State Statistical Bulletin 2015-16

7 July 2017

PDF version [710KB]

Gregory O'Brien
Statistics and Mapping

Executive summary

  • This paper, a companion to the Monthly Statistical Bulletin published by the Parliamentary Library, provides tables and charts for a broad range of social, demographic and economic indicators across all Australian states and territories, and compares these to Australian averages.
  • Each table presents data for the last five years to 2015–16, while each chart plots data for the financial year 2015–16.

 

Contents

Executive summary

Introduction

Chapter 1: Labour Market

1.1 Employment
1.2 Unemployment
1.3 Labour force

Chapter 2: Wages and Prices

2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings
2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings
2.3 Male total average weekly earnings
2.4 Female total average weekly earnings
2.5 Wage price index
2.6 Consumer price index

Chapter 3: State Accounts

3.1 Real gross state product
3.2 Real gross state product per capita
3.3 Labour productivity

Chapter 4: Business Conditions

4.1 Value of retail sales
4.2 Passenger vehicle sales
4.3 Dwelling approvals
4.4 Business investment

Chapter 5: Housing

5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing
5.2 Home loan size

Chapter 6: Public Sector Finances

6.1 State government net debt
6.2 State government fiscal balance
6.3 State government taxation revenue

Chapter 7: Exports

7.1 International merchandise exports

Chapter 8: Social Statistics

8.1 Population
8.2 Apparent school retention rates
8.3 General practice bulk billing

 

Introduction

The purpose of this paper is to present a range of economic and other statistical indicators for the states and territories of Australia. To facilitate comparisons, indicators are presented in relative terms such as growth rates, percentages, or proportions of gross state product, so comparisons can be made using equivalent measures.

This publication is a companion to the Monthly Statistical Bulletin which contains Australia-wide data only, but on a more frequent basis.

A glossary of social, demographic and economic terms used in the tables is provided at the end of this publication.

Data Sources

Data sources are listed at the bottom of the page for each indicator. All data is from an original ABS series unless otherwise indicated as a trend or seasonally adjusted series.

Historical Data

Long-term data series for every table in this paper and for the Parliamentary Library’s companion publication, the Monthly Statistical Bulletin, are available electronically and can be found on the Parliamentary Library’s Monthly Statistical Bulletin and State Statistical Bulletin pages.

Note: These links can only be accessed by Senators, Members and parliamentary staff.

 

Chapter 1: Labour Market

1.1 Employment

Annual change - per cent, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
Number employed (a) – '000          
New South Wales 3 522.0 3 580.8 3 598.7 3 646.6 3 781.0
Victoria 2 820.1 2 842.7 2 859.1 2 921.9 2 989.0
Queensland 2 284.3 2 287.0 2 318.3 2 324.3 2 360.6
South Australia  809.0  809.6  799.4  803.5  807.0
Western Australia 1 276.5 1 322.0 1 328.6 1 348.7 1 349.5
Tasmania  236.1  233.7  232.8  239.7  239.1
Northern Territory  122.6  127.2  132.2  131.4  133.3
Australian Capital Territory  208.2  211.2  210.4  209.1  211.2
Australia 11 278.8 11 414.3 11 479.4 11 625.2 11 870.6
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 0.7 1.7 0.5 1.3 3.7
Victoria 0.8 0.8 0.6 2.2 2.3
Queensland 1.3 0.1 1.4 0.3 1.6
South Australia 0.5 0.1 -1.3 0.5 0.4
Western Australia 4.3 3.6 0.5 1.5 0.1
Tasmania -1.3 -1.0 -0.4 3.0 -0.3
Northern Territory 1.3 3.7 3.9 -0.6 1.4
Australian Capital Territory 0.4 1.5 -0.4 -0.6 1.0
Australia 1.2 1.2 0.6 1.3 2.1
           
           
(a) Total full-time and part-time employed; Annual average of monthly data.
Source: ABS, Labour Force, Cat. no. 6291.0.55.001, May 2017

 

1.2 Unemployment

Unemployment rate - per cent, 2015-16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
Number unemployed (a) – '000        
New South Wales  192.2  197.6  217.1  229.2  216.2
Victoria  159.9  170.4  189.3  200.1  188.2
Queensland  133.1  143.8  148.6  161.6  156.0
South Australia  45.6  49.5  57.8  59.7  63.0
Western Australia  53.5  61.3  67.6  76.8  85.5
Tasmania  15.9  18.2  19.4  17.6  16.6
Northern Territory  5.6  6.2  6.1  5.8  5.8
Australian Capital Territory  8.1  9.1  8.3  9.9  9.9
Australia  613.9  656.1  714.3  760.8  741.4
           
Unemployment rate (b) – per cent        
New South Wales 5.0 5.6 5.7 5.9 5.1
Victoria 5.5 5.7 6.6 6.1 5.7
Queensland 5.6 5.9 6.3 6.3 6.3
South Australia 5.5 6.2 6.7 7.7 6.8
Western Australia 3.7 4.9 5.0 5.9 6.0
Tasmania 6.9 7.9 7.3 6.6 6.5
Northern Territory 4.2 5.7 4.3 4.5 3.6
Australian Capital Territory 3.7 4.0 4.2 4.5 3.6
Australia 5.2 5.7 6.0 6.1 5.7
           
           
(a) Annual average of monthly data.        
(b) Number unemployed as a proportion of the labour force, trend terms, as at June of financial year  
Source: ABS, Labour Force, Cat. no. 6202.0        

 

