State Statistical Bulletin 2017-18

29 October 2018

PDF version [694KB]

Gregory O'Brien
Statistics and Mapping Section

Executive summary

  • This paper, a companion to the Monthly Statistical Bulletin published by the Parliamentary Library, provides tables and charts for a broad range of social, demographic and economic indicators across all Australian states and territories, and compares these with Australian averages.
  • Each table presents data for the last five years to 2017–18 (or the latest data available), while each chart plots data for the financial year 2017–18 (or the latest data available).
  • Data used is the latest available as at October 2018.
 

Introduction

The purpose of this paper is to present a range of economic and other statistical indicators for the states and territories of Australia. To facilitate comparisons, indicators are presented in relative terms such as growth rates, percentages, or proportions of gross state product, so comparisons can be made using equivalent measures.

This publication is a companion to the Monthly Statistical Bulletin which contains Australia-wide data only, but on a more frequent basis.

A glossary of social, demographic and economic terms used in the tables is provided at the end of this publication.

Data Sources

Data sources are listed at the bottom of the page for each indicator. All data is from an original ABS series unless otherwise indicated as a trend or seasonally adjusted series.

Historical Data

Long-term data series for every table in this paper and for the Parliamentary Library’s companion publication, the Monthly Statistical Bulletin, are available electronically and can be found on the Parliamentary Library’s Monthly Statistical Bulletin and State Statistical Bulletin pages.

Contents

Executive summary

Introduction

Chapter 1: Labour Market

1.1 Employment
1.2 Unemployment
1.3 Labour force

Chapter 2: Wages and Prices

2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings (AWOTE)
2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings
2.3 Male total average weekly earnings
2.4 Female total average weekly earnings
2.5 Wage price index
2.6 Consumer price index

Chapter 3: State Accounts

3.1 Real gross state product
3.2 Real gross state product per capita
3.3 Labour productivity

Chapter 4: Business Conditions

4.1 Value of retail sales
4.2 Dwelling approvals
4.3 Business investment

Chapter 5: Housing

5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing
5.2 Home loan size

Chapter 6: Public Sector Finances

6.1 State government net debt
6.2 State government fiscal balance
6.3 State government taxation revenue

Chapter 7: Exports

7.1 International merchandise exports

Chapter 8: Social Statistics

8.1 Population
8.2 Apparent school retention rates
8.3 General practice bulk billing

 

Chapter 1: Labour Market

1.1 Employment

Annual change - per cent, 2017-18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
Number employed (a) - '000          
New South Wales 3 604.3 3 654.4 3 790.6 3 830.2 3 950.3
Victoria 2 886.2 2 960.3 3 039.6 3 159.7 3 246.2
Queensland 2 320.4 2 327.3 2 366.3 2 368.8 2 467.2
South Australia  799.7  804.0  807.7  818.2  835.7
Western Australia 1 311.9 1 325.5 1 318.4 1 306.0 1 335.6
Tasmania  233.1  239.9  239.2  241.1  248.2
Northern Territory  133.1  132.8  134.8  138.8  137.3
Australian Capital Territory  212.4  212.0  215.2  221.1  228.6
Australia 11 501.1 11 656.1 11 911.8 12 083.9 12 449.1
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 0.6 1.4 3.7 1.0 3.1
Victoria 1.0 2.6 2.7 3.9 2.7
Queensland 1.4 0.3 1.7 0.1 4.2
South Australia -1.2 0.5 0.5 1.3 2.1
Western Australia 0.0 1.0 -0.5 -0.9 2.3
Tasmania -0.3 2.9 -0.3 0.8 2.9
Northern Territory 4.2 -0.2 1.5 3.0 -1.1
Australian Capital Territory 0.0 -0.2 1.5 2.7 3.4
Australia 0.6 1.3 2.2 1.4 3.0
           
(a) Total full-time and part-time employed; Annual average of monthly data.
Source: ABS, Labour Force, cat. no. 6291.0.55.001

1.2 Unemployment

Unemployment rate - per cent, 2017-18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
Number unemployed (a) – '000          
New South Wales  217.5  229.3  216.2  199.7  200.7
Victoria  191.7  203.6  192.0  199.1  194.1
Queensland  148.9  161.6  155.4  156.2  158.7
South Australia  57.8  59.9  63.2  58.9  51.9
Western Australia  66.6  75.1  83.2  85.7  86.2
Tasmania  19.4  17.5  16.6  15.7  15.7
Northern Territory  6.1  5.7  5.8  4.9  6.0
Australian Capital Territory  8.6  10.3  10.3  8.8  9.4
Australia  716.5  763.1  742.6  729.3  722.7
           
Unemployment rate (b) – per cent          
New South Wales 5.6 5.8 5.1 4.8 4.9
Victoria 6.7 6.0 5.7 6.1 5.0
Queensland 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2
South Australia 6.7 7.7 6.8 6.4 5.7
Western Australia 5.0 6.0 6.0 5.6 6.3
Tasmania 7.3 6.5 6.5 5.9 6.0
Northern Territory 3.8 4.5 3.7 3.4 4.1
Australian Capital Territory 4.3 4.6 3.8 4.0 3.7
Australia 6.0 6.1 5.7 5.6 5.4
           
