 72–74.

[24]      Mr Preet Bharara, US Attorney, Media Release, Manhattan US Attorney charges principals of three largest internet poker companies with bank fraud, illegal gambling offences and laundering billions in illegal gambling proceeds, 15 April 2011, http://www.justice.gov/usao/nys/pressreleases/April11/scheinbergetalindictmentpr.pdf (accessed 30 August 2011).

[25]      Isaac Whol, 'The Antigua-United States Online Gambling Dispute', Journal of International Commerce and Economics, web version July 2009, p. 6, http://www.usitc.gov/publications/332/journals/online_gambling_dispute.pdf (accessed 19 September 2011). See also Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 6.

[26]      Isaac Whol, 'The Antigua-United States Online Gambling Dispute', Journal of International Commerce and Economics, web version July 2009, p. 6, http://www.usitc.gov/publications/332/journals/online_gambling_dispute.pdf (accessed 19 September 2011).

[27]      Isaac Whol, 'The Antigua-United States Online Gambling Dispute', Journal of International Commerce and Economics, web version July 2009, p. 7, http://www.usitc.gov/publications/332/journals/online_gambling_dispute.pdf (accessed 19 September 2011).

[28]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 6.

[29]      Isaac Whol, 'The Antigua-United States Online Gambling Dispute', Journal of International Commerce and Economics, web version July 2009, p. 8, http://www.usitc.gov/publications/332/journals/online_gambling_dispute.pdf (accessed 19 September 2011).

[30]      Isaac Whol, 'The Antigua-United States Online Gambling Dispute', Journal of International Commerce and Economics, web version July 2009, p. 7, http://www.usitc.gov/publications/332/journals/online_gambling_dispute.pdf (accessed 19 September 2011).

[31]      James Kanter and Gary Rivlin, 'WTO gives Antigua right to violate U.S. copyrights in gambling dispute', The New York Times, 21 December 2007, http://www.nytimes.com/2007/12/21/business/worldbusiness/21iht-wto.html (accessed 13 October 2011).

[32]      Issac Whol, 'The Antigua-United States Online Gambling Dispute', Journal of International Commerce and Economics, web version July 2009, p. 8, http://www.usitc.gov/publications/332/journals/online_gambling_dispute.pdf (accessed 19 September 2011).

[33]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, pp 45–46.

[34]      Internet Gambling Prohibition, Poker Consumer Protection and Strengthening UIGEA Act of 2011, s. 2, via http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/F?c112:1:./temp/~c112yU7Tci:e3030:# (accessed on 18 July 2011).

[35]      Internet Gambling Prohibition, Poker Consumer Protection and Strengthening UIGEA Act of 2011, s. 106, via http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/F?c112:1:./temp/~c112p8hDgr:e74459:#, (accessed on 29 September 2011).

[36]      Internet Gambling Prohibition, Poker Consumer Protection and Strengthening UIGEA Act of 2011, via http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d112:h.r.02366:#, (accessed on 29 September 2011).

[37]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 13, Inquiry into the Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, p. 15.

[38]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, p. 49.

[39]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, p. 49.

[40]      European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy, Online gambling focusing on integrity and a code of conduct for gambling, November 2008, p. 25.

[41]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, p. 49.

[42]      European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy, Online gambling focusing on integrity and a code of conduct for gambling, November 2008, p. 25.

[43]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42 Attachment 1, p. 33.

[44]      Regis Controls Pty Ltd, Submission 35, p. 5.

[45]      World Online Gambling Law Report, Germany: The EU responds to Germany's draft legislation, Vol. 10, Issue 7, July 2011, p. 1, http://www.e-comlaw.com/woglr/print.asp?ID=1647 (accessed 6 September 2011).

[46]      World Online Gambling Law Report, Schleswig-Holstein's draft Bill given go ahead by EU, vol. 10, issue 5, May 2011, p. 1, http://www.e-comlaw.com/woglr/print.asp?ID=1621 (accessed 6 September 2011).

[47]      Tom Victor, Breaking news: Schleswig-Holsteiin passes egaming treaty, 14 September 2011, p. 1 of 1, http://www.egrmagazine.com/news/1694557/breaking-news-schleswigholstein-passes-egaming-treaty-.thtml (accessed 22 September 2011).

[48]      World Online Gambling Law Report, Germany: What kind of future for German gambling regulation, vol. 10, issue 4, April 2011, p. 2.

[49]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Supplementary Submission 31a, p. 3.

[50]      iBus Media Limited, Submission 42, p. 49.

[51]      World Online Gambling Law Report, Germany: What kind of future for German gambling regulation, vol. 10, issue 4, April 2011, http://www.e-comlaw.com/woglr/print.asp?ID=1619 (accessed 6 September 2011).

[52]      World Online Gambling Law Report, Germany: What kind of future for German gambling regulation, vol. 10, issue 4, April 2011, http://www.e-comlaw.com/woglr/print.asp?ID=1619 (accessed 6 September 2011).

[53]      World Online Gambling Law Report, Germany: The EU responds to Germany's draft legislation, Vol. 10, Issue 7, July 2011, http://www.e-comlaw.com/woglr/print.asp?ID=1647 (accessed 6 September 2011).

[54]      World Online Gambling Law Report, Schleswig-Holstein's draft Bill given go ahead by EU, Vol. 10, Issue 5, May 2011, p. 1, http://www.e-comlaw.com/woglr/print.asp?ID=1621 (accessed 6 September 2011).

[55]      Tom Victor, Breaking news: Schleswig-Holsteiin passes egaming treaty, 14 September 2011, p. 1of 1, http://www.egrmagazine.com/news/1694557/breaking-news-schleswigholstein-passes-egaming-treaty-.thtml (accessed 22 September 2011).

[56]      Reuters, Bwin.party, Betfair boosted by new German state law, 14 September 2011, p. 1 of 1, http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/09/14/bwin-betfair-idUSL5E7KE1TY20110914 (accessed 22 September 2011).

[57]      Elissa Harwood, Inside Gaming: Germany's Online Gaming Strides, Caesars' Loveman Gets Political, & More, 21 September 2011, p. 1 of 2, http://www.pokernews.com/news/2011/09/inside-gaming-germany-making-online-gaming-strides-caesars-l-11063.htm (accessed 22 September 2011).

[58]      Tom Victor, Breaking news: Schleswig-Holsteiin passes egaming treaty, 14 September 2011, p. 1 of 1, http://www.egrmagazine.com/news/1694557/breaking-news-schleswigholstein-passes-egaming-treaty-.thtml (accessed 22 September 2011).

[59]      Reuters, Bwin.party, Betfair boosted by new German state law, 14 September 2011, p. 1 of 1, http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/09/14/bwin-betfair-idUSL5E7KE1TY20110914 (accessed 22 September 2011).

[60]      Reuters, Bwin.party, Betfair boosted by new German state law, 14 September 2011, p. 1 of 1, http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/09/14/bwin-betfair-idUSL5E7KE1TY20110914 (accessed 22 September 2011).

[61]      Reuters, Bwin.party, Betfair boosted by new German state law, 14 September 2011, p. 1 of 1, http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/09/14/bwin-betfair-idUSL5E7KE1TY20110914 (accessed 22 September 2011).

[62]      Tom Victor, Breaking news: Schleswig-Holsteiin passes egaming treaty, 14 September 2011, p. 1 of 1, http://www.egrmagazine.com/news/1694557/breaking-news-schleswigholstein-passes-egaming-treaty-.thtml (accessed 22 September 2011).

[63]      Review of current and future trends in interactive gambling activity and regulation, Literature Review, Report to the Australian Government Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, by the Allen Consulting Group, June 2009, p. 38.

[64]      Williams, R.J. & Wood, R.T., Internet Gambling: A Comprehensive Review and Synthesis of the Literature, Report prepared for the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, 2007, p. 38.

[65]      Review of current and future trends in interactive gambling activity and regulation, Literature Review, Report to the Australian Government Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, by the Allen Consulting Group, June 2009, p. 38.

[66]      Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation, Backgrounder: Internet Gaming, 10 August 2011, p. 2 of 4, http://media.olg.ca/?p=nmm_news_detail&i=f1fd53a8-49bc-4442-80ed-4998ee7e318b (accessed 6 September 2011).

[67]      First Nations are defined as Inuit communities recognised by the Canadian Government. First Nations governments are 'entities which can issue gambling licences (including licences for online gambling).' See Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Review of current and future trends in interactive gambling activity and regulation, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2008, p. 39.

[68]      Review of current and future trends in interactive gambling activity and regulation, Literature Review, Report to the Australian Government Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, by the Allen Consulting Group, June 2009, p. 39.

[69]      Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation, 'OLG to launch Internet gaming', Media Release, 10 August 2010.

[70]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 4.

[71]      Review of current and future trends in interactive gambling activity and regulation, Literature Review, Report to the Australian Government Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, by the Allen Consulting Group, June 2009, p. 39.

[72]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, p. 15.32.

[73]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 9.

[74]      Gaming Technologies Association Limited, Submission 19, pp 2–3.

[75]      European Commission, Green Paper on on-line gambling in the Internal Market, March 2011, p. 3.

[76]      Gaming Technologies Association, Submission 19, p. 2.

[77]      European Commission, Green Paper on on-line gambling in the Internal Market, March 2011, p. 3.

[78]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Prof Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 9.

[79]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, p. 15.32.

[80]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynksi, Submission 7, p. 9.

[81]      Mr Richard Windeyer, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 30.

Chapter 6

[1]        Section 51(v) of the Australian Constitution gives the Commonwealth responsibility for 'postal, telegraphic, telephonic, and other like services'.

[2]        Review of current and future trends in interactive gambling activity and regulation, Literature Review, Report to the Australian Government Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, by the Allen Consulting Group, June 2009, p. vi.

[3]        See Senate Select Committee on Information Technologies, Netbets: A review of online gambling in Australia, March 2000, p. 26.

[4]        Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 50.

[5]        Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 18.21.

[6]        Productivity Commission, Australia's Gambling Industries, vol.1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 1999, p. 4.

[7]        Senate Select Committee on Information Technologies, Netbets: A review of online gambling in Australia, March 2000.

[8]        Senate Select Committee on Information Technologies, Netbets: A review of online gambling in Australia, March 2000, p. 77.

[9]        National Office for the Information Economy, Report of the investigation into the feasibility and consequences of banning interactive gambling, 27 March 2001, p. 11.

[10]      National Office for the Information Economy, Report of the investigation into the feasibility and consequences of banning interactive gambling, 27 March 2001, p. 26.

[11]      Senate Environment, Communications, Information Technology and the Arts Legislation Committee, Interactive Gambling (Moratorium) Bill 2000, September 2000.

[12]      National Office for the Information Economy, Report of the investigation into the feasibility and consequences of banning interactive gambling, 27 March 2001, p. 26.

[13]      National Office for the Information Economy, Report of the investigation into the feasibility and consequences of banning interactive gambling, 27 March 2001.

[14]      National Office for the Information Economy, Report of the investigation into the feasibility and consequences of banning interactive gambling, 27 March 2001, p. 6.

[15]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, pp 15.5–15.6.

[16]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.6.

[17]      Report of the Senate Environment, Communications, Information Technology and the Arts Legislation Committee, Interactive Gambling Bill 2001, May 2001.

[18]      Report of the Senate Environment, Communications, Information Technology and the Arts Legislation Committee, Interactive Gambling Bill 2001, May 2001, p. 2. See also Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Part 2, section 15.

