State Statistical Bulletin 2018

9 May 2019

PDF version [651KB]

Gregory O'Brien
Statistics and Mapping Section

Executive summary

  • This paper, a companion to the Monthly Statistical Bulletin published by the Parliamentary Library, provides tables and charts for a broad range of social, demographic and economic indicators across all Australian states and territories, and compares these with Australian averages.
  • Each table presents data for the past five calendar years to 2018, while each chart plots data for the calendar year 2018.
  • The State Statistical Bulletin is published twice per year covering data for both the previous financial year and calendar year.

Introduction

The purpose of this paper is to present a range of economic and other statistical indicators for the states and territories of Australia. To facilitate comparisons, indicators are presented in relative terms such as growth rates, percentages, or proportions of gross state product, so comparisons can be made using equivalent measures.

This publication is a companion to the Monthly Statistical Bulletin which contains Australia-wide data only, but on a more frequent basis.

A glossary of social, demographic and economic terms used in the tables is provided at the end of this publication.

Data Sources

Data sources are listed at the bottom of the page for each indicator. All data is from an original ABS series unless otherwise indicated as a trend or seasonally adjusted series.

Historical Data

Long-term data series for every table in this paper and for the Parliamentary Library’s companion publication, the Monthly Statistical Bulletin, are available electronically and can be found on the Parliamentary Library’s Monthly Statistical Bulletin and State Statistical Bulletin pages.

Contents

Executive summary

Introduction

Contents

Chapter 1: Labour Market

1.1 Employment
1.2 Unemployment
1.3 Labour force

Chapter 2: Wages and Prices

2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings (AWOTE)
2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings
2.3 Male total average weekly earnings
2.4 Female total average weekly earnings
2.5 Wage price index
2.6 Consumer price index

Chapter 3: State Accounts

3.1 Real gross state product
3.2 Real gross state product per capita
3.3 Labour productivity

Chapter 4: Business Conditions

4.1 Value of retail sales
4.2 Dwelling approvals
4.3 Business investment

Chapter 5: Housing

5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing

Chapter 6: Public Sector Finances

6.1 State government fiscal balance
6.2 State government taxation revenue

Chapter 7: Exports

7.1 International merchandise exports

Chapter 8: Social Statistics

8.1 Population
8.2 Apparent school retention rates
8.3 General practice bulk billing

Chapter 1: Labour Market

1.1 Employment

Annual change - per cent, 2018

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Number employed (a) – '000        
New South Wales 3 617.7 3 714.9 3 811.4 3 875.1 4 010.1
Victoria 2 905.0 2 994.4 3 096.0 3 205.6 3 292.3
Queensland 2 322.4 2 343.5 2 358.3 2 417.2 2 484.7
South Australia  801.3  804.0  812.2  825.0  842.7
Western Australia 1 312.7 1 321.9 1 303.7 1 320.6 1 340.4
Tasmania  237.6  240.2  237.8  245.7  249.2
Northern Territory  131.5  134.8  135.7  138.1  136.6
Australian Capital Territory  211.9  212.5  218.0  224.7  228.3
Australia 11 540.2 11 766.3 11 973.1 12 251.9 12 584.3
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 0.6 2.7 2.6 1.7 3.5
Victoria 1.0 3.1 3.4 3.5 2.7
Queensland 0.9 0.9 0.6 2.5 2.8
South Australia -0.5 0.3 1.0 1.6 2.1
Western Australia 0.4 0.7 -1.4 1.3 1.5
Tasmania 2.6 1.1 -1.0 3.3 1.4
Northern Territory 1.8 2.5 0.6 1.8 -1.1
Australian Capital Territory -0.1 0.3 2.6 3.0 1.6
Australia 0.7 2.0 1.8 2.3 2.7
           
(a) Total full-time and part-time employed; Annual average of monthly data.
Source: ABS, Labour Force, cat. no. 6291.0.55.001, February 2019

1.2 Unemployment

Unemployment rate - per cent, 2018

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Number unemployed (a) – '000        
New South Wales  220.0  226.7  205.7  196.6  198.1
Victoria  205.6  194.8  191.7  203.0  172.6
Queensland  158.9  156.6  153.3  156.8  163.4
South Australia  57.6  64.3  59.5  55.8  50.8
Western Australia  71.2  82.5  84.2  83.0  88.7
Tasmania  18.5  16.8  16.5  15.4  15.6
Northern Territory  5.4  5.9  5.3  5.6  6.1
Australian Capital Territory  9.5  10.6  8.9  9.4  8.8
Australia  746.6  758.3  725.1  725.6  704.1
           