(a) Annual average of monthly data.        
(b) Number unemployed as a proportion of the labour force, trend terms, as at June of financial year  
Source: ABS, Labour Force, cat. no. 6202.0, August 2018
   

1.3 Labour force

Participation rate - per cent, 2017–18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
Labour force (a) – '000          
New South Wales 3 821.8 3 883.7 4 006.7 4 029.9 4 151.0
Victoria 3 077.9 3 164.0 3 231.6 3 358.8 3 440.3
Queensland 2 469.3 2 488.9 2 521.7 2 525.0 2 625.9
South Australia  857.5  863.9  870.9  877.1  887.6
Western Australia 1 378.5 1 400.6 1 401.7 1 391.7 1 421.7
Tasmania  252.4  257.4  255.7  256.8  263.9
Northern Territory  139.1  138.5  140.6  143.8  143.3
Australian Capital Territory  221.0  222.3  225.5  229.9  238.0
Australia 12 217.5 12 419.2 12 654.4 12 813.1 13 171.8
           
Participation rate (b) – per cent          
New South Wales 63.1 63.8 64.1 63.7 65.0
Victoria 64.6 64.7 65.3 66.2 65.5
Queensland 66.1 65.4 64.8 65.3 65.9
South Australia 62.2 62.4 61.8 62.3 62.7
Western Australia 68.0 68.7 67.5 67.7 68.5
Tasmania 60.9 60.9 59.6 61.1 61.4
Northern Territory 73.5 76.5 74.8 75.3 76.6
Australian Capital Territory 71.0 70.4 70.4 70.7 70.7
Australia 64.7 64.9 64.9 65.1 65.6
           
(a) Annual average of monthly data.        
(b) Labour force as a proportion of the civilian population aged 15 years and over, trend series, as at June.  
Source: ABS, Labour Force, cat. no. 6202.0, August 2018

Chapter 2: Wages and Prices

2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings (AWOTE)

Dollars per week, 2017–18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
AWOTE (a) (b) – $ per week          
New South Wales 1 440.1 1 502.2 1 534.2 1 540.8 1 596.0
Victoria 1 384.6 1 396.6 1 439.7 1 503.9 1 534.8
Queensland 1 430.4 1 448.9 1 453.5 1 489.1 1 534.9
South Australia 1 339.0 1 347.3 1 395.5 1 446.8 1 445.1
Western Australia 1 630.6 1 682.2 1 703.7 1 709.0 1 741.6
Tasmania 1 257.8 1 277.9 1 326.7 1 349.0 1 367.8
Northern Territory 1 433.1 1 483.7 1 561.4 1 627.5 1 658.2
Australian Capital Territory 1 667.7 1 704.6 1 720.5 1 760.6 1 806.6
Australia 1 445.6 1 480.1 1 508.3 1 538.3 1 577.5
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 2.6 4.3 2.1 0.4 3.6
Victoria 3.7 0.9 3.1 4.5 2.1
Queensland 2.4 1.3 0.3 2.4 3.1
South Australia 4.7 0.6 3.6 3.7 -0.1
Western Australia 0.8 3.2 1.3 0.3 1.9
Tasmania 0.9 1.6 3.8 1.7 1.4
Northern Territory 0.0 3.5 5.2 4.2 1.9
Australian Capital Territory -0.4 2.2 0.9 2.3 2.6
Australia 2.6 2.4 1.9 2.0 2.5
           
(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.        
(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees.    
Care should be taken when comparing average weekly earnings of states over time due to compositional changes
Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, cat. no. 6302.0, May 2018

2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings

Annual change - per cent, 2017–18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
Real AWOTE (a) (b) – $ per week          
New South Wales 1 490.0 1 525.0 1 534.2 1 510.3 1 533.0
Victoria 1 435.7 1 428.1 1 449.0 1 485.5 1 482.4
Queensland 1 485.3 1 476.7 1 458.2 1 469.2 1 488.7
South Australia 1 392.7 1 379.9 1 416.9 1 447.1 1 413.2
Western Australia 1 686.4 1 708.8 1 714.3 1 708.6 1 725.3
Tasmania 1 320.6 1 327.0 1 359.2 1 357.1 1 347.3
Northern Territory 1 459.9 1 490.9 1 566.7 1 630.9 1 645.4
Australian Capital Territory 1 743.3 1 762.0 1 765.5 1 773.2 1 777.2
Australia 1 498.5 1 508.5 1 516.3 1 520.5 1 529.7
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 0.0 2.3 0.6 -1.6 1.5
Victoria 0.9 -0.5 1.5 2.5 -0.2
Queensland -0.4 -0.6 -1.3 0.8 1.3
South Australia 2.0 -0.9 2.7 2.1 -2.3
Western Australia -2.1 1.3 0.3 -0.3 1.0
Tasmania -1.5 0.5 2.4 -0.2 -0.7
Northern Territory -3.6 2.1 5.1 4.1 0.9
Australian Capital Territory -2.5 1.1 0.2 0.4 0.2
Australia -0.1 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.6
           
(a) Annual average.          
(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees expressed in average 2015–16 dollars; converted to real terms using the Consumer Price Index.
Care should be taken when comparing average weekly earnings of states over time due to compositional changes
Sources: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, cat. no. 6302.0, May 2018; ABS, Consumer Price Index, cat. no. 6401.0, Jun 2018

