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Preliminary pages

Chair’s foreword

The latest hearing took place shortly after the flooding of much of eastern Australia, especially Queensland, and after Cyclone Yasi. Australians will never forget the images of city centres, suburbs and whole towns under water, still less loved ones, neighbours or colleagues lost to flash foods and related incidents.

These disasters were mitigated to a degree by the combined efforts of the armed and emergency services, governments at all levels, police and the general public. The generosity with which so many Australians donated time and effort to assist neighbours and strangers alike revealed a reservoir of civic resilience which has been reassuring to witness.

While the ultimate cost of the floods and Cylone Yasi is yet to be fully quantified, it is clear that the expenses involved with replacing or renovating housing, industry and infrastructure alone will have a macro-economic effect, to say nothing of the impact on household expenditures of all sorts, the nation-wide market from fruit and vegetables or the export of coal.

It is clear that Australia’s economic situation is almost ideally placed to support the massive task ahead. While the extreme weather conditions is expected to reduce real GDP growth considerably in the last quarter of 2010 and the first quarter of 2011, perhaps by as much a full percentage point, growth should pick up after this. The stimulus from the rebuilding effort is expected to bring about a temporary rise in CPI inflation, most likely to 3 per cent, for the June quarter of 2011. After this, inflationary pressure should ease off. Monetary policy is on target to meet the goals of its long-standing policy on maintaining inflation within the 2 to 3 per cent band over the medium-term.

The drivers for growth are diverse, but the principal one is our exceptional terms of trade.  Several times the Governor of the RBA advised the committee that our current terms of trade constitute a once or twice in a century event.

These terms of trade are made possible by the surge in growth in the industrialising countries, especially China and increasingly India as well. This in turn augments global growth, which according to the IMF is now growing at above average rates. This growth has fuelled global demand for Australian coal and iron ore, which led to a strong surge in private sector investment, in particular in the resources industry. 

The strength of our current growth has ensured that the economy is increasingly close to full capacity. Despite the need for caution, it is clear that we are not experiencing either a wages-break-out or a systemic supply-side crisis in the labour market. It would appear that Australian households are using the growth in income to retire household debt and increase savings, thereby adding to the future resilience of our economy.

In conclusion, on behalf of the committee, I would like to thank the Governor of the Reserve Bank, Mr Glenn Stevens and other representatives of the RBA for appearing at the hearing on 11 February 2011. The next public hearing will be held on 26 August 2011 in Melbourne.


Craig Thomson MP

Membership of the Committee


Mr Craig Thomson MP

Deputy Chair

Mr Steven Ciobo MP


Mr Scott Buchholz MP


Mr Stephen Jones MP


Dr Andrew Leigh MP


Ms Kelly O'Dwyer MP


Ms Julie Owens MP

Committee Secretariat


Mr Stephen Boyd

Inquiry Secretary

Dr Phillip Hilton

Administrative Officer

Ms Natasha Petrovic

Terms of reference

The House of Representatives Standing Committee on Economics is empowered to inquire into, and report on the annual reports of government departments and authorities tabled in the House that stand referred to the committee for any inquiry the committee may wish to make. The reports stand referred in accordance with the schedule tabled by the Speaker to record the areas of responsibility of the committee.

List of abbreviations


Consumer Price Index


Gross Domestic Product


International Monetary Fund


Reserve Bank of Australia

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