House of Representatives Committees

| House of Representatives Standing Committee on Agriculture, Resources, Fisheries and Forestry

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Preliminary Pages



“Plant trees. They give us two of the most crucial elements for our survival: oxygen and books!”

-A Whitney Brown
Writer and Comedian


From the earliest times, trees have been the focus of religious life for many peoples around the world. As the largest plant on earth, the tree has been a major source of stimulation to the mythic imagination. Trees have been invested in all cultures with a dignity unique to their own nature, and tree cults, in which a single tree or a grove of trees is worshipped, have flourished at different times almost everywhere.  We have the tree of life and the tree of knowledge in our own culture now.

Trees have also featured in our every day life, in design and in structure across this continent.  Both indigenous and European peoples have valued the tree for its qualities, its strengths and its influence on a landscape.  It is after all the most amazing scientific structure that has occurred in nature.  We could never have invented such an entity with its ability to soar to the clouds and yet have the structural integrity to deal with storm, flood and fire, all part of a tree’s essence.

So it is not surprising that people feel that trees are “sacred” and shouldn’t be touched.   However, like all living entities, trees have a life cycle, they seed, they grow and they die, in longer or shorter time scales depending on the species.  By managing them through their life cycles, we can improve them, can strengthen their scientific features and in the future develop alternative energy and fuels.

Products that are so much part of our living that if we did not have them any more, we would lose a huge part of our cultures.  By growing and harvesting trees, and then replanting, we have the most sustainable way of developing a product that we can use as part of our lives for ever.

Sure we have to keep samples of the various species which make up our natural areas – and I believe Australia has understood this so well through the development of the National Forest Policy Statement and the various RFAs.  We need to keep reviewing our agreements and ensuring that we keep our forests sustainable.  

But the idea of keeping an individual tree because it represents “bio diversity” or is a “home for animals” is wrong.  The tree will die, and if there is nothing coming on to replace it to ensure that its species is continued, then there is no future for that species, nor for its inhabitants.

To help the future of the planet, we will need to have wood replace other materials which embodies much more energy than non renewables, such as steel or plastic.

This inquiry ranged far and wide and took in many different points of view.  But we were seeking a future for forestry.  We did not want to dwell in the past.  So the recommendations have been carefully couched to give hope to our forest workers, our contractors, sawmillers, pulp and papermakers and our craft and woodworkers.  Australia wants a sustainable industry in all its facets and we want to ensure that our landscape still reflects the power of the trees. 

I believe the Committee has worked hard to do this.  I would like to thank all my committee members, particularly my Deputy Chair Alby Schulz, for their diligence and their help in seeking out the best processes in the business and looking forward to the future.

Thank you too to the Committee Secretariat for their hard work in putting this all together.

Lastly, I would like to thank all those contributors who submitted to the inquiry from all areas of forestry or who had an interest in the future of forestry.   Without your help, your time given freely to attend consultations and your hospitality, this report could not have been written.


Hon Dick Adams MP

Committee Chair

What do we plant?

American author, Henry Abbey (1842-1911)


What do we plant when we plant the tree?

We plant the ship, which will cross the sea.

We plant the mast to carry the sails;

We plant the planks to withstand the gales --

The keel, the keelson, and the beam and knee;

We plant the ship when we plant the tree.


What do we plant when we plant the tree?

We plant the houses for you and me.

We plant the rafters, the shingles, the floors.

We plant the studding, the lath, the doors,

The beams, and siding, all parts that be;

We plant the house when we plant the tree.


What do we plant when we plant the tree?

A thousand things that we daily see;

We plant the spire that out-towers the crag,

We plant the staff for our country's flag,

We plant the shade, from the hot sun free;

We plant all these when we plant the tree.






Membership of the Committee



Hon Dick Adams MP


Deputy Chair

Mr Alby Schultz MP



Mr Darren Cheeseman MP

Mr Geoff Lyons MP


Mr George Christensen MP

Mr Rob Mitchell MP


Mr Tony Crook MP

Mr Dan Tehan MP



Committee Secretariat



Mr Russell Chafer (until 2 February 2011)


Mr David Brunoro (from 3 February 2011)

Inquiry Secretary

Dr Bill Pender (until 25 July 2011)


Mr Thomas Gregory (from 8 August 2011)

Research Officer

Ms Fiona Gardner

Office Manager

Mrs Dorota Cooley

Administrative Officer

Mrs Katrina Gillogly

Terms of Reference

The Committee is to inquire into the current and future prospects of the Australian forestry industry, particularly in regards to:

  • Opportunities for and constraints upon production;
  • Opportunities for diversification, value adding and product innovation;
  • Environmental impacts of forestry, including:
  • Impacts of plantations upon land and water availability for agriculture; and
  • The development of win-win outcomes in balancing environmental costs with economic opportunities;
  • Creating a better business environment for forest industries, including:
  • Investment models for saw log production;
  • New business and investment models for plantation production; and
  • Superannuation investment in plantations;
  • Social and economic benefits of forestry production;
  • Potential energy production from the forestry sector, including:
  • Land use competition between the forestry and agriculture sectors:
  • Implications of competing land uses for the cost and availability of timber, food and fibre;
  • Harmonising competing interests; and
  • Opportunities for farm forestry.