2.3 Male total average weekly earnings

Dollars per week, 2017–18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
MTAWE (a) (b) – $ per week          
New South Wales 1 319.0 1 374.7 1 409.3 1 426.8 1 452.7
Victoria 1 284.0 1 275.4 1 294.4 1 332.5 1 368.5
Queensland 1 356.2 1 322.2 1 345.2 1 370.3 1 421.8
South Australia 1 279.0 1 243.8 1 250.5 1 288.9 1 269.3
Western Australia 1 629.2 1 685.0 1 634.7 1 637.7 1 649.4
Tasmania 1 115.6 1 157.6 1 163.9 1 188.5 1 248.7
Northern Territory 1 414.1 1 472.0 1 586.9 1 658.7 1 687.5
Australian Capital Territory 1 497.0 1 520.6 1 526.1 1 537.1 1 615.9
Australia 1 356.3 1 370.5 1 385.0 1 407.6 1 436.6
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 0.5 4.2 2.5 1.2 1.8
Victoria 2.9 -0.7 1.5 2.9 2.7
Queensland 0.4 -2.5 1.7 1.9 3.8
South Australia 6.6 -2.8 0.5 3.1 -1.5
Western Australia -0.7 3.4 -3.0 0.2 0.7
Tasmania 1.4 3.8 0.5 2.1 5.1
Northern Territory -3.9 4.1 7.8 4.5 1.7
Australian Capital Territory -5.9 1.6 0.4 0.7 5.1
Australia 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.6 2.1
           
(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.        
(b) Total average weekly earnings for all male employees. Not adjusted for CPI.
Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, cat. no. 6302.0, May 2018

2.4 Female total average weekly earnings

Dollars per week, 2017–18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
FTAWE (a) (b) – $ per week          
New South Wales  909.9  916.3  962.6  977.5 1 020.4
Victoria  835.1  851.4  878.5  910.0  950.8
Queensland  834.8  885.0  895.7  892.2  906.9
South Australia  839.8  854.7  825.0  866.9  886.7
Western Australia  925.2  954.6  954.2  980.4  971.5
Tasmania  763.2  781.3  774.0  818.0  829.8
Northern Territory 1 009.8 1 030.5 1 071.9 1 118.2 1 158.9
Australian Capital Territory 1 160.2 1 185.3 1 219.2 1 221.7 1 234.9
Australia  877.0  897.9  920.3  939.6  967.9
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 4.2 0.7 5.1 1.5 4.4
Victoria 1.9 2.0 3.2 3.6 4.5
Queensland 3.0 6.0 1.2 -0.4 1.7
South Australia 10.9 1.8 -3.5 5.1 2.3
Western Australia 6.5 3.2 0.0 2.7 -0.9
Tasmania -0.3 2.4 -0.9 5.7 1.4
Northern Territory 1.2 2.0 4.0 4.3 3.6
Australian Capital Territory -2.2 2.2 2.9 0.2 1.1
Australia 3.8 2.4 2.5 2.1 3.0
           
(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.        
(b) Total average weekly earnings for all female employees. Not adjusted for CPI
Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Cat. no. 6302.0, May 2018

 2.5 Wage price index

Annual change - per cent, 2017–18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
Wage price index (a) (b)          
New South Wales  117.1  119.8  122.4  124.9  127.5
Victoria  117.1  120.3  123.1  125.6  128.5
Queensland  117.7  120.5  122.8  125.1  127.9
South Australia  117.4  120.4  123.1  125.8  128.4
Western Australia  119.8  122.4  124.7  126.5  128.3
Tasmania  117.2  120.0  122.7  125.4  128.3
Northern Territory  118.3  121.4  124.1  126.7  128.3
Australian Capital Territory  117.6  119.7  121.7  124.0  126.4
Australia  117.6  120.4  123.0  125.4  127.9
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.1
Victoria 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.0 2.3
Queensland 2.6 2.4 1.9 1.9 2.2
South Australia 3.3 2.6 2.2 2.2 2.1
Western Australia 2.8 2.2 1.9 1.4 1.4
Tasmania 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.3
Northern Territory 2.7 2.6 2.2 2.1 1.3
Australian Capital Territory 2.3 1.8 1.7 1.9 1.9
Australia 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.0 2.0
           
(a) Index value at June of the financial year        
(b) Total hourly rate of pay index excluding bonuses, all sectors. Base: 2008–09 = 100.0.
Source: ABS, Wage Price Index, Cat. no. 6345.0, June 2018
 

2.6 Consumer price index

Annual change - per cent, 2017–18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
Consumer price index (a)          
Sydney  105.2  107.3  108.9  111.1  113.4
Melbourne  105.0  106.5  108.2  110.2  112.7
Brisbane  104.9  106.8  108.5  110.4  112.3
Adelaide  104.7  106.3  107.2  108.9  111.3
Perth  105.3  107.2  108.2  108.9  109.9
Hobart  103.7  104.9  106.3  108.2  110.5
Darwin  106.9  108.4  108.5  108.7  109.7
Canberra  104.2  105.3  106.1  108.1  110.7
Weighted average eight
capital cities
 105.0  106.8  108.3  110.2  112.3
           
