Prime Minister and Cabinet Portfolio
The committee took evidence from the Department of the Prime Minister and
Cabinet (PM&C), the Department of Climate Change and portfolio agencies
from Monday, 26 May to Thursday, 29 May 2008.
The following issues raised with PM&C are discussed below:
- the government's election commitments;
- Prime Minister's overseas travel;
establishment of the Office of Work and Family;
National Policy Commission on Indigenous Housing;
- Office of National Security;
- Staff employed in the Prime Minister's official residences;
- Official functions held at the Prime Minister's official
- Funding for community cabinet meetings;
- Charter letters; and
the 2020 Summit.
Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet
At the commencement of the committee’s examination of the Department of
the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Senator the Hon John Faulkner, the Special
Minister of State and Cabinet Secretary, began by informing the committee that
he would be the sole Minister representing the Prime Minister during PM&C’s
appearance. He stated that the rationale behind this decision was to alleviate
concerns raised during the committee’s previous examination of the department
whereby there was some uncertainty surrounding the separation of Ministerial
responsibilities held between himself and Senator Evans.
Senator Faulkner also informed the committee of recent changes to the Administrative
Arrangements Order that have effected the department. This was followed by
and explanation from a PM&C official who informed the committee of recent
staffing and organisational changes within the department.
For a further explanation of the effect of these changes on the department see Chapter
1 of this report.
Government’s election commitments
Opposition Senators questioned Senator Faulkner extensively about the
government’s election commitments. Senator Minchin drew Senator Faulkner’s
attention to an answer provided in response to a Question on Notice, which
sought a list of each election commitment the government had made and the
allocation of agency of department that is responsible for its implementation.
Senator Faulkner replied that he believed the answers provided to the
questions on notice were satisfactory, and that all of the government's
election commitments were currently available on the ALP’s website. Senator
Faulkner subsequently tabled the list that he identified on the ALP website
for the benefit of the committee.
However Opposition Senators were not satisfied that a clear assessment
of each promise is identified on the website, and that Senator Faulkner had
provided a clear explanation as to which government agencies and departments
will be responsible for delivering each promise.
Senator Faulkner agreed to take on notice a series of questions seeking
further information about the government’s election commitments.
Prime Minister’s overseas travel
Opposition Senators questioned PM&C officials about the details of
the Prime Minister’s overseas travel between 27 March and 13 April 2008. Officials
provided the committee with the dates and places of the Prime Minister visit. Senator
Faulkner took a series of questions on notice that sought further information
about the breakdown of the costs incurred from the Prime Minister’s trip. Senator
Faulkner stated that the answers could not readily be provided because of the
recent nature of the travel.
Establishment of the Office of Work
Government and Opposition Senators questioned PM&C officials about
the establishment of the Office of Work and Family. Officials informed the
committee that its role will be to facilitate the coordinated development of
policies that affect work and family life. Furthermore, the Office of Work and
Family will manage the relationship between PM&C and the Australian Institute
of Family Studies which recently joined the portfolio under changes to the Administrative
An official also outlined two specific outputs that the Office of Work
and Family will be responsible for: the production of the State of the Family
report; and providing advice with the development of family impact statements
for cabinet decisions.
National Policy Commission on
Senator Minchin questioned officials on the status and purpose of the
National Policy Commission on Indigenous Housing. Specifically, Senator Minchin
sought to know why some people with political party connections were invited to
join the commission whilst others were not.
An official provided the committee with evidence based on a letter from
the Prime Minister to the Leader of the Opposition that expresses the Prime Minister’s
intention that the commission should be above day-to-day politics.
The letter was subsequently tabled before the committee and details that the
only politicians to be on the commission should be the Prime Minister and the
Leader of the Opposition.
Office of National Security
Senator Trood followed up on his previous questions of the Office of
National Security from the committee’s examination of Additional Estimates
Senator Trood asked for information about the numbers of staff employed
within the office, and questioned officials on the status of the National
Security Statement. An official informed the committee that the statement
is expected to be completed towards the end of June, and that it will be up to
the government as to when the completed statement will be released.