Unemployment rate (b) – per cent        
New South Wales 6.1 5.3 5.1 4.8 4.3
Victoria 6.5 6.0 5.9 5.7 4.6
Queensland 6.6 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.0
South Australia 6.7 7.1 6.6 5.9 5.9
Western Australia 5.4 6.0 6.5 6.0 6.3
Tasmania 6.7 6.6 6.1 5.9 6.1
Northern Territory 3.7 4.1 3.4 4.4 4.9
Australian Capital Territory 4.7 4.9 3.6 4.0 3.5
Australia 6.3 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.0
           
(a) Annual average of monthly data.        
(b) Number unemployed as a proportion of the labour force, trend terms, as at December.  
Source: ABS, Labour Force, cat. no. 6202.0, February 2019

1.3 Labour force

Participation rate - per cent, 2018

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Labour force (a) – '000          
New South Wales 3 837.7 3 941.6 4 017.1 4 071.7 4 208.2
Victoria 3 110.7 3 189.3 3 287.7 3 408.6 3 464.9
Queensland 2 481.3 2 500.1 2 511.6 2 573.9 2 648.1
South Australia  858.9  868.3  871.7  880.8  893.5
Western Australia 1 383.9 1 404.4 1 387.8 1 403.6 1 429.0
Tasmania  256.0  257.0  254.3  261.1  264.8
Northern Territory  136.9  140.8  141.0  143.7  142.7
Australian Capital Territory  221.3  223.1  226.9  234.0  237.1
Australia 12 286.8 12 524.5 12 698.1 12 977.5 13 288.3
           
Participation rate (b) – per cent        
New South Wales 63.1 64.4 63.5 64.4 65.0
Victoria 65.0 64.8 65.7 66.0 65.9
Queensland 65.4 65.8 64.2 66.0 65.5
South Australia 61.6 62.0 62.2 62.4 62.6
Western Australia 68.6 68.2 67.2 68.3 68.3
Tasmania 61.4 60.7 59.8 61.2 60.4
Northern Territory 73.9 74.9 77.2 76.0 74.4
Australian Capital Territory 70.1 70.6 70.2 72.5 69.6
Australia 64.7 65.1 64.7 65.6 65.6
           
(a) Annual average of monthly data.        
(b) Labour force as a proportion of the civilian population aged 15 years and over, trend series, as at December
Source: ABS, Labour Force, cat. no. 6202.0, February 2019

Chapter 2: Wages and Prices

2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings

Dollars per week, 2018

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
AWOTE (a) (b) – $ per week        
New South Wales 1 475.7 1 519.7 1 538.4 1 565.9 1 614.1
Victoria 1 388.4 1 410.7 1 477.3 1 516.0 1 557.1
Queensland 1 447.9 1 443.8 1 471.2 1 512.0 1 558.0
South Australia 1 352.8 1 362.1 1 430.5 1 444.6 1 455.4
Western Australia 1 657.2 1 700.0 1 700.9 1 728.8 1 748.7
Tasmania 1 256.8 1 303.9 1 339.9 1 354.5 1 389.4
Northern Territory 1 435.6 1 533.3 1 604.1 1 632.2 1 655.9
Australian Capital Territory 1 682.8 1 711.3 1 736.2 1 788.6 1 811.7
Australia 1 465.6 1 491.8 1 524.7 1 556.4 1 595.4
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 4.3 3.0 1.2 1.8 3.1
Victoria 1.8 1.6 4.7 2.6 2.7
Queensland 1.8 -0.3 1.9 2.8 3.0
South Australia 4.0 0.7 5.0 1.0 0.8
Western Australia 1.5 2.6 0.1 1.6 1.2
Tasmania -0.8 3.7 2.8 1.1 2.6
Northern Territory -0.9 6.8 4.6 1.8 1.5
Australian Capital Territory -0.2 1.7 1.5 3.0 1.3
Australia 2.6 1.8 2.2 2.1 2.5
           
(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.        
(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees.    
Care should be taken when comparing average weekly earnings of states over time due to compositional changes
Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, cat. no.6302.0, November 2018

2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings

Annual change - per cent, 2018

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Real AWOTE (a) (b) – $ per week        
New South Wales 1 588.5 1 605.3 1 602.1 1 596.2 1 614.1
Victoria 1 493.6 1 497.1 1 544.8 1 550.0 1 557.1
Queensland 1 545.1 1 517.5 1 522.7 1 537.4 1 558.0
South Australia 1 437.2 1 430.9 1 488.5 1 474.8 1 455.4
Western Australia 1 721.0 1 742.5 1 734.6 1 748.1 1 748.7
Tasmania 1 348.5 1 384.1 1 404.1 1 388.9 1 389.4
Northern Territory 1 466.4 1 559.0 1 633.7 1 651.6 1 655.9
Australian Capital Territory 1 796.2 1 815.0 1 819.0 1 834.0 1 811.7
Australia 1 565.4 1 569.7 1 584.1 1 586.1 1 595.4
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 1.9 1.1 -0.2 -0.4 1.1
Victoria -0.6 0.2 3.2 0.3 0.5
Queensland -1.0 -1.8 0.3 1.0 1.3
South Australia 1.5 -0.4 4.0 -0.9 -1.3
Western Australia -1.2 1.3 -0.5 0.8 0.0
Tasmania -2.9 2.6 1.4 -1.1 0.0
Northern Territory -3.7 6.3 4.8 1.1 0.3
Australian Capital Territory -2.2 1.0 0.2 0.8 -1.2
Australia 0.1 0.3 0.9 0.1 0.6
           