Annual change – per cent (b)          
Sydney 2.6 1.9 1.5 2.0 2.0
Melbourne 2.8 1.4 1.6 1.9 2.3
Brisbane 2.8 1.9 1.6 1.7 1.7
Adelaide 2.6 1.6 0.9 1.5 2.3
Perth 3.0 1.8 1.0 0.6 0.9
Hobart 2.5 1.1 1.4 1.8 2.1
Darwin 3.7 1.4 0.1 0.1 1.0
Canberra 2.2 1.1 0.7 1.9 2.4
Weighted average eight
capital cities
2.7 1.7 1.4 1.7 1.9
           
(a) Annual average of quarterly data; base year for CPI is 2011-12
(b) Change in the annual averages of table above.
Source: ABS, Consumer Price Index, Cat. no. 6401.0, June 2018

Chapter 3: State Accounts

3.1 Real gross state product

Annual change - per cent, 2016–17

  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Gross state product, chain volume measures – $ million
New South Wales  498 183  507 960  522 164  542 281  557 861
Victoria  355 317  362 564  373 055  386 140  399 009
Queensland  285 936  292 155  295 602  303 352  308 709
South Australia  97 402  98 069  99 298  99 627  101 791
Western Australia  217 985  230 934  237 105  239 581  233 152
Tasmania  27 195  27 575  27 890  28 264  28 577
Northern Territory  23 049  23 576  24 003  24 461  25 427
Australian Capital Territory  33 437  33 857  34 561  35 898  37 566
Australia 1 537 561 1 576 897 1 613 972 1 659 604 1 692 092
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 2.0 2.0 2.8 3.9 2.9
Victoria 1.1 2.0 2.9 3.5 3.3
Queensland 2.8 2.2 1.2 2.6 1.8
South Australia 1.2 0.7 1.3 0.3 2.2
Western Australia 6.0 5.9 2.7 1.0 -2.7
Tasmania -0.3 1.4 1.1 1.3 1.1
Northern Territory 12.2 2.3 1.8 1.9 4.0
Australian Capital Territory 2.5 1.3 2.1 3.9 4.6
Australia 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.8 2.0
           
Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis. 2017-18 figures will be released in November 2018
Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2016-17
 

3.2 Real gross state product per capita

Annual change, 2016–17

  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Gross state product per capita, chain volume measures (a) – $    
New South Wales  67 703  68 069  68 950  70 597  71 541
Victoria  62 205  62 106  62 528  63 327  63 900
Queensland  62 008  62 308  62 191  63 024  63 212
South Australia  58 562  58 429  58 616  58 376  59 285
Western Australia  88 515  92 072  93 605  93 918  90 799
Tasmania  53 105  53 727  54 227  54 766  55 056
Northern Territory  96 264  96 994  98 682  100 083  103 763
Australian Capital Territory  87 995  87 551  88 030  89 840  92 436
Australia  67 028  67 623  68 187  69 121  69 402
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 0.6 0.5 1.3 2.4 1.3
Victoria -1.0 -0.2 0.7 1.3 0.9
Queensland 0.8 0.5 -0.2 1.3 0.3
South Australia 0.2 -0.2 0.3 -0.4 1.6
Western Australia 2.7 4.0 1.7 0.3 -3.3
Tasmania -0.4 1.2 0.9 1.0 0.5
Northern Territory 9.1 0.8 1.7 1.4 3.7
Australian Capital Territory 0.3 -0.5 0.5 2.1 2.9
Australia 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.4 0.4
           
Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis. 2017-18 figures will be released in November 2018
Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2016-17
 

3.3 Labour productivity

Gross State Product per hour worked, 2016-17, $

  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Gross State Product per hour worked, $      
New South Wales 359.6 357.8 369.3 361.7 378.8
Victoria 332.2 325.8 335.3 329.5 332.9
Queensland 318.4 311.1 320.4 321.9 334.1
South Australia 323.0 319.0 325.6 325.9 333.7
Western Australia 418.9 437.1 449.3 460.2 461.7
Tasmania 323.5 320.3 319.0 316.0 323.9
Northern Territory 429.1 415.3 426.7 422.1 444.0
Australian Capital Territory 423.5 425.0 435.4 436.2 460.1
Australia 350.1 348.1 358.3 355.4 365.3
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 0.3 -0.5 3.2 -2.1 4.7
Victoria 0.5 -1.9 2.9 -1.7 1.0
Queensland 4.0 -2.3 3.0 0.5 3.8
South Australia 1.6 -1.2 2.1 0.1 2.4
Western Australia 3.9 4.3 2.8 2.4 0.3
Tasmania 1.7 -1.0 -0.4 -0.9 2.5
Northern Territory 9.0 -3.2 2.7 -1.1 5.2
Australian Capital Territory 2.3 0.3 2.4 0.2 5.5
Australia 2.0 -0.6 2.9 -0.8 2.8
           
(a) Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked, all sectors (i.e. market and non-market sectors).
Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis. 2017-18 figures will be released in November 2018
Source: ABS, Australian national accounts: state accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2016-17; ABS, Labour force, detailed, cat. no. 6291.0.55.001, January 2018