[19]      See http://www.dbcde.gov.au/broadband/online_gambling/interactive_gambling_industry_code/frequently_asked_questions (accessed 14 June 2011).

[20]      Clause 15 A. Code is available from: http://www.acma.gov.au/webwr/aba/contentreg/codes/internet/documents/gamblingcode.pdf (accessed 14 July 2011).

[21]      In accordance with the requirements of the Interactive Gambling Industry Code.

[22]      Available from: http://www.acma.gov.au/webwr/aba/contentreg/codes/internet/documents/gamblingcode.pdf (accessed 14 July 2011).

[23]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 11.

[24]      See http://www.dbcde.gov.au/broadband/online_gambling/interactive_gambling_industry_code/frequently_asked_questions (accessed 14 June 2011).

[25]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 9.

[26]      Note: datacasting is the broadcasting of data using radio waves as a means of delivery. For the most part, it refers to supplementary information sent by TV stations to accompany digital TV, e.g. news, weather, traffic but it can also be interactive, e.g. gaming and shopping.

[27]      See http://www.dbcde.gov.au/broadband/online_gambling/interactive_gambling_industry_code/frequently_asked_questions (accessed 14 June 2011). Note: The regulation of gambling advertising at sporting venues is a matter for state and territory governments.

[28]      See http://www.dbcde.gov.au/broadband/online_gambling/interactive_gambling_industry_code/frequently_asked_questions (accessed 14 June 2011).

[29]      Ms Jennifer McNeill, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 31.

[30]      In determining which matters to prioritise, the AFP uses the Case Categorisation and Prioritisation Model (CCPM) to consider major elements of an operation. These include: incident type and the impact of the matter on Australian society; the importance of the matter to both the client and the AFP in terms of the roles assigned to them by Government and Ministerial direction; and the resources required by the AFP to undertake the matter. Information available from: http://www.afp.gov.au/about-the-afp/operational-priorities/how-the-ccpm-is-applied.aspx (accessed 29 June 2011).

[31]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Submission 28a, p. 1. See also COAG Communiqué, 27 May 2011, available from: http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/statements/Pages/jm_comm_gamblingreform_27may2011.aspx (accessed 5 July 2011).

[32]      Information available from: http://www.dbcde.gov.au/broadband/online_gambling/2011_review_of_the_interactive_gambling_act_2001 (accessed 6 July 2011).

[33]      Information available from: http://www.dbcde.gov.au/broadband/online_gambling/2011_review_of_the_interactive_gambling_act_2001 (accessed 25 August 2011).

[34]      Information available from: http://www.dbcde.gov.au/broadband/online_gambling/2011_review_of_the_interactive_gambling_act_2001 (accessed 25 August 2011).

[35]      FaHCSIA, Submission 25, p. 2.

[36]      FaHCSIA, Submission 25, p. 2.

[37]      Betchoice, Submission 43, pp 19–20.

Chapter 7

[1]        Interactive Gambling Bill 2001, Explanatory Memorandum, pp 6–7.

[2]        Interactive Gambling Bill 2001, Explanatory Memorandum, p. 7.

[3]        Information available from: http://www.dbcde.gov.au/broadband/online_gambling/interactive_gambling_act_2001 (accessed 29 June 2011).

[4]        Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011.

[5]        Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Part 2, section 15.

[6]        Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Part 2A, section 15A.

[7]        See Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Part 1, section 9A; See also http://www.dbcde.gov.au/broadband/online_gambling/interactive_gambling_industry_code/frequently_asked_questions#faq21 (accessed 11 July 2011).

[8]        Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.18.

[9]        Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 8.

[10]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 2.

[11]      Betchoice, Submission 43, p. 15.

[12]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 35.

[13]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.19.

[14]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.18.

[15]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.18.

[16]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.18.

[17]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 35.

[18]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 3.

[19]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 3.

[20]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 2. See also Asher Moses, 'FBI, federal police target overseas poker websites that flout law', Sydney Morning Herald, 30 May 2011, p.1; Andrew Tillett, 'Online bets flourish despite a 10-year ban', West Australian, 30 June 2011, p. 4.

[21]      NSW Government, Submission 56, p. 8. See also Tasmanian Government, Submission 26, p. 4.

[22]      NSW Government, Submission 56, p. 8.

[23]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 7.

[24]      Mr Richard Windeyer, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 37.

[25]      As ACMA does not have the jurisdiction to investigate an Australian-hosted URL this is not included in the total of 48 investigations.

[26]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, pp 12–13.

[27]      Ms Elizabeth Press, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 32.

[28]      Ms Elizabeth Press, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 36.

[29]      Ms Jennifer McNeill, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 32.

[30]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 12.

[31]      Mr Richard Windeyer, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 37.

[32]      Australian Federal Police, Submission 49, p. 1.

[33]      Additional information received from AFP, 19 August 2011, available from: http://www.aph.gov.au/Senate/committee/gamblingreform_ctte/interactive_online_gambling_advertising/submissions.htm.

[34]      Australian Federal Police, general summary of evidence provided in-camera, 19 August 2011.

[35]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 3.

[36]      In the US, financial institutions are compelled to identify and block restricted gambling transactions. The prosecutions centre on a scheme to deceive banks about the true nature of transactions to evade the financial transactions controls. See Australian Racing Board, Submission 5, Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, p. 3.

[37]      Asher Moses, 'FBI poker crackdown could hit biggest Australian players', Sydney Morning Herald, 19 April 2011, p. 3; 'Online poker site a 'global Ponzi scheme', Sydney Morning Herald, 21 September 2011.

[38]      Australian Crime Commission, Submission 8, p. 3.

[39]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 12.

[40]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 13.

[41]      Mr Richard Windeyer, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 37.

[42]      Mr Richard Windeyer, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 32.

[43]      See Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, pp 55–59.

[44]      Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Section 16, subsection 1.

[45]      Mr Richard Windeyer, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 33.

[46]      Ms Jennifer McNeill, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 34.

[47]      Ms Jennifer McNeill, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 34. Another example of enforcement difficulties with the IGA is the case of Bet365, a UK-based online bookmaker and gaming operator, which recently applied for an Australian sports betting licence in the Northern Territory. In preparation for this licence application, Bet365 advised its Australian customers in August 2011 that it was shutting down its casino, poker, games and bingo sites, which it had been offering to Australians in breach of the IGA. Media reporting on this licence application drew attention to the lack of enforcement of the IGA. It noted that if Bet365 were to be successful in obtaining a licence to operate in Australia when it had been openly flouting Australian legislation, the effectiveness of the current regulatory framework would need to be questioned. (At the time of printing, it is understood that Bet365's licence application was still being considered). See Patrick Smith, 'Offshore bookies mock betting rules', The Australian, 19 August 2011; CasinoListings, 'Bet365 applies for Australian sportsbetting licence', 18 May 2011, http://www.casinolistings.com/news/2011/05/bet365-applies-for-australian-sportsbetting-licence (accessed 29 November 2011).

[48]      Australian Crime Commission, Submission 8, p. 3.

[49]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 3.

[50]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 5.

[51]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, pp 5–6.

[52]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 8.

[53]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 8.

[54]      Mr Richard Windeyer, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 34.

[55]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 3.

[56]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 3. See also Dr Sally Gainsbury, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 33.

[57]      Dr Sally Gainsbury, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 35.

[58]      COMPPS, Submission 16, p. 4.

[59]      Wesley Mission, Submission 2, p. 5.

[60]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 7.

[61]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, p. 22.

[62]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, p. 22.

[63]      See for example Greyhounds Australasia, Submission 41, p. 11; Harness Racing Australia, Submission 52, p. 7.

[64]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 7.

[65]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, p. 23.

[66]      See for example Greyhounds Australasia, Submission 41, p. 11.

[67]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 15.

[68]      J.G. Phillips and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Gambling and the Impact of New and Emerging Technologies and Associated Products, Final Report, August 2010, p. 11.

[69]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.21.

[70]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.21.

[71]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.22.

[72]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 15.

[73]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 15.

[74]      Wesley Mission, Submission 2, p. 5.

[75]      Gaming Technologies Association, Submission 19, p. 3.

[76]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 4.

[77]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 17.

[78]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 17.

[79]      Dr Ralph Lattimore, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 45. See Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.35.

[80]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, pp 15.34–15.35.

[81]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p 15.35.

[82]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p 15.35.

[83]      Dr Ralph Lattimore, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 44.

[84]      Mr Gary Banks, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, pp 45–46.

[85]      Dr Sally Gainsbury, Response to the Productivity Inquiry Report into Gambling: Online Gaming and the Interactive Gambling Act, Gambling Research, Vol. 22, No. 2, p. 3.

[86]      Dr Sally Gainsbury, Response to the Productivity Inquiry Report into Gambling: Online Gaming and the Interactive Gambling Act, Gambling Research, Vol. 22, No. 2, p. 3.

[87]      iBus Media, Submission 42, p. 3.

[88]      iBus Media, Submission 42, p. 13.

[89]      Mr Bill Barton, Submission 36, p. 5.

[90]      See iBus Media, Submission 42, pp 8 –11.

[91]      Asher Moses, 'FBI, federal police target overseas poker websites that flout law', Sydney Morning Herald, 30 May 2011, p. 1.

[92]      Australian Federal Police, Submission 49, p. 1.

[93]      Mr Richard Windeyer, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 43.

Chapter 8

[1]        Note: the section below covers technologies that also facilitate sports betting and wagering which is not covered by the IGA (except the exclusions outlined in the previous chapter).

[2]        Wesley Mission, Submission 2, p. 8.

[3]        Anne Wright, 'Explosion in smartphone gambling, Apps luring youth punt, Herald Sun, 6 June 2011, p. 13.

[4]        Wesley Mission, Submission 2, p. 2.

[5]        Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 5.

[6]        Social Issues Executive, Anglican Church, Diocese of Sydney, Submission 17, p. 1.

[7]        J.G. Phillips and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Gambling and the Impact of New and Emerging Technologies and Associated Products, Final Report, August 2010, p. 12.

[8]        Clubs Australia, Submission 24, p. 2.

[9]        COMPPS, Submission 16, p. 4.  See also Mr Paul Aalto, Submission 53, p. 1.

[10]      Regis Controls Pty Ltd, Submission 35, p. 7. See also Anglicare Tasmania, Submission 6, p. 3.

[11]      Roger Blitz, 'Paddy Power chalks up 42% rise in web clients', Financial Times, 30 August 2011.

[12]      Regis Controls Pty Ltd, Submission 35, p. 8.

[13]      Leagues Clubs Australia, Submission 40, p. 9.

[14]      Leagues Clubs Australia, Submission 40, p. 9.

[15]      Leagues Clubs Australia, Submission 40, p. 9.

[16]      Leagues Clubs Australia, Submission 40, p. 9.

[17]      Greyhounds Australasia, Submission 41, p. 7.

[18]      Information available from: http://www.proactiveinvestors.com.au/companies/news/19760/interactive-media-and-gambling-group-two-way-in-pre-open-pending-capital-raising-19760.html (accessed 19 September 2011).

[19]      Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 54, p. 23.

[20]      Australian Racing Board Limited, Submission 27, p. 3.

[21]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 10.

[22]      Note: the example provided in this section below relates to an online sports betting provider which is not covered by the IGA (except the exclusions outlined in the previous chapter).

[23]      Betchoice Corporation Pty Ltd, Submission 43, p. 12.

[24]      See chapter 11 for a further discussion of the 90 day period to verify identification.