Senator Trood also sought information about the status of an ongoing
review into homeland and border security. An official stated that the expected
date of completion for the review is 30 June 2008 and that terms of reference
did exist but that they have not been officially released by the Prime
On the subject of recent commentary on the Prime Minister not visiting Japan
whilst visiting other countries including China during his inaugural official
overseas travel, Opposition Senators questioned officials from the Office of
National Security about the rationale and implications of the Prime Minister’s
An official stated that they did realise that there would be some cause
for concern from Japan. And, nevertheless, a tight programming schedule for the
Prime Minister’s overseas travel made this unavoidable. The official stated:
The decision was taken to go to China on account of the
invitation to the Boao forum. I think it is wrong to characterise the situation
you are referring to now in this instance to Japan as having dropped off. As
you are aware, visits to Japan are planned...Whenever you plan visits you go to
one country before another...there can be issues around it...at the end of the day
[it is] a matter of programming and where one can put the visits together.
The committee notes that subsequent to the Budget Estimates hearings,
the Prime Minister has completed a trip to Japan.
Staff employed at the Prime Minister’s
Opposition Senators questioned PM&C officials about the current
numbers of staff employed at the Prime Minister’s official residences. Senator Faulkner
informed the committee that the number of full time equivalent staff currently
employed at the Lodge is 5.4 whilst at Kirribilli House two people are
Pursuing further the committee’s examination of PM&C during Additional
Estimates 2007–08, Opposition Senators examined the financial arrangements that
the Prime Minister has put in place to reimburse funds for services provided by
one of the household assistants employed at the Lodge.
Senator Faulkner stated that an arrangement is in place whereby the
Prime Minister will pay 60 per cent of the staff member’s salary which covers
the component of child care provided. Furthermore an official from PM&C
informed the committee that the voluntary reimbursement of funds will be
recorded in the department’s financial statements and annual report.
Opposition Senators also questioned Senator Faulkner about a member of
the Prime Minister's staff that was identified as the Prime Minister's travel
Senator Faulkner informed the committee that the correct title for the
position was in fact an executive assistant, and that the person in this
position carried out various functions including assisting with invitations,
gifts and travel arrangements.
Official functions held at the
Prime Minister’s official residences
During previous Estimates hearings the committee has pursued issues
surrounding the use of the Prime Minister’s official residences for private and
state functions. Opposition Senators followed up on previous questions
surrounding an official state function held on Australia Day 2008 at the Lodge.
Particularly, Senators asked for a full list of people who had attended the
function. Senator Faulkner informed the committee of his intention to adopt a
new approach and tabled this information on a six monthly basis for the benefit
of transparency for the first time.
In relation to Senator Faulkner’s undertaking to table lists of
attendees, he qualified under what circumstances this information would be
presented before the committee in the future:
I hope the committee would agree that private dinners and the
like are in a very different category. One of the issues that arises is how one
defines an official function or a non-official function. I think that is very
simply and easily done, because an official function is one where CERHOS and the
Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet have an organising role, as
opposed to a private dinner...
Funding for community cabinet
In the 2008–09 Budget Papers the government has allocated funding until
2010–11 for the provision of community cabinet meetings, to be held throughout
various regions of Australia. Opposition Senators questioned PM&C officials
about how the aggregate funding for the meetings would be spent by the
An official informed the committee that the current plan is for the
funding to service approximately 10 to 12 community cabinet meetings during
2008–09. Although PM&C could not predict the costs for each meeting because
the nature of the meeting will vary, an official stated that the cost for a
recent community cabinet meeting in Penrith was $36 445 which did not include
Opposition Senators continued on from the committee’s previous Estimates
hearings and examined the details surrounding the proposed charter letters to
be drawn up between ministers and the Prime Minister.
Senator Faulkner informed the committee that he did not receive a
charter letter from the Prime Minister, but instead participated in a formal,
minuted discussion in relation to the benchmarks that were set for his
performance. He also stated that he was not aware of whether other ministers
had received charter letters or not, and resolved to take this question on
Senator Faulkner outlined that it is the Prime Minister's intention to
meet again with each minister in July 2008 to undergo the exercise of conducting
formal meetings, instead of producing charter letters.
Opposition Senators question Senator Faulkner about the specific details
contained in the minute of the meetings and the dates and duration of meeting
held between ministers and the Prime Minister.
On the issue of whether Senator Faulkner would be prepared to table his
minutes before the committee he took the question on notice.