1.3 Labour force

Participation rate - per cent, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
Labour force (a) – '000          
New South Wales 3 714.2 3 778.4 3 815.9 3 875.7 3 997.2
Victoria 2 980.0 3 013.1 3 048.4 3 122.1 3 177.1
Queensland 2 417.4 2 430.8 2 466.9 2 485.9 2 516.6
South Australia  854.6  859.0  857.1  863.2  870.0
Western Australia 1 330.0 1 383.3 1 396.2 1 425.6 1 435.0
Tasmania  252.0  251.9  252.2  257.3  255.7
Northern Territory  128.2  133.4  138.3  137.2  139.1
Australian Capital Territory  216.2  220.4  218.7  219.1  221.2
Australia 11 892.7 12 070.3 12 193.7 12 386.0 12 611.9
           
Participation rate (b) – per cent        
New South Wales 63.0 63.7 63.0 63.7 64.1
Victoria 65.4 64.9 64.5 64.7 65.1
Queensland 66.5 65.6 66.2 65.3 64.7
South Australia 62.7 62.8 62.3 62.5 62.0
Western Australia 69.1 68.4 68.0 68.6 67.6
Tasmania 60.3 60.3 60.9 60.9 59.6
Northern Territory 73.4 74.6 74.2 76.0 74.5
Australian Capital Territory 72.7 72.1 70.9 70.3 70.1
Australia 65.1 65.0 64.7 64.9 64.8
           
           
(a) Annual average of monthly data.        
(b) Labour force as a proportion of the civilian population aged 15 years and over, trend series, as at June  
Source: ABS, Labour Force, cat. no. 6202.0

 

Chapter 2: Wages and Prices

2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings (AWOTE)

Dollars per week, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
AWOTE (a) (b) – $ per week          
New South Wales 1 338.8 1 403.4 1 440.1 1 502.2 1 534.2
Victoria 1 294.8 1 334.8 1 384.6 1 396.6 1 439.7
Queensland 1 311.2 1 396.9 1 430.4 1 448.9 1 453.5
South Australia 1 225.7 1 279.2 1 339.0 1 347.3 1 395.5
Western Australia 1 520.4 1 617.7 1 630.6 1 682.2 1 703.7
Tasmania 1 186.4 1 246.2 1 257.8 1 277.9 1 326.7
Northern Territory 1 393.7 1 433.4 1 433.1 1 483.7 1 561.4
Australian Capital Territory 1 571.4 1 673.6 1 667.7 1 704.6 1 720.5
Australia 1 339.7 1 408.5 1 445.6 1 480.1 1 508.3
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 2.8 4.8 2.6 4.3 2.1
Victoria 3.8 3.1 3.7 0.9 3.1
Queensland 3.2 6.5 2.4 1.3 0.3
South Australia 4.1 4.4 4.7 0.6 3.6
Western Australia 5.4 6.4 0.8 3.2 1.3
Tasmania 4.7 5.0 0.9 1.6 3.8
Northern Territory 8.9 2.8 0.0 3.5 5.2
Australian Capital Territory 5.8 6.5 -0.4 2.2 0.9
Australia 3.9 5.1 2.6 2.4 1.9
           
           
(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.        
(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees.    
Care should be taken when comparing average weekly earnings of states over time due to compositional changes
Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Cat. no.6302.0

 

2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings

Annual change - per cent, 2015–16

  2012-13 2013-14 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
Real AWOTE (a) (b) – $ per week        
New South Wales 1 457.2 1 489.5 1 490.0 1 525.0 1 534.2
Victoria 1 409.7 1 422.6 1 435.7 1 428.1 1 449.0
Queensland 1 427.5 1 491.0 1 485.3 1 476.7 1 458.2
South Australia 1 334.1 1 364.7 1 392.7 1 379.9 1 416.9
Western Australia 1 655.7 1 722.9 1 686.4 1 708.8 1 714.3
Tasmania 1 291.4 1 341.3 1 320.6 1 327.0 1 359.2
Northern Territory 1 517.4 1 514.0 1 459.9 1 490.9 1 566.7
Australian Capital Territory 1 711.3 1 788.1 1 743.3 1 762.0 1 765.5
Australia 1 458.9 1 499.7 1 498.5 1 508.5 1 516.3
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 0.3 2.2 0.0 2.3 0.6
Victoria 1.5 0.9 0.9 -0.5 1.5
Queensland 1.3 4.4 -0.4 -0.6 -1.3
South Australia 1.4 2.3 2.0 -0.9 2.7
Western Australia 3.1 4.1 -2.1 1.3 0.3
Tasmania 2.3 3.9 -1.5 0.5 2.4
Northern Territory 6.7 -0.2 -3.6 2.1 5.1
Australian Capital Territory 3.2 4.5 -2.5 1.1 0.2
Australia 1.5 2.8 -0.1 0.7 0.5
           
           
(a) Annual average.          
(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees expressed in average 2015–16 dollars; converted to real terms using the Consumer Price Index.
Care should be taken when comparing average weekly earnings of states over time due to compositional changes
Sources: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, cat. no. 6302.0; ABS, Consumer Price Index, cat. no. 6401.0

 