[25]      Betchoice Corporation Pty Ltd, Submission 43, p. 12.

[26]      NSW Government, NSW Law Reform Commission, Cheating at Gambling, Report 130, August 2011, pp 48–49.

[27]      NSW Government, NSW Law Reform Commission, Cheating at Gambling, Report 130, August 2011, p. 49.

[28]      NSW Government, NSW Law Reform Commission, Cheating at Gambling, Report 130, August 2011, p. 49.

[29]      Regis Controls Pty Ltd, Submission 35, p. 7. Additional information provided by Senator Nick Xenophon drew attention to another example of DoubleDown Casino which offers free casino games but when free chips run out players are required to purchase chips with real money to continue playing. If a player wins and requests their winnings the payment is made in chips. This was referred to ACMA which responded that the content is not prohibited content as defined under the IGA as it is not possible to win 'money or anything else of value' from playing the games. See Senator Nick Xenophon and ACMA, additional information, received 1 December 2011.

[30]      Henrietta Cook, 'Shopping or Gambling', The Canberra Times, 30 August 2011, Information available from: http://www.canberratimes.com.au/news/national/national/general/shopping-or-gambling/2274468.aspx (accessed 30 August 2011).

[31]      Joe Hildebrand, 'online betting aiming at kids', Daily Telegraph, 22 July 2011, p. 5.

[32]      Clubs Australia, Submission 24, p. 5.

[33]      NSW Government, NSW Law Reform Commission, Cheating at Gambling, Report 130, August 2011, p. 49.

[34]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 11.

[35]      Dr Ralph Lattimore and Mr Gary Banks, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 48. Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, pp 8.26–8.27.

[36]      See Transcript of 'Online Gambling', Insight, SBS, 13 September 2011.

[37]      Responsible Gambling Advocacy Centre, Submission 29, p. 13.

[38]      Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 54, pp 6–7.

Chapter 9 - Sports betting and wagering

[1]        Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, p. 1.

[2]        Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, p. 2.

[3]        Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, p. 2.

[4]        Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, pp 2–3.

[5]        P. Binde, 'Selling Dreams – causing nightmares? On gambling advertising and problem gambling', Journal of Gambling Studies, Issue 20, June 2007, pp.178–179.

[6]        P. Binde, 'Selling Dreams – causing nightmares? On gambling advertising and problem gambling', Journal of Gambling Studies, Issue 20, June 2007, pp.179–180.

[7]        Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. K.11.

[8]        Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, p. 8.

[9]        Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, pp 10­–11.

[10]      Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, p. 11.

[11]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 6.

[12]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 6.

[13]      Clubs Australia, Submission 24, p. 2.

[14]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 6.

[15]      Dr Jeffrey Derevensky, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 2.

[16]      Dr Jeffrey Derevensky, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 4.

[17]      Dr Sally Gainsbury, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 41.

[18]      Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 41.

[19]      Information available from: http://www.poker777.com/20110902/online-poker-facebook-allows-advertising.php (accessed 27 September 2011).

[20]      Information available from: http://www.facebook.com/ad_guidelines.php (accessed 27 September 2011).

[21]      Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, p. 12.

[22]      Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, p. 12.

[23]      Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, p. 12.

[24]      Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, pp 12–13.

[25]      Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, pp 12–13.

[26]      Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, p. 13.

[27]      Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, pp 13–14.

[28]      Mr Robert Fitzgerald, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 53.

[29]      Mr Gary Banks, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 53.

[30]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 4.

[31]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 4.

[32]      Except for a commercial broadcast in a news, current affairs or sporting program.

[33]      Free TV Australia, Submission 20, p. 1.

[34]      Free TV Australia, Submission 20, p. 1.

[35]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, additional information received 7 July 2011.

[36]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 4.

[37]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 4.

[38]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 13.

[39]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 13.

[40]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 13.

[41]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 3.

[42]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, pp 7–8.

[43]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 8.

[44]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 7.

[45]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, p. 8.

[46]      Free TV Australia, Submission 20, pp 1–2.

[47]      Secretariat communication with the Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, 7 July 2011.

[48]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 13.

[49]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 13.

[50]      Asher Moses, 'FBI, federal police target overseas poker websites that flout law', Sydney Morning Herald, 30 May 2011, p. 1.

[51]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 13.

[52]      See Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, pp 55–59.

[53]      Leagues Clubs Australia, Submission 40, p. 4.

[54]      Anglicare Tasmania, Submission 6, p. 2.

[55]      Clubs Australia Submission 24, p. 6.

[56]      Mr Christopher Hunt, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p 21–22.

[57]      Anne Wright, 'Explosion in smartphone gambling, Apps luring youth punt, Herald Sun, 6 June 2011, p. 13.

[58]      Responsible Gambling Advocacy Centre, Submission 29, p. 11.

[59]      Responsible Gambling Advocacy Centre, Submission 29, p. 11.

[60]      Responsible Gambling Advocacy Centre, Submission 29, p. 10.

[61]      Clubs Australia, Submission 24, p. 7.

[62]      Clubs Australia, Submission 24, p. 7.

[63]      Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, p. 3.

[64]      Wesley Mission, Submission 2, p. 3.

[65]      Victorian InterChurch Gambling Taskforce, Submission 31, pp 4–5.

[66]      Richard Willingham, 'Betting agency settles over man's $80,000 debt', The Age, 26 July 2011, p. 3.

[67]      Michael McKenna, 'Online poker site shut down in FBI sting has Aussie officer', The Australian, 19 April 2011, p. 5.

[68]      Secretariat communication with the Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, 7 July 2011.

[69]      Ms Elizabeth Press, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 42.

[70]      Ms Elizabeth Press, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 42.

[71]      Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, p. 3.

Chapter 10

[1]        The betting options available to online sports betting customers are numerous. According to Sportsbet.com.au: 'Any day of the week, 24 hours a day, punters can place single bets - head-to-head, pick the score, line and margin bets to name but a few. Given you’re placing bets on the World Wide Web, it makes sense that you can place bets on sports across the world. Yes, you can bet on international sports matches, competitions and tournaments from all parts of the globe.' http://www.sportsbet.com.au/content/articles/online-betting (accessed 21 September 2011).

[2]        John L. McMullan and Delthia Miller (2008). 'All in! The commercial advertising of offshore gambling on television', Journal of Gambling Issues: Issue 22, p. 243, http://jgi.camh.net/doi/pdf/10.4309/jgi.2008.22.6 (accessed 21 September 2011).

[3]        See for example Sophie Scott, 'Internet fuelling problem gambling', ABC News Online, 11 March 2011, http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2011/03/11/3162154.htm  (accessed 21 September 2011).

[4]        Australian Gambling Statistics, 1982–83 to 2007–08, 26th Edition, p. 227.

[5]        Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 26.

[6]        The Productivity Commission also notes that minor forms of wagering exist, such as wagering on the outcome of elections or television shows, but that this is a very small market.  See 'other issues' in chapter eight.

[7]        See Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, p. 9; Sportsbet, Submission 44, p. 4. 'In-play' or 'in the run' betting is offered on racing in some jurisdictions but is more attractive for sporting events lasting longer than a few minutes—see Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, p. 9. 

[8]        Coalition of Major Professional and Participation Sports (COMPPS), Submission 16, p. 2.  

[9]        For example, see the Sportsbet website www.sportsbet.com.au for a list of sports on which bets can be placed.

[10]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 2.37.

[11]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 16.2.

[12]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, p. 8.

[13]      NSW Bookmakers' Co-operative Limited, Submission 11, p. 2.

[14]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 2.37.

[15]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 16.

[16]      NSW Bookmakers' Co-operative Ltd, Submission 11, Attachment 1, p. 2.

[17]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 2.5.

[18]      NSW Bookmakers' Co-operative Ltd, Submission 11, Attachment 1, p. 2.

[19]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 2.38.

[20]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 2.37.

[21]      Australian Gambling Statistics, 1982–83 to 2007–08, 26th Edition, p. 227. Expenditure is defined as 'the net amount lost or, in other words, the amount wagered less the amount won, by people who gamble. Conversely, by definition, it is the gross profit (or gross winnings) due to the operators of each particular form of gambling'.

[22]      Roy Morgan research, 'Australians spent $18.5 billion on gambling in the 12 months to September 2011; Spending on pokies falls to $11.2 billion', Media Release, 24 November 2011, http://www.roymorgan.com/news/press-releases/2011/1489/, (accessed 1 December 2011).

[23]      Danielle Teutsch, 'Perfect storm fear for problem gamblers', Sun Herald, 30 May 2010, p. 21.

[24]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 8.

[25]      IBISWorld, 'Horse, sports betting in Australia: Market Research Report', June 2011, quoted in John Stensholt, 'Gambling on steroids', Australian Financial Review, 1-2 October 2011, p. 45.

[26]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, p. 10.

[27]      Tabcorp, Submission 22, p. 4.

[28]      Neil Wilson and AAP, 'Tabcorp cashes in on online betting', Herald Sun, 12 October 2011.

[29]      Neil Evans, Centrebet, 'Online Gambling', Insight, SBS TV, 13 September 2011, http://www.sbs.com.au/insight/episode/index/id/428/Online-Gambling#transcript (accessed 11 October 2011).

[30]      Sportsbet (Frontier Economics Paper, Appendix 2), Submission 44, pp 39–40.

[31]      Betchoice, Submission 43, p. 11.

[32]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, p. 9.

[33]      NSW Bookmakers' Co-operative Limited, Submission 11, Attachment 1, p. 3.

[34]      Tabcorp, Submission 22, p. 12.

[35]      Tabcorp, Submission 22, pp 4–5.

[36]      NSW Bookmakers' Co-operative Ltd, Submission 11, p. 2.

[37]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, p. 10.

[38]      Sports Alive, an online bookmaker registered the ACT, was originally listed in the PC's report. However, Sports Alive went into liquidation on 25 August 2011 – see Henrietta Cook, 'Sports Alive a long shot to survive two years ago, company papers show', The Canberra Times, 10 September 2011, p. 3.

[39]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 16.6.

[40]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 2.42.

[41]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 2.42.

[42]      Tabcorp, Submission 22; Betchoice, Submission 43.

[43]      Mr Cormac Barry, Chief Executive Officer, Sportsbet, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 1.

[44]      Gaming, Racing and Wagering Conference 2011, Confirmed Speakers, Ms Kerry Willcock, Tabcorp, http://www.beaconevents.com/2011/grwa2011/en/Speaker_Info/speaker_bio.jsp?num=34 (accessed 4 October 2011).

[45]      Tabcorp, Submission 22, p. 14.

[46]      Reid Sexton, 'State in $410m Tabcorp deal', The Age, 20 July 2011.

[47]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 19.

[48]      Tabcorp, Submission 22, p. 6.

[49]      Mr Andrew Twaits, Chief Executive Officer, Betfair, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 21.

[50]      Mr Andrew Twaits, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 21.

[51]      Betfair, Submission 12, pp 3–5.

[52]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, pp F.8–9.

[53]      University of Sydney Gambling Treatment Centre, Submission 9, p. 1.

[54]      University of Sydney Gambling Treatment Centre, Submission 9, p. 3.

[55]      University of Sydney Gambling Treatment Centre, Submission 9, p. 2.

[56]      Mr Christopher Hunt, University of Sydney Gambling Treatment Clinic, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, pp 18–9.

[57]      Tabcorp, Submission 22, p. 7.

[58]      Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, Discussion paper, August 2011, p. 9.