Chapter 4: Business Conditions

4.1 Value of retail sales

Annual change - per cent, 2017–18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
Value (a) – $ million          
New South Wales  84 934  91 261  96 088  99 281  102 074
Victoria  67 531  71 228  75 235  77 704  81 125
Queensland  57 013  58 573  60 162  61 883  62 498
South Australia  17 838  18 654  19 400  20 160  20 794
Western Australia  32 399  33 258  33 968  34 035  33 976
Tasmania  5 411  5 637  5 910  6 128  6 301
Northern Territory  3 047  3 071  3 120  3 125  3 155
Australian Capital Territory  4 940  5 130  5 410  5 676  5 803
Australia  273 112  286 812  299 293  307 993  315 725
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 6.3 7.4 5.3 3.3 2.8
Victoria 4.9 5.5 5.6 3.3 4.4
Queensland 4.4 2.7 2.7 2.9 1.0
South Australia 3.1 4.6 4.0 3.9 3.1
Western Australia 1.6 2.7 2.1 0.2 -0.2
Tasmania 7.1 4.2 4.8 3.7 2.8
Northern Territory 5.6 0.8 1.6 0.2 1.0
Australian Capital Territory 1.9 3.8 5.5 4.9 2.2
Australia 4.7 5.0 4.4 2.9 2.5
           
Source: ABS, Retail Trade Australia, Cat. no.  8501.0, August 2018

4.2 Dwelling approvals

Annual change - per cent, 2017–18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
Number (a)          
New South Wales  54 095  63 419  73 458  72 988  71 857
Victoria  54 842  67 672  68 082  65 343  75 791
Queensland  39 271  46 704  51 106  43 149  42 876
South Australia  11 651  11 400  12 591  11 544  12 822
Western Australia  30 895  32 707  24 649  20 367  18 449
Tasmania  2 184  2 872  2 427  2 248  2 848
Northern Territory  2 138  1 814  1 703   912   773
Australian Capital Territory  4 636  4 261  4 710  5 524  5 645
Australia  199 712  230 849  238 726  222 075  231 061
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 26.3 17.2 15.8 -0.6 -1.5
Victoria 12.2 23.4 0.6 -4.0 16.0
Queensland 27.8 18.9 9.4 -15.6 -0.6
South Australia 28.5 -2.2 10.4 -8.3 11.1
Western Australia 20.5 5.9 -24.6 -17.4 -9.4
Tasmania 15.1 31.5 -15.5 -7.4 26.7
Northern Territory -2.4 -15.2 -6.1 -46.4 -15.2
Australian Capital Territory 21.9 -8.1 10.5 17.3 2.2
Australia 21.0 15.6 3.4 -7.0 4.0
           
(a) Houses and other dwellings (e.g. flats) intended for long-term residential use; includes both private and public sector dwellings.
Source: ABS, Building Approvals, Cat. no. 8731.0, August 2018

4.3 Business investment

Annual change - per cent, 2016-17

  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Chain volume measures (a) – $ million          
New South Wales  58 412  53 034  54 357  55 688  55 447
Victoria  35 746  39 346  42 154  42 576  43 423
Queensland  72 027  69 876  53 481  40 225  40 286
South Australia  12 419  12 322  12 657  11 318  8 863
Western Australia  80 473  72 824  65 802  53 267  38 018
Tasmania  2 440  2 352  2 493  2 352  2 438
Northern Territory  10 562  10 335  9 161  6 962  9 071
Australian Capital Territory  2 616  2 230  2 282  2 353  2 442
Australia  274 502  262 184  242 403  214 741  199 989
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 7.3 -9.2 2.5 2.4 -0.4
Victoria -8.1 10.1 7.1 1.0 2.0
Queensland 5.8 -3.0 -23.5 -24.8 0.2
South Australia 0.5 -0.8 2.7 -10.6 -21.7
Western Australia 5.6 -9.5 -9.6 -19.0 -28.6
Tasmania -17.1 -3.6 6.0 -5.7 3.7
Northern Territory 103.5 -2.1 -11.4 -24.0 30.3
Australian Capital Territory 4.0 -14.8 2.3 3.1 3.8
Australia 5.3 -4.5 -7.5 -11.4 -6.9
           
(a) Private business gross fixed capital formation for other buildings and structures, machinery and equipment, livestock and intangible fixed assets.
Note: State Accounts data is only available for financial years. 2017-18 figures will be released in November 2018
Source: Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2016-17

Chapter 5: Housing

5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing

Annual change - per cent, 2017–18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
Value (a) – $ million          
New South Wales  61 539  69 298  90 279  87 313  90 839
Victoria  49 018  53 737  67 300  67 811  76 169
Queensland  34 191  37 017  39 949  41 376  41 380
South Australia  10 886  11 326  12 698  13 024  12 684
Western Australia  28 530  28 266  26 206  23 470  21 294
Tasmania  2 360  2 409  2 531  2 877  3 087
Northern Territory  1 561  1 577  1 288  1 129  1 033
Australian Capital Territory  3 609  3 919  4 493  4 616  5 121
Australia  191 694  207 548  244 744  241 615  251 607
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 15.1 12.6 30.3 -3.3 4.0
Victoria 7.4 9.6 25.2 0.8 12.3
Queensland 13.4 8.3 7.9 3.6 0.0
South Australia 18.2 4.0 12.1 2.6 -2.6
Western Australia 12.8 -0.9 -7.3 -10.4 -9.3
Tasmania 22.0 2.1 5.1 13.6 7.3
Northern Territory 11.0 1.0 -18.3 -12.3 -8.5
Australian Capital Territory 18.8 8.6 14.7 2.7 11.0
Australia 12.7 8.3 17.9 -1.3 4.1
           