2.3 Male total average weekly earnings

Dollars per week, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
MTAWE (a) (b) – $ per week          
New South Wales 1 233.8 1 312.0 1 319.0 1 374.7 1 409.3
Victoria 1 213.3 1 248.3 1 284.0 1 275.4 1 294.4
Queensland 1 270.3 1 350.2 1 356.2 1 322.2 1 345.2
South Australia 1 147.5 1 200.2 1 279.0 1 243.8 1 250.5
Western Australia 1 546.1 1 640.3 1 629.2 1 685.0 1 634.7
Tasmania 1 053.7 1 100.0 1 115.6 1 157.6 1 163.9
Northern Territory 1 408.4 1 471.6 1 414.1 1 472.0 1 586.9
Australian Capital Territory 1 501.4 1 590.6 1 497.0 1 520.6 1 526.1
Australia 1 270.1 1 340.5 1 356.3 1 370.5 1 385.0
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 3.0 6.3 0.5 4.2 2.5
Victoria 3.2 2.9 2.9 -0.7 1.5
Queensland 2.3 6.3 0.4 -2.5 1.7
South Australia 4.0 4.6 6.6 -2.8 0.5
Western Australia 6.3 6.1 -0.7 3.4 -3.0
Tasmania 4.9 4.4 1.4 3.8 0.5
Northern Territory 11.0 4.5 -3.9 4.1 7.8
Australian Capital Territory 6.6 5.9 -5.9 1.6 0.4
Australia 3.8 5.5 1.2 1.1 1.1
             
             
(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.          
(b) Total average weekly earnings for all male employees. Not adjusted for CPI.  
Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Cat. no. 6302.0  

 

2.4 Female total average weekly earnings

Dollars per week, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
FTAWE (a) (b) – $ per week          
New South Wales  834.2  873.2  909.9  916.3  962.6
Victoria  784.7  819.5  835.1  851.4  878.5
Queensland  803.4  810.6  834.8  885.0  895.7
South Australia  753.8  757.3  839.8  854.7  825.0
Western Australia  822.0  868.5  925.2  954.6  954.2
Tasmania  734.7  765.3  763.2  781.3  774.0
Northern Territory  958.4  998.0 1 009.8 1 030.5 1 071.9
Australian Capital Territory 1 150.8 1 186.0 1 160.2 1 185.3 1 219.2
Australia  815.0  845.0  877.0  897.9  920.3
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 1.4 4.7 4.2 0.7 5.1
Victoria 2.4 4.4 1.9 2.0 3.2
Queensland 1.9 0.9 3.0 6.0 1.2
South Australia 6.4 0.5 10.9 1.8 -3.5
Western Australia 8.4 5.7 6.5 3.2 0.0
Tasmania 5.8 4.2 -0.3 2.4 -0.9
Northern Territory 4.5 4.1 1.2 2.0 4.0
Australian Capital Territory 5.8 3.1 -2.2 2.2 2.9
Australia 3.2 3.7 3.8 2.4 2.5
           
           
(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.        
(b) Total average weekly earnings for all female employees. Not adjusted for CPI
Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Cat. no. 6302.0

 

2.5 Wage price index

Annual change - per cent, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
Wage price index (a) (b)          
New South Wales  110.9  114.3  117.1  119.8  122.4
Victoria  110.4  114.0  117.1  120.3  123.1
Queensland  111.3  114.7  117.7  120.5  122.8
South Australia  110.0  113.7  117.4  120.4  123.1
Western Australia  112.1  116.5  119.8  122.4  124.7
Tasmania  111.0  114.6  117.2  120.0  122.7
Northern Territory  111.5  115.2  118.3  121.4  124.1
Australian Capital Territory  110.7  114.9  117.6  119.7  121.7
Australia  110.9  114.6  117.6  120.4  123.0
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 3.6 3.1 2.4 2.3 2.2
Victoria 3.5 3.3 2.7 2.7 2.3
Queensland 3.7 3.1 2.6 2.4 1.9
South Australia 3.4 3.4 3.3 2.6 2.2
Western Australia 4.4 3.9 2.8 2.2 1.9
Tasmania 3.4 3.2 2.3 2.4 2.3
Northern Territory 3.7 3.3 2.7 2.6 2.2
Australian Capital Territory 3.3 3.8 2.3 1.8 1.7
Australia 3.6 3.3 2.6 2.4 2.2
           
           
(a) Index value at June of the financial year        
(b) Total hourly rate of pay index excluding bonuses, all sectors. Base: 2008–09 = 100.0.
Source: ABS, Wage Price Index, Cat. no. 6345.0

 

2.6 Consumer price index

Annual change - per cent, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
Consumer price index (a)          
Sydney  100.0  102.6  105.2  107.3  108.9
Melbourne  100.0  102.2  105.0  106.5  108.2
Brisbane  100.0  102.0  104.9  106.8  108.5
Adelaide  100.0  102.1  104.7  106.3  107.2
Perth  100.0  102.2  105.3  107.2  108.2
Hobart  100.0  101.2  103.7  104.9  106.3
Darwin  100.0  103.1  106.9  108.4  108.5
Canberra  100.0  101.9  104.2  105.3  106.1
Weighted average eight
capital cities
 100.0  102.3  105.0  106.8  108.3
           
Annual change – per cent (b)        
Sydney 2.5 2.5 2.6 1.9 1.5
Melbourne 2.3 2.2 2.8 1.4 1.6
Brisbane 1.9 2.0 2.8 1.9 1.6
Adelaide 2.6 2.0 2.6 1.6 0.9
Perth 2.2 2.3 3.0 1.8 1.0
Hobart 2.3 1.1 2.5 1.1 1.4
Darwin 2.1 3.1 3.7 1.4 0.1
Canberra 2.5 1.9 2.2 1.1 0.7
Weighted average eight
capital cities
2.3 2.3 2.7 1.7 1.4
           