[59]      Mr Richard Windeyer, First Assistant Secretary, DBCDE, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 31.

[60]      Tasmanian Government, Submission 26, p. 4.

[61]      Regulated by the Director of Racing under the Racing Regulation Act 2004.

[62]      Tasmanian Government, Submission 26, p. 4.

[63]      Tasmanian Government, Submission 26, p. 9.

[64]      Tasmanian Government, Submission 26, p. 9. The 'white list' is under review as outlined in chapter four.

[65]      Tasmanian Government, Submission 26, p. 11.

[66]      NSW Government, Submission 56, p. 3.

[67]      NSW Government, Submission 56, p. 4.

[68]      Queensland Government, Department of Justice and Attorney-General, Submission 55, p. 8. See also iBus Media, Submission 42, pp 25–28.

[69]      Queensland Government, Department of Justice and Attorney-General, Submission 55, p. 8.

[70]      Queensland Government, Department of Justice and Attorney-General, Submission 55, p. 10.

[71]      Victorian Commission for Gambling Regulation, correspondence received 20 September 2011.

[72]      ACT Gambling and Racing Commission, correspondence received 22 September 2011.

[73]      Government of South Australia, Office of the Liquor and Gambling Commissioner, correspondence received 15 September 2011.

[74]      Information on the regulation of racing and sports betting is available from: http://www.nt.gov.au/justice/licenreg/sports_betting.shtml (accessed 14 October 2011).

[75]      Northern Territory Racing Commission, Submission 51, p. 2.

[76]      Tabcorp, Submission 22, pp 5–6.

[77]      Tabcorp, Submission 22, p. 6.

[78]      Social and Economic Impact Study into Gambling in Tasmania, Volume 1, Report to the Department of Treasury and Finance Tasmania by the South Australian Centre for Economic Studies, June 2008, p. 74.

[79]      Northern Territory Racing Commission, Submission 51, p. 5.

[80]      Northern Territory Racing Commission, Submission 51, p. 2.

Chapter 11 - Key issues in wagering and sports betting

[1]        Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 54, p. 11.

[2]        Tabcorp, Submission 22, p. 7.

[3]        Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, p. 23.

[4]        Greyhounds Australasia, Submission 41, p. 8.

[5]        Greyhounds Australasia, Submission 41, pp 10–11.

[6]        Harness Racing Australia, Submission 52, p. 6.

[7]        Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, pp 23–24. 

[8]        Nicholas Tzaferis, General Manager of Corporate Affairs, Tabcorp, quoted in Roy Masters, 'Odds shortening on net betting shake-up', Sydney Morning Herald, 26 October 2011.

[9]        Betfair, Submission 12, p. 11.

[10]      Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 54, p. 4.

[11]      Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 54, p. 24.

[12]      Betchoice, Submission 43, pp 14–15.

[13]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 13.

[14]      Mr Paul Aalto, Submission 53, p. 1.

[15]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 11.

[16]      Betfair, Submission 12, pp 11–12.

[17]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, p. 9.

[18]      Sportsbet, Submission 44, p. 24.

[19]      See Sportsbet, Submission 44, p. 27. For example, William Hill, Ladbrokes, Bluesquare, Skybet, Sportsbook, 188Bet, Victor Chandler.

[20]      Sportsbet, Submission 44, p. 27.

[21]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 12.  See UK Gambling Commission, 'In running (in play) betting: position paper, May 2009,  http://www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk/pdf/In-running%20betting%20position%20paper%20-%20March%202009.pdf (accessed 4 October 2011).

[22]      Betfair, Submission 3 to the Inquiry into the Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, p. 5.

[23]      Mr Des Gleeson, Review of Sports Betting Regulation, 31 March 2011, pp 22–23.

[24]      Mr Malcolm Speed, Executive Director, COMPPS, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 15.

[25]      FamilyVoice Australia, Submission 11, Inquiry into the Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, p. 3.

[26]      Regis Controls, Submission 35, p. 4.

[27]      Dr Jeffrey Derevensky, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, pp 2–3.

[28]      Regis Controls, Submission 35, p. 8.

[29]      Mr Cormac Barry, Sportsbet, and Senator Nick Xenophon, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 4.

[30]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 6.

[31]      Mr Cormac Barry and Senator Xenophon, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, pp 4–5.

[32]      Mr Cormac Barry, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 9.

[33]      Department of Communications, Information Technology and the Arts, Review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, 2004, p. 34, quoted in Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 54, pp 15–6.

[34]      Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 54, p. 15.

[35]      UK Gambling Commission, Licence Conditions and Codes of Practice, Consolidated version, March 2011, http://www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk/pdf/Licence%20conditions%20and%20codes%20of%20practice%20-%20consolidated%20March%202011.pdf (accessed 12 October 2011).

[36]      Exchange between Senator Xenophon and Mr Cormac Barry, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 4.

[37]      It is not clear to the committee whether betting agencies are complying with Commonwealth legislation such as the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter Terrorist Financing Act 2006 or state and territory legislative requirements (see Mr Cormac Barry, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 3: 'We are required by Darwin for a customer to verify their identification within 90 days, and a customer cannot make a withdrawal until that verification has taken place'.). Whatever the legislation, there is nothing to stop companies from undertaking to conduct identity checks in a significantly shorter timeframe such as 72 hours.

[38]      Betfair, Submission 12, pp 19–20.

[39]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 4.

[40]      Betchoice, Submission 43, p. 18.

[41]      Mr Steven Ciobo MP and Mr Andrew Twaits, Betfair, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 33.

[42]      COMPPS, Submission 16, p. 6.

[43]      Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 54, p. 32.

[44]      Tasmanian Department of Treasury and Finance, Submission 8 to the Inquiry into the Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, p. 3.

[45]      UK Gambling Commission, Submission 33, p. 7.

[46]      Mr Paul Aalto, Submission 53, pp 2–3.

[47]      NSW Bookmakers' Co-operative Ltd, Submission 11, p. 5. This view was shared by the Australian Bookmakers' Association, Submission 18, p. 9.

[48]      Australian Athletes Alliance, Submission 48, p. 3.

[49]      Regis Controls, Submission 35, p. 4.

[50]      Harness Racing Australia, Submission 52, p. 5.

[51]      Tabcorp, Submission 22, p. 12.

[52]      Tabcorp, Submission 22, p. 13.

[53]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 16.

[54]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, pp 12–13.

[55]      NSW Bookmakers' Co-operative Ltd, Submission 11, p. 3.

[56]      NSW Bookmakers' Co-operative Ltd, Submission 11, p. 4.

[57]      Tabcorp, Submission 22, pp 4–5.

[58]      Australian Bookmakers' Association, Submission 18, p. 2.

[59]      Australian Bookmakers' Association, Submission 18, p. 2.

[60]      Tabcorp, Submission 22, p. 12.

[61]      NSW Bookmakers' Co-operative Ltd, Submission 11, p. 4.

[62]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 14.

[63]      Betchoice, Submission 43, p. 20.

[64]      NSW Bookmakers' Co-operative Ltd, Submission 11, Attachment 1, p. 4.

[65]      Australian Bookmakers' Association, Submission 18, p. 6.

[66]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 15.

[67]      Betchoice, Submission 43, pp 20–21.

[68]      Jamie Nettleton, Addisons Commercial Lawyers, 'NSW Race Fields Legislation – Constitutional Challenge by Betfair and Sportsbet – Round 2', 17 November 2010, http://www.addisonslawyers.com.au/documents/doc-147-nsw-race.pdf; Nabila Ahmed, 'Tabcorp's stake in Betfair challenge', The Australian, 5 August 2011. 

[69]      Australasian Racing Ministers' Conference, Communique, 23 September 2011, http://www.mediastatements.wa.gov.au/Pages/default.aspx?ItemId=144578& (accessed 4 October 2011).

[70]      Mathew Dunckley, 'Shorten cracks whip on national racing rules', Australian Financial Review, 21 July 2011.

[71]      Michael Bachelard, 'Betting agency misled, say staff', The Age, 4 September 2011.

[72]      Henrietta Cook, 'Sports Alive a long shot to survive two years ago, company papers show', The Canberra Times, 10 September 2011; Noel Towell, 'Fraud squad will probe collapse of Sports Alive', The Canberra Times, 19 November 2011. See also Nick Clark, 'TOTE's $5m losing bet', Hobart Mercury, 10 November 2011, which reports that the Tasmanian Government (through TOTE Tasmania) had invested $5 million in Sports Alive to give TOTE a 25 per cent stake in Sports Alive's parent company Bet Worldwide Pty Ltd in December 2009.  A recent media article reported that another online bookmaker, Betezy (registered in the Northern Territory), has alleged financial problems. The Australian Taxation Office has filed a lawsuit claiming that Betezy owes $160,000 in tax and should be wound up as it is insolvent. See Ben Butler, 'Taxes and Tinkler trip up Betezy', The Age, 16 November 2011.

[73]      Richard Baker and Nick McKenzie, 'Gambling "scam" websites targeting Victorians', The Saturday Age, 22 October 2011.

[74]      ACCC, 'Sports 'investment' scams', Fact Sheet, http://www.accc.gov.au/content/item.phtml?itemId=878568&nodeId=571b137e58039f712f74468418602adc&fn=Sports%20investment%20scams.pdf (accessed 24 October 2011).

[75]      ACCC, 'Horse betting software promoter stops advertising', http://www.accc.gov.au/content/index.phtml/itemId/940129 (accessed 24 October 2011).

[76]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 16.55.

[77]      NSW Bookmakers' Co-operative Ltd, Submission 11, pp 5–6. See also Australian Bookmakers' Association, Submission 18, pp 10–11.

[78]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 6.

[79]      Tabcorp, Submission 22, p. 10.

[80]      Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 54, p. 27.

[81]      Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 54, p. 28.

[82]      Senator Xenophon declared his interest in the case, as he had been acting pro bono for the man in question. See Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 3.

[83]      Richard Willingham, 'Betting agency settles over man's $80,000 debt', The Age, 26 July 2011.

[84]      Senator Xenophon, Mr Cormac Barry and Mr Ben Sleep, Sportsbet, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 6.

[85]      Senator Xenophon and Mr Cormac Barry, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 3.

[86]      Correspondence received from the NSW Office of Liquor, Gaming and Racing, 5 October 2011; Western Australian Department of Racing, Gaming and Liquor, 30 September 2011; Victorian Commission on Gambling Regulation, 20 September 2011; the Queensland Office of Liquor and Gaming Regulation, 16 September 2011; South Australia's Independent Gambling Authority, 8 September 2011; the South Australian Office of the Liquor and Gaming Commissioner, 14 September 2011; Tasmanian Gaming Commission, 16 September 2011; and ACT Gambling and Racing Commission, 21 September 2011.

[87]      Senator Xenophon and Mr Cormac Barry, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 3.

[88]      Comlaw, 'Credit Provider Determination 2011-2 (Classes of credit providers), http://www.comlaw.gov.au/Details/F2011L01648 (accessed 21 September 2011) and  Australian Government, Companion Guide, 'Privacy Reforms: Credit Reporting', p. 7, http://www.aph.gov.au/Senate/committee/fapa_ctte/priv_exp_drafts/guide/credit_guide.pdf (accessed 21 September 2011). 

[89]      Richard Willingham, 'Betting agency settles over man's $80,000 debt', The Age, 26 July 2011.

[90]      Senator Xenophon and Mr Barry, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 5.