Opposition Senators questioned PM&C about the department's
involvement in the recent 2020 Summit. Particularly, the details discussed
included the costs associated with the event and the allocation of contracting
A PM&C official informed the committee that the estimated cost of
the organisation and delivery of the 2020 Summit will reach approximately $2.6
million which is the amount that was budgeted for the event.
The committee heard evidence that a $56 000 media management contract was
awarded to CMAX Communications, which is run by the wife of the Defence
Minister's media adviser. Officials told the committee that CMAX was
recommended to the department by a ministerial staffer in the Prime Minister's
Office, and that the company was appointed by direct tender apparently due to
Officials told the committee that they were unaware of the personal
relationship between the company and a ministerial adviser and that they had
appointed the company on the basis that it was listed on the government's
communications contracting panel.
After receiving a briefing on the matter from PM&C, Senator Faulkner
contacted the Minister for Defence, recommending that he (the Minister for
Defence) refer the matter to the government staffing committee so that that
committee could talk directly to the Defence Minister’s staffer in order to
understand the relationship.
Opposition Senators also raised the issue that CMAX had changed its name
on 22 April several days before the story broke in the Age on 25 April.
Two weeks later the company sought to de-register.
Senator Faulkner acknowledged that mistakes were made in awarding the
contract to CMAX and that the government would learn from them.
An official also agreed that it had not completed the appropriate due diligence
processes in appointing CMAX.
Opposition Senators also asked a series of questions on the planning and
organisational arrangements regarding the 2020 Summit. The committee was told
that the former Deputy Secretary responsible for the 2020 Summit, Dr Morautu,
was no longer with the department and that there were no other officials that
could answer questions on the subject. In many instances senators were forced
to accept that questions were taken on notice because no officials could
respond to the committee's questions.
Other matters of interest that were examined by the committee include:
- the administration of the honours system;
- the government’s knowledge and views concerning the rendition of Mr Mamdouh
- the establishment of the COAG Unit and COAG Budget measures;
- the government’s decision to increase the Medicare levy surcharge
- what procedures PM&C will follow to investigate the alleged
leak of Cabinet and other documents;
- standards of Ministerial ethics;
- the Lobbying Code of Conduct;
Freedom of Information requests and conclusive certificates.
The Australian National Audit Office
The effect of the efficiency
The committee examined what affect the Government’s two per cent
efficiency dividend would have on the Australian National Audit Office’s budget
and delivery of the ‘performance audit program’.
The Auditor-General informed the committee that the two per cent
efficiency dividend will equate to a loss in the agency’s budget of approximately
$1.26 million over the 2008–09 financial year. In relation to the delivery of
the ANAO’s performance audit program the Auditor-General stated the number of
performance audits will have to decrease to cope with the reduction in budgeted
The Auditor-General stated that this was not in the best interests of
fulfilling the ANAO’s mandate to improve the performance of Federal public
sector administrative practices:
I have said elsewhere that I did not think the reduction was in
the interests of the parliament, given the nature of our work being a stimulus
for better administration. In fact the chair of the Public Accounts and Audit
Committee made the point in parliament:
The Audit Office is the front line in ensuring government
accountability and probity...
She went on to say:
...the modest budget of the Audit Office should be seen as a
cost-effective mechanism for curbing waste and excess, and identifying areas
for better administration on behalf of the parliament and the Australian
I happen to agree with the JCPAA on this matter and I would have
preferred the budget process to be able to be more discriminating.
For a further discussion on the efficiency dividend see Chapter
1 of this report.
Office of the Privacy Commissioner
The Office of the Privacy Commissioner appeared before the committee for
the first time since the December 2007 change to the Administrative
Arrangements Order, which brought the office under the committee’s oversight.
Senator Mason questioned the Privacy Commissioner about recent reports
in the media relating to allegations that the Australian Anti-Doping Authority
provided Medicare with a list of athlete’s names, and had asked Medicare to
provide a list of potential drug cheats.
The Privacy Commissioner stated that because no individual had made a
complaint to the commission about the allegations that she had decided to use
the agency’s legislative power to open an ‘own motion investigation’.
