Lost Innocents: Righting the Record - Report on child migration

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Lost Innocents: Righting the Record - Report on child migration

30 August 2001

© Commonwealth of Australia 2001
ISBN 0 642 71102 X

Download this report as a single file (PDF 7190KB)


Download this report as individual sections

Membership of the Committee (PDF 50KB)
 
Acronyms PDF 42KB)
 
Prologue PDF 40KB)
 
Recommendations (PDF 86KB)
 
Chapter 1 - Introduction (PDF 127KB)

Terms of reference
Background to the inquiry
Conduct of the inquiry
Perspectives of child migration
Delegation to the United Kingdom and Canada
Australian children in institutional care

 
Chapter 2 - Child migration to australia during the 20th century (PDF 282KB)

Defining ‘child migration’
British child migration – an historical overview
Child migration to Canada, Rhodesia and New Zealand
Factors influencing child migration in the 19th and early 20th century
Child migration to Australia
Commonwealth-State responsibilities
Pre-World War II migration
Post-World War II migration
Legislative basis for post-war child migration
Financial arrangements
The Catholic Church and post-war migration
Role of the United Kingdom and Australian Governments
Changing UK attitudes to the care of children
The Moss and Ross reports
Conclusion
Child migration from Malta

 
Chapter 3 - The sending to Australia (PDF 582KB)

Agencies involved in child emigration
Barnardos
Fairbridge
Catholic Church agencies
Church of England
Methodist and Presbyterian Churches
Salvation Army
Institutions receiving child migrants
Consent to migration
Deception of parents and children
Children placed in care
Regulation of migration
Consent to migrate
Conclusion
Numbers of child migrants sent to Australia
Numbers during the 20th century
Numbers of post-World War II arrivals
Numbers of child migrants by receiving agencies
Barnardos
Fairbridge
Catholic religious orders
Other organisations
Data on numbers by State
Conclusion

 
Chapter 4 - Institutional care and treatment (PDF 272KB)

Abuse in institutions
Depersonalisation
Sexual assault
The Christian Brothers: Bindoon, Castledare, Clontarf and Tardun
Other Institutions
Physical assault
Psychological abuse
Bed wetting
Secondary abuse
Food and clothing
Working conditions
Types of work performed by child migrants
Government financing of capital work - Bindoon
Wages while training at institutions
Work to financially support institutions
Outside employment, wages and trust monies
Exploitation of children in work
Education
After-care
Deaths at institutions
Long-term effects of abuse
Factors contributing to neglect and abuse
Prevailing norms
Conclusion

 
Chapter 5 - Responsiblity and reparations (PDF 687KB)

Role and responsibility of governments and non-government bodies
Visits and inspections
Adequacy of institutional funding
Conclusion
Duty of care
Western Australia – Christian Brothers and the Catholic Church
Brother Keaney
The Catholic Church
Queensland - Neerkol
Conclusion
Measures of reparation
Providing measures of reparation
Funding measures of reparation
Conclusion
Child Migrants Trust and other support groups
The Child Migrants Trust
The Trust’s work in Australia
Funding of the Trust
C-BERS and other Church services
International Association of Former Child Migrants and Their Families
Child Migrant Friendship Society of Western Australia
Conclusion

 
Chapter 6 - The search for identity (PDF 977KB)

Attitudes to family contact
Record keeping practices
Attitudes to the release of information and impact on tracing
Restricting access to records and information
Changing attitudes to information release
Falsification of information
Access to records
Records held in Britain
Australian records
State Government Records
Non-government Organisations
The Child Migrants Trust
Catholic Church Organisations
Fairbridge
Barnardos
Outstanding access and tracing issues
Additional funding
Sharing information
Access to records by families of child migrants
National Archives of Canada
Conclusion
Citizenship
Conclusion

 
Chapter 7 - Travel and reunions (PDF 1754KB)

Benefit of reunions
Current travel assistance arrangements
Child Migrant Support Fund
C-BERS Services – travel assistance
Numbers assisted
Limitations of the UK scheme
Unmet need for travel assistance
An Australian travel fund
Supplementation for the UK scheme
Improving coordination
Conclusion

 
Chapter 8 - Services required by former child migrants (PDF 320KB)

Counselling
Need for counselling
Specialised counselling services
Counselling services provided to former child migrants
Conclusion
Accommodation and aged care – now and in the future
Accommodation needs
Conclusion
Future aged care needs
Conclusion
Social security entitlements
Temporary absences
Other issues
Conclusion
Remedial education

 
Chapter 9 - Legal actions and limitation periods (PDF 330KB)

Legal options open to former child migrants
Civil proceedings
Criminal proceedings
Impact on actions
Criminal proceedings
Civil proceedings
Conclusion
Settlements received by former child migrants from receiving agencies
Christian Brothers’ settlement
Other settlements

 
Chapter 10 - Recognition of child migrants (PDF 650KB)

The need for recognition
Defining acknowledgment and apology
Apologies/acknowledgments to former child migrants
Views on the need for an apology
Views on an acknowledgment
Conclusion
Recognition of the child migrant schemes and the role of child migrants in Australia
Conclusion

 
Appendix 1 (PDF 105KB)

List of public submissions, tabled documents and other additional information authorised for publication by the committee

 
Appendix 2 (PDF 109KB)

Witnesses who appeared before the committee at public hearing
Meetings by members of the committee as a delegation to London and Ottawa

 
Appendix 3 (PDF 97KB)

List of i4 institutions receiving child migrants

 
Appendix 4 (PDF 143KB)

Figures on child migration during the twentieth century

 
Appendix 5 (PDF 196KB)

Information about and access to records of former child migrants

 
Appendix 6 (PDF 139KB)

The statute of limitation

 
Appendix 7 (PDF 200KB)

Text of apologies

 
Appendix 8 (PDF 81KB)

Bibliography

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