           
(a) Annual average of quarterly data; base year for CPI is 2011-12
(b) Change in the annual averages of table above.
Source: ABS, Consumer Price Index, Cat. no. 6401.0

 

Chapter 3: State Accounts

3.1 Real gross state product

Annual change - per cent, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
Gross state product, chain volume measures – $ million      
New South Wales  479 485  488 691  500 306  513 529  531 323
Victoria  346 133  349 871  352 512  361 669  373 624
Queensland  288 233  295 096  304 874  308 448  314 569
South Australia  94 897  96 483  97 336  99 237  101 096
Western Australia  216 029  228 425  241 579  250 377  255 214
Tasmania  25 112  24 925  25 370  25 695  26 039
Northern Territory  19 001  21 999  22 591  23 032  23 648
Australian Capital Territory  33 398  34 278  34 567  35 029  36 225
Australia 1 500 084 1 538 634 1 578 784 1 617 016 1 661 739
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 1.8 1.9 2.4 2.6 3.5
Victoria 1.8 1.1 0.8 2.6 3.3
Queensland 6.0 2.4 3.3 1.2 2.0
South Australia 0.7 1.7 0.9 2.0 1.9
Western Australia 9.1 5.7 5.8 3.6 1.9
Tasmania 0.1 -0.7 1.8 1.3 1.3
Northern Territory 2.3 15.8 2.7 2.0 2.7
Australian Capital Territory 1.6 2.6 0.8 1.3 3.4
Australia 3.6 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.8
           
           
Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, Cat. no. 5220.0    
Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis.

 

3.2 Real gross state product per capita

Dollars, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
Gross state product per capita, chain volume measures (a) – $      
New South Wales  66 030  66 427  67 069  67 886  69 266
Victoria  62 001  61 591  60 938  61 440  62 308
Queensland  63 788  64 028  65 073  64 949  65 416
South Australia  57 620  58 045  58 053  58 664  59 371
Western Australia  90 329  92 125  95 246  97 312  98 012
Tasmania  49 053  48 636  49 362  49 864  50 327
Northern Territory  81 654  91 932  93 027  94 709  96 906
Australian Capital Territory  89 995  90 700  90 179  90 341  92 173
Australia  66 620  67 138  67 810  68 486  69 421
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 0.7 0.6 1.0 1.2 2.0
Victoria 0.2 -0.7 -1.1 0.8 1.4
Queensland 4.1 0.4 1.6 -0.2 0.7
South Australia -0.2 0.7 0.0 1.1 1.2
Western Australia 5.8 2.0 3.4 2.2 0.7
Tasmania -0.2 -0.9 1.5 1.0 0.9
Northern Territory 1.3 12.6 1.2 1.8 2.3
Australian Capital Territory -0.1 0.8 -0.6 0.2 2.0
Australia 2.0 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.4
           
           
Note: Gross state product is only available for financial years      
Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, Cat. no. 5220.0

 

3.3 Labour productivity

Gross State Product per hour worked, 2015-16, $

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
Gross State Product per hour worked, $        
New South Wales 350.5 354.3 353.3 364.8 357.2
Victoria 324.1 329.4 320.1 329.8 326.2
Queensland 316.4 328.7 325.7 335.0 335.2
South Australia 311.6 320.4 317.4 323.9 332.0
Western Australia 423.8 435.5 451.8 465.7 477.5
Tasmania 289.9 298.3 295.9 294.2 291.8
Northern Territory 364.4 413.0 401.5 415.0 414.0
Australian Capital Territory 422.4 435.5 437.9 445.3 449.5
Australia 343.8 350.7 349.1 359.8 357.0
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 2.6% 1.1% -0.3% 3.3% -2.1%
Victoria 3.8% 1.6% -2.8% 3.0% -1.1%
Queensland 4.8% 3.9% -0.9% 2.8% 0.1%
South Australia 2.5% 2.8% -0.9% 2.0% 2.5%
Western Australia 4.8% 2.8% 3.7% 3.1% 2.5%
Tasmania 3.0% 2.9% -0.8% -0.5% -0.8%
Northern Territory 1.7% 13.4% -2.8% 3.4% -0.3%
Australian Capital Territory 2.5% 3.1% 0.6% 1.7% 0.9%
Australia 4.4% 2.0% -0.5% 3.1% -0.8%
           
           
(a) Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked, all sectors (i.e. market and non-market sectors)
Source: ABS, Australian national accounts: state accounts, Cat. no. 5220.0
ABS, Labour force, detailed, Cat. no. 6291.0.55.001

 

Chapter 4: Business Conditions

4.1 Value of retail sales

Annual change - per cent, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
Value (a) – $ million          
New South Wales  77 588  79 884  84 934  91 261  96 088
Victoria  64 156  64 388  67 531  71 228  75 235
Queensland  52 228  54 604  57 013  58 573  60 162
South Australia  17 436  17 301  17 838  18 654  19 400
Western Australia  29 898  31 889  32 399  33 258  33 968
Tasmania  5 216  5 051  5 411  5 637  5 910
Northern Territory  2 829  2 885  3 047  3 071  3 120
Australian Capital Territory  4 655  4 848  4 940  5 130  5 410
Australia  254 006  260 851  273 112  286 812  299 293
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 2.0 3.0 6.3 7.4 5.3
Victoria 2.2 0.4 4.9 5.5 5.6
Queensland 4.1 4.5 4.4 2.7 2.7
South Australia 0.7 -0.8 3.1 4.6 4.0
Western Australia 10.1 6.7 1.6 2.7 2.1
Tasmania 1.1 -3.2 7.1 4.2 4.8
Northern Territory 4.7 2.0 5.6 0.8 1.6
Australian Capital Territory 1.5 4.2 1.9 3.8 5.5
Australia 3.3 2.7 4.7 5.0 4.4
           
