Ministers of State Amendment Bill 2002

Numerical Index | Alphabetical Index

Bills Digest No. 76  2001-02
Ministers of State Amendment Bill 2002

This Digest was prepared for debate. It reflects the legislation as introduced and does not canvass subsequent amendments. This Digest does not have any official legal status. Other sources should be consulted to determine the subsequent official status of the Bill.


Passage History
Main Provisions
Contact Officer & Copyright Details

Passage History

Ministers of State Amendment Bill 2002

Date Introduced: 14 February 2002

House: House of Representatives

Portfolio: Finance and Administration

Commencement: Royal Assent



To increase the annual amount payable for the salaries of Ministers from $2.3 million to $2.8 million.



Section 66 of the Constitution provides that there be an annual sum payable for the salaries of Ministers. The Constitution states:

Section 66. Salaries of Ministers

There shall be payable to the Queen, out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund of the Commonwealth, for the salaries of the Ministers of State, an annual sum which, until the Parliament otherwise provides, shall not exceed twelve thousand pounds a year.

Parliament first legislated to increase the amount payable in 1915.(1) The current legislation is the Ministers of State Act 1952 (the Principal Act) which specifies the maximum size of the Ministry and appropriates the amount required for ministerial salaries from the Consolidated Revenue Fund. The Principal Act is amended from time to time to cover variations in the size of the Ministry or in the amount needed for ministerial salaries. This Bill amends the Principal Act to increase the sum available for ministerial salaries by $500 000.

Salaries of Senators and Members

The Remuneration Tribunal has a formal role in providing advice and recommendations to the Minister for Finance and Administration on the appropriate base salary for Senators and Members of the Federal Parliament.(2) The Tribunal also provides advice on the additional salaries payable to Ministers. The Government can choose to accept or reject the Tribunal's advice on these matters and must undertake the necessary action to bring the Tribunal's recommendations into force.(3)

In it's Report on Senators and Members of Parliament, Ministers and Holders of Parliamentary Office - Salaries and Allowances for Expenses of Office: Report 1999/01, the Remuneration Tribunal recommended that the annual salary of parliamentarians be linked to the reference salary of Band A in the Principal Executive Office (PEO) classification.(4) The PEO classification covers five Bands. Band A is the lowest and Band E is the highest. The 'reference salary' is an annual salary identified as a reference salary for a PEO classification in a relevant determination made by the Remuneration Tribunal. By Determination 1999/15, dated 7 December 1999, the Tribunal set the reference salary for Band A of the PEO structure at $90 000.(5)

The Tribunal further recommended that parliamentarians' salaries be adjusted automatically on 1 July each year in accordance with the Average Weekly Ordinary Time Earnings (AWOTE) movements announced during the previous twelve months.(6) The Tribunal issues a determination for the beginning of each new financial year to adjust all reference salaries in the PEO structure for movements in the AWOTE index announced in the previous financial year.

The Government accepted the Remuneration Tribunal's recommendation and Parliament has passed Regulations under the Remunerations and Allowances Act 1990 to describe the linkage of the Parliamentarians' salary to a reference salary in the PEO classification structure.(7)

Additional Salaries for Ministers

Ministerial salaries are additional to the basic parliamentary salary. They are expressed as a percentage of the basic salary, rather than as a specific amount. The Remuneration Tribunal's Report on Ministers of State - Salaries Additional to the Basic Parliamentary Salary (Report Number 1 of 2001)(8) which was accepted by the Government, recommends that the following percentage rates apply:



Additional % of Base Salary

Prime Minister


Deputy Prime Minister




Leader of the Government in the Senate


Leader of the House


Other Ministers in Cabinet


Other Ministers


Manager of Government Business in the Senate


Parliamentary Secretaries


On 5 July 2001, the Remuneration Tribunal determined new rates for the PEO classification, effective from 1 July 2001. The new reference salary for Band A of the PEO structure was determined to be $95 600.(9) According to the Second Reading Speech, these new rates have flowed on to Senators and Members and to Ministers. (10)

Additional information about parliamentary salaries is available in the following Parliamentary Library publications:

  • Healy, Margaret and Winter, Geoff, 'Remuneration of Members of the Parliament of Australia', Research Paper 30, 1999-2000 , and


Main Provisions

The effect of item 1 of Schedule 1 of the Bill is to increase the annual amount payable for the salaries of Ministers in a financial year from $2.3 million to $2.8 million.



  1. Ministers of State Act 1915.

  2. Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973 Section 5(2C).

  3. Remuneration Tribunal, Report on Senators and Members of Parliament, Ministers and Holders of Parliamentary Office - Salaries and Allowances for Expenses of Office: Report 1999/01, dated December 1999 at:

  4. ibid., p. 5.

  5. The Government generally accepted the Tribunal's recommendations relating to the parliamentary salary increases, but decided that the increase should be made in two stages: 4.45 per cent of the recommended 9.95 per cent increase would take effect from 7 December 1999 and the remaining 5 per cent from 1 July 2000.

  6. Remuneration Tribunal, Report on Senators and Members of Parliament, Ministers and Holders of Parliamentary Office - Salaries and Allowances for Expenses of Office: Report 1999/01, dated December 1999, p. 5.

  7. Remuneration and Allowances Regulations 1999. 1999 No. 341 Regulation 4 at:


  9. Remuneration Tribunal Determination 1999/15: Principal Executive Office (PEO) Classification Structure and Terms and Conditions, consolidated as at 26 September 2001 at:

    The Australian Bureau of Statistics' publication Average Weekly Earnings, May 2001, shows an increase in full time adult ordinary time earnings from May 2000 to May 2001 of 4.9 per cent for 'males', and 5.3 per cent for 'persons'.

  10. Second Reading Speech, Ministers of State Amendment Bill 2002, House of Representatives, Debates, 14 February 2002, p. 141.



Contact Officer and Copyright Details

Rosemary Bell
18 February 2002

Bills Digest Service
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This paper has been prepared for general distribution to Senators and Members of the Australian Parliament. While great care is taken to ensure that the paper is accurate and balanced, the paper is written using information publicly available at the time of production. The views expressed are those of the author and should not be attributed to the Information and Research Services (IRS). Advice on legislation or legal policy issues contained in this paper is provided for use in parliamentary debate and for related parliamentary purposes. This paper is not professional legal opinion. Readers are reminded that the paper is not an official parliamentary or Australian government document.

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ISSN 1328-8091
© Commonwealth of Australia 2000

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Published by the Department of the Parliamentary Library, 2000.

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