(a) Annual average.          
(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees expressed in average 2018 dollars; converted to real terms using the Consumer Price Index.
Care should be taken when comparing average weekly earnings of states over time due to compositional changes.
Sources: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, cat. no. 6302.0, Nov 2018; ABS, Consumer Price Index, cat. no. 6401.0, Mar 2019

2.3 Male total average weekly earnings

Dollars per week, 2018

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
MTAWE (a) (b) – $ per week        
New South Wales 1 348.0 1 388.8 1 421.9 1 443.8 1 466.9
Victoria 1 277.1 1 278.1 1 314.2 1 344.5 1 393.9
Queensland 1 352.9 1 323.7 1 354.8 1 396.3 1 450.7
South Australia 1 280.4 1 241.0 1 267.9 1 285.9 1 265.8
Western Australia 1 662.0 1 657.8 1 636.5 1 645.9 1 641.9
Tasmania 1 132.1 1 163.2 1 163.3 1 227.5 1 258.9
Northern Territory 1 436.4 1 508.5 1 650.2 1 683.4 1 613.6
Australian Capital Territory 1 511.5 1 530.4 1 513.4 1 570.8 1 661.2
Australia 1 368.1 1 372.2 1 396.5 1 422.5 1 452.9
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 2.6 3.0 2.4 1.5 1.6
Victoria -0.3 0.1 2.8 2.3 3.7
Queensland -0.1 -2.2 2.3 3.1 3.9
South Australia 4.3 -3.1 2.2 1.4 -1.6
Western Australia 1.3 -0.3 -1.3 0.6 -0.2
Tasmania 1.5 2.8 0.0 5.5 2.6
Northern Territory -1.0 5.0 9.4 2.0 -4.1
Australian Capital Territory -2.2 1.3 -1.1 3.8 5.8
Australia 1.2 0.3 1.8 1.9 2.1
           
(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.        
(b) Total average weekly earnings for all male employees. Not adjusted for CPI.
Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, cat. no. 6302.0, November 2018

2.4 Female total average weekly earnings

Dollars per week, 2018

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
FTAWE (a) (b) – $ per week        
New South Wales  905.0  940.1  970.7  996.3 1 041.9
Victoria  843.0  867.3  892.3  934.0  963.8
Queensland  854.9  897.5  894.0  894.9  940.5
South Australia  856.6  836.5  844.7  879.9  897.2
Western Australia  943.6  959.7  963.6  976.7  966.8
Tasmania  771.4  778.1  786.2  827.2  849.6
Northern Territory 1 006.6 1 048.5 1 097.9 1 143.5 1 160.4
Australian Capital Territory 1 160.5 1 206.1 1 217.5 1 225.8 1 259.7
Australia  884.6  911.3  929.1  953.2  986.3
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 0.6 3.9 3.3 2.6 4.6
Victoria 2.3 2.9 2.9 4.7 3.2
Queensland 5.0 5.0 -0.4 0.1 5.1
South Australia 8.0 -2.3 1.0 4.2 2.0
Western Australia 4.5 1.7 0.4 1.4 -1.0
Tasmania 0.8 0.9 1.0 5.2 2.7
Northern Territory -0.2 4.2 4.7 4.2 1.5
Australian Capital Territory -0.9 3.9 0.9 0.7 2.8
Australia 2.7 3.0 2.0 2.6 3.5
           
(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.        
(b) Total average weekly earnings for all female employees. Not adjusted for CPI.
Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, cat. no. 6302.0, November 2018

2.5 Wage price index

Annual change - per cent, 2018

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Wage price index (a) (b)          
New South Wales  119.6  122.1  124.7  127.2  130.3
Victoria  120.0  122.9  125.2  128.2  131.6
Queensland  120.3  122.6  125.0  127.7  130.6
South Australia  120.2  123.0  125.7  128.1  131.1
Western Australia  122.3  124.5  126.2  128.1  130.1
Tasmania  119.6  122.2  125.1  127.9  131.2
Northern Territory  121.1  124.0  126.6  128.0  130.8
Australian Capital Territory  119.5  121.4  123.7  126.1  128.6
Australia  120.2  122.7  125.1  127.7  130.6
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.4
Victoria 2.8 2.4 1.9 2.4 2.7
Queensland 2.6 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.3
South Australia 2.6 2.3 2.2 1.9 2.3
Western Australia 2.3 1.8 1.4 1.5 1.6
Tasmania 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.6
Northern Territory 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.1 2.2
Australian Capital Territory 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.9 2.0
Australia 2.6 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.3
           