(a) Lending commitments by all types of lenders for the construction and purchase of new or established owner occupied dwellings.
Source: ABS, Housing Finance, Cat. no. 5609.0, August 2018

5.2 Home loan size

Average home loan size, 2017-18 - $'000s

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
           
Average size of new owner-occupied home loan (a) – $'000      
New South Wales 350.2 378.2 430.5 435.0 450.2
Victoria 314.3 334.0 373.3 376.0 397.2
Queensland 286.1 298.5 312.8 320.7 332.3
South Australia 251.6 262.7 276.9 285.1 297.5
Western Australia 314.9 332.8 334.3 334.4 343.1
Tasmania 214.1 215.3 226.4 234.8 251.0
Northern Territory 335.2 331.7 320.7 314.4 311.7
Australian Capital Territory 322.5 331.1 356.8 367.8 374.8
Australia 313.2 332.7 365.4 369.2 385.9
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 4.9 8.0 13.8 1.0 3.5
Victoria 4.7 6.3 11.7 0.7 5.6
Queensland 1.5 4.3 4.8 2.5 3.6
South Australia 1.8 4.4 5.4 3.0 4.4
Western Australia 5.9 5.7 0.5 0.0 2.6
Tasmania 0.1 0.6 5.2 3.7 6.9
Northern Territory 2.8 -1.1 -3.3 -2.0 -0.8
Australian Capital Territory -4.4 2.7 7.8 3.1 1.9
Australia 3.8 6.2 9.8 1.0 4.5
           
(a) Includes refinancing, but excludes alterations and additions and refinancing. Comprises construction of new dwellings and purchase of new and established dwellings
Source: ABS, Housing Finance, Cat. no. 5609.0, August 2018

Chapter 6: Public Sector Finances

6.1 State government net debt

Percentage of gross state product, 2016–17

  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
General government sector net debt (a) – $ million      
New South Wales 11 703 6 703 5 453  195 -9 060
Victoria 19 927 21 262 22 327 22 306 15 762
Queensland 2 513 5 184 5 752  634 - 301
South Australia 5 251 7 099 3 943 4 351 6 070
Western Australia 4 742 6 973 9 306 13 717 18 820
Tasmania - 220 - 208 - 537 - 746 - 791
Northern Territory 1 805 1 786 1 109  744 1 161
Australian Capital Territory -2 504 -2 714 -2 427 -1 789 -2 287
Total 43 217 46 086 44 926 39 412 29 373
           
General government sector net debt – percentage of gross state product    
New South Wales 2.4 1.3 1.1 0.0 -1.6
Victoria 5.8 6.0 6.0 5.8 3.9
Queensland 0.9 1.8 1.9 0.2 -0.1
South Australia 5.5 7.3 4.0 4.4 5.9
Western Australia 1.9 2.6 3.7 5.7 7.6
Tasmania -0.8 -0.8 -1.9 -2.6 -2.7
Northern Territory 7.8 7.3 4.5 3.0 4.5
Australian Capital Territory -7.7 -8.2 -7.1 -5.0 -6.0
Total (b) 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.4 1.7
           
(a) Selected liabilities minus selected assets of the general government sector. A positive sign therefore indicates that selected liabilities exceed selected assets; a negative sign indicates that selected assets exceed selected liabilities.
(b) Total or aggregate net debt for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross state product at current prices.
Note: 2017-18 data will be available around April 2019.      
Sources: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, cat. no. 5512.0, 2016-17;  Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat, no. 5220.0, 2016-17

6.2 State government fiscal balance

Percentage of gross state product, 2016–17

  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
General government sector fiscal balance (a) – $ million      
New South Wales -3 571 -1 346  612  339  354
Victoria -2 704 1 104 - 423  55 -2 291
Queensland -7 738 -2 585 - 659 - 478 1 448
South Australia -1 001 -1 699 - 122  94 -2 334
Western Australia -1 853 -1 127 -1 916 -3 441 -3 986
Tasmania - 150 - 159 - 55  48  683
Northern Territory - 367 - 101 - 121 - 22 - 469
Australian Capital Territory - 755 - 575 - 912 - 628 - 209
Total (b) -18 139 -6 490 -3 597 -4 044 -6 806
           
General government sector fiscal balance – percentage of gross state product    
New South Wales -0.7 -0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1
Victoria -0.8 0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.6
Queensland -2.7 -0.9 -0.2 -0.2 0.4
South Australia -1.1 -1.7 -0.1 0.1 -2.3
Western Australia -0.8 -0.4 -0.8 -1.4 -1.6
Tasmania -0.6 -0.6 -0.2 0.2 2.3
Northern Territory -1.6 -0.4 -0.5 -0.1 -1.8
Australian Capital Territory -2.3 -1.7 -2.7 -1.7 -0.5
Total (c) -1.2 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2 -0.4
           
(a) The financing requirement of government. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position.
(b) The sum of all state and territory jurisdictions may not agree with the total, due to transfers between jurisdictions.
(c) Total or aggregate fiscal balance for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross state product.
Note: 2017-18 data will be available around April 2019.      
Sources: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, cat. no. 5512.0, 2016-17
 