[91]      Senator Xenophon, Mr Barry and Mr Ben Sleep, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 5.

[92]      Senator Xenophon and Mr Mick Rolfe, Vice Chairman, Australian Bookmakers' Association, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 12.

[93]      Mr Andrew Twaits, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, pp 24–5. 

[94]      Sportsbet, answers to questions taken on notice at the 11 August 2011 hearing, received 6 October 2011.

[95]      Information available from http://www.sportsbet.com.au/help/betting/rules#GeneralRules (accessed 17 October 2011).

[96]      Correspondence received from the NSW Office of Liquor, Gaming and Racing, 5 October 2011; Victorian Commission on Gambling Regulation, 20 September 2011; the Queensland Office of Liquor and Gaming Regulation, 16 September 2011; South Australia's Independent Gambling Authority, 8 September 2011; the South Australian Office of the Liquor and Gaming Commissioner, 14 September 2011; and Tasmanian Gaming Commission, 16 September 2011; ACT Gambling and Racing Commission, 21 September 2011; Western Australian Department of Racing, Gaming and Liquor, received 30 September 2011.

[97]      News.com.au, 'Deal of the day: Fix coupon sites or we'll fix them for you', http://m.news.com.au/TopStories/fi893720.htm (accessed 18 October 2011).

[98]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 3.20.

[99]      The COAG Legislative and Governance Forum on Consumer Affairs, formerly the Ministerial Council on Consumer Affairs, comprises Commonwealth, state, territory and New Zealand ministers responsible for consumer protection and fair trading. Its role is to 'provide the best and most consistent protection for Australian and New Zealand consumers through its consideration of consumer affairs and fair trading issues of national significance and, where possible, development of consistent approaches to those issues.' See http://www.consumerlaw.gov.au/content/mcca/mcca_meetings/downloads/Meeting_25_3_June_11.pdf (accessed 17 October 2011).

[100]    Section 113, National Consumer Credit Protection Act 2009, http://www.comlaw.gov.au/Details/C2010C00182 (accessed 17 October 2011).

[101]    Paul Kent, 'Tighter laws on way to fix rorts', Courier Mail, 7 October 2011, p. 114.

Chapter 12 - Sports betting advertising

[1]        Sportsbet, for example, expects to spend $30 million this year on marketing alone; Brendan King, 'Online sports betting', Breakfast, ABC Radio National, 25 November 2011.

[2]        Clubs Australia, Submission 24, p. 8. 

[3]        Australian Christian Lobby, Submission 21, p. 3.

[4]        Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, p. 5.

[5]        Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, p. 5.

[6]        Clubs Australia, Submission 24, p. 8, citing Monaghan, S, Derevensky, J & Sklar, A (2008). Impact of gambling advertisements and marketing on children and adolescents: Policy recommendations to minimise harm. Journal of Gambling Issues: Issue 22, December 2008.

[7]        Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Alex Blaszczynski , Submission 7, Attachment A, p. 34.

[8]        'Building the Centrebet brand via sport', presentation to the Gaming, Racing and Wagering Conference 2011, Sydney, 23 August 2011, http://www.beaconevents.com/2011/grwa2011/en/DLPaper/index.html (accessed 4 October 2011).

[9]        Ms Heather Coyne, Submission 57, p. 1.

[10]      Betfair, Media Release, 'High Court upholds Betfair's claim', 27 March 2008, http://www.betfaircorporate.com.au/media/PR%20High%20Court%20upholds%20Betfair's%20claim_270308.pdf (accessed 4 October 2011).

[11]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 20.

[12]      FamilyVoice Australia, Submission 4, p. 2.

[13]      Leagues Clubs Australia, Submission 40, p. 8.

[14]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, pp 16.58–16.59.

[15]      NSW Bookmakers' Co-operative Ltd, Submission 11, Attachment 1, p. 5; Australian Bookmakers' Association, Submission 18, p. 8; Greyhounds Australasia, Submission 41, p. 8.

[16]      Betchoice, Submission 43, p. 15.

[17]      Betchoice, Submission 43, p. 15.

[18]      Sportsbet, Submission 44, Attachment A, p. 41.

[19]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 11.

[20]      Senator Nick Xenophon and Mr Andrew Twaits, Betfair, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 27.

[21]      Senator Catryna Bilyk, Mr Andrew Twaits and Mr Josh Blanksby, Betfair, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 27.

[22]      Senator Bilyk, Mr Josh Blanksby and Mr Andrew Twaits, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, pp 27–28.

[23]      Social Issues Executive, Anglican Diocese of Sydney, Submission 17, p. 3.

[24]      Mr Christopher Hunt, University of Sydney Gambling Treatment Clinic, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, pp 21–22.

[25]      Queensland Government, Submission 55, p. 15.

[26]      Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 54, p. 28.

[27]      Correspondence from the Victorian Commission on Gambling Regulation, 20 September 2011.

[28]      Correspondence from the New South Wales Office of Liquor, Gaming and Racing, received 5 October 2011.

[29]      Correspondence from South Australia's Independent Gambling Authority, 8 September 2011; and South Australian Office of the Liquor and Gaming Commissioner, 14 September 2011.

[30]      Correspondence from the Queensland Office of Liquor and Gaming Regulation, 16 September 2011; Tasmanian Gaming Commission, 16 September 2011; Western Australian Department of Racing, Gaming and Liquor, 30 September 2011; and ACT Gambling and Racing Commission, 21 September 2011.

[31]      UK Gambling Commission, Submission 33, p. 6.

[32]      Clubs Australia, Submission 24, p. 7.

[33]      Ashley Gardiner, 'Betting operators accused of offering free bets, a refund on losing wagers', Herald Sun, 10 October 2011.  The operators are: IASbet.com, Sportsbet, Betezy and Betfair.

[34]      Richard Willingham, 'Betting agency settles over man's $80,000 debt', The Age, 26 July 2011.

[35]      It should be noted that some sponsorship deals with gambling companies are entered into with broadcasters of sporting events, not with sporting clubs, so the sports themselves may not have influence over these arrangements during the broadcast of their events.

[36]      Samantha Lane, 'AFL in a bind over advertising explosion', Sydney Morning Herald, 8 April 2011.

[37]      See http://www.collingwoodfc.com.au/tab%20sportsbet/tabid/14380/default.aspx (accessed 17 October 2011).

[38]      Samantha Lane, 'AFL in a bind over advertising explosion', Sydney Morning Herald, 8 April 2011.

[39]      Australian Christian Lobby, Submission 21, p. 3.

[40]      Leagues Club Australia, Submission 40, p. 8.

[41]      Ben Butler, 'Footy clubs cashing in big on gambling deals', Herald Sun, 23 December 2009.

[42]      Jason Dowling, 'Sit with the Pies' coach? You bet', The Age, 2 June 2011.

[43]      See http://www.crowsbet.com.au/Home/Default.aspx; http://deesbet.com.au/home/default.aspx; http://bombersbet.com.au/Home/Default.aspx (accessed 17 October 2011).

[44]      David Scharwz, 'Online Gambling', Insight, SBS TV, 13 September 2011, http://www.sbs.com.au/insight/episode/index/id/428/Online-Gambling#transcript (accessed 11 October 2011).

[45]      Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, pp 4–5.

[46]      Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, p. 5.

[47]      Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, pp 4–5.

[48]      David Sygall, 'Beware of tainted money', Sydney Morning Herald, 12 June 2011.

[49]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 8. 

[50]      Dr Sally Gainsbury and Professor Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 8. 

[51]      Ms Penny Wilson, Responsible Gambling Advocacy Centre, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 36.

[52]      Thomas, S.L. Lewis, S. McLeod, C. Haycock, J. (2011) ‘They are working every angle’. A qualitative study of Australian adults’ attitudes towards, and interactions with, gambling industry marketing strategies. International Gambling Studies. 1–17, iFirst article.

[53]      Thomas, S.L. Lewis, S. McLeod, C. Haycock, J. (2011) ‘They are working every angle’. A qualitative study of Australian adults’ attitudes towards, and interactions with, gambling industry marketing strategies. International Gambling Studies. 1–17, iFirst article, pp 10–11.

[54]      Thomas, S.L. Lewis, S. McLeod, C. Haycock, J. (2011) ‘They are working every angle’. A qualitative study of Australian adults’ attitudes towards, and interactions with, gambling industry marketing strategies. International Gambling Studies. 1–17, iFirst article, p. 11.

[55]      See chapters two and nine and earlier in this chapter. See also Thomas, S.L. Lewis, S. McLeod, C. Haycock, J. (2011) ‘They are working every angle’. A qualitative study of Australian adults’ attitudes towards, and interactions with, gambling industry marketing strategies. International Gambling Studies. 1–17, iFirst article, p.12, 14.

[56]      See comments from Alan Eskander, 'Online Gambling', Insight, SBS TV, 13 September 2011, http://www.sbs.com.au/insight/episode/index/id/428/Online-Gambling#transcript (accessed 17 October 2011).

[57]      Dr Samantha Thomas, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, p. 9.

[58]      Dr Samantha Thomas, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, p. 8.

[59]      Dr Samantha Thomas, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, p. 2.

[60]      Dr Samantha Thomas, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, pp 8–9.

[61]      Dr Samantha Thomas, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, p. 2.

[62]      Dr Samantha Thomas, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, p. 2. See also See also Thomas, S.L. Lewis, S. McLeod, C. Haycock, J. (2011) ‘They are working every angle’. A qualitative study of Australian adults’ attitudes towards, and interactions with, gambling industry marketing strategies. International Gambling Studies. 1–17, iFirst article, p. 10.

[63]      Dr Samantha Thomas, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, pp 2–3.

[64]      Associate Professor Colin McLeod, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, p. 3.

[65]      Dr Samantha Thomas, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, p. 2.

[66]      Dr Samantha Thomas, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, p. 8.

[67]      Information available from: http://www.cyenne.com/discussion/sneaky-bastards-file-betstar/ (accessed 2 November 2011). Under section 4.7.10 of the Victorian Gambling Regulation Act 2003, it is an offence for a wagering service provider to offer any credit, voucher or reward as an inducement to open a betting account. In South Australia, the relevant responsible gambling codes of practice prohibit the TAB, bookmakers and authorised interstate betting operators to offer an inducement (see discussion earlier in the chapter on inducements to bet).

[68]      Information available from: https://www.betstar.com.au/betstar-terms-and-conditions/free_bet_bonuses.html (accessed 2 November 2011)

[69]      Information available from: http://info.luxbet.com/bonus_bet_rules.pdf (accessed 2 November 2011).

[70]      Name withheld, Submission 60.

[71]      Research undertaken with PhD student Shenae Beus.

[72]      Dr Samantha Thomas, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, p. 5. The three companies were Centrebet, Sportsbet and Tom Waterhouse.

[73]      Dr Samantha Thomas, Associate Professor Colin McLeod, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, pp 5–6.

[74]      Dr Samantha Thomas, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, p. 6.

[75]      Miles Kemp, 'Commentators may be told to tone down TV betting plugs', The Advertiser, 9 November 2011.

[76]      Dr Samantha Thomas, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, p. 4.

[77]      Dr Samantha Thomas, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, pp 3–4. See also Thomas, S.L. Lewis, S. McLeod, C. Haycock, J. (2011) ‘They are working every angle’. A qualitative study of Australian adults’ attitudes towards, and interactions with, gambling industry marketing strategies. International Gambling Studies. 1–17, iFirst article, p. 2, 9.