           
           
Source: ABS, Retail Trade Australia, Cat. no.  8501.0

 

4.2 Passenger vehicle sales

Annual change - per cent, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
Number (a)          
New South Wales  183 887  182 954  179 774  175 639  176 048
Victoria  159 972  163 443  158 989  148 484  142 757
Queensland  107 310  106 092  103 004  99 964  93 670
South Australia  36 360  35 637  35 780  32 903  29 926
Western Australia  57 398  59 558  53 816  45 871  40 011
Tasmania  8 308  9 269  8 716  7 587  7 083
Northern Territory  4 284  4 161  4 297  3 723  3 429
Australian Capital Territory  10 435  10 836  9 911  9 137  9 156
Australia  567 954  571 950  554 287  523 308  502 080
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 0.6 -0.5 -1.7 -2.3 0.2
Victoria -1.2 2.2 -2.7 -6.6 -3.9
Queensland 3.5 -1.1 -2.9 -3.0 -6.3
South Australia -1.0 -2.0 0.4 -8.0 -9.0
Western Australia 0.6 3.8 -9.6 -14.8 -12.8
Tasmania -12.0 11.6 -6.0 -13.0 -6.6
Northern Territory 1.9 -2.9 3.3 -13.4 -7.9
Australian Capital Territory 0.1 3.8 -8.5 -7.8 0.2
Australia 0.3 0.7 -3.1 -5.6 -4.1
           
           
(a) Includes vehicles designed primarily for the carriage of people, such as cars, station wagons and people movers. Also
includes four wheel drive passenger vehicles not classified as sports utility vehicles.
Source: ABS, Sales of New Motor Vehicles, Cat. no. 9314.0

 

4.3 Dwelling approvals

Annual change - per cent, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
Number (a)          
New South Wales  35 204  42 823  54 095  63 419  73 278
Victoria  50 485  48 897  54 842  67 672  68 098
Queensland  27 691  30 725  39 271  46 704  50 775
South Australia  8 626  9 066  11 651  11 400  12 556
Western Australia  19 275  25 637  30 895  32 707  24 624
Tasmania  2 126  1 897  2 184  2 872  2 416
Northern Territory  1 619  2 190  2 138  1 814  1 703
Australian Capital Territory  4 863  3 802  4 636  4 261  4 739
Australia  149 889  165 037  199 712  230 849  238 189
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 1.7 21.6 26.3 17.2 15.5
Victoria -16.6 -3.1 12.2 23.4 0.6
Queensland -6.4 11.0 27.8 18.9 8.7
South Australia -27.1 5.1 28.5 -2.2 10.1
Western Australia -8.2 33.0 20.5 5.9 -24.7
Tasmania -31.9 -10.8 15.1 31.5 -15.9
Northern Territory 5.4 35.3 -2.4 -15.2 -6.1
Australian Capital Territory -17.1 -21.8 21.9 -8.1 11.2
Australia -10.8 10.1 21.0 15.6 3.2
           
           
(a) Houses and other dwellings (e.g. flats) intended for long-term residential use; includes both private and public sector dwellings.
Source: ABS, Building Approvals, Cat. no. 8731.0

 

4.4 Business investment

Annual change - per cent, 2015-16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
Chain volume measures (a) – $ million        
New South Wales  55 332  58 714  54 131  55 495  56 363
Victoria  41 310  37 145  40 471  43 382  44 038
Queensland  66 784  70 323  69 199  54 227  41 555
South Australia  12 624  12 551  12 389  12 864  11 668
Western Australia  74 292  78 635  70 758  62 737  52 140
Tasmania  3 038  2 494  2 423  2 594  2 474
Northern Territory  5 181  10 374  11 447  12 207  8 007
Australian Capital Territory  2 703  2 762  2 266  2 339  2 369
Australia  261 411  272 897  263 013  245 845  218 615
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 5.5 6.1 -7.8 2.5 1.6
Victoria 0.7 -10.1 9.0 7.2 1.5
Queensland 41.1 5.3 -1.6 -21.6 -23.4
South Australia 11.4 -0.6 -1.3 3.8 -9.3
Western Australia 43.7 5.8 -10.0 -11.3 -16.9
Tasmania 12.0 -17.9 -2.8 7.1 -4.6
Northern Territory 85.6 100.2 10.3 6.6 -34.4
Australian Capital Territory 12.1 2.2 -18.0 3.2 1.3
Australia 23.1 4.4 -3.6 -6.5 -11.1
           
           
(a) Private business gross fixed capital formation for other buildings and structures, machinery and equipment, livestock and intangible fixed assets.
Note: National account data is only available for financial years
Source: Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, Cat. no. 5220.0

 