6.3 State government taxation revenue

Dollars per capita, 2016–17

  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
General government sector taxation revenue – $ million      
New South Wales 22 166 24 104 26 461 29 811 31 391
Victoria 15 629 16 994 18 436 20 031 21 566
Queensland 10 960 11 846 12 575 12 547 12 919
South Australia 4 112 4 107 4 393 4 438 4 445
Western Australia 8 203 8 628 8 806 9 026 8 527
Tasmania  925  957 1 012 1 068 1 103
Northern Territory  491  566  715  608  610
Australian Capital Territory 1 237 1 296 1 377 1 568 1 695
Total (a) 63 722 68 498 73 774 79 097 82 255
           
General government sector taxation revenue per capita - $      
New South Wales 2 994 3 210 3 474 3 855 3 990
Victoria 2 707 2 883 3 061 3 245 3 412
Queensland 2 356 2 510 2 632 2 590 2 621
South Australia 2 460 2 435 2 583 2 591 2 579
Western Australia 3 298 3 427 3 466 3 531 3 312
Tasmania 1 806 1 863 1 965 2 064 2 112
Northern Territory 2 031 2 330 2 922 2 475 2 463
Australian Capital Territory 3 228 3 333 3 479 3 890 4 114
Total (b) 2 755 2 918 3 098 3 270 3 344
           
(a) Total is the sum of taxation revenue of all states, not taxation revenue for Australia.    
(b) Total is the quotient of total taxation revenue (a) and the population of Australia. This is not equivalent to the taxation revenue per capita for Australia.
Note: 2017-18 data will be released around April 2019.
Source: ABS, Taxation Revenue, cat. no. 5506.0, 2016-17

Chapter 7: Exports

7.1 International merchandise exports

Percentage of gross state product, 2016–17

  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Merchandise exports (a) – $ million          
New South Wales  37 044  36 599  37 032  36 193  44 078
Victoria  21 710  23 964  23 609  23 323  24 729
Queensland  44 433  44 813  46 488  47 867  66 485
South Australia  10 711  12 354  11 322  11 567  11 432
Western Australia  115 588  130 426  110 775  99 635  120 398
Tasmania  3 026  2 753  2 542  2 848  2 758
Northern Territory  5 958  6 804  6 177  4 701  4 898
Australian Capital Territory   7   1   6   14   21
Australia (b)  246 978  272 922  254 552  243 423  290 880
           
Merchandise exports – percentage of gross state product      
New South Wales   7.6   7.3   7.2   6.7   7.6
Victoria   6.3   6.7   6.4   6.0   6.1
Queensland   15.8   15.5   15.7   15.8   20.3
South Australia   11.2   12.6   11.4   11.6   11.1
Western Australia   46.9   48.5   44.1   41.6   48.6
Tasmania   11.4   10.1   9.2   10.1   9.4
Northern Territory   25.8   27.9   25.3   19.2   18.9
Australian Capital Territory   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.1
Australia (b)   16.1   17.1   15.7   14.7   16.6
           
(a) State in which the final stage of manufacture or production occurs. FOB value.
(b) Includes re-exports and state figures not available for publication. Australian total, therefore, may not equal sum of states and territories.
Note: This table is based on national accounts data.
Sources: ABS, International Trade in Goods and Services, cat. no. 5368.0; ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2016-17

Chapter 8: Social Statistics

8.1 Population

Annual change - per cent, 2016–17

  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Population (a) – '000          
New South Wales 7 508.4 7 404.0 7 508.4 7 616.2 7 732.9
Victoria 5 894.9 5 772.7 5 894.9 6 022.3 6 173.2
Queensland 4 719.7 4 652.8 4 719.7 4 777.7 4 845.2
South Australia 1 686.9 1 671.5 1 686.9 1 700.7 1 712.8
Western Australia 2 517.6 2 486.9 2 517.6 2 540.7 2 556.0
Tasmania  513.6  512.2  513.6  515.1  517.5
Northern Territory  242.9  241.7  242.9  244.7  245.7
Australian Capital Territory  388.8  383.3  388.8  395.8  403.1
Australia 23 475.7 23 128.1 23 475.7 23 816.0 24 190.9
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.7
Victoria 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.5 2.4
Queensland 1.8 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.7
South Australia 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
Western Australia 2.5 1.2 0.9 0.6 0.7
Tasmania 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.9
Northern Territory 2.5 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.8
Australian Capital Territory 1.8 1.4 1.8 1.8 2.2
Australia 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.7
           
(a) Estimated resident population numbers are as at June of each year.
Source: ABS, Australian Demographic Statistics, Cat. no. 3101.0, March 2018

8.2 Apparent school retention rates

Capped apparent retention rates from Year 7/8 to Year 12, 2017

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Apparent retention rates from Year 10 to Year 12 (a)          
New South Wales 76.7 75.5 75.8 77.5 77.5
Victoria 82.0 81.2 83.1 84.1 84.8
Queensland 81.8 82.2 84.0 85.9 86.7
South Australia 83.9 86.3 87.8 89.9 92.2
Western Australia 76.4 77.8 81.0 85.9 81.0
Tasmania 70.0 67.1 67.8 69.4 72.1
Northern Territory 62.9 62.1 62.9 68.1 63.8
Australian Capital Territory 90.0 89.3 90.4 92.4 95.1
Australia 79.5 79.3 80.7 82.5 82.7
           