(a) Index value at December.          
(b) Total hourly rate of pay index excluding bonuses, all sectors. Base: 2008–09 = 100.0.
Source: ABS, Wage Price Index, cat. no. 6345.0, December 2018

2.6 Consumer price index

Annual change - per cent, 2018

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Consumer price index (a)          
Sydney  106.3  108.3  109.8  112.2  114.4
Melbourne  105.9  107.4  109.0  111.4  113.9
Brisbane  106.1  107.7  109.4  111.3  113.2
Adelaide  105.7  106.9  107.9  110.0  112.3
Perth  106.5  107.9  108.4  109.4  110.6
Hobart  104.5  105.6  107.0  109.3  112.1
Darwin  108.1  108.6  108.4  109.1  110.4
Canberra  105.0  105.7  107.0  109.3  112.1
Weighted average eight
capital cities
 106.1  107.7  109.1  111.2  113.3
           
Annual change – per cent (b)        
Sydney 2.4 1.9 1.4 2.2 1.9
Melbourne 2.4 1.4 1.5 2.3 2.2
Brisbane 2.7 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.7
Adelaide 2.5 1.1 1.0 1.9 2.1
Perth 2.8 1.3 0.5 0.9 1.1
Hobart 2.1 1.1 1.3 2.2 2.5
Darwin 2.9 0.5 -0.2 0.6 1.2
Canberra 2.0 0.6 1.2 2.2 2.5
Weighted average eight
capital cities
2.5 1.5 1.3 1.9 1.9
           
(a) Annual average of quarterly data; base year for CPI is 2011-12.
(b) Change in the annual averages of table above.
Source: ABS, Consumer Price Index, cat. no. 6401.0, March 2019

Chapter 3: State Accounts

3.1 Real gross state product

Annual change - per cent, 2017–18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
Gross state product, chain volume measures – $ million
New South Wales  525 199  539 689  561 098  578 518  593 275
Victoria  369 281  380 716  393 854  409 566  423 961
Queensland  310 904  314 121  322 002  328 449  339 504
South Australia  100 291  101 314  101 528  103 935  106 004
Western Australia  246 424  252 666  255 535  251 057  255 883
Tasmania  28 091  28 382  28 862  29 298  30 266
Northern Territory  23 939  24 581  25 083  25 767  26 200
Australian Capital Territory  34 432  35 204  36 598  37 923  39 442
Australia 1 638 132 1 676 400 1 724 123 1 764 512 1 814 535
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 1.9 2.8 4.0 3.1 2.6
Victoria 2.4 3.1 3.5 4.0 3.5
Queensland 2.2 1.0 2.5 2.0 3.4
South Australia 0.8 1.0 0.2 2.4 2.0
Western Australia 5.8 2.5 1.1 -1.8 1.9
Tasmania 1.1 1.0 1.7 1.5 3.3
Northern Territory 1.3 2.7 2.0 2.7 1.7
Australian Capital Territory 0.9 2.2 4.0 3.6 4.0
Australia 2.6 2.3 2.8 2.3 2.8
           
Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis. 2018-19 figures will be released in November 2019
Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2017-18

3.2 Real gross state product per capita

Annual change, 2017–18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
Gross state product per capita, chain volume measures (a) – $    
New South Wales  70 450  71 367  73 142  74 186  74 955
Victoria  63 314  63 905  64 640  65 610  66 391
Queensland  66 355  66 169  67 015  67 256  68 379
South Australia  59 767  59 839  59 515  60 519  61 343
Western Australia  98 483  99 923  100 299  97 940  98 997
Tasmania  54 758  55 213  55 968  56 364  57 686
Northern Territory  98 796  101 258  102 760  104 677  106 191
Australian Capital Territory  89 129  89 810  91 753  93 140  94 831
Australia  70 322  70 921  71 893  72 381  73 267
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 0.5 1.3 2.5 1.4 1.0
Victoria 0.2 0.9 1.1 1.5 1.2
Queensland 0.6 -0.3 1.3 0.4 1.7
South Australia -0.1 0.1 -0.5 1.7 1.4
Western Australia 4.0 1.5 0.4 -2.4 1.1
Tasmania 0.8 0.8 1.4 0.7 2.3
Northern Territory -0.2 2.5 1.5 1.9 1.4
Australian Capital Territory -0.8 0.8 2.2 1.5 1.8
Australia 0.9 0.9 1.4 0.7 1.2
           
Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis. 2018-19 figures will be released in November 2019
Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2017-18