Chapter 5: Housing

5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing

Annual change - per cent, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
Value (a) – $ million          
New South Wales  53 813  53 457  61 539  69 298  90 279
Victoria  43 697  45 639  49 018  53 737  67 300
Queensland  28 447  30 163  34 191  37 017  39 949
South Australia  8 978  9 206  10 886  11 326  12 698
Western Australia  20 929  25 283  28 530  28 266  26 206
Tasmania  1 963  1 934  2 360  2 409  2 531
Northern Territory  1 238  1 406  1 561  1 577  1 288
Australian Capital Territory  2 802  3 039  3 609  3 919  4 493
Australia  161 867  170 127  191 694  207 548  244 744
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 6.2 -0.7 15.1 12.6 30.3
Victoria -0.3 4.4 7.4 9.6 25.2
Queensland 1.8 6.0 13.4 8.3 7.9
South Australia -1.1 2.5 18.2 4.0 12.1
Western Australia 11.9 20.8 12.8 -0.9 -7.3
Tasmania -2.2 -1.5 22.0 2.1 5.1
Northern Territory 13.6 13.6 11.0 1.0 -18.3
Australian Capital Territory -0.8 8.5 18.8 8.6 14.7
Australia 3.7 5.1 12.7 8.3 17.9
           
           
(a) Lending commitments by all types of lenders for the construction and purchase of new or established owner occupied dwellings.
Source: ABS, Housing Finance, Cat. no. 5609.0

 

5.2 Home loan size

Average home loan size, 2015-16 - $'000s

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
Average size of new owner-occupied home loan (a) – $'000      
New South Wales 329.4 333.9 350.2 378.2 430.5
Victoria 300.6 300.3 314.3 334.0 373.3
Queensland 284.4 281.9 286.1 298.5 312.8
South Australia 244.7 247.1 251.6 262.7 276.9
Western Australia 276.7 297.3 314.9 332.8 334.3
Tasmania 218.8 213.9 214.1 215.3 226.4
Northern Territory 309.8 326.0 335.2 331.7 320.7
Australian Capital Territory 328.7 337.5 322.5 331.1 356.8
Australia 298.4 301.8 313.2 332.7 365.4
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales -4.1 1.4 4.9 8.0 13.8
Victoria -1.0 -0.1 4.7 6.3 11.7
Queensland -1.7 -0.9 1.5 4.3 4.8
South Australia -2.6 1.0 1.8 4.4 5.4
Western Australia -5.1 7.4 5.9 5.7 0.5
Tasmania 1.8 -2.2 0.1 0.6 5.2
Northern Territory 1.6 5.2 2.8 -1.1 -3.3
Australian Capital Territory -0.5 2.7 -4.4 2.7 7.8
Australia -2.5 1.2 3.8 6.2 9.8
           
           
(a) Includes refinancing, but excludes alterations and additions and refinancing. Comprises construction of new dwellings and
purchase of new and established dwellings
Source: ABS, Housing Finance, Cat. no. 5609.0

 

Chapter 6: Public Sector Finances

6.1 State government net debt

Percentage of gross state product, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
General government sector net debt (a) – $ million      
New South Wales 13 238 10 898 5 899 5 453  195
Victoria 15 287 19 927 21 262 22 327 22 306
Queensland -5 865 2 513 5 184 5 752  634
South Australia 3 401 4 459 6 296 3 108 3 486
Western Australia 2 050 4 742 6 973 9 306 13 717
Tasmania - 409 - 220 - 208 - 537 - 746
Northern Territory 1 633 1 829 1 811 1 133  768
Australian Capital Territory -2 733 -2 504 -2 714 -2 427 -1 789
Total 26 603 41 643 44 503 44 115 38 572
           
General government sector net debt – percentage of gross state product    
New South Wales 2.8 2.3 1.2 1.1 0.0
Victoria 4.7 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.0
Queensland -2.0 0.9 1.7 1.9 0.2
South Australia 3.7 4.7 6.5 3.1 3.5
Western Australia 0.8 1.9 2.6 3.7 5.7
Tasmania -1.7 -0.9 -0.8 -2.1 -2.9
Northern Territory 9.0 8.8 8.2 4.9 3.3
Australian Capital Territory -8.4 -7.3 -7.9 -6.9 -4.9
Total (b) 1.8 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.3
           
           
(a) Selected liabilities minus selected assets of the general government sector. A positive sign therefore indicates that selected
liabilities exceed selected assets; a negative sign indicates that selected assets exceed selected liabilities.
(b) Total or aggregate net debt for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross state product at current prices.
Sources: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, Cat. no. 5512.0, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, Cat, no. 5220.0

 

6.2 State government fiscal balance

Percentage of gross state product, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
General government sector fiscal balance (a) – $ million      
New South Wales -2 099 -3 571 -1 346  612  339
Victoria -2 091 -2 704 1 105 - 398  84
Queensland -5 557 -7 736 -2 587 - 530 - 201
South Australia -1 102 -1 001 -1 707 - 124  97
Western Australia -1 581 -1 853 -1 127 -1 809 -3 152
Tasmania - 263 - 150 - 159 - 55 - 18
Northern Territory - 458 - 367 - 101 - 122 - 25
Australian Capital Territory - 336 - 755 - 575 - 912 - 628
Total (b) -13 490 -18 133 -6 494 -3 335 -3 516
           
General government sector fiscal balance – percentage of gross state product    
New South Wales -0.5 -0.7 -0.3 0.1 0.1
Victoria -0.6 -0.8 0.3 -0.1 0.0
Queensland -1.9 -2.7 -0.9 -0.2 -0.1
South Australia -1.2 -1.1 -1.8 -0.1 0.1
Western Australia -0.7 -0.8 -0.4 -0.7 -1.3
Tasmania -1.1 -0.6 -0.6 -0.2 -0.1
Northern Territory -2.5 -1.8 -0.5 -0.5 -0.1
Australian Capital Territory -1.0 -2.2 -1.7 -2.6 -1.7
Total (c) -0.9 -1.2 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2
           