List of Abbreviations


Australian Plantation Products and Paper Industry Council


Australian Conservation Foundation


Australian Forest Growers


Australian Forest Products Association


Australian Forestry Standard Limited


Clarence Environment Centre


Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry


Environment Tasmania


Forest and Forest Industry Council of Tasmania


Farmed Forests of the North East


Forest Stewardship Council


Institute of Foresters of Australia


Australian Master TreeGrower Program


National Association of Forest Industries


North East Forest Alliance


Northern United Forestry Group


Otway Agroforestry Network


Private Forests Tasmania


Southern Cross University


Timber Communities Australia


The Wilderness Society


Victorian Association of Forest Industries

List of recommendations

3       Future role for forestry and forest products

Recommendation 1

The Committee recommends the Australian Government, through the COAG Standing Council on Primary Industries, lead a process to assess and publicly report on likely wood demand and supply scenarios over the longer term (at least the next forty years). This should be completed within twelve months.

Recommendation 2

The Committee recommends the Australian Government, through the COAG Standing Council on Primary Industries, lead a process to consider and publicly report on whether Australia should aim for wood supply ‘self-sufficiency’.

Recommendation 3

The Committee recommends the Australian Government run public information campaigns to promote timber and wood products as replacements for more energy-intensive materials.

Recommendation 4

The Committee recommends the Australian Government develop robust national standards quantifying the carbon stored in different products made from harvested trees, including the duration of storage and policy implications of those standards.

Recommendation 5

The Committee recommends the Australian Government, as it develops a mature Carbon Farming Initiative regime, consider:

4 Native forestry

Recommendation 6

The Committee recommends the Australian Government initiate a process to renew existing Regional Forest Agreements, incorporating the principles of review, consultation, evergreen extension and concrete timelines.

Recommendation 7

The Committee recommends the Australian Government, subject to the agreement of the relevant State Government, ensure that a renewed RFA is in place within three years of the expiry of each existing RFA. Renewed RFAs should incorporate the principles outlined above.

Recommendation 8

The Committee recommends the Australian Government, in negotiation with State Governments, develop, agree and implement a new regime within all renewed RFAs to provide for ongoing monitoring and periodic assessment. The new regime should provide for the periodic assessment of each RFA on an individual basis, at regular intervals, and at arm’s-length from all interested parties.

Recommendation 9

The Committee recommends the Australian Government direct the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry to consider and evaluate the ‘stewardship’ proposal outlined above, and that relevant Minister report to Parliament on its findings within twelve months.


5 Plantations

Recommendation 10

The Committee recommends the Australian Government lead a process through COAG to create a national plan for plantations, to ensure that:

Recommendation 11

The Committee recommends the Australian Government:

6 Farm forestry

Recommendation 12

The Committee recommends the Australian Government, through COAG, lead a process to agree a national plan for the provision of, and access to, enabling infrastructure for farm forestry.

Recommendation 13

The Committee recommends that the Australian Government, in concert with state and local governments, provide immediate and ongoing financial support to local organisations that provide extension services for farm forestry, particularly through the Caring for our Country initiative.

Recommendation 14

The Committee recommends that the Australian Government explicitly state that Caring for our Country funding is available for farm forestry activities, and actively promote this fact to the broader community through an extensive information campaign.

7       Using forestry biomass

Recommendation 15

The Committee recommends that, under any version of the RET (or similar scheme), bioenergy sourced from native forest biomass should continue to qualify as renewable energy, where it is a true waste product and it does not become a driver for the harvesting of native forests.

Recommendation 16

The Committee recommends that, if the above principles are adhered to, legislation or regulation direct the Minister to grant an individual exemption from native forest biomass exclusion.

Recommendation 17

The Committee recommends that, under any system of exemption from the native forest biomass exclusion, provision be made for reporting on biomass volumes used, energy used and income generated, to ensure that the biomass used is a true waste product.

8       Forestry into the future

Recommendation 18

The Committee recommends that the Australian Government provide funding to FSC Australia to support the development of the proposed FSC national standard, with the expectation that the FSC national standard will replace the interim standard within five years.

Recommendation 19

The Committee recommends the Australian Government lead a process of discussions with all state and territory governments, to consider national approaches to:

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