Chapter 2

Chapter 2

Portfolio Bodies

2.1        This chapter contains the key issues discussed during the 2013-14 Additional Estimates hearings for the Infrastructure and Regional Development portfolio and the Agriculture Portfolio.

Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development

2.2        The committee heard evidence from the Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development (the department) on Monday, 24 February 2014. The hearing was conducted in the following order:

Corporate Services

2.3        The committee discussed whether the government had set a regulatory performance target for the department, and was advised that an indicative saving of $60 million per annum had been allocated to the portfolio. In response to questions about how performance will be measured against the target, Mr Mrdak, Departmental Secretary, advised the committee that he would look at performance arrangements in the department as necessary but ultimately performance requirements rest with the Secretary.[1]

2.4        The committee discussed work the department had undertaken since September 2013 to reduce regulation, and was advised by Mr Mrdak that a senior officer in the department had been charged with responsibility for deregulation in the department. He also advised that a team had been established within the policy group to identify areas for action to reduce regulatory burden.[2]

Infrastructure Investment and Infrastructure Australia

2.5        In continuation of discussion from previous estimates hearings, the committee sought an update on the following infrastructure projects:

2.6        The committee discussed funding for road projects and the government's proposed investment program across state and territories. The committee heard that the government had made commitments to fund 80 per cent of projects in the forward program, relating to two major highways – the Bruce Highway and the Pacific Highway with 80 per cent of funding being derived from the Commonwealth, and 20 per cent from the states.[3]

Civil Aviation Safety Authority

2.7        The committee raised the issue of colour-vision-deficient pilots and the colour assessment diagnosis test (CAD) developed by the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) in the UK. Concerns were raised that, in an environment where the industry is struggling to attract and retain pilots, the introduction of the CAD test could see pilots who have been flying safely in Australia for decades having their privileges withdrawn.[4]

2.8        The committee heard that CASA was not aware of any specific cases of pilots' privileges being withdrawn but acknowledged that there is a standard for the eyesight test which is applied by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO).[5]

2.9        It was also advised that CASA had 'not necessarily committed to using the test in all cases.'[6]

Australian Transport Safety Bureau

2.10      The committee followed up concerns from the references committee report into the Pel-Air investigation. The committee asked why the ATSB was standing by their report after Mr Dolan, the Chief Commissioner of ATSB, stated during the committee inquiry, that he was not proud of the report and would not hold it as a benchmark.[7]

2.11      Mr Dolan explained that the investigation is complete and the report as published will stand.  He clarified that, from a legal perspective, the report could not be withdrawn, and could only be amended and reopened if new and significant information came to light.[8]

2.12      The committee discussed the Transportation Safety Board (TSB) of Canada's review into the investigation and the parameters in place to ensure independence of the TSB during the review.[9]

Australian Maritime Safety Authority

2.13      The committee sought information from officers regarding AMSA's safety standards for lifesaving appliances and whether AMSA had conducted inspections on Customs vessels to ascertain whether they met the relevant standards.[10]

2.14      The committee heard that '[for] the vessels we have jurisdiction over, which are required to have lifesaving appliances on board under the [Safety of Life at Sea] Convention, we have the responsibility for making sure that they meet the appropriate standards[.]'[11]

Surface Transport Policy

2.15      The committee discussed the possibility of mandating electronic stability control on new dangerous goods tankers in Australia after two fatal crashes involving fuel tankers in New South Wales.[12]

2.16      Mr Mrdak told the committee that 'we would certainly support an expedited process of improved stability control, particularly for trailers carrying petroleum products.'[13]

Department of Agriculture

2.17      The committee heard evidence from the Department and agencies of the Agriculture portfolio on Tuesday 25 February 2014. The hearing was conducted in the following order:

Finance and Business Support, People and Service Delivery, Governance, Information Services, Office of the General Counsel

2.18      The committee discussed staffing reductions in the biosecurity area. The department advised that the Border Compliance Division had reduced by 53.6 full time employees from a total of 2,062 staff over the course of this financial year.[14]  The department noted that they are in the process of a voluntary redundancy program.