[78]      University of Sydney Gambling Treatment Clinic, Submission 9, p. 3.

[79]      University of Sydney Gambling Treatment Clinic, Submission 9, pp 3–4.

[80]      Mr Christopher Hunt, University of Sydney Gambling Treatment Clinic, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 17.

[81]      Dr Gainsbury and Professor Blaszczynski, Submission 7, p. 9.

[82]      Dr Jeffrey Derevensky, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 7.

[83]      Crossman Communications, 'Australians say no to marketing by sports betting agencies', Media Release, 28 July 2011, http://crossmancommunications.com.au/?p=772 (accessed 24 October 2011).

[84]      Crossman Communications, 'Australians say no to marketing by sports betting agencies', Media Release, 28 July 2011, http://crossmancommunications.com.au/?p=772 (accessed 24 October 2011).

[85]      Crossman Communications, 'Australians say no to marketing by sports betting agencies', Media Release, http://crossmancommunications.com.au/?p=772 (accessed 24 October 2011).

[86]      Russel Dennison, 'Online Gambling', Insight, SBS TV, 13 September 2011, http://www.sbs.com.au/insight/episode/index/id/428/Online-Gambling#transcript (accessed 11 October 2011).

[87]      The Hon Jenny Macklin MP, Media Release, 'Tackling problem gambling in Australia', 27 May 2011, http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/mediareleases/2011/Pages/jm_m_prob_gambling_27may2011.aspx (accessed 14 June 2011).

[88]      COAG Select Council on Gambling Reform, Communique, 27 May 2011, http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/statements/Pages/jm_comm_gamblingreform_27may2011.aspx (accessed 14 June 2011).

[89]      The Hon Jenny Macklin MP, Media Release, 'Tackling problem gambling in Australia', 27 May 2011, http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/mediareleases/2011/Pages/jm_m_prob_gambling_27may2011.aspx (accessed 14 June 2011).

[90]      NSW Government, Submission 56, p. 5.

[91]      See Sportsbet, Submission 44, p. 33; Betfair, Submission 12, p. 22.

[92]      Editorial, The Age, 25 August 2011.

[93]      AIBA, Submission 54, p. 35.  

[94]      Dr Samantha Thomas, Associate Professor Colin McLeod, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, pp 6–7.

[95]      Michael Edwards, 'No dice on live odds', ABC AM, 28 May 2011, http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2011/s3229566.htm (accessed 30 May 2011); ABC News Online, 'Industry questions live odds ban benefits', 28 May 2011, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-05-28/industry-questions-live-odds-ban-benefits/2735180 (accessed 30 May 2011); Malcolm Farr, 'Live broadcasts of betting odds to be phased out by June, Stephen Conroy says', Courier Mail, 27 May 2011.

[96]      Malcolm Farr, 'Live broadcasts of betting odds to be phased out by June, Stephen Conroy says', Courier Mail, 27 May 2011.

[97]      Dr Gainsbury and Professor Blaszczynski, Submission 7, pp 8–9.

[98]      University of Sydney Gambling Treatment Clinic, Submission 9, p. 4.

[99]      Australian Christian Lobby, Submission 21, pp 3–4.

[100]    Dr John McMullan, Submission 32, pp 11–12.

[101]    Crossman Communications, 'Australians say no to marketing by sports betting agencies', Media Release, http://crossmancommunications.com.au/?p=772 (accessed 24 October 2011).

[102]    Betchoice, Submission 43, p. 19.

[103]    AIBA, Submission 54, p. 35.

[104]    Sportingbet Betblog, 'Sportingbet announces record Broncos sponsorship deal', 16 February 2011, http://www.sportingbet.com.au/betblog/index.php/sportingbet-announces-record-broncos-sponsorship-deal/ (accessed 28 September 2011).

[105]    'Building the Centrebet brand via sport', presentation to the Gaming, Racing and Wagering Conference 2011, Sydney, 23 August 2011, http://www.beaconevents.com/2011/grwa2011/en/DLPaper/index.html (accessed 4 October 2011).

[106]    Senator Xenophon and Dr Jeffrey Derevensky, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 2.

[107]    Russel Dennison, Centrebet, 'Online Gambling', Insight, SBS TV, 13 September 2011, http://www.sbs.com.au/insight/episode/index/id/428/Online-Gambling#transcript (accessed 11 October 2011).

[108]    Dr Samantha Thomas, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, p. 8.

[109]    AIBA, Submission 54, p. 35.  See also Sportsbet, Submission 44, p. 5.

[110]    For a list of regulations that cover gambling advertising across states and territories, see Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. K.5.

[111]    NSW Government, Submission 56, p. 4.

[112]    Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. K.16.

[113]    Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, pp 8.28–9.

[114]    Tabcorp, Submission 22, p. 9.

[115]    Sportsbet, Submission 44, pp 31–2.

[116]    See Queensland Government, Submission 55, p. 15: 'At a meeting of the National Wagering Advertising Working Party in December 2010, participants raised that the definition of ‘inducement’ could be open to interpretation and suggested a nationally consistent definition be adopted.'

[117]    Australasian Racing Ministers' Communique, 23 September 2011, http://www.mediastatements.wa.gov.au/Pages/default.aspx?ItemId=144578& (accessed 4 October 2011).

[118]    Tabcorp, Submission 22, pp 9–10.

[119]    Tabcorp, Submission 22, pp 2–3.

[120]    Betfair, Submission 12, pp 11–12.

[121]    Rod Nicholson and Karen Collier, 'Court opens door to online betting in supermarkets, pubs and petrol stations', Herald Sun, 27 August 2011; Fiona Henderson, 'Eureka Hotel in court betting win', The Courier, 1 September 2011.

Chapter 13 - Match-fixing and corruption in sport

[1]        NSW Sports Minister, the Hon Graham Annesley MP, quoted in Paul Kent, 'Tighter laws on way to fix rorts', Courier Mail, 7 October 2011, p. 114.

[2]        Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Office for Sport, Submission 45, Attachment A, p. 3.

[3]        Mr Malcolm Speed, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 14.

[4]        Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Office for Sport, Submission 45, Attachment A, p. 3.

[5]        Rules against players and officials betting on matches in their own sport are contained in sports' codes of conduct. See Codes of Conduct, additional information from COMPPS, 11 August 2011.

[6]        Patrick Smith, 'National approach to eliminating sport graft not before time', The Australian, 9 June 2011.

[7]        Georgina Robinson, 'Tandy owed his mother and manager money, court hears', Sydney Morning Herald, 5 September 2011; AAP, 'Tandy says unaware of betting plunge', Sydney Morning Herald, 30 September 2011.

[8]        Greg Prichard and Chris Barrett, 'Ryan Tandy found guilty', Sydney Morning Herald, 6 October 2011.

[9]        Courtney Walsh, 'Dean Wallis banned for 14 weeks and fined $7500 for three multi-bets', The Australian, 9 September 2011.

[10]      Adam Hamilton and Mark Stevens, 'AFL likely to investigate a betting plunge on Nathan Bock's first goal', Herald Sun, 5 September 2011.

[11]      Phil Lutton, 'Footballers gambling? You can bet on it', Brisbane Times, 28 July 2011.

[12]      Patrick Smith, 'National approach to eliminating sport graft not before time', The Australian, 9 June 2011.

[13]      In October 2011, a Pakistani sports agent made allegations of Australian cricketers being involved in match-fixing during 'brackets' (set periods of a match). However, these claims are unproven, with Cricket Australia calling the accusations 'outlandish'. ABC News Online, 'Cricket Australia rubbishes fixing claims', 11 October 2011, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-10-11/cricket-australia-rubbishes-fixing claims/3497068/?site=sport&section=all?site=sport&section=cricket (accessed 11 October 2011).

[14]      Caro Meldrum-Hanna, 'Harness racing under scrutiny', ABC TV, 7.30, 23 August 2011. By November 2011, a total of five men with links to the NSW harness racing industry had been arrested and charged, with police alleging trainers had been bribing stewards to tip them off about drug tests. See ABC News, 'Two more arrests over harness racing fraud', 25 November 2011, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-11-25/five-men-charged-over-harness-racing-fraud/3695234 (accessed 28 November 2011); Chris Roots, 'A chance for rebirth after years of hard questions', Sydney Morning Herald, 27 November 2011.

[15]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, p. 13.

[16]      Tim Habel and Adam Hamilton, 'Greyhound Racing Victoria employees sacked for placing bets', Herald Sun, 8 August 2011.

[17]      AP, 'Serbian tennis player David Savic, banned for life, denies match-fixing', The Washington Post, 5 October 2011.

[18]      NSW Law Reform Commission, Cheating at gambling, Report 130, August 2011, pp 2–3. See also Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, p. 14.

[19]      Press Association, 'Salman Butt handed 10 year ban after ICC spot fixing inquiry', The Guardian, 5 February 2011; Rachael Brown, 'Former Pakistan players guilty of match fixing', ABC AM, 2 November 2011; Paul Kelso, 'Salman Butt, Mohammad Amir, Mohammad Asif and Mazhar Majeed all imprisoned for spot-fixing', The Telegraph, 3 November 2011, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/cricket/international/pakistan/8866718/Salman-Butt-Mohammad-Amir-Mohammad-Asif-and-Mazhar-Majeed-all-imprisoned-for-spot-fixing.html (accessed 4 November 2011).

[20]      Dr Declan Hill, Submission 1, p. 1.

[21]      Dr Declan Hill, Submission 1, p. 2.

[22]      Dr Declan Hill, Submission 1, pp 3–4.

[23]      Dr Declan Hill, The Fix: Soccer and Organized Crime, McClelland & Stewart Ltd, Toronto, 2008, pp 60–61.

[24]      Dr Declan Hill, The Fix: Soccer and Organized Crime, McClelland & Stewart Ltd, Toronto, 2008, p. 44.

[25]      Dr Declan Hill, The Fix: Soccer and Organized Crime, McClelland & Stewart Ltd, Toronto, 2008, pp 176–177.

[26]      Dr Declan Hill, The Fix: Soccer and Organized Crime, McClelland & Stewart Ltd, Toronto, 2008, pp 176–177.

[27]      Roy Masters, 'Here's a tip: be sure the money's clean', Sydney Morning Herald, 22 June 2011.

[28]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Office for Sport, Submission 45, Attachment A, p. 4.

[29]      NSW Law Reform Commission, Cheating at gambling, Report 130, August 2011, p. 5.

[30]      FIFA, Media Release, 'FIFA's historic contribution to INTERPOL in fight against match fixing, 9 May 2011, and FIFA, Media Release, 'FIFA extends early warning system for monitoring sports betting', 16 August 2007.

[31]      SportAccord, Media Release, 'SportAccord, World and European Lotteries launch Sports Betting Integrity Education Programme', 8 April 2011.

[32]      Sport and Recreation Alliance, Compliance Alert, UK Bribery Act, June 2011, http://www.sportandrecreation.org.uk/sites/default/files/web/documents/pdf/Compliance%20Alert.UK%20Bribery%20Act.FINAL_.pdf (accessed 21 September 2011).  See also Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, p. 15.

[33]      Roy Masters, 'Here's a tip: be sure the money's clean', Sydney Morning Herald, 22 June 2011.

[34]      Senator the Hon Mark Arbib, 'Ministers take united stand against match-fixing', 10 June 2011, http://www.ausport.gov.au/news/releases/story_436753_ministers_take_united_stand_against_match-fixing, (accessed 15 June 2011).