3.3 Labour productivity

Gross State Product per hour worked, 2017-18, $

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
Gross State Product per hour worked, $      
New South Wales 370.6 382.5 374.9 392.8 391.0
Victoria 332.0 342.7 336.7 341.9 348.9
Queensland 331.3 340.9 342.2 355.5 354.7
South Australia 326.3 332.4 332.4 340.7 341.8
Western Australia 468.2 480.1 491.8 498.7 499.6
Tasmania 326.3 324.7 322.8 331.1 336.0
Northern Territory 422.9 438.2 433.1 447.4 462.7
Australian Capital Territory 432.0 444.3 445.8 464.0 463.9
Australia 362.1 372.8 369.8 381.0 382.5
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales -0.5 3.2 -2.0 4.8 -0.5
Victoria -1.6 3.2 -1.7 1.5 2.1
Queensland -2.3 2.9 0.4 3.9 -0.2
South Australia -1.0 1.9 0.0 2.5 0.3
Western Australia 4.3 2.6 2.4 1.4 0.2
Tasmania -1.3 -0.5 -0.6 2.6 1.5
Northern Territory -3.8 3.6 -1.2 3.3 3.4
Australian Capital Territory 0.3 2.8 0.3 4.1 0.0
Australia -0.5 2.9 -0.8 3.0 0.4
           
(a) Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked, all sectors (i.e. market and non-market sectors).
Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis.
Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2017-18; ABS, Labour Force, Detailed, cat. no. 6291.0.55.001, March 2019

Chapter 4: Business Conditions

4.1 Value of retail sales

Annual change - per cent, 2018

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Value – $ million          
New South Wales  88 813  93 698  97 953  100 640  103 408
Victoria  69 613  73 320  76 508  79 270  83 392
Queensland  57 682  59 585  61 284  62 074  63 469
South Australia  18 187  19 017  19 813  20 511  21 035
Western Australia  32 797  33 687  34 052  34 010  33 966
Tasmania  5 550  5 760  6 042  6 205  6 457
Northern Territory  3 080  3 092  3 124  3 125  3 145
Australian Capital Territory  5 002  5 233  5 589  5 729  5 925
Australia  280 724  293 391  304 365  311 565  320 798
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 8.6 5.5 4.5 2.7 2.7
Victoria 6.2 5.3 4.3 3.6 5.2
Queensland 3.2 3.3 2.9 1.3 2.2
South Australia 3.6 4.6 4.2 3.5 2.6
Western Australia 1.8 2.7 1.1 -0.1 -0.1
Tasmania 7.0 3.8 4.9 2.7 4.1
Northern Territory 4.3 0.4 1.0 0.1 0.6
Australian Capital Territory 1.0 4.6 6.8 2.5 3.4
Australia 5.5 4.5 3.7 2.4 3.0
           
Source: ABS, Retail Trade Australia, cat. no.  8501.0, February 2019

4.2 Dwelling approvals

Annual change - per cent, 2018

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Number (a)          
New South Wales  55 584  71 532  74 678  72 494  64 827
Victoria  60 895  68 669  68 111  70 371  68 050
Queensland  40 173  50 856  47 779  42 367  40 145
South Australia  11 778  11 370  12 164  12 247  11 980
Western Australia  33 088  28 660  21 913  19 563  16 272
Tasmania  2 551  2 793  2 171  2 687  3 051
Northern Territory  2 000  1 666  1 278   813   728
Australian Capital Territory  3 938  4 189  6 157  4 348  7 160
Australia  210 007  239 735  234 251  224 890  212 213
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 13.0 28.7 4.4 -2.9 -10.6
Victoria 22.2 12.8 -0.8 3.3 -3.3
Queensland 11.8 26.6 -6.1 -11.3 -5.2
South Australia 10.6 -3.5 7.0 0.7 -2.2
Western Australia 15.3 -13.4 -23.5 -10.7 -16.8
Tasmania 34.4 9.5 -22.3 23.8 13.5
Northern Territory -12.8 -16.7 -23.3 -36.4 -10.5
Australian Capital Territory -18.0 6.4 47.0 -29.4 64.7
Australia 14.6 14.2 -2.3 -4.0 -5.6
           
(a) Houses and other dwellings (e.g. flats) intended for long-term residential use; includes both private and public sector dwellings.
Source: ABS, Building Approvals, cat. no. 8731.0, March 2019

