Primary Industries (excise) Levies Amendment (Rice) Bill 2005


Bills Digest No. 137  2004–05

Primary Industries (excise) Levies Amendment (Rice) Bill 2005

This Digest was prepared for debate. It reflects the legislation as introduced and does not canvass subsequent amendments. This Digest does not have any official legal status. Other sources should be consulted to determine the subsequent official status of the Bill.


Passage History
Main Provisions
Contact Officer & Copyright Details

Passage History

Primary Industries (excise) Levies Amendment (Rice) Bill 2005

Date Introduced: 10 March 2005

House: House of Representatives

Portfolio: Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry

Commencement: Sections 1-3 commence on Royal Assent. The operative provisions (Schedule 1) commence on Proclamation or, failing that, six months after Royal Assent.


The Bill will raise the maximum levy payable on Australian rice production from $2 to $3 per tonne. The method of setting (and amending) the rate that is actually payable at any given time will also be changed from Ministerial instrument to regulations made under the Primary Industries (Excise) Levies Act 1999.


Australian rice industry

The rice industry encompasses the Murray Valley of New South Wales and Victoria, and the Murrumbidgee Valley in New South Wales. There are approximately 2000 rice growing businesses in the Murray and Murrumbidgee river systems. The area of land sown to rice across this region, and hence total rice production, has decreased in recent years, mainly resulting from a shortage of water available for irrigation. There are currently around 50 000 hectares under cultivation. The industry has a current farm gate value of around $150 million and total value (export earnings, value-added) of over $800 million. The farm gate value has fallen from $350 million in 2000-01 to $157 million in 2004-05, and is projected to fall again to $126 million in 2005-06. Selected characteristics of the industry are shown in the table on the following page.

Australian rice growers have invested $2.5 billion in land, water, plant and equipment and $700 million collectively in mill storage and infrastructure through the Ricegrowers Cooperative Limited (SunRice) and the Rice Marketing Board of New South Wales. The industry is a major contributor to the economy of the region, generating an estimated 21 per cent of regional income and 18 per cent of regional employment. The industry has also invested in environmental improvement and impact reduction.(2)

The Rice Marketing Board of NSW

The Rice Marketing Board is constituted under the Marketing of Primary Products Act 1983 (NSW). It was originally established in 1928. The Board has vesting power over rice grown in New South Wales. The Board, under a formal agreement with the Ricegrowers Co-operative Limited, has appointed the Co-operative as the Board s agent under subsection 50(1) of the Marketing of Primary Products Act 1983. The purchase and marketing of rice are carried out by the Ricegrowers Co-operative Limited.(3)

Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation Rice Program

The Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC) Rice Program funds research projects that are designed to improve the profitability and sustainability of the Australian rice industry. The RIRDC Rice Program also provides funding for the Co-operative Research Centre for Sustainable Rice production.(4)

Australian rice industry selected characteristics







2005-06 (forecast)

Area planted ( 000 ha)







Production (kt)

1 643

1 192





Gross value of production ($m)







Exports (kt)







Gross value of exports ($m)







Gross unit value ($/t)







Source: Aust Commodities March 2005

The Rice Levy

Under schedule 23 of the Primary Industries (Excise) Levies Act 1999, producers of Australian rice must pay a levy based on the number of tonnes grown. Different rates may apply according to the variety of rice in question. Rates are set by the Commonwealth Agriculture Minister, although where a particular variety of rice is grown in a State which has a rice marketing authority, the relevant rate must first be recommended by that authority.(5) In any case, schedule 23 currently imposes a maximum rate of $2 per tonne. The purpose of the levy is to fund relevant research and development activities.

According to the Explanatory Memorandum to the Bill:

The rice industry requested the increase in the levy rate on rice. The main reason for this request is that the impact of the drought has significantly reduced rice production and therefore reduced the flow of revenue from the rice levy .The transferring of leviable rice varieties and the rate setting method, to the regulations are changes identified in a review of levies legislation by the Levies Revenue Service (LRS) as necessary to allow for easier administration of the levy. These changes will bring the rice levy legislation into line with the legislation for the levies of other commodities that are collected by the LRS.(6)

More information on primary industry levies collected by the Commonwealth s Levies Revenue Service can be found at

Passing of the Bill will not necessarily lead to any rises in the levy rates. In the second reading speech, the Minister commented that:

The government will only favourably consider a request to raise the operative levy rate beyond the current $2 cap if the request demonstrates compliance with the government's levy principles and guidelines. These guidelines include a requirement that there be widespread industry support for such a request. The current operative levy rate will not be affected by this bill. (7)

Main Provisions

Schedule 1

Item 2 amends the method of setting and/or changing the levy rate from the current method of Ministerial instrument to one of prescription by regulations made under the Primary Industries (Excise) Levies Act 1999.

Item 3 amends the maximum levy payable on Australian rice production from $2 to $3 per tonne.


  1. See NSW Department of Primary Industries, Review of the Marketing of Primary Products Act 1983, NSW Rice Marketing Board, Issues Paper and call for submissions, October 2004.

  2. Leslie, D.G., Keyworth, S.W., Lynn, F.L., Magill, A.F., Rice 2000 Project. See also Ricegrowers Association of Australia Inc. website: and the Ricegrowers Association of Australia Inc. Submission to the Productivity Commission Inquiry into Impacts of Native Vegetation and Biodiversity Regulations, July 2003, Submission No. 113.

  3. Source: NSW Department of Primary Industries website: 15 March 2005

  4. For details of the RIRDC Rice Program, research projects and funding, see:
    Rice Research Program.

  5. Where the rice is grown in more than one State, there must be a joint recommendation by the relevant marketing authorities.

  6. At p. 1.

  7. The Hon. Warren Truss, House of Representatives Debates, 10 March 2005, p. 5.


Contact Officer and Copyright Details

Angus Martyn and Mike Priestley
23 March 2005
Bills Digest Service
Information and Research Services

This paper has been prepared to support the work of the Australian Parliament using information available at the time of production. The views expressed do not reflect an official position of the Information and Research Service, nor do they constitute professional legal opinion.

IRS staff are available to discuss the paper's contents with Senators and Members and their staff but not with members of the public.

ISSN 1328-8091
© Commonwealth of Australia 2005

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Published by the Parliamentary Library, 2005.

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