Apparent retention rates from Year 7/8 to Year 12 (b)          
New South Wales 74.6 75.0 76.7 78.1 78.2
Victoria 82.0 82.2 83.7 85.2 86.4
Queensland 83.0 83.7 85.2 87.1 88.4
South Australia 86.3 88.8 90.6 93.0 95.7
Western Australia 78.4 79.5 82.2 89.3 82.8
Tasmania 69.8 67.6 68.7 68.4 71.7
Northern Territory 55.3 55.6 55.8 59.6 53.7
Australian Capital Territory 89.4 89.8 91.6 94.6 96.6
Australia 79.3 79.9 81.6 83.6 84.0
           
(a) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the commencement of their Year 10 schooling.
(b) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the commencement of their secondary schooling.
Source: ABS, Schools, cat. no. 4221.0, 2017
 

8.3 General practice bulk billing

Bulk billing rate , 2017–18

  2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
General practice bulk billing rate (a) – per cent      
New South Wales   87.6   88.2   88.6   88.7   88.9
Victoria   83.1   84.0   84.8   85.2   85.4
Queensland   82.8   83.7   84.5   85.4   85.9
South Australia   82.3   83.3   84.0   84.8   84.9
Western Australia   75.3   77.8   80.1   82.4   84.0
Tasmania   77.0   77.3   76.7   76.5   76.4
Northern Territory   80.7   84.5   87.4   88.9   89.7
Australian Capital Territory   57.0   57.9   60.0   61.8   63.0
Australia   83.4   84.3   85.1   85.7   86.1
           
(a) Proportion of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse), enhanced primary care and other non-referred attendances that are bulk billed.
Note: This data is only published on a financial year basis.
Source: Department of Health and Ageing,  Annual Medicare Statistics, 2017-18

Glossary

Apparent school retention rate. The number of full-time school students in a designated level/year of education expressed as a percentage of their respective cohort group (which is either at the commencement of their secondary schooling or Year 10). For a discussion of ‘apparent’ retention rates compared to actual retention rates, see the ABS source publication, Schools, Australia, 2014 (cat. no. 4221.0) explanatory notes.

Average weekly earnings. Average gross (before tax) earnings of employees.

Average weekly ordinary time earnings. Weekly earnings attributed to award, standard or agreed hours of work.

Bankruptcies. Bankruptcies and Administration Orders under Parts IV and XI of the Bankruptcy Act 1966.

Business investment. Private gross fixed capital formation for machinery and equipment; non-dwelling construction; livestock; and intangible fixed assets.

Consumer price index. A measure of change in the price of a basket of goods and services from a base period. Changes in the consumer price index are the most commonly used measures of inflation.

Dependency ratio. Ratio of the economically inactive to economically active population. Shows the number of children aged 0–14 years and persons aged 65 years and over, per 100 persons aged 15–64 years.

Employed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, worked for one hour or more for pay or worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a family farm.

General government sector. Government departments and other entities that provide largely non-market public services and are funded mainly through taxes and other compulsory levies.

General government sector net debt. Selected liabilities (deposits held plus proceeds from advances plus borrowing) minus selected assets (cash and deposits plus investments plus advances outstanding) of the general government sector.

General government sector fiscal balance. The financing requirement of the general government sector. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position.

General practice bulk billing rate. The percentage of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse) that are bulk billed.

Gross domestic product. The total market value of goods and services produced within Australia, after deducting the cost of goods and services used up in the process of production but before deducting for depreciation.

Gross state product. Equivalent to gross domestic product except it refers to production within a state or territory rather than to the nation as a whole.

Gross state product—chain volume measures. Also known as real gross state product, this is a measure used to indicate change in the actual quantity of goods and services produced within a state or territory.

Gross state product per capita. The ratio of the chain volume measure of gross state product to an estimate of the resident population in the state or territory.

Job vacancy. A job available for immediate filling and for which recruitment action has been taken.

Job vacancy rate. The number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of the number of employee jobs plus the number of job vacancies.

Labour force. The employed plus the unemployed.

Labour force participation rate. The number of persons in the labour force expressed as a percentage of the civilian population aged 15 years and over.

Labour productivity. Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked, all sectors (that is, market and non-market sectors).

Long-term unemployed. Persons unemployed for a period of 52 weeks or more.

Male total average weekly earnings. Weekly ordinary time earnings plus weekly overtime earnings of all male employees. This measure of earnings is used in the process of benchmarking pensions.

Real average weekly earnings. Average weekly earnings adjusted for inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index.

Total fertility rate. The average number of children females will bear during their lifetime.

Turnover. Includes retail sales; wholesale sales; takings from repairs, meals and hiring of goods; commissions from agency activity; and net takings from gaming machines. Turnover includes the Goods and Services Tax.

Unemployed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, were not employed but had actively looked for work in the previous four weeks and were available to start work.

Unemployment rate. The number of unemployed persons expressed as a percentage of the labour force.

Wage price index. A measure of change in the price of labour (that is, wages, salaries and overtime) unaffected by changes in the quality or quantity of work performed.

Youth unemployment. Number of 15–24 year olds looking for full-time work.

Youth unemployment rate. Number of 15–24 year olds looking for full-time work expressed as a percentage of the full-time labour force in the same age group.

 

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