4.3 Business investment

Annual change - per cent, 2017-18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
Chain volume measures (a) – $ million        
New South Wales  52 756  54 157  55 502  55 634  61 715
Victoria  38 759  41 549  41 946  43 100  47 287
Queensland  70 327  53 866  40 452  40 753  45 055
South Australia  12 225  12 550  11 214  9 091  12 406
Western Australia  72 624  65 607  52 931  37 805  37 838
Tasmania  2 363  2 505  2 349  2 437  2 861
Northern Territory  10 385  9 209  7 001  9 139  7 688
Australian Capital Territory  2 220  2 276  2 344  2 571  2 715
Australia  261 129  241 559  213 738  200 530  217 566
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales -9.2 2.7 2.5 0.2 10.9
Victoria 10.1 7.2 1.0 2.8 9.7
Queensland -3.0 -23.4 -24.9 0.7 10.6
South Australia -0.8 2.7 -10.6 -18.9 36.5
Western Australia -9.5 -9.7 -19.3 -28.6 0.1
Tasmania -3.6 6.0 -6.2 3.7 17.4
Northern Territory -2.1 -11.3 -24.0 30.5 -15.9
Australian Capital Territory -14.8 2.5 3.0 9.7 5.6
Australia -4.5 -7.5 -11.5 -6.2 8.5
           
(a) Private business gross fixed capital formation for other buildings and structures, machinery and equipment, livestock and intangible fixed assets.
Note: National account data is only available for financial years.
Source: Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2017-18

Chapter 5: Housing

5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing

Annual change - per cent, 2018

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Value (a) – $ million          
New South Wales  43 286  53 188  54 608  61 344  58 335
Victoria  36 037  42 279  44 432  51 071  50 796
Queensland  27 280  28 556  29 751  31 117  29 968
South Australia  7 916  8 198  8 569  8 829  8 979
Western Australia  21 300  18 828  16 673  16 202  14 548
Tasmania  1 876  1 870  2 029  2 252  2 479
Northern Territory  1 224   976   870   854   786
Australian Capital Territory  2 777  3 103  3 252  3 736  3 912
Australia  141 696  156 996  160 185  175 405  169 804
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 7.4 22.9 2.7 12.3 -4.9
Victoria 7.6 17.3 5.1 14.9 -0.5
Queensland 10.3 4.7 4.2 4.6 -3.7
South Australia 6.9 3.6 4.5 3.0 1.7
Western Australia 3.6 -11.6 -11.4 -2.8 -10.2
Tasmania 10.4 -0.3 8.5 11.0 10.1
Northern Territory 14.6 -20.3 -10.9 -1.8 -7.9
Australian Capital Territory 7.7 11.7 4.8 14.9 4.7
Australia 7.5 10.8 2.0 9.5 -3.2
           
(a) Lending commitments by all types of lenders for the construction and purchase of new or established owner occupied dwellings excluding refinancing.
Source: ABS, Lending to Households and Businesses, Cat. No. 5601.0, February 2019

Chapter 6: Public Sector Finances

6.1 State government fiscal balance

Percentage of gross state product, 2017–18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
General government sector fiscal balance (a) – $ million      
New South Wales -1 346  612  71 - 503 -2 517
Victoria 1 104 - 423  55 -2 026 -6 164
Queensland -2 585 - 659 - 478 1 332 - 90
South Australia -1 699 - 122  94 -2 334 - 907
Western Australia -1 129 -1 914 -3 442 -3 941 -1 882
Tasmania - 159 - 62 - 68  524 - 245
Northern Territory - 101 - 121 - 22 - 469 - 703
Australian Capital Territory - 575 - 912 - 627 - 209 - 231
Total (b) -6 493 -3 602 -4 430 -7 634 -12 739
           
General government sector fiscal balance – percentage of gross state product    
New South Wales -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.4
Victoria 0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.5 -1.4
Queensland -0.9 -0.2 -0.2 0.4 0.0
South Australia -1.7 -0.1 0.1 -2.2 -0.8
Western Australia -0.4 -0.8 -1.4 -1.6 -0.7
Tasmania -0.6 -0.2 -0.2 1.8 -0.8
Northern Territory -0.4 -0.5 -0.1 -1.8 -2.7
Australian Capital Territory -1.7 -2.7 -1.7 -0.6 -0.6
Total (c) -0.4 -0.2 -0.3 -0.4 -0.7
           
(a) The financing requirement of government. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position.
(b) The sum of all state and territory jurisdictions may not agree with the total, due to transfers between jurisdictions.
(c) Total or aggregate fiscal balance for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross state product.
Sources: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, cat. no. 5512.0, 2017-18

6.2 State and local government taxation revenue

Dollars per capita, 2017–18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
General government sector taxation revenue – $ million      
New South Wales 27 816 30 350 33 426 35 150 35 661
Victoria 21 156 22 904 24 776 26 533 28 277
Queensland 15 135 16 043 16 168 16 708 17 195
South Australia 5 412 5 765 5 871 5 935 6 137
Western Australia 10 446 10 784 11 150 10 757 10 848
Tasmania 1 295 1 353 1 429 1 477 1 548
Northern Territory  671  828  729  737  770
Australian Capital Territory 1 296 1 377 1 568 1 695 1 718
Total (a) 83 227 89 404 95 116 98 992 102 154
           