2.19      The committee also heard that, as at the end of January 2014, the Biosecurity Import Conditions System (BICON) had cost $25.3 million for system development and $23.1 million for content, re-engineering, program management and business reform.  The department advised the committee that through the project, the department will be able to provide concise information on import requirements into Australia.[15]  

Wine Australia Corporation and the Grape and Wine Research Development Corporation

2.20      The committee discussed with representatives of the Wine Australia Corporation and the Grape and Wine Research and Development Corporation their pending merge into the Australian Grape and Wine Authority (AGWA).[16]


2.21      The committee asked witnesses about progress and responsibility for implementing the National Fruit Fly Strategy (NFFS). The committee heard that progress on the NFFS appears to have stalled:

The Fruit Fly Strategy is sitting with Plant Health Australia. There have been efforts to have an implementation group of governments and industry to oversee it and try to take charge of the various projects. That implementation group has not met in recent times—or necessarily been formed.[17]

2.22      Noting the committee's concerns regarding recent fruit fly outbreaks in Western Australia, Queensland and South Australia, the committee was informed that: 'The responsibility for the on-ground management of fruit fly rests with the states and with industry.'[18]

Live animal exports and Biosecurity—Animal

2.23      The committee discussed with witnesses the live animal export trade. The committee heard that:

...industry is keen to reopen trade where [Supply Chain Assurance Scheme]-compliant supply chains can be established, and there have been discussions across a whole range of different countries, including Bahrain. The government has made very clear its intention to do what it can to reopen the trade, to increase the trade, because of its value to the Australian rural economy.[19]

2.24      The committee was informed that in response to the live animal export suspension there has been an increase in the importation of Australian boxed chilled and frozen meat to some markets.[20]

2.25      The department reported that there were eight Export Supply Chain Assurance System (ESCAS) investigations underway in Asia, the Middle East and Africa. These inquiries relate to the treatment of sheep and cattle exported from Australia.[21]

2.26      It was emphasised to the committee that the greatest challenge for Australian exporters in complying with ESCAS pertained to the treatment of animals after their arrival at their foreign destination:

The exporters have contracts with their importers in the other country, and it is up to the importers and their staff to fulfil the contracts they have made with the exporter, and the exporter to enforce the conditions or to encourage the importer to do that. If you think about the number of stock that are sent overseas and the ability to track all of them, you would see that it is quite easy for stock to go missing. I think that that is the most difficult part that exporters have to deal with.[22]

2.27      In spite of these challenges, the committee heard that Australian efforts had significantly improved the standards of animal welfare in export markets such as Indonesia, where the Australian Livestock Export Corporation Limited was able to report:

Before 2011 and the ban, only probably five per cent of cattle were stunned. At the moment, in 2014, we have 80-plus per cent and this is continuing to grow every day. When you look at it, that is a vast improvement in animal welfare standards in Indonesia and it is a credit to the Indonesian importers, the abattoirs there, and the cooperation they have between the exporters in Australia to get that outstanding job done.[23]

Food Export Certification

2.28      The committee heard that the department was working on ways to improve the legislative requirements for the food export certification. The committee heard that the cost of registration and establishment a real deterrent to producers entering the export market.[24]

2.29      It was emphasised to the committee by the department that:

We are always looking to try to find ways in which we can encourage export. The future of Australian agriculture is through export, given that two-thirds of what we produce is exported, We have to try to find ways that we can meet the requirements of the countries that these products are going to in the least cost way so that we are not discouraging people out of exporting.[25]

Agricultural Adaption and Forestry Division

2.30      The committee discussed available funding for Farm Finance and how this was to be allocated across the jurisdictions. The committee heard that there was a total of $40 million allocated for 2014–15 and that this funding could be reallocated to any jurisdiction on a needs basis.[26]

2.31      It was emphasised by the Minister at the table that the program was designed to assist farmers in need and that 'we would take very seriously the demand that comes through the program in reflecting that need.'[27]


Senator Bill Heffernan

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