           
(a) The financing requirement of government. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative
sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position.
(b) The sum of all state and territory jurisdictions may not agree with the total, due to transfers between jurisdictions.
(c) Total or aggregate fiscal balance for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross state product.
Sources: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, Cat. no. 5512.0

 

6.3 State government taxation revenue

Dollars per capita, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
General government sector taxation revenue – $ million      
New South Wales 20 757 22 166 24 105 26 461 29 811
Victoria 15 136 15 629 16 995 18 436 20 027
Queensland 10 616 10 960 11 846 12 575 12 547
South Australia 3 869 4 112 4 107 4 393 4 426
Western Australia 7 125 8 170 8 594 8 772 8 997
Tasmania  888  925  957 1 012 1 068
Northern Territory  403  491  566  715  608
Australian Capital Territory 1 183 1 237 1 296 1 377 1 568
Total (a) 59 976 63 689 68 465 73 739 79 053
           
General government sector taxation revenue per capita - $      
New South Wales 3 037 3 192 3 417 3 704 4 130
Victoria 2 937 2 973 3 164 3 376 3 616
Queensland 2 582 2 597 2 737 2 855 2 803
South Australia 2 463 2 588 2 553 2 700 2 699
Western Australia 3 383 3 762 3 836 3 829 3 823
Tasmania 1 800 1 855 1 897 1 989 2 088
Northern Territory 1 885 2 233 2 504 3 112 2 629
Australian Capital Territory 3 453 3 551 3 653 3 806 4 261
Total (b) 2 880 2 997 3 156 3 347 3 539
           
           
(a) Total is the sum of taxation revenue of all states, not taxation revenue for Australia.    
(b) Total is the quotient of total taxation revenue (a) and the population of Australia. This is not equivalent to the taxation
revenue per capita for Australia.
Source: ABS, Taxation Revenue, Cat. no. 5506.0

 

Chapter 7: Exports

7.1 International merchandise exports

Percentage of gross state product, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
Merchandise exports (a) – $ million        
New South Wales  40 540  37 044  36 599  37 032  36 193
Victoria  21 597  21 710  23 964  23 609  23 323
Queensland  52 868  44 433  44 813  46 488  47 867
South Australia  11 410  10 711  12 354  11 322  11 567
Western Australia  120 534  115 588  130 426  110 775  99 635
Tasmania  3 170  3 026  2 753  2 542  2 848
Northern Territory  5 277  5 958  6 804  6 177  4 701
Australian Capital Territory   12   7   1   6   14
Australia (b)  264 018  246 978  272 922  254 552  243 423
           
Merchandise exports – percentage of gross state product      
New South Wales   8.7   7.7   7.4   7.2   6.7
Victoria   6.6   6.4   6.9   6.5   6.2
Queensland   18.2   15.2   14.9   15.1   15.1
South Australia   12.5   11.4   12.7   11.4   11.5
Western Australia   49.8   47.1   48.6   44.2   41.6
Tasmania   13.0   12.3   10.9   9.9   10.9
Northern Territory   29.1   28.8   30.9   26.8   20.4
Australian Capital Territory   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0
Australia (b)   17.7   16.2   17.2   15.7   14.7
           
           
(a) State in which the final stage of manufacture or production occurs. FOB value
(b) Includes re-exports and state figures not available for publication. Australian total, therefore, may not equal sum of states
and territories.
Note: This table is based on national accounts data and is only updated for the financial year publication
Sources: ABS, International Trade in Goods and Services, Cat. no. 5368.0; ABS, Australian National Accounts: State
Accounts
, Cat. no. 5220.0

 

Chapter 8: Social Statistics

8.1 Population

Annual change - per cent, 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
Population (a) – '000          
New South Wales 7 307.2 7 407.1 7 513.4 7 621.3 7 726.9
Victoria 5 632.5 5 733.5 5 838.1 5 946.5 6 069.6
Queensland 4 568.2 4 651.4 4 719.9 4 778.6 4 843.3
South Australia 1 656.0 1 670.3 1 685.6 1 698.9 1 708.1
Western Australia 2 438.0 2 515.4 2 557.0 2 589.9 2 617.1
Tasmania  512.1  513.1  514.7  516.6  519.1
Northern Territory  235.9  242.6  243.4  244.7  245.2
Australian Capital Territory  375.2  380.9  385.3  391.3  396.3
Australia 22 728.3 23 117.4 23 460.7 23 791.1 24 128.9
           
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Victoria 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.1
Queensland 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.2 1.4
South Australia 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.5
Western Australia 3.6 3.2 1.7 1.3 1.0
Tasmania 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5
Northern Territory 2.0 2.8 0.3 0.5 0.2
Australian Capital Territory 2.0 1.5 1.2 1.5 1.3
Australia 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.4
           
           
(a) Estimated resident population numbers are as at June of each year.
Source: ABS, Australian Demographic Statistics, Cat. no. 3101.0

 

8.2 Apparent school retention rates

Capped apparent retention rates from Year 7/8 to Year 12, 2016

  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
           
Apparent retention rates from Year 10 to Year 12 (a)      
New South Wales 77.6 79.8 79.5 79.8 81.5
Victoria 85.8 85.5 85.0 86.0 87.1
Queensland 86.2 87.9 87.0 88.5 90.1
South Australia 85.1 87.4 89.3 90.7 92.2
Western Australia 79.6 79.2 79.6 82.0 85.4
Tasmania 68.6 69.7 67.4 67.5 69.0
Northern Territory 54.7 58.4 55.8 60.0 68.0
Australian Capital Territory 82.6 84.3 83.8 84.4 84.8
Australia 81.9 83.1 82.8 83.7 85.5
           