General government sector taxation revenue per capita - $      
New South Wales 3 705 3 985 4 323 4 467 4 464
Victoria 3 589 3 803 4 013 4 197 4 377
Queensland 3 207 3 358 3 337 3 391 3 431
South Australia 3 208 3 390 3 428 3 443 3 534
Western Australia 4 149 4 245 4 362 4 179 4 180
Tasmania 2 521 2 627 2 761 2 827 2 931
Northern Territory 2 763 3 384 2 967 2 978 3 113
Australian Capital Territory 3 333 3 479 3 890 4 114 4 081
Total (b) 3 545 3 754 3 932 4 024 4 087
           
(a) Total is the sum of taxation revenue from all state and local government sources, not taxation revenue for Australia as it excludes Commonwealth taxation.
(b) Total is the quotient of total taxation revenue (a) and the population of Australia. This is not equivalent to the taxation revenue per capita for Australia as Commonwealth taxation is excluded.
Source: ABS, Taxation Revenue, cat. no. 5506.0, 2017-18

Chapter 7: Exports

7.1 International merchandise exports

Percentage of gross state product, 2017–18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
Merchandise exports (a) – $ million        
New South Wales  36 599  37 032  36 193  44 078  47 597
Victoria  23 964  23 609  23 323  24 729  26 824
Queensland  44 813  46 488  47 867  66 485  74 263
South Australia  12 354  11 322  11 567  11 432  12 042
Western Australia  130 426  110 775  99 635  120 398  129 698
Tasmania  2 753  2 542  2 848  2 758  3 675
Northern Territory  6 804  6 177  4 701  4 898  5 721
Australian Capital Territory   1   6   14   21   23
Australia (b)  272 922  254 552  243 423  290 880  314 479
           
Merchandise exports – percentage of gross state product      
New South Wales   7.3   7.1   6.7   7.6   7.9
Victoria   6.7   6.3   6.0   6.0   6.2
Queensland   15.5   15.7   15.8   20.2   21.3
South Australia   12.6   11.4   11.6   11.0   11.2
Western Australia   48.3   44.0   41.5   48.0   50.0
Tasmania   10.1   9.2   10.1   9.4   11.9
Northern Territory   27.8   25.2   19.3   19.0   21.7
Australian Capital Territory   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.1   0.1
Australia (b)   17.1   15.7   14.6   16.5   17.0
           
(a) State in which the final stage of manufacture or production occurs. FOB value.
(b) Includes re-exports and state figures not available for publication. Australian total, therefore, may not equal sum of states and territories.
Note: This table is based on national accounts data.
Sources: ABS, International Trade in Goods and Services, cat. no. 5368.0; ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2017-18

Chapter 8: Social Statistics

8.1 Population

Annual change - per cent, 2017

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Population (a) – '000          
New South Wales 7 454.9 7 562.2 7 671.4 7 801.8 7 922.4
Victoria 5 832.6 5 957.5 6 093.0 6 244.9 6 386.6
Queensland 4 685.4 4 747.3 4 804.9 4 883.8 4 962.6
South Australia 1 678.1 1 693.1 1 705.9 1 717.4 1 728.3
Western Australia 2 502.2 2 528.6 2 547.7 2 563.7 2 582.9
Tasmania  513.0  514.0  515.7  519.8  525.1
Northern Territory  242.3  242.8  244.1  246.2  246.8
Australian Capital Territory  386.3  392.0  398.9  407.5  416.3
Australia 23 297.8 23 640.3 23 984.6 24 389.7 24 775.6
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.5
Victoria 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.3
Queensland 1.6 1.3 1.2 1.6 1.6
South Australia 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
Western Australia 1.8 1.1 0.8 0.6 0.7
Tasmania 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.8 1.0
Northern Territory 1.5 0.2 0.6 0.9 0.3
Australian Capital Territory 1.7 1.5 1.8 2.2 2.2
Australia 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.6
           
(a) Estimated resident population numbers are as at December of each year.
Note: December 2018 data is due for release in June 2019.
Source: ABS, Australian Demographic Statistics, cat. no. 3101.0

8.2 Apparent school retention rates

Capped apparent retention rates from Year 7/8 to Year 12, 2018

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Apparent retention rates from Year 10 to Year 12 (a)      
New South Wales 77.5 77.5 77.2 77.5 76.3
Victoria 84.1 84.8 85.0 85.3 84.7
Queensland 85.9 86.7 87.3 87.8 87.8
South Australia 89.9 92.2 94.5 91.7 90.8
Western Australia 85.9 81.0 80.5 83.1 85.0
Tasmania 69.4 72.1 70.8 71.5 73.2
Northern Territory 68.1 63.8 64.2 70.2 65.1
Australian Capital Territory 92.4 95.1 92.2 92.1 90.0
Australia 82.5 82.7 82.9 83.3 82.8
           