[35]      Senator the Hon Mark Arbib, 'Ministers take united stand against match-fixing', 10 June 2011, http://www.ausport.gov.au/news/releases/story_436753_ministers_take_united_stand_against_match-fixing, (accessed 15 June 2011).

[36]      Senator the Hon Mark Arbib, 'Ministers take united stand against match-fixing', 10 June 2011, http://www.ausport.gov.au/news/releases/story_436753_ministers_take_united_stand_against_match-fixing, (accessed 15 June 2011).

[37]      Senator the Hon Mark Arbib, 'Ministers take united stand against match-fixing', 10 June 2011, http://www.ausport.gov.au/news/releases/story_436753_ministers_take_united_stand_against_match-fixing, (accessed 15 June 2011).

[38]      Sport and Recreation Ministers' Meeting Communique, Melbourne, 30 September 2011, http://www.ausport.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/455053/110930_SPORT_AND_RECREATION_MINISTERS_COMMUNIQUE.pdf (accessed 4 October 2011).

[39]      Senator the Hon Mark Arbib, 'Agreement by Attorneys next step in fight against match fixing', 22 July 2011, http://www.dpmc.gov.au/sport/minister/media_releases/mr_20110722.cfm (accessed 25 July 2011).

[40]      Senator the Hon Mark Arbib, Minister for Sport, Senate Hansard, 14 June 2011, p. 27.

[41]      Senator the Hon Mark Arbib, 'Ministers take united stand against match-fixing', 10 June 2011, http://www.ausport.gov.au/news/releases/story_436753_ministers_take_united_stand_against_match-fixing, (accessed 15 June 2011).

[42]      Patrick Smith, 'An alliance of unlikely bedfellows ensures cheating in sport becomes a criminal offence', The Australian, 11 June 2011.

[43]      The International Olympic Committee Working Group on the Fight Against Irregular and Illegal Betting on Sport; see Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Office for Sport, Submission 45, p. 2.

[44]      Senator the Hon Mark Arbib, 'Ministers take united stand against match-fixing', 10 June 2011, http://www.ausport.gov.au/news/releases/story_436753_ministers_take_united_stand_against_match-fixing, (accessed 15 June 2011).

[45]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Office for Sport, Submission 45, Attachment A, p. 5.

[46]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Office for Sport, Submission 45, Attachment A, p. 8.

[47]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Office for Sport, Submission 45, Attachment A, p. 5.

[48]      Senator the Hon Mark Arbib, Senate Hansard, 14 June 2011, p. 2638.

[49]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Office for Sport, Submission 45, Attachment A, pp 9–10.

[50]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 21.

[51]      Harness Racing Australia, Submission 52, p. 4.

[52]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, p. 13. On 10 March 2010, the European Parliament adopted the Schadelmose Report, which called for strong coordinated action to fight the increasing threat of corruption and match-fixing in European sport.

[53]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 17.

[54]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Office for Sport, Submission 45, p. 2.

[55]      ABC News Online, 'NRL cracks down on exotic betting', 2 June 2011, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-06-02/nrl-cracks-down-on-exotic-betting/2742978 (accessed 2 June 2011).

[56]      Jon Pierik, 'Bookies banned from betting on first coaching casualty', Sydney Morning Herald, 24 January 2011.

[57]      Netball Australia, Submission 5, p. 2; Tennis Australia, Submission 38, p. 6.

[58]      Tennis Australia, Submission 38, p. 5.

[59]      COMPPS, Submission 16, p. 7.

[60]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, p. 20.

[61]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Office for Sport, Submission 45, p. 2.

[62]      COMPPS Codes of Conduct, additional information, received 11 August 2011.

[63]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Office for Sport, Submission 45, Attachment A, pp 8–9.

[64]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Office for Sport, Submission 45, Attachment A, p. 9.

[65]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Submission 45, p. 7.

[66]      David Sygall, 'Beware of tainted money', Sydney Morning Herald, 12 June 2011.

[67]      Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Office for Sport, Submission 45, Attachment A, p. 5. On 18 November 2011, state and territory law ministers through the Standing Council on Law and Justice agreed to support the development of nationally consistent criminal offences for match-fixing; see Senator the Hon Mark Arbib, 'Match-fixers will face jail under nationally consistent laws', Media Release, 18 November 2011, http://www.dpmc.gov.au/sport/minister/media_releases/viewItem.cfm?cid=27&id=282 (accessed 21 November 2011).

[68]      NSW Law Reform Commission, Cheating at Gambling, Report 130, August 2011, p. 7.

[69]      NSW Government, Submission 56, p. 6.

[70]      NSW Law Reform Commission, Media Release, 'Cheating at Gambling', 26 August 2011, http://info.lawaccess.nsw.gov.au/lawlink/lrc/ll_lrc.nsf/vwPrint1/LRC_mediar130 (accessed 30 August 2011).

[71]      NSW Law Reform Commission, Cheating at Gambling, Report 130, August 2011, pp 1–2.

[72]      NSW Law Reform Commission, Cheating at Gambling, Report 130, August 2011, p. 14.

[73]      NSW Law Reform Commission, Cheating at Gambling, Report 130, August 2011, p. 28.

[74]      NSW Law Reform Commission, Cheating at Gambling, Report 130, August 2011, pp 29–30.

[75]      Victorian Government response to Gleeson Review of Sports Betting Regulation, 3 August 2011, p. 1, http://www.premier.vic.gov.au/images/stories/documents/mediareleases/2011/110803_Gleeson_Review_-_recommendations_and_Coalition_Govt_response.pdf (accessed 7 September 2011).

[76]      Senator the Hon Mark Arbib, 'Federal Government welcomes VIC sports betting review',
3 August 2011, http://www.dpmc.gov.au/sport/minister/media_releases/mr_20110803.cfm (accessed 4 August 2011).

[77]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 27, p. 16.

[78]      COMPPS, Submission 16, p. 4.

[79]      COMPPS, Submission 16, p. 5.

[80]      Patrick Smith, 'National approach to eliminating sport graft not before time', The Australian, 9 June 2011.

[81]      Mr Des Gleeson, Review of Sports Betting Regulation, 31 March 2011, pp 3–4.

[82]      Mr Des Gleeson, Review of Sports Betting Regulation, 31 March 2011, p. 12.

[83]      Mr Des Gleeson, Review of Sports Betting Regulation, 31 March 2011, p. 13.

[84]      Victorian Government response to Gleeson Review of Sports Betting Regulation, 3 August 2011, http://www.premier.vic.gov.au/images/stories/documents/mediareleases/2011/110803_Gleeson_Review_-_recommendations_and_Coalition_Govt_response.pdf (accessed 7 September 2011).

[85]      NSW Law Reform Commission, Cheating at Gambling, Report 130, August 2011, p. 12.

[86]      NSW Law Reform Commission, Cheating at Gambling, Report 130, August 2011, p. 12.

[87]      Mr Des Gleeson, Review of Sports Betting Regulation, 31 March 2011, p. 28.

[88]      COMPPS, Submission 16, p. 4.

[89]      COMPPS, Submission 16, p. 4.

[90]      Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 54, p. 30.

[91]      Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 54, p. 31.

Chapter 14 - Match-fixing and corruption: the role of sporting bodies and the risk of exotic betting

[1]        Cricket Australia, 'Major sports unite to uphold integrity', 21 May 2010, (accessed 23 June 2011), http://sportsaustralia.com/articles/news.php?id=7458.

[2]        Cricket Australia, 'Major sports unite to uphold integrity', 21 May 2010, (accessed 23 June 2011), http://sportsaustralia.com/articles/news.php?id=7458.

[3]        COMPPS, Submission 16, p. 6.

[4]        COMPPS, Submission 16, p. 2.

[5]        COMPPS, Submission 16, p. 7.

[6]        COMPPS, Submission 16, p. 5.

[7]        COMPPS, Submission 16, p. 4. On 16 November 2011, the government welcomed Cricket Australia's decision to set up an Anti-Corruption and Security Unit to oversee and maintain the integrity of Australia's domestic cricket competitions; see Senator the Hon Mark Arbib, 'Minister welcomes new cricket integrity measures', Media Release, 16 November 2011, http://www.dpmc.gov.au/sport/minister/media_releases/viewItem.cfm?cid=27&id=281 (accessed 21 November 2011).

[8]        Mr Malcolm Speed, COMPPS, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 18.

[9]        Mr Malcolm Speed, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 18.

[10]      Mr Malcolm Speed and Senator Nick Xenophon, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 17.

[11]      Tennis Australia, Submission 38, p. 5.

[12]      David Scharwz, 'Online Gambling', Insight, SBS TV, 13 September 2011, http://www.sbs.com.au/insight/episode/index/id/428/Online-Gambling#transcript (accessed 11 October 2011).

[13]      Ross Coulthart, 'Daryn Cresswell's sporting shame', Sunday Night, Channel Seven, 16 October 2011, http://au.news.yahoo.com/sunday-night/features/article/-/10461787/daryn-cresswells-sporting-shame/ (accessed 17 October 2011). See also Brett Stubbs, 'Footy legend deceived Tassie', The Mercury, 18 October 2011.

[14]      Wayne Heming, 'Lockyer admits to beating gambling problem', Sydney Morning Herald, 28 August 2011.

[15]      AAP, 'Rugby League Week poll reveals NRL players still keen to bet despite last year's betting scandal', The Daily Telegraph, 27 July 2011. 

[16]      Mr Cormac Barry and Mr Ben Sleep, Sportsbet, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 10.

[17]      Tennis Australia, Submission 38, p. 7.

[18]      James Hooper, 'Owen Craigie warns of gambling pitfalls', The Sunday Telegraph, 7 August 2011.

[19]      Dr Jeffrey Derevensky, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 6.

[20]      David Forrest, Ian McHale and Kevin McAuley, Risks to Integrity of Sport from Betting Corruption, University of Salford, February 2008, p. 8, http://www.epma-conference.net/Download/22012009/SalfordREPORT_Feb08.pdf (accessed 19 September 2011).

[21]      Mr Malcolm Speed, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 14.

[22]      Mr Malcolm Speed, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 17.

[23]      Senator Xenophon and Mr Andrew Twaits, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 33.

[24]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 19.

[25]      Senator Xenophon, Mr Cormac Barry and Mr Ben Sleep, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 10.

[26]      Mr Andrew Twaits, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 34.

[27]      Australian Internet Bookmakers Association, Submission 54, p. 6.

[28]      University of Sydney Gambling Treatment Clinic, Submission 9, p. 4.

[29]      University of Sydney Gambling Treatment Clinic, Submission 9, p. 4.

[30]      Dr Jeffrey Derevensky, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 2.

[31]      Social Issues Executive, Anglican Diocese of Sydney, Submission 17, pp 3–4.

[32]      Social Issues Executive, Anglican Diocese of Sydney, Submission 17, p. 3.

Chapter 15 - Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011: Introduction and IGA amendments

[1]        Throughout chapters 15 and 16, submission numbers in footnotes refer to the submissions for the bill inquiry, except where otherwise specified.

[2]        Betfair, Submission 3, p. 2.

[3]        Betfair, Submission 3, p. 3.

[4]        Betfair, Submission 3, p. 3.

[5]        Tasmanian Inter-Church Gambling Taskforce, Submission 7, p. 3.

[6]        Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, Schedule 1, pp 3–4.

[7]        Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, Schedule 1, p. 4.

[8]        Senator Xenophon, Second Reading Speech, Journals of the Senate, 20 June 2011, p. 3272.