Apparent retention rates from Year 7/8 to Year 12 (b)      
New South Wales 76.3 78.4 78.9 80.1 81.4
Victoria 85.4 85.8 85.8 86.2 87.1
Queensland 88.3 88.7 88.1 89.3 90.4
South Australia 86.3 89.8 91.7 92.9 94.4
Western Australia 81.7 80.7 81.1 82.3 86.4
Tasmania 69.4 70.6 68.0 67.9 68.1
Northern Territory 46.3 47.8 49.1 54.9 57.5
Australian Capital Territory 82.5 84.8 82.6 85.5 85.9
Australia 82.3 83.2 83.2 84.2 85.6
           
           
(a) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the
commencement of their Year 10 schooling.
(b) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the
commencement of their secondary schooling.
Source: ABS, Schools, Cat. no. 4221.0

 

8.3 General practice bulk billing

 Bulk billing rate , 2015–16

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
           
General practice bulk billing rate (a) – per cent      
New South Wales   85.9   86.8   87.6   88.2   88.6
Victoria   80.5   82.0   83.1   84.0   84.8
Queensland   80.6   81.6   82.8   83.7   84.5
South Australia   80.5   81.3   82.3   83.3   84.0
Western Australia   72.4   72.9   75.3   77.8   80.1
Tasmania   74.8   76.1   77.0   77.3   76.7
Northern Territory   72.0   77.4   80.7   84.5   87.4
Australian Capital Territory   49.5   54.9   57.0   57.9   60.0
Australia   81.2   82.2   83.4   84.3   85.1
           
           
(a) Proportion of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse), enhanced primary care and other non-referred
attendances that are bulk billed.
Source: Department of Health and Ageing,  Annual Medicare Statistics

 

Glossary

Apparent school retention rate. The number of full-time school students in a designated level/year of education expressed as a percentage of their respective cohort group (which is either at the commencement of their secondary schooling or Year 10). For a discussion of ‘apparent’ retention rates compared to actual retention rates, see the ABS source publication, Schools, Australia, 2014 (cat. no. 4221.0) explanatory notes.

Average weekly earnings. Average gross (before tax) earnings of employees.

Average weekly ordinary time earnings. Weekly earnings attributed to award, standard or agreed hours of work.

Bankruptcies. Bankruptcies and Administration Orders under Parts IV and XI of the Bankruptcy Act 1966.

Business investment. Private gross fixed capital formation for machinery and equipment; non-dwelling construction; livestock; and intangible fixed assets.

Consumer price index. A measure of change in the price of a basket of goods and services from a base period. Changes in the consumer price index are the most commonly used measures of inflation.

Dependency ratio. Ratio of the economically inactive to economically active population. Shows the number of children aged 0–14 years and persons aged 65 years and over, per 100 persons aged 15–64 years.

Employed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, worked for one hour or more for pay or worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a family farm.

General government sector. Government departments and other entities that provide largely non-market public services and are funded mainly through taxes and other compulsory levies.

General government sector net debt. Selected liabilities (deposits held plus proceeds from advances plus borrowing) minus selected assets (cash and deposits plus investments plus advances outstanding) of the general government sector.

General government sector fiscal balance. The financing requirement of the general government sector. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position.

General practice bulk billing rate. The percentage of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse) that are bulk billed.

Gross domestic product. The total market value of goods and services produced within Australia, after deducting the cost of goods and services used up in the process of production but before deducting for depreciation.

Gross state product. Equivalent to gross domestic product except it refers to production within a state or territory rather than to the nation as a whole.

Gross state product—chain volume measures. Also known as real gross state product, this is a measure used to indicate change in the actual quantity of goods and services produced within a state or territory.

Gross state product per capita. The ratio of the chain volume measure of gross state product to an estimate of the resident population in the state or territory.

Job vacancy. A job available for immediate filling and for which recruitment action has been taken.

Job vacancy rate. The number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of the number of employee jobs plus the number of job vacancies.

Labour force. The employed plus the unemployed.

Labour force participation rate. The number of persons in the labour force expressed as a percentage of the civilian population aged 15 years and over.

Labour productivity. Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked, all sectors (that is, market and non-market sectors).

Long-term unemployed. Persons unemployed for a period of 52 weeks or more.

Male total average weekly earnings. Weekly ordinary time earnings plus weekly overtime earnings of all male employees. This measure of earnings is used in the process of benchmarking pensions.

Real average weekly earnings. Average weekly earnings adjusted for inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index.

Total fertility rate. The average number of children females will bear during their lifetime.

Turnover. Includes retail sales; wholesale sales; takings from repairs, meals and hiring of goods; commissions from agency activity; and net takings from gaming machines. Turnover includes the Goods and Services Tax.

Unemployed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, were not employed but had actively looked for work in the previous four weeks and were available to start work.

Unemployment rate. The number of unemployed persons expressed as a percentage of the labour force.

Wage price index. A measure of change in the price of labour (that is, wages, salaries and overtime) unaffected by changes in the quality or quantity of work performed.

Youth unemployment. Number of 15–24 year olds looking for full-time work.

Youth unemployment rate. Number of 15–24 year olds looking for full-time work expressed as a percentage of the full-time labour force in the same age group.

 

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