Doing Time - Time for Doing - Indigenous youth in the criminal justice system

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June 2011

© Commonwealth of Australia 2011
ISBN 978-0-642-79266-2 (Printed version)
ISBN 978-0-642-79267-9 (HTML version)

View the report as a single document - (PDF3.5MB)

View the report as separate downloadable parts:

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Preliminary pages (PDF 51KB)
Chapter 1 Introduction (PDF 24KB)

Conduct of the inquiry
Structure of the report

Chapter 2 Indigenous youth and the criminal justice system: an overview (PDF 95KB)

The critical need for early intervention
High rates of offending and disadvantage
Social norms and family dysfunction
Connection to community and culture
Overrepresentation and Closing the Gap
The need for justice targets
The National Indigenous Law and Justice Framework
National Plan to Reduce Violence against Women and their Children
National Framework for Protecting Australia s Children
State and Territory Indigenous justice agreements
The Australian Capital Territory
New South Wales
Western Australia
South Australia
Committee comment

Chapter 3 The role of positive social norms (PDF 458KB)

What are social norms?
Intergenerational dysfunction
Indigenous Family Safety Agenda
Committee comment
Community development of positive social norms
Supporting families and communities
Parenting skills
Commonwealth Government programs supporting Indigenous families and communities
Queensland Family Responsibilities Commission
New South Wales Intensive Supervision Program
Committee comment
Mentors and role models
Committee comment
The role of sport
Committee comment
Identification issues
Safe accommodation
Out-of-home care
Commonwealth Government support for accommodation for Indigenous youth at risk
Committee comment

Chapter 4 The link between health and the criminal justice system (PDF 441KB)

Alcohol and substance abuse
Alcohol reforms
Committee comment
Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
FASD in Australia
FASD and the criminal justice system
FASD Intervention and support
Committee comment
Mental health and emotional wellbeing
Healing and culture
Committee comment
Hearing loss
Committee comment
Early intervention on health
Committee comment
Holistic health care in detention and post-release
Committee comment

Chapter 5 Improving education for Indigenous youth (PDF 605KB)

Funding for Indigenous education
Indigenous Education Action Plan
Committee comment
Indigenous Australians and the education system
Strategies for Engagement - Both Ways/Two Ways
Indigenous community engagement
Committee comment
School readiness
School attendance
Initiatives to increase school attendance
After school activities
Sporting programs
Queensland Family Responsibilities Commission
Committee comment
Committee comment

Chapter 6 Improving the effectiveness of transitioning from education to the workforce (PDF 432KB)

Government initiatives
Commonwealth Government and COAG
State and Territory governments
New South Wales
Western Australia
South Australia
Northern Territory
Local and NGO employment initiatives
Committee comment
Obstacles to employment
Apprenticeships and Traineeships
Committee comment
Work readiness and practical training
Rio Tinto
Driver licences
Committee comment
Availability of employment
Mining and tourism sectors
Education and Government service sectors
Police services
Australian Defence Force
Committee comment

Chapter 7 The criminal justice system (PDF 657KB)

The point of first contact
Police relations
Diversion by police
Committee comment
Language barriers
Committee comment
Legal representation
Committee comment
Indigenous youth and the courts
Sentencing culture
Implications of sentencing culture
Bail laws
Accommodation options for Indigenous youth on bail
Committee comment
Driver licensing offences
Committee comment
Court alternatives
Indigenous Sentencing Courts
Drug and Alcohol Courts
Committee comment
Indigenous youth in custody
Recidivism and rehabilitation
In-custody education and training
Transitioning needs and post-release support
Committee comment

Chapter 8 Government policy and coordination (PDF 626KB)

Policy framework targeting the gaps
Expenditure and progress
Monitoring and evaluation
Committee comment
Mapping offending and data gaps
Committee comment
Policy gaps
Indigenous engagement and representation
Indigenous law and justice advisory body
Committee comment
Indigenous representation in the Parliament
Committee comment
Service delivery model
Criticism of government agency silos
The need for coordination
Collaborative approaches
New South Wales Drug Court
Family Responsibilities Commission
Committee comment
Indigenous delivered services
Night Patrol
Ipswich Community Justice Group
Balunu Healing Camp, Darwin
Grannies Groups
Committee comment
Integrating the service approach
New Zealand model of service delivery
Pooled and sustained funding
Justice reinvestment
Committee comment

Appendix A List of submissions (PDF 100KB)
Appendix B List of hearings, witnesses and inspections (PDF 165KB)
Appendix C List of exhibits (PDF 132KB)

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