[9]        Responsible Gambling Advocacy Centre, Submission 4, p. 5.

[10]      Social Issues Executive, Anglican Diocese of Sydney, Submission 9, p. 1.

[11]      US Treasury Department, Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act, Examination Handbook, Section 770, May 2010, http://www.ots.treas.gov/_files/422372.pdf (accessed 27 September 2011), p. 770.1.

[12]      FamilyVoice Australia, Submission 11, p. 2.

[13]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 5, p. 3.

[14]      Mr Andrew Harding, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 5.

[15]      Mr Steven Ciobo MP and Mr Andrew Harding, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 7.

[16]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 5, p. 4.

[17]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 5, p. 4.

[18]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 7.

[19]      Mr Steven Munchenberg, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 23.

[20]      Mr Jamie Nettleton, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 10.

[21]      Senator Xenophon and Mr Jamie Nettleton, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 11.

[22]      Senator Xenophon and Mr Jamie Nettleton, Committee Hansard, 19 August 2011, p. 11.

[23]      Australian Bankers' Association, Submission 15, p. 8.

[24]      Australian Bankers' Association, Submission 15, p. 3.

[25]      Australian Bankers' Association, Submission 15, p. 4.

[26]      Australian Bankers' Association, Submission 15, p. 4.

[27]      VISA, Submission 16, p. 1.

[28]      Mr Steven Munchenberg, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 23.

[29]      Mr Steven Munchenberg, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 24.

[30]      Australian Bankers' Association, Submission 15, p. 7.

[31]      Mr Andrew Wilkie MP and Mr Steven Munchenberg, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, pp 29–30.

[32]      Mr Steven Munchenberg, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 29.

[33]      Mr Steven Munchenberg, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 29.

[34]      Senator Xenophon and Mr Steven Munchenberg, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 25.

[35]      Mr Steven Munchenberg, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 27.

[36]      Mr Steven Munchenberg, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 28.

[37]      Tasmanian Inter-Church Gambling Taskforce, Submission 7, p. 3.

[38]      Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, Schedule 2, p. 5.

[39]      Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, Schedule 2, pp 5–6.

[40]      Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, Schedule 2, p. 5.

[41]      Betchoice, Submission 43 to the Inquiry into Interactive and Online Gambling and Gambling Advertising, p. 15.

[42]      Betfair, Submission 3, p. 7.

[43]      FamilyVoice Australia, Submission 11, p. 2.

[44]      Responsible Gambling Advocacy Centre, Submission 4, p. 6.

[45]      Tasmanian Inter-Church Gambling Taskforce, Submission 7, p. 3.

[46]      Tasmanian Inter-Church Gambling Taskforce, Submission 7, p. 4.

Chapter 16 - Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011: Amendments relating to sports betting

[1]        Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, Explanatory Memorandum, p. 1.

[2]        Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, Explanatory Memorandum, p. 1.

[3]        Senator Xenophon, Second Reading Speech, Journals of the Senate, 20 June 2011, p. 3272.

[4]        Senator Xenophon, Second Reading Speech, Journals of the Senate, 20 June 2011, p. 3273.

[5]        Tasmanian Inter-Church Gambling Taskforce, Submission 7, p. 3.

[6]        Tabcorp, Submission 10, p. 2.

[7]        Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, Clause 3, p. 2.

[8]        FamilyVoice Australia, Submission 11, p. 1.

[9]        Australian Racing Board, Submission 5, p. 3.

[10]      Senate Standing Committee for the Scrutiny of Bills, Alert Digest No 7 of 2011, 6 July 2011, p. 15.

[11]      Betfair, Submission 3, p. 4.

[12]      Betfair, Submission 3, p. 5.

[13]      Betfair, Submission 3, p. 6.

[14]      Tasmanian Department of Treasury and Finance, Submission 8, p. 2.

[15]      Responsible Gambling Advocacy Centre, Submission 4, p. 4.

[16]      Responsible Gambling Advocacy Centre, Submission 4, p. 5.

[17]      Responsible Gambling Advocacy Centre, Submission 4, p. 5.

[18]      Coalition of Major Professional and Participation Sports (COMPPS), Submission 16 to the Inquiry into Interactive and Online Gambling and Gambling Advertising, p. 7.

[19]      Netball Australia, Submission 5 to the Inquiry into Interactive and Online Gambling and Gambling Advertising, p. 2.

[20]      Betfair, Submission 3, p. 5.

[21]      Social Issues Executive, Anglican Diocese of Sydney, Submission 9, p. 3.

[22]      Betfair, Submission 3, p. 4.

[23]      FamilyVoice Australia, Submission 11, p. 2.  

[24]      Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, Explanatory Memorandum, p. 2.

[25]      Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, Explanatory Memorandum, p. 2.

[26]      Tasmanian Inter-Church Gambling Taskforce, Submission 7, p. 4.

[27]      Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists, Submission 12, p. 2. See also Social Issues Executive, Anglican Diocese of Sydney, Submission 9, p. 2.

[28]      FamilyVoice Australia, Submission 11, p. 3.

[29]      Senate Standing Committee for the Scrutiny of Bills, Alert Digest No 7 of 2011, 6 July 2011, p. 15.

[30]      Responsible Gambling Advocacy Centre, Submission 4, p. 6.

[31]      Betfair, Submission 3, p. 8.

[32]      Senator Bilyk and Mr Malcolm Speed, Executive Director, COMPPS, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 16.

[33]      Senator Bilyk and Mr Andrew Twaits, Chief Executive Officer, Betfair, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 30.

[34]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 5, p. 5.

[35]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 5, pp 5–6.

[36]      Dr Samantha Thomas, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, p. 2.

[37]      Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, Explanatory Memorandum, pp 2–3.

[38]      Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011, Explanatory Memorandum, pp 2–3.

[39]      Mr Malcolm Speed, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 15.

[40]      Betfair, Submission 3, pp 8–9.

[41]      Netball Australia, Submission 6, p. 2.

[42]      Tasmanian Department of Treasury and Finance, Submission 8, p. 1.

[43]      Australian Racing Board, Submission 5, p. 7.

[44]      Senate Standing Committee for the Scrutiny of Bills, Alert Digest No 7 of 2011, 6 July 2011.

[45]      Ms Juliette Overland, Submission 14, p. 2.

[46]      Ms Juliette Overland, Submission 14, pp 1–2.

[47]      Ms Juliette Overland, Submission 14, pp 2–3.

[48]      Ms Juliette Overland, Submission 14, p. 3.

[49]      Ms Juliette Overland, Submission 14, p. 4.

Chair's additional comments

[1]        Productivity Commission, Gambling, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, pp 15.19-15.20.

[2]        Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p.15.18.

[3]        Dr Sally Gainsbury, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 33.

[4]        Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, pp 55–59.

[5]        Mr Robert Fitzgerald, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 46.

[6]        Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, pp 15.34–15.35.

[7]        Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p.15.35.

[8]        Mr Gary Banks, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 43.

[9]        Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.35.

[10]      Dr Ralph Lattimore, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 44.

[11]      Dr Ralph Lattimore, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 44.

[12]      iBus Media, Submission 42, p. 3.

[13]      Mr Gary Banks, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, pp 45–46.

[14]      Mr Gary Banks, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 47.

[15]      Dr Sally Gainsbury, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 33.

[16]      Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 33.

[17]      Dr Sally Gainsbury, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 33.

[18]      Dr Sally Gainsbury, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 33.

[19]      Betfair, Submission 12, p. 13.

[20]      Ms Penny Wilson, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 37.

[21]      Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 34.

[22]      Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 38.

[23]      iBus media, Submission 42, p. 3.

[24]      Dr Ralph Lattimore, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 46.

[25]      Mr Robert Fitzgerald, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 44.

[26]      Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 34.

[27]      Dr Sally Gainsbury, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 35.

[28]      Mr Gary Banks, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 43.

[29]      Mr Gary Banks, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 44.

[30]      Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 36.

[31]      Dr Sally Gainsbury, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 33.

[32]      FamilyVoice Australia, Submission 4, p. 3.

[33]      Mr Robert Fitzgerald, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 54.

[34]      Mr Robert Fitzgerald, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, pp 49–50.

[35]      Dr Sally Gainsbury, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, pp 37–38.

[36]      Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 38.

[37]      Dr Ralph Lattimore, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 45.

[38]      Dr Ralph Lattimore, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 45.

[39]      Dr Sally Gainsbury, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 38.

[40]      Dr Sally Gainsbury, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 38.

[41]      Mr Steven Munchenberg and Mr Andrew Wilkie MP, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 30.

Coalition committee members' additional comments

[1]        See Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 3. See also Richard Willingham, 'Betting agency settles over man's $80,000 debt', The Age, 26 July 2011.

Additional comments by Senator Xenophon

[1]        Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 56.

[2]        Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, pp 56–57.

[3]        Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 57.

[4]        Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 58.

[5]        University of Sydney Gambling Treatment Clinic, Submission 9, p. 2.

[6]        University of Sydney Gambling Treatment Clinic, Submission 9, p. 2.

[7]        Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 34.

[8]        Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.7.

[9]        Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 1, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 5.20, 5.26, vol. 2 Appendix F.

[10]      Dr Ralph Lattimore, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 52.

[11]      Productivity Commission, Gambling, vol. 2, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 15.15.

[12]      Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 34.

[13]      Dr Ralph Lattimore, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 44.

[14]      Dr Mark Zirnsak, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 42.

[15]      Dr Mark Zirnsak, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p. 42.

[16]      Professor Alex Blaszczynski, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, p. 36.

[17]      Dr Samantha Thomas, Committee Hansard, 11 October 2011, p. 2.

[18]      Mr Christopher Hunt, University of Sydney Gambling Treatment Clinic, Committee Hansard, 16 September 2011, pp 21–22.

[19]      Richard Willingham, 'Betting agency settles over man's $80,000 debt', The Age, 26 July 2011.

[20]      Senator Xenophon and Mr Cormac Barry, Sportsbet, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p 5.

[21]      Senator Xenophon, Mr Cormac Barry and Mr Ben Sleep, Sportsbet, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p 5.

[22]      Senator Xenophon, Mr Cormac Barry and Mr Ben Sleep, Sportsbet, Committee Hansard, 11 August 2011, p 5.

[23]      Queensland Government, Submission 55, p. 15.

[24]      Information available from: http://sgp1.paddington.ninemsn.com.au/sunday/political_transcripts/article_473.asp?s=1 (accessed 15 November 2011)

[25]      Senator Xenophon, Second Reading Speech, Journals of the Senate, 20 June 2011, p. 3272.

[26]      Senator Xenophon, Second Reading Speech, Journals of the Senate, 20 June 2011, p. 3273.

[27]      Telegraph UK, ‘Lord Condon: every international cricket team, at some stage, was involved in illegal match fixing’, 15 November 2011. Online: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/cricket/international/8891998/Lord-Condon-every-international-cricket-team-at-some-stage-was-involved-in-illegal-match-fixing.html

[28]      ‘Footballers gambling? You can bet on it’, Brisbane Times, 28 July 2011 (http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/sport/footballers-gambling-you-can-bet-on-it-20110727-1i02z.html)

[29]      Declan Hill, New York Times Goal, 27 November 2009. Online: http://goal.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/11/27/q-a-on-match-fixing-with-declan-hill-author-of-the-fix/

[30]       ACMA, email to office of Senator Nick Xenophon, 25 November 2011, additional information received by the committee 1 December 2011.

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