The Privacy Commissioner also informed the committee that this
investigation has not yet been completed. Senator Mason asked the Privacy
Commissioner to outline what law government agencies are required to follow
when undertaking the data matching of people’s personal details. The
Privacy Commissioner informed the committee that:
Essentially there are two guidelines. One set of guidelines is
mandatory and one set of guidelines is voluntary. The first set which is
mandatory, is those that relate to a data-matching act, which covers the way
the tax office, Centrelink and the Department of Veterans’ Affairs match
information using the tax file number. There are also voluntary guidelines that
have been issued by a previous Privacy Commissioner in 1998 that cover the way
other agencies data match, including the way, say, [the] ATO would also data
match when they do not use the tax file number.
Department of Climate Change
The following issues raised with the Department of Climate Change (Climate Change)
- the emissions trading scheme;
- Professor Ross Garnaut's employment contract; and
- whole-of-government approach to climate change;
Responsibilities of the Department
of Climate Change
The Minister for Climate Change, Senator the Hon Penny Wong, informed
the committee that the government has allocated $59 million over the next four
years for the establishment of the department.
The Minister stated that the major areas that her department will focus on
...to lead the development of a whole-of-government strategic
framework for international and domestic climate change policy, international
climate change negotiations, coordinating the development and implementation of
various climate change policies on the domestic front, and primarily leading
development and implementation of the emissions trading scheme. We are also
charged with implementing the expanded Renewable Energy Target, implementing
legislation of greenhouse emissions and energy consumption reporting, and
developing a strategic approach to climate change adaptation...
Emissions trading scheme
Senator Wong also told the committee about the timeline and processes
involved in implementing the government’s ‘cap-and-trade’ emission trading
Senator Johnston, questioned Senator Wong and officials about whether
reports were correct that one reason why Professor Garnaut will release a draft
report before issuing a final report, is because of a delay in finalising economic
modelling. An official stated that Senator Johnston was correct in his
assessment. The official elaborated on the reasons why a delay would take
place, this includes that the modelling will be jointly undertaken between
Treasury and Climate Change.
Senator Johnston also pursued questions relating to whether Professor Garnaut’s
green paper (to be released during June or July 2008) will address measures to
assist households. Professor Garnaut replied that ‘analytically’ it will,
although such analysis will be dependent on the modelling which will mean that
the final August report will include this information in detail.
Professor Garnaut’s employment
Senator Johnston questioned Climate Change officials about the details
of Professor Ross Garnaut’s employment contract.
Senator Johnston raised concerns about the use of a standard form employment
agreement for Professor Garnaut’s contract, for example he asked why the
contract specifies working hours of 36 hours and 45 minutes.
An official replied to Senator Johnston’s question stating that the
contract was made in line with the standard hours set out in the collective
employment agreement for staff working with the Department of Environment. The
official also stated that in hindsight it may have been beneficial to have used
a specific consultancy agreement.
Whole-of-government approach to
Australian Green's Senator, Christine Milne questioned Climate Change officials
about how the government intends to develop a whole-of-government approach to
implementing climate change policy across government departments. In reply an
In those areas, [the portfolio areas identified by Senator
Milne] essentially what we have tried to do is put in place a strategic
framework for the government, and then the individual departments are
responsible within that for their own areas of development. We have attempted
to engage early in the process when departments are thinking about some of the
issues, but at this stage I think it is true to say that it is still a work in
On the question of what influence Climate Change currently has over
various portfolios an official replied that departmental officials are
consulting, and have in some cases developed close working relationships at
Senator Milne also questioned officials about government policies that
she believed, if implemented, would be contrary to the need to lower carbon
emission. These policies included building roads and freeways under AusLink
funding for 2009–14.
Senator Wong replied to this line of questioning that:
The government made a range of election commitments, and we
intend to honour our commitments to the electorate...In terms of infrastructure,
obviously there are a range of issues associated with the impact of climate
change that do over time need to be taken into account or integrated into some
of our strategic planning around infrastructure...
Other matters of interest that were discussed relating to Climate Change
- the need for Climate Change to take into account a new set of
accounting practices to ensure uniform reporting;
- which industries will be included in the emissions trading
- staffing arrangements;
the Minister for Climate Change and Water's minuted discussions
with the Prime Minister relating his expectations;
- election commitments relating to Climate Change.
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