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Preliminary pages

Chair’s foreword

Over the last several years the Australian economy has, by any reasonable standard, been an outstanding performer. While many leading economies across the world continue to suffer from the effects of the global financial crisis, Australia has experienced steady growth throughout its economy as a whole, with significant gains in key sectors, such as the export-oriented mining industry. The hearing confirmed the wisdom of the economic reforms that Australia has undertaken over the last generation, reforms that have provided us with a legacy of hard-won economic resilience.

The forecasts for Australian growth and stability provided by the RBA in late 2010 were positive. At the time of the hearing, Australian consumer price inflation was about 2½ per cent in underlying terms and about 2¾ per cent in headline terms and the bank forecast was for the economy to grow by 3½ per cent on an annual basis from the December quarter 2010, rising to a possible high of 4 per cent by the end of 2011.

This forecast preceded the cataclysmic flooding that has swept across the eastern states, especially Queensland and shall most likely be revised subject to a systematic reconsideration of the latest developments. Yet, regardless of what revised form the updated forecast ultimately takes, the November hearing offered us a valuable insight into the Australian national economy before the floods.

Largely due to our favourable terms of trade (made possible by the urbanisation of China and India, with its resultant pressure on the price for minerals and fuel) Australia was rapidly closing the gap between actual and potential output.  The principal drivers for economic growth were increases in private investment, robust income growth and a strong labour market. In the view of the RBA, the great challenge ahead was to raise productivity and expand the supply side of the economy. While inflation was lower than expected, the bank board expected that the prospect of further increases in the cash rate was sufficiently serious to justify their decision to raise interest rates in early November.

In conclusion, I would like to thank, on behalf of the committee, the Governor of the Reserve Bank, Mr Glenn Stevens, and the other representatives of the RBA for appearing at the hearing on 26 November 2010.


Craig Thomson MP



Membership of the Committee


Mr Craig Thomson MP

Deputy Chair

Mr Steven Ciobo MP


Mr Scott Buchholz MP


Mr Stephen Jones MP


Dr Andrew Leigh MP


Ms Kelly O'Dwyer MP


Ms Julie Owens MP

Committee Secretariat


Mr Stephen Boyd

Inquiry Secretary

Dr Phillip Hilton

Administrative Officer

Ms Emily Costelloe

  Ms Natasha Petrovic

Terms of reference

The House of Representatives Standing Committee on Economics is empowered to inquire into, and report on the annual reports of government departments and authorities tabled in the House that stand referred to the committee for any inquiry the committee may wish to make. The reports stand referred in accordance with the schedule tabled by the Speaker to record the areas of responsibility of the committee.

List of abbreviations


Consumer Price Index


Gross Domestic Product


International Monetary Fund


Reserve Bank of Australia

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