Apparent retention rates from Year 7/8 to Year 12 (b)      
New South Wales 78.1 78.2 78.4 78.9 77.8
Victoria 85.2 86.4 87.9 88.5 88.7
Queensland 87.1 88.4 88.6 89.1 89.2
South Australia 93.0 95.7 97.5 94.7 94.6
Western Australia 89.3 82.8 80.3 82.3 83.3
Tasmania 68.4 71.7 70.4 71.5 74.0
Northern Territory 59.6 53.7 56.7 58.6 52.5
Australian Capital Territory 94.6 96.6 94.0 94.8 92.8
Australia 83.6 84.0 84.3 84.8 84.5
           
(a) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the commencement of their Year 10 schooling.
(b) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the commencement of their secondary schooling.
Source: ABS, Schools, cat. no. 4221.0, 2018

8.3 General practice bulk billing

Bulk billing rate , 2017–18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
General practice bulk billing rate (a) – per cent      
New South Wales   87.6   88.2   88.6   88.7   88.9
Victoria   83.1   84.0   84.8   85.2   85.4
Queensland   82.8   83.7   84.5   85.4   85.9
South Australia   82.3   83.3   84.0   84.8   84.9
Western Australia   75.3   77.8   80.1   82.4   84.0
Tasmania   77.0   77.3   76.7   76.5   76.4
Northern Territory   80.7   84.5   87.4   88.9   89.7
Australian Capital Territory   57.0   57.9   60.0   61.8   63.0
Australia   83.4   84.3   85.1   85.7   86.1
           
(a) Proportion of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse), enhanced primary care and other non-referred attendances that are bulk billed.
Note: This data is only published on a financial year basis.
Source: Department of Health and Ageing,  Annual Medicare Statistics, 2017-18

Glossary

Apparent school retention rate. The number of full-time school students in a designated level/year of education expressed as a percentage of their respective cohort group (which is either at the commencement of their secondary schooling or Year 10). For a discussion of ‘apparent’ retention rates compared to actual retention rates, see the ABS source publication, Schools, Australia, 2014 (cat. no. 4221.0) explanatory notes.

Average weekly earnings. Average gross (before tax) earnings of employees.

Average weekly ordinary time earnings. Weekly earnings attributed to award, standard or agreed hours of work.

Business investment. Private gross fixed capital formation for machinery and equipment; non-dwelling construction; livestock; and intangible fixed assets.

Consumer price index. A measure of change in the price of a basket of goods and services from a base period. Changes in the consumer price index are the most commonly used measures of inflation.

Employed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, worked for one hour or more for pay or worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a family farm.

General government sector. Government departments and other entities that provide largely non-market public services and are funded mainly through taxes and other compulsory levies.

General government sector net debt. Selected liabilities (deposits held plus proceeds from advances plus borrowing) minus selected assets (cash and deposits plus investments plus advances outstanding) of the general government sector.

General government sector fiscal balance. The financing requirement of the general government sector. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position.

General practice bulk billing rate. The percentage of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse) that are bulk billed.

Gross domestic product. The total market value of goods and services produced within Australia, after deducting the cost of goods and services used up in the process of production but before deducting for depreciation.

Gross state product. Equivalent to gross domestic product except it refers to production within a state or territory rather than to the nation as a whole.

Gross state product—chain volume measures. Also known as real gross state product, this is a measure used to indicate change in the actual quantity of goods and services produced within a state or territory.

Gross state product per capita. The ratio of the chain volume measure of gross state product to an estimate of the resident population in the state or territory.

Job vacancy. A job available for immediate filling and for which recruitment action has been taken.

Job vacancy rate. The number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of the number of employee jobs plus the number of job vacancies.

Labour force. The employed plus the unemployed.

Labour force participation rate. The number of persons in the labour force expressed as a percentage of the civilian population aged 15 years and over.

Labour productivity. Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked, all sectors (that is, market and non-market sectors).

Male total average weekly earnings. Weekly ordinary time earnings plus weekly overtime earnings of all male employees. This measure of earnings is used in the process of benchmarking pensions.

Real average weekly earnings. Average weekly earnings adjusted for inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index.

Turnover. Includes retail sales; wholesale sales; takings from repairs, meals and hiring of goods; commissions from agency activity; and net takings from gaming machines. Turnover includes the Goods and Services Tax.

Unemployed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, were not employed but had actively looked for work in the previous four weeks and were available to start work.

Unemployment rate. The number of unemployed persons expressed as a percentage of the labour force.

Wage price index. A measure of change in the price of labour (that is, wages, salaries and overtime) unaffected by changes in the quality or quantity of